Eastern Mojave Vegetation California Highway 178  
 

Tom Schweich  

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Shoshone
Literature Cited
 (No Preface)

Other articles: California Highway 58 Bakersfield CA Hwy 99 at CA Hwy 58  

Bakersfield

Junction: California Highway 58, California Highway 99

Full Size ImageEntrance to Kern Canyon near Bakersfield  
Entrance to Kern Canyon.
  Historical marker beside highway:
California Historical Landmark
Rio de San Felipe
One mile north of here on May 1, 1776, Francisco Garces of the Franciscan Order, crossed Kern River in his search for a shorter route from Sonora, Mexico, to Monterey, California. He was the first known explorer to describe this river, which he named Rio de San Felipe.
Dedicated
  • May 1, 1988
  • Bakersfield Parlor No. 42 N.S.G.W.
  • El Tejon Parlor No. 239 N.D.G.W.
  • Kern County Historical Society
  • Kern County Chamber of Commerce
  • Department of Natural Resources Reg. No. 278
  • State of California
  • Other articles: Field Notes 15-Jul-05

    Locations: Kern River.
    Full Size ImageLower Kern River  

    Lower Kern Canyon

    Full Size ImageLower Kern Canyon  
    Lower Kern Canyon

    Other articles: California Highway 155 Lake Isabella  

    Lake Isabella

    Junction: California Highway 155

    Other articles: Field Notes 20020418040

    Locations: Isabella Lake.  

    Isabella Lake

     

    Full Size ImageSouth Fork Valley  
     

    Locations: Onyx.  

    Onyx

    Small settlement along CA Highway 178.

    Other articles: Field Notes 20020418060
    Full Size ImageJoshua trees along CA Highway 178 near Onyx  

    Joshua Trees (Yucca brevifolia) are found from Onyx to Walker Pass, a distance of about 12 miles. There is some thought that Native Americans may have transported seeds into South Fork Valley from the Mojave Desert.

    Full Size ImageFremontia (Fremontodendron californicum) in South Fork Valley.  
    East of Onyx was a north-facing hillside with many Fremontia (Fremontodendron californicum) in bloom.

    Full Size ImageView northwest from Walker Pass.  
    View northwest from Walker Pass. I think the flat topography in the distance would be identified as the Kern Plateau.

    Other articles: Field Notes 20020418070

    Locations: Walker Pass.
    Full Size ImageWalker Pass on a windy Spring afternoon.  

    Walker Pass

    Historical plaque at Walker Pass reads as follows:

    Walker's Pass
    Discovered by Joseph R. Walker, American trail-blazer, who left the San Joaquin Valley through this pass in 1834. This area was traversed by topographer Edward M. Kern, after whom the Kern River was named, while accompanying the Fremont expedition of 1845. After 1860 it became a mining freight route to Owens Valley.
    Dedicated April 25, 1937.
    Marker placed by Bakersfield Parlor No. 42 N.S.G.W.
  • El Tejon Parlor No. N.S.G.W.
  • Kern County Chamber of Commerce. State registered landmark No. 99.
  • Other articles: Field Notes 15-Jul-05

    Locations: Walker Pass.
    Full Size ImageLooking south across Walker Pass.  

    View south across Walker Pass. Sagebrush on the open slopes merges into the Pinyons on the upper slopes.

    Other articles: Field Notes 15-Jul-05
    Full Size ImageSteve inspects the weather station in Walker Pass.  

    Steve inspects the weather station in Walker Pass. There is also a Walker Pass RAWS a few miles west.

    Other articles: Field Notes 15-Jul-05

    Locations: Walker Pass.
    Full Size ImageView east from Walker Pass into Indian Wells Valley  

    View east from Walker Pass. The vegetation here is Pinyons, Juniper, Big Sagebrush, and Bitterbrush.

    Locations: Freeman Canyon.  

    Freeman Canyon

     

    Other articles: Field Notes Coll. No. 14  

     

    Other articles: Field Notes 15-Jul-05

    Locations: Robber's Roost.
    Full Size ImageLooking south to Robber's Roost from Soldier Wells.  

    Soldier Wells.

    Don't take this road to Robber's Roost. It's closed at the other end.

    Other articles: California Highway 14 at CA Hwy 178 West  

    Junction: California Highway 14

    Other articles: California Highway 14 at CA Hwy 178 East  

    Junction: California Highway 14

    Locations: Inyokern.  

    Inyokern

    Inyokern

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 395 at CA Hwy 178  

    Junction:
    • U. S. Highway 395

    Other articles: Trona Road at CA Hwy 178 W  

    Junction:
    • Trona Road South

    Locations: Salt Wells Valley.  

    Salt Wells Valley

    Salt Wells Valley is north of CA Highway 178. Carl Purpus may have collected here in 1898. He was definitely in the area, on his way from Indian Wells Valley to the Argus Range, when he mentions stopping at Salt Wells. Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg may have also collected here in 1940, when they mention collecting in Salt Canyon, and Salt Wells Canyon.

    Locations: Poison Canyon.  

    Poison Canyon

    Other articles: Trona Road at CA Hwy 178 E  

    Junction:
    • Trona Road North
     
    This is the missing segment of California Highway 178. The western segment, above this break, runs from Bakersfield to the intersection with Trona Road, south of Trona. The eastern segment, below this break, runs from Death Valley to Shoshone. Apparently, Highway 178 was originally planned to pass through Wingate Pass, but this portion of the route was never constructed.

    Other articles: Badwater Road at CA Hwy 178 Harry Wade Road 10000  

    Junctions:
    • Badwater Road
    • , north past Badwater to Furnace Creek.
    • Harry Wade Road
    • , southeast past Saratoga Spring to California Highway 127.

    Locations: Jubilee Pass.  

    Jubilee Pass

     

    Literature Cited:
    - Forseth, I. E., and J. R. Ehleringer, 1982.

    Locations: Salsberry Pass.  

    Salsberry Pass

    Near Salsberry Pass are several research sites used by Forseth and Ehleringer (1982) in measuring sun-tracking leaf movements in relation to leaf conductance and water potential in Malvastrum rotundifolium and Lupinus arizonicus.

    Literature Cited:
    - Engel, Celeste G., and Robert P. Sharp, 1958.

    Other articles: Eastern Mojave Geology Engel and Sharp (1958)  

    In one of the early studies on desert varnish, Engel and Sharp (1958) performed wet chemical analyses on varnish, the underlying weathered rind, and fresh rock from ten locations in southeast California. One of the locations was at the north end of Sheephead Mountain in the Ibex Hills 150 yards southeast of the highway through Salsberry Pass. Engel and Sharp found that (1) varnish on stones seated in soil or colluvium is derived largely from that material, (2) varnish on large bedrock esposures come from weathered parts of the rock, (3) air-borne material is probably a minor contributor.

    Other articles: Furnace Creek Wash Road at CA Hwy 178  

    Junction: Furnace Creek Wash Road

    Other articles: California Highway 127 at Shoshone  

    Junction:
    • California Highway 127
     

    Shoshone

     

    Other articles: California Highway 127 at Shoshone  

    Junction: CA Hwy 127, south to Baker.

    Full Size ImageDugout in "Castles of Clay"  
    "Castles of Clay"

    Full Size ImagePhacelia calthifolia Brand growing in pattern aligned with subsurface cracks.
    Full Size ImagePhacelia calthifolia Brand near Shoshone.  
     

    Other articles: Field Notes May 24, 2004
    Full Size ImageView of Shoshone from the east.  

     

    Other articles: Field Notes May 24, 2004
    Full Size ImageTecopa Lake beds between Tecopa and Shoshone.  

     

    Other articles: FAQ F205771

    Locations: Resting Spring Range.  

    Resting Spring Range

     

    Other articles: Field Notes May 24, 2004

    Locations: Chicago Valley.
    Full Size ImageChicago Valley, looking south.  

     

    Other articles: FAQ F205771  

    Chicago Valley

     

    Other articles: Field Notes May 24, 2004

    Locations: Chicago Valley.
    Full Size ImageChicago Valley and the Resting Spring Range, looking north.  

     
     

    Stewart Valley

     

    Other articles: NV Hwy 372 20000  

    Junction: Nevada Highway 372
     

    Literature Cited

      A list of all literature cited by this web site can be found in the Bibliography.
      Engel, Celeste G., and Robert P. Sharp. 1958. Chemical Data on Desert Varnish. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America. 69(5):487-518. {TAS-pdf}
      Forseth, I. E., and J. R. Ehleringer. 1982. Ecophysiology of Two Solar Tracking Desert Winter Annuals. Oecologia. 54: 41-49. {TAS-pdf}
    If you have a question or a comment you may write to me at: tas4@schweich.com I sometimes post interesting questions in my FAQ, but I never disclose your full name or address.  


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    Date and time this article was prepared: 4/9/2017 9:03:31 AM