Eastern Mojave Vegetation Field Notes (Continued)  
 

Tom Schweich  

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2008 Tour de Swertia albomarginata
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Literature Cited
 When I first read the field notes of Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg, I was fascinated by the descriptions they wrote about the places they went and the plants and animals they found there. By publishing my field notes on the Internet I hope to follow a little bit in their tradition.
 

2008 Tour de Swertia albomarginata

Tuesday, May 27th

 
  Left home on Tuesday May 27th, bound for the Eastern Mojave. Stopped for gas at Avenal, lunch in Bakersfield, gas at Kramer Junction, again at Valley Wells.

Other articles: Kessler Springs Road at Veterans Cross
Full Size ImageThe Cross-In-A-Box in May, 2008  

On the way in to Mojave National Preserve I stopped for my annual photo of the "Cross in a Box" (#9). A cross was installed on this rock in the 1930s as a memorial to veterans, long before this area became a park. In the 1990s a disgruntled Park Service employee took offense at the cross in the newly formed national park, and the matter has bounced back and forth between the courts and congress ever since. In the meantime, so as not to offend further, our Park Service has installed a wooden box to cover the cross. This is a continuing saga as the box has been sawn off, burned off, painted with alternative religious symbols, etc.
  It is unfortunate that we cannot just allow the original sentiment of a memorial be, but instead we get threatened by the religiosity of the symbol.
  In the Mid Hills Campground, I am one of three campers, and we are well-dispersed throughout the campground.
 

Wednesday, May 28th.

 

Literature Cited:
- Ausmus, Bob, 1989.

Other articles: Black Canyon Road at Holliman Well

Locations: Holliman Well.  

In the burned area of Round Valley, e.g., around Holliman Well, the Apricot Mallow (Sphaeralcea ambigua) has filled in the areas formerly occupied by Sagebrush.
Full Size Image
Holliman Well
  Today, I started at my Pinto Mountain plot. There was one Frasera albomarginata in bloom, outside the plot.
  The Cliff Rose at Pinto Mountain is not coming back. That's too bad, as that was one location where Cliff Rose was easy to find. There was lots of Sandwort (Eremogene, formerly Arenaria) in bloom at Pinto Mountain and at Wild Horse Mesa, along with Eaton's Fire Cracker (Penstemon eatonii) and Dalea searlsii.
  I looked for the little Portulaca family plant down where I park my car, but was unable to find any.

Other articles: Winkler's Cabin Road 29987
Full Size ImageRoad to Winkler's Cabin, May 29, 2008
Full Size ImageRoad to Winkler's Cabin, May 29, 2008  

Then I drove to the Wild Horse Mesa plot. I can't actually drive all the way there. But I was able to drive with to camper to my usual parking spot. From there the walk is about 20 minutes up the hill to my plot. Along the way I saw lots of Calochortus in bloom. The single Single-Leaved Ash is coming back from the fire, as are the Oaks in the creekbed.
Full Size Image
Calochortus kennedyi on north face of Wild Horse Mesa
  I drove into Opal Wash for lunch. The road continues to deteriorate with lack of traffic.
  Back out at my burned plot, there are far fewer plants growing than the first year after the fire. I think this is because there was a good rainfall immediately after the fire, but it's been generally dry sense.
  There were very few Verbena gooddingi. I have assumed it is a perennial, and it is so litsted in the Jepson manual, but there are far fewer of them in this plot than immediately after the fire.

Other articles: Wild Horse Canyon Road 49000
Full Size ImageView across Wild Horse Canyon  

I have seen some collections made in Wild Horse Canyon, that gave an ecological association of "Joshua tree woodland." However, I don't think I have ever seen Joshua trees in Wild Horse Canyon. I contacted the collector who was quite certain that there were Joshua trees in the area, but that they were not recovering well from the 2005 Hackberry Complex fire. So I went to the location of the collections, as given in geographic coordinates, and searched for Joshua trees. The location is shown in the photograph at left. I searched both sides of the road, across the wash and up on the benches on either side of the wash. I did not find Joshua trees. I did find burned stumps and sprouts of Banana Yucca (Yucca baccata) and Mohave Yucca (Y. schidigera), but not Joshua trees (Y. brevifolia). I'm not saying the Joshua trees aren't there. I'm just saying that I could not find them.

You might wonder, of course, what difference does it make? In my observation, Joshua trees occur on the northwest side of the Mid Hills ridge. They also are found on the ridge line. However, Joshua trees are not found on the southeast side of the Mid Hills ridge, until one reaches the higher elevations of Pinto Valley.

I want to hypothesize that the Mid Hills ridge creates a small orographic precipation increase on the side from which winter storms come, the northwest side. The ridge also casts a small rain shadow on the lee side, the southeast side. The orographic effect and rain shadow are enough to affect Joshua tree distribution in this area. If there are Joshua trees in Wild Horse Canyon, then they provide a counter-example to my hypothesis.

   
  In the eastern Mojave, my little plants are OK, a few more deaths than births, but no plants were flowering in my study areas. I did see one in bloom just outside my study area (#7). The study area that burned in 2005 seems to have fewer and fewer plants each year. Maybe that is because it rained a lot right after the fire, and since then it hasn't rained so much. There were a lot of Calochortus (Mariposa Lily, #8) in bloom on Wild Horse Mesa.
 

Thursday, May 29th

 
  As I was leaving the Mid Hills, the weight of my laptop and my "office" bag were making contact in the passenger seat sensor. Then the passenger seat belt light and alarm would sound. Until, I hit another bump and the reduced pressure would silence the alarm, then set if off again as we hit bottom of the bump. Really annoying! When I get home, I'm going to rig some was to disable (temporarily) the passenger seat alarm.
  At Goffs, the General Store and gas station are closed.

Other articles: U. S. Interstate 40 near Colorado R.

Locations: The Needles.
Full Size ImageThe Needles from Topock, Arizona  

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 30250
Full Size ImageView of Mohave Valley to the southwest  

View southeast to Mohave Valley and Needles.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 near Oatman

Locations: Boundary Cone.
Full Size ImageBoundary Cone along Old US Highway 66  

Boundary Cone ahead on Old US Highway 66.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 30600
Full Size ImageTeddy-Bear Cholla (Opuntia bigelovii) near Boundary Cone  

Teddy-Bear Cholla (Opuntia bigelovii) is found at several places along Old US Highway 66.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 near Oatman
Full Size ImageBurro near Oatman, Arizona  

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 in Oatman

Locations: Oatman.
Full Size ImageMain street of Oatman, Arizona.  

Oatman was kind of cute, maybe like a junior Virginia City. Burros in town are protected, so they wander the streets unmolested (#6). Outside of town they get rounded up and shot by the BLM.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 at Goldroad Mine

Locations: Goldroad Mine.
Full Size ImageGoldroad Mine  

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 above Goldroad Mine
Full Size ImageOld US Highway 66  

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 at Sitgreaves Pass

Locations: Sitgreaves Pass.
Full Size ImageView east from Sitgreaves Pass  

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 along Old US Hwy 66
Full Size ImageBeargrass (Nolina) along Old Highway 66  

 

Literature Cited:
- Wilson, E. D., and R. T. Moore, 1959.

Other articles: Frasera albomarginata in the Hualapai Mtns

Locations: Hualapai Mountains.  

Tonight I am staying at Hualapai Mountain Park. This is a Mohave county Park, and has cabins, camping, picnic areas, and several reservable recreation areas.
Full Size Image
Hualapai Peak in Hualapai Mountain Park.
 

Friday, May 30th

 

Literature Cited:
- Wilson, E. D., and R. T. Moore, 1959.

Other articles: Frasera albomarginata in the Hualapai Mtns

Locations: Hualapai Mountains.  

Today I traveled from Hualapai Mountain Park near Kingman Arizona to the Grand Canyon.
Full Size Image
Kingman from Hualapai Mountain Road.
  The sun came up and entered the camper about 6:08 AM this morning. I remember as it shown directly into my eyes. I got up and did my usual consitutionals. I re-arranged the truck cab a little bit, spreading out the presses to a single layer but four presses across. This makes more room for other stuff.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 near Walapai

Locations: Hualapai Mountains.
Full Size ImageHualapai Mountain from Old US Highway 66  

Returning to Kingman from Hualapai Mountain Park, I gassed up in town, and then headed out of town on the old route 66. The beginning part of the drive crosses Hualapai Valley, a broad fairly flat valley. I'm not sure where, or whether, Hualapai Vallry drains.

Other articles: Frasera albomarginata in the Music Mtns U. S. Highway 66 at IRR 1
Full Size ImageBuck and Doe Road from US Highway 66  

Then the old highway climbs a valley past Valentine before topping out on a plateau. At the east end of this plateau is Peach Springs. I saw Buck and Doe Road, and took photos, but did not travel out onto it.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 66 Peach Springs

Locations: Peach Springs.
Full Size ImageDowntown Peach Springs  

Peach Springs is a post office, a market, a motel and restaurant, and some tribal offices.
  The highway climbs over a small divide, and then along the Aubrey Cliffs. After rounding the corner of the Aubrey Cliffs, one comes to Seligman, all done up in historic Route 66 regalia and miscellaneous kitsch. Lots of tourists and tour busses here. I got on I-40 at Seligman, stopped at Ash Fork to pee, and then went on to Williams.
  Cruised the old town of Williams, and then went out to the highway to get gas.
  The road north from Williams to Grand Canyon mostly traverses a high rolling plateau with little of interest, right up to the edge of the chasm itself.
  The Grand Canyon was very nice weather-wise, temperatures in the 70s, but full of tourists as you might imagine.
  The condors were there also; I saw four roosting on the cliffs, and several more in flight.
  I stopped to take a photograph of the El Tovar Hotel (#2) because Alice Eastwood collected Frasera albomarginata there in 1913. Now the hotel is surrounded by lawn and tourist-encrusted sidewalks.

Other articles: Frasera albomarginata by Alice Eastwood
Full Size ImageGrand Canyon Railroad.
Full Size ImageEl Tovar Hotel at Grand Canyon  

Miss Eastwood probably arrived on the Santa Fe Railroad from the main line at Williams, Arizona. Today, that branch line is operated as the Grand Canyon Railroad. They were running two trains, one pulled by a 2-8-0 steam engine (#3), and the other by a diesel. I watched the steam engine depart, and then made my way to other vistas.

Other articles: Frasera albomarginata at Rowes Well

Locations: Rowes Well.
Full Size ImageThe Rowe Well entrance to Grand Canyon National Park  

I also tried to visit Rowe's Well, a nearby place, where someone else collected Frasera albomarginata in 1938. However, now the site looks to be privately owned, and well locked up. I had a nice drive in the woods, with some nice short walks, but I couldn't find my little plant.

Full Size ImageLocked Gate  
However, while reviewing maps after my return home, I discovered that I was never at Rowe's Well, but at another location several miles south of Rowe's Well.
 

Saturday, May 31st.

 

Other articles: US Highway 180 080000
Full Size ImageSan Francisco Peaks from US Highway 180.  

View of San Francisco Peaks from US Highway 180

Other articles: Arizona Highway Alternate-89 20000

Locations: Oak Creek Canyon.
Full Size ImageOak Creek Canyon from Overlook  

View of Oak Creek Canyon from the Overlook.

Other articles: Arizona Highway Alternate-89 at Midgely Bridge Frasera albomarginata in Oak Ck Cyn
Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata habitat in Oak Creek Canyon … but, no Frasera albomarginata  

No Frasera albomarginata here.
  Benson Arizona, a town that exists because it's where the Southern Pacific crossed the San Pedro River in the 1880's. Benson was the name of the first railroad agent in town. Down river a few miles is St. David, the first white settlement in this area, settled by a contingent of Mormon farmers sent from Salt Lake City.
  I'm ensconced in this garden spot after a day's drive from the Grand Canyon, by way of Oak Creek Canyon (#1) and Sedona (to look for Frasera albomarginata) and by way of Phoenix, because there was no way to get here without going through the 60 miles (100 km) of that sprawling metropolis.
 

Sunday, June 1st.

 

Other articles: North Johnson Road 29800 Frasera albomarginata in southeastern Arizona
Full Size ImageJohnson Mine and Little Dragoon Mountains  

Left Benson this morning, headed east up I-10 for Dragoon Summit, and the former town of Johnson. On the way I detoured through Dragoon in time to see a westbound freight. Found the Amerind Museum, recommended by Pat P., but the hour was 800 AM and the sign gave the hours as 10 to 4, closed Mondays. Would like to have seen it, as the restaurant cashier also recommended it. Headed north to Johnson but, here, I ran into locked gates at all three roads north from I-10. The Johnson Mine, which appeared to be in the middle of my route to the Little Dragoon Mountains, was locked up tight, and not a soul in sight. Maybe on a weekday I could have obtained permission to pass through, but not today. The mountains above the mine appeared to be Pinyons and Junipers on limestone, the right environment for Frasera albomarginata.

Other articles: North Cascabel Road 70000
Full Size ImageLooking south toward Benson from Cascabel Road  

So Plan B was to go back to Benson, and go north up Pomerene and Cascabel Roads. "Cascabel" is Spanish for "rattlesnake." I and then turned east on 3 Links Road, headed for the 3 Links Ranch, trying to find another location. At the little pass there was limestone and a *few* Junipers, so I did the routine of stopping every 1/2 mile and walking a little figure 8 path on both sides of the road. Found lots of interesting stuff, but not my little plants.

Other articles: North Cascabel Road at 3 Links Rd
Full Size ImageIntersection of Cascabel and Three Links Roads  

Intersection of Cascabel Road and Three Links Road.

Other articles: Three Links Road near summit Frasera albomarginata at Hookers Hot Springs
Full Size ImageVegetation at summit of 3 Links Road  

Vegetation at summit of 3 Links Road.

Other articles: Three Links Road near summit Frasera albomarginata at Hookers Hot Springs
Full Size ImageVegetation at summit of 3 Links Road  

Other articles: Three Links Road 45000 Frasera albomarginata at Hookers Hot Springs
Full Size ImageTruck speeds along 3 Links Road.  

Other articles: US Highway 191 85000
Full Size ImageUS Highway 191 north from US I-10.  

About Noon, I marked it off as another Snipe Hunt and went on to Willcox, then north to Safford, then northeast to Clifton and Morenci, a huge copper mine still in operation.

Other articles: US Highway 191 79890
Full Size ImageMorenci Copper mine from the south.  

View of Clifton-Morenci mines from the south.

Other articles: US Highway 191 in Clifton
Full Size ImageRailyard in Clifton  

View of rail yard in Clifton.

Other articles: US Highway 191 in Clifton
Full Size ImageSmall tank locomotive on display in Clifton  

Locomotive on display in Clifton.

Other articles: US Highway 191 Clifton

Locations: Clifton.
Full Size ImageMain street in Clifton.  

Main street in Clifton.

Other articles: US Highway 191 in Clifton
Full Size ImageCatholic church in Clifton  

Catholic church in Clifton.

Other articles: US Highway 191 between Clifton and Morenci
Full Size ImageUS Highway 191 between Clifton and Morenci  

Highway between Clifton and Morenci.

Other articles: US Highway 191 above Morenci
Full Size ImageCopper mill along US Highway 191  

Copper mill above Morenci.

Other articles: US Highway 191 79750
Full Size ImageOpen pit at Morenci Copper Mine
Full Size ImageOpen pit at Morenci Copper Mine  

Watched the shovels and huge mine trucks (#1) for while I ate a sandwich and then set off north on US Hwy 191.
  This is the highway that used to be Highway 666. Of course, someone took offense at having a highway numbered the Number of the Beast, so our Federal government split it up into Highways 191 and 491. Today's portion of Highway 191 was a long slow drive through the mountains. The road was high enough for there to be small patches of snow along the road. I think this area is called the Mogollon Rim, which is the southwest edge of the Colorado Plateau.

Other articles: US Highway 191 near Four Bar Mesa

Locations: Four Bar Mesa.
Full Size ImageFour Bar Mesa  

View of Four Bar Mesa to the north.
  Settled for the night at a very nice, little USFS campground called Hannagan Meadow (#2). This looks to be a recreation site for hikers, riders, and cross-country skiing in the winter.
 

Monday, June 2nd.

 

Other articles: US Highway 191 Hannagan Meadow

Locations: Hannagan Meadow.
Full Size ImageHannagan Meadow  

This morning I left Hannagan Meadow, and headed north, going through Alpine, Springerville, and St. Johns before arriving at Petrified Forest National Park. There are a few collections of Frasera albomarginata from here. Again I did the Figure 8 Snipe Hunt Routine every half mile, or anythere that looked possible. No Snipe. Asked a Ranger, but learned that they have Law Enforcement Rangers here, not Interpretive Rangers or (heaven forbid!) a biologist on staff. Their volunteer "wildflower lady" had a nice poster in the Museum, but not with my little plant. This little guy was the prettiest thing I found (#3). Had a nice lunch, though, overlooking the Painted Desert.

Other articles: US Highway 191 near Hannagan Mdw
Full Size ImagePlaque for the Clifton-Springerville Highway.  

  • Clifton-Springerville Highway
  • "The Coronado Trail"
  • Dedicated June 19, 1926
  • Other articles: US Highway 191 near Alpine
    Full Size ImageView southeast toward Alpine.  

    After having passed through Alpine I stopped for this photo looking back southeast toward the town.

    Other articles: US Highway 191 near Alpine
    Full Size ImageCountryside west of Alpine, Arizona  

    Looking the other way is this fine pastoral view.

    Other articles: US Highway 191 northwest of Springerville
    Full Size ImageCountryside northwest of Springerville.  

    View of Springerville from rest stop to the northwest of town.

    Other articles: US Highway 180 near Little Colorado River
    Full Size ImageLittle Colorado River  

    Stopped for a look at the Little Colorado River.

    Other articles: Petrified Forest Road near S. Entrance Visitor Ctr Frasera albomarginata at Petrified Forest Natl Pk
    Full Size ImageSouth entrance of Petrified Forest National Park.  

    South entrance visitor center.

    Other articles: Petrified Forest Road near south entrance Frasera albomarginata at Petrified Forest Natl Pk
    Full Size ImageHey baby! … want a date?  

    Collared lizard in breeding plumage. This was his rock, and he wasn't going to leave it, even for me.

    Other articles: Petrified Forest Road near south entrance Frasera albomarginata at Petrified Forest Natl Pk
    Full Size ImageLake beds near south entrance.  

    Other articles: Petrified Forest Road in middle of park Frasera albomarginata at Petrified Forest Natl Pk
    Full Size ImageHigher area with a few junipers  

    Stopped in an area with a few junipers to look for Frasera albomarginata.

    Other articles: Petrified Forest Road 15000
    Full Size ImagePainted Desert at north end of Petrified Forest National Park.  

    After lunch I headed east, and north, then west, and north, then east, and north, then west, and ... well you get the idea ... through Ganado where I stopped for a short time at the Hubbell Trading Post National Monument. Lot of stuff for sale, and very squeeky floors. Then on to Chinle, where I plan to settle for the night.

    Other articles: US Highway 191 near Ganado
    Full Size ImageHubbell Trading Post National Historic Site  

    Locations: Canyon de Chelly.
    Full Size ImageView of Canyon de Chelly from the south rim.  

    Arriving at Chinle in late afternoon, I drove the south rim road of Canyon de Chelly, stopping at every overlook to look down into the canyon. At first the canyon did not seem so deep. But, the last overlook I did, Sliding House Overlook (#4), was signed as being a 700 foot sheer cliff.
      Back in Chinle, I tried to enter my room at the Best (or Worst) Western, and discovered that my room key would not work. Went back to the office and requested a functional key, went back to "my" room and surprised a guy sound asleep with the TV on. Realizing that I should have asked for a functional key for vacant room, I went back to the office, made the request, and received such an assignment.
      For dinner I went to the local cafe, and ordered the house special, the Mutton Stew. Years ago when staying at the Hopi Cultural Center, I ordered this delicacy and received a bowl of warm water, a lamb chunk, 6 or so garbanzo beans, and a couple of slices of potato. This was accompanied by a whole baked chile wrapped in aluminum foil.
      However, the Navajo version of Mutton Stew seems to have a little more substance, as it was an overflowing bowl of chunks of lamb, celery, potato and carrot. I think I may have found a snippet of onion, but that's debatable. No food is served with a knife so the chunks must be gnawed off, or eaten one chunk at a time. The flavor was not bad, it was just really bland. When no one was looking, I added a tiny bit of salt which helped immensely. Maybe next time, I'll bring my own garlic. The stew was served with choice of fry bread or Navajo tortilla. I learned that a Navajo tortilla is fry bread that has been grilled instead of deep fat fried. In deference to my cardiologist I went with the Navajo tortilla. It was a lot of food, and I observed no skinny people of any ethnic origin in the place.
     

    Tuesday, June 3rd

     
      The motel where I'm staying is workman's motel, so all the workmen were out early, clanging their tools, revving their engines, and testing their backup alarms (they all worked). I got up and went to the restaurant and discovered it wouldn't open for another half hour. Now I knew why the workmen got up, loaded their trucks, and went out to get gas for the day. I decided to emulate a working man, and took my truck down to the Gas'n'Go (per the Robert Earle Keen song), to get gas and check my tires. Getting gas was OK, but the pressure generated by the air machine turned out to be less than the pressure in my tires (45 psi is the target pressure). Consequently, my tires had less air than when I started. The next station, the Conoco/Giant had an "Out of Service" air machine, a good idea but short on execution, and the last gas station in the lineup did not even bother with the pretense of having air for its customers.
      This is not why I carry a little air compressor, but it turned out to be a good thing to have. So I went back to the motel, parked in the line of workmen's trucks waiting for the restaurant to open, got out my little air compressor, and proceeded to pump up my tires. This created a small stir, and a little attention from the workmen, but a good time was had by all.
      Leaving Chinle, I headed north through some wide open country with a shack and a hogan now and then, then over to Four Corners. I took a photo for a family. and they offered to take one of me, but I declined. Somehow, though, my camera had a photo of this dorky lookin' dude, standing mostly in Colorado with a small toehold in Utah (#5).

    Other articles: US Highway 160 near TeecNosPos
    Full Size ImageArea of Teec Nos Pos, Arizona  

    Other articles: US Highway 160 near Four Corners

    Locations: Four Corners.
    Full Size ImageMostly in Colorado … with a small toehold in Utah.  

    Other articles: US Highway 160 near Four Corners

    Locations: Four Corners.
    Full Size ImageFour Corners Monument Navajo Tribal Park  

    Other articles: US Highway 160 south of Towaoc
    Full Size ImageMontezuma Valley, south of Towaoc, Ute Mountain Indian Reservation  

    Montezuma Valley south of Towaoc.

    Full Size ImageMancos Valley view from Mesa Verde  
    Onward to Mesa Verde National Park, from which the view of Mancos Valley with the San Juan Mountains in the distance was very pretty.
      The park botanist admitted she had seen Frasera albomarginata in the park, but would not tell me where, and would have to accompany me there anyway, and she could not do that today. Eventually it came out that Weatherill Mesa was the place. Well, that was about an hour and a half drive in and more time to get out, so I decided to tuck my little nugget of information away for another trip. Besides, I told my wife that I would save (good) places for her to go with me. One place we haven't been in Mesa Verde is Weatherill Mesa, which has good tours of cliff dwellings in addition to ... you know what.

    Locations: Pleasant View.
    Full Size ImagePleasant View, Colorado  

    From Mesa Verde back to Cortez, Colorado, and then northeast to a town now called Pleasant View, but used to be called Ackmen. Someone collected Frasera albomarginata 8 miles west of Ackmen. This is very close to the Lowry Ruin. I think Lowry was a famous archeologist with the University of Chicago and his team excavated many sites in this area during the 1920s and 1930s.

    Other articles: Montezuma County Road CC at Road 7.25

    Locations: Lowry Pueblo Ruins.
    Full Size ImageInterpretive sign at Lowry Ruin.  

    I examined the Lowry Ruin, and found it to be very interesting. There are two kivas you can enter.

    Other articles: Montezuma County Road CC near Lowry Ruin
    Full Size ImageMontezuma County Road CC crosses Cow Canyon west of Lowry Ruin  

    Other articles: Montezuma County Road CC near Lowry Ruin Frasera albomarginata near Lowry Ruin
    Full Size ImagePrime Frasera albomarginata habitat in road cut.  

    533  Then I went a little further down the road and found Frasera albomarginata in the cut bank of this road (#7). Not anywhere else, just in the cut bank area of the road, in very poor, almost ashy soil.
      I made no collection here, but the location is approximately 9 miles west of Pleasant View, Colorado, on Montezuma County Road CC, just past Road 7.25 that goes to Lowry Ruin, 37.58825N, 108.91966W.

    Other articles: Montezuma County Road CC at Cty Rd 10 Montezuma County Road 10 at CR CC Frasera albomarginata just west of Lowry Ruin, Colorado
    Full Size ImageView northeast of Pleasant View.  

    Locations: Hovenweep National Monument. Hovenweep National Monument.
    Full Size ImageView south of Little Ruin Canyon  

    From there I followed a minor road to Hovenweep National Park. The walking tour was about two miles, and quite interesting (#8). But the park has little biting midges that swarm all around you, and the bites leave a welt in a red area. Hurts, and very ugly. I discovered they didn't like sunscreen, so I slathered that all over, but they were getting in my eyes, my ears, anywhere that didn't have sunscreen. I've run into these once in Mojave National Preserve. Anyway, the midges are not active after dark, so most of the campers, including me, were in their tents, cars, or campers until the sun went down.
     

    Wednesday, June 4th

     

    Other articles: Hovenweep Road near Alkali Creek
    Full Size ImageCanyon near Alkali Creek.  

    This morning, I left Hovenweep early, chased out by the biting midges. From there west to White Mesa and north to Blanding, Utah, I did the Figure 8 Snipe Hunt Routine, wherever the area looked like it could be Frasera albomarginata habitat, as there are several collections from this area. Found neither Frasera albomarginata nor Snipe.
      I stopped in Blanding for gas and groceries. I need ice for the icebox every day when it is hot, like in the 90s, and less often if it is cooler. There was a marked absence of beer in the market. When I asked the grocery clerk, she said Blanding was a dry town. But at the Gas'n'Go three miles south of town, they sell beer. It was on my way, so I stopped there, and bought a six-pack of Wagging Tale Ale. I thought I would be ready to give a report on its quality, but since I'm not camping tonite, the report will have to wait for another time.
      Then headed east toward Lake Powell. The road passed by Natural Bridges National Park, but I am saving that for another trip. My objective, if a retired person can be seriously thought of as having an objective, was another collection made at the Sunrise Trailhead into the Dark Hollow Wilderness near Squaw and Papoose Rock (#9). Getting into the vicinity was about 12 miles of dirt roads under threatening skies. I made a few wrong turns, corrected myself, and found Frasera albomarginata growing in the middle of a clump of cactus alongside the road (#10).

    Other articles: Utah Highway 95 near Comb Ridge
    Full Size ImageComb Creek from Highway 95  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 95 near Comb Ridge
    Full Size ImageMonocline west of Comb Ridge  

    Comb Ridge

    Other articles: Utah Highway 95 59998
    Full Size ImageCommerative sign about Battle of Paiute Pass  

    Battle of Paiute Pass.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 95 in White Canyon, UT
    Full Size ImageView northwest (down) White Canyon  

    View down White Canyon to the northwest.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata at the Sundance Trailhead Utah Highway 95 along White Canyon Fortknocker Canyon Road at Jacks Loop Rd
    Full Size ImageWhich way to go? Junction of Fortknocker Canyon and Jacks Loop Roads
    Full Size ImageMap showing collections of Frasera albomarginata near Squaw and Papoose Rock  

    Just north of the bridge over White Canyon, I turned off of Utah Highway 95 to the east. The DeLorme atlas identifies this as Horse Tanks Road. Later, I would learn that this is White Canyon North Road.

    White Canyon North Road winds around a bit, then drops over a small ridge to join with Fortknocker Canyon Road. I stayed on Fortknocker Canyon Road headed to the southeast, until I came to another fork in the road.

    Most of the roads out here are numbered, with black letters on a white Carsonite posts. For example, the road in the photo at left was Road 2641. These are county unique road numbers. So far, the only place I have seen these numbers is in the Streets data from the Utah State Geographic Information Database (SGID).

    By accident I detoured on Jacks Loop Road (B2641). Here I had lunch while I watched the weather deteriorate. After lunch, I continued on around Jacks Loop where I joined Wooden Shoe Road, although at the time I thought it was Squaw Rock Road. It seemed to be heading toward Squaw and Papoose Rock, so I stayed on it until I saw Frasera albommarginata along the road.

    Other articles: Wooden Shoe Road near Squaw and Papoose Rock

    Locations: Squaw and Papoose Rock.
    Full Size ImageSquaw and Papoose Rock from the southwest.  

    View of Squaw and Papoose Rock from the southwest.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata near Squaw and Papoose Rock
    Full Size ImageLocation of Collection No. 532 of Frasera albomarginata near Squaw and Papoose Rock.
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata habitat near Squaw and Papoose Rock. Location of Collection No. 532.  

    532  #532 37.83810N, 110.20411W, 11 miles from Utah Highway 24 by way of Road 2081 and Road 256, near the turnoff to the Sunrise Trailhead.
    Full Size Image
    Collection No. 532, Frasera albomarginata

    Other articles: Wooden Shoe Road near Squaw and Papoose Rock

    Locations: Squaw and Papoose Rock.
    Full Size ImageSquaw and Papoose Rock from the northeast  

    View of Squaw and Papoose Rock from northeast.
      This would be a new locality for the plant, as the previous collections were made a few miles further on. Of course, as you might expect, it started to rain just as I found the little plants. In my head is the possibility of 12 miles of wet, sticky red roads back to the highway. Fortunately, the rain held off enough, so that my windshield wipers were on intermittent, while the truck was still raising dust from the road.

    Locations: Colorado River.  

    From there, I crossed the Colorado River at Hite. The river is just entering Lake Powell here, but you can see the "bathtub ring" of the highwater mark that must be 50 to 80 feet higher that the lake surface now.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 95 near Hite Bridge
    Full Size ImageColorado River just below the Hite bridge.  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 95 near Hite
    Full Size ImageHite Bridge  

    Crossed the Hite Bridge, and then stopped on the north side for this photo.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 95 at viewpoint across from Hite
    Full Size ImageHite Bridge from highway overlook.  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 95 near Hite
    Full Size ImageHite from highway overlook.  

      From Hite the road goes to Hanksville. I was thinking of staying at an RV Park in Hanksville, or maybe Goblin Valley State Park. However, the skies were very dark, the sand was blowing over the road. I decided to head for Green River, and a motel. Good idea, as lightning was striking Beckwith Plateau as I went by, and it started to rain just as I was unloading the truck. It rained hard for about an hour and a half, and I can still hear the thunder out there. I'm sure glad I'm not out there in the wind, dust, and rain. And, the Wagging Tale Ale can wait.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 24 18000
    Full Size ImageSmall butte highlighted by sun through storm clouds.  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 24 along UT Hwy 24

    Locations: San Rafael Swell.
    Full Size ImageTilted sediments at southeastern edge of San Rafael Swell  

    Tilted sediments on southeastern edge of San Rafael Swell in a rain storm.
      Tomorrow, my plans were to go north on US Hwy 6, making stops at Beckwith Plateau (dirt road), Mounds (dirt road), Miller Canyon (dirt road) and end at Scofield Reservoir (paved road). The forecast is for continued storms in the morning, but clearing in the afternoon. I'll just have to see how the roads are in the morning.
     

    Thursday, June 5th

     
      It was still raining in the morning, but the forecast was for clearing skies after Noon. After breakfast, I stayed in my room, doing whatever paperwork or computer work would occur to me. That filled about a half hour, and it was still raining lightly. I was looking at the weather data, and Hanksville got 0.18 inch of rain, and Price got 0.40 inch of rain.
      Across the street is the John Wesley Powell Museum. This Powell was the first recorded person to have followed the Green and Colorado River from Green River, Wyoming, through the Grand Canyon, to the Virgin River in Nevada. They had a nice video, some pretty good displays, and some of the old boats that people took through the canyon. There was also a River Runner's Hall of Fame showing various people whose innovations made travel through the river easier or safer.
      Having stretched out the museum to the maximum, I went to the Gas'n'Go for some gas, then headed north on US Hwy 6 for Price. Beckwith Plateau was still under a few clouds as I went by (#1). The rain had stopped by this time, and there were patches of sun. Along the way I stopped briefly to test one dirt road. Parts of it were OK, but there were long stretches of mud. At Woodside was the turnoff for Beckwith Plateau. Somone else had already traversed that road and made a mess of it, so I decided that it would have to be saved for another trip.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 just north of I-70
    Full Size ImageBeckwith Plateau as seen from the south, near Green River, Utah  

    Just after starting up US Highway 6 from Interstate 70, I stopped at a small rise for some photography.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 near Interstate 70

    Locations: San Rafael Swell.
    Full Size ImageSan Rafael Swell, southeast edge, in the morning sun.  

    View of the southeast edge of the San Rafael Swell.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 at EM401
    Full Size ImageGreen River Cut-Off Road  

    Stopped to look at the Green River Cut-Off (EM401). Even drove a little bit of it that was gravelled. As soon as the gravel ran out, though, the road was too muddy for me to continue. In the distance you can see the top of Cedar Mountain, where I will be tomorrow.
      In the eastern Mojave the roads are mostly made of granite sands, or of limestone gravel. They tend not to get muddy with just the little bit of rain that fell last night. In this part of Utah, though, the roads have major portions made of clay and coal that make a sticky, gooey mess when wet.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 in Woodside
    Full Size ImageProfile of Beckwith Plateau seen from Woodside, Utah  

      Continued north towards Mounds. I got to one turnoff, and was scared off by the Impassible During Storm sign. The second turnoff was blocked by construction equipment as another lane is being added to this part of US Highway 6. The map showed another little road heading back toward Mounds from Wellington. While I was checking it out, someone blew by in a little Toyota, or a Honda, and went speeding down that road. I followed. Had to traverse a few muddy areas, but eventually arrived at Mounds. Mounds is not a place where Frasera albomarginata occurs. It is open grassland. To be fair, Marcus E. Jones' description for his collection location was "near Mounds." He didn't day how near. Across the tracks were some Junipers, so I drove over there, across the muddy top of a small earthen dam, to see what I could find. The habitat just did not look right over here, just too much grass (#2). Returned back across the dam, then back to the highway, and on to Price.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 near Wellington
    Full Size ImageWellington, Utah, from the east.  

    View of Wellington, Utah, from beside US Highway 6.

    Locations: Mounds.
    Full Size ImageMounds, Utah, on the Union Pacific Railroad.  

    View of Mounds station on the Union Pacific Railroad.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata near Mounds

    Locations: Mounds.
    Full Size ImageGeneral view of Mounds, Utah  

    General view of Mounds. The Mounds station on the Union Pacific is at the railroad in the middle ground.
      In Price I had lunch in the main city park. Adjacent to the park was the city pool with one of those wave making machines. The machine makes a very low frequency heavy vibration that I was not aware of at first, but after a while it gets very irritating.
      From Price I drove up the canyon past Helper and then turned on the highway to Scofield. My objective here was another Marcus E. Jones collection, this one in "Miller Canyon." I found Miller Canyon, but it was locked tight. The habitat doesn't look right either. It's up in the higher elevations where sagebrush gives was to aspens.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 at south side of Helper

    Locations: Helper.
    Full Size ImageComing into Helper, Utah, on US Highway 6  

    Other articles: UT Highway 96 north of Scofield Reservoir

    Locations: Scofield Reservoir.
    Full Size ImageNorth end of Scofield Reservoir.  

    Other articles: UT Highway 96 north of Scofield Reservoir

    Locations: Scofield Reservoir.
    Full Size ImageNorth end of Scofield Reservoir.  

    Entering Helper on US Highway 6.

    Other articles: UT Highway 96 in Scofield

    Locations: Scofield.
    Full Size ImageInterpretive Display in Scofield  

    Scofield: One of Utah's First Coal Towns
    Founded in 1879 -- a few years after coal was discovered in Pleasant Valley, Scofield was one of the earliest coal mining towns in Utah. With a number of mines in the vicinity providing employment, Scofield boasted nearly 2,000 citizens in its heydey. Miners and their families also lived in surrounding communities.
    Scofield was the center of mining activity in Pleasant Valley from 1879 until the 1920s. After that, mining activity dwindled, and the town's population declined to only a few hundred. Mining in the area has made a comeback, possible leading to a re-birth of this picturesque high-county community.

    Other articles: UT Highway 96 near Scofield
    Full Size ImageInterpretive Display about the Winter Quarters Mine Disaster  

    Winter Quarters: Portrait of a Disaster
    Located up a canyon west of here, Winter Quarters was a small mining community founded about the same time as Scofield. At 10:25 a. m. on May 1, 1900, miners outside shaft No. 4 of the Winter Quarters Mine heard a dull thud. Experienced miners knew there had been an explosion. Working in coal dust sometimes ankle-deep, 199 of the 312 men inside the mine were quickly overcome by lethal gas produced when the dust was ignited by the explosion.
    The Winter Quarters tradegy was the deadliest coal mine accident in U. S. history to that time. It left 107 widows, and 268 children fatherless, affecting virtually every family in Winter Quarters and Scofield. In spite of the disaster, the burning portion of the mine was sealed off and, after appropriate condolences to the families, surviving miners went back to work. The mines produced for another thirty years.

    Other articles: UT Highway 96 in Scofield
    Full Size ImageScofield Cemetary  

    Scofield Cemetary across town.

    Other articles: Field Notes 24-Feb-09 at CAS Frasera albomarginata near Scofield Res. UT Highway 96 at Long Canyon Road

    Locations: Miller Canyon.
    Full Size ImageEntrance to Miller Canyon.  

      This makes four Marcus E. Jones collections that have something unusual (suspect?) about the location; the collections at Mounds and Scofield, a collection said to be from near Parker, AZ, and one from northern Elko County, Nevada. I think I need to do some more research on where Jones collected, by putting together the series of collections made on adjacent dates.
      Regardless, I continued into the semi-ghost town of Scofield. It's pretty ramshackle, with a new or nicely cared-for house here and there. I found the memorial plaques for the Winter Quarters mine disaster that Utah Philips talked and sang about on his CD with Ani DiFranco. Then I returned back down the canyon to Helper.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 at Helper

    Locations: Helper.
    Full Size ImageMain Street, Helper, Utah  

    In Helper (#3), a long-time coal mining and railroad town, is the Western Railroad and Mining Museum. It occupies four stories, well actually three stories and the basement of an old hotel in Helper. There are also numerous pieces of mining equipment on display outside the building. This is a privately-funded museum, but it's one of the better ones, for the extensive collections.
      After leaving Helper, it was time to find a place to stay for the night. I settled at Huntington Reservoir State Park, a nicely kept campground, picnic ground, boat ramp, and swimming beach. I only did the camping part, no swimming as it was very windy, and quite cool.
     

    Friday June 6th

     

    Other articles: Utah Highway 10 north of Huntington

    Locations: Huntington Lake.
    Full Size ImageView across Huntington Reservoir in the early morning.  

    This morning was clear and calm. Across the Huntington Reservoir was a pretty view with a coal-fired power plant (#4); another reminder that central Utah is coal country, something that the local talk station, KOAL, won't let you forget.

    Other articles: EM206 on Cedar Mountain

    Locations: San Rafael Swell.
    Full Size ImageView west off of Cedar Mountain.  

    After leaving Huntington Reservoir, I headed straight east for a place called Cedar Mesa. Cedar Mesa is also west of there I was yesterday, so I am kind of zig-zagging through this area called the San Rafael Swell. Drove 18 miles to the top of the mesa, collecting beautiful views, but nothing else. On the way back down, though, I spied some likely Frasera albomarginata habitat, and sure enough there it was.

    Literature Cited:
    - Bureau of Land Management, 2006.

    Other articles: EM206 at Overlook

    Locations: Point of Cedar Mountain. San Rafael Swell.  

    View from Overlook.
    Full Size Image
    View to south of San Rafael Swell from Cedar Mountain Overlook

    Other articles: EM206 at Cedar Mountain Overlook

    Locations: Beckwith Plateau.
    Full Size ImageBeckwith Plateau from Cedar Mountain Overlook  

    View of Beckwith Plateau to the southeast from Cedar Mountain Overlook.

    Literature Cited:
    - Bureau of Land Management, 2006.  

    This is a new collection locality in my list of places where S. a. is found. While I was at it, I collected other plants growing with the S. a., Caulanthus (wild cabbage), Physaria (twinpod), Penstemon, Ipomopsis (Skyrocket), an Oenothera (Evening Primrose) and a couple of composites.

    Other articles: EM206 on Cedar Mountain
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata habitat.  

    Other articles: EM206 near Wimmer Flat
    Full Size ImageUp the road from the Frasera albomarginata locality.  

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata on Cedar Mountain EM206 near the south end of Wimmer Flat
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata on Cedar Mountain  

    Habitat south of the road. There is a Frasera albomarginata growing in the road berm in center foreground.

    Other articles: EM206 near the south end of Wimmer Flat
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata on Cedar Mountain  

    Habitat north of the road.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata on Cedar Mountain EM206 near Wimmer Flat
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata on Cedar Mountain
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata on Cedar Mountain  

    534  534 Frasera albomarginata

    Other articles: EM206 near Wimmer Flat
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 535, Cryptantha, at Wimmer Flat on San Rafael Swell, Utah
    Full Size ImageColl. No. 535, Cryptantha  

    535  Yellow Cryptantha.

    Wimmer Flat, Emery County, Utah. On Cedar Mountain, northern San Rafael Swell, at south edge of Wimmer Flat, along Emery County Route 206, 9.1 miles east of intersection of EM 206 and EM215, 39.2206°N, 110.6788°W. WGS1984 Elev. 2191 m. Perennial. Growing with Frasera albomarginata Boraginaceae

    Coll. No. 535, keyed 24 Jan 2013, characters observed: Perennial, to 20 cm., short straight appressed hairs, longer pustular hairs; Leaves, 5 cm., oblanceolate, entire, pustular hairy on adaxial surface only; Inflorescence subcapitate, 4 cm.; Calyx lobes 5, 8 mm., short appressed white, long yellow pustular; Corolla tube elongate, surpassing calyx, 9 mm. + lobes (5) 2.5 mm. = 11.5 mm., throat with intruded appendages; Style 9 mm., from top of ovary; Stigma 1, sort of a muffin-top shape; Stamens 5, included, 2 mm.; Filaments fused to corolla tube; Nutlets rugose (?), not developed well enough to key; Keyed in Welch, et al., 1993.

    Other articles: EM206 near Wimmer Flat
    Full Size ImageColl. No. 536, Tetraneuris acaulis var. arizonica
    Full Size ImageColl. No. 536, Tetraneuris acaulis var. arizonica  

    536  Composite, same as Coll. No. 543.

    Tetraneuris acaulis (Pursh) Greene var. arizonica (Greene) K. F. Parker.

    Wimmer Flat, Emery County, Utah. on Cedar Mountain, at south edge of Wimmer Flat, along Emery County Route 206, 9.1 miles east of intersection of EM 206 and EM215, 29 km east of Castle Dale, Utah. 39.2206°N, 110.6788°W. WGS1984 Elev. 2191 m. with Frasera albomarginata. Characters consistent with var. nana per Welch (1993), which is a synonym for var. arizonica per FNA (vol. 21, 2006).

    Coll. No. 536, 6 June 2008, characters observed while keying: Perennial, caespitose, tap-rooted, scapose, to 5 cm.; Leaves, 14 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, linear-oblanceolate, margins entire, both surfaces hairy and punctate; Peduncle, 15 mm.; Inflorescence, solitary heads; Phyllaries, in 2 ±equal series, 5 mm., hairy; Rays, blade partially developed, prominent veins becoming visible.

    Full Size Image
    Coll. No. 536, Tetraneuris acaulis var. arizonica

    Full Size ImageCollection No. 537, Penstemon carnosus, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 537, Penstemon carnosus, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.  
    537  Penstemon Pennell. Fleshy Penstemon. on Cedar Mountain, at south edge of Wimmer Flat, along Emery County Route 206, 9.1 miles east of intersection of EM 206 and EM215, 28 km east of Castle Dale, Utah. with Frasera albomarginata. 6/6/2008 Wimmer Flat, Emery County, Utah. (Alameda).

    Full Size ImageCollection No. 537, Penstemon carnosus, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.  

    1'. Anthers sacs dehiscing throughout their length … dehiscing from the distal end and remaining indehiscent at the apex …

    2(1). Anther sacs opening … the full length … the connective indehiscent … Key 2.

    Other articles: Glossary crisped  

    Key 2.

    1'. Corolla not red, some shade of blue, lavender, or pink.

    3(1)'. Anthers pubescent on surface …

    13(3)'. Anthers .. Hardly woolly.

    15(13)'. Anthers … straight hairs shorter than the width of the sac

    21(15)'. Herbage glabrous or nearly so … not of Unita Basin. --22

    22(21)'. Leaf margins not noticeably crisped. -- 23

    23(22)'. … anther sacs diverging at nearly 180 degrees, dehiscing fully (but not across the connective) --- leads to P. subglaber which doesn’t look correct.


    Full Size ImageCollection No. 538, Caulanthus crassicaulis, from Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 538, Caulanthus crassicaulis, from Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 538, Caulanthus crassicaulis, from Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.  
    538  538 Streptanthus
    Full Size Image
    Collection No. 538, Caulanthus crassicaulis, from Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

    Full Size ImageCollection No. 539, Ipomopsis aggregata, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 539, Ipomopsis aggregata, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 539, Ipomopsis aggregata, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.  
    539  539 Ipomopsis

    Full Size ImageCollection No. 540, Physaria chambersi, from Cedar Mtn, Emery County, Utah
    Full Size ImageCollection No, 540, Physaria chambersi, from Cedar Mtn, Emery County, Utah
    Full Size ImageCollection No, 540, Physaria chambersi, from Cedar Mtn, Emery County, Utah  
    540  540 Physaria chambersii var. chambersii Chambers twinpod. Caudex simple (not diagnostic). Basal leaves are entire obovate, cauline leaves are oblanceolate and reduced (not diagnostic). Styles uniformly 2 mm (P. newberryi). Valves when immature tapering to base and obcordate in outline (P. chambersi). Colorado River drainage system (P. acutifolia).

    For comparison, look at L Mestman 21 May 1999, Physaria chambersii Rollins var. chambersii UVSC 03774. Don't look at CalPhotos, they look a lot different.

    Kimball T. Harper (03-153) 9 May 2003, collected Physaria intermedia (Maguire) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz, "Watson's bladderpod" UVSC 08234 at the nearby Cedar Rim Overlook, at BLM recreation site. However, this plant is constructed differently with longer petioles and much narrower leaves.

    Full Size Image
    Collection No, 540, Physaria chambersi, from Cedar Mtn, Emery County, Utah

    Full Size ImageCollection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.  
    541  Calylophus lavandulifolius (T. & G.) Raven. Lavender-Leaf Suncup.

    Wimmer Flat, Emery County, Utah. On Cedar Mountain, at south edge of Wimmer Flat, along Emery County Route 206, 9.1 miles east of intersection of EM 206 and EM215, 18 miles by air east of Castle Dale, Utah. 39.2206°N, 110.6788°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 2191 m. Growing with Frasera albomarginata.

    Coll. No. 541, keyed 11 Dec 2012, characters observed: Perennial, branched caudex; Stem pilose; Stipules 0; Leaves 6 mm x 2-3 mm wide, elliptical to oblanceolate, entire, pilose; Sepals 4, reflexed; Hypantheum 3.5 cm.; Petals 4, 2 cm., yellow; Stamens 8; Ovary tip projection 0; Stigma 4-lobed; Fruit: n/a; Seeds n/a.

    Full Size Image
    Collection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.
    Full Size Image
    Coll. No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius
    Full Size Image
    Collection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

    Other articles: Glossary decurrent Malphigian hairs
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 542, Astragalus kentrophyta, on Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 542, Astragalus kentrophyta, on Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.  

    542  Astragalus kentrophyta A. Gray var. tegetarius (S. Watson) Dorn. Mat Milkvetch or Mountain Kentrophyta.

    Mat-forming, leaflets spinulose, and decurrent along rachis. No sign of Malphigian hairs.

    Full Size Image
    Collection No. 542, Astragalus kentrophyta, on Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

    Other articles: EM206 near Wimmer Flat
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 543, Tetraneuris acaulis var. arizonica on Cedar Mountain.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 543, Tetraneuris acaulis var. arizonica on Cedar Mountain.  

    543  Tetraneuris acaulis (Pursh) Greene var. arizonica (Greene) K. F. Parker.

    Wimmer Flat, Emery County, Utah. On Cedar Mountain, at south edge of Wimmer Flat, along Emery County Route 206, 9.1 miles east of intersection of EM 206 and EM215, 18 air miles east of Castle Dale, Utah, 39.2206°N, 110.6788°W. WGS1984 Elev. 2191 m. with Frasera albomarginata.

    Coll. No. 543, 6 June 2008, characters observed while keying: Perennial, caespitose, scapose, to 13 cm.; Leaves, 20 mm., linear-oblanceolate, glandular-punctate, ±long-hairy; Inflorescence of both ray and disc flowers, scape 8 cm., heads solitary; Phyllaries in 2 ±equal series, 5 mm., villous-pillose, margins scarious; Ray flowers, yellow, blade 9 mm., reflexed, 3-4-tipped, veins prominent; Pappus of scales, 4, translucent; Achene hairy; West of continental divide.

      544 Frasera albomarginata

    Other articles: EM206 near Wimmer Flat
    Full Size ImageDown the road from the Frasera albomarginata locality.  

    View down the hill from Frasera albomarginata locality.

    Full Size ImageSheepherder in Castle Valley.  
    On the road off the mesa, I can across this sheep herder with his three dogs (#5).

    Other articles: Utah Highway 10 at Castle Dale

    Locations: Castle Dale.  

    Back off the mesa, I stopped for the daily daily supply in Castle Dale. As I was coming into town, there looked to be a grocery store off to the left, but I wasn't sure, because the sign on its facade was missing. So I drove through Castle Dale and, upon coming out the other end, decided that it must have been the only market in town. Turned around and headed back through town, and pulled into the market. I had lunch at the city park and then walked over to the Museum of the San Rafael. It was an interesting museum, had a lot of paleontology, because of the dinosaur digs nearby, and a few displays showing animals grouped by their life zones. But that was about all.
      Continued south and then took the Moore Cutoff up to I-70 on the San Rafael Swell. Stopped a couple of times to look for S. a. but didn't find it. However, at the Ghost Rock Rest Area, the little plant was growing in all the disturbed areas around the parking lot. It seems to like sand, when it has Calcium Carbonate, and it seems to do well in disturbed areas.

    Other articles: Moore Cut Off Road near Molen Reef
    Full Size ImageAlong Moore Cut Off Road  

    Other articles: Moore Cut Off Road about mid way
    Full Size ImageView east on Moore Cut Off Road.  

    Other articles: Moore Cut Off Road near US I-70
    Full Size ImageView west on Moore Cut Off Road.  

    Other articles: Moore Cut Off Road near US I-70
    Full Size ImageUS Interstate 70 at Exit 116, the "Moore Cut Off Road"  

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata at Ghost Rock Interstate 70 at Ghost Rock
    Full Size ImageCurbside habitat of Frasera albomarginata at Ghost Rock Rest Stop  

    Frasera albomarginata was growing right at curb side a the eastbound Ghost Rock Rest Stop.
      545  545 Frasera albomarginata, fairly common, short stature, open area 38.86219, -110.81161

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata at Ghost Rock
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata habitat at Ghost Rock  

    545  Frasera albomarginata habitat below the outhouse.

    Other articles: Interstate 70 at Ghost Rock Rest Stop east of Ghost Rock
    Full Size ImageUS Interstate 70 on San Rafael Swell east of Ghost Rock Rest Stop
    Full Size ImageView north from Ghost Rock Rest Stop  

    Anyway, from the eastbound rest stop, I had to go down the freeway 5 miles or so to the next interchange and then return to the west bound rest stop, where I found the species again.
      By now, it's time to think about where I would like to spend the night. I thought Capitol Reef National Park.
      So I drive I-70 west to Utah 72, south to Loa, got gas,

    Other articles: Utah Highway 72 in Pleasant Valley
    Full Size ImageParadise Valley from the north  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 72 in Pleasant Valley
    Full Size ImageParadise Valley from the north  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 72 at south end of Pleasant Valley
    Full Size ImageParadise Valley from the south  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 72 along summit of road
    Full Size ImageView southeast into South Desert and Capitol Reef National Park.  

      and then east to Capitol Reef, where the campground was full. Not deterred, I returned a few miles west to the Best Western where I am for the night.
     

    Saturday, June 7th.

     
      Last night at the Best Western was a group of French motorcyclists. I counted 24 people, but there may have been more. They flew to Las Vegas, rented Harley's and a couple of SUVs for support vehicles, and are touring the southwest, ending up back in Las Vegas after two weeks. A very nice group, and seemed to be having a good time, and they were picking up all the leather with embroidered wings, etc.
      This morning I started at Capitol Reef National Park, where I talked with the Deputy Chief for a time. He told me a couple of places to go, making a kind of circle down the park …

    Other articles: Road 1670 70000
    Full Size ImageView of top side of Capitol Reef.  

    Other articles: Road 1670 near Oyster Shell Reef
    Full Size ImageOyster Shell Reef on top of the Waterpocket Fold.  

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" on the switchbacks at Notom Rd
    Full Size ImageSwitchbacks on the Burr Trail
    Full Size ImageSwitchback on the Burr Trail Road  

    and then across the Burr Cattle Trail to Boulder City. I followed those directions. It was not too long of a ride. In the middle was a really steep set of switchbacks in the road, climbing up the back side of the Waterpocket monocline
      Pretty scary, but worth it because, just past the top were some Frasera albomarginata.

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" above Waterpocket Fold
    Full Size ImageLandscape above the Waterpocket Fold  

    View of landscape above the Waterpocket Fold.

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" in Capitol Reef Nat'l Park
    Full Size ImageOne of the few Frasera albomarginata that had been eaten.  

    One of the few Frasera albomarginata that had been eaten.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata near Capitol Reef Road 1668 "Burr Trail" in Capitol Reef Nat'l Park
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata habitat along the Burr Trail Road  

    Habitat.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata near Capitol Reef Road 1668 "Burr Trail" in Capitol Reef National Park
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata along the Burr Trail Road.
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 546, Frasera albomarginata, above Capitol Reef, Utah.  

    546  They were all along the roadside for the next three or four miles. When I came to the end of the park, I collected one. Unfortunately, though, right around the next bend of the road, was a sign for the Escalante-Grand Staircase National Monument. This national park was one of Bill Clinton's last acts while in office. So, now I have to figure out what to do with my little specimen. I couldn't very well stick it back in the ground. So, I decided to keep it with me, and maybe make a label with some vague location reference.

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" near Capitol Reef national Park
    Full Size ImageBurr Trail Road entrance to Capitol Reef National Park  

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" in the seam between parks
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata habitat  

    546  #546 Frasera albomarginata, four seen just outside Capitol Reef National Monument, 37.86323, -111.07716, 2010 m.

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" near Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
    Full Size ImageEntrance to Grand Staircase - Escalante National Monument  

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" inside park border
    Full Size ImageInterpretive sign for the Burr Trail Road  

    Interpretive sign for the Burr Trail Road.

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" near park border
    Full Size ImageInterpretive sign for Grand Staircase - Escalante National Monument  

    Interpretive sign for Grand Staircase - Escalante National Monument.

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" above Long Canyon
    Full Size ImageView of Long Canyon from the lower end  

    View of Long Canyon from the lower end.

    Other articles: Road 1668 "Burr Trail" near the Circle Cliffs
    Full Size ImageView along the Burr Trail Road  

      From there it was a pretty drive over to Boulder City, and then south to Escalante. I came straight to this park, hoping to find a camp site on a Saturday afternoon. There were a few camp sites left, and the one I have is pretty good. After lunch, I determined to head south along the Straight Cliffs (#8) for Left Hand Collett Canyon. This is a place where someone else collected Frasera albomarginata.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 south of Boulder
    Full Size ImageView of Boulder from south.  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 near Calf Creek
    Full Size ImageCalf Creek from UT Hwy 12.  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 south of Boulder
    Full Size ImageView north toward Boulder  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 near Escalante
    Full Size ImageView of the Straight Cliffs near Escalante  

      Along the way, right close to Escalante, I found some that must be very near to where Arthur and Neal Holmgren collected the plant.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata near Escalante Hole-in-the-Rock Road near UT Hwy 12
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata habitat east of Escalante  

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata near Escalante Hole-in-the-Rock Road near UT Hwy 12
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata east of Escalante  

    Other articles: Hole-in-the-Rock Road near Harris Wash Road
    Full Size ImageHarris Wash Road junction  

    Junction of Harris Wash Road with Hole in the Rock Road.

    Other articles: Hole-in-the-Rock Road near Left Hand Collet Cyn
    Full Size ImageLeft Hand Collet Canyon from Hole in the Rock Road  

    View of Left Hand Collet Canyon from Hole in the Rock Road.

    Other articles: Collet Canyon Road near the mouth of the canyon
    Full Size ImageLeft Hand Collet Canyon near its mouth.  

    Other articles: Collet Canyon Road in Left Hand Collet Canyon

    Locations: Left Hand Collet Canyon.
    Full Size ImageLooking down Left Hand Collet Canyon  

    Anyway, I got to Left Hand Collett Canyon only to find it signed "Impassable, Washed Out." I went up the canyon as far as I could, wasn't really very far, but could not find my little plant.

    Other articles: Collet Canyon Road in lower Left Hand Collet Cyn
    Full Size ImageSmall cove in lower Left Hand Collet Canyon  

    Other articles: Collet Canyon Road in lower Left Hand Collet Cyn
    Full Size ImageView of lower Left Hand Collet Canyon  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 near Hole-in-the-Rock Rd
    Full Size ImagePhysaria chambersi in Left Hand Collet Canyon
    Full Size ImageHole-in-the-Rock Scenic Byway  

    Physaria in Left Hand Collet Canyon.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 near Hole-in-the-Rock Rd
    Full Size ImagePhysaria chambersi in Left Hand Collet Canyon
    Full Size ImageHole-in-the-Rock Scenic Byway  

    Hole-in-the-Rock Scenic Byway
    It took pioneers 6 weeks to travel this route, but today you can drive in approsimately 6 hours. Drive the forgotten route to famous Hole-in-the-Rock located on the cliffs high above Lake Powell.
    An Impossible Trek
    In 1879 the Mormon Church formed the San Juan Mission to colonize southeastern Utah. Over 200 people responded to the call and gathered in Escalante to pioneer a direct route to the San Juan Country.
    With 83 wagons and hundreds of head of livestock they traveled over seemingly impassible terrain to fulfill their mission. The most notable feat was the cutting of a road down Hole-in-the-Rock a narrow notch in the 1,200 foot cliff above the Colorado River.
    Building the road down Hole-in-the-Rock required six weeks. The entire 270 mile journey, which ended at present day Bluff, Utah, took six months.
    Hole-in-the-Rock Scenic Backway takes you into a very remote and beautiful area. Because of the remoteness, travellers are advised to take plenty of water and a full tank of gas. This road may be impassable when wet. If you are unsure, please check with the Escalante Interagency Office before proceeding.
    55 miles to Hole-in-the-Rock, high-clearance vehicle required last 5 miles.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 at Escalante State Park

    Locations: Escalante Petrified Forest State Park.
    Full Size ImageEntrance to Escalante Petrified Forest State Park  

    From Left Hand Collett Canyon, I went back to Escalante, to the market for some supplies, then back to camp for some relaxation. I am reading a book that my wife bought for me, called "The Corpse Walker, Real-Life Stories, China from the Bottom-Up" by Liao Yiwu. THe book is 27 stories about people in China who didn't fare very well in China during the last 50 years of changes. The author, himself, was jailed for a time because of his counterrevolutionary writing. Anyway, it's good reading, and the stories are interesting.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 near Wide Hollow Reservoir

    Locations: Wide Hollow Reservoir.
    Full Size ImageWide Hollow Reservoir near Escalante Petrified Forest State Park.  

    This postcard is coming to you from Escalante Petrified Forest State Park. I was very surprised to find wireless Internet access here, so I am using the opportunity to send an e-postcard.
     

    Sunday, June 8th

     
      Today, I started at Escalante Petrified Forest National Park. This is a nice little park on a reservoir(#1), with 22 camp sites, many of them occupied by RVs that came in late in the afternoon. I think there might have been one or two sites that were not used. I ignored the racket my neighbor was making until about 630 AM then got up. He was giving an amazing exhibition of how to do everything you had to do to prepare a 5th Wheel to depart, in double time. I sat outside and ate my granola and drank my coffee, and watched. The 5th Wheel has electrically powered jacks that stabilize it while parked. Those had to be stowed. There was a steel tripod to support the hitch. Then he backed his truck under the hitch. After securing that, the side extensions were pulled in my electric motors. It was quite a show. Of course, he was pulling out at 700 AM while I was still eating granola and slurping my coffee.
      The show over, I made a less-strenuous effort of getting myself ready to go. Pretty much every day, I organize the cab of the truck. I fold the maps to show the area I plan to drive that day. For a lot of this trip, the AAA Indian Country map has been just perfect, showing enough detail, but being manageable in size. I also use the DeLorme atlases. They show more detail, although, they have to be taken with more than a grain of salt. That's because the little red lines might be a road, or might be a place where there was a road at one time.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 on UT Hwy 12
    Full Size ImageSummit on Utah Highway 12  

    From Escalante, I continued west and stopped for a scenic view of Powell Point (#2). This high point was used by John Wesley Powell as reference point when surveying much of southeast Utah. Also from this scenic view, one can see the cliffs of Bryce Canyon National Park to the west. I continued on to Henrieville, thinking I would get some ice there. But there was no store. In Cannonville was a gas station and a store, but both were closed due to this being Sunday. The market in Escalante was also closed on Sundays. We don't think about things being closed on Sunday much any more.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 on UT Hwy 12
    Full Size ImageView of the cliffs at Bryce Canyon National Park.  

    Bryce Canyon National Park in the distance.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 12 on UT Hwy12

    Locations: Powell Point.
    Full Size ImagePowell Point from Utah Highway 12  

    A Landmark in History
    John Wesley Powell ... The name alone invokes thoughts of adventure, bravery, exploration, and men pitted against nature. Powell expeditions of 1869-18 on the Green and Colorado Rivers have sparked the imaginations of readers and river runners for more than a hundred years.
    Powell's explorations were more than adventures. They provided valuablinformation about unmapped regions. Powell Point was used as a landmark survey point by the Powell Expedition. Powell Point dominates the landscape, rising 10,188 feet above sea level.
    Full Size Image
    Interpretive sign at highway viewpoint.
      Also at Cannonville was the main information center for the Escalante-Grand Staircase National Monument. Although this is a national park, it is managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) instead of the National Park Service. I would imagine there were some politics involved on this issue. I'm just not that familiar with park politics in this region to know what they were.
      I stopped at the information center and took my little Frasera albomarginata binder in, and had a nice conversation with Dave M. The law enforcement ranger was on duty also, but little plants were not in his domain. The law enforcement ranger informed me that Left Hand Collett Canyon was completely washed out, and even if I had continued past the bad spot yesterday, I could not have gone much further. Since it is a county road, he had no idea of when or whether the road might be prepared. Dave, on the other hand, knew right where I had collected Frasera albomarginata yesterday, on some very light-colored sandy limestone, calling it the Carmel Formation. He told me there is an outcrop of the Carmel Formation between Kodachrome Basin State Park and Grosvenor Arch, and maybe I could find Frasera albomarginata there. I plan to pass that way, so I'll check it out.
      I really should have business cards to hand out on this trip. Everyone I talk to asks if I had one. It should have my name, address, e-mail, and web site, with both the common and scientific names of my little plant. Maybe even a little photo of the plant on the back. Anyway, I left that information with Dave, and headed south then east for Kodachrome Basin.

    Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Road at Kodachrome Basin State Park

    Locations: Kodachrome Basin State Park.
    Full Size ImageView of Kodachrome Basin  

    At Kodachrome Basin State Park, I paid my $6, no senior discount, to ... well, basically, use their outdoor potties. I also did take a little hike to the top of a small butte in the middle of the basin for this photo, but ... mostly, it was to use the outhouse. Nice outhouses, though. I have to say that Utah State Parks, are definitely better than California State Parks. Not sure about Nevada State Parks, as I have just entered Nevada as I write this.
    Full Size Image
    View of Kodachrome Basin

    Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Road out there somewhere …
    Full Size ImageFrasera paniculata growing on the road berm.
    Full Size ImageFrasera paniculata growing on the road berm.  

    Per my plan, headed east for Grosvenor Arch. Found the Carmel Formation, but here is was occupied by sister species to my little plant: Frasera paniculata. This is one of the few other species of desert Frasera. There are lots of other Frasera that are found in more moist areas. The leaves of S. paniculata also have white margins, but they are larger and shaped more like a dagger.
    Full Size Image
    Frasera paniculata growing on the road berm.

    Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Road along the road
    Full Size ImageView north from Cottonwood Canyon Road  

    View north from the road. I think the reef is Wiggler Bench.

    Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Road at Grosvenor Arch

    Locations: Grosvenor Arch.
    Full Size ImageGrosvenor Arch  

    Stopped a couple more times, to check the Fraseras along the road, and eventually arrived at Grosvenor Arch. This is a delicate little double arch named for the Grosvenor's of the National Geographic Society. Also used the outhouse again here, in an effort to gain full value from my $6 entrance fee.

    Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Road in Cads Crotch
    Full Size ImageReef (limb of a monocline) in Cads Crotch  

    So my next destination is Kanab. I have two choices, go back through Cannonville, past Bryce, and then south through Mt. Carmel, or go straight down Paria Canyon to Highway 89 and then across. I opted for the latter, which is 30 miles of dirt road. The first 15 miles is kind of pretty (#5), being another monocline like the monocline at Capitol Reef National Monument.

    Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Road in Cads Crotch
    Full Size ImagePortion of Cads Crotch  

      The last fifteen miles, however, we can do without. The road hugs the side of the widening canyon, past areas of tamarisk removal with huge bulldozer scars.
      And then, when I finally found a cottonwood big enough to sit under and eat lunch, I was beset with those biting midges. So I waved them off and jumped in the cab of the truck. It, of course, was 115° inside from sitting in the sun. Started the engine to run the air conditioning, and decided it was foolish to waste gas just sitting there, so I drove in 1st gear, 5 mph, while eating my sandwich.
      The last 6-7 miles of this road are just plain ugly.

    Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Road near US Hwy 89
    Full Size ImagePoint of rocks near the south end of Cottonwood Canyon Road.  

    Would I do it over again? Maybe not, maybe I would just head back and have lunch at Bryce or Mt. Carmel.
      At Kanab, I was getting pockets of cell phone service. My phone would go from four bars to no bars in a very short distance. Found a pocket of four-bar service, and left a message for Pat and Tom. I'm thinking it will probably be too late to get a campsite at Zion by the time I can get there; maybe I will just go on to St. George. Pat and Tom will be happy to have me arrive a day early.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata near Vermilion Cliffs  

    Stopped at Pipe Spring National Monument, where years ago, in the 1930s, someone had collected Frasera albomarginata. Talked to a couple of rangers, and none of them had ever seen the plant. THis facility is jointly operated by the National Park Service and the Kaibab Paiute tribe. Unfortunately, Ben, the really good Paiute plant biologist was off duty this Sunday. Walked around the grounds a little bit, but did not see my plant.
      From Pipe Spring, I continued west on highway 89. There are a few collections from Colorado City and Canaan Mountain, but the area is developed and fenced, and I'm just not comfortable skulking around in people's back yards.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata in Pine Vy Mtns Oak Grove Road near Oak Grove Campground near Oak Grove Campground
    Full Size ImageView toward top of Pine Valley Mountains
    Full Size ImageView back down Oak Grove Road.  

    One more place to check before going to Pat and Tom's is the USFS campground at Oak Grove. That's a tough 8 mile climb from I-15 west into the Pine Mountains. When I got there, the vegetation was Ponderosa Pine and oaks. Not the right habitat. I bet they collected Frasera albomarginata closer to the highway, down in the red rocks and Pinyon-Juniper forest, and then later weren't really sure where the plant was collected.
      Anyway, a quick trip down the mountain and then to Pat and Tom's, where Pat had saved some dinner for me. After dinner, Pat gave me the tour of St. George. It has grown a lot since my wife and I were first there for the 1998 Carl Purpus Centennial. (It's an inside joke. After visiting the eastern Mojave, we went to St. George. While there, I realized that we were in St. George exactly 100 years after Carl Purpus was there. my wife will never believe that I didn't really plan it that way.) We had a nice dessert of apple cobbler and ice cream, then got their Wii machine going again to do a little bowling.
     

    Monday June 9th.

     

    Other articles: Mount Trumbull Loop near the Arizona State Line
    Full Size ImageView Mount Trumbull Loop Road from end of River Road.  

    This morning, after saying goodbye to Pat and Tom, I headed south on River Road. At the Arizona border, this becomes the Mount Trumbull Loop Road. I wanted to go at least as far as Quail Hill, as it is shown on maps, but is also known as Mokiak Pass and Mokaac Pass.

    Other articles: Mount Trumbull Loop at Mokaac Trail
    Full Size ImageSign along the Mokaac Trail  

    The first collection of Frasera albomarginata was made by Dr. Edward Palmer in 1870. When Dr. Palmer sent his collections back to the U. S. Herbarium, they were poorly curated, and some information was lost or scrambled. The first collection was made in either "southeast Utah" or "near St. George in southern Utah," depending upon your source. The next known collection was also made by Dr. Palmer, this time in 1877 at "Mokiak Pass, Utah." It's possible that in 1877 he returned to the place he made his collection in 1870 and, therefore, it is possible that Mokiak Pass or Mokaac Pass is the "type locality" of the species. So I wanted to make sure that I visited the site on this trip.
      At the end of River Road, a new road is under construction, approximately parallel to the Arizona-Utah border, and apparently running from I-15 to east of St. George. This is just another sign of the rapid growth of St. George.

    Other articles: Mount Trumbull Loop at Quail Hill

    Locations: Quail Hill.
    Full Size ImageQuail Hill above the Mt Trumbull Loop Road  

    The road south is a good gravel and dirt road that begins climbing above Mokaac Wash. At the top of the first hill, Quail Hill, I got out and went looking for Frasera albomarginata.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata at Quail Hill
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata growing in tread of old road on Quail Hill, Arizona  

    I found only one Frasera albomarginata. It happened to be growing in the tire tread of a long disused road. The seed is small and round and, maybe, it rolls to low places. And, maybe, the compaction of the soil excludes other species, thus allowing Frasera albomarginata to grow. Since there was only one rosette, I photographed it, and did not collect.

    Other articles: Mount Trumbull Loop near Mokaac Pass Frasera albomarginata near Mokaac Pass
    Full Size ImagePrime Frasera albomarginata habitat near Mokaac Pass.  

    Back in the car, I drove a few more miles, until I saw the little plant growing in the cut bank of the road. Here, there were 30-40 plants, with about 10 blooming. One of them had been stepped upon by a cow. I collected it and one other.
      547  Frasera albomarginata Watson at coordinates (36.81800, -113.55894 WGS 1984).
      I then climbed the hillside above the road looking for other Frasera albomarginata, under the theory that seeds could have been transported downslope. I didn't find any Frasera albomarginata above the road. So, once again, similar to the location near Lowry Ruin, there is Frasera albomarginata growing in the cut bank beside the road but not on the natural slopes above or below the road. I think this species does well in disturbed areas.

    Other articles: Mount Trumbull Loop near Mokaac Pass
    Full Size ImageLooking toward Wolf Hole from Mokaac Pass, Arizona  

      I drove a little bit further, to a location called Wolf Hole, before turning around. South of Mokaac Pass the land is more of a plateau than the mountains north of Mokaac Pass.

    Other articles: Mount Trumbull Loop near Quail Hill
    Full Size ImageLooking north toward St. George, Utah  

      Returned through St. George and north on I-15 to New Harmony where I had a sandwich at the highway rest stop (with no biting midges!), then got off I-15 near Enoch and took Utah 130 north.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 130 north of Enoch

    Locations: Black Point.
    Full Size ImageView of farm along Utah Highway 21.  

    Stopped for a photo of this farm, and valley in the background, just south of Black Point.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 130 near county line
    Full Size ImageView north on Utah Highway 21  

    Other articles: Utah Highway 21 west of Milford
    Full Size ImageView east to Milford and the Mineral Mountains  

    At Minersville, I turned on to Utah Highway 21 north to Milford. Got gas and ice, then turned west on Utah Hwy 21 for the Nevada border.
      Stopped and looked a couple of times in the Frisco Mountains, but did not see any Frasera albomarginata habitat.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 21 near Wah Wah Sprs

    Locations: Wah Wah Springs.
    Full Size ImageWah Wah Springs south of the highway.  

    Went down into the next valley, then headed up into the Wah Wah Mountains. I had wanted to stop at Wah Wah Spring, but the road was gated. The gate might not have been locked, but I don't like to go thru other people's gates without permission.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 21 east of Wah Wah Summit
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata location near Wah Wah Summit.  

    Just before the summit of the Wah Wah Mountains, I saw likely looking, white limestone that had been bulldozed around. Sure enough, I saw several Frasera albomarginata from the truck before getting out. Collected a couple here on the east side of the summit. Then stopped at some similar rock on the west side of the summit, where Noel Holmgren had collected years ago. Found Frasera albomarginata there also, but there was no reason to collect it.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata 16139036
    Full Size ImageCollection #548  

    548  Frasera albomarginata Watson, on white limestone with Pinyons, Junipers, and Cliff Rose, 38.51708, -113.53773.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 21 west of Wah Wah Summit
    Full Size ImageSmall Corypantha vivipara in bloom beside Utah Highway 21  

    I stopped on the west side of the summit for a look. Right beside the road was this pretty little Corypantha vivipara.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 21 west of Wah Wah Summit
    Full Size ImageView just west of Wah Wah Summit  

    Walked up on the hill south of the highway.

    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata west of Wah Wah Summit.  
    Found several Frasera albomarginata here, but did not collect at this location because others have already done so.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 21 just west of Wah Wah Summit
    Full Size ImageLocation west of Wah Wah Summit where Frasera albomarginata was found.  

    The location look like it was scraped many years ago, perhaps during highway constuction.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 21 west side of Pine Valley
    Full Size ImageWah Wah Mountains across Pine Valley, Utah  

    From the Wah Wah Mountains, I pretty much drove straight to Great Basin National Park. Took my binder into the information center and mystified all three attendant rangers by asking about Frasera albomarginata. They do caves here: Lehman Caverns, but apparently not plants. We looked at a couple of plant lists, and finally found one that admitted to Frasera albomarginata being in the park at a location called Big Wash, at the southeast corner of the park. But nothing in the north end of the park near the headquarters.

    Other articles: Utah Highway 21 near Warm Point

    Locations: Warm Point.
    Full Size ImageWarm Point  

    Locations: Great Basin National Park.
    Full Size ImageBaker Creek Campground  

    Monday night I camped at the Baker Creek campground. Before, when my wife and I stayed at Great Basin National Park, we camped at Upper Lehman Creek Campground. So I thought I would try a different campground. I think Baker Creek is a little nicer, being in firs and aspens on the edge of a meadow, so that you can choose a sunny spot or a shady spot. I remember Upper Lehman Creek campground as being in a deep canyon with pines and firs. I was pretty warm when I got here, maybe 84-85, but now at about 800 PM, with the sun down, it has cooled to 65 and I bet will be in the 40s in the morning.

    Full Size ImageLaundry  
    I did a little laundry. I have plenty of clothes, except for socks. So I rinsed out three pair, and then hung them from a little clothes line inside the camper. They won't dry tonite, but should be good and dry by end of day tomorrow, swinging around on the clothesline in the back of the truck.
     

    Tuesday June 10th

     

    Locations: Great Basin National Park.
    Full Size ImageBaker Creek Canyon  

    It was breezy this morning. The best radio station I can get is from Delta, Utah, for which high winds and possible thundershowers are predicted. I expect it will be windy everywhere today. Left Great Basin National Park and turned west on US Hwy 50.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 50 near Gr Basin Natl Park

    Locations: Wheeler Peak.
    Full Size ImageWheeler Peak in Great Basin National Park, Nevada  

    Other articles: Osceola Road just west of summit
    Full Size ImageWesterly view from summit of Osceola Road  

    Turned off the highway again at Sacramento Pass and took the road that goes through Osceola, an old mining town. I found a couple of places with looked like good Frasera albomarginata habitat, but not the plant. Osceola itself was an ugly junk pile that seems to continue accumulating junk. There was a neat old cemetery nearby. Looked like most of the burials, and probably therefore most of the population, was in the 1905-1920 time frame.

    Other articles: Osceola Road east of Osceola
    Full Size ImageLooking west downhill into Osceola  

    Other articles: Osceola Road near Osceola

    Locations: Osceola.
    Full Size ImageView of Osceola, Nevada  

    Other articles: Osceola Road near Osceola
    Full Size ImageOsceola Cemetery  

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 894 Minerva

    Locations: Minerva.
    Full Size ImageMinerva, Nevada  

    Once the road reached the valley floor, I turned south in the Spring Valley, headed for Swallow Canyon, on the west side of the Snake Range. At a former townsite called Minerva, which looks to have been some kind of mill, I found a road headed up toward Swallow Canyon, I followed this road to the mouth of the canyon. Didn't find Frasera albomarginata. However it looks like a better road and habitat is across the canyon. Down at the highway, this road was signed No Trespassing.

    Other articles: Swallow Canyon Road near Minerva
    Full Size ImageSwallow Canyon from Minerva, Nevada  

    View of Swallow Canyon from Minerva, Nevada.

    Locations: Swallow Canyon.
    Full Size ImageMouth of Swallow Canyon, Nevada  

    Swallow Canyon at the end of the road.

    Other articles: Swallow Canyon Road past end of road
    Full Size ImageSpring Valley from mouth of Swallow Canyon, Nevada  


    Full Size ImageCalochortus in Swallow Canyon, Nevada  

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 894 at Swallow Cyn Access Rd
    Full Size ImageNorthern access road to Swallow Canyon, Nevada.  

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 93 North Spring Point

    Locations: North Spring Point.
    Full Size ImageWheeler Peak in the Snake Range across Spring Valley, Nevada  

    From Swallow Canyon, I went north to the highway, and then decided to look at a place called "North Spring Point" right off of Highway 93. Didn't find anything here that looked like the right habitat here, so I can probably cross this place off my list.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 93 near North Spring Point
    Full Size ImageLooking south in Spring Valley from North Spring Point, Nevada  


    Full Size ImageGeneral view of hills near North Spring Point, Nevada  

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 50 near Connors Pass

    Locations: Connors Pass.
    Full Size ImageView of Snake Range from Connors Pass, Nevada  

    Back on US Highway 50, the road climbs to the top of Connors Pass. Here I turned off the highway and followed a good dirt road that I learned goes to some microwave towers.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata on Connors Pass
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata near Connors Pass  

    Along the road I found six Frasera albomarginata rosettes and one that was starting to bloom … in the cut bank of the road. Climbed up above the road and, this time, actually found a couple of plants in the slope above the road.

    Literature Cited:
    - Manaster, Jane, 1997.
    Full Size ImageHorned Lizard near Connors Pass, Nevada  

    Also found this little Horned Lizard.
      From Connors Pass, US Highway 50 descends into Steptoe Valley, with Steptoe Creek, and Steptoe This and Steptoe That. The name commemorates Colonel E.J. Steptoe, a famous fighter of the Old West. I suppose we can guess what he was fighting.

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 486 at Cave Lake
    Full Size ImageView of Cave Lake, Nevada.  

    On the upper parts of Steptoe Creek is Cave Lake State Park, where I stopped to have lunch. Continuing up the canyon, I saw the right habitat, and lots of Frasera albomarginata. Collected one here, and then continued up the canyon until I was in sagebrush and aspens, too high for my little plant.

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 486 near Cave Lake Frasera albomarginata near Cave Lake St Pk
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 549
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata location near Cave Lake, Nevada.  

    549  Frasera albomarginata Watson, geographic coordinates (39.19826, -114.69277), my image IMG_0999.jpg.

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 486 on Upper Steptoe Creek
    Full Size ImageAspen Grove along Upper Steptoe Creek  

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 486 on Upper Steptoe Creek
    Full Size ImageCanyon above Cave Lake, Nevada.  

      Turned around and headed for Ely, as my gas was getting a little low. Last time I filled up was in Milford, Utah. I could have gotten gas in Baker, Nevada, just outside Great Basin National Park, but I didn't even bother to look at the prices there.
      Made a little circle out of Ely, southwest on US Highway 6 to Ward Mountain, a back way through the Robinson Mining District, and then back to Ely. Found Frasera albomarginata at several places.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata southwest of Ely U. S. Highway 6 51100
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata just west of Ely, Nevada
    Full Size ImageLocation of Frasera albomarginata southwest of Ely, Nevada.  

    550  Frasera albomarginata Watson, in a small canyon off of US Highway 6, 3 miles WSW of Ely, small plant with purple stems and green tips on petals, coordinates (39.22958, -114.92132 WGS 1984).

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 near Ward Mtn Rec Area
    Full Size ImageWard Mountain Recreation Area sign  

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 near Ward Mtn

    Locations: Ward Mountain.
    Full Size ImageWard Mountain and the Terraces from US Highway 6.  

    Locations: Ely.
    Full Size ImageMap of Nevada Northern Ely Yard.  

    The mine at Keystone and Ruth is operating again, and they seem to be using the Liberty Pit as a place to dump the overburden. Back in Ely I visited the Nevada Northern Railroad offices, but no one was around. This old spreader was probably the best thing I saw on display.

    Locations: Ely.
    Full Size ImageSpreader in Ely, Nevada rail yard.  

      I'm not sure what I'm going to do tomorrow. I need to go west to Eureka, and also south on US Highway 6 to Currant. I'm thinking maybe I'll do a loop over to Eureka, then come back to Ely, and head southwest stopping at Currant. Probably end tomorrow at Tonopah, then go to Mono Lake, and over Tioga Pass to home.
     

    Wednesday June 11th.

     
      Started off this morning headed west out of Ely, Nevada, on US Highway 50. There are three ranges to cross between Ely and Eureka, and two basins. This is the heartland of the Great Basin, which may be more properly called the Basin and Range Province. The ranges to cross are the Egan Range, the White Pine Range, and the Fish Creek Range. The basins between them are Jakey Valley and Newark Valley. The summits are all about 7000 feet high, and the basins about 3000 feet.
      Today is quite cool and windy. The forecast high for Ely is 60, and for Eureka 61. I guess the offshore wind that is bringing warmth and red flag warnings, is bringing arctic air into the Basin and Range.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 50 east of Robinson Summit
    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata near Robinson Summit, Nevada.  

    As US Hwy 50 nears Robinson Summit of the Egan Range, I saw some likely-looking habitat for Frasera albomarginata and pulled off the highway. Sure enough, it was here, and this is a new location (39.39059, -115.08017) for anyone to have found the plant. However, the flowers were not open yet, so I did not collect any specimens. I have noticed that most of the plants have purple-colored stems here. The stems are always green in the Eastern Mojave.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 50 east side Jakey Valley

    Locations: Jakey Valley.
    Full Size ImageView west across Jakey Valley  

    As the highway descended into Jakey Valley, I saw some pronghorn antelope resting beside the highway. When I stopped, they got up and ran off. But they could not go too far because the highway is fenced on both sides. I've seen this before, the antelope get trapped between the highway fences and can't get away from the highway. I don't know if they eventually find a place to jump the fence, or if they remain trapped and die, or get hit by cars, or what ... Someplace else today, I saw another pronghorn, also trapped between the highway fences. Too bad, wish I could help them, they are very sleek and attractive animals ... from a distance anyway.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 50 near Green Spring Road
    Full Size ImageNevada State Historic Marker for Hamilton, Nevada.  

    I stopped for a look at the Illipah Reservoir and Campground on the east side of the White Pine Range. There was one campground that I saw yesterday called "Ward Mountain" on US Hwy 6 just southeast of Ely, that looked fairly nice. It was in Pinyons and Junipers, and there would have been some shady and protected camp sites. Illipah Reservoir Campground, though, was on a scraped off knoll next to the reservoir. There were a few campers, but I suspect the fishing was the main reason why people camped there.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 50 at Green Spr Rd
    Full Size ImageVicinity of Illipah Reservoir, Nevada.  

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata near Illipah Reservoir

    Locations: Illipah Creek Reservoir.
    Full Size ImageIllipah Creek Reservoir, view to the south  

      US Hwy 50 crosses the White Pine Range at Little Antelope Summit. Just before the summit, I turned north on a little dirt road. The first place I checked for Frasera albomarginata was a bust; none here. Meanwhile, four little calves had seen me. They were following me around, until I looked at them, or started their way, and then they ran.

    Other articles: Road North 85000 Frasera albomarginata near Little Antelope Summit
    Full Size ImagePrime Frasera albomarginata habitat.  

    Checked a second location, on this really red gravel slope that looked barren except for some large Junipers. Here, of course, was Frasera albomarginata. This is another really harsh environment but, of course, it is mostly free from competition. Collected here.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata near Little Antelope Summit
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 551
    Full Size ImageLittle plant in ditch.  

    551  Frasera albomarginata Watson, near Little Antelope Summit, image 1017-1018, very small, slight purple on stem, more green area on petals, coordinates (39.40332, -115.45759 WGS 1984.)
    Full Size Image
    Physaria chambersi where Frasera albomarginata was found.

    Other articles: Road North 81000
    Full Size ImageArea near Little Antelope Summit.  

      "Collecting" for me consists of choosing a plant to collect and photographing it. This trip I have been using my Swiss Army Knife as a size reference, so that's why you see it in the photos. Then I dig around the plant to free the tap root, and pull the plant out. Back at the car, I assign a number to the collection, describe the location, anything unusual about the plant (such as purple stems), and list the other species found nearby. I fire up my trusty GPS receiver and obtain the geographic coordinates. Then I put the plant into a press. I goes into a folded sheet of newspaper. On the outside of the newspaper, I write the collection number, the date, and a very brief description of the collection. Close the press and and go on to the next location.
      From the top of Little Antelope Summit the highway descends into Newark Valley. Several years ago, I visited Elko and the Ruby Mountains. On my way home, I went south from Elko and came out in Newark Valley. At one place there was a huge spring coming out of the limestones with lots of desert spring plants. There is a little rush in my front yard bog that came from this spring.

    Other articles: Windfall Mine Road near NV SR 379

    Locations: Secret Canyon.
    Full Size ImageLower end of Secret Canyon, Nevada.  

    Anyway, just before US Hwy 50 began its climb I turned off the highway and went up Secret Canyon, over the top and down through Windfall Canyon past the Windfall Mine. In the middle section of Secret Canyon, I found a lot of Frasera albomarginata, and made a collection.

    Full Size ImageFrasera albomarginata in Secret Canyon  
    Observation of Frasera albomarginata at coordinates (39.39945, -115.96552, 2096 m, my image IMG_1023.jpg).

    Other articles: Windfall Mine Road 52000
    Full Size ImagePrime Frasera albomarginata habitat in Secret Canyon, Nevada.  

    Observation of Frasera albomarginata Watson at coordinates (39.41409, -115.97347, 2140 m).

    Other articles: Windfall Mine Road above Murray Spr. Frasera albomarginata in Secret Cyn
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 552
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 552  

    552  Frasera albomarginata Watson, common here, green on tips of petals, coordinates (39.41788, -115.97544, 2216 m, image 1025 – 1026).

    Other articles: Windfall Mine Road near pass near pass Frasera albomarginata in Secret Cyn
    Full Size ImageView of Secret Canyon, Nevada from above.
    Full Size ImageView of Windfall Canyon to the north.  

     

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 379 40000

    Locations: Fish Creek Valley.
    Full Size ImageFish Creek and Ranch from Nevada State Route 379  

    You come out of Windfall Canyon just above Eureka. I went into town to get gas. Got a few groceries at the General Store. Tired to get ice, but they had none. They were as surprised as I was. Just above Eureka is the city park. This consists of an old log cabin, a patch of grass, a picnic table, and four trees. The picnic table was at one end of the patch of lawn, and the four trees were are the other end. I made a sandwich and sat in my truck under the trees while I ate.
      My next destination was Currant Summit on the south end of the White Pine Range. To get there, I went on Nevada State Route 379. Fifty-six miles, the first and last third were paved, but the middle section was dirt. At the end of the first section was "Fish Creek," the apparent namesake of the Fish Creek Range. I thought the juxtaposition of the ranch, the alfalfa field, the green alkaline creek, and the dust devil was a pretty accurate image of the valleys between the ranges.
      The dirt part of the road was pretty good and the pavement returned at the far end of the Duckwater Indian Reservation ... wouldn't want to pave through the reservation, ya' know.

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 379 near Red Rock Summit
    Full Size ImageCicada at Red Rock Summit of the Pancake Range, Nevada  

    I did stop one time at low summit of the Pancake Range. There were junipers here, and rocky open ground. No Frasera albomarginata here, but the air was filled with little clicking sounds. It took me a while to find the source. There were hundreds of cicadas all over the junipers. These were a little smaller than the cicada at Hualapai Mountain. And, typically, cicacas make more of a buzzing sound. But, these guys were "clickers" and darn good at it.

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 379 near Red Rock Summit
    Full Size ImageLooking west at Red Rock Summit, Nevada  

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 379 near Red Rock Summit
    Full Size ImageLooking east at Red Rock Summit, Nevada  

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 379 north of Duckwater
    Full Size ImageAlong NV S. R. 379 enroute to Duckwater, Nevada  

    Other articles: Nevada State Route 379 south of Duckwater
    Full Size ImageAlong NV S. R. 379 south of Duckwater, Nevada  

    Currant Mountain of the White Pine Range in the background.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 near Currant Summit
    Full Size ImageView north on US Highway 6 north of Currant Summit  

    At the sometimes settlement of Currant, I turned back toward Ely on US Hwy 6 and cruised the space between Currant and Currant Summit, looking for Frasera albomarginata. It took me a while, but I finally found some on caliche-encrusted volcanic rocks just off the highway.

    Other articles: Frasera albomarginata south of Currant Summit U. S. Highway 6 west of Currant Summit
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 553
    Full Size ImageCollection No. 553, Frasera albomarginata near Currant Summit, Nevada  

    553  Frasera albomarginata, purple stem, in bank of road, caliche-covered volcanic sediments, coordinates (38.81916, -115.32619, 1957 m).
      This collection complete, I decided to head southwest and stop in Tonopah. The 2-3 more hours to Lee Vining sound a little too far, after being out all day.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 in Railroad Valley
    Full Size ImageOil Well in Railroad Valley, Nevada.  

    Heading southwest on US Highway 6, I was very suprised to find oil wells in Railroad Valley. I did not know there were any producing wells in the Basin and Range. The company name is Makoil. I did some quick Internet research and learned that this field has produced 21 million barrels of oil since 1981 and they are still drilling wells. The geometry of this oil-producing basin is a bit unusual, but I won't bore you with details.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 in Railroad Valley
    Full Size ImageGrant Range from US Highway 6  

      In Tonopah, I settled for the night at the Jim Butler Inn & Suites. I eyeballed the RV park on the way into town. Oh Geez ... how ugly could a place be? For dinner, I walked down to El Marques, a Mexican restaurant. The only other place to eat in Tonopah is the Ramada Casino up the hill.
     

    Thursday, June 12th.

     
      Tonight I am in the Aspen campground beside Lee Vining Creek. I got here just after noon, had lunch, and then took a rest. I'm thinking that tomorrow I will go home. But, for this afternoon, I think I'll just stay here.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 west of Tonopah
    Full Size ImageMonte Cristo Range from west of Tonopah, Nevada  

    This morning started bright and early in Tonopah. After checking out of the Jim Butler Inn & Suites (aka motel), I headed west on US Hwy 6. The White Mountains of California were lighted beautifully by the early morning sun.

    Other articles: The Gap Road north end of The Gap
    Full Size ImageThe Gap, looking south into Fish Lake Valley.  

    Turned south on Nevada 773 for Fish Lake Valley. There are a couple of interesting places here between Fish Lake Valley and the Columbus Salt Marsh. They are called "The Sump," "The Crossing," and "The Gap." Even the USGS maps and their official list of places include the article "The" as part of the place names. These places are frequently referred to in literature about Fish Lake Valley so I wanted to obtain photographs of each.

    Other articles: The Gap Road in The Gap
    Full Size ImageThe Gap looking north.  

    Climbed up a small hill in The Gap for this photo.

    Other articles: The Gap Road in The Gap
    Full Size ImageLook south from the approximate middle of The Gap  

      My wife and I visited The Sump a few years ago. It's a place of bright blue and green lake beds that are folded up into a V-shape (syncline).

    Other articles: Coyote Road at The Crossing at The Crossing
    Full Size ImageLooking south from The Crossing.
    Full Size ImageLooking north from The Crossing  

    The Crossing is a narrow place in Fish Lake Valley, where a single culvert can make a bridge. Most roads across Fish Lake Valley converge at The Crossing and then diverge again on the other side.
      The Gap is a narrow little valley through which Fish Lake Valley empties into Columbus Salt Marsh. There is also a hot spring nearby.

    Other articles: Coyote Road near The Crossing
    Full Size ImageLooking across The Crossing.  

    I drove through The Gap on a very nice dirt road, and then to The Crossing. There was a little water here, but it was very green, and probably so alkaline that only algae was growing there. The hot spring was still in operation, but with many signs threatening to close the springs down if the vandalism didn't stop. The signs, of course, were riddled with bullet holes. As for wildlife, there were four coots, a couple of blackbirds, and a oriole-looking bird, mostly yellow with a black head.

    Other articles: Coyote Road in Fish Lake Valley
    Full Size ImageWhite Mountains across Fish Lake Valley  

    Other articles: Coyote Road Fish Lake Hot Well

    Locations: Fish Lake Hot Well.
    Full Size ImageScene at Fish Lake Hot Well  

    Full Size Image
    Scene at Fish Lake Hot Well
    Full Size Image
    Fish Lake Hot Well
      I did not go to The Sump on this visit because my wife and I had already been there.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 near Grefco Mine
    Full Size ImageGrefco Diatomaceous Earth Mine.  

    Back on US Highway 6, I stopped for a photo of the Grefco diatomaceous earth mine, and then again at Montgomery Pass. It's hard to imagine the little steam engines of the Carson and Colorado Railroad (later the Southern Pacific Narrow Gauge) pulling trains over this pass.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 in Queen Valley
    Full Size ImageQueen Valley and White Mountains  

    Pulled off US Highway 6 for this view of upper Queen Valley, Boundary Peak, and Montgomery Peak.

    Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 in Queen Valley
    Full Size ImageGlass Mountain across Queen Valley  

    Other articles: California Highway 120 south of Black Lake
    Full Size ImageWater gap in lower Adobe Valley  

    At Benton, I turned west on California Highway 120, past Benton Springs and then up into Adobe Valley. Here I stopped to look at Black Lake and the water way for Mono Lake waters. In the hard-to-imagine category is the overflow of Mono Lake on the east side in the Adobe Hills, the flood waters coming down Adobe Valley, through Black Lake, through this narrow defile in the rocks, and then joining the Owens River watershed.

    Other articles: California Highway 120 near Black Lake

    Locations: Black Lake.
    Full Size ImageBlack Lake alongside California Highway 120  

    Other articles: California Highway 120 near Adobe Creek
    Full Size ImageGlass Mountain from Adobe Valley, California.  

    Stopped near Adobe Creek for this view of Glass Mountain.

    Other articles: California Highway 120 near Granite Mtn, CA
    Full Size ImageSagehen Peak, California, from California Highway 120.  

    Stopped near Granite Mountain for this view of Sagehen Peak …

    Other articles: California Highway 120 near Granite Mtn, CA
    Full Size ImageGlass Mountain from California Highway 120 near Granite Mountain  

    … and Glass Mountain.
      Along the highway through Big Sand Flat the Skunky Monkey Flower (Mimulus mephiticus) was blooming in large patches of purple, and a few lupines were blooming. But, it is still early in the season, and many wildflowers are not blooming now.

    Full Size ImageFishing tackle caught on telephone wire.
    Full Size ImageLee Vining Creek at Aspen Campground, California
    Full Size ImageNative Onion at Aspen Campground, California  
    I came straight to this campground, here is the view from my chair as I type this. There is a telephone cable overhead that probably goes to Tioga Pass. It is well decorated with fishing leader, weights and hooks. Had lunch, took a nap, and am now getting my journal wrapped up. I took a little walk around. As I said, it is early spring here. The onions are in full bloom, and the lupines are just beginning. I saw one Missouri Iris with a flower, the remained now just forming buds.
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    Date and time this article was prepared: 7/31/2017 9:35:41 AM