Eastern Mojave Vegetation Alboran Sea, (Cadiz), Andalucia, Spain.


A part of the western basin of the Mediterranean Sea that extends from the Gibraltar Strait to the Alboran Islands. It is about 400 km long and 200 km wide with a depth of about 2 km.

The Alboran Sea basin is located in the inner part of the Gibraltar Arc. Betic-Rif mountain belt. and has formed by crustal extension in a setting of overall convergence since the late Cretaceous. The direction of plate convergence was N-S between the middle Oligocene to the late Miocene and changed to NW-SE from the latest Tortonian (9-8 Ma) to the present-day. The basin itself formed by late orogenic extension and crustal thinning, coeval with thrusting and shortening in the peripheral mountain belt. Extensional tectonics was active from at least the early Miocene (about 22 Ma) to the late Tortonian (about 9-8 Ma). Since then. contractional tectonics produced inversion of previous normal faults, reverse and strike-slip faults, and folding.


Literature Referring To This Location:

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Date and time this article was prepared:9:23:58 AM, 3/21/2017.