Eastern Mojave Vegetation Field Notes (Continued)  
 

Tom Schweich  

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Contents
Literature Cited
 When I first read the field notes of Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg, I was fascinated by the descriptions they wrote about the places they went and the plants and animals they found there. By publishing my field notes on the Internet I hope to follow a little bit in their tradition.

 

 

   

2018

 

Literature Cited:
- Sovell, John, Pam Smith, Denise Culver, Susan Panjabi and Joe Stevens, 2012.  

Note on Smooth Brome One of the most common non-native species found at nearly every site was smooth brome (Bromopsis (Bromus) inermis). Smooth brome is not on the noxious weed list, yet it appears to be one of the largest threats to ecosystems, besides development, in Jefferson County, particularly in wetlands. Smooth brome is very difficult to treat without causing problems to the surrounding environment. Unfortunately, the spread of smooth brome is being encouraged by weed treatment activities especially in wetlands. Canada thistle is very common in wetlands, and is a B-List noxious weed. It is often treated with herbicides that impact dicots. Smooth brome is a monocot. A recent report by Rondeau (2011) found in a six year monitoring effort for Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense, also Breea arvensis) that although the treatments were successful in removing the Canada thistle it was replaced by smooth brome in wetlands where smooth brome was already in the area. In addition, they found the local native plants including woody species were being impacted as well over the six year study. Overall the result was a less desirable outcome than the situation being remedied from an ecological perspective. This is unfortunate because Canada thistle is a B-Listed plant; people are being required to treat it. If smooth brome is in the vicinity (which is often the case) a state listed noxious weed is being replaced by something that is even more difficult to control and arguably more damaging to the ecosystem. In the State of Colorado, smooth brome is available for use in seed mixes used by ranchers, homeowners and highway departments which is why it is not listed as an invasive species. This plant is considered to be an invasive species in at least ten other states (MN, OH, IN, IL, KY, TN, NB, WI, ND and MS), by Ivasives.org and The Nature Conservancy.
  1773  Field identification: grass.
  1774  Field identification: grass.

 

Other articles: Social Trail (Up. Wash. Ave. OS) at top at path

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageMissouri Foxtail Cactus sits low in the soil.  

Sunday, March 11th

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Missouri Foxtail Cactus beside the trail.
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Bractless Blazing Star (Mentzelia nuda) with last year's fruit.
Walked up to the Upper Washington Avenue Open Space to look for the Escobaria missouriensis and other things that might be in bloom.

 

   

Wednesday, March 14th

 

Other articles: Social Trail near NTM trl
Full Size ImageCoryphantha missouriensis in a crack between three rocks.  

One plant of Coryphantha missouriensis found on the toe of a landslide, lowest southwest slopes of North Table Mountain.

Other articles: Social Trail at corner
Full Size ImageCarex inops var. heliophila along the trail.  

A little Carex just starting to bloom, probably C. inops var. heliophila.

 

   

Friday, March 23rd

Denver to Newark to Atlantic Ocean.

 

   

Saturday, March 24th

Atlantic Ocean to Madrid to Bormujos.

 

   

Sunday, March 25th

Salida, Sanlucar la Mayor.

 

 
Full Size ImageSofia, Ian, Colin, and Cheryl by the Rio Guagalquivir
Full Size ImageKnitted decorations along the river.  

Monday, March 26th

Sevilla, paso of San Gonzalo over Triana Bridge.

The float of the Virgin in the streets of Triana. The thing to see here is the float will “jump” when it is picked up by the costaleros.

 

   

Tuesday, March 27th

Dolmens and Italica.

 

Locations: Dolmen de Matarrubilla.
Full Size ImageAltar or offering table in the Dolmen de Matarrubilla.
Full Size ImageSofia at the entrance to the Dolmen de Matarrubilla.  

Dolmen de Matarrubilla

The Matarrubilla Dolmen was discovered in 1917, also as a result of some agricultural tasks. It is just one kilometer in a straight line from La Pastora,

As a funerary corridor and circular chamber structure with a total length of 32 meters, Matarrubilla approaches La Pastora in grandeur. It differs fundamentally because in the chamber is a great block of black marble, carved and with a recess of several centimeters on the upperpart, that probably fulfilled functions of table of offerings or altar. Undoubtedly it is a ritual element that already had great importance in the design and planning of the monument, since its placement, occupying much of the space of the chamber, must have occurred before the erection of the roof in a false dome.

The funeral deposit found in Matarrubilla was quite scarce. In the plundered chamber were scrambled and fragmented remains of pottery and some human bones. In the corridor, some materials were in situ, including stone tools, a large number of fragments of gold lamellae, some ivory objects (including an elephant tusk in the rough, unworked) and several thousands of necklace beads. Only one complete skeleton was found, halfway down the corridor and in a cramped position. The relatively low number of burials and grave goods and the presence of the altar or offering table that so clearly dominates the space available in the vaulted chamber of the monument suggests that, indeed, a monument such as Matarrubilla may have played the role of a temple or ceremonial enclosure besides (or perhaps more than) a sepulcher ( https://www.rutasconhistoria.es/loc/dolmen-de-matarrubilla ).

 

Locations: Dolmen de Pastora.
Full Size ImagePath to the Dolmen de Pastora
Full Size ImageEntrance to the Dolmen de Pastora.  

Dolmen de la Pastora

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Inside the Dolmen de Pastora
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Interior of the chamber of the Dolmen de Pastora.
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Interpretive panel at Dolmen de Pastora.

More information about Dolmen de la Pastora is available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolmen_de_la_Pastora .

 

Locations: Italica.
Full Size ImagePond and garden in private house in Italica.
Full Size ImageIn the amphitheater at Italica.  

Italica

More information about Italica: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italica .

Full Size ImageLunch at La Caseta de Antonio.  
Lunch at La Caseta de Antonio.

 

   

Wednesday, March 28th

Niebla, Castle, lunch at Roman Spring

Locations: Niebla.
Full Size ImageInside the castle at Niebla.
Full Size ImageSevilla Gate with the Rio Tinto beyond.  

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Sofia on top of Castillo de los Guzmanes.
Castillo de los Guzmanes

Locations: Dolmen de Soto.
Full Size ImageCheryl inside the Dolmen de Soto.
Full Size ImageOur group on top of Dolmen de Soto.  

Dolmen de Soto

Locations: Pilar de la Media Legua.
Full Size ImagePost-lunch photo at El Pilar de la Media Legua.
Full Size ImagePhoto of the Pilar de la Media Legua. Trigueros in the background.  

Lunch at the Pilar de la Media Legua.

 

   

Thursday, March 29th

Muelle de Carabelas to Portugal.

Locations: Muelle de las Carabelas.
Full Size ImageReplica of the Santa Maria.
Full Size ImageOn the replica of the Nina.  

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Colin and Ian on the bow of the Santa Maria.
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Replica of the Pinta, as seen from the top deck of the Santa Maria.
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Replica of the Nina.
Muelle de las Carabelas

Locations: Monasterio de La Rabida. Muelle de las Carabelas.
Full Size ImageFresco depicting the departure of Columbus.
Full Size ImageFresco depicting … something … probably related to Columbus.  

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The chapel of Monasterio de La Rabida
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Ceiling of the chapel at the Monasterio de La Rapida.
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Cloister in Monasterio de La Rabida.
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A small side chapel at Monasterio de La Rabida
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Restored wall.
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The Muelle de Las Carabelas as seen from the Monasterio de La Rabida.
La Rabida Monastery.

 

   

Friday, March 30th

Ilha de Tavira, to lunch at Santa Luzia, to Sagrada Interro.

Locations: Ilha de Tavira.
Full Size ImageBoblefutbol on the beach of Ilha de Tavira
Full Size ImageIn the direction of the booming bass.  

Ilha de Tavira, filed with revelers for Semana Santa, complete with booming bass.

Locations: Tavira.
Full Size ImageInside the Igreja de Misericodria waiting for the Procissao do Enterro do Senhor.  

Waiting for the Procissao do Enterro do Senhor at the Igreja de Misericordia. Unfortunately, it began to rain and the procession did not go out.

 

   

Saturday, March 31st

Walking tour of Tavira to Cacela Velha.

Locations: Tavira.
Full Size ImageThe Roman Bridge across the Gilăo River
Full Size ImageThe Gilăo River from the Roman Bridge.  

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Moderately attentive group on the Roman Bridge.
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Inside the Igreja de Misericordia.
Walking around Tavira.

Locations: Cacela Velha.
Full Size ImageThe church of Cacela Velha from the beach.
Full Size ImageIan and an eel.  

Cacela Velha and lunch.

Locations: Tavira.
Full Size ImageView from Casa de Osga, our rural house.
Full Size ImageGetting ready to dye Easter eggs.  

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Easter eggs dyed.
Rural house, Casa de Osga, and coloring Easter Eggs.

 

   

Sunday, April 1st

Praia do Baril to Bormujos.

Locations: Praia do Barril.
Full Size ImageTrain to Praia do Barril.
Full Size ImageSofia and Nico by the train.  

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The beach at Praia do Barril, our group at left.
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Graveyard of the Anchors.
Praia do Baril

 

   

Monday, April 2nd

Sevilla

Full Size ImageRestaurante La Cueva
Full Size ImageOne several graves of Christopher Columbus; this one in the Seville Cathedral.
Full Size ImageThe Giralda of the Seville Cathedral.  
Sevilla

 

   

Tuesday, April 3rd

Italica

Locations: Italica.
Full Size ImageGeneral view of Italica.
Full Size ImageA lot of school groups touring Italica on this day.  

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View across the amphitheater to the city of Italica.
Italica

 

   

Wednesday, April 4th

Bormujos to Madrid

 

   

Thursday, April 5th

Madrid.

Other articles: Field Notes 30 Mar 2007

Locations: Madrid.
Full Size ImageColin in front of the statue of Velasquez.  

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Vertical Garden, 11 years later.
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Vertical Garden, 11 years later.
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Riding the Metro.
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Plaza Mayor
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Plaza de Espana, with statue of Miguel Cervantes.
The Prado, the Sofia Reina, and around.

 

   

Friday, April 6th

Madrid to Denver.

 

   

Wednesday, April 11th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space and North Table Mountain.

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1775, Juniperus virginiana  

1775  Field identification: Juniperus sp., probably a horticultural species.

Juniperus virginiana L. Eastern Redcedar.

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. On a cut bank near the north boundary fence of the Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, 1.8 km northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7689°N, 105.2334°W. WGS 1984 Single plant about 2 m. tall. Probable garden escapee.

Tall narrow shrub, to 2 m.; Leaves in 2s, scale-like, margin entire, tip acute, overlapping > Ľ length of next leaf, length of gland < distance to apex; Seed, #1, 4 mm. × 3 mm.

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.  

1776  Field identification: Lamium amplexicaule. Turkish Mint.

Locations: North Table Mountain.  

1777  Field identification:Carex inops var. heliophila. Sun Sedge.

 

   

Thursday, April 12th

Kinney Gulch Trail, from Eagle Ridge up to Tripp Ranch.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail just n. of Tripp Rch  

1778  Field identification: Chorispora tenella

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at slope

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1779, Euphorbia myrsinites in Kinney Run.  

1779 
Full Size Image
Habitat of Coll. No. 1779, Euphorbia myrsinites in Kinney Run.
Field identification: Euphorbia myrsinites

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at coll locn

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1780, Viola nuttallii  

1780 
Full Size Image
Kinney Run in early Spring.
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Kinney Run in early Spring.
Field identification: Viola nuttallii

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at coll locn  

1780.1  Field identification: Cerastium arvense

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at outcrop  

1781  Field identification: Taraxacum officinale

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at cove

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1782, Berberis repens.  

1782  Field identification: Berberis repens

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at sm. hill

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageHabitat of Lithospermum arvense in Kinney Run.  

1783 
Full Size Image
View of Kinney Run in early Spring.
Field identification: unknown, possibly Boraginaceae Lithospermum arvense.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at line of trees

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageLight-phase Red-Tailed Hawk seen in Kinney Run.  

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General view north on Kinney Run.
Also seen: Lomatium orientale, Alyssum simplex, Erodium cicutarium, Claytonia rosea, Zigadenus paniculatus. Three raptors seen today. This is the first of three.

 

   

Monday, April 16th

North Table Mountain. Cottonwood Canyon to North Table Loop, the basalt quarry, and back.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1784, Carex inops var. heliophila  
1784  Field identification: Carex inops var. heliophila. In rocks with some openings and bare ground, Berberis repens.

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.
Full Size ImageConcentration of Pediocactus simpsonii
Full Size ImageDeer at the break in mountain slope.  

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Concentration of Pediocactus simpsonii
Tops of rocky ledges above Cottonwood Canyon: a lot of Pediocactus simpsonii and a good number of Carex inops var. simpsonii. Small (10-12) herd of deer in the upper reaches of Cottonwood Canyon, away from the trail.

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.
Full Size ImageFlowing water entering Cottonwood Canyon
Full Size ImageFlowing water entering Cottonwood Canyon  

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A second group of deer on top of North Table Mountain.
Stream draining the small reservoir, and feeding Cottonwood Canyon.

 

   

Wednesday, April 18th.

Heritage Dells and Magic Mountain Archeological Site.
  1785  Field identification: Muscari botryoides
  1786  Field identification: Cerastium arvense ssp. strictum
  1787  Field identification: Carex inops var. heliophila
  1787.1  Field identification: Delphinium nuttallii

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Burgess at top of hill
Full Size ImageLooking south on the Kinney Run Trail.
Full Size ImageLooking north on the Kinney Run Trail.  

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Burgess Avenue.
Full Size Image
Small Missouri Foxtail Cactus
Pinus ponderosa, Rhus aromatica trilobata, Lomatium orientale, Artemisia frigida, Artemisia ludoviciana, Brickellia californica, Centauria diffusa, Ericameria nauseosa graveolens, Taraxacum officinale, Verbascum thapsus, Cynoglossum officinale, Alyssum simplex, Cerastium arvense strictum, Sedum lanceolatum, Penstemon virens, Potentilla sp., Ribes cereum, Commandra umbellata, Viola nuttallii, Yucca glauca, Leucocrinum montanum,

 

   

Thursday, April 19th

Matthews/Winters Open Space.

Locations: Matthews/Winters Park.
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1788, Lithospermum arvense.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1788, Lithospermum arvense  

1788  Field identification: Lithospermum arvense

 

 

Locations: Colorado School of Mines Survey Field.
Full Size ImageErysimum capitatum in the Survey Field.
Full Size ImageNorth Golden as seen from the Survey Field.  

Monday, April 23rd

Full Size Image
Beetle seen in the Survey Field
Colorado School of Mines Survey Field.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1789, Collinsia parviflora  
1789  Field identification: Collinsia parviflora “Blue-Eyed Mary”
  1790  Field identification: Erodium cicutarium
  1791  Field identification: Nothocalais cuspidata

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1792, Delphinium, probably D. nuttallii  
1792  Field identification: Delphinium nuttallii

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Thursday, April 26th

Ranson/Edwards, cloudy, cool, breezy, with a few rain drops.
  1793  Field identification: Anemone patens

 

   

Friday, April 27th

 
  1794  Field identification: Leucocrinum montanum

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1795, Euphorbia esula  
1795  Field identification: Euphorbia esula

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1796, Physaria vitulifera  
1796  Field identification: Physaria vitulifera

Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 at quarry at climbing area

Locations: Clear Creek Canyon. Clear Creek Canyon Park.
Full Size ImageEntrance to Clear Creek Canyon Park  

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Stuck?
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Car wreck.
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Mazes constructed on the floor of the quarry.
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Fault plane exposed by quarry.
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Fault plane exposed by quarry.
Clear Creek Canyon Park.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 at quarry at Indian Gl in Tunnel 1

Locations: Indian Gulch.
Full Size ImageObs. No. 1599, Oenothera coronopifolia  

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Erysimum capitatum among Linaria dalmatica.
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Indian Gulch
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Tunnel No. 1 from ridge above Indian Gulch.
Full Size Image
Leucocrinum montanum sometimes called "sand lily" in some actual sandy habitat.
Also seen on the slope: Lithospermum incisum, Erysimum capitatum, Corydalis aureus, Viola nuttallii, and an Oenothera that I think was O. coronopifolia. I described the Oenothera as Leaves cauline, deeply pinnately lobed, sepals reflexed, bi-fised, hairy, tip non-descript, stamens 8, indusium present, stigma 4-lobed.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 at Mayhem Gl

Locations: Clear Creek Canyon Park.
Full Size ImageMayhem Gulch Parking Lot and Trailhead  

Mayhem Gulch Parking Lot and Trailhead.

Other articles: Centennial Cone Road at pkg

Locations: Centennial Cone Park.
Full Size ImageUpper reaches of Mayhem Gulch drainage.  

Full Size Image
Centennial Cone, as seen from the West Trailhead.
Centennial Cone West Trailhead.

Other articles: Douglas Mountain Drive at saddle
Full Size ImageYellow Submarine mail box.
Full Size ImageRanch in upper Elk Creek drainage.  

Saddle between Horse Creek and Elk Creek drainage.

Other articles: Douglas Mountain Drive at turn

Locations: Douglas Mountain.
Full Size ImageLots of ranchettes in upper Elk Creek drainage.  

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Douglas Mountain above the road.
Road changes direction, view of upper Elk Creek drainage.

Other articles: Camino Perdido at pkg

Locations: Centennial Cone Park.
Full Size ImageDouglas Mountain from the North Trailhead of Centennial Cone Park.  

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Travois Trail headed southeast from the North Trailhead
North Trailhead of Centennial Cone Park.

Other articles: Belcher Hill Road 65000 on the down-hill slide

Locations: North Table Mountain. Ralston Buttes. White Ranch Park.
Full Size ImageWhoa!  

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Early Spring view to the north.
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Denver through the haze.
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Ralston Buttes from West Trailhead.
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North and South Table Mountains from White Ranch Park.
White Ranch Park, West Trailhead.

 

   

Saturday, April 28th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
  1797  1797.1  1797.2  Field identification: Carex inops ssp. heliophila.

Three collections bearing the suffixes .0, .1, and .2 were made this day relatively near to each other.


Full Size ImageObs. No. 1603, Coryphantha missouriensis  
Many Coryphantha missouriensis seen with fruit.

 

 

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.  

Sunday, May 6th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
  1798  Field identification: Celtis reticulata, in bloom.

 

 

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.  

Monday, May 7th

North Table Mountain, from Easley Road, Lithic Trail, North Table Loop, Mesa Top Trail, Cottonwood Canyon Trail, North Table Loop, to Lithic Trail and Easley Road.

Other articles: Lithic Trail at lower switchback
Full Size ImageColl. No, 1799, Celtis reticulata
Full Size ImageColl. No, 1799, Celtis reticulata  

1799  Field identification: Celtis reticulata.

Other articles: North Table Loop at Coll. No. 1800
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1800, Amelanchier alnifolia  

1800  Field identification: Amelanchier alnifolia

Other articles: North Table Loop at Coll. No. 1801  

1801  Field identification: Amelanchier alnifolia

Other articles: North Table Loop along trail  

1802  Field identification: Corylus cornuta, leaves just beginning, no reproductive parts.

Other articles: Mesa Top Trail below closure
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1803, Medicago lupulina.  

1803  Field identification: Medicago lupulina

Other articles: Mesa Top Trail at bridge
Full Size ImageLocation of Coll. No. 1804, Juncus sp.  

1804  Field identification: Juncus interior, immature, determination tentative.

Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Trail at 1st tower  

1805  Field identification: Poa sp., at first tower.

Other articles: Cottonwood Canyon Trail head of landslide
Full Size ImageLocation of Coll. No. 1806, Carex sp.  

1806  Field identification: Carex sp.

Other articles: Lithic Trail at Coll. No. 1807  

1807  Field identification: Poa sp.

Other articles: North Table Loop at bolts
Full Size ImageTwo of many bolts just below the North Table Loop.  

There is an area that has a double row of bolts just below the trail.

Other articles: North Table Loop at s. switchback
Full Size ImageBase of lava flow along North Table Loop.
Full Size ImageBase of lava flow along North Table Loop.  

At the switchback, it looks like the bottom of a lava flow is exposed.

 

 

Other articles: Mesa Spur Trail at W. 58th

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.  

Thursday, May 10th

 

Other articles: Mesa Spur Trail along trail
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1808, Lepidium perfoliatum
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1808, Lepidium perfoliatum  

1808  Field identification: Lepidium perfoliatum.

Full Size ImageLocation of Collections 1809 to 1812.1
Full Size ImageLocation of Collections 1809 to 1812.1
Full Size ImagePackera and Taraxacum, but can you see the Boechera?  
1809  Field identification: Leucocrinum montanum
  1810  Field identification: Astragalus agrestis
  1811  Field identification: Packera plattensis

Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 1812, Boechera fendleri
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1812, Boechera fendleri  
1812  Field identification: Boechera fendleri, determination tentative.
  1812.1  Field identification: Viola nuttallii

Other articles: North Table Loop near trl jct
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1813, Delphinium nuttallianum.  

1813  Field identification: Delphinium nuttallii

Other articles: North Table Loop above trl jct
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1814, Phlox, tentatively determined as P. multiflora.  

1814  Field identification: Phlox, maybe P. multiflora.
  1815  Field identification: Koeleria macrantha, determination tentative.

Other articles: North Table Loop above trl jct
Full Size ImageNorth slope, junction of North Table Loop and Mesa Spur Trail in foreground.  

1816  Field identification: Carex inops var. heliophila.

Other articles: Mesa Spur Trail at Ramstetter Ck

Locations: Ramstetter Creek.
Full Size ImageRamstetter Creek east of Mesa Spur Trail.  

Cross Ramstetter Creek.

 

   

Saturday, May 12th

Prewalk of the Upper Washington Avenue Open Space in preparation for tomorrow's field trip.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1817, Packera plattensis  
1817  Field identification: Packera, Keyed out while fresh in the office to P. plattensis.

 

   

Sunday, May 13th

 

Other articles: Social Trail (Up. Wash. Ave. OS) west of top

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageField Trip group, May 13, 2018.  

Field trip to Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, 13 May 2018.

 

 

Locations: Kinney Run.  

Wednesday, May 16

Kinney Run, from Eagle Ridge Drive part way up to Tripp Ranch.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Deadman Gl
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1818, Barbarea vulgaris  

1818  Field identification: Barbarea vulgaris

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Deadman Gl  

1819  Field identification: Prunus americana.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Deadman Gl  

1820  Field identification: Thlaspi arvense.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at Deadman Gl
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1821, Brassicaceae  

1821  Field identification: At first I thought this might be Camelina microcarpa, but now I'm not so sure. It needs a good keying out.
  1822  Field identification: Ribes aureum
  1823  Field identification: Ribes cereum.
  1824  Field identification: Zigadenus paniculatus gramineus
  1825  Field identification: Scutellaria brittonii
  1826  Field identification: Astragalus sp.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1827, Lithospermum arvense  
1827  Field identification: Lithospermum arvense.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1827.1, Cynoglossum officinale.  
1827.1  Field identification: Cynoglossum officinale.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at rock knob

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1828, Physaria vitulifera.  

1828  1828.1  1828.2 
Full Size Image
View of knob where some Physaria vitulifera grow.
Field identification: Physaria vitulifera. Coll. Nos. 1828.1 and 1828.2 subsumed here.

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail at rock knob

Locations: Kinney Run.
Full Size ImageYard waste disposal on the ridge above Kinney Run.  

On the ridge east of Kinney Run. I was coming down the ridge towards the lime kiln and saw this coyote across the trail. I think I might have flushed it out of a hiding place just south of the lime kiln.
Full Size Image
View generally north of Kinney Run.
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View generally south of Kinney Run.

  1829  Field identification: Erigeron flagellaris

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.
Full Size ImageThe old homestead at Ranson/Edwards.
Full Size ImagePump near the old homestead.  

Thursday, May 17th

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North fence of Ranson/Edwards Homestead OSP
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Jog in property line across Coal Creek.
Ranson/Edwards
  Field identification: Penstemon virens
  1831  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1832, Eleocharis sp.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1832, Eleocharis?  
1832  Field identification: Eleocharis sp.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1833, Prunus virginiana  
1833  Field identification: Prunus virginiana.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1834, Ribes aureum.  
1834  Field identification: Ribes aureum.

Full Size ImageHabit of Coll. No. 1835, Erysimum capitatum  
1835  Field identification: Erysimum capitatum

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1836, Arabis pycnocarpa var. pycnocarpa  
1836  Field identification: Brassicaceae, but likely Arabis pycnocarpa.
  1837  Field identification: Lomatium orientale.
  1838  Field identification: Draba, probably D. reptans.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1839, Boechera fendleri  
1839  Field identification: Boechera fendleri

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1840, Frasera speciosa  
1840  Field identification: Frasera speciosa.
  1841  Field identification: Rumex acetosella.
  1842  Field identification: Juncus interior.
  1843  Field identification: Plantago, probably P. major.
  1844  Field identification: Ribes cereum.

 

 

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.
Full Size ImageCoryphantha missouriensis  

Friday, May 18th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space
  1845  Field identification: Descurainia incisa, but a field trip attendee thought Sisymbrium.

Descurainia keys in Ackerfield's (2015) Key 1 (Plants with branched, forked, stellate, or dolabriform hairs), whereas Sisymbrium keys in Key 3 (Plants glabrous or with simple hairs; leaves with a sagittate or auriculate base).

  1846  Field identification: Thlaspi arvense
  1847  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus
  1848  Field identification: Astragalus agrestis
  1849  Field identification: Astragalus agrestis
  1850  Field identification: grass, fine light-green ring forming perennial bunch grass.
  1851  Field identification: Astragalus sp., not currently on my list.
  1852  Field identification: grass. Very small, annual, not Buffalo grass.
  1853  Field identification: grass. Revegetation bunch grass.
  1854  Field identification: Poa sp., probably P. pratensis
  1855  Field identification: Koeleria macrantha, determination tentative.
  1856  Field identification: Agropyron cristatum.

 

 

Locations: Tin Cup Ridge.
Full Size ImageCoryphantha missouriensis at Tin Cup Ridge.
Full Size ImageThe new boxes on the Bachman Ranch stand out.  

Wednesday, May 23rd

Tin Cup Ridge.  
  1857  Field identification: Vicia americana

Full Size ImageButton-like caudex of Coll. No. 1858, Senecio integerrimus  
1858  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus
  1859  Field identification: Cerastium arvense
  1860  Field identification: Bromus tectorum
  1861  Field identification: Rhus aromatica trilobata.
  1862  Field identification: Lithospermum incisum
  1863  Field identification: Tragopogon dubius
  1864  Field identification: Asparagus officinale
  1865  Field identification: Castilleja integra
  1866  Field identification: Oenothera suffrutencens
  1867  Field identification: Ribes cereum
  1868  Field identification: Prunus virginiana

Full Size ImageLight-colored variant of Ericameria nauseosa  
Light-colored variant of Ericameria nauseosa
  1869  Field identification: Lappula redowski
  1870  Field identification: Cynoglossum officinale
  1871  Field identification: Arnica fulgens
  1872  Field identification: Arabis pycnocarpa
  1873  Field identification: Cryptantha virgata

Other articles: Tin Cup Ridge (social trail) on trail
Full Size ImageCamping supplies stashed on Tin Cup Ridge.  

Cache of camping supplies on Tin Cup Ridge.
  1874  Field identification: Lepidium draba

 

 

Other articles: North Table Loop at new const.

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.
Full Size ImageRebuilt trail on North Table Loop.  

Thursday, May 24th

North Table Mountain Park, trailhead poarking lot to Ramstetter Reservoir and back.  
  1875  Field identification: Fabaceae; best guess back in the office: Vicia villosa
  1876  Field identification: Camelina microcarpa
  1877  Field identification: Androsace occidentalis
  1878  Field identification: Astragalus, probably A. flexuousus.
  1879  Field identification: Erigeron, probably E. tracyi.

Locations: Ramstetter Creek. Ramstetter Reservoir.
Full Size ImageRamstetter Reservoir seen from the dam.
Full Size ImageNorth Table Mountain from the dam of Ramstetter Reservoir.  

Ramstetter Reservoir
  1880  Field identification: Salix, probably S. exigua.

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 1881, Carex sp.  
1881  Field identification: Carex sp.
  South of Ramstetter Reservoir.
  1882  Field identification: Plantago patagonica

Full Size ImageSphaeralcea on the lowest slopes of North Table Mountain.  
Sphaeralcea coccinea

 

 

Locations: Colorado School of Mines Survey Field.
Full Size ImagePoison Ivy in the Survey Field.  

Monday, May 28th

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field.
  1883  Field identification: Camelina microcarpa
  1884  Field identification: Vicia americana
  1885  Field identification: Tragopogon dubius
  1886  Field identification: Salix sp., staminate.
  1887  Field identification: Arabis pycnocarpa
  1888  Field identification: Silene sp.
  1889  Field identification: Poa sp.
  1890  Field identification: Hesperostipa comata.
  1891  Field identification: Erigeron divergens
  1892  Field identification: Galium aparine.
  1893  Field identification: Koeleria macrantha
  1894  Field identification: Chicorieae, later tentatively determined as Crepis occidentalis.
  1895  Field identification: Lomatium orientale
  1896  Field identification: Linaria dalmatica

Full Size ImageHabitat of four collections in the Survey Field.  
1897  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus
  1898  Field identification: Hydrophyllum fendleri
  1899  Field identification: Androsace occidentalis
  1900  Field identification: Veronica, maybe V. arvensis

 

 

Locations: Little Scraggy Peak.
Full Size ImageJamesia americana “Five-Petal Cliffbush” on the flanks of Little Scraggy Peak.  

Thursday, May 31st

North slopes of Little Scraggy Peak.
  1901  Field identification: Erigeron sp.
  1902  Field identification: Packera plattensis
  1903  Field identification: Gilia sp.
  1904  Field identification: Harbouria trachypleura
  1905  Field identification: Grass, some sort of Poa sp.
  1906  Field identification: Mertensia lanceolata
  1907  Field identification: Androsace occidentalis
  1908  Field identification: Poa sp.
  1909  Field identification: Antennaria sp.
  1910  Field identification: Penstemon virens
  1911  Field identification: Potentilla sp.
  1912  Field identification: Scutellaria, I assume S. brittonii

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1913, Carex sp.  
1913  Field identification: Carex sp.

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Sunday, June 3rd

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space
  1914  Field identification: Packera plattensis
  1915  Field identification: Veronica sp.
  1916  Field identification: Carex
  1917  Field identification: Alopecurus carolinianus
  1918  Field identification: Limosella aquatica
  1919  Field identification: Sedum lanceolatum
  1920  Field identification: Oenothera suffrutescens
  1921  Field identification: Aegilops cylindrica
  1922  Field identification: Silene, maybe S. vulgaris.
  1923  Field identification: Veronica, probably V anagalis-aquatica
  1924  Field identification: Carex, probably C. nebrascensis

 

 

Locations: North Table Mountain Park.  

Friday, June 8th

North Table Mountain

Full Size ImageHabitat of Physocarpus monogynus on North Table Mountain.
Full Size ImagePackera plattensis in the quarry on top of North Table Mountain  
Physocarpus below the quarry road.
  1925  Field identification: Musineon divaricatum
  1926  Field identification: Gilia pinnifitida
  1927  Field identification: Townsendia grandiflora
  1928  Field identification: Sedge
  1929  Field identification: Hesperostipa comata
  1930  Field identification: Mimulus floribunda,
  1931  Field identification: Grass

Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 1932, undetermined grass.  
1932  Field identification: Grass, with dark gray florets.
  1933  Field identification: Gratiola neglecta

Literature Cited:
- Löve, Áskell, and Doris Löve, 1976.  

Packera Löve & Löve, gen. nov.

Plantae perennis, herbaceae. Caules non rite foliosi. Caudex sine rhizoma repens vel suberectus. Folia simplicia et integra ad lyrato-pinnatifida, folia radicalia petiolata, caulinaria amilia vel minora. Plantae glabratae alteruter ab initium vel plus minusve permanentes tomentosae; pubescentia nunquam e pilis longis articulatisque. Numerus basicus chromosomatum x = 23. Typus generis: Packera aurea (L.) Löve & Löve.

Herbaceous perennials. Stems not uniformly leafy to the inflorescences, arising from a horizontal to suberect caudex or rhizome. Leaves simple and entire to lyrate-pinnafitid, those at the base petiolate, gradually reduced upwards, or uniform throughout. Plants either quite glabrous from the beginning or more or less permanently tomentose; pubescence never of long jointed hairs. Basic chromosome number x = 23.

This mainly North and South American genus with a few representatives in Asia comprises the groups Aurei, Lobati and Tomentosi of the collective genus Senecio as described by Rydberg (1900) and Greenman (1916), which stand apart from the other divisions of the collective aggregate by having prolonged rhizomes, and if pubescence is present it is a tomentum of more or less arachnoid and never of long and jointed hairs, but persistent as flocculent tufts. Its morphological and geographical distinctions are enhanced by its basic chromosome number, which differs markedly from that of Senecio L. s. str. (x=10) and Tephroseris (Rchb.) Rchb. (x = 8) so that its distinction as a genus is biologically well substantiated. It is our pleasure to name the new genus in honour of John G. Packer, an oldtime friend who has contributed much to the clarification of the status of the arctic-alpine North American members of the taxon.

Literature Cited:
- Weber, W. A., and Áskell Löve, 1981.  

The North American taxa were transferred to Packera from Senecio by Weber & Löve (1981).

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Thursday, June 14th

Ranson/Edwards, primarily as a prewalk for the field trip on Saturday, but I made 9 collections including Hesperostipa spartea and Crassula aquatica
  1934  Field identification: Grass, office identification: Koeleria macrantha
  1935  Field identification: Hesperostipa spartea
  1936  Field identification: Hesperostipa spartea
  1937  Field identification: Crassula aquatica
  1938  Field identification: Brassicaceae.
  1939  Field identification: Carex of some sort.
  1940  Field identification: Amorpha fruticosa
  1941  Field identification: Hesperostipa spartea
  1942  Field identification: Heterotheca villosa

 

 

Locations: Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.  

Friday, June 15th

Upper Washington Avenue Open Space, mostly as a pre-walk for my field trip on Sunday.
  1943  Field identification: Astragalus crassicarpus
  1944  Field identification: Hesperostipa spartea
  1945  Field identification: Hesperostipa comata
  1946  Field identification: Aegilops cylindrica
  1947  Field identification: that damned revegetation grass, office identification: Festuca idahoense
  1948  Field identification: Cactus, office identification: Opuntia macrorhiza
  1949  Field identification: Astragalus flexuosus

 

 

Locations: Willow Creek.  

Wednesday, June 20th

Willow Creek on the north side of the Rabbit Ears Range.
  1950  Field identification: Penstemon sp.
  1951  Field identification: Linum lewisii
  1952  Field identification: Arabis sp. or Boechera sp.
  1953  Field identification: Ipomopsis aggregata
  1954  Field identification: Lupinus sp.
  1955  Field identification: Dicot, office guess: Valeriana occidentalis
  1956  Field identification: Potentilla sp., office guess: P. gracilis.

 

   

Thursday, June 21st

North Table Mountain Park, to find Heliotropium curassivacum
  1957  Field identification: Hesperostipa, maybe H. spartea
  1958  Field identification: Plagiobothrys scouleri var. hispidulus

Full Size ImageColl. No. 1959, Heliotropium curassavicum
Full Size ImageLocation of Coll. No. 1959, Heliotropium curassavicum
Full Size ImageLocation of Coll. No. 1959, Heliotropium curassavicum  
1959 
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 1959, Heliotropium curassavicum
Field identificaton: Heliotropium curassavicum
  1959.1  Field identification: Juncus bufonius
  1959.2  Field identification: Grass.
  1959.2  Field identification: Potentilla norvegica
  1960  Field identification: Ranunculus, maybe R. sceleratus
  1960.1  Field identification: Probably Bromus tectorum, but very red.
  1960.2  Field identification: Definitely Veronica, maybe V. americana
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Date and time this article was prepared: 6/22/2018 1:07:13 PM