Eastern Mojave Vegetation Field Notes (Continued)  
 

Tom Schweich  

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Contents
Literature Cited
 When I first read the field notes of Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg, I was fascinated by the descriptions they wrote about the places they went and the plants and animals they found there. By publishing my field notes on the Internet I hope to follow a little bit in their tradition.

 

 

   

2018

 

Literature Cited:
- Sovell, John, Pam Smith, Denise Culver, Susan Panjabi and Joe Stevens, 2012.  

Note on Smooth Brome One of the most common non-native species found at nearly every site was smooth brome (Bromopsis (Bromus) inermis). Smooth brome is not on the noxious weed list, yet it appears to be one of the largest threats to ecosystems, besides development, in Jefferson County, particularly in wetlands. Smooth brome is very difficult to treat without causing problems to the surrounding environment. Unfortunately, the spread of smooth brome is being encouraged by weed treatment activities especially in wetlands. Canada thistle is very common in wetlands, and is a B-List noxious weed. It is often treated with herbicides that impact dicots. Smooth brome is a monocot. A recent report by Rondeau (2011) found in a six year monitoring effort for Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense, also Breea arvensis) that although the treatments were successful in removing the Canada thistle it was replaced by smooth brome in wetlands where smooth brome was already in the area. In addition, they found the local native plants including woody species were being impacted as well over the six year study. Overall the result was a less desirable outcome than the situation being remedied from an ecological perspective. This is unfortunate because Canada thistle is a B-Listed plant; people are being required to treat it. If smooth brome is in the vicinity (which is often the case) a state listed noxious weed is being replaced by something that is even more difficult to control and arguably more damaging to the ecosystem. In the State of Colorado, smooth brome is available for use in seed mixes used by ranchers, homeowners and highway departments which is why it is not listed as an invasive species. This plant is considered to be an invasive species in at least ten other states (MN, OH, IN, IL, KY, TN, NB, WI, ND and MS), by Ivasives.org and The Nature Conservancy.
  1773  Field identification: grass.
  1774  Field identification: grass.

 

Other articles: Social Trail (Up. Wash. Ave. OS) at top at path

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageMissouri Foxtail Cactus sits low in the soil.  

Sunday, March 11th

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Missouri Foxtail Cactus beside the trail.
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Bractless Blazing Star (Mentzelia nuda) with last year's fruit.
Walked up to the Upper Washington Avenue Open Space to look for the Escobaria missouriensis and other things that might be in bloom.

 

   

Wednesday, March 14th

 

Other articles: Social Trail near NTM trl
Full Size ImageCoryphantha missouriensis in a crack between three rocks.  

One plant of Coryphantha missouriensis found on the toe of a landslide, lowest southwest slopes of North Table Mountain.

Other articles: Social Trail at corner
Full Size ImageCarex inops var. heliophila along the trail.  

A little Carex just starting to bloom, probably C. inops var. heliophila.

 

   

Friday, March 23rd

Denver to Newark to Atlantic Ocean.

 

   

Saturday, March 24th

Atlantic Ocean to Madrid to Bormujos.

 

   

Sunday, March 25th

Salida, Sanlucar la Mayor.

 

 
Full Size ImageSofia, Ian, Colin, and Cheryl by the Rio Guagalquivir
Full Size ImageKnitted decorations along the river.  

Monday, March 26th

Sevilla, paso of San Gonzalo over Triana Bridge.

The float of the Virgin in the streets of Triana. The thing to see here is the float will “jump” when it is picked up by the costaleros.

 

   

Tuesday, March 27th

Dolmens and Italica.

 

Locations: Dolmen de Matarrubilla.
Full Size ImageAltar or offering table in the Dolmen de Matarrubilla.
Full Size ImageSofia at the entrance to the Dolmen de Matarrubilla.  

Dolmen de Matarrubilla

The Matarrubilla Dolmen was discovered in 1917, also as a result of some agricultural tasks. It is just one kilometer in a straight line from La Pastora,

As a funerary corridor and circular chamber structure with a total length of 32 meters, Matarrubilla approaches La Pastora in grandeur. It differs fundamentally because in the chamber is a great block of black marble, carved and with a recess of several centimeters on the upperpart, that probably fulfilled functions of table of offerings or altar. Undoubtedly it is a ritual element that already had great importance in the design and planning of the monument, since its placement, occupying much of the space of the chamber, must have occurred before the erection of the roof in a false dome.

The funeral deposit found in Matarrubilla was quite scarce. In the plundered chamber were scrambled and fragmented remains of pottery and some human bones. In the corridor, some materials were in situ, including stone tools, a large number of fragments of gold lamellae, some ivory objects (including an elephant tusk in the rough, unworked) and several thousands of necklace beads. Only one complete skeleton was found, halfway down the corridor and in a cramped position. The relatively low number of burials and grave goods and the presence of the altar or offering table that so clearly dominates the space available in the vaulted chamber of the monument suggests that, indeed, a monument such as Matarrubilla may have played the role of a temple or ceremonial enclosure besides (or perhaps more than) a sepulcher ( https://www.rutasconhistoria.es/loc/dolmen-de-matarrubilla ).

 

Locations: Dolmen de Pastora.
Full Size ImagePath to the Dolmen de Pastora
Full Size ImageEntrance to the Dolmen de Pastora.  

Dolmen de la Pastora

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Inside the Dolmen de Pastora
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Interior of the chamber of the Dolmen de Pastora.
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Interpretive panel at Dolmen de Pastora.

More information about Dolmen de la Pastora is available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolmen_de_la_Pastora .

 

Locations: Italica.
Full Size ImagePond and garden in private house in Italica.
Full Size ImageIn the amphitheater at Italica.  

Italica

More information about Italica: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italica .

Full Size ImageLunch at La Caseta de Antonio.  
Lunch at La Caseta de Antonio.

 

   

Wednesday, March 28th

Niebla, Castle, lunch at Roman Spring

Locations: Niebla.
Full Size ImageInside the castle at Niebla.
Full Size ImageSevilla Gate with the Rio Tinto beyond.  

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Sofia on top of Castillo de los Guzmanes.
Castillo de los Guzmanes

Locations: Dolmen de Soto.
Full Size ImageCheryl inside the Dolmen de Soto.
Full Size ImageOur group on top of Dolmen de Soto.  

Dolmen de Soto

Locations: Pilar de la Media Legua.
Full Size ImagePost-lunch photo at El Pilar de la Media Legua.
Full Size ImagePhoto of the Pilar de la Media Legua. Trigueros in the background.  

Lunch at the Pilar de la Media Legua.

 

   

Thursday, March 29th

Muelle de Carabelas to Portugal.

Locations: Muelle de las Carabelas.
Full Size ImageReplica of the Santa Maria.
Full Size ImageOn the replica of the Nina.  

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Colin and Ian on the bow of the Santa Maria.
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Replica of the Pinta, as seen from the top deck of the Santa Maria.
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Replica of the Nina.
Muelle de las Carabelas

Locations: Monasterio de La Rabida. Muelle de las Carabelas.
Full Size ImageFresco depicting the departure of Columbus.
Full Size ImageFresco depicting something probably related to Columbus.  

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The chapel of Monasterio de La Rabida
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Ceiling of the chapel at the Monasterio de La Rapida.
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Cloister in Monasterio de La Rabida.
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A small side chapel at Monasterio de La Rabida
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Restored wall.
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The Muelle de Las Carabelas as seen from the Monasterio de La Rabida.
La Rabida Monastery.

 

   

Friday, March 30th

Ilha de Tavira, to lunch at Santa Luzia, to Sagrada Interro.

Locations: Ilha de Tavira.
Full Size ImageBoblefutbol on the beach of Ilha de Tavira
Full Size ImageIn the direction of the booming bass.  

Ilha de Tavira, filed with revelers for Semana Santa, complete with booming bass.

Locations: Tavira.
Full Size ImageInside the Igreja de Misericodria waiting for the Procissao do Enterro do Senhor.  

Waiting for the Procissao do Enterro do Senhor at the Igreja de Misericordia. Unfortunately, it began to rain and the procession did not go out.

 

   

Saturday, March 31st

Walking tour of Tavira to Cacela Velha.

Locations: Tavira.
Full Size ImageThe Roman Bridge across the Gilo River
Full Size ImageThe Gilo River from the Roman Bridge.  

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Moderately attentive group on the Roman Bridge.
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Inside the Igreja de Misericordia.
Walking around Tavira.

Locations: Cacela Velha.
Full Size ImageThe church of Cacela Velha from the beach.
Full Size ImageIan and an eel.  

Cacela Velha and lunch.

Locations: Tavira.
Full Size ImageView from Casa de Osga, our rural house.
Full Size ImageGetting ready to dye Easter eggs.  

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Easter eggs dyed.
Rural house, Casa de Osga, and coloring Easter Eggs.

 

   

Sunday, April 1st

Praia do Baril to Bormujos.

Locations: Praia do Barril.
Full Size ImageTrain to Praia do Barril.
Full Size ImageSofia and Nico by the train.  

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The beach at Praia do Barril, our group at left.
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Graveyard of the Anchors.
Praia do Baril

 

   

Monday, April 2nd

Sevilla

Full Size ImageRestaurante La Cueva
Full Size ImageOne several graves of Christopher Columbus; this one in the Seville Cathedral.
Full Size ImageThe Giralda of the Seville Cathedral.  
Sevilla

 

   

Tuesday, April 3rd

Italica

Locations: Italica.
Full Size ImageGeneral view of Italica.
Full Size ImageA lot of school groups touring Italica on this day.  

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View across the amphitheater to the city of Italica.
Italica

 

   

Wednesday, April 4th

Bormujos to Madrid

 

   

Thursday, April 5th

Madrid.

Other articles: Field Notes 30 Mar 2007

Locations: Madrid.
Full Size ImageColin in front of the statue of Velasquez.  

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Vertical Garden, 11 years later.
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Vertical Garden, 11 years later.
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Riding the Metro.
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Plaza Mayor
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Plaza de Espana, with statue of Miguel Cervantes.
The Prado, the Sofia Reina, and around.

 

   

Friday, April 6th

Madrid to Denver.

 

   

Wednesday, April 11th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space and North Table Mountain.

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1775, Juniperus virginiana  

1775  Field identification: Juniperus sp., probably a horticultural species.

Juniperus virginiana L. Eastern Redcedar.

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. On a cut bank near the north boundary fence of the Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, 1.8 km northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7689N, 105.2334W. WGS 1984 Single plant about 2 m. tall. Probable garden escapee.

Tall narrow shrub, to 2 m.; Leaves in 2s, scale-like, margin entire, tip acute, overlapping > length of next leaf, length of gland < distance to apex; Seed, #1, 4 mm. × 3 mm.

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1776, Lamium amplexicaule  

1776  Field identification: Lamium amplexicaule. Turkish Mint.

Lamium amplexicaule L. Henbit.

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 1.75 km. northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7688N, 105.2317W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1797 m.. Small group of plants in the area that has previously mowed by neighbors, northeast corner of parcel.

Locations: North Table Mountain.  

1777  Field identification:Carex inops var. heliophila. Sun Sedge.

Carex inops L.H. Bailey ssp. heliophila (Mack.) Crins. Sun Sedge.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. Southwest corner of North Table Mountain, exposed sites on lower slopes, near City of Golden North Table Mountain trail, 1.23 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7665N, 105.2192W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1818 m..

 

   

Thursday, April 12th

Kinney Gulch Trail, from Eagle Ridge up to Tripp Ranch.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail just n. of Tripp Rch  

1778  Field identification: Chorispora tenella

Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC. Crossflower.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. Between Kinney Run Trail and the creek, just north of Tripp Ranch, 3.36 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7259N, 105.2137W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1889 m.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at slope

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1779, Euphorbia myrsinites in Kinney Run.  

1779  Field identification: Euphorbia myrsinites

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1779, Euphorbia myrsinites in Kinney Run.
Euphorbia myrsinites L. Myrtle Spurge.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. West-facing slope, just beginning to bloom, collection from southern edge of an infestation that extends 175 m. north along the rock outcrop. 3.31 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7264N, 105.2133W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1851 m.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at coll locn

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1780, Viola nuttallii  

1780  Field identification: Viola nuttallii

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Kinney Run in early Spring.
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Kinney Run in early Spring.
Viola nuttallii Pursh. Nuttall's Violet.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. 40 m. east of, and above the Kinney Run Trail, in the sandstone of a hogback, at the base of Cercocarpus montanus, which itself was rooted in a fracture of the bedrock, 3.22 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7272N, 105.2134W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1845 m.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at coll locn  

1780.1  Field identification: Cerastium arvense.

Cerastium arvense L. ssp. strictum Gaudin. Field Chickweed.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. 40 m. east of and above the Kinney Run Trail, in the sandstone of a hogback, at the base of Cercocarpus montanus, which itself was rooted in a fracture of the bedrock, 3.22 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7272N, 105.2134W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1845 m.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at outcrop  

1781  Field identification: Taraxacum officinale.

Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. Common Dandelion.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. Thirty meters east of and above the Kinney Run Trail, in thin soil near bare rock outcrops of a small hogback, 3.16 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7276N, 105.2136W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1839 m.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at cove

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1782, Berberis repens.  

1782  Field identification: Berberis repens

Berberis repens Lindl. Creeping Barberry.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. Thirty-eight meters east of and above the Kinney Run Trail, west side of the hogback in a small cove or old excavation that collects water, 3.12 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.728N, 105.2137W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1835 m.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at sm. hill

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageHabitat of Lithospermum arvense in Kinney Run.  

1783  Field identification: unknown, possibly Boraginaceae Lithospermum arvense.

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View of Kinney Run in early Spring.
--- Match with 1827.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at line of trees

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageLight-phase Red-Tailed Hawk seen in Kinney Run.  

Also seen: Lomatium orientale, Alyssum simplex, Erodium cicutarium, Claytonia rosea, Zigadenus paniculatus. Three raptors seen today. This is the first of three.

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General view north on Kinney Run.
 

 

   

Monday, April 16th

North Table Mountain. Cottonwood Canyon to North Table Loop, the basalt quarry, and back.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1784, Carex inops var. heliophila  
1784  Field identification: Carex inops var. heliophila. In rocks with some openings and bare ground, Berberis repens.

Carex inops L.H. Bailey ssp. heliophila (Mack.) Crins. Sun Sedge.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Upper part of Cottonwood Canyon, a relatively large canyon draining North Table Mountain to the southeast, on top of small rise along an old social trail that predates Open Space trail construction, 3.07 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7799N, 105.2043W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1896 m. With Berberis repens. Early anthesis at this slightly higher elevation, pistillate spikelets just beginning to develop.

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.
Full Size ImageConcentration of Pediocactus simpsonii
Full Size ImageDeer at the break in mountain slope.  

Tops of rocky ledges above Cottonwood Canyon: a lot of Pediocactus simpsonii and a good number of Carex inops var. simpsonii. Small (10-12) herd of deer in the upper reaches of Cottonwood Canyon, away from the trail.

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Concentration of Pediocactus simpsonii
 

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.
Full Size ImageFlowing water entering Cottonwood Canyon
Full Size ImageFlowing water entering Cottonwood Canyon  

Stream draining the small reservoir, and feeding Cottonwood Canyon.

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A second group of deer on top of North Table Mountain.
 

 

   

Wednesday, April 18th.

Heritage Dells and Magic Mountain Archeological Site.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1786, Muscari botryoides  
1785  Field identification: Muscari botryoides

Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. Common Grape Hyacinth.

Heritage Square, Jefferson County, Colorado. Heritage Dells area, 35 m. east of the Kinney Run Trail, in thin soil on top of a very low hogback, 4.3 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7177N, 105.2111W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1872 m. Well naturalized in a small thriving colony. Most leaves have been at least partially eaten.

  1786  Field identification: Cerastium arvense ssp. strictum

Cerastium arvense L. ssp. strictum Gaudin. Field Chickweed.

Heritage Square, Jefferson County, Colorado. Heritage Dells area, 41 m. east of the Kinney Run Trail, in thin soil on top of a very low hogback, 4.3 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7177N, 105.211W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1887 m.

  1787  Field identification: Carex inops var. heliophila

Carex inops L.H. Bailey ssp. heliophila (Mack.) Crins. Sun Sedge.

Heritage Square, Jefferson County, Colorado. Heritage Dells area, 47 m. east of the Kinney Run Trail, in thin soil on top of a very low hogback, 4.34 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7172N, 105.211W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1898 m.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 1787.1, Delphinium nuttallianum  
1787.1  Field identification: Delphinium nuttallii.

Delphinium nuttallianum Pritz. Twolobe Larkspur.

Heritage Square, Jefferson County, Colorado. Heritage Dells area, 47 m. east of the Kinney Run Trail, in thin soil on top of a very low hogback, 4.34 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7172N, 105.211W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1898 m. Dark blue-purple larkspur. Only four plants, therefore only one flower and one leaf collected.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Burgess at top of hill
Full Size ImageLooking south on the Kinney Run Trail.
Full Size ImageLooking north on the Kinney Run Trail.  

Pinus ponderosa, Rhus aromatica trilobata, Lomatium orientale, Artemisia frigida, Artemisia ludoviciana, Brickellia californica, Centauria diffusa, Ericameria nauseosa graveolens, Taraxacum officinale, Verbascum thapsus, Cynoglossum officinale, Alyssum simplex, Cerastium arvense strictum, Sedum lanceolatum, Penstemon virens, Potentilla sp., Ribes cereum, Commandra umbellata, Viola nuttallii, Yucca glauca, Leucocrinum montanum,

Full Size Image
Burgess Avenue.
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Small Missouri Foxtail Cactus
 

 

 

   

Thursday, April 19th

Matthews/Winters Open Space.

 

Locations: Matthews/Winters Park.
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1788, Lithospermum arvense.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1788, Lithospermum arvense  

1788  Field identification: Lithospermum arvense

Lithospermum arvense L. Corn Gromwell.

Matthews/Winters Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Beside the Village Walk Trail, near the Mount Vernon Cemetery, 7.25 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.6909N, 105.2085W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1948 m. Duplicates Judy King collection 4 May 2009, KHD47888. Also collected in Kinney Run, Golden, my Coll. Nos. 1783 and 1827.

 

 

 

Locations: Colorado School of Mines Survey Field.
Full Size ImageErysimum capitatum in the Survey Field.
Full Size ImageNorth Golden as seen from the Survey Field.  

Monday, April 23rd

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field.

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Beetle seen in the Survey Field
 

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1789, Collinsia parviflora
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1789, Collinsia parviflora  
1789  Field identification: Collinsia parviflora “Blue-Eyed Mary”

Collinsia parviflora Lindl. Maiden Blue-eyed Mary.

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field, Jefferson County, Colorado. North-facing slope of small gulch, 1.97 km. south southwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7383N, 105.2267W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1846 m.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 1790, Erodium cicutarium  
1790  Field identification: Erodium cicutarium

Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her. ex Aiton. Redstem Stork's Bill.

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field, Jefferson County, Colorado. South side of an alluvial hill near the center of the Survey Field, 2.22 km, south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7357N, 105.2245W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1843 m.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 1791, Nothocalais cuspidata  
1791  Field identification: Nothocalais cuspidata

Nothocalais cuspidata (Pursh) Greene. Prairie False Dandelion.

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field, Jefferson County, Colorado. Distributed broadly across upper surface of small alluvial hill, near the center of the Survey Field, 2.22 km, south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7359N, 105.2245W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1851 m.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 1792, Delphinium, probably D. nuttallii  
1792  Field identification: Delphinium nuttallii

 

 

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Thursday, April 26th

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space.

Cloudy, cool, breezy, with a few rain drops.

 


Full Size ImageColl. No. 1793, Anemone patens var. multifida  
1793  Field identification: Anemone patens

Anemone patens L. var. multifida Pritzel. Eastern Pasqueflower.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest Great Plains at base of the Rocky Mountain Front Range, just above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on Colorado Highway 73 from Colorado Highway 93, then 2.0 mi. generally north on Plainview Road. 39.898N, 105.2704W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1943 m.

 

 

   

Friday, April 27th

Clear Creek Canyon Park

 
  1794  Field identification: Leucocrinum montanum

Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray. Star Lily.

Clear Creek Canyon Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Southeast-facing hillslope just inside the mouth of Clear Creek Canyon, foothills of Rocky Mountain Front Range, 2.3 km west of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7528N, 105.2476W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1816 m.


Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1795, Euphorbia esula  
1795  Field identification: Euphorbia esula

Euphorbia esula L. Leafy Spurge.

Clear Creek Canyon Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Colonizing a former quarry road, southeast-facing side of the canyon, just inside the mouth of Clear Creek Canyon, foothills of Rocky Mountain Front Range, 2.16 km west of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7532N, 105.2461W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1794 m.


Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1796, Physaria vitulifera  
1796  Field identification: Physaria vitulifera

Physaria vitulifera Rydb. Roundtip Twinpod.

Clear Creek Canyon Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Growing on the bank of a former quarry road, southeast-facing side of the canyon, just inside the mouth of Clear Creek Canyon, foothills of Rocky Mountain Front Range, 2.16 km west of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7535N, 105.2459W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1801 m.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 at quarry at climbing area

Locations: Clear Creek Canyon. Clear Creek Canyon Park.
Full Size ImageEntrance to Clear Creek Canyon Park  

Clear Creek Canyon Park.

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Stuck?
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Car wreck.
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Mazes constructed on the floor of the quarry.
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Fault plane exposed by quarry.
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Fault plane exposed by quarry.
 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 at quarry at Indian Gl in Tunnel 1

Locations: Indian Gulch.
Full Size ImageObs. No. 1599, Oenothera coronopifolia  

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Erysimum capitatum among Linaria dalmatica.
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Indian Gulch
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Tunnel No. 1 from ridge above Indian Gulch.
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Leucocrinum montanum sometimes called "sand lily" in some actual sandy habitat.
Also seen on the slope: Lithospermum incisum, Erysimum capitatum, Corydalis aureus, Viola nuttallii, and an Oenothera that I think was O. coronopifolia. I described the Oenothera as Leaves cauline, deeply pinnately lobed, sepals reflexed, bi-fised, hairy, tip non-descript, stamens 8, indusium present, stigma 4-lobed.

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 at Mayhem Gl

Locations: Clear Creek Canyon Park.
Full Size ImageMayhem Gulch Parking Lot and Trailhead  

Mayhem Gulch Parking Lot and Trailhead.

 

 

Other articles: Centennial Cone Road at pkg

Locations: Centennial Cone Park.
Full Size ImageUpper reaches of Mayhem Gulch drainage.  

Centennial Cone West Trailhead.

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Centennial Cone, as seen from the West Trailhead.
 

Other articles: Douglas Mountain Drive at saddle
Full Size ImageYellow Submarine mail box.
Full Size ImageRanch in upper Elk Creek drainage.  

Saddle between Horse Creek and Elk Creek drainage.

 

Other articles: Douglas Mountain Drive at turn

Locations: Douglas Mountain.
Full Size ImageLots of ranchettes in upper Elk Creek drainage.  

Road changes direction, view of upper Elk Creek drainage.

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Douglas Mountain above the road.
 

Other articles: Camino Perdido at pkg

Locations: Centennial Cone Park.
Full Size ImageDouglas Mountain from the North Trailhead of Centennial Cone Park.  

North Trailhead of Centennial Cone Park.

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Travois Trail headed southeast from the North Trailhead
 

Other articles: Belcher Hill Road 65000 on the down-hill slide

Locations: North Table Mountain. Ralston Buttes. White Ranch Park.
Full Size ImageWhoa!  

White Ranch Park, West Trailhead.

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Early Spring view to the north.
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Denver through the haze.
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Ralston Buttes from West Trailhead.
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North and South Table Mountains from White Ranch Park.
 

 

 

   

Saturday, April 28th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.

 
  1797  1797.1  1797.2  Field identification: Carex inops ssp. heliophila.

Carex inops L.H. Bailey ssp. heliophila (Mack.) Crins. Sun Sedge.

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Scattered across the top and southwest slope of the hill with somewhat intact mixed-grass prairie, 1.76 km. northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7685N, 105.2331W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1817 m. Three collections of the Sun Sedge bearing the suffixes .0, .1, and .2 were made this day relatively near to each other.


Full Size ImageObs. No. 1603, Coryphantha missouriensis  
Many Coryphantha missouriensis seen with fruit.

 

 

 

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.  

Sunday, May 6th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.

 

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1798, Celtis reticulata
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1798, Celtis reticulata  
1798  Field identification: Celtis reticulata, in bloom.

Celtis reticulata Torr. Net-Leaved Hackberry.

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 1.75 km. northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7684N, 105.2326W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1794 m. Two trees, three short branches taken from each. Just off the top of the hill to the south.

 

 

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.  

Monday, May 7th

North Table Mountain, from Easley Road, Lithic Trail, North Table Loop, Mesa Top Trail, Cottonwood Canyon Trail, North Table Loop, to Lithic Trail and Easley Road.

Other articles: Lithic Trail at lower switchback
Full Size ImageColl. No, 1799, Celtis reticulata
Full Size ImageColl. No, 1799, Celtis reticulata  

1799  Field identification: Celtis reticulata.

Full Size Image
Coll. No. 1799, Celtis reticulata
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 1799, Celtis reticulata
Celtis reticulata Torr. Net-Leaved Hackberry.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower east slopes of North Table Mountain, along the upper portion of the Lithic Trail and nearby portions of the North Table Loop, 3.77 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7812N, 105.1926W. WGS 1984 Elev. 5826 ft. Several small trees scattered on the hillslope.

Other articles: North Table Loop at Coll. No. 1800
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1800, Amelanchier alnifolia  

1800  Field identification: Amelanchier alnifolia

Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roem. Saskatoon Serviceberry.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. A few small shrubs on slopes of northeast aspect, lower east slopes of North Table Mountain, 3.83 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7833N, 105.1946W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1796 m.

Coll. No. 1800-1801, 7 May 2018, characters oberved: Shrub, to 1 m.; Stems, branches unarmed; Leaves, simple, petiole, 8 mm., blade, 22-32 mm. × 19-32 mm. wide, veins, pinnate, surface, sparsely hairy above, sparsely to moderately hairy below, margin, serrate; Flowers, borne singly, pedicels, 10 mm., petals 9 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, color cream; Ovary, inferior, tip hairy; Styles, #(4)5;

Other articles: North Table Loop at Coll. No. 1801
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1801, Amelanchier alnifolia
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1801, Amelanchier alnifolia  

1801  Field identification: Amelanchier alnifolia

Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roem. Saskatoon Serviceberry.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Slopes of northeast aspect, lower east slopes of North Table Mountain, 4.00 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7854N, 105.1948W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1841 m. Beside North Table Loop, numerous small shrubs.

Coll. No. 1800-1801, 7 May 2018, characters oberved: Shrub, to 1 m.; Stems, branches unarmed; Leaves, simple, petiole, 8 mm., blade, 22-32 mm. × 19-32 mm. wide, veins, pinnate, surface, sparsely hairy above, sparsely to moderately hairy below, margin, serrate; Flowers, borne singly, pedicels, 10 mm., petals 9 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, color cream; Ovary, inferior, tip hairy; Styles, #(4)5;

Other articles: North Table Loop along trail
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1802, Corylus cornuta
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1802, Corylus cornuta  

1802  Field identification: Corylus cornuta, leaves just beginning, no reproductive parts.

Corylus cornuta Marshall. Beaked Hazelnut.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower northeast slopes of North Table Mountain, adjacent to North Table Loop, which has the appearance of once having been a road at this location, 4.55 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7922N, 105.1974W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1830 m. Tree, just beginning to leaf out, no reproductive structures. Determination tentative.

Other articles: Mesa Top Trail below closure Glossary petiolule
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1803, Medicago lupulina.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1803, Medicago lupulina  

1803  Field identification: Medicago lupulina

Full Size Image
Coll. No. 1803, Medicago lupulina
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Coll. No. 1803, Medicago lupulina
Medicago lupulina L. Black Medick.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Eastern slope of North Table Mountain, just below the rim of the mesa, beside the Mesa Top Trail which is a former road, 3.83 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7848N, 105.1974W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1830 m. Small yellow flowers on Mesa Top Trail.

Coll. No. 1803, 7 May 2018, characters observed: Annual herb, prostrate, to 1 cm. × 50 cm. wide; Leaves, compound, stipules, leaf-like, 6.5 mm., petioles, 11 mm., leaflets, #3, obovate, 5 mm. × 5-6 mm. wide, margin denticulate, middle leaflet extended beyond lateral leaflet on a petiolule; Inflorescence, compact axillary raceme, 8 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide; Sepals, 1 mm.; Flowers, 2 mm., color yellow; Fruit, unknown -- should be curved.

Other articles: Mesa Top Trail at bridge
Full Size ImageLocation of Coll. No. 1804, Juncus sp.  

1804  Field identification: Juncus interior, immature, determination tentative.

 

Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Trail at 1st tower  

1805  Field identification: Poa sp., at first tower.

Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Trail head of landslide
Full Size ImageLocation of Coll. No. 1806, Carex sp.  

1806  Field identification: Carex sp.

Other articles: Lithic Trail at Coll. No. 1807 Field Notes Coll. No. 1815, 10 May 2018
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 1807, Poa fendleriana
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1807, Poa fendleriana  

1807  Field identification: Poa sp.

Poa fendleriana (Steud.) Vasey. Muttongrass.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lowest eastern slopes of North Table Mountain, beside the Lithic Trail about mid-way between the Fairmont Ditch and North Table Loop, 3.80 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Golden, 39.7818N, 105.1927W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1777 m. "Reddish stems," actually reddish proximal sheaths, attracted me from trailside.

Coll. No. 1807, 7 May 2018, characters observed: Perennial grass, 50-60 cm., clumped, not rhizomatous; Roots, fibrous; Stems, herbaceous; Internodes, hollow, glabrous; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated; Sheath, 120 mm., open at least ½, minutely scabrous, reddish color proximally; Ligule, membraneous, 2 mm., auricles absent; Blade, 25 mm., scabrous, margin scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, > leaves, panicle, 110 mm. × 20 mm. wide, spikelets many; Rachis, sparsely scabrous on all sides, not extended beyond upper spikelet; Spikelets, many, similar, borne singly, one per node, stalked, 6 mm.; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, above the glumes; Glumes, lower 3.7 mm., upper 4.3 mm., veins 3(5); Florets, 5-6 per spikelet, pistillate; Axis, hairy, extended beyond upper floret; Lemma, 5 mm., > glumes, membraneous, keeled, keel and margin are villous proximally, hairs to 0.7 mm., veins definitely ≥3, maybe 5, parallel, tip entire, obtuse; Palea, 2.5 mm., <lemma, proximally villous, keels ciliate, margin glabrous; Stamens, none found; Ovary, glabrous, yellow-brown; Stigma, feathery;

Other articles: North Table Loop at bolts
Full Size ImageTwo of many bolts just below the North Table Loop.  

There is an area that has a double row of bolts just below the trail.

Other articles: North Table Loop at s. switchback
Full Size ImageBase of lava flow along North Table Loop.
Full Size ImageBase of lava flow along North Table Loop.  

At the switchback, it looks like the bottom of a lava flow is exposed.

 

 

Other articles: Mesa Spur Trail at W. 58th

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.  

Thursday, May 10th

 

Other articles: Mesa Spur Trail along trail
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1808, Lepidium perfoliatum
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1808, Lepidium perfoliatum  

1808  Field identification: Lepidium perfoliatum.

Full Size Image
Coll. No. 1808, Lepidium perfoliatum
Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Brassicaceae

Lepidium perfoliatum L.  Clasping Pepperweed.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. In the median and beside the Mesa Spur Trail, near the crossing of Ramstetter Creek, 130 m. south of W. 58th Avenue, surrounded on both sides by horse corrals and facilities, 5.07 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8006N, 105.2124W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1788 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1808. 11-May-2018

Full Size ImageLocation of Collections 1809 to 1812.1
Full Size ImageLocation of Collections 1809 to 1812.1
Full Size ImagePackera and Taraxacum, but can you see the Boechera?  
1809  Field identification: Leucocrinum montanum

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Anthericeae

Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray.  Star Lily.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lowest north slopes of North Table Mountain, on a small flat that appears to be a landslide run-out, 4.8 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7979N, 105.2088W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1820 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1809. 10-May-2018
  1810  Field identification: Astragalus agrestis
  1811  Field identification: Packera plattensis

Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 1812, Boechera fendleri
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1812, Boechera fendleri  
1812  Field identification: Boechera fendleri, determination tentative.
  1812.1  Field identification: Viola nuttallii

Other articles: North Table Loop near trl jct
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1813, Delphinium nuttallianum.  

1813  Field identification: Delphinium nuttallii

Other articles: North Table Loop above trl jct
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1814, Phlox, tentatively determined as P. multiflora.  

1814  Field identification: Phlox, maybe P. multiflora.

Other articles: Field Notes Coll. No. 1807, 7 May 2018
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1815, Poa fendleriana  

1815  Field identification: Koeleria macrantha, determination tentative.

Oh geez I can't get this thing into anything but Poa fendleriana but it is full of bisexual florets. Compare it to my Coll. No. 1807.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Poa fendleriana (Steud.) Vasey.  Muttongrass.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower north slopes of North Table Mountain, on the nose of a small ridge in the corner of the North Table Loop, 4.49 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7952N, 105.2107W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1849 m. Collected with Phlox multiflora and Carex inops var. heliophila.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1815. 10-May-2018

Coll. No. 1815, 10 May 2018, characters observed: Perennial grass, to 50 cm., clumped, not rhizomatous; Stem, herbaceous; Leaves, mostly basal, blade and sheath differentiated; (Cauline) Sheath, 55 mm., open at least ½, minutely scabrous; Ligule, membraneous, 1 mm.; Auricles, 0; (Cauline) Blade, 15-25 mm., rolled, margins minutely scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, contracted panicle, 85 mm. × 15 mm. wide, spikelets many; Rachis, not extended beyond the upper spikelet; Spikelets, many, similar, borne singly, stalked, narrowly rounded at base, 2-many flowered, 6.5 mm. × 3 mm. wide; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, unknown; Glumes, lower 3 mm., upper 3.5 mm., keeled, membraneous, awns 0; Florets, 5 per spikelet, bisexual; Rachilla, glabrous, extended beyond upper floret; Lemma, 3 mm., ovate, membraneous, keeled, sparsely villous on proximal keel and margin, veins, ≥3(5), tip entire, obtuse, awns, 0; Palea, 2.9 mm., <lemma, membraneous, keel ciliate; Anthers, 1.5-1.7 mm.; Ovary, glabrous; Stigma, feathery.

Becomes lost in keys requiring that all florets be pistillate, e.g., Shaw (2008) and Ackerfield (2015). Keys easily to Poa fendleriana in keys that do not mention that florets are unisexual or that plant is dioecious, e.g., Hitchcock (2ed, Chase, 1950), Harrington (2ed, 1964), Welsh, et al. (1993), Baldwin (2012), and Weber & Wittman (2012).

Other articles: North Table Loop above trl jct
Full Size ImageNorth slope, junction of North Table Loop and Mesa Spur Trail in foreground.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1816, Carex inops var. heliophila  

1816  Field identification: Carex inops var. heliophila.

Full Size Image
Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1816, Carex inops var. heliophila
Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Cyperaceae

Carex inops L.H. Bailey ssp. heliophila (Mack.) Crins.  Sun Sedge.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower north slopes of North Table Mountain, on the nose of a small ridge in the corner of the North Table Loop, 4.49 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7952N, 105.2107W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1851 m. Collected with Phlox multiflora and Poa fendleriana

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1816. 11-May-2018

Other articles: Mesa Spur Trail at Ramstetter Ck

Locations: Ramstetter Creek.
Full Size ImageRamstetter Creek east of Mesa Spur Trail.  

Cross Ramstetter Creek.

 

   

Saturday, May 12th

Prewalk of the Upper Washington Avenue Open Space in preparation for tomorrow's field trip.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1817, Packera plattensis  
1817  Field identification: Packera, Keyed out while fresh in the office to P. plattensis.

 

   

Sunday, May 13th

 

Other articles: Social Trail (Up. Wash. Ave. OS) west of top

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageField Trip group, May 13, 2018.  

Field trip to Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, 13 May 2018.

 

 

Locations: Kinney Run.  

Wednesday, May 16

Kinney Run, from Eagle Ridge Drive part way up to Tripp Ranch.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Deadman Gl
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1818, Barbarea vulgaris  

1818  Field identification: Barbarea vulgaris

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Deadman Gl  

1819  Field identification: Prunus americana.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Deadman Gl  

1820  Field identification: Thlaspi arvense.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Deadman Gl
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1821, Brassicaceae  

1821  Field identification: At first I thought this might be Camelina microcarpa, but now I'm not so sure. It needs a good keying out.
  1822  Field identification: Ribes aureum
  1823  Field identification: Ribes cereum.
  1824  Field identification: Zigadenus paniculatus gramineus
  1825  Field identification: Scutellaria brittonii
  1826  Field identification: Astragalus sp.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1827, Lithospermum arvense  
1827  Field identification: Lithospermum arvense.

--- Match with 1783.


Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1827.1, Cynoglossum officinale.  
1827.1  Field identification: Cynoglossum officinale.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at rock knob

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1828, Physaria vitulifera.  

1828  1828.1  1828.2 
Full Size Image
View of knob where some Physaria vitulifera grow.
Field identification: Physaria vitulifera. Coll. Nos. 1828.1 and 1828.2 subsumed here.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at rock knob

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageYard waste disposal on the ridge above Kinney Run.  

On the ridge east of Kinney Run. I was coming down the ridge towards the lime kiln and saw this coyote across the trail. I think I might have flushed it out of a hiding place just south of the lime kiln.

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View generally north of Kinney Run.
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View generally south of Kinney Run.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 1829, Erigeron flagellaris
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1829, Erigeron flagellaris  
1829  Field identification: Erigeron flagellaris

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.
Full Size ImageThe old homestead at Ranson/Edwards.
Full Size ImagePump near the old homestead.  

Thursday, May 17th

Ranson/Edwards

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North fence of Ranson/Edwards Homestead OSP
Full Size Image
Jog in property line across Coal Creek.
This was an attempt to pass by the old homestead and continue northeast to the northeast corner of the park. I returned to Plainview Road mainly by way of the old ranch road.
  1830  Field identification: Penstemon virens

 

  1831  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1832, Eleocharis sp.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1832, Eleocharis?  
1832  Field identification: Eleocharis sp.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1833, Prunus virginiana  
1833  Field identification: Prunus virginiana.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1834, Ribes aureum.  
1834  Field identification: Ribes aureum.

Full Size ImageHabit of Coll. No. 1835, Erysimum capitatum  
1835  Field identification: Erysimum capitatum

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1836, Arabis pycnocarpa var. pycnocarpa  
1836  Field identification: Brassicaceae, but likely Arabis pycnocarpa.
  1837  Field identification: Lomatium orientale.
  1838  Field identification: Draba, probably D. reptans.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1839, Boechera fendleri  
1839  Field identification: Boechera fendleri

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1840, Frasera speciosa  
1840  Field identification: Frasera speciosa.
  1841  Field identification: Rumex acetosella.
  1842  Field identification: Juncus interior.
  1843  Field identification: Plantago, probably P. major.
  1844  Field identification: Ribes cereum.

 

 

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageCoryphantha missouriensis  

Friday, May 18th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space
  1845  Field identification: Descurainia incisa, but a field trip attendee thought Sisymbrium.

Descurainia keys in Ackerfield's (2015) Key 1 (Plants with branched, forked, stellate, or dolabriform hairs), whereas Sisymbrium keys in Key 3 (Plants glabrous or with simple hairs; leaves with a sagittate or auriculate base).

  1846  Field identification: Thlaspi arvense
  1847  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus
  1848  Field identification: Astragalus agrestis
  1849  Field identification: Astragalus agrestis
  1850  Field identification: grass, fine light-green ring forming perennial bunch grass.
  1851  Field identification: Astragalus sp., not currently on my list.
  1852  Field identification: grass. Very small, annual, not Buffalo grass.
  1853  Field identification: grass. Revegetation bunch grass.
  1854  Field identification: Poa sp., probably P. pratensis
  1855  Field identification: Koeleria macrantha, determination tentative.
  1856  Field identification: Agropyron cristatum.

 

 

Locations: Tin Cup Ridge.
Full Size ImageCoryphantha missouriensis at Tin Cup Ridge.
Full Size ImageThe new boxes on the Bachman Ranch stand out.  

Wednesday, May 23rd

Tin Cup Ridge.

 

  1857  Field identification: Vicia americana

Full Size ImageButton-like caudex of Coll. No. 1858, Senecio integerrimus  
1858  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus
  1859  Field identification: Cerastium arvense
  1860  Field identification: Bromus tectorum
  1861  Field identification: Rhus aromatica trilobata.
  1862  Field identification: Lithospermum incisum
  1863  Field identification: Tragopogon dubius
  1864  Field identification: Asparagus officinale
  1865  Field identification: Castilleja integra
  1866  Field identification: Oenothera suffrutencens
  1867  Field identification: Ribes cereum
  1868  Field identification: Prunus virginiana

Full Size ImageLight-colored variant of Ericameria nauseosa  
Light-colored variant of Ericameria nauseosa
  1869  Field identification: Lappula redowski
  1870  Field identification: Cynoglossum officinale
  1871  Field identification: Arnica fulgens
  1872  Field identification: Arabis pycnocarpa
  1873  Field identification: Cryptantha virgata

Other articles: Tin Cup Ridge (social trail) on trail
Full Size ImageCamping supplies stashed on Tin Cup Ridge.  

Cache of camping supplies on Tin Cup Ridge.
  1874  Field identification: Lepidium draba

 

 

Other articles: North Table Loop at new const.

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.
Full Size ImageRebuilt trail on North Table Loop.  

Thursday, May 24th

North Table Mountain Park, trailhead poarking lot to Ramstetter Reservoir and back.

 

  1875  Field identification: Fabaceae; best guess back in the office: Vicia villosa
  1876  Field identification: Camelina microcarpa
  1877  Field identification: Androsace occidentalis
  1878  Field identification: Astragalus, probably A. flexuousus.
  1879  Field identification: Erigeron, probably E. tracyi.

Locations: Ramstetter Creek. Ramstetter Reservoir.
Full Size ImageRamstetter Reservoir seen from the dam.
Full Size ImageNorth Table Mountain from the dam of Ramstetter Reservoir.  

Ramstetter Reservoir
  1880  Field identification: Salix, probably S. exigua.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1881, Carex sp.  
1881  Field identification: Carex sp.
  South of Ramstetter Reservoir.
  1882  Field identification: Plantago patagonica

Full Size ImageSphaeralcea on the lowest slopes of North Table Mountain.  
Sphaeralcea coccinea

 

 

Locations: Colorado School of Mines Survey Field.
Full Size ImagePoison Ivy in the Survey Field.  

Monday, May 28th

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field.
  1883  Field identification: Camelina microcarpa
  1884  Field identification: Vicia americana
  1885  Field identification: Tragopogon dubius
  1886  Field identification: Salix sp., staminate.
  1887  Field identification: Arabis pycnocarpa
  1888  Field identification: Silene sp.
  1889  Field identification: Poa sp.
  1890  Field identification: Hesperostipa comata.
  1891  Field identification: Erigeron divergens
  1892  Field identification: Galium aparine.
  1893  Field identification: Koeleria macrantha
  1894  Field identification: Chicorieae, later tentatively determined as Crepis occidentalis.
  1895  Field identification: Lomatium orientale
  1896  Field identification: Linaria dalmatica

Full Size ImageHabitat of four collections in the Survey Field.  
1897  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus
  1898  Field identification: Hydrophyllum fendleri
  1899  Field identification: Androsace occidentalis
  1900  Field identification: Veronica, maybe V. arvensis

 

 

Locations: Little Scraggy Peak.
Full Size ImageJamesia americana “Five-Petal Cliffbush” on the flanks of Little Scraggy Peak.  

Thursday, May 31st

North slopes of Little Scraggy Peak.
  1901  Field identification: Erigeron sp.
  1902  Field identification: Packera plattensis
  1903  Field identification: Gilia sp.
  1904  Field identification: Harbouria trachypleura
  1905  Field identification: Grass, some sort of Poa sp.
  1906  Field identification: Mertensia lanceolata
  1907  Field identification: Androsace occidentalis
  1908  Field identification: Poa sp.
  1909  Field identification: Antennaria sp.
  1910  Field identification: Penstemon virens
  1911  Field identification: Potentilla sp.
  1912  Field identification: Scutellaria, I assume S. brittonii

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1913, Carex sp.  
1913  Field identification: Carex sp.

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Sunday, June 3rd

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space
  1914  Field identification: Packera plattensis
  1915  Field identification: Veronica sp.
  1916  Field identification: Carex
  1917  Field identification: Alopecurus carolinianus
  1918  Field identification: Limosella aquatica
  1919  Field identification: Sedum lanceolatum
  1920  Field identification: Oenothera suffrutescens
  1921  Field identification: Aegilops cylindrica
  1922  Field identification: Silene, maybe S. vulgaris.
  1923  Field identification: Veronica, probably V anagalis-aquatica
  1924  Field identification: Carex, probably C. nebrascensis

 

 

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.  

Friday, June 8th

North Table Mountain

Other articles: North Table Loop above social trail
Full Size ImageHabitat of Physocarpus monogynus on North Table Mountain.
Full Size ImagePackera plattensis in the quarry on top of North Table Mountain  

Physocarpus below the quarry road.
  1925  Field identification: Musineon divaricatum
  1926  Field identification: Gilia pinnifitida
  1927  Field identification: Townsendia grandiflora
  1928  Field identification: Sedge
  1929  Field identification: Hesperostipa comata
  1930  Field identification: Mimulus floribunda,
  1931  Field identification: Grass

Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 1932, undetermined grass.  
1932  Field identification: Grass, with dark gray florets.
  1933  Field identification: Gratiola neglecta

Literature Cited:
- Lve, skell, and Doris Lve, 1976.  

Packera Lve & Lve, gen. nov.

Plantae perennis, herbaceae. Caules non rite foliosi. Caudex sine rhizoma repens vel suberectus. Folia simplicia et integra ad lyrato-pinnatifida, folia radicalia petiolata, caulinaria amilia vel minora. Plantae glabratae alteruter ab initium vel plus minusve permanentes tomentosae; pubescentia nunquam e pilis longis articulatisque. Numerus basicus chromosomatum x = 23. Typus generis: Packera aurea (L.) Lve & Lve.

Herbaceous perennials. Stems not uniformly leafy to the inflorescences, arising from a horizontal to suberect caudex or rhizome. Leaves simple and entire to lyrate-pinnafitid, those at the base petiolate, gradually reduced upwards, or uniform throughout. Plants either quite glabrous from the beginning or more or less permanently tomentose; pubescence never of long jointed hairs. Basic chromosome number x = 23.

This mainly North and South American genus with a few representatives in Asia comprises the groups Aurei, Lobati and Tomentosi of the collective genus Senecio as described by Rydberg (1900) and Greenman (1916), which stand apart from the other divisions of the collective aggregate by having prolonged rhizomes, and if pubescence is present it is a tomentum of more or less arachnoid and never of long and jointed hairs, but persistent as flocculent tufts. Its morphological and geographical distinctions are enhanced by its basic chromosome number, which differs markedly from that of Senecio L. s. str. (x=10) and Tephroseris (Rchb.) Rchb. (x = 8) so that its distinction as a genus is biologically well substantiated. It is our pleasure to name the new genus in honour of John G. Packer, an oldtime friend who has contributed much to the clarification of the status of the arctic-alpine North American members of the taxon.

Literature Cited:
- Weber, W. A., and skell Lve, 1981.  

The North American taxa were transferred to Packera from Senecio by Weber & Lve (1981).

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Thursday, June 14th

Ranson/Edwards, primarily as a prewalk for the field trip on Saturday, but I made 9 collections including Hesperostipa spartea and Crassula aquatica
  1934  Field identification: Grass, office identification: Koeleria macrantha
  1935  Field identification: Hesperostipa spartea
  1936  Field identification: Hesperostipa spartea
  1937  Field identification: Crassula aquatica
  1938  Field identification: Brassicaceae.
  1939  Field identification: Carex of some sort.
  1940  Field identification: Amorpha fruticosa
  1941  Field identification: Hesperostipa spartea
  1942  Field identification: Heterotheca villosa

 

 

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageOrobanche fasciculata seen in Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageCoryphantha vivipara in the Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.  

Friday, June 15th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, mostly as a pre-walk for my field trip on Sunday.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1943, Astragalus crassicarpus  
1943  Field identification: Astragalus crassicarpus
  1944  Field identification: Hesperostipa spartea
  1945  Field identification: Hesperostipa comata
  1946  Field identification: Aegilops cylindrica
  1947  Field identification: that damned revegetation grass, office identification: Festuca idahoense
  1948  Field identification: Cactus, office identification: Opuntia macrorhiza
  1949  Field identification: Astragalus flexuosus

 

   

Monday, June 18th

Golden to Walden, CO.

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 14 at BNSF Xing US Highway 287 at BNSF Xing
Full Size ImageBNSF 5264 and NS 9580 lead a string of hoppers through downtown Fort Collins.
Full Size ImageBNSF 7648 and BNSF 5540 bring up the rear on a string of hopper cars.  

Stopped in Fort Collins for a BNSF train of hopper cars.

 

Other articles: Cty Rd 68C at Shambala Mtn Ctr

Locations: Great Stupa Cemetery.
Full Size ImageView of the Great Stupa from the visitor parking lot.  

Shambala Mountain Center

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The Great Stupa at the Shambala Mountain Center
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View from the Great Stupa.
 

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 14 at Laramie-Poudre tunnel Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer Laramie-Poudre Tunnel
Full Size ImageWater from Laramie-Poudre Tunnel cascades down Tunnel Creek to the Cache La Poudre River.  

Stop at Tunnel Creek to view the diverted water coming down from the Laramie-Poudre Tunnel.

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 14 just south of Cameron Pass just south of Cameron Pass just south of Cameron Pass at Cameron Pass Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer Cameron Pass Ditch overview Cameron Pass Ditch overview Michigan Ditch

Locations: Cameron Pass.
Full Size ImageInterpretive panel at Cameron Pass.  

Stop at Cameron Pass for obligatory photo, and viewing of the Michigan and Cameron Ditches.

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Interpretive panel for Forest Conservation.
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Informational sign for Cache la Poudre - North Park Scenic & Historic Byway.
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View a little east of south to Lulu Mountain on the right and Thunder Mountain on the left.
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Michigan Ditch approaches Colorado Highway 14.
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The water from Michigan Ditch exits through a gaging station.
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Cameron Pass, Larimer and Jackson Counties, Elevation 10, 276 feet.
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South water-gathering ditch of Cameron Pass Ditch
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Water-gathering ditches join and cross under the highway in a culvert.
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Cameron Pass Ditch transport ditch

Auto Tourism

Highway 14

The first Highway over Cameron Pass, completed in 1882 but the Cache la Poudre and North Park Toll Road Company, ran more than one hundred miles from Fort Collins to the silver camp of Teller. Travelers paid three dollars per wagon, with additional fees for herd and pack animals, for the privilege of laboring up a demanding, boulder-strewn route. Some stretches were so hard to navigate (especially steep Pingree Hill) they left teamsters cursing in frustration. Opened to free public travel in 1902, the road received much-needed improvements in the 1910s, with a smoother surface and an easier grade carved out by convict laborers. When the road reopened in 1915, two hundred automobiles drive to a celebratory picnic at milepost 109 (about forty miles east of here), motoring with ease over the once formidable route — and heralding a new generation of auto tourism.
The Autobungaloofer, seen here in 1921, epitomized America's craze for auto tourism. Serene mountain towns cleared trees and shrubs to make room for homes on wheels. For those who didn't think to bring the house with them, motels were built, while Mom and Pop made room for convenience stores, gift shops, and bait shops.
As early as 1896 John C. Zimmerman, with help from his wife and four children, built their second hotel, the Keystone. Most of the construction on the three-story, forty-room building, including brickmaking, was done by hand.
Convicts from the state penitentiary in Caon City completed much of the work in the Cache la Poudre and North Park Toll Road. In 1917 the Rocky Mountain News credited convicts working in the Poudre Canyon with having completed the most difficult work out of some 145 miles constructed within the state of Colorado.
By the 1870s, boom towns Lulu and Teller City, just west of bustling Fort Collins, were established and silver excitement was in the air. The Cache la Poudre and North Park Toll Road was built to provide smooth passage for trade.

Auto Tourism

By 1927 automobiles could drive the Cameron Pass roas all the way from Fort Collins to Walden — about a hundred miles. Toursim soon became a major industry in the Cache la Poudre corridor, with campgrounds and motor courts lining the valley. Ironically, this influx of people compromised the very attractions — solitude and beauty — that drew visitors in the first place. The paradox climaxed in the early 1970s, when developers proposed a ski area atop Cameron Pass to lure the Winter Olympics to Colorado. Local residents joined environmentalists from across the state to defeat the idea, but one element of the plan survived — an asphalt surface for unpaved Highway 14. That brought still more traffic, helping the economy but applying more pressure on the wilderness. The same trade-off confronts communities throughout Colorado, representing one of the biggest challenges of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

Forest Conservation

Pingree Park

During the construction of the transcontinental railroad in the late 1860s, the timber fell almost continuously in Pingree Park. Named for the legendary tie-hack George Pingree (who supposedly could cut a hundred ties a day), the tree-covered valley about seventeen miles east of here supplied the Union Pacific with much of its building material. Overcutting decimated the forests, and the site lay abandoned from the 1870s until 1912, when the Agricultural College of Colorado (later Colorado State University) acquired the land. The college, ironically, transformed this overused resource into a model of wise environmental management. Pingree Park became an outdoor classroom, anchoring one of the nation's leading natural resource programs. Colorado State produced so many U.S. Forest Service and National Park employees that it was named “the Ranger Factory” — a training ground for latter-day George Pingrees who build forests up rather than chopping them down.
The legendary George Pingree in 1859 — two years before enlisting in the U. S. Army at Central City. After the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864, Pingree served a ten-day sentence at Fort Lyon for scalping thirteen Indians. He resented his sentence and never regretted his part in the massacre.
In October 1986, Congress passed the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act to protect the few unpolluted, undeveloped rivers in the United States. Since then, over 10,000 river miles have been protected, including seventy-five miles of the Cache la Poudre — the only Colorado river pristine enough to allow designation.
Right: Grand Ditch construction camp, Hitchen's Gulch, 1942. Begun in the early 1900s, the Grand Ditch was among the first transmountain diversion structures built in the state. There are eight such structures carrying water from other river basins to the Poudre River to supplement it during warm summer months.
Tie-hacks were paid to cents per tie, and could usually cut thirty to forty a day. Legend has it that George Pingree, standing over six feet tall and weighing 225 pounds, could cut one hundred a day.

Irrigation

Farmers have been tapping the Cache la Poudre for irrigation since the early 1870s — and Colorado's government has been regulating the river almost as long. Because water is so scarce in Colorado, state legislators created a network of water districts in 1876 to ensure fair distribution among the various claimants. Since then, the system — based on the doctrine of prior appropriation, which gives top priority to the oldest claims — has governed water use throughout Colorado. By the mid-twentieth century, however, the nature of water regulation changed, with irrigation needs balanced against environmental, aesthetic, and recreational concerns. In October 1986, the federal government set aside seventy-five miles of the Cache la Poudre as a Wild and Scenic River, the only Colorado river so designated.

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 14 at scenic view
Full Size ImageView from Colorado Highway 14.  

Scenic view from Colorado Highway 14.

 

   

Tuesday, June 19th

 

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 14 in Walden

Locations: Walden.
Full Size ImageDowntown Walden in the morning.  

Early breakfast for moose-viewing.

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 14 at overlook

Locations: Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge. Illinois River.
Full Size ImageOverview of the Illinois River in the Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge.  

Overlook of the Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge just south of Walden.

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 14 at Owl Ck

Locations: Owl Creek.
Full Size ImageMoose at Owl Creek.  

Moose at Owl Creek.

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Moose at Owl Creek.
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Where we saw the moose (in the field at left).
 

Other articles: Cty Rd 41 on the road
Full Size ImageColumbine along CR 41  

State Forest State Park

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 14 at Ranger Lks at scenic view Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer Upper Michigan Ditch

Locations: Ranger Lakes.
Full Size ImageOne of the Ranger Lakes with Nokhu Crags in the distance.  

Ranger Lakes, campground and nature trail. The artificial lakes were constructed as fish-rearing ponds, now used for fish-catching ponds.

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Michigan Ditch on the slopes of the Nokhu Crags.
 

Other articles: Laramie River Road at Skyline Ditch at Chambers Lake Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer transport delivery

Locations: Chambers Lake.
Full Size ImageChambers Lake from Laramie River Road.  

Chambers Lake and the Skyline Ditch.

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Gate at the Skyline Ditch road.
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Water approaches the end of the Skyline Ditch.
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Check valve at the entrance of Skyline Ditch into Chambers Lake.
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Immature pistillate cone on Rocky Mountain Subalpine Fir
 

Other articles: Laramie River Road along road

Locations: Laramie River.
Full Size ImageLooking north down the Laramie River valley.  

View of Laramie River valley and an eagle nest.

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An eagle nest beside the road.
 

Other articles: Laramie River Road near Tunnel CG

Locations: Laramie River.
Full Size ImageFrasera speciosa along Laramie River Road.  

Near Tunnel Campground, saw these striking specimens of Frasera speciosa. The flowers are borne at a higher level above the ground than the specimens usually seen in the Front Range, and the flowers are on long pedicels.

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Long peduncles and pedicels on Frasera speciosa/
 

Other articles: Laramie River Road at Laramie-Poudre Tunnel Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer Laramie-Poudre Tunnel Laramie-Poudre Tunnel

Locations: Laramie-Poudre Tunnel.
Full Size ImageWater leaves the headgate enroute to the tunnel portal.  

Laramie-Poudre Tunnel

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Ditch tender lowering the head gates.
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River return gates.
 

Other articles: Cty Rd 27 45000
Full Size ImageSouth end of North Park from Owl Ridge.
Full Size ImageAntelope in Owl Mountain SWA.  

South on County Road 27 to Rand.

 

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 125 at Arapahe NWR

Locations: Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge.
Full Size ImageNature trail on the Illinois River.  

Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge, for a boardwalk.

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Illinois River in Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge.
 

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 14 in Walden
Full Size ImageUnion Pacific caboose in Walden.  

Union Pacific caboose at the south end of Walden, approximately where the railroad used to run.

 

 

Other articles: Forest Road 106 at FR 734

Locations: Willow Creek.
Full Size ImageLocation of Coll. Nos. 1950-1956  

Wednesday, June 20th

Willow Creek on the north side of the Rabbit Ears Range.

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Location of Coll. Nos. 1950-1956
 
  1950  Field identification: Penstemon sp.
  1951  Field identification: Linum lewisii
  1952  Field identification: Arabis sp. or Boechera sp.
  1953  Field identification: Ipomopsis aggregata
  1954  Field identification: Lupinus sp.
  1955  Field identification: Dicot, office guess: Valeriana occidentalis
  1956  Field identification: Potentilla sp., office guess: P. gracilis.

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 125 Willow Creek Pass

Locations: Willow Creek Pass.
Full Size ImageWillow Creek Pass, Elevation 9683 Feet  

Willow Creek Pass. I guess the bicyclist didn't want his photo taken.

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 125 at meadow at dike
Full Size ImageMeadow in Pass Creek
Full Size ImageDike along the highway.  

Meadow and dike just south of Willow Creek Pass.

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The view in the opposite direction, probably of Parkview Mountain.
 

Other articles: Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer Berthoud Pass Ditch US Hwy 40 at Berthoud Pass

Locations: BerthoudPassDitch.
Full Size ImageThe Berthoud Ditch must be underground at this place.  

Stopped at Berthoud Pass to look for the Berthoud Ditch. Decided it was probably underground at this location.

 

Other articles: Forest Road 144 65000

Locations: Henderson Mine.
Full Size ImageEntrance to the Henderson Mine.  

Henderson Mine

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Red Mountain, partially caved by mining at the Henderson Mine.
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Mine ventilation exhaust at Henderson Mine
 

 

   

Thursday, June 21st

North Table Mountain Park, to find Heliotropium curassivacum
  1957  Field identification: Hesperostipa, maybe H. spartea
  1958  Field identification: Plagiobothrys scouleri var. hispidulus

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1959, Heliotropium curassavicum
Full Size ImageLocation of Coll. No. 1959, Heliotropium curassavicum
Full Size ImageLocation of Coll. No. 1959, Heliotropium curassavicum  
1959  Field identificaton: Heliotropium curassavicum

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Coll. No. 1959, Heliotropium curassavicum
 
  1959.1  Field identification: Juncus bufonius
  1959.2  Field identification: Grass.
  1959.2  Field identification: Potentilla norvegica
  1960  Field identification: Ranunculus, maybe R. sceleratus
  1960.1  Field identification: Probably Bromus tectorum, but very red.
  1960.2  Field identification: Definitely Veronica, maybe V. americana

 

   

Thursday, June 28th

Scheduled to be a hot day in the Front Range, we went to the high country.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 near Loveland Pass at Loveland Pass near Loveland Pass

Locations: Loveland Pass. Pass Lake.
Full Size ImageEast portal of the Eisenhower-Johnson Tunnels.  

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Loveland Pass.
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View west from Loveland Pass looking into the Colorado River drainage.
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View east from Loveland Pass looking into the South Platte River drainage.
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Penstemon whippleanus on Loveland Pass.
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Pass Lake below the summit of Loveland Pass.
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Hymenoxys grandiflora at Pass Lake
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Minuartia obtusiloba ??
Loveland Pass and vicinity.

Literature Cited:
- Todd, Andrew S., Diane M. McKnight, and Sabre M. Duren, 2005.

Other articles: Peru Creek Road Vidler Tunnel at tailings pile 34000 Shoe Basin Mine 36000

Locations: Anderson Tunnel Mine. Horseshoe Basin. Peru Creek.  

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Looking down canyon.
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Cheryl sits on a rock in Horseshoe Basin.
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Looking up basin.
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Cascade from a tarn above.
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The unmistakeable Cirsium scopulorum along the old road.
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Peru Creek is crossed by the Argentine Trail.
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Argentine Trailhead and parking lot
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Anderson Tunnel Mine portal
Horseshoe Basin, walk up to Vidler Tunnel from Argentine Pass Trailhead.

Other articles: Peru Creek Road Vidler Tunnel Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer the Inlet

Locations: Vidler Tunnel.
Full Size ImagePortal of the Vidler Tunnel  

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Water collection system for the Vidler Tunnel.
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Portal of the Vidler Tunnel
Portal of the Vidler Tunnel.

 

Literature Cited:
- Langley, Alli, 2015.
- Laughlin, Breeana, 2013.

Other articles: Peru Creek Road 38000

Locations: Pennsylvania Mine.  

Pennsylvania Mine

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Information sign on the portal of the Pennsylvania Mine.
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Portal of the Pennsylvania Mine.

Pennsylvania Mine.

Portal Rehabilitation Project.

The Pennsylvania Mine drains heavy metal laden water into Peru Creek, a tributary of the Snake River, and results in one of the most significant single loading sources contributing to water quality degradation. The mine is developed on six different “levels,” designated A through F, with A being the highest in elevation and F at the bottom.
The first goal of the project is to establish safe access to the underground workings on both Level F and Level C of the Pennsylvania Mine. Following conplretion of the project, underground investigations will be conducted to provide a more comprehensive understanding of mine hydrology and eventual remedy selection.
Project managed and developed by: Colorado Division of Reclamation Mining & Safety.

 

Other articles: Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer Roberts Tunnel intake

Locations: Dillon Reservoir.
Full Size ImageIntake facility of Roberts Tunnel.  

Lake Dillon

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Dillon Reservoir, Roberts Tunnel intake on distant peninsula.
Dillon Reservoir, to see the Roberts Tunnel intake.

 

 

Locations: Kinney Run.  

Friday, July 7th

Illinois Avenue to Kinney Run

Other articles: Illinois Street at Deadman Gl
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1961, Solanum triflorum  

1961  Field identification: Solanum triflorum
  1962  Field identification: Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
  1963  Field identification: Nyctaginaceae, later in the office: Mirabilis nyctaginea
  1964  Field identification: Scrophularia lanceolata
  1965  Field identification: Scirpus pallidus
  1966  Field identification: Ratibida columnifera
  1967  Field identification: Heterotheca villosa
  1968  Field identification: Thistle, later in-office guess: Carduus nutans
  1969  Field identification: Solidago, maybe S. nana.
  1970  Field identification: Lonicera, maybe L. morrowii

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Friday, July 13th

Ranson/Edwards
  1971  Field identification: Nasella viridula

 

  1972  Field identification: Aristida purpurea

 

  1973  Field identification: Helianthus pumilus

 

  1974  Field identification: Eriogonum alatum

Also Coll. No. 1975 nearby.

  1975  Field identification: Eriogonum alatum

Also Coll. No. 1974 nearby.

  1976  Field identification: Elymus elymoides

 

  1977  Field identification: Monarda fistulosa

 

  1977.1  Field identification: Potentilla recta

 

  1977.2  Field identification: Lysimachia sp.

 

  1978  Field identification: Schoenoplectus tabermontanae

 

  1979  Field identification: Agrostis gigantea

 

  1980  Field identification: Agrostis stolonifera

 

  1981  Field identification: Muhlenbergia montana

 

 

   

Sunday, July 15th

 

Other articles: Alaska Street at 633 Alaska
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1982, Campanula glomerata
Full Size ImageLandscape that includes Campanula glomerata  

1982  Field identification: Enigmatus purpurea, office: Campanula glomerata “Genti Blue”

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Coll. No. 1982, Campanula glomerata

Coll. No. 1982, 15 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, 40-50 cm., spreading by underground stems; Leaves, basal, withered at anthesis, cauline, alternate, sessile, lanceolate-oblong, 110 mm. × 41 mm. wide, reduced above, setose, crenate; Inflorescence, appears head-like, but flowers in crowded axils subtended by a reduced leaf 35 mm. × 20 mm. wide; Bract, leaf-like, 6 mm. × 2 mm. wide, triangular, strigose, crenulate, ciliate; Calyx, tube 4 mm. + lobes 7 mm., narrowly acuminate, sparsely ciliate; Hypanthium, 3.5 mm.; Corolla, tube 11 mm. + lobes 5 mm., color purple; Stamens, #5, included; Filaments, scale-like, white, hairy; Anthers, 4 mm., yellow. Ovary, inferior; Style, 12 mm.; Stigma, 3-lobed;

 

 

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.  

Thursday, July 19th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space as a pre-walk for my field trip on Saturday, July 21st.

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Friday, July 20th

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space as a pre-walk for my field trip on Sunday.
  1983  Field identification: Saponaria officinalis

 

 

   

Monday, July 23rd

Golden to Leadville

 

Other articles: CO Highway 91 at Fremont Pass

Locations: Climax. Fremont Pass.
Full Size ImageSmall interpretive exhibit about Climax at Fremont Pass.  

Climax

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Climax: Where Colorado History is Still Being Made
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Fremont Station Observatory
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Climax Interpretive Site
 

Other articles: Forest Road 134 near bottom

Locations: Chalk Creek.
Full Size ImageWonder what is buried here  

Collecting at Chalk Creek

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Collecting Locality, Coll. Nos. 1984-90
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Collecting Locality, Coll. Nos. 1984-90
 
  1984  Field identification: Lupinus sp.

 

  1985  Field Identification: Linanthus sp.

 

  1986  Field identification: Heterotheca sp.

 

  1987  Field identification: Campanula rotundifolia, determination tentative.

 

  1988  Field identification: Erigeron/i> sp.

 

  1989  Field identification: Potentilla sp.

 

  1990  Field identification: Hymenoxys sp.

 

Other articles: Colorado Highway 300 at hatchery

Locations: Leadville National Fish Hatchery.
Full Size ImageLeadville National Fish Hatchery  

Leadville National Fish Hatchery

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Leadville National Fish Hatchery
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View of Leadville across the valley from the Leadville National Fish Hatchery.
 

Locations: Leadville.
Full Size ImageEvening thunder shower in Leadville  

In Leadville. Dinner at Tennessee Pass Caf.

 

 

   

Tuesday, July 24th

Leadville to Aspen and return.

 

Other articles: CO-82 at Twin Lks

Locations: Twin Lakes.
Full Size ImageTwin Lakes Reservoir  

Twin Lakes

 

Other articles: CO-82 at Graham Gl Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer outlet

Locations: Graham Gulch.
Full Size ImageOutlet of Twin Lakes Tunnel.  

Graham Gulch

 

Literature Cited:
- Elliott, D. R., and D. L. Elliott, 1999.

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley

Locations: Brumley.  

Brumley

Full Size Image
View up-canyon from Brumley.
 
  1991  Field identification: Lupinus sp.

 

  1992  Field identification: Packera sp.

 

  1993  Field identification: Bromus sp.

 

  1994  Field identification: Muhlenbergia sp.

 

  1995  Field identification: Mimulus sp. s. l.

 

  1996  Field identification: Pedicularis sp.

 


Full Size ImageColl. No. 1997, Packera crocata  
1997  Field identification: Packera sp., maybe P. crocata

 

  1998  Field identification

 

  1999  Field identification: grass

 

  2000  Field identification: Castilleja sulphurea

 

  2000.1  Field identification: Swertia perennis

 

Other articles: CO-82 at Cty Line

Locations: Independence Pass. North Fork Lake Creek.
Full Size ImageSawatch Range from Independence Pass  

Independence Pass

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Valley of North Fork Lake Creek from Independence Pass
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On Independence Pass before our descent into Aspen.
 
  Lost Man Ditch

 

  An abortive picnic lunch in proletariat-hostile Aspen.

It had to do with an employee of the Aspen Welcome Center yelling at me that I was going to get a ticket if I parked there more than 15 minutes from the moment that I drove into the lot. Some spots were signed for 15 minutes; others including one I chose were not. Helpfully the employee called the meter maid to explain to me that the 15 minute rule applied to all spots in the lot regardless of signage or lack thereof. When we left at about the 20-25 minute mark, the other eight cars in the lot had not moved nor were they ticketed.

Other articles: CO-82 at Independence

Locations: Independence.
Full Size ImageThe Ghost Town of Independence  

Independence

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Independence, Colorado.
 
  North Fork Lake Creek

 

Other articles: US Highway 24 at narrows
Full Size ImageRoadside Interpretive Panel.  

Interpretive Panel — Granite, Lake County.

 

Other articles: US Highway 24 at 6th St. at 4th St.

Locations: Leadville.
Full Size ImageHow Leadville solves the neighborhood parking problem.  

In Leadville

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Downtown Leadville
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Downtown Leadville
We walked downtown for dinner at Treeline Kitchen. I had the bruschetta and the duck confit. The tomato on the bruschetta was a roast tomato, pretty good. The duck was good, but I didn't think the beans were fully cooked. Cheryl assured me that they were cooked to her liking.

 

   

Wednesday, July 25th

Today we north of Leadville on US Highway 24. I wanted to see Burton Ditch at Tennessee Pass, and Wurtz Ditch nearby, and find an interesting place to collect up that way. I was envisioning an open meadow.

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Tennessee Park

Locations: Tennessee Park.
Full Size ImageView southwest in Tennessee Park  

Tennessee Park

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View northwest of Tennessee Park.
As near as I can tell, nothing particularly significant occurred in the moderately-sized Tennessee Park.

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Tennessee Pass

Locations: Tennessee Pass.
Full Size ImageTennessee Pass  

Tennessee Pass

At Tennessee Pass is the 10th Mountain Division Memorial. There was also a memorial to the 99th Batallion that was comprised of Norwegian citizens and Americans of Norwegian descent.

Other articles: Forest Road 101 near Cooper Hill at Burton Ditch Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer Ewing Ditch

Locations: Burton Ditch.
Full Size ImageWater from the Burton Ditch flows into the Arkansas River basin.  

Burton Ditch and Cooper Ski Hill.

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Sawatch Range west of Tennessee Pass.
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Cooper Hill Ski Area
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Burton Ditch gaging station at the continental divide.
 

Other articles: Forest Road 705 80000 Colorado Transbasin Water Transfer 22050 22060

Locations: Wurts Ditch.
Full Size ImageWater in the Wurtz Ditch crosses the contenental Divide.  

Wurtz Ditch

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Water enters the Arkansas River basin from the Wurtz Ditch.
The Wurtz Ditch Road is pretty good. It has one short, steep section with a little erosion.

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc

Locations: North Fork West Tennessee Creek.
Full Size ImageAbandoned beaver pond on North Fork West Tennessee Creek.  

North Fork West Tennessee Creek

Forest Road 131 to Lily Lake and beyond was pretty rough. I got as far as the crossing of North Fork West Tennessee Creek, then parked. I collected right around there, and we did not get as far as Lily Lake.

  2001  Field identification: unknown Liliaceae

 

  2002  Field identification: Brassicaceae

 

  2003  Field identification: Senecio sp.

 

  2004  Field identification: Rhodiola sp., maybe R. rhodantha

 

  2005  Field identification: Erigeron sp.

 

  2006  Field identification: Arnica sp.

 

  2007  Field identification: Rumex crispus

 

  2008  Field identification: Epilobium sp.

 

  2009  Field identification: Solidago sp

 

  2010  Field identification: discoid Asteraceae

 

  2011  Field identification: grass

 

Other articles: County Road 21 at D&RGW shanty US Highway 24 at CR 21
Full Size ImageEriogonum jamesii beside the D&RGW track.
Full Size ImageShanty and signal mast, all vnadalized.  

Tennessee Pass on the D&RGW

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East portal of the Tennessee Pass Tunnel
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East portal of the Tennessee Pass Tunnel
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East portal of the Tennessee Pass Tunnel
We drove down County Road 21 a short distance to the D&RGW tracks at Tennessee Pass. Along the way we passed some foundations. Older maps show there were buildings here, which I assume were for railroad workers. At trackside was a couple of vandalized shanties and signal equipment. A lot of the copper cabling has been cut away. The tunnel portal is extensively tagged. We had a quiet lunch here with a view of the Sawatch Mountains in the distance.
  In Leadville

After a short rest we walked into downtown Leadville for dinner a second night at Treeline Kitchen. I had the bruschetta again and the roast steak. It was pretty good.

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Wilson, Anna Burack, and P. K. Sims, 2003.

Locations: Leadville.
Full Size Image#641 on display in Leadville.  

Thursday, July 26th

Leadville to Golden

C&S Engine 641, the line's last operating standard-gauge steam locomotive, used on the Climax-Leadville run until 1962.

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Crane Park

Locations: Crane Park.
Full Size ImageCrane Park where we saw a moose cow and two calves.  

Moose in Crane Park

 

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Camp Hale

Locations: Camp Hale.
Full Size ImageCamp Hale.  

Camp Hale

Camp Hale, between Red Cliff and Leadville in the Eagle River valley in Colorado, was a U.S. Army training facility constructed in 1942 for what became the 10th Mountain Division. It was named for General Irving Hale and was at an elevation of 9,200 feet (2,800 m) above sea level. Onslow S. Rolfe, who had developed mountain warfare techniques as commander of the 87th Mountain Infantry Regiment, was selected to command Camp Hale. Alpine and Nordic skiing, cold-weather survival as well as various weapons and ordnance. When it was in full operation, approximately 15,000 soldiers were housed there.

Other articles: US Highway 24 near Red Cliff

Locations: Red Cliff.
Full Size ImageEagle Street in Red Cliff  

Red Cliff

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Water Street in Red Cliff
Red Cliff is off of US Highway 24 to the east. The town is a former mining camp situated in the canyon of the upper Eagle River just off U.S. Highway 24 north of Tennessee Pass. It was founded in 1879 during the Colorado Silver Boom by miners from Leadville who came over Tennessee Pass scouting for better prospects. The name derives from the red quartzite cliffs surrounding the town. As the first community in the Eagle Valley, it served temporarily as the first county seat of Eagle County.

Literature Cited:
- Wilson, Anna Burack, and P. K. Sims, 2003.

Other articles: US Highway 24 near Gilman

Locations: Gilman.  

Gilman

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Gilman and the Eagle Mine.
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Gilman and the Eagle Mine.
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Gilman
Gilman is an abandoned mining town in southeastern Eagle County, Colorado, United States. Founded in 1886 during the Colorado Silver Boom, the town later became a center of lead and zinc mining in Colorado, centered on the now-flooded Eagle Mine. The station on the D&RGW along the Eagle River below was named Belden.

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Minturn

Locations: Minturn.
Full Size ImageThe Turntable Restaurant in Minturn  

Minturn

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D&RGW yard in Minturn.
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Downtown Minturn
Minturn was developed primarily as a railroad town in the late 1800s. The Rio Grande railroad line extended across the state of Colorado and Minturn was an important railroad division point. Railroad workers from around the country settled in Minturn, where they installed extra engines in railroad cars for more power over steep mountain passes.
  to Golden

 

 

 

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail near intersection

Locations: Heritage Dells.
Full Size ImageThe southern part of proposed mountain bike trail, Segment 4.  

Sunday, August 8th

I went to Kinney Run to look at proposed Segment 4 of the propsed Singletrack Sidewalks. This slope has already been reclaimed because of a trail going directly down slope.

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Hellmund Associates, 1998.

Other articles: Chimney Gulch Trail above trail junction below trail junction just below Welch Ditch below Welch Ditch
Full Size ImageTypical narrow cross-section of the Chimney Gulch Trail.  

Saturday, August 11th

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Trail widened to 9 feet.
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Intersection with the old trail.
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The old closed trail used by mountain bikers and hikers.
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Typical trail widening on the upper part of a curve.
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Rattlesnake on the Chimney Gulch Trail.
I went to the lower portion of the Chimney Gulch Trail to look at trail widths. The narrowest spots were 3 feet wide. Five and 6 foot widths were common, and the widest place was 9 feet on the straight and level. Turns, though were a different matter. Curves were typically 11 feet wide on the upper side of the curve, with an additional 3 feet of cut bank above that. At the former trail junction, the crossbucks have been moved and the old trail is on common use by both foot traffic and bicycles.

 

 

Other articles: US Interstate 25 at Exit 54

Locations: Chugwater.
Full Size ImageEntrance to Chugwater, Wyoming.  

Monday, August 13th

Golden to Sheridan, WY

 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 w. of Guernsey
Full Size ImageInterpretive panel for Rifle Pit Hill along US Highway 26.  

Rifle Pit Hill

 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 in Guernsey

Locations: Guernsey. Oregon Trail.
Full Size ImageOregon Trail Ruts interpretive site.  

Guernsey Ruts

Oregon Trail Ruts State Historic Site is a preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River, about 0.5 miles south of Guernsey, Wyoming. The Oregon Trail here was winding up towards South Pass. Wagon wheels, draft animals, and people wore down the trail about two to six feet into a sandstone ridge here, during its heavy usage from 18411869. The half-mile stretch is "unsurpassed" and is the best-preserved set of Oregon Trail ruts anywhere along its former length.

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Oregon Trail Ruts through a sandstone ridge.
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Oregon Trail Ruts interpretive panel.
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View of Gurnsey from the nearby Oregon Trail Ruts.
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Oregon Trail Ruts through a sandstone ridge.
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Encampments in the Guernsey Area.
 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 in Guernsey

Locations: Register Cliff.
Full Size ImageRegister Cliff State Historic Site.  

Register Cliff Monument

Register Cliff is a sandstone cliff and featured key navigational landmark prominently listed in the 19th century guidebooks about the Oregon Trail, and a place where many emigrants chiseled the names of their families on the soft stones of the cliff it was one of the key checkpoint landmarks for parties heading west along the Platte River valley west of Fort John, Wyoming which allowed travelers to verify they were on the correct path up to South Pass and not moving into impassable mountain terrains.

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Interpretive panel at Register Cliff
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Local ranchers dug this tunnel into Register Cliff to store their crops.
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Encampments in the Guernsey Area.
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Registrations at Register Cliff; mostly modern.
 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 w. of Guernsey
Full Size ImageOne of many signs along the highway showing where a historic trail crosses.  

One of many signs that show places that a historic trail crosses a modern road.

 

Other articles: US Interstate 25 s. of Orin Jct.
Full Size ImageA loaded and an empty BNSF coal train meet between Glendo and Orin, Wyoming.  

Two BNSF coal trains meet between Orin Junction and Glendo.

 

Other articles: US I-90 in Sheridan

Locations: Sheridan.
Full Size ImageAll the busses with their backsides turned to the tourists in the hotel.  

Sheridan

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CB&Q 5631 a 4-8-4 “Northern” on display in Sheridan, WY
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The Original 1892 Wood Sheridan Railroad Depot
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The 1912 Brick Sheridan Railroad Depot
Stayed the night in Sheridan. Ate dinner at Wyoming Creek and Cattle Co.

 

   

Tuesday, August 14th

Sheridan, WY to Butte, MT

 

 

Other articles: US I-90 at Exit 510

Locations: Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument.
Full Size ImageIn the shelter of the Native American monument  

Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument

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Monument to the U. S. Cavalry soldiers.
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Native American monument at Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument.
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“Custer had it coming”
 

 

Other articles: US I-90 at Exit 408

Locations: Columbus. Yellowstone River.
Full Size ImageThe Yellowstone River in Columbus, Montana  

Columbus

Lunch and a view of the Yellowstone River.

 

   

Wednesday, August 15th

Butte, MT to Spokane, WA

 

Other articles: US I-90 in Butte

Locations: Butte. Our Lady of the Rockies.
Full Size ImageWorld Museum of Mining on the Montana Tech campus.  

Butte, Montana

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Our Lady of the Rockies above Butte, MT
 

Other articles: US I-90 in Couer D'Alene

Locations: Couer D'Alene.
Full Size ImageLake Couer D'Alene.  

CouerD'Alene

Smoky, smoky, smoky,

 

   

Thursday, August 16th

Spokane, WA to Seattle, WA

 

Locations: Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park. Vantage.
Full Size ImageGinkgo Petrified Forest State Park.
Full Size ImageGinkgo leaf fossil.  

 

 

Other articles: US I-90 at Olmstead Place

Locations: Olmstead Place State Park.
Full Size ImageSchool house at the Olmstead Place.  

Olmstead Place State Park

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The original Olmstead cabin.
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Barn
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Olmstead Place State Park.
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Family house.
 

Other articles: US I-90 96120

Locations: Cle Elum.
Full Size ImageMap of Rail Yard Trail  

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Milwaukee Road caboose and section house.
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Milwaukee Road depot in Cle Elum.
Former Milwaukee Road rail yard.

Other articles: US I-90 at Exit 25

Locations: Snoqualmie Falls.
Full Size ImageSnoqualmie Falls on a smoky day.  

Brief stop at Snoqualmie Falls.

 

   

Friday, August 17th

Seattle, WA

 

Locations: Seattle.
Full Size ImageThe Panama Hotel in Seattle's International District.
Full Size ImageSeattle on a smoky day.  

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The troll under the bridge.
Leslie gave us the complete cultural tour of Seattle.

The Panama Hotel is known for the rich Japanese American history before and during World War II. The hotel is known for housing the belongings of the Japanese families in Seattle once Executive Order 9066 was enacted and the evacuation of Japanese to internment camps. After the Japanese American internment, most of the Seattle-based families were not able to return due to death, financial constraints, and relocation; their belongings still reside in the basement of the hotel. It is also known as being the namesake of the novel Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet by Jamie Ford (WikiPedia).

 

 

Other articles: U. S. Interstate 5 12300

Locations: Fairhaven.
Full Size ImageWe had dinner at the Colphon Caf under the bookstore at right.  

Saturday, August 18th

Seattle, WA to Ladner, BC

 

 

   

Sunday, August 19th

Ladner, BC to Sointula, BC

 

Other articles: BC Hwy 17 at Tsawwassan Ferry Term.

Locations: Tsawwassen.
Full Size ImageFerry departs the Tsawwasswn Ferry Terminal.  

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Departing Tsawwassen, our ferry was fully loaded.
 

Other articles: BC Hwy4A at Old Country Mkt

Locations: Coombs.
Full Size ImageGoats on a Roof.  

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Cheryl at Goats on a Roof.
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Goat on the roof.
Goats on a Roof for lunch.

Other articles: BC Hwy 19 near Roberts Lake

Locations: Roberts Lake.
Full Size ImagePink potties for the ladies in Canda.  

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Roberts Lake through the forest fire smoke.
Roberts Lake through the smoke.

 

   

Monday, August 20th

 

Other articles: 1 St 48700 at cabin

Locations: Sointula.
Full Size ImageA very smokey first morning in Sointula.  

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The deer are small black-tailed deer.
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Zorba tries out Cheryl's lap.
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Gift shop at Sointula Harbor
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Sointula Harbor.
Our first morning in Sointula it was very smokey. We stayed around town and had dinner at the Burger Barn.

 

 

Other articles: Telegraph Cove Road Telegraph Cove

Locations: Broughton Strait. Telegraph Cove.
Full Size ImageThe harbour at Telegraph Cove.  

Tuesday, August 21st

Telegraph Cove and return. Dinner at Sportsman's Steak and Pizza House, and then back to Sointula on the 7:40 PM ferry. This entailed a ride to Alert Bay and then to Sointula.

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Canada Department of Fisheries and Oceans boat enters Telegraph Cove; Orca fin in middleground.
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Some Orcas we saw off Telegraph Cove.
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The black behemoth, our trusty steed, rides backward on the leg to Alert Bay.
 

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Hora, Zdenek D., and Kirk D. Hancock, 2008.

Other articles: Fir Street near ferry at Maple Beach Drive at ferry 1 St at cabin bet 18 & 19 Ave

Locations: Alert Bay. Broughton Strait. Haddington Island. Sointula.  

Wednesday, August 22nd

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A sail boat motors by our cabin in the morning.
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Some interesting shingle work on a garage in Sointula.
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Coming into Port McNeil.
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The black behemoth re-enters the ferry on a “Turnaround” move.
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Haddington Island from ferry to Alert Bay.
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Waterfront at Alert Bay.
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Boardwalk along Fir Street.
 

 

Other articles: Fir Street 63000
Full Size ImageTotem pole.
Full Size ImageTotem pole.  

'Namgis Burial Ground

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Totem pole.
 

 

Other articles: Front Street U'mista Cultural Centre

Locations: Alert Bay.
Full Size ImageU'mista Cultural Center  

U'mista Cultural Center

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Boat docks at the north harbour.
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The Council of Elders.
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Totem pole at U'mista Cultural Center.
No photography inside.

 

 

Other articles: 1 St at cabin

Locations: Broughton Strait. Sointula.
Full Size ImageSmoke cleared out in the morning.  

Thursday, August 23rd

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Kitchen of cabin.
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Ferry arriving in Sointula.
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Our group at Big Lake.
 

 

 

Locations: Bere Point. Mitchell Bay.
Full Size ImageViewing platform at Bere Point.
Full Size ImageThe rubbing beach at Bere Point.  

Friday, August 24th

Full Size Image
The Red Barn on Mitchell Bay
 

 

 

Other articles: Beach Drive at ferry 1 St at 13 Ave at 17 Ave

Locations: Cormorant Island. Malcolm Island. Port McNeil. Sointula.
Full Size ImageTwo meeting halls, one behind th eother, with the library and museum at left.  

Saturday, August 25th

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Restroom sign in Sointula.
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Heather and Jesse James the goat waiting for the ferry to Alert Bay.
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Moonrise over Comorrant Island.
 

 

 

Other articles: 17 Ave at ferry at 1st St 1 St at cabin

Locations: Sointula.
Full Size ImageSaying goodbye to our cottage.  

Sunday, August 26th

Sointula, BC to Port Alberni, BC

Full Size Image
Saying goodbye to our cottage.
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Cheryl and Sandy in the gate of our cabin.
Full Size Image
Goodbye, Sointula
 

 

   

Monday, August 27th

Port Alberni, BC to Tofino, BC

 

Other articles: Kingsway Avenue Alberni Pacific Railway

Locations: Port Alberni.
Full Size ImageRear 3/4 view.  

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Front 3/4 view.
Full Size Image
Alberni Pacific No. 2
We stopped to see the Alberni Pacific Railway.

Other articles: Tofino Ucluelet Highway and Peninsula Road at CG Rd

Locations: Amphitrite Point. George Fraser Islands.
Full Size ImageAmphitrite Light House  

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George Fraser Islands south of the Amphitrite Light House.
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Interpretive panel for a whistle buoy.
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Interpretive panel for the Amphitrite Point Lighthouse.
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No clean-up fairy on duty.
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We should have golden trucks in Golden.
 

Other articles: 1st St on wharf

Locations: Tofino.
Full Size ImageInto town from the wharf.  

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Float plane tours of the Tofino area.
In Tofino.

 

   

Tuesday, August 28th

Port Alberni, BC to Victoria, BC

 

 
Full Size ImageThe sunken garden.
Full Size ImageThe sunken garden.
Full Size ImageSandy and Val in the Japanese Garden  

Butchart Gardens

 

 

   

Wednesday, August 29th

Victoria, BC to Port Angeles, WA

 

Locations: Songhees Point. Victoria.
Full Size ImageVictoria from Songhees Point.
Full Size ImageFisherman's Wharf.  

Around Victoria, BC

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Houseboats at Fisherman's Wharf.
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Empress Hotel along the waterfront.
 

Locations: Victoria.
Full Size ImageCars (and trucks) lined up on the ferry.
Full Size ImageSailing out of Victoria harbour.  

Ferry to Port Angeles, WA

 

Locations: Juan de Fuca Strait. Port Angeles. Strait of Juan de Fuca.
Full Size ImageSunset in the Strait of Juan de Fuca.  

Strait of Juan de Fuca

 

 

   

Thursday, August 30th

Port Angeles, WA to Seattle, WA

 

Other articles: 2nd St at Laurel

Locations: Port Angeles.
Full Size ImageMorning in Port Angeles.  

 

Other articles: Hurricane Ridge Road at viewpoint 90000

Locations: Olympic National Park.
Full Size ImageCloud hanging on the ridge.  

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The towns of Sequim and Dungeness under the cloud deck.
 

Other articles: WA SR 20 Port Townsend

Locations: Port Townsend.
Full Size ImageLunchtime view of Port Townsend Bay.  

Lunch at Siren's Seafood Bar in Port Townsend.

 

Locations: Bainbridge Island. Seattle.
Full Size ImageBainbridge Island from the ferry.
Full Size ImageSeattle from Bainbridge Island Ferry  

Ferry crossing to Seattle from Bainbridge Island

 

 

   

Friday, August 31st

Issaquah, WA

Lunch at Coho Caf-Issaquah.

 

 
Full Size ImageGoodbye to Val, Sandy, and Leslie.  

Saturday, September 1st

Seattle, WA to Kelso, WA

 

 

   

Sunday, September 2nd

Kelso, WA to John Day, OR

 

Other articles: WA SR 504 at Hoffstadt Ck
Full Size ImageThe Forest Returns
Full Size ImageYou are on the edge of the blast zone.  

Hoffstadt Creek Bridge

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Hoffstadt Creek Bridge
 

Other articles: WA SR 504 along road. 35000
Full Size ImageToutle River Valley
Full Size ImageHummocky lahar deposits on floor of outle River valley.  

Mt. St. Helens Forest Learning Center

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The texture of hundreds of spruce trees all the same age.
 

Other articles: WA SR 504 at Johnson Ridge Obs.
Full Size ImageMount Saint Helens from the Johnson Ridge Observatory.  

Johnson Ridge Observatory

 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 near Gov't Camp
Full Size ImageFirst good view of Mount Hood along US Highway 26.  

 

 

   

Monday, September 3rd

John Day, OR to Idaho Falls, ID

 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 at Dayton
Full Size ImageJohn Day in the morning.  

Leaving John Day after breakfast at the Squeeze-In Restaurant.

Other articles: US Hwy 26 above John Day R.
Full Size ImageValley of John Day River  

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 20 at Craters of the Moon

Locations: Craters of the Moon National Monument.
Full Size ImageOverlook of Craters of the Moon.  

Craters of the Moon National Monument

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Inferno Cone.
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Landscape of basalt volcanic field.
 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 20 in Arco

Locations: Arco.
Full Size ImageEntry into Arco.  

Drive through Arco.

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Number Hill in Arco.
 

Locations: Idaho Falls.
Full Size ImageAngel Moroni watches over the Snake River.
Full Size ImageThe falls at Idaho Falls  

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US at the falls.
Stayed at a Best Western on the Snake River.

 

   

Tuesday, September 4th

Idaho Falls, ID to Lander WY

 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 46600

Locations: Snake River.
Full Size ImageSnake River at Clark Hill Rest Area.  

 

 

 

Locations: Grand Teton National Park.
Full Size ImageGrand Teton National Park.  

Grand Teton National Park

 

 

Other articles: Teton Park Road at visitor center

Locations: Grand Teton.
Full Size ImageGrand Teton (peak)  

Craig Thomas Discovery and Visitor Center

 

Other articles: Teton Park Road at Glacier Gl T

Locations: Middle Teton.
Full Size ImageMiddle Teton, with basaltic dike.  

Glacier Gulch Turnout.

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Middle Teton, with basaltic dike.
 

Other articles: Teton Park Road at Mt Moran ST

Locations: Mount Moran.
Full Size ImageInterpretive panel for Mount Moran.  

Mount Moran Scenic Turnout

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Mount Moran
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Mount Moran

Mount Moran

Mount Moran reflects all the geologic forces shaping the Teton Range. Formed of a massive block of metamorphic gneiss; cut by dikes of igneous granite and diabase; capped by sedimentary sandstone; and flanked by glaciers, this formidible peak dominates the park's northern skyline.
The gneiss and granite are among the oldest rocks in North America, 2.7 and 2.5 billion years old respectively. These resistant rocks form the core of the Teton Range. The vertical “Black Dike” of 775 million year old diabse is about 150 feet wide and jut from the mountain's face because the surrounding gneiss has eroded away.
Five glaciers — Falling Ice, Skillet and Triple — flank Mount MOran. These glaciers formed during a cool period called the Little Ica Age that ended around 1850 AD. Over the past 40 years, the park's glaciers have shrunk by more than 20 percent due to our changing climate.
Tan sandstone caps the summit of this massive peak the remnant of a 510 million year-old beach that stretched for hundreds of miles north and south of here. Sandstone overlies the Black Dike and other ancient igneous and metamorphic rocks.

Other articles: Signal Mountain Road at top of mtn at view point

Locations: Signal Mountain.
Full Size ImageUs on Signal Mountain.  

Signal Mountain

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View east from Signal Mountain
 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 53300

Locations: Oxbow Bend.
Full Size ImageMount Moran behind The Oxbow  

The Oxbow

 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 55000

Locations: Togwotee Pass.
Full Size ImageA Chestwig of Corvettes on Togwotee Pass.  

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Breccia Peak and Cliffs from Togwotee Pass.
 

Other articles: WY 28 above Red Cyn Rim
Full Size ImageRed Canyon Rim south of Lander.  

 

Other articles: WY 28 at South Pass

Locations: South Pass.
Full Size ImageSouth Pass.  

South Pass

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View south toward Oregon Buttes.
 

Other articles: Emigrant Trail at South Pass

Locations: Summit of the Original South Pass.
Full Size ImageMarker at South Pass.  

(Original) South Pass

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Marker for Old Oregon Trail.
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The view west.
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The view east
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A ditch carries Sweetwater River water across the continental divide.
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South Pass
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Interpretive panel for South Pass.
Photographed 4 September 2018.

South Pass

South Pass was discovered in 1812 by a small party of Astorians led by Robert Stuart as they traveled east with dispatches for John Jacob Astor. It was “rediscovered” in 1824 by a party led by Jedediah Smith as they searched for a winter crossing through the Wind River Mountain Range. William Sublette led a small caravan of wagons to South Pass in 1828. While the party did not take the wagons over the pass, they proved that wagon travel was possible.
Captain Benjamin Bonneville took the first wagons over South Pass into the Green River Basin in 1832. But it wa Lt. John Charles Fremont who would be credited with widely publicizing the route over South Pass as a result of his expedition in 1842. Scattered references to the easy passage over the Rocky Mountains has appeared in newspapers for a decade, but Fremont ignited enthusiasm for South Pass by explaining that a traveler could go th[r]ough the pass without any “toilsome ascents.”
With the discovery of South Pass, the great western migration began. Thousands of Mormons, future Oregonians and Californians would use the trail in the following twenty years.
Donated by the Trans Sierra Alliance, E. Clampus Vitus

Other articles: Emigrant Trail at Oregon Buttes Rd

Locations: Oregon Buttes.
Full Size ImageInterpretive panel for Oregon Buttes  

Interpretive panel for Oregon Buttes

Oregon Buttes

To the south stand the Oregon Buttes, a major trail landmark. The name is significant because the Buttes were roughly the beginning of the Oregon Territory and also helped keep emigrants encouraged, even though there were still hundreds of miles of rough going ahead. Today, the Oregon Buttes are an Area of Critical Environmental Concern because of their cultural significance and important wildlife values.
About twelve miles to the soutwest of Oregon Buttes is the Tri-Territory site. This site is the location where the Oregon Territory, Mexican Territory, and Louisiana Purchase has a common boundary. The large landmark, just to the south of w[h]ere you are standing, is Pacific Butte. The great height and mass of the butte, combined with a ridge to the north paralleling the emigrant trails, helps to create a visual channel through which travelers migrated on their way through South Pass.

 

   

Wednesday, September 5th

Lander, WY to Golden, CO

 

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Date and time this article was prepared: 9/27/2018 9:59:09 AM