Eastern Mojave Vegetation
Images -- Species

By Tom Schweich


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Images are organized by the topics listed at left. Click on a topic name to see images with that topic.

Would you like to use these photographs in your school term paper or report?

License is hereby granted for non-commercial use of the images contained herein provided that the images are reproduced with the copyright notice intact. This means that we give you our permission to use the photographs and information you find here in your school term papers and reports. You may resize the photograph to fit your needs, but you may not remove the copyright. Your term paper should note that the photographs are reproduced with permission and it should have a reference to this web site, such as:

"Photograph ©1999 Tom Schweich. Used by permission, http://www.schweich.com"

If you have a comment or a question about a photograph you may write to me at tas4@schweich.com I will answer you as soon as I can. I sometimes post interesting questions in my FAQ, but I will not disclose your full name or address.

Flower seen near Big Sand Flat.

Photograph taken 25-Jun-07.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 792.2

Scanned 29 Dec 2011. This material was found within the materials of collection 792, Mimulus primuloides.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Agavaceae Agave desertii

Agave desertii on the rim of Wild Horse Mesa.

Northwestern rim of Wild Horse Mesa.

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Century Plant (Agave desertii), western edge of Wild Horse Mesa.

This is about as far north as Agave desertii is found. There is a small colony here growing out of crevices in the rocks right on the edge of the mesa. In the right foreground is Buckhorn Cholla (Opuntia acanthocarpa). On the left is Blue Yucca (Yucca baccata).

Article records that use this photograph:

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Agavaceae Agave utahensis

Utah Agave (Agave utahensis) near Clark Mountain

Photograph taken 6-Jun-06.

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Agavaceae Hesperocallis undulata

Desert Lily beside Kelbaker Road

Photograph taken April 22, 2008.

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Hesperocallis undulata “Desert Ajo Lily”

Photographed 17 April 2017.

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Hesperocallis undulata “Desert Ajo Lily”

Photographed 17 April 2017.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Agavaceae Nolina sp.

Nolina sp. along Excelsior Mine Road in the Kingston Range.

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Agavaceae Yucca baccata

Blue Yucca (Yucca baccata) in lower Wild Horse Canyon.

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Yucca baccata resprouting from the roots.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005.

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Agavaceae Yucca brevifolia

Joshua trees in Joshua Flats, Inyo County, California.

Photograph taken October 6, 2000.

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Burned Joshua tree in Cedar Canyon

Photograph taken October 16, 2005.

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Very large Joshua Tree (Yucca brevifolia) in Joshua Tree National Monument.

A very special person with a large specimen of Joshua Tree (Yucca brevifolia) in Joshua Tree National Monument.

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Yucca brevifolia resprouting 1 year after the Hackberry Complex fire.

Photograph taken 7-Jun-06.

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Yucca brevifolia

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Joshua trees(Yucca brevifolia) in bloom near Caruthers Canyon

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Joshua trees along CA Highway 178 near Onyx

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Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia) in bloom along Kelbaker Road.

Matt, Kate and Roy with Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia) in bloom along Kelbaker Road. A cinder cone in the Cima Volcanic Field is in the background.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Kelbaker Road - Mojave National Preserve: 16000.

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Agavaceae Yucca schidigera

Mohave Yucca (Yucca schidigera) in lower Wild Horse Canyon.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Wild Horse Canyon Road - Mojave National Preserve: in lower cyn.
  • Frequently Asked Questions: HY325400.

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Yucca schidigera resprouting one year after Hackberry Complex Fire

Photograph taken 8-Jun-06.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Effects of the Hackberry Complex Fire in Mojave National Preserve, June 22-25, 2005.: 340930.
  • Field Notes: 20060608030.

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Yucca schidigera

Photograph taken near Hole-in-the-Wall.

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Yucca schidigera

Some unusually tall specimens in lower Wild Horse Canyon.

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Coll. No. 1575, Yucca schidigera

Photographed 18 April 2017.

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Aizoaceae Sesuvium verrucosum

Reynolds Coll. No. 1053, Sesuvium verrucosum

Scanned 31 December 2013.

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Alismataceae Alisma trivale

Coll. No. 1727, Alisma trivale

Photographed 4 January 2018.

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Alliaceae Allium

Coll. No. 296, Allium acuminatum

Scanned 14 August 2012.

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Allium seen at The Squeeze Rest Stop.

Photographed 12 April 2017.

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Alliaceae Allium atrorubens cristatum

Scan of Coll. No. 388, Allium atrorubens var. cristatum

Scanned 9 August 2012.

Collection No. 388, 9 August 2012, characters observed while keying: Geophyte, bulblets present, Stem 5 cm., Leaves 1 per stem, Pedicels 11 mm. (> perianth), Perianth parts 9-10 mm., ± equal, entire, pink, darker veins, flat margins, Stamens included, Stigma lobes ± 0.

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Alliaceae Allium bisceptrum

Coll. No. 856, Allium bisceptrum

Scanned 20 February 2013.

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Coll. No. 295, Allium bisceptrum

Scanned 14 August 2012.

I'm not really comfortable with this determination. There were a few characters observed that clearly led one astray in the keys. I used the FNANM key.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Alliaceae Allium campanulatum

Coll. No. 934, Allium campanulatum

Photographed 3 March 2015.

Coll. No. 934, 20 May 2013, characters observed while “keying:” Perennial, 15 cm., from bulb; Bulb, 13 mm., ovoid; Leaves, 1–3, withered at flowering; Flowers 18; Perianth, 7-8 mm., keeled, tip margins in-rolled, no special coloration at adaxial base, papery in fruit. Between A. bisceptrum and A. campanulatum, I went with the latter on the strength of leaves withered in flower, perianth keeled and tip margins in-rolled, and ignored perianth papery in fruit, and absence of a basal adaxial purple crescent.

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Alliaceae Allium cernuum

Habitat of Coll. No. 1240, Allium cernuum

Photographed 24 July 2015.

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Coll. No. 1240, Allium cernuum

Photographed 24 July 2015.

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Alliaceae allium geyeri

Coll. No. 1417, Allium geyeri

Scanned 6 December 2016.

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Alliaceae Allium geyeri

Habitat of Coll. No. 1417, Allium, perhaps A. geyeri

Photographed 10 June 2016.

Determination tentative.

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Alliaceae Allium textile

Bulb coat of Coll. No. 1134, Allium textile

Scanned 10 October 2015.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1134, Alliaceae Allium textile

Photographed 9 June 2015.

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Coll. No. 1134, Allium textile

Scanned 10 October 2015.

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Amaranthaceae Amaranthus torreyi

Coll. No. 141, Amaranthus torreyi

Scanned 22 May 2015.

Coll. No. 141, 3 Oct 1997, characters observed: Annual, tap-rooted, to 30 cm., monoecious; Nodes, without spines; Leaves, alternate, petiole 15 mm., blade 26 mm. × 9 mm. wide, lanceolate, base wedge-spaped, tip small mucronate; Inflorescence axillary; Flowers, pistillate, perianth parts #5, 2 mm., ±equal, oblong; Ovary, 1 mm.; Styles, #3, 0.8 mm.; Seed, 1.6 mm., dark red-brown.

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Anacardiaceae Rhus microphylla

Coll. No. 733, Rhus microphylla

Scanned 1 Jan 2012.

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Anacardiaceae Rhus trilobata

Rhus trilobata

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Anacardiaceae Rhus virens choriophylla

Coll. No. 734, Rhus virens var. choriophylla

Scanned 1 Jan 2012.

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Anacardiaceae Toxicodenfron rydbergii

Poison Ivy in the Survey Field.

Photographed 28 May 2018.

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Anthericeae Leucocrinum montanum

Leucocrinum montanum in Long Valley.

Photograph taken 21 June 2011.

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Star Lily (Leucocrinum montanum) as seen on Tin Cup Ridge.

Photographed 14 May 2015.

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Leucocrinum montanum sometimes called "sand lily" in some actual sandy habitat.

Photographed 27 April 2018.

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Leucocrinum montanum on south-facing slope.

Photographed 27 March 2017.

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Article records that use this photograph:

  • Social Trail (across Upper Washington Avenue Open Space), Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado: at Leu. mon..
  • Field Notes: 27 Mar 2017.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1311, Leucocrinum montanum.

Photographed 12 April 2016.

Compare the rocky slope habitat here in Colorado, to the sagebrush streamside habitat in Long Valley, California.

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Leucocrinum montanum on an old alluvial ridge in the Survey Field.

Photographed 9 April 2016.

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Leucocrinum montanum on an old alluvial ridge in the Survey Field.

Photographed 9 April 2016.

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Habitat of Leucocrinum montanum and Townsendia hookeri in the Survey Field.

Photographed 9 April 2016.

Very little ground cover at this early spring time.

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Coll. No. 1303, Leucocrinum montanum

Scanned 11 Jul 2016.

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Apiaceae

Something in the Apiaceae on the edges of cliffs.

Photographed 22 April 2016.

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Possibly Harbouria trachypleura

Photographed 23 September 2015.

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Apiaceae Angelica lineariloba

Detail of Collection No. 556, Angelica lineariloba

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Overview of Collection No. 556, Angelica lineariloba

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Collection No. 556

Photograph taken August 13, 2008.

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Apiaceae Berula erecta

Infloresence of Coll. No. 717.1, Berula erecta

Scanned 18 Oct 2011.

Perennial (?); Habitat wet place other than vernal pool; Rooting, tubers, and rhizomes unknown; Stem ascending, glabrous, hollow; Leaves with sheathing bases, once pinnate; Leaflets toothed or serrate; Infloresence in compound umbels; Bracts and bractlets conspicuous; Flowers white; Style short; Fruit lacking bristles, prickles or tubercles.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Overview of Coll. No. 717.1, Berula erecta

Scanned 18 Oct 2011.

Perennial (?); Habitat wet place other than vernal pool; Rooting, tubers, and rhizomes unknown; Stem ascending, glabrous, hollow; Leaves with sheathing bases, once pinnate; Leaflets toothed or serrate; Infloresence in compound umbels; Bracts and bractlets conspicuous; Flowers white; Style short; Fruit lacking bristles, prickles or tubercles.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS007171Oview.jpg

Apiaceae Cicuta maculata angustifolia

Collection No. 499, Cicuta maculata var. angustifolia

Photograph taken August 2, 2007 beside Bohler Creek.

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Collection No. 499, Cicuta maculata var. angustifolia

Photograph taken August 2, 2007 beside Bohler Creek.

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Collection No. 499, Cicuta maculata var. angustifolia

Scanned 13 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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Apiaceae Conium maculatum

Coll. No. 1436, Conium maculatum

Photographed 12 December 2016.

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Apiaceae Cyclospermum leptophyllum

Coll. No. 134, Cyclospermum leptophyllum

Scanned 8 November 2013.

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Coll. No. 134, Cyclospermum leptophyllum

Scanned 8 November 2013.

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Apiaceae Cymopterus cinerarius

Habitat of Cymopterus cinerarius on the Mono Craters

Photograph taken 17 August 2010.

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Collection No. 754, Cymopterus cinereus

Photograph taken 16 June 2011.

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Coll. No. 703, Apiaceae Cymopterus cinerarius

Scanned 7 June 2011.

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Collection No. 754, Cymopterus cinereus

Photograph taken 16 June 2011.

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Cymopterus cinerarius

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Coll. No. 754, Cymopterus cinerarius

Scanned 17 Jan 2012.

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Apiaceae Cymopterus lemmonii

Umbel of Coll. No. 1469, Cymopterus lemmonii

Scanned 31 December 2016.

Coll. No. 1469, 29 June 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 15 cm., glabrous throughout, except very slightly scabrous at top of peduncle and on ribs of some rays; Pseudoscape, absent; Leaves, basal and cauline, 40 mm. × 25 mm. wide, obovate, compound, leaflets, #7, ultimate divisions narrowly lanceolate; Inflorescence, compound umbel; Involucre, bracts, 1.7 mm., linear (but not pinnafitid); Rays, ascending-spreading, ±equal; Involucel, bractlets green, inconspicuous, 1 mm.; Corolla, petals, #5, 1 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide, yellow; Stamens, #5; Filaments, recurved; Ovary, glabrous; Stylopodium, absent (?); Fruit, unknown.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 1469, Cymopterus lemmonii

Scanned 31 December 2016.

Coll. No. 1469, 29 June 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 15 cm., glabrous throughout, except very slightly scabrous at top of peduncle and on ribs of some rays; Pseudoscape, absent; Leaves, basal and cauline, 40 mm. × 25 mm. wide, obovate, compound, leaflets, #7, ultimate divisions narrowly lanceolate; Inflorescence, compound umbel; Involucre, bracts, 1.7 mm., linear (but not pinnafitid); Rays, ascending-spreading, ±equal; Involucel, bractlets green, inconspicuous, 1 mm.; Corolla, petals, #5, 1 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide, yellow; Stamens, #5; Filaments, recurved; Ovary, glabrous; Stylopodium, absent (?); Fruit, unknown.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Apiaceae Cymopterus terebinthinus

Collection No. 775, Apiaceae Cymopterus terebinthinus

Photograph taken 20 June 2011.

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Apiaceae Cymopterus terebinthinus californicus

Coll. No. 775, Cymopterus terebinthinus var. californicus

Scanned 23 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 775, 23 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb Leaves with sheathing bases, 4° pinnate compund; Infloresence umbellate; Bracts 0 Bractlets present, glabrous; Fruit not sufficiently developed to key.

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Apiaceae Harbouria trachypleura

Coll. No. 1904, Harbouria trachypleura

Photographed 26 November 2018.

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Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1904, Harbouria trachypleura

Scanned 26 November 2018.

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Coll. No. 1357, Harbouria trachypleura

Photographed 21 May 2016.

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Apiaceae Lomatium foeniculaceum fimbriatum

Coll. No. 394, Lomatium foeniculaceum ssp. fimbriatum

Scanned 15 December 2012.

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Coll. No. 394, Lomatium foeniculaceum ssp. fimbriatum

Scanned 15 December 2012.

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Apiaceae Lomatium nevadense nevadense

Coll. No. 960, Lomatium nevadense var. nevadense

Scanned on 7 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 960, 22 May 2013, characters observed: Perennial, spreading, to 10 cm. above ground, from a stout (6 mm. dia.) tap root ≥ 9 cm., in dry soil at undisturbed places, not scented, plant nearly completely glabrous; Stem, ±0; Leaves, 2-3 pinnate, to 6 cm., basal sheaths purple, leaf segments, many, small, oblong, 1-2 mm. wide, sparse short straight white hairs; Inflorescence, compound umbel, involucel inconspicuous, umbels not head like; Pedicels, in fruit 3 mm.; Petals, white or cream; Ovary, glabrous, tip projection 0; Seed, 5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, elliptic, compressed front to back, not notched at base and tip, ribs ±equal, lateral ribs only slightly expanded as wings, glabrous.

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        images/TAS009600Oview.jpg

Apiaceae Lomatium orientale

Coll. No. 1077, Lomatium orientale

Photographed 23 March 2015.

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Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1837, Lomatium orientale

Scanned 2 November 2018.

Coll. No. 1837, 17 May 2018, characters observed: Perennial, to 20 cm., woody taproot; Leaves, compound, pinnate, 75 mm. × 26 mm. wide, ultimate divisions, ≤3 mm., ≤1 mm. wide, villous, tips, obtuse, (with a very small white “spine”); Inflorescence, compound umbel; Involucel Bracts, glabrous; Flowers, white; Anthers, red; Ovary, glabrous, stylopodium, absent; Fruit, 5 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide, ovate, glabrous, dorsally compressed, lateral ribs winged.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS018370Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 1837, Lomatium orientale

Scanned 2 November 2018.

Coll. No. 1837, 17 May 2018, characters observed: Perennial, to 20 cm., woody taproot; Leaves, compound, pinnate, 75 mm. × 26 mm. wide, ultimate divisions, ≤3 mm., ≤1 mm. wide, villous, tips, obtuse, (with a very small white “spine”); Inflorescence, compound umbel; Involucel Bracts, glabrous; Flowers, white; Anthers, red; Ovary, glabrous, stylopodium, absent; Fruit, 5 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide, ovate, glabrous, dorsally compressed, lateral ribs winged.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS018370Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1077, Lomatium orientale

Photographed 23 March 2015.

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Fruit of Coll. No. 1837, Lomatium orientale

Scanned 2 November 2018.

Coll. No. 1837, 17 May 2018, characters observed: Perennial, to 20 cm., woody taproot; Leaves, compound, pinnate, 75 mm. × 26 mm. wide, ultimate divisions, ≤3 mm., ≤1 mm. wide, villous, tips, obtuse, (with a very small white “spine”); Inflorescence, compound umbel; Involucel Bracts, glabrous; Flowers, white; Anthers, red; Ovary, glabrous, stylopodium, absent; Fruit, 5 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide, ovate, glabrous, dorsally compressed, lateral ribs winged.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS018370Fruit.jpg

Apiaceae Musineon divaricatum

Coll. No. 1321, Musineon divaricatum

Scanned 27 July 2016.

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Apiaceae Musineon divaricatum

Photographed 4 May 2016.

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Apiaceae Perideridia bolanderi bolanderi

Coll. No. 961, Perideridia bolanderi ssp. bolanderi

Scanned on 7 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 961, 22 May 2013, characters observed: Perennial, from elongated (7 cm.) tuber, to 50 cm., undisturbed places in dry rocky soil, glabrous, not scented; Leaves, 2°-pinnate and pinnate-ternate, leaf segments wider than thread-like, ultimate leaflet of mature leaf 3.5 mm. wide, not as dimorphic as Taylor (2010) describes; Inflorescence, compound umbel; Involucel, lobes 3.5 mm.; Pedicel, 2.5 mm.; Corolla, white; Ovary, 1.5 mm.; Styles, 1.5 mm.; Fruit, immature, no ribs expanded as wings at this stage (TJM2 Apiaceae 28-28').

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS009610Infl.jpg

Leaf of Coll. No. 961, Perideridia bolanderi ssp. bolanderi

Scanned on 7 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 961, 22 May 2013, characters observed: Perennial, from elongated (7 cm.) tuber, to 50 cm., undisturbed places in dry rocky soil, glabrous, not scented; Leaves, 2°-pinnate and pinnate-ternate, leaf segments wider than thread-like, ultimate leaflet of mature leaf 3.5 mm. wide, not as dimorphic as Taylor (2010) describes; Inflorescence, compound umbel; Involucel, lobes 3.5 mm.; Pedicel, 2.5 mm.; Corolla, white; Ovary, 1.5 mm.; Styles, 1.5 mm.; Fruit, immature, no ribs expanded as wings at this stage (TJM2 Apiaceae 28-28').

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        images/TAS009610Oview.jpg

Apiaceae Perideridia parishii latifolia

Coll. No. 434, Perideridia parishii ssp. latifolia

Scanned 16 December 2012.

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Apocynaceae Amsonia tomentosa

Collection No. 237, Amsonia tomentosa, woolly bluestar.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS002370infl.jpg

Collection No. 237, Amsonia tomentosa, woolly bluestar.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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Apocynaceae Apocynum ×floribundum

Coll. No. 1678, Apocynum ×floribundum

Photographed 18 December 2017.

Coll. No. 1678, 28 Jun 2017, characters observed: Perennial, 45-50 cm., in open prairie; Leaves, 40-57 mm. × 15-25 mm. wide, ovate, lanceolate, and oblong; Calyx, lobes, 1.4-1.6 mm.; Corolla, lobes, 2.5-3.0 mm., erect to spreading in distal ⅓, faded to thin pink veins and various blotches of pinkish color; Corolla lobes 1.56-2.14 times as long as the calyx lobes.

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Coll. No. 1442, Apocynum ×floribundum

Photographed 14 December 2016.

Coll. No. 1442, 22 June 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 35 cm.; Leaves, cauline, opposite, spreading horizontal, petiole 2 mm. + blade 50 mm. × 24 mm. wide, ovate, margin revolute; Sepals, 2.5 mm.; Flowers, bell-shaped, 6 mm. × 5 mm. wide, >2× calyx; Petals, fused at base, tube  mm. + lobes 2 mm., pink, drying purple, lobes erect to spreading, none reflexed; Stamens, 5. Filaments, distinct; More like A. androsaemifolium than A. cannabinum, but it seems to best fit the description of the hybrid A. ×floribundum.

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Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia californica

Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor) in my Alameda, California garden.

In the summer of 1999, I noticed two butterfly larvae on the California Pipevine (Aristolochia californica) in my backyard. They each were black with yellow spots. I suspected that they could be larvae of the Pipevine Swallowtail, but they were gone before I could confirm my identification. Then on May 25, 2000, my wife found this butterfly on the Pipevine. It appears to have just hatched out. After several hours it flew away.

Several days later we watched as a Pipevine Butterfly (the same one?) layed seven eggs in two spots on our Pipevine.

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California Pipevine (Aristolochia californica)

In my garden in Alameda, California.

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Asclepiadaceae Asclepias

Asclepias definitely, maybe A. viridiflora

Photographed 29 July 2016. My observation #1481.

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Leaf of Asclepias definitely, maybe A. viridiflora

Photographed 29 July 2016. My observation #1481.

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Fruit of Asclepias definitely, maybe A. viridiflora

Photographed 29 July 2016. My observation #1481.

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Asclepiadaceae Asclepias erosa

Composite photograph of a bee and a butterfly on Milk Weed in Wild Horse Canyon.

Composite photograph of a bee and a butterfly on the flowers of a Milk Weed (Asclepias erosa) in Wild Horse Canyon wash. My collection #255.

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Milk Weed in Wild Horse Canyon Wash

A colony of Milk Weed (Asclepias erosa) in Wild Horse Canyon wash. My collection #255.

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Collection No. 152, Asclepias erosa

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Asclepiadaceae Asclepias speciosa

Seed of Asclepias speciosa

Photographed 11 November 2014.

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Seed pod of Asclepias speciosa

Photographed 17 October 2014.

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Asparagaceae Asparagus officinalis

Coll. No. 1510, Asparagus officinalis

Photographed 10 January 2017.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower north slopes of North Table Mountain, 0.76 km southeast of the Mesa Spur Trailhead in 58th Avenue, 4.58 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7955°N, 105.2086°W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1843 m. Sterile.

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Beetles

Beetle seen in the Survey Field

Photographed 23 April 2018.

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        images/IMG50089sm.jpg

Berberidaceae Berberis haematocarpa

Coll. No. 735, Berberis harmatocarpa

Scanned 5 Jan 2012.

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Berberidaceae Berberis repens

Coll. No. 1309, Berberis repens

Photographed 12 April 2016.

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Coll. No. 1309, Berberis repens

Scanned 18 July 2016.

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        images/TAS013090Oview.jpg

Betulaceae Corylus cornuta

Coll. No. 1520, Corylus cornuta

Determination tentative.

Photographed 13 January 2017.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower east slopes of North Table Mountain, along the North Table Loop north of the Mesa Top Trail, 1.57 km. northwest of the Easley Road trailhead; 4.56 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7923°N, 105.1973°W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1830 m. Sterile collection, no reproductive parts found. Determination tentative.

Coll. No. 1520, 29 July 2016, characters observed: Tree, Twigs, brown, sparsely (hairy to arachnose); Leaves, alternate, petiole, 6 mm., blade, 130 mm. × 75 mm. wide, base, oblique, tip, acuminate, margin, doubly-serrate, prominently pinnately veined, glabrous.

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Coll. No. 1802, Corylus cornuta

Scanned 9 July 2018.

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Coll. No. 1802, Corylus cornuta

Scanned 9 July 2018.

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        images/TAS018020Node.jpg

Bignoniaceae Chilopsis linearis

Chilopsis linearis "Desert Willow"

Photograph taken on Basin Road, near US Interstate 15.

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Chilopsis linearis "Desert Willow"

Photograph taken on Basin Road, near US Interstate 15.

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Cactaceae Coryphantha missouriensis

Small Missouri Foxtail Cactus

Photographed 18 April 2018.

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Obs. No. 1603, Coryphantha missouriensis

Photographed 28 April 2018.

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Coryphantha missouriensis at Tin Cup Ridge.

Photographed 23 May 2018.

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Missouri Foxtail Cactus beside the trail.

Photographed March 11, 2018.

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  • Social Trail (across Upper Washington Avenue Open Space), Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado: at path.
  • Field Notes: 20180311010.

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Coryphantha missouriensis

Photographed 18 May 2018.

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Coryphantha missouriensis, Green Mountain, Jefferson County, Collorado

Photographed 17 May 2015.

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Missouri Foxtail Cactus sits low in the soil.

Photographed March 11, 2018.

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  • Social Trail (across Upper Washington Avenue Open Space), Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado: at path.
  • Field Notes: 20180311010.

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Coryphantha missouriensis in a crack between three rocks.

Photographed 14 March 2018.

The old roots showing through the soil suggest that this cactus has been here for a long time.

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Cactaceae Coryphantha vivipara

Small Corypantha vivipara in bloom beside Utah Highway 21

Photograph taken June 9, 2008.

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Coryphantha vivipara near Lobo Point.

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Coryphantha vivipara

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Obs. No. 1553, Coryphantha vivipara

Photographed 8 May 2017.

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Coryphantha vivipara with fruit.

Photographed 27 March 2017.

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  • Social Trail (across Upper Washington Avenue Open Space), Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado: at path.
  • Field Notes: 27 Mar 2017.

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Coryphantha vivipara along the road to Lobo Point.

Photographed May 1993. Scanned 17 March 2018.

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Coll. No. 1070, Coryphantha vivipara

Photographed 12 March 2015. Determination tentative. Not collected, solitary cactus.

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Coryphantha vivipara in the Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.

Photographed 15 June 2018.

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Cactaceae Cylindropuntia ramosissima

Opuntia ramosissima along Kelbaker Road.

Photographed 22 January 2015.

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Nasty Lookin' Stuff

Photographed 22 January 2015.

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Cactaceae Echinocereus engelmannii

Echinocereus engelmannii in Wild Horse Canyon.

Photograph of Echinocereus engelmannii "Hedgehog Cactus" taken near the Silver Buddy mine, between Wild Horse Canyon and Macedonia Canyon.

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Echinocereus engelmannii in Wild Horse Canyon.

Photograph of Echinocereus engelmannii "Hedgehog Cactus" taken near the Silver Buddy mine, between Wild Horse Canyon and Macedonia Canyon.

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Bug in Echinocereus engelmannii

Photograph taken 12-May-07.

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Echinocereus engelmannii

Photograph taken 12-May-07.

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Echinocereus engelmannii in Wild Horse Canyon.

Photograph of Echinocereus engelmannii "Hedgehog Cactus" taken near the Silver Buddy mine, between Wild Horse Canyon and Macedonia Canyon.

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Cactaceae Echinocereus triglochidiatus

Mound Cactus (Echinocereus triglochidiatus).

Sometimes also called Claret Cup Cactus, grows in the rocks in the canyons along Wild Horse Canyon Road. My impression is that the species is more common on the Precambrian schist and gneiss, but I have no data to support that conclusion. Occasionally the species can be found on alluvial soils.

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Fire-singed Claret Cup Cactus (Echinocereus triglochidiatus) making a comeback after the Hackberry Complex fire.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005.

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Cactaceae Echinocereus viridiflorus

Obs. No. 1471, Echinocereus viridiflorus

Photographed 29 May 2016.

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High density of Echinocereus viridiflorus

Photographed 15 May 2017.

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  • Social Trail (across Upper Washington Avenue Open Space), Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado: near top.
  • Field Notes: 15 May 2017.

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Obs. No. 1096, Echinocereus viridiflorus

Photographed 3 May 2015.

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Cactaceae Ferocactus cylindraceus

Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus cylindracus) at the base of the south side of Pinto Mountain.

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  • Cedar Canyon Road - Mojave National Preserve: 32000.

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Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus cyindraceus).

This is me pretending to drape my arm across a Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus cyindraceus) at the rock shelter on Wild Horse Mesa. Photograph taken in 1979. I don't look dorky like this anymore.

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Cactaceae Ferocactus polycephalus

Ferocactus polycephalus along Racetrack Valley Road.

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  • Racetrack Valley Road: 16000.

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Cactaceae Lobivia wrightiana

Lobivia wrightiana in my garden.

        images/0700-65.jpg

Cactaceae Mammilaria tetrancistra

Foxtail cactus (Mammilaria tetrancistra) on limestone outcrop in Mesquite Mountains.

Photograph taken April 20, 2004.

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Cactaceae Mammillaria sp.

Mammillaria cactus in my garden.

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Cactaceae Opuntia basilaris

Beavertail cactus (Opuntia basilaris) near the northern boundary of Fort Irwin.

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  • Irwin Road - Central Mojave Desert: 14000.

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Beavertail Cactus (Opuntia basilaris) near Winters Pass in the Mesquite Mountains.

Photograph taken 20 April 2005, in the Mesquite Mountains, about 1000 meters northeast of Winters Pass. This is my collection number 449.

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Opuntia basilaris

Photograph taken in early April on the north side of Old Dad Mountain.

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Beavertail (Opunita basilaris) sprouting after a fire.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005 near Lobo Point, Mojave National Preserve.

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Collection No. 449 from the Mesquite Mountains.

Scanned 22-Jan-06.

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Cactaceae Opuntia bigelovii

Teddy Bear Cholla

Photograph taken April 22, 2008.

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  • Pinto Basin Road, Joshua Tree National Park, Riverside County, California: 45000.
  • Field Notes: 22-Apr-08.

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Teddy Bear Cholla

Photograph taken April 22, 2008.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Pinto Basin Road, Joshua Tree National Park, Riverside County, California: 45000.
  • Field Notes: 22-Apr-08.

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Teddy-Bear Cholla (Opuntia bigelovii) near Boundary Cone

Photograph taken May 29, 2008.

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Cactaceae Opuntia chlorotica

Pancake Cactus (Opuntia chlorotica) resprouting after the Hackberry Complex Fire.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005.

This is one of the few cacti that were resprouting. Many others were not. Perhaps it has to do with the amount of damage to the base of the plant from the heat.

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Cactaceae Opuntia echinocarpa

Silver cholla (Opuntia echinocarpa) in lower Wild Horse Canyon.

Silver cholla appears to be limited by elevation and isn't found at higher elevations.

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  • Wild Horse Canyon Road - Mojave National Preserve: in lower cyn.

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Cactaceae Opuntia erinacea

Mojave Prickly Pear (Opuntia erinacea) on the slopes of the Winters Pass Hills

Photograph taken April 20, 2004

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Cactaceae Opuntia macrorhiza

Obs. No. 1540, Opuntia macrorhiza

Photographed 2 May 2017.

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Cactaceae Opuntia polyacantha

Obs. No. 1427, Opuntia polyacantha

Photographed 9 June 2015.

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Flower and fruit of Coll. No. 1428, Opuntia polyacantha

Scanned 11 December 2016.

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Cactaceae Opuntia sp.

Opuntia along Racetrack Valley Road.

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  • Racetrack Valley Road: 16000.

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Cactaceae Pediocactus simpsonii

Pediocactus simpsonii on North Table Mountain

Photographed 27 February 2016.

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Pediocactus simpsonii in bloom at Ranson Edwards Homestead OSP.

Photographed 14 April 2016.

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Pediocactus simpsonii (Nutt.) Haw.

Photographed 25 April 2015.

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Habitat of Pediocactus simpsonii (Nutt.) Haw.

Photographed 25 April 2015.

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Concentration of Pediocactus simpsonii

Photographed 16 April 2018.

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Concentration of Pediocactus simpsonii

Photographed 16 April 2018.

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Obs. No. 1428, Pediocactus simpsonii

Photographed 9 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ0797sm.jpg

Habitat of Obs. No. 1428, Pediocactus simpsonii

Photographed 9 June 2015.

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Habitat of Pediocactus simpsonii on North Table Mountain

Photographed 27 February 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2019sm.jpg

Cactaceae Sclerocactus polyancistrus

Sclerocactus polyancistrus near Furnace Creek, White Mountains, California

Photograph taken 11-May-07.

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  • Furnace Creek Road: 28200.

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Mojave Fish-Hook Cactus (Sclerocactus polyancistrus)

        images/1339_3153_1142_23sm.jpg

Mojave Fish-Hook Cactus (Sclerocactus polyancistrus)

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Mojave Fish-Hook Cactus (Sclerocactus polyancistrus)

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Campanulaceae Campanula glomerata

Coll. No. 1982, Campanula glomerata

Photographed 15 July 2018.

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Landscape that includes Campanula glomerata

Photographed 15 July 2018.

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Coll. No. 1982, Campanula glomerata

Photographed 15 July 2018.

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Campanulaceae Campanula rotundiflora

Coll. No. 1246, Campanula rotundiflora

Scanned 21 December 2015.

Coll. No. 1246, 24 July 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Leaves, basal, ?, cauline, alternate, ±lance-linear, 52 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide; Inflorescence, solitary and loose racemes; Pedicel, 9 mm.; Calyx, tube 2.5 mm. + 5 lobes 2.5 mm. = 5.0 mm.; Corolla, 13 mm, blue-purple; Capsule, nodding, 5.5 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, opening by pores near the base.

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Canidae Canis latrans

Coyote at Ranson/Edwards.

Photographed 24 July 2016.

The coyote wanted to take a nap under the trees at left, but my presence was disturbing, so it moved on.

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Canis latrans

Coyote begs for food along Badwater Road.

Photograph taken April 24, 2011.

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Cannabaceae Celtis reticulata

Coll. No. 1799, Celtis reticulata

Scanned 9 July 2018.

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Coll. No. 1798, Celtis reticulata

Scanned 9 July 2018.

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Coll. No. 1799, Celtis reticulata

Scanned 9 July 2018.

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Coll. No. 1798, Celtis reticulata

Scanned 9 July 2018.

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Coll. No, 1799, Celtis reticulata

Photographed 7 May 2018.

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Coll. No, 1799, Celtis reticulata

Photographed 7 May 2018.

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Caprifoliaceae Lonicera tatarica

Coll. No. 1591, Lonicera tatarica

Scanned 26 November 2017.

Coll. No. 1591, 2 May 2017, characters observed: Shrub to small tree, 2 m.; Leaves, opposite, 24 mm. × 17 mm. wide, simple, entire, petiole, 1.5 mm.; Peduncle, 10-13 mm.; Flowers, in pairs, subtended by bracts, bisexual; Bracts, small, at base of calyx; Calyx, tube 2.0 mm. + lobes 0.5-1.0 mm.; Corolla, tube 12.5 mm. + lobes 12 mm., pink, hairy inside; Ovary, inferior; Stamens, #5, exserted, versatile; Style, #1, exserted, hairy; Stigma, capitate. Disturbed places, native to Siberia, sporadic escapee from cultivation, berries possibly toxic.

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Coll. No. 1705, Lonicera tatarica

Scanned 26 November 2017.

Same plant as my Coll. No. 1591.

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Coll. No. 1591, Lonicera tatarica

Photographed 2 May 2017.

Coll. No. 1591, 2 May 2017, characters observed: Shrub to small tree, 2 m.; Leaves, opposite, 24 mm. × 17 mm. wide, simple, entire, petiole, 1.5 mm.; Peduncle, 10-13 mm.; Flowers, in pairs, subtended by bracts, bisexual; Bracts, small, at base of calyx; Calyx, tube 2.0 mm. + lobes 0.5-1.0 mm.; Corolla, tube 12.5 mm. + lobes 12 mm., pink, hairy inside; Ovary, inferior; Stamens, #5, exserted, versatile; Style, #1, exserted, hairy; Stigma, capitate. Disturbed places, native to Siberia, sporadic escapee from cultivation, berries possibly toxic.

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Caprifoliaceae Symphoricarpos

Coll. No. 1654, Symphoricarpos sp.

Photographed 1 June 2017.

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Caprifoliaceae Symphoricarpos longiflorus

Symphoricarpus longiflorus at Lobo Point.

Photograph taken May 22, 2004.

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Fragrant Snowberry (Symphoricarpos longiflorus) resprouting from its roots.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005.

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Collection No. 179, Symphoricarpos longiflorus, fragrant snowberry.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS001790oview.jpg

Fragrant Snowberry at Lobo Point.

These photographs, taken May 25, 2001, show the habitat of Fragrant Snowberry (Symphoricarpos longiflorus) at Lobo Point. The plant is the meter-high shrub growing around the Pinyon Pine in the approximate center of the photograph. To date, this is the only location at which I have found this species.

A search of University and Jepson Herbaria at UC Berkeley showed specimens collected by Mary Beal in Fountain Canyon, Providence Mountains, Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg in Caruthers Canyon, and Carl Wolf in Keystone Canyon.

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Former thicket of Fragrant Snowberry burned by the Hackberry Complex Fire.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005.

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Caprifoliaceae Symphoricarpos occidentalis

Coll. No. 1285, Symphoricarpos occidentalis

Scanned 16 January 2016.

Coll. No. 1285, 28 Aug 2015, characters observed: Woody perennial, to 1 m.; Leaves, cauline, opposite, 45 mm. × 28 mm. wide, ovate, margin, entire, revolute, becoming toothed with age; Flowers, ±8 in dense axillary clusters; Corolla, tube 3 mm. + lobes 3 mm. = 6 mm., hairy at level of insertion of filaments; Stamens, exserted; Style, exserted; Fruit, 5 mm.

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Flower of Symphoricarpos occidentalis as found on Green Mountain.

Scanned 3 August 2014.

Woody perennial to 50 cm., forming dense colonies in moist open swales, [spreading by long sparsely-branched rhizomes,] Twigs without lenticels, minutely hairy when young; Leaves opposite, ovate, to 7 cm. × 5 cm. wide, reduced above, thick, approaching leathery, pinnately veined, upper surface glabrous, lower few short white hairs, margin slightly wavy, slightly rolled under, sparsely curved hairy; Petioles to 7 mm.; Inflorescence axillary (and terminal?); Floral bracts triangular, 3 mm.; Flowers in dense axillary clusters, bisexual, ±radial, possibly slightly bilateral, 2 or more whorls; Corolla fused at base, tube 2 mm., throat with recurved hairs, lobes 5, 2-3 mm, slightly longer than tube, white with magenta mottling; Stamens 5, alternate, exserted; Anthers versatile; Ovary inferior; Pistil 1; Style exserted; Stigma entire; Fruit a berry, green when young, mature color and size unknown (Described from specimen seen on Green Mountain, 2 August 2014).

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        images/271Symocc_fl.jpg

Symphoricarpos occidentalis as found on Green Mountain.

Scanned 3 August 2014.

Woody perennial to 50 cm., forming dense colonies in moist open swales, [spreading by long sparsely-branched rhizomes,] Twigs without lenticels, minutely hairy when young; Leaves opposite, ovate, to 7 cm. × 5 cm. wide, reduced above, thick, approaching leathery, pinnately veined, upper surface glabrous, lower few short white hairs, margin slightly wavy, slightly rolled under, sparsely curved hairy; Petioles to 7 mm.; Inflorescence axillary (and terminal?); Floral bracts triangular, 3 mm.; Flowers in dense axillary clusters, bisexual, ±radial, possibly slightly bilateral, 2 or more whorls; Corolla fused at base, tube 2 mm., throat with recurved hairs, lobes 5, 2-3 mm, slightly longer than tube, white with magenta mottling; Stamens 5, alternate, exserted; Anthers versatile; Ovary inferior; Pistil 1; Style exserted; Stigma entire; Fruit a berry, green when young, mature color and size unknown (Described from specimen seen on Green Mountain, 2 August 2014).

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        images/271Symocc_oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1285, Symphoricarpos occidentalis

Scanned 16 January 2016.

Coll. No. 1285, 28 Aug 2015, characters observed: Woody perennial, to 1 m.; Leaves, cauline, opposite, 45 mm. × 28 mm. wide, ovate, margin, entire, revolute, becoming toothed with age; Flowers, ±8 in dense axillary clusters; Corolla, tube 3 mm. + lobes 3 mm. = 6 mm., hairy at level of insertion of filaments; Stamens, exserted; Style, exserted; Fruit, 5 mm.

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        images/TAS012850Fr.jpg

Caprifoliaceae Symphoricarpos rotundifolius

Detail of Collection No. 665, Symphoricarpos rotundifolius var. rotundifolius

Scanned 17 May 2011.

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        images/TAS006650Det.jpg

Symphoricarpos rotundifolius near Sagehen Meadow

Photograph taken 16 July 2010.

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        images/IMGP9517sm.jpg

Overview of Collection No. 665, Symphoricarpos rotundifolius var. rotundifolius

Scanned 17 May 2011.

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Habitat of Symphoricarpos rotundifolius near Sagehen Meadow

Photograph taken 16 July 2010.

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        images/IMG_1072sm.jpg

Round-Leaved Snowberry Symphoricarpos rotundifolius in the burned area along the road.

Photograph taken 15 Jul 2010.

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        images/IMGQ0461sm.jpg

Symphoricarpos rotundifolius near Sagehen Meadow

Photograph taken 16 July 2010.

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        images/IMGP0508sm.jpg

Carex aquatilis aquatilis

Location of Coll. No. 890, Carex aquatilis var. aquatilis.

Photographed 23 August 2012.

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        images/IMG30622sm.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Cerastium arvense strictum

Coll. No. 1078, Cerastium arvense ssp. strictum

Scanned 11 June 2015.

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        images/TAS010780Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1479, Cerastium arvense ssp. strictum

Scanned 26 December 2016.

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        images/TAS014790Oview.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Dianthus armeria

Habitat of Obs. No. 1453, Dianthus armeria

Photographed 20 August 2015.

The Dianthus is the small pink flower just above left center. There are also numerous dried, brown infloresences with capsules, e.g., above right center.

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        images/IMGQ1535sm.jpg

Obs. No. 1453, Dianthus armeria

Photographed 20 August 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1525sm.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Eremogene fendleri

Coll. No. 1270, Eremogene fendleri

Scanned 8 January 2015.

Coll. No. 1270, 29 Jul 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, tufted, to 30 cm.; Stem, proximal glabrous, distal short glandular hairy “peg-like hairs”; Leaves, cauline, 50 mm. × 0.5 mm. wide, linear to needle-like, erect to appressed, tip small spinulose, stipules absent; Inflorescence, open cyme; Pedicels, 3-8 mm.; Sepals, distinct, 4.5 mm., glandular hairy; Petals, entire; Anthers, purple.

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        images/TAS012700Oview.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Eremogone kingii glabrescens

Coll. No. 965, Eremogone kingii var. glabrescens

Scanned on 8 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 965, 22 May 2013, characters observed: Perennial, tufted or mat-forming, from woody underground rootstocks, to 8 cm.; Stipules 0; Leaves, congested at base of flower stems, opposite, needle-like, 5.5-6.5 mm. × 0.7 mm.; Inflorescence, not umbel-like; Sepals, ±free, 4 mm. × 1.5 mm., acute (not obtuse or rounded), spine-tipped; Petals, #5, 5 mm., white, entire; Styles, #3; Fruit, a capsule, otherwise immature.

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        images/TAS009650Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 433, Eremogone kingii var. glabrescens

Scanned 23 October 2012.

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        images/TAS004330Oview.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Eremogone macradenia macradenia

Eremogone macradenia var. macradenia on Wild Horse Mesa.

Photograph taken May 22. 2004.

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        images/IMGP0457sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1582, Eremogone macradenia var. macradenia

Scanned 3 November 2017.

Coll. No. 1582, 18 April 2017, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 22 cm.; Leaves, opposite, ascending, 12 mm. × 1 mm. wide, widest at base, tapered throughout length, tip sharp-pointed; Inflorescence, open cyme; Sepals, acute (barely acuminate), 6 mm. × 2 mm. wide. Stem and leaves short relative to typical descriptions, but not likely to be E. kingii var. glabrescens.

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        images/TAS015820Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 189, Eremogone macradenia var. macradenia

Scanned 22 May 2015.

Coll. No. 189, 29 May 1999, characters observed; Perennial, from woody rootstock, to 30 cm.; Stem, 16-27 cm.; Leaves, opposite, 18 mm. proximally to 6 mm. distally, needle-like, congested bear base, stipules 0; Inflorescence, open cyme; Sepals, free, 4.2-7.8 mm. × 2.5 mm wide, tip acute, folded tightly but not a spine; Petals, entire, claw 0; Styles, 3; Fruit, capsule, sutures 6.

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        images/TAS001890Oview.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Gypsophila paniculata

Coll. No. 1710, Gypsophila paniculata

Photographed 30 December 2017.

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        images/IMGQ4515sm.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Minuartia obtusiloba

Minuartia obtusiloba ??

Photographed 28 June 2018.

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        images/IMGQ4706sm.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Paronychia jamesii

Paronychia jamesii as seen on top of North Table Mountain

Photographed 8 October 2014.

Determination tentative.

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        images/IMG40580sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1263, Paronychia jamesii

Scanned 30 December 2015.

Coll. No. 1263, 29 July 2015, characters observed: Perennial erect subshrub, to 15 cm.; Leaves, cauline, opposite, 10 mm., linear, pointed, stipules, 4-5 mm., papery; Inflorescence, many-flowered cyme; Sepals, #5, 2.3 mm., greenish, awn-tipped; Petals, absent.

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        images/TAS012630Oview.jpg

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1263, Paronychia jamesii

Scanned 30 December 2015.

Coll. No. 1263, 29 July 2015, characters observed: Perennial erect subshrub, to 15 cm.; Leaves, cauline, opposite, 10 mm., linear, pointed, stipules, 4-5 mm., papery; Inflorescence, many-flowered cyme; Sepals, #5, 2.3 mm., greenish, awn-tipped; Petals, absent.

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        images/TAS012630Infl.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Silene

Coll. No. 1465, Silene sp.

Scanned 21 December 2016.

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        images/TAS014650Fl.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Silene csereii

Coll. No. 1922, Silene csereii

Photographed 6 December 2018.

Coll. No. 1922, 3 June 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, erect, to 50 cm.; Stem, simple, branched only in the inflorescence, without dark or sticky band; Inflorescence, glabrous; Calyx, tube 9 mm. × 8 mm. across + lobes 2 mm., indented at base around peduncle, glabrous, veins obscure, reticulations faint; Corolla, white to cream; Stamens, #10, exserted 10 mm.; Filaments, white to purple-tinged distally; Seeds, unknown.

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        images/IMGQ4799sm.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Silene scabriflora

Coll. No. 324, Silene scabriflora

Scanned 13 December 2012.

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        images/TAS003240Det.jpg

Coll. No. 324, Silene scabriflora

Scanned 13 December 2012.

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        images/TAS003240Oview.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Silene vulgaris

Habitat of Coll. No. 1463, Silene vulgaris

Photographed 27 June 2016.

The field determination was Silene antirrhina, but now is changed to S. vulgaris.

Coll. No. 1463, 27 June 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, erect, to 55 cm., generally glabrous throughout; Stem, lacking dark sticky band, most, i.e., 7/8 stems, simple unbranched; Stipules, 0; Leaves, basal, unknown, cauline, opposite, 44 mm. × 6-7 mm. wide, sessile, bases connate; Calyx, tube 8 mm. × 5.5 mm. wide + lobes 2 mm. somewhat inflated, many green veins, not particularly prominent; indented around peduncle (when pressed and dry); Corolla, 13 mm., limb 6 mm., white; Stamens, #10, exserted; Filaments, white (definitely not purple); Seeds, 1 mm., brown, papillate.

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        images/IMGQ2791sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1463, Silene vulgaris

Photographed 27 June 2016.

The field determination was Silene antirrhina, but now is changed to S. vulgaris.

Coll. No. 1463, 27 June 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, erect, to 55 cm., generally glabrous throughout; Stem, lacking dark sticky band, most, i.e., 7/8 stems, simple unbranched; Stipules, 0; Leaves, basal, unknown, cauline, opposite, 44 mm. × 6-7 mm. wide, sessile, bases connate; Calyx, tube 8 mm. × 5.5 mm. wide + lobes 2 mm. somewhat inflated, many green veins, not particularly prominent; indented around peduncle (when pressed and dry); Corolla, 13 mm., limb 6 mm., white; Stamens, #10, exserted; Filaments, white (definitely not purple); Seeds, 1 mm., brown, papillate.

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        images/IMGQ2795sm.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Spergularia marina

Coll. No. 306, Spergularia marina

Scanned 7 November 2013.

Coll. No. 306, 22 Sep 2002, characters observed while keying: Perennial (short-lived) subshrub, saline environments, green and photosynthetic; Leaves, opposite, simple, fused at base, linear, entire, petiole 0; Stipules, 3 mm., scarious; Inflorescence, 1-3 in involucre, glandular hairy; Flowers, open, radial, bisexual, parts in 5s, both sepals and petals; Sepals, 5, free; Petals, 5, free at base, claw 0; Ovary superior; Pistil 1; Stigma 2; Stamens, #±5, alternate; Fruit, capsule; Seed, 0.6 mm., light brown.

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        images/TAS003060Oview.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Stellaria longifolia

Habitat of Coll. No. 1411, Stellaria longifolia

Photographed 10 June 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2709sm.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Stellaria longipes

Habitat of Stellaria longipes in Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010, in the swale draining the meadow, southeast portion of meadow, rocks are part of an attempt to reduce erosion in the swale.

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        images/IMGP0313sm.jpg

Habitat of Stellaria longipes near Dry Creek.

Photograph taken 22 June 2010.

The stellaria can be seen left of center. Later in the season, the grass had grown much taller, and the Stellaria was much harder to find.

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        images/IMGP0152sm.jpg

Stellaria longipes at Dry Creek.

Photograph taken 22 June 2010.

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        images/IMGP0153sm.jpg

MBRG Collection of Stellaria longipes.

This voucher is DS 744268.

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        images/DS744268.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Stellaria longipes longipes

Coll. No. 862, Stellaria longipes ssp. longipes

Scanned 24 February 2013.

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        images/TAS008620Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 862, Stellaria longipes ssp. longipes

Scanned 24 February 2013.

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        images/TAS008620Det.jpg

Caryophyllaceae Stellaria media

Coll. No. 804, Stellaria media

Scanned 24 January 2013.

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        images/TAS008040Oview.jpg

Celastraceae Mortonia scabrella

Coll. No. 732, Mortonia scabrella

Scanned 1 Jan 2012.

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        images/TAS007320Oview.jpg

Celastraceae Mortonia utahensis

Growth habit of Mortonia utahensis.

Photograph taken April 23, 2004.

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Flowers of Mortonia utahensis.

Photograph taken April 23, 2004.

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Typical appearance of leaves on Mortonia utahensis

Photograph taken April 23, 2004.

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        images/IMGP0440sm.jpg

Cercocarpus montanus

Mountain Mahogany (Cercocarpus montanus) on South Table Mountain.

Photographed 15 October 2014.

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        images/IMG40608sm.jpg

Cervidae Odocoileus hemionus

Fawn waiting for its mother.

Photograph taken 20 June 2011.

This little fawn didn't move a muscle, didn't even blink, except for breathing.

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        images/IMG11959sm.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Allenrolfea occidentalis

Reynolds Coll. No. 1050, Allenrolfea occidentalis

Scanned 31 December 2013.

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        images/RER001050Oview.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Atriplex canescens

Detail of Coll. No. 721, Atriplex canescens var. canescens

Scanned 19 Oct 2011.

Shrub 1 m; Twigs 30 cm, 2 mm wide at base to 1 mm wide at tip; Leaves (mature primary) 28-35 mm, 5-7 mm wide, (smallest) 12-15 mm, 2 mm wide; Bracts 8-9 mm, 5 mm wide, entire to dentate (not deeply sharp-dentate).

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        images/TAS007210Infl.jpg

Overview of Coll. No. 721, Atriplex canescens var. canescens

Scanned 19 Oct 2011.

Shrub 1 m; Twigs 30 cm, 2 mm wide at base to 1 mm wide at tip; Leaves (mature primary) 28-35 mm, 5-7 mm wide, (smallest) 12-15 mm, 2 mm wide; Bracts 8-9 mm, 5 mm wide, entire to dentate (not deeply sharp-dentate).

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        images/TAS007210Oview.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Atriplex confertifolia

Coll. No. 232, Atriplex confertifolia

Scanned 23 May 2015.

Coll. No. 232, 30 Apr 2000, characters observed; Perennial, woody shrub, to 1 m.; Stem, some branch tips spiny, smooth not striate; Leaves, petiole 4-5 mm., blade 16-18 mm. × 9.0-9.5 mm. wide, length 1.7-2.0  × width, margins entire; Inflorescence, dioecious or monoecious (staminate or pistillate flowers are borne separately, but when the collection was made, I did not note separate branches or separate plants); Bracts, fruiting, to 5 mm. × 4 mm. wide, ±leaf-like (small, per description in TJM2, but all different sizes and likely still growing).

Some of the fruiting bracts are circles in red.

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        images/TAS002320Det.jpg

Coll. No. 232, Atriplex confertifolia

Scanned 23 May 2015.

Coll. No. 232, 30 Apr 2000, characters observed; Perennial, woody shrub, to 1 m.; Stem, some branch tips spiny, smooth not striate; Leaves, petiole 4-5 mm., blade 16-18 mm. × 9.0-9.5 mm. wide, length 1.7-2.0  × width, margins entire; Inflorescence, dioecious or monoecious (staminate or pistillate flowers are borne separately, but when the collection was made, I did not note separate branches or separate plants); Bracts, fruiting, to 5 mm. × 4 mm. wide, ±leaf-like (small, per description in TJM2, but all different sizes and likely still growing).

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        images/TAS002320Oview.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Atriplex polycarpa

Reynolds Coll. No. 1051, Atriplex polycarpa

Scanned 31 December 2013.

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        images/RER010510Oview.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Bassia hyssopifolia

Coll. No. 493, Bassia hyssopifolia

Scanned 3 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Coll. No. 493, 12 Apr 2012, characters observed: Annual, to 25 cm., hairs simple; Stem single erect, or branched at base 90° and ascending, not jointed or fleshy, nodes without spines, hairy; Leaves alternate, well-developed, without stipules, well-developed, 7 mm., lanceolate, entire, weakly fleshy, veins obscure, hairs appressed, proximal narrowed at base, distal not clasping, hairs appressed; Inflorescence in axillary clusters; Flowers with calyx, bisexual, no tubercules, hooks, or appendages visible; Calyx, lobes 5, hairy1, not bristly or spine-tipped, little red things among hairs that could be developing tuberucles or hooks1; Petals 0; Styles, 2; Stamens 5; Fruit, unknown, not developed; Seed, unknown, not developed;

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        images/TAS00493infl.jpg

Collection No. 493, Bassia hyssopifolia

Scanned 3 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Coll. No. 493, 12 Apr 2012, characters observed: Annual, to 25 cm., hairs simple; Stem single erect, or branched at base 90° and ascending, not jointed or fleshy, nodes without spines, hairy; Leaves alternate, well-developed, without stipules, well-developed, 7 mm., lanceolate, entire, weakly fleshy, veins obscure, hairs appressed, proximal narrowed at base, distal not clasping, hairs appressed; Inflorescence in axillary clusters; Flowers with calyx, bisexual, no tubercules, hooks, or appendages visible; Calyx, lobes 5, hairy1, not bristly or spine-tipped, little red things among hairs that could be developing tuberucles or hooks1; Petals 0; Styles, 2; Stamens 5; Fruit, unknown, not developed; Seed, unknown, not developed;

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        images/TAS004930oview.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium

Habitat of Collection No. 722 Chenopodium

Photograph taken 1 September 2010.

This looks like the dry floor of a former pond to me.

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        images/IMG_1390sm.jpg

Coll. No. 623.2

Scanned 11 June 2011.

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        images/TAS006232Oview.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album

Coll. No. 1750, Chenopodium album

Scanned 8 January 2018.

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        images/TAS017500Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 1750, Chenopodium album

Photographed 8 January 2018.

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        images/IMGQ4536sm.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium glaucum

Coll. No. 1046, Chenopodium glaucum

Photographed 26 April 2015.

Coll. No. 1046, 5 Oct 2013, characters observed while flopping around in the keys: Annual herb, to 12 cm., growing in flowing water on the shore of Mono Lake; Stem, not succulent; Leaves alternate, wedge-shaped, 10 mm. × 4 mm. wide, 1-veined, margin toothed, powdery (“farinose”) abaxially; Inflorescence, upper axillary, 3 mm. dia., Calyx lobes 5 when seeds horizontal, ±3 when seeds vertical, thin and membraneous; Flowers unknown; Stamens unknown; Stigmas 2, fused at base; Seed, 1 mm., brown.

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        images/IMGQ0344sm.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium incanum occidentale

Coll. No. 200, Chenopodium incanum var. occidentale

Scanned 23 October 2012.

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        images/TAS002000Oview.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium leptophyllum

Overview of Coll. No. 722, Chenopodium leptophyllum

Scanned 19 Oct 2011.

Leaves lower blades < 3.5 mm (actual 2 mm), one-veined from base; Calyx lobes 5, weakly lobed; Seed horizontal.

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        images/TAS007220Oview.jpg

Overview of Coll. No. 674, Chenopodium leptophyllum

Scanned 27 Oct 2011.

27 Oct 2011: Characters observed while keying: Annual, Leaves dull green to grayish; Lower Blades, one-veined from base, < 3.5 mm wide (measured 2 mm wide); Seed horizontal.

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        images/TAS006740Oview.jpg

Detail of Coll. No. 722, Chenopodium leptophyllum

Scanned 19 Oct 2011.

Leaves lower blades < 3.5 mm (actual 2 mm), one-veined from base; Calyx lobes 5, weakly lobed; Seed horizontal.

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        images/TAS007220Det.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium leptophylum

Coll. No. 1012, Chenopodium leptophylum

Photographed 20 February 2015.

Coll. No. 1012, 22 July 2013, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 80 cm., scaly or powdery throughout; Stem, not jointed, striated; Leaves, weakly fleshy, flattened, primary, 31 mm. × 3.5 mm., lance-linear, 1-veined from base, top acute to rounded, not spine-tipped, short-petioled to sessile, distal not clasping; Flowers, bisexual, calyx lobes 5, appendages 0, condition in fruit unknown; Stamens 5; Ovary superior; Stigma branches 2; Seeds not available, assumed to be horizontal.

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        images/IMGQ0187sm2.jpg

Coll. No. 1012, Chenopodium leptophylum

Photographed 20 February 2015.

Coll. No. 1012, 22 July 2013, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 80 cm., scaly or powdery throughout; Stem, not jointed, striated; Leaves, weakly fleshy, flattened, primary, 31 mm. × 3.5 mm., lance-linear, 1-veined from base, top acute to rounded, not spine-tipped, short-petioled to sessile, distal not clasping; Flowers, bisexual, calyx lobes 5, appendages 0, condition in fruit unknown; Stamens 5; Ovary superior; Stigma branches 2; Seeds not available, assumed to be horizontal.

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        images/IMGQ0190sm.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Grayia spinosa

Coll. No. 670, Grayia spinosa

Scanned 7 June 2011.

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        images/TAS00670Oview.jpg

Male and female flowers of Grayia spinosa as collected at "Sand."

Photograph taken 22 June 2010.

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        images/IMGP0165-6sm.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Micromonolepis pusilla

Coll. No. 617.2, Micromonolepis pusilla.

Scanned 29 Sep 2011. Grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS006172Oview.jpg

Chenopodiaceae Suaeda nigra

Reynolds Coll. No. 1052, Suaeda nigra

Scanned 31 December 2013.

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        images/RER001052Oview.jpg

Class Aves

Sandpiper and two chicks

Photograph taken 22 June 2011.

The water was flowing down one tread of the road.

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        images/IMG_2027sm.jpg

Cleomaceae Cleomella parviflora

Coll. No. 617.1, Cleomella parviflora

Scanned 29 Sep 2011. Grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS006171Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1016, Cleomella parviflora

Photographed 22 February 2015.

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        images/IMGQ0214sm.jpg

Cleomaceae Peritoma lutea

Coll. No. 408, Peritoma lutea

Scanned 10 November 2012.

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        images/TAS004080Oview.jpg

Cleomaceae Peritoma serrulata

Peritoma serrulata beside Tucker Gulch

Photographed 10 August 2014.

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        images/IMG40348sm.jpg

Commelinaceae Tradescantia occidentalis

Color variation in Tradescantia occidentalis.

Photographed 22 May 2017.

Photographs taken within 2 meters of each other on the east side of North Table Mountain.

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        images/IMGQ3945-6sm.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1142, Tradescantia occidentalis

Photographed 15 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ0829sm.jpg

Convolvulaceae Convolvulus arvensis

Coll. No. 1220, Convolvulus arvensis

Scanned 12 December 2015.

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        images/TAS012200Oview.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1220, Convolvulus arvensis

Photographed 17 July 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1271sm.jpg

Convolvulaceae Cuscuta pacifica pacifica

Coll. No. 1039, Cuscuta pacifica var. pacifica

Scanned 29 Dec 2014.

Coll. No. 1039, 13 September 2013, keyed 29 December 2014, characters observed while keying: Plants non-green, parasitic, growing on Salicornia in tidal flat; Leaves absent; Flowers separate from host inflorescence; Pedicel 0.5+ mm.; Calyx, 2.5-3.0 mm., tube 1.3 mm., ±=lobes, net-veined not papillate, tip acute, not appendaged; Corolla, bell-shaped, tube 2.0 mm. + lobes 1.5-2.0 mm. = 3.5-4.0 mm., scale absent present (and quite difficult to see in recently rehydrated material), fringed, corolla tips straight, acute, ±like calyx tips; Stamens alternate; Filaments 0.5 mm., flattened; Anthers 0.4 mm.; Styles 0.5 mm.; Stigma spheric;

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Coll. No. 305, Cuscuta pacifica var. pacifica

Scanned 2 January 2013.

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        images/TAS003050Oview.jpg

Cornaceae Cornus sericea sericea

Coll. No. 698, Cornus sericea ssp. sericea

Scanned 13 Nov 2011.

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        images/TAS006980Oview.jpg

Crassulaceae Crassula aquatica

Coll. No. 1689, Crassula aquatica

Scanned 28 June 2017.

Coll. No. 1689, 28 June 2017, characters observed: Annual, to 22 mm.; Stem, rooting, ascending; Leaves, cauline, opposite, bases conjoined, 4 mm. × 0.5 mm. wide; Flowers, borne singly in axils; Petals, #4, 1 mm. × 1.2 mm. wide; Seeds, #12, 0.4 mm., oblong, lines longitudinal.

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        images/TAS016890sm.jpg

Crassulaceae Crassula connata

Coll. No. 806, Crassula connata

Scanned 24 January 2013.

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Coll. No. 806, Crassula connata

Photographed 8 April 2012.

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Crassulaceae Crassula tillaea

Coll. No. 802, Crassula tillaea

Scanned 24 January 2013.

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Crassulaceae Dudleya saxosa aloides

Desert Dudleya in my garden.

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Dudleya saxosa ssp. aloides at Bonanza King Canyon.

        images/9352-29.jpg

Desert Dudleya in a ravine in the Kelso Mountains.

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Coll. No. 15, Dudleya saxosa ssp. aloides

Photographed May 1993. Scanned 17 March 2018.

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        images/9352-29-320.jpg

Crassulaceae Sedum lanceolatum

Flowers of Sedum lanceolatum just beginning to open.

Photographed 28 May 2015.

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Cupressaceae Juniperus communis depressa

Coll. No. 1361, Juniperus communis var. depressa

Scanned 21 November 2016.

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Glaucous stomatal band on leaf of Coll. No. 1361, Juniperus communis var. depressa

Microphotographed 21 November 2016.

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        images/TAS013610Lf.jpg

Cupressaceae Juniperus grandis

Coll. No. 901, Juniperus grandis

Scanned 29 August 2013.

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Cupressaceae Juniperus osteosperma

Juniperus osteosperma Utah Juniper.

Photograph taken at Lobo Point.

        images/junost.jpg

Collection #572

Scanned May 6, 2010, grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005720Det.jpg

Juniper with dead outer branches beginning to sprout inside.

Photograph taken May 29, 2005.

I thought this Juniper was interesting. The outer branches were all dead from previous years of drought. However, in the 1 1/2 years of normal, or above normal, precipitation, the inside of the Juniper is beginning to sprout and grow new branches.

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        images/IMGP1314sm.jpg

Dead or dying Junipers on north face of Wild Horse Mesa

This photo was taken on May 26, 2003. It shows that many of the junipers on the north face of Wild Horse Mesa are brown and presumably dead or dying.

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        images/TS3038-R1-24.jpg

Very large Utah Juniper, Collection No. 572

Photograph taken July 7, 2009.

"There is a remarkable stand of Utah juniper east of Mono Lake near the Nevada border. The stand has very little single leaf pinyon, and the Utah juniper trees are very large and have the appearance of very old trees. The stand is growing on wind-eroded volcanic tephra sand with little understory herbaceous vegetation, which may contribute to making the location a fire safe site (Barbour, et al., 2007)."

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        images/IMG01956sm.jpg

Collection #572

Scanned May 6, 2010, grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005720Oview.jpg

Juniper along Lobo Point Road.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005.

This Juniper is pretty badly singed along the bottom, but still green in the top.

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        images/IMGP1924sm.jpg

Very large Utah Juniper, Collection No. 571

Photograph taken July 7, 2009.

"There is a remarkable stand of Utah juniper east of Mono Lake near the Nevada border. The stand has very little single leaf pinyon, and the Utah juniper trees are very large and have the appearance of very old trees. The stand is growing on wind-eroded volcanic tephra sand with little understory herbaceous vegetation, which may contribute to making the location a fire safe site (Barbour, et al., 2007)."

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        images/IMG01955sm.jpg

Cupressaceae Juniperus scopulorum

Juniperus scopulorum Sarg. (Rocky Mountain Juniper) in Chimney Gulch

Photographed 30 October 2014.

Chimney Gulch trail passing by just below.

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Cupressaceae Juniperus virginiana

Coll. No. 1775, Juniperus virginiana

Photographed 15 Jun 2018.

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Curcurbitaceae Curcurbita palmata

Curcurbita palmata along Cedar Canyon Road.

Photograph taken in Setember, 1998.

        images/3201-35.jpg

Curcurbita palmata along Cedar Canyon Road.

Photograph taken in September, 1998.

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        images/3201-34.jpg

Cyperaceae Amphiscirpus nevadensis

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1160, Amphiscirpus nevadensis

Scanned 30 October 2015.

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Coll. No. 1160, Amphiscirpus nevadensis

Scanned 30 October 2015.

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        images/TAS011600Oview.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex

Coll. No. 1913, Carex sp.

Scanned 2 December 2018.

Coll. No. 1913, 31 May 2018, characters observed:

Perennial sedge,

Habit, densely caespitose;

Culms, to 60 cm., lightly scabrous below head;

Leaves, 2.2 mm. wide, green, Sheaths, white-hyaline, ventrally smooth;

Inflorescence, 22-26 mm. × 8-9 mm. wide, 8-9 spikes, closely clustered;

Spikes, identical (appearing), brown (but not reddish), 7-9 mm. × 5-6 mm. wide, gynecandrous(?);

There are no anthers. However, there are filaments. In the upper spikes, the flowers are mixed staminate and pistillate with neither appearing to be particularly superior to the other.

Proximal bract, short (7.5 mm.) and setaceous (bristle-like);

Pistillate scales, 3.5 mm., <perigynia, green center, brawn laterally, hyaline margin;

Perigynia, #10 per spike, 3 mm. × 1.4 mm. wide, some weakly winged, papillate, beak flattish, ± sloping to tip, serrulate, achene to beak tip, 1.3 mm.;

Achene, 1.7 mm. × 1.4 mm. wide, biconvex;

Stigma, #2.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS019130Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 1088, Carex sp.

Scanned 30 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1088, 25 April 2015, characters observed: Perennial grass-like herb to 22 cm.; Rhizomes unknown; Inflorescence, mostly staminate, or all pistillate; Bract, subtending lowest spike, 7 mm., does not form a sheath entirely around stem; Spikes, >1 per stem, neither androgynous nor gynecandrous; Scales, pistillate, 4 mm.; Perigynium, 3 mm. × 0.8 mm., surface glabrous, green, margin, not winged, beak, serrulate, brown; Stigmas, 2.

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        images/TAS010880Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 1088, Carex sp.

Scanned 30 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1088, 25 April 2015, characters observed: Perennial grass-like herb to 22 cm.; Rhizomes unknown; Inflorescence, mostly staminate, or all pistillate; Bract, subtending lowest spike, 7 mm., does not form a sheath entirely around stem; Spikes, >1 per stem, neither androgynous nor gynecandrous; Scales, pistillate, 4 mm.; Perigynium, 3 mm. × 0.8 mm., surface glabrous, green, margin, not winged, beak, serrulate, brown; Stigmas, 2.

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        images/TAS010880Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1913, Carex sp.

Photographed 31 May 2018.

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        images/IMG50252sm.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex aquatilis aquatilis

Coll. No. 640

Scanned 7 June 2011.

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        images/TAS006400FemInfl.jpg

Coll. No. 640, Carex aquatilis var. aquatilis

Photograph taken 5 July 2010 in Big Sand Flat.

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Coll. No. 640

Scanned 7 June 2011.

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        images/TAS006400Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 843, Carex aquatilis var. aquatilis

Scanned 19 February 2013.

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        images/TAS008430Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 843, Carex aquatilis var. aquatilis

Scanned 19 February 2013.

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        images/TAS008430Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 843, Carex aquatilis var. aquatilis

Scanned 19 February 2013.

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        images/TAS008430Sheath.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex athrostachya

Coll. No. 472, Carex athrostachya

The grid spacing is 1/4 inch.

Coll. No. 472, 29 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Perennial to 5 dm; Bracts lowest bract well-exceeding the infloresence; Infloresence lateral spikelets sessile; Spikelets > 2 per culm, terminal spikelet has female flowers above male flowers (gynecandrous); Perianth without petal-like parts, subtended by a chaff-like bract; Perigynia thin at maturity, flat except where distended by achene; Anthers basifixed; Ovary 1, completely enveloped in a closed sac-like bract; Styles and Stigmas 2.

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        images/TAS004720oview.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex brevior

Coll. No. 1450, Carex, maybe C. brevior

Scanned 16 December 2016.

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        images/TAS014500Oview.jpg

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1145, Carex brevior

Scanned 21 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1145, 15 June 2015, characters observed: Grass-like perennial, to 75 cm.; Leaves, basal and lower cauline; Inflorescence, terminal, multiple individually distinct spikelets; Bracts, 9 mm., <inflorescence and spikelets, lacking sheath, strong central vein, Spikelets, 4-6 per stem, 10 mm. × 5 mm. wide, gynecandrous (staminate below, pistillate above); Scales, thin, <perigynia; Perigynia, 4.5 mm. × 3 mm. wide, 1.5 × long as wide, glabrous, margin, ±winged, entire below, serrulate above, beak, 1.4 mm., flat, serrulate to tip; Stigmas, 2; Achene, 2 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, lenticular.

        images/TAS011450Infl.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex douglasii

Coll. No. 596, Carex douglasii

Scanned 4 Oct 2011. Scale in centimeters.

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        images/TAS005960Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 596, Carex douglasii

Scanned 4 Oct 2011. Scale marks in millimeters.

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        images/TAS005960Infl.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex geophila

Coll. No. 1910.1, Carex geophila

Scanned 29 November 2018.

Coll. No. 1910.1, 31 May 2018, characters observed: Perennial sedge, caespitose, to 17 cm.; Inflorescence, <leaves, differentiated spikes, basal spikes present; Spikes, terminal spike, staminate, 10 mm. × 1.3 mm. wide; lateral spikes, pistillate, #2, 3-4 flowered; Pistillate scales, ovate, ±=perigynia; Perigynia, suborbicular, 4 mm., pubescent, beak, 1.5 mm.

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        images/TAS019101Oview.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex inops heliophila

Coll. No. 1784, Carex inops var. heliophila

Photographed 16 April 2018.

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        images/IMGQ4619sm.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1568, Carex inops var. heliophila

Photographed 3 April 2017.

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        images/IMGQ3655sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1079, Carex inops ssp. heliophila

Scanned 12 June 2015.

Coll. No. 1079, 23 April 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 16 cm., prior year leaves to 23 cm.; Rhizome, unknown (none found); Culm, 11.5 cm. × 0.6 mm., ±triangular, but obscured by white striations at least when dry; Leaves, 12 cm. × 1.5 mm., ±flat, some folded ≤30°.; Inflorescence, multiple spikes, all approximate (I think this means all pretty close together), 1-2 pistillate spike(s) below, 1 staminate spike above; Bracts, lowest, blade 8 mm., sheath 4.5 mm., papery; Pistillate spike, peduncled 1.0-1.3 mm., 9 mm., brown (not black); Staminate spike, terminal, 16 mm., ovoid (not cylindric), brown (not black); Scales, >perigynum body; Perigynum, pubescent on faces, margin ciliate; Achenes, unknown.

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Carex inops var. heliophila along the trail.

Photographed 14 March 2018.

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        images/IMGQ4579-82.jpg

Crown of Coll. No. 1568, Carex inops ssp. heliophila sewed to voucher.

Photographed 23 December 2017.

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        images/IMGQ4505sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1568, Carex inops var. heliophila

Photographed 3 April 2017.

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        images/IMGQ3657sm.jpg

Finished vouchers of Coll. No. 1568, Carex inops ssp. heliophila

Photographed 23 December 2017.

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        images/IMGQ4500sm.jpg

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1816, Carex inops var. heliophila

Photographed 10 August 2018.

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        images/TAS018160Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 1568, Carex inops var. heliophylla

Scanned 28 September 2017

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        images/TAS015680.jpg

Coll. No. 1816, Carex inops var. heliophila

Photographed 10 August 2018.

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        images/IMGQ4731sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1079, Carex inops ssp. heliophila

Scanned 12 June 2015.

Coll. No. 1079, 23 April 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 16 cm., prior year leaves to 23 cm.; Rhizome, unknown (none found); Culm, 11.5 cm. × 0.6 mm., ±triangular, but obscured by white striations at least when dry; Leaves, 12 cm. × 1.5 mm., ±flat, some folded ≤30°.; Inflorescence, multiple spikes, all approximate (I think this means all pretty close together), 1-2 pistillate spike(s) below, 1 staminate spike above; Bracts, lowest, blade 8 mm., sheath 4.5 mm., papery; Pistillate spike, peduncled 1.0-1.3 mm., 9 mm., brown (not black); Staminate spike, terminal, 16 mm., ovoid (not cylindric), brown (not black); Scales, >perigynum body; Perigynum, pubescent on faces, margin ciliate; Achenes, unknown.

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        images/TAS010790Infl.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex multicostata

Coll. No. 868, Carex multicostata

Scanned 7 Mar 2013.

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        images/TAS008680Infl.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex nebrascensis

Collection No. 508, Carex nebrascensis

Scanned 16 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Coll. No. 508, 2 Aug 2007, characters observed: Perennial, herbaceous, to 50 cm., glabrous throughout; Inflorescence, ≥2 spikelets, lowest bract sheathless (Sect. Phacocystis per Taylor, 2010), pistillate and staminate flowers on same stem, terminal spikelet staminate (Group 8 per TJM2); Spikelets, 2 or more on each culm, lateral spikelets pedunculate, 30 mm. × 5 mm. wide, length 6× width; Perigynum, body 1.8 mm. + beak 0.3 mm. = 2.1 mm., walls tough, faces veined, but beak not as clearly notched as illustrated in TJM2, teeth minutely hairy; Stigmas 2.

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        images/TAS005080oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1123, Carex nebrascensis ?

Photographed 28 May 2015. Determination tentative, I haven't keyed this collection yet!

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        images/IMGQ0638sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1123, Carex nebrascensis

Scanned 28 September 2015.

Coll. No. 1123, 28 May 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 50 cm., growing in running water; Inflorescence, 3-5 spikelets, 18-31 mm., cylindrical, lowest pistillate, peduncle 6 mm., stout, erect, intermediate pistillate below and staminate above, upper staminate; Bracts, lowest without sheath; Scales, pistillate, 3.5 mm. × 1.4 mm. wide, generally black except prominent midrib and chartaceous margin; Perigynia, 3.0 mm. × 1.2 mm. wide, some 3-5 veined, but not all, beak, 0.4 mm, bifid; Stigmas, 2.

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        images/TAS011230Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1123, Carex nebrascensis

Scanned 28 September 2015.

Coll. No. 1123, 28 May 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 50 cm., growing in running water; Inflorescence, 3-5 spikelets, 18-31 mm., cylindrical, lowest pistillate, peduncle 6 mm., stout, erect, intermediate pistillate below and staminate above, upper staminate; Bracts, lowest without sheath; Scales, pistillate, 3.5 mm. × 1.4 mm. wide, generally black except prominent midrib and chartaceous margin; Perigynia, 3.0 mm. × 1.2 mm. wide, some 3-5 veined, but not all, beak, 0.4 mm, bifid; Stigmas, 2.

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        images/TAS011230PisSpike.jpg

Cyperaceae Carex praegracilis

Habitat of Coll. No. 1881, Carex praegracilis

Photographed 24 May 2018.

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        images/IMG50242sm.jpg

Cyperaceae Cyperus squarrosus

Coll. No. 727, Cyperus squarrosus

Scanned 24 Oct 2011.

Characters observed while keying this collection: Monocot; Perianth without petal-like parts, bristles absent; Flowers borne concealed within axils of stramineous (chaff-like or husk-like) bracts; Floral bracts 2-ranked, 5-11-veined (observed: 7), tip recurved; Perigynia absent; Ovary unilocular; Styles 3; Seed widest near top.

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        images/TAS007270Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 727, Cyperus squarrosus

Scanned 24 Oct 2011.

Characters observed while keying this collection: Monocot; Perianth without petal-like parts, bristles absent; Flowers borne concealed within axils of stramineous (chaff-like or husk-like) bracts; Floral bracts 2-ranked, 5-11-veined (observed: 7), tip recurved; Perigynia absent; Ovary unilocular; Styles 3; Seed widest near top.

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        images/TAS007270Det.jpg

Collection No. 727, Cyperus squarrosus L. Bearded Flatsedge.

Photograph taken 1 September.

At first, I thought a Carex. However, it certainly looks like an annual. So it could be Cyperus.

24 Oct 2011: Characters observed while keying this collection: Monocot; Perianth without petal-like parts, bristles absent; Flowers borne concealed within axils of stramineous (chaff-like or husk-like) bracts; Floral bracts 2-ranked, 5-11-veined (observed: 7), tip recurved; Perigynia absent; Ovary unilocular; Styles 3; Seed widest near top.

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        images/IMGP0920sm.jpg

Cyperaceae Eleocharis acicularis

Habitat of Coll. No. 1832, Eleocharis cf. acicularis

Photographed 17 May 2018.

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        images/IMG50192sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1832, Eleocharis cf. acicularis

Scanned 17 May 2018.

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        images/TAS018320sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1832, Eleocharis cf. acicularis

Scanned 30 October 2018.

Determination tentative.

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        images/TAS018320Oview.jpg

Cyperaceae Eleocharis palustris

Coll. No. 1275, Eleocharis sp., probably E. palustris

Scanned 11 January 2016.

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        images/TAS012750Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1215, Eleocharis sp., probably E. palustris

Scanned 11 December 2015.

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        images/TAS012150Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1728, Eleocharis palustris

Scanned 5 January 2018.

I think the little thing coming off the crown to the left is a rhizome.

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        images/TAS017280Oview.jpg

Cyperaceae Schoenoplectus californicus

Schoenoplectus, perhaps S. californicus in the estuary of the Gualala River

Photographed 16 October 2017.

Location records that use this photograph:

  • Gualala, Mendocino County, California

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/20171016_180726sm.jpg

Cyperaceae Schoenoplectus pungens

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1163, Schoenoplectus pungens

Scanned 30 October 2015.

The thing to see here are the long awns on the scales.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS011630Oview.jpg

Cyperaceae Scirpus microcarpus

Coll. No. 521, Scirpus microcarpus

Scanned 20 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Coll. No. 521, 2 Aug 2007, characters observed: Perennial, to 60 cm.; Leaves, cauline present; Inflorescence, terminal; Spikelets, ±30 flowers, not flat, in head-like clusters; Bracts, spiraled? (not 2-ranked); Flower, bisexual, not enclosed in a sac-like structure; Perianth bristles curved around fruit.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Forest Road 01S24, Inyo National Forest, Mono County, California: at pkg.
  • Field Notes: 2-Aug-07.

        images/TAS005210oview.jpg

Coll. No. 900, Scirpus microcarpus

Photographed 29 August 2013.

Coll. No. 900, 24 Aug 2012, characters observed while keying: Perennial terrestrial herb of wet places, to 50 cm, glabrous throughout; Stem leafy, flowering stems with cauline leaves > 1; Inflorescence of many spikelets on pedicels up to 3 cm; Spikelets not flat; Flowers many per spikelet, open, pistillate and staminate flowers in same spikelet; Perigynium absent; Perianth bristles ≥fruit, slightly recurved, uniformly finely-toothed; Pistils 1; Stigmas 2; Fruit, achene, 1-seeded, 2-angled.

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        images/IMG_1631sm.jpg

Coll. No. 900, Scirpus microcarpus

Scanned 29 August 2013.

Coll. No. 900, 24 Aug 2012, characters observed while keying: Perennial terrestrial herb of wet places, to 50 cm, glabrous throughout; Stem leafy, flowering stems with cauline leaves > 1; Inflorescence of many spikelets on pedicels up to 3 cm; Spikelets not flat; Flowers many per spikelet, open, pistillate and staminate flowers in same spikelet; Perigynium absent; Perianth bristles ≥fruit, slightly recurved, uniformly finely-toothed; Pistils 1; Stigmas 2; Fruit, achene, 1-seeded, 2-angled.

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        images/TAS009000Infl.jpg

Cyperaceae Scirpus pallidus

Coll. No. 1488, Scirpus pallidus

Scanned 2 January 2017.

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        images/TAS014880Infl.jpg

Dryopteridaceae Cystopteris fragilis

Coll. No. 1447.1, Fern, perhaps Cystopteris fragilis

Scanned 16 December 2016.

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        images/TAS014471.jpg

Dryopteridaceae Woodsia oregana cathcartiana

Woodsia in a crevice on west side of North Table Mountain.

Photographed 8 June 2017

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        images/IMGQ4005sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1734, Woodsia oregana ssp. cathcartiana

Scanned 7 January 2018.

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        images/TAS017340Leaf.jpg

Coll. No. 1343, Woodsia oregana subsp. cathcartiana

Scanned 9 November 2016.

Of the three characters that distinguish subsp. cathcartiana from subsp. oregana, two, spore size and adaxial epidermal cell size, require measuring in units of µm, something outside the usual abilities of the field botanist. The third character, regarding the cells on pinnule margins being irregular in shape making the margins appear ragged, can be seen with a good microscope.

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        images/TAS013430Oview.jpg

Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus angustifolia

Coll. No. 1645, Elaeagnus angustifolia

Photographed 30 May 2017.

Mature tree on right, young tree on left.

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        images/IMGQ3965-6sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1437, Elaeagnus angustifolia

Scanned 12 December 2016.

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        images/TAS014370Twig.jpg

Elaeagnaceae Shepherdia argentea

Detail of Coll. No. 723, Shepherdia argentea

Scanned 19 Oct 2011.

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        images/TAS007230Oview.jpg

Repeatedly browsed Buffalo Berry (Shepherdia argentea) in a meadow near Rush Creek.

Photograph taken 1 September 2010.

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        images/IMG01391sm.jpg

Buffalo Berry (Shepherdia argentea) growing out of the willows along Rush Creek.

Photograph taken 1 September 2010.

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Habitat of Buffalo Berry (Shepherdia argentea) along Rush Creek.

Photograph taken 1 September 2010.

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Ephedraceae Ephedra nevadensis

Male Ephedra nevadensis in bloom near Lobo Point.

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        images/1440-14.jpg

Collection No. 88, Ephedra nevadensis

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        images/TAS000880det.jpg

Collection No. 88, Ephedra nevadensis

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        images/TAS000880oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1573, Ephedra nevadensis

Photographed 2 October 2017.

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        images/TAS015730Oview.jpg

Ephedraceae Ephedra viridis

Ephedra viridis in Wild Horse Canyon.

This specimen is approximately 1 meter tall, and 2 meters across. Ephedra viridis is easy to recognize because its stems stick straight up and are bright green.

        images/2907-30.jpg

Ephedra viridis resprouting one year after the fire.

Photograph taken 7-Jun-06.

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        images/IMGP2421sm.jpg

Habitat of Ephedra viridis in the Mono Dunes

Photograph taken on a rainy Sunday afternoon 30 August 2010.

This location is on California Highway 167, 4.2 miles east of US Highway 395, in a stabilized dune field on the north shore of Pleistocene Lake Mono.

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        images/IMG_1369sm.jpg

Photograph of a male Green Ephedra (Ephedra viridis) along the ridge line of the Mid Hills.

Photograph taken in May, 1997.

        images/ephvir.jpg

Habitat of Ephedra viridis in Bohler Canyon

Photograph taken 19 June 2010.

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        images/IMG_0873sm.jpg

Coll. No. 401, Ephedra viridis

Scanned 7 June 2012. Shows how green ephedra looks after drying for 8 years.

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        images/TAS004010Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 954, Ephedra viridis

Photographed 21 May 2013.

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        images/IMG31452sm.jpg

Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense

Coll. No. 870.1, Equisetum arvense

Scanned 11 Mar 2013.

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        images/TAS008701Oview.jpg

Ericaceae Arctostaphylos patula

Coll. No. 1043, Arctostaphylos patula

Scanned 26 April 2015.

Coll. No. 1043, 3 Oct 2013, characters observed while keying: Perennial shrub, >1 m. tall, burl unknown, sprouting after fire unknown; Stems, bark reddish, smooth; Twigs, pubescent with gold-tipped hairs; Leaves, alternate, green, ±shiny, surfaces generally same color, lightly covered with small gold-tipped hairs, ovate to elliptic, 35 mm. × 23 mm. wide, base truncate to rounded, margin entire, tip obtuse, petiole 6 mm., covered with gold-tipped hairs; Inflorescence, nascent infl. pendent; Flowers unknown; Fruit unknown.

Plant typically of high Sierra Nevada (SNH) in this region, collected frequently in Mammoth Lakes area. This is possibly the first collection from the Mono Lake basin.

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        images/TAS010430Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1043, Arctostaphylos patula

Photographed 3 October 2013.

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        images/IMG_1687sm.jpg

Ericaceae Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Coll. No. 1355, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Photographed 21 May 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2595sm.jpg

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi along the spine of Tin Cup Ridge

Photographed 23 September 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1650sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1355, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Scanned 20 November 2016.

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        images/TAS013550Oview.jpg

Ponderosa pine and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi on Tin Cup Ridge

Photographed 23 September 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1653sm.jpg

Euphorbiaceae Chamaesyce albomarginata

Rattlesnake Weed (Chamaesyce albomarginata) in the Mesquite Mountains.

Photograph taken 21 April 2005, while returning to Winters Pass from a summit of the Mesquite Mountains.

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Coll. No. 220, Chamaesyce albomarginata on the north slope of Wild Horse Mesa.

Coll. No. 220, 27 Apr 2000, characters observed:

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        images/1440-15.jpg

Coll. No. 220, Chamaesyce albomarginata

Scanned 16 May 2015.

Coll. No. 220, 27 Apr 2000, characters observed:

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Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia esula

Coll. No. 1733, Euphorbia esula

Photographed 7 Jnauary 2018.

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        images/IMGQ4526sm.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1795, Euphorbia esula

Photographed 27 April 2018.

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Coll. No. 1657, Euphorbia esula

Photographed 11 December 2017.

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Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia myrsinites

Myrtle Spurge as a treasured landscaping element.

Photographed 6 October 2014.

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        images/IMG40539sm.jpg

Location of patch of Euphorbia myrsinites on lower slopes of Lookout Mountain.

Photographed 6 July 2016.

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Myrtle Spurge on Arapahoe Street.

Photographed 22 March 2016.

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Myrtle spurge in the alley.

Photographed 22 March 2016.

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Two Colorado noxious weeds growing together at Windy Saddle

Photographed 30 October 2014.

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Euphorbiaceae myrsinites “Myrtle Spurge”

Photographed 3 April 2017.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Social Trail (Parfet Estates Drive to Landing Zone), Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado: 80000.
  • Field Notes: 3 Apr 2017.

        images/IMGQ3653sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1779, Euphorbia myrsinites in Kinney Run.

Photographed 12 April 2018.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1779, Euphorbia myrsinites in Kinney Run.

Photographed 12 April 2018.

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Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia myrsinites

Photographed 4 May 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2555sm.jpg

Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia schizoloba

Coll. No. 84, Euphorbia schizoloba

Scanned 7 December 2012.

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        images/TAS000840Oview.jpg

Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia spathulata

Coll. No. 1388, Euphorbia spathulata

Scanned 29 November 2016.

Coll. No. 1388, 1 June 2016, characters observed: Annual, tap-rooted, to 25 cm., glabrous throughout; Leaves, cauline alternate, 26 mm. × 9 mm. wide, spatulate, toothed; Inflorescence, umbellate, flower a cyathium; Capsules, 2.5 mm. × 2.8 mm. wide, warty-tuberculate.

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        images/TAS013880.jpg

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1388, Euphorbia spathulata

Microphotograph 29 November 2016.

Coll. No. 1388, 1 June 2016, characters observed: Annual, tap-rooted, to 25 cm., glabrous throughout; Leaves, cauline alternate, 26 mm. × 9 mm. wide, spatulate, toothed; Inflorescence, umbellate, flower a cyathium; Capsules, 2.5 mm. × 2.8 mm. wide, warty-tuberculate.

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        images/TAS013870Cy.jpg

Fagaceae Chrysolepis sempervirens

Coll. No. 697, Chrysolepis sempervirens

Scanned 13 Nov 2011.

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        images/TAS006970Oview.jpg

Fagaceae Quercus

Coll. No. 743, Quercus

Scanned 7 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 742, 7 Jan 2012, characters observed: Leaves elliptic, margins wavy, toothed, reddish on top, grayish on bottom, sunken veins on top, stellate hairs top and bottom.

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        images/TAS007430Det.jpg

Coll. No. 743, Quercus

Scanned 7 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 742, 7 Jan 2012, characters observed: Leaves elliptic, margins wavy, toothed, reddish on top, grayish on bottom, sunken veins on top, stellate hairs top and bottom.

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        images/TAS007430Oview.jpg

Fagaceae Quercus agrifolia agrifolia

Coll. No. 914, Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia

Scanned 19 December 2012. Note hair tufts in axil of veins.

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        images/TAS009140Det.jpg

Coll. No. 914, Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia

Photographed 19 December 2012.

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        images/IMG30900sm.jpg

Coast Live Oak with acacia and blackberries.

Photographed 17 July 2013.

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Coll. No. 1037, Quercus agrifolia

Photographed 14 January 2015.

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        images/IMG40779sm.jpg

Leaves and Acorns of Coll. No. 999, Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia

Photographed 17 July 2013.

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        images/IMG_1548sm.jpg

Three Coast Live Oaks among acacias, blackberries, and Pampas grass

Photographed 17 July 2013.

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Habit of Coll. No. 999, Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia

Photographed 17 July 2013.

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        images/IMG_1546sm.jpg

Coll. No. 914, Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia

Scanned 19 December 2012.

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        images/TAS009140Oview.jpg

Fagaceae Quercus chrysolepis

Canyon Live Oak (Quercus chrysolepis Liebm.) 1 year after the Hackberry Complex Fire.

Photograph taken 7-Jun-06.

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        images/IMGP2403sm.jpg

Canyon Live Oak (Quercus chrysolepis Liebm.) resprouting after the Hackberry Complex Fire.

Photograph taken 7-Jun-06.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Effects of the Hackberry Complex Fire in Mojave National Preserve, June 22-25, 2005.: 330350.
  • Field Notes: 20060607220.

        images/IMGP2404sm.jpg

Canyon Live Oak on north face of Wild Horse Mesa.

Photographed May 1993. Scanned 17 March 2018.

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        images/9353-11-332.jpg

Fagaceae Quercus turbinella

Coll. No. 740, Quercus turbinella

Scanned 7 Jan 2012.

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        images/TAS007400Oview.jpg

Flamingo

Added this flamingo to my life list at the Mono Lake Picnic.

Photograph taken 19 June 2011.

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        images/IMG11956sm.jpg

Fouquieriaceae Fouquieria splendens

Ocotillo in the Pinto Basin

Photograph taken April 22, 2008.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Pinto Basin Road, Joshua Tree National Park, Riverside County, California: 55000.
  • Field Notes: 22-Apr-08.

        images/IMG10598sm.jpg

Ocotillo in the Pinto Basin

Photograph taken April 22, 2008.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Pinto Basin Road, Joshua Tree National Park, Riverside County, California: 55000.
  • Field Notes: 22-Apr-08.

        images/IMG10599sm.jpg

Fumariaceae Corydalis aurea

Habitat of Coll. No. 1318, Corydalis aurea

Photographed 22 April 2016.

Pretty small plants, mostly in and around the rocks.

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        images/IMGQ2395sm.jpg

Corydalis aurea along the North Table Loop.

Photographed 12 April 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2339sm.jpg

Habitat of Corydalis aurea at base of rocks to right of daypack.

Photographed 12 April 2016.

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Coll. No. 1318, Corydalis aurea

Scanned 22 July 2016.

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        images/TAS013180Oview.jpg

Fungi

Unknown fungi on telephone road in Cedar Canyon.

Found near the west end of Pinto Mountain.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Cedar Canyon Road - Mojave National Preserve: 18000.

        images/3201-33.jpg

Garryaceae Garrya wrightii

Coll. No. 738, Garrya wrightii

Scanned 5 Jan 2012.

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        images/TAS007380Oview.jpg

Gentianaceae Frasera paniculata

Frasera paniculata growing on the road berm.

Photograph taken June 8, 2008.

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        images/IMG00931sm.jpg

Frasera paniculata growing on the road berm.

Photograph taken June 8, 2008.

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        images/IMG00930sm.jpg

Frasera paniculata growing on the road berm.

Photograph taken June 8, 2008.

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        images/IMG00932sm.jpg

Gentianaceae Frasera puberulenta

Coll. No. 695, Frasera puberulenta

Scanned 13 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 695, 13 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying; Plant short-lived perennial, chlorophyll, without milky sap, dying after flowering, caulescent; Leaves, simple, opposite, linear, sessile, lower clasping, narrow white margin, puberulent, 10 mm wide; Inflorescence open, distal in small cyme; Corolla regular, rotate, lobed to near base, base of sinus between corolla lobes unappendaged; Petals 4, fused at base, 1 prominent nectary pit; Stamens 4, alternate with corolla lobes; Anthers opening longitudinally; Ovary superior, chamber 1; Style 1; Stigma 2-cleft.

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        images/TAS006950Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 695, Frasera puberulenta

Scanned 13 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 695, 13 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying; Plant short-lived perennial, chlorophyll, without milky sap, dying after flowering, caulescent; Leaves, simple, opposite, linear, sessile, lower clasping, narrow white margin, puberulent, 10 mm wide; Inflorescence open, distal in small cyme; Corolla regular, rotate, lobed to near base, base of sinus between corolla lobes unappendaged; Petals 4, fused at base, 1 prominent nectary pit; Stamens 4, alternate with corolla lobes; Anthers opening longitudinally; Ovary superior, chamber 1; Style 1; Stigma 2-cleft.

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        images/TAS006950Det.jpg

Habit of Frasera puberulenta in the Mono Craters

Photograph taken 1 August 2010.

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        images/IMGP0722sm.jpg

Flower of Frasera puberulenta in the Mono Craters

Photograph taken 1 August 2010.

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        images/IMGP0728sm.jpg

Frasera puberulenta in the Punch Bowl.

Photographed 19 June 2012.

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        images/IMG30276sm.jpg

Gentianaceae Frasera speciosa

Frasera speciosa at Soda Springs, Tuolumne Meadows.

Photograph taken 31 July 2010.

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        images/IMG01155sm.jpg

Frasera speciosa along Laramie River Road.

Photographed 19 June 2018.

The striking character of the specimen is the long pedicels of the flowers.

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        images/IMG50326sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1122, Frasera speciosa

Scanned 26 September 2015.

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        images/TAS011220Fls.jpg

Seed of Frasera speciosa

Microphotograph made 8 August 2016. Marks across top of image are 1 millimeter.

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        images/246Fraspe_seed_20160808sm.jpg

Frasera speciosa beginning to bloom.

Photographed 14 April 2016 at Ranson Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.

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Habitat of Frasera speciosa in Mt Falcon Park.

Photographed 1 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ0720sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1840, Frasera speciosa

Photographed 17 May 2018.

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        images/IMG50202sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1122, Frasera speciosa

Photographed 28 May 2015.

When I made the collection, I did not collect the whole plant. Instead I carefully snipped off two leaves, and four open flowers.

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        images/IMGQ0632sm.jpg

Long peduncles and pedicels on Frasera speciosa/

Photographed 19 June 2018.

The striking character of the specimen is the long pedicels of the flowers.

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        images/IMG50328sm.jpg

Gentianaceae Gentiana affinis

Gentiana affinis in white.

Photographed 9 September 2015.

There were many other G. affinis here, all blue.

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        images/IMGQ1634sm.jpg

Gentianaceae Gentiana calycosa

Gentiana calycosa at Silver Lake.

Image of Gentiana calycosa Copyright 2003 Christopher L. Christie.

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        images/MLF_V1_246Gencal.jpg

Gentianaceae Gentiana newberryi

Habitat of Gentiana newberryi as seen at the edge of Lower Gaylor Lake.

Photograph taken 24 August 2010.

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        images/IMGP0833sm.jpg

Gentiana newberryi as seen at the edge of Lower Gaylor Lake.

Photograph taken 24 August 2010.

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        images/IMGP0840sm.jpg

Gentianaceae Gentiana parryi

Coll. No. 323, Gentiana parryi

Scanned 1 January 2013.

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        images/TAS003230Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 323, Gentiana parryi

Scanned 1 January 2013.

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        images/TAS003230Det.jpg

Gentianaceae Gentianopsis holopetala

Coll. No. 785, Gentianopsis holopetala

Scanned 5 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 785, 5 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual herb; Stems 2-4, to 2 cm, branched; Peduncle to 12 cm; Calyx appressed to floral tube; Corolla funnel shaped, to 35 mm, blue, lobes ±= tube, entire, base of sinus between lobes unappendaged.

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        images/TAS007850Infl.jpg

Typical appearance of Gentianopsis holopetala, the Sierra Fringed Gentian.

Photograph taken 24 August 2010.

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        images/IMGP0826sm.jpg

Habit of Gentianopsis holopetala between Lower and Upper Gaylor Lakes.

Photograph taken 24 August 2010.

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        images/IMGP0828sm.jpg

Coll. No. 529, Gentianopsis holopetala

Photograph taken August 3, 2007.

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        images/IMG_1965sm.jpg

Collection No. 530, Gentianopsis holopetala

Scanned 20 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005300oview.jpg

Collection No. 529, Gentianopsis holopetala

Scanned 20 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005290det.jpg

Collection No. 529, Gentianopsis holopetala

Scanned 20 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005290oview.jpg

Coll. No. 785, Gentianopsis holopetala

Scanned 5 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 785, 5 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual herb; Stems 2-4, to 2 cm, branched; Peduncle to 12 cm; Calyx appressed to floral tube; Corolla funnel shaped, to 35 mm, blue, lobes ±= tube, entire, base of sinus between lobes unappendaged.

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        images/TAS007850Oview.jpg

Gentianaceae Gentianopsis simplex

Coll. No. 712, Gentianopsis simplex

Scanned 18 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 712, 18 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual photosynthetic herb, to 8 cm; Stems simple, to 4 cm; Internode 11 mm (compare to peduncle); Leaves cauline, opposite, sessile, simple, elliptic, 12 mm; Peduncle 19 mm (> internode); Infloresence not coiled, single-flowered; Perianth in 2 whorls (sepals and petals present); Flowers single, bisexual; Sepals 4; Corolla 2 cm, distinct tube, not bell shaped; Petals 4, connate (congenitally fused at least at base), 17 mm, blue sinuses between petals not appendaged, lobes serrate; Stamens 4, alternate, filaments fused at base, free upper half; Ovary 1, superior; Pistil 1; Stigma 2-cleft.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Inyo National Forest Road 01S04A, Mono County, California: 10300.
  • Field Notes: Col. #712.

        images/TAS007120Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 712, Gentianopsis simplex

Scanned 18 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 712, 18 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual photosynthetic herb, to 8 cm; Stems simple, to 4 cm; Internode 11 mm (compare to peduncle); Leaves cauline, opposite, sessile, simple, elliptic, 12 mm; Peduncle 19 mm (> internode); Infloresence not coiled, single-flowered; Perianth in 2 whorls (sepals and petals present); Flowers single, bisexual; Sepals 4; Corolla 2 cm, distinct tube, not bell shaped; Petals 4, connate (congenitally fused at least at base), 17 mm, blue sinuses between petals not appendaged, lobes serrate; Stamens 4, alternate, filaments fused at base, free upper half; Ovary 1, superior; Pistil 1; Stigma 2-cleft.

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        images/TAS007120Det.jpg

Collection of Gentianopsis simplex

Photograph taken 2 September 2010.

        images/IMG_1400sm.jpg

Collection No. 728, Gentianopsis simplex in Crooked Meadows.

Photograph taken 2 September 2010.

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Habitat of Gentianopsis simplex in Crooked Meadows

Photograph taken 2 September 2010.

The habitat is in the more green ans shorter grass stripe in the center of the photo.

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        images/IMG_1394sm.jpg

Gentianaceae Swertia perennis

Swertia perennis at Guanella Pass

Photograph taken 8 Aug 2011.

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        images/IMG_2331sm.jpg

Geraniaceae Erodium cicutarium

Coll. No. 349, Erodium cicutarium

Scanned 7 December 2012.

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        images/TAS003490Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1790, Erodium cicutarium

Scanned 5 July 2018.

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        images/TAS017900Oview.jpg

Geraniaceae Geranium caespitosum

Flower of Coll. No. 1149, Geranium caespitosum

Scanned 23 October 2015.

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        images/TAS011490Fl.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1149, Geranium caespitosum

Photographed 15 June 2015.

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Coll. No. 1149, Geranium caespitosum

Scanned 23 October 2015.

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        images/TAS011490Oview.jpg

Geraniaceae Geranium richardsonii

Coll. No. 1014, Geranium richardsonii

Photographed 22 February 2015.

Coll. No. 1014, 22 July 2013, characters observed while keyed: Perennial, herbaceous, green & photosynthetic, to 60 cm.; Leaves, simple, palmately lobed, into 5-7 lobes, largest 44–57 mm. × 87–96 mm. wide, petioles 17–19 mm.; Inflorescence (cymules!) 2-flowered; Pedicels, 9–15 mm., hairs topped with purple glands (per Taylor, 2010); Flowers, open, radial, bisexual, in 5×n parts; Perianth, 2 whorls; Petals, 5, free, hairy ≤½ adaxial surface, 15 mm. × 7 mm. wide, white; tips rounded; Nectaries, not wooly or lanate (per TJM2 & Aedo, 2012), but few small straight hairs, without tuft of hairs on top; Stamens, 10, 2×petals; Ovary superior; Pistil 1; Stigmas, (in fruit) 3–4 mm.; Mericarp with basal callus.

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        images/IMGQ0196sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1014, Geranium richardsonii

Photographed 22 February 2015.

Coll. No. 1014, 22 July 2013, characters observed while keyed: Perennial, herbaceous, green & photosynthetic, to 60 cm.; Leaves, simple, palmately lobed, into 5-7 lobes, largest 44–57 mm. × 87–96 mm. wide, petioles 17–19 mm.; Inflorescence (cymules!) 2-flowered; Pedicels, 9–15 mm., hairs topped with purple glands (per Taylor, 2010); Flowers, open, radial, bisexual, in 5×n parts; Perianth, 2 whorls; Petals, 5, free, hairy ≤½ adaxial surface, 15 mm. × 7 mm. wide, white; tips rounded; Nectaries, not wooly or lanate (per TJM2 & Aedo, 2012), but few small straight hairs, without tuft of hairs on top; Stamens, 10, 2×petals; Ovary superior; Pistil 1; Stigmas, (in fruit) 3–4 mm.; Mericarp with basal callus.

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        images/IMG40885sm.jpg

Glossulariaceae Ribes inerme inerme

Coll. No. 870, Ribes inerme var. inerme

Scanned 8 Mar 2013.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS008700Oview.jpg

Grossulariaceae Ribes aureum

Ribes aureum in winter.

Photographed 10 February 2017. This is the same plant from which my Coll. No. 1319 was made.

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Coll. No. 1834, Ribes aureum.

Scanned 1 November 2018.

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Twigs of Ribes aureum in winter.

Photographed 10 February 2017. This is the same plant from which my Coll. No. 1319 was made.

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        images/IMGQ3541sm.jpg

Grossulariaceae Ribes aureum

Photographed 4 May 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2543sm.jpg

Grossulariaceae Ribes aureum

Photographed 4 May 2016.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1834, Ribes aureum.

Photographed 17 May 2018.

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Grossulariaceae Ribes cereum

Coll. No. 1092, Ribes cereum

Photographed 30 April 2015.

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        images/IMGQ0364sm.jpg

Grossulariaceae Ribes cereum cereum

Ribes cereum var. cereum, Collection No. 593

Photograph taken 16 June 2010. Location of Collection No. 593 is just north of Sagehen Meadow.

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        images/IMGP0132sm.jpg

Habitat of Ribes cereum var. cereum near Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 16 June 2010. Location of Collection No. 593 is just north of Sagehen Meadow.

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        images/IMG10857sm.jpg

Ribes cereum var. cereum, Collection No. 592

Photograph taken 15 June 2010 at the eastern edge of Sagehen Meadow.

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Ribes cereum var. cereum, Collection No. 592

Photograph taken 15 June 2010 at the eastern edge of Sagehen Meadow.

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        images/IMGP9124sm.jpg

Coll. No. 950, Ribes cereum var. cereum

Scanned 30 Jan 2014.

Coll. No. 950, 21 May 2013, characters observed: Woody perennial shrub, to 1.5 m., not tendril bearing; Nodal spines 0; Leaf, simple, 10 mm., ovate, palmately 5-lobed; Bract, tip truncate, 3-4 prominent teeth; Flowers, open, bisexual; Perianth, parts 5; Hypanthium, 4 mm. × 2 mm. wide, clearly exceeding the ovary; Sepals, 1 mm., pink, reflexed; Petals, 5, 0.5 mm., white; Stamens, 5, alternate petals, inserted below level of petals; Anther, tip with cup-like depression; Ovary inferior; Pistil, 1 per flower; Style, appears to be 1 (2 fused to tip), glabrous (generally hairy); Ovules, many per chamber.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Inyo National Forest Road 01S04A, Mono County, California: 11400.
  • Field Notes: Coll. No. 950.

        images/TAS009500Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 745, Ribes cereum var. cereum

Scanned 7 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 745, 7 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Perennial, woody, erect shrub; Nodal spines 0; Bract tip truncate; Sepals white-greem, 6 mm; Hypanthium tube-shaped, clearly exceeding the ovary, > 2 X longer than wide; Style glabrous (expected to be hairy); and Anther tip rounded with a cup-like depression.

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        images/TAS007450Oview.jpg

Grossulariaceae Ribes inerme inerme

Coll. No. 949, Ribes inerme var. inerme

Scanned 31 Jan 2014.

Coll. No. 949, 21 May 2013, characters observed: Woody perennial shrub, to 1.5 m.; Nodal spines present, internodal bristles present; Leaves, petiole 12 mm. + blade 12 mm. × 17 mm. wide, ovate, palmately lobed; Inflorescence ±2-flowered; Calyx, green; Pedicel, 3 mm., not jointed at ovary; Hypanthium, cup-shaped, 2.5 mm. × 3 mm. diameter; Sepals, 5, 2.5-3.0 mm., reflexed, green, margins purple- tinged; Petals, 5, 1.5 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, wedge- shaped, white; Anthers, slightly longer than wide, exceeding petals; Filaments exceeding petals by 1 mm.; Styles, fused proximal ⅔, hairy middle ⅓, separated distal ⅓, exceeding anthers. (TJM2 key requires styles hairy at least at base, description is silent about style hairs.)

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Inyo National Forest Road 01S04A, Mono County, California: 11400.
  • Field Notes: Coll. No. 949.

        images/TAS009490Det.jpg

Coll. No. 949, Ribes inerme var. inerme

Scanned 31 Jan 2014.

Coll. No. 949, 21 May 2013, characters observed: Woody perennial shrub, to 1.5 m.; Nodal spines present, internodal bristles present; Leaves, petiole 12 mm. + blade 12 mm. × 17 mm. wide, ovate, palmately lobed; Inflorescence ±2-flowered; Calyx, green; Pedicel, 3 mm., not jointed at ovary; Hypanthium, cup-shaped, 2.5 mm. × 3 mm. diameter; Sepals, 5, 2.5-3.0 mm., reflexed, green, margins purple- tinged; Petals, 5, 1.5 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, wedge- shaped, white; Anthers, slightly longer than wide, exceeding petals; Filaments exceeding petals by 1 mm.; Styles, fused proximal ⅔, hairy middle ⅓, separated distal ⅓, exceeding anthers. (TJM2 key requires styles hairy at least at base, description is silent about style hairs.)

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Inyo National Forest Road 01S04A, Mono County, California: 11400.
  • Field Notes: Coll. No. 949.

        images/TAS009490Oview.jpg

Style hairs of Coll. No. 949, Ribes inerme var. inerme

Scanned 31 Jan 2014.

The TJM2 key to Ribes, at item 25, requires the styles to be hairy at least at base. The description of Ribes inerme is silent about style hair. Following item 25' style glabrous at base, will lead to confusion at items 32 and 32', i.e., Ribes lobbii or R. sericeum.

Coll. No. 949, 21 May 2013, characters observed: Woody perennial shrub, to 1.5 m.; Nodal spines present, internodal bristles present; Leaves, petiole 12 mm. + blade 12 mm. × 17 mm. wide, ovate, palmately lobed; Inflorescence ±2-flowered; Calyx, green; Pedicel, 3 mm., not jointed at ovary; Hypanthium, cup-shaped, 2.5 mm. × 3 mm. diameter; Sepals, 5, 2.5-3.0 mm., reflexed, green, margins purple- tinged; Petals, 5, 1.5 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, wedge- shaped, white; Anthers, slightly longer than wide, exceeding petals; Filaments exceeding petals by 1 mm.; Styles, fused proximal ⅔, hairy middle ⅓, separated distal ⅓, exceeding anthers.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Inyo National Forest Road 01S04A, Mono County, California: 11400.
  • Field Notes: Coll. No. 949.

        images/TAS009490Style.jpg

Grossulariaceae Ribes speciosum

Fuschia Flowering Goosebeery in my backyard.

        images/118RibspeAlameda.jpg

Grossulariaceae Ribes velutinum

Photograph of Ribes velutinum along the Mid Hills ridge.

Photograph taken in May, 1998.

        images/ribvel.jpg

Coll. No. 413, Ribes velutinum

Scanned 11 November 2012.

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        images/TAS004130Oview.jpg

Hydrangeaceae Jamesia americana

Jamesia americana “Five-Petal Cliffbush” on the flanks of Little Scraggy Peak.

Photographed 31 May 2018.

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Hydrophyllaceae Eriodictyon angustofolium

Yerba santa in Caruthers Canyon.

My Collection No. 256

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        images/0072_3301_0700_30.jpg

Hydrophyllaceae Nama sp.

Purple Mat (Nama sp.) in Macedonia Canyon.

Photograph taken April 24, 2001, in the main wash of Macedonia Canyon just below the narrows.

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        images/0022_3291_2725_21.jpg

Hypericaceae Hypericum perforatum

Coll. No. 1229, Hypericum perforatum

Scanned 15 December 2015.

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Coll. No. 1228, Hypericum perforatum

Photographed 20 July 2015.

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Hypericaceae Hypericum scouleri

Coll. No. 1011, Hypericum scouleri

Photographed 22 July 2013.

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        images/IMG_20130722_1324sm.jpg

Iridaceae Iris missouriensis

Coll. No. 478, Iris missourensis

The grid spacing is 1/4 inch.

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        images/TAS004780oview.jpg

Habitat of Iris missouriensis in Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010.

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Iris missouriensis in Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010.

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        images/IMGP0300sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1370, Iris missouriensis

Photographed 29 May 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2632sm.jpg

Iridaceae Sisyrinchium bellum

Blue-Eyed Grass in my garden.

Photograph taken March 24, 2001.

        images/dscn0178.jpg

Blue-Eyed Grass Sisyrinchium bellum

Growing in my garden.

        images/sisbel.jpg

Iridaceae Sisyrinchium idahoense occidentale

Coll. No. 784, Sisyrinchium idahoense var. occidentale

Scanned 3 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 784, 3 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Rhizome compact; Stem unbranched, narrow (1 mm); Bracts Inner 12-14 mm, translucent margins ended at tip, Outer 16-19 mm; Perianth blue, outer parts 10-14 mm.

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        images/TAS007840Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 784, Sisyrinchium idahoense var. occidentale

Scanned 3 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 784, 3 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Rhizome compact; Stem unbranched, narrow (1 mm); Bracts Inner 12-14 mm, translucent margins ended at tip, Outer 16-19 mm; Perianth blue, outer parts 10-14 mm.

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        images/TAS007840Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 485, Sisyrinchium idahoense var. occidentale

The grid spacing is 1/4 inch.

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        images/TAS004850infl.jpg

Coll. No. 866, Sisyrinchium idahoense var. occidentale

Scanned 2 March 2013. Note the rhizome at bottom left.

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        images/TAS008660Oview.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus

Coll. No. 1274, Juncus

Photographed 30 July 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1445sm.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus arcticus balticus

Coll. No. 1269, Juncus arcticus var. balticus

Scanned 8 January 2015.

Coll. No. 1269, 29 Jul 2015, characters observed: Perennial, to 1 m.; Leaves, basal sheaths only; Inflorescence, appears lateral; Bract, appearing to be extension of stem, 14-18 cm., >stem; Flowers, many per stem, (obs. 20); Stamens, 5.

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        images/TAS012690Infl.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus balticus ater

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1165, Juncus balticus ssp. ater

Scanned 30 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1165, 24 Jun 2015, characters observed: Perennial grass-like herb, to 60 cm.; Rhizomes unknown; Stem, smooth, cylindric; Leaves, sheath, 5 cm., blades, 0; Inflorescence, appearing lateral, open, bract, cylindric, resembling continuation of stem; Perianth, 4.5 mm.; Stamens, 6; Stigmas, 3; Fruit, 2.5 mm., beak prominent.

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        images/TAS011650Infl.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus bufonius

Coll. No. 1203, Juncus bufonius

Scanned 3 December 2015.

Coll. No. 1203, 12 Jul 2015, characters observed: Annual, to 15 cm., of wet places; Leaves, basal and cauline, sheath 19-20 mm., not bristle-tipped, auricles 0, blade, 45 mm., rolled, not equitant (leaves of two ranks each folded in half); Inflorescence, >½ total height of plant, appears terminal, bract erect, ±=inflorescence, but does not appear be a continuation of stem, 12-15 heads per inflorescence; Perianth, 3-5-4.0 mm.; Capsule, 3 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, oblong; Seeds, 0.3 mm., brown, not tailed.

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        images/TAS012030Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1689.4, Juncus bufonius and Coll. No. 1689.6, Limosella aquatica.

Scanned 28 June 2017.

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        images/TAS016894Oview.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus bufonius bufonius

Coll. No. 83, Juncus bufonius var. bufonius

Scanned 9 June 2012. This is a common early weed in my garden.

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        images/TAS000830Oview.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus interior

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1527, Juncus interior

Scanned 16 January 2017.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower south slopes of North Table Mountain, above Peery Parkway, 250 m. south of the USBR monument “North Table,”1.25 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.767°N, 105.2201°W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1831 m. Small wetland where the North Table Mountain Trail crosses a watercourse below a near-perennial spring that is higher on the south slope of the mesa.

Coll. No. 1527, 5 August 2014, characters observed: Perennial graminoid, to 45 cm., Culm, 40 cm, round, 1 mm. dia.; Leaves, basal, outer, 7 mm., sheath-like, inner, sheath, 80 mm., open, ligule, 0.5 mm., membraneous, blade, 225 mm., rolled; Bracts, #2, 85 mm., 46 mm.; Pedicel, 3 mm., bract, 2 mm.; Flowers, #17, closely subtended by a pair of scarious bracteoles; Tepals, 3.2 mm. lanceolate, tip acuminate, green center, then light brown strips, then scarious margin; Capsule, 3.5 mm., rounded at summit, placenta extends nearly to tip; Seeds, 0.5 mm., oblong, not tailed, annular grooves;

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        images/TAS015270Infl.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus macrandrus

Coll. No. 1017, Juncus macrandrus

Scanned 5 January 2015.

Determination tentative, fruit insufficient.

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Coll. No. 1017, Juncus macrandrus

Scanned 5 January 2015.

Determination tentative, fruit insufficient.

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        images/TAS010170Hd.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus macrandus

Collection No. 497, Juncus macrandus

Scanned 13 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Coll. No. 497, 12 Apr 2012, characters observed: Perennial, to 65 cm., terrestrial plant of wet places; Stems >1; Leaves basal and cauline, ligule 0, iris-like, flat, oriented with edge toward stem; Infloresence spikes in head-like clusters, > 5, appearing terminal, not flat, bracts flat; Spikelets spirally arranged (not clearly 2-ranked); Spikelet has one bristle, two bractlets, four sepals; Perianth bristles 3.5mm Bracts 3-4 mm, not distinctly outcurved; Stamens 6, filaments 0.8 mm. + anthers 1.8 mm. = 2.6 mm.; Anthers > filaments; Fruit 2 mm x 1 mm wide, 3-sided, abruptly narrowed to beak, < perianth; Style 1 mm.; Seeds 5-8(+?).

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        images/TAS004970oview.jpg

Coll. No. 497, Juncus macrandus beside Bohler Creek

Photograph taken August 2, 2007 beside Bohler Creek.

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        images/IMGP2717sm.jpg

Coll. No. 845, Juncus macrandus

Scanned 18 Jun 2013.

Coll. No. 845, 21 Jun 2013, characters observed while keying: Herbaceous perennial, aquatic but not submersed; Leaves, true leaves, not scale- or needle-like, sheath open, veination parallel, multiple veins, blade flattened, iris-like, oriented edge toward stem, glabrous; Inflorescence 4-14 clusters of flowers; Bract exceeding only lowest flower cluster, not cylindric; Clusters <= 10 mm.; Flowers present, bisexual; Perianth in 2 whorls of 3, sepals and petals, very similar, all brown; Anther 1.2 mm., > filament; Ovary superior; Pistil 1; Style 1, 1.0 mm.; Stigmas 3; Fruit [ gradually | abruptly ] tapered toward beak.

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        images/TAS008450Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 845, Juncus macrandus

Scanned 18 Jun 2013.

Coll. No. 845, 21 Jun 2013, characters observed while keying: Herbaceous perennial, aquatic but not submersed; Leaves, true leaves, not scale- or needle-like, sheath open, veination parallel, multiple veins, blade flattened, iris-like, oriented edge toward stem, glabrous; Inflorescence 4-14 clusters of flowers; Bract exceeding only lowest flower cluster, not cylindric; Clusters <= 10 mm.; Flowers present, bisexual; Perianth in 2 whorls of 3, sepals and petals, very similar, all brown; Anther 1.2 mm., > filament; Ovary superior; Pistil 1; Style 1, 1.0 mm.; Stigmas 3; Fruit [ gradually | abruptly ] tapered toward beak.

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        images/TAS008450Fls.jpg

Iris-like leaves of Coll. No. 1173, Juncus macrandus

Scanned 3 November 2015.

Coll. No. 1173, 25 Jun 2015, characters observed: Grass-like perennial herb, to 30 cm.; Rhizomes present; Leaf, blade, flat, iris-like, oriented with edge toward stem; Inflorescence, appearing terminal, bract, not resembling continuation of stem; Anthers, 2 mm., >> filaments; Pistil, style 2 mm. + stigma 2.2 mm. = 4.2 mm; Fruit, abruptly tapered to beak.

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        images/TAS011730Leaf.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus mexicanus

Coll. No. 515, Juncus mexicanus

Scanned 17 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Coll. No. 515, 2 Aug 2007, characters observed: Perennial, from long robust creeping rhizomes, terrestrial plant of wet places, to 50 cm.; Stem and leaves not differentiated, upper stem twisted; Inflorescence, bract, 7 cm., cylindric; Perianth appearing to be a single whorl, scale-like, 5 mm.; Flowers, bisexual; Stamens 6, some sometimes smaller or abortive(?); Pistil 1; Stigmas 3; Fruit, capsule, 3-angled; Seeds, 40-50.

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        images/TAS005150oview.jpg

Juncaceae Juncus orthophyllus

Coll. No. 652, Juncus orthophyllus

Scanned 11 Oct 2011.

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        images/TAS006520Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 652, Juncus orthophyllus

Scanned 11 Oct 2011.

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        images/TAS006520Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 680, Juncus orthophyllus

Scanned 5 Nov 2011.

Perennial > 10 dm; Stem with pith; Leaf mostly basal, blade flat, flexible, flat side oriented toward stem, sheaths open and not appendaged; Flowers in head-like clusters, 5-6 per cluster; Perianth 4-5 mm; parts <= 1.5 mm wide; Anthers basifixed; Ovary not unilocular, ovules and seeds obviously many more than locules; Stigmas 3.

In TJM1 and Taylor (2010) the few number of flowers per cluster would lead one to J. covilleii, which has been collected once in Slate Creek Valley (J. Clausen, 1839, Sep 14 1940, UC1154006). In TJM2, size of perianth and fruit would separate them. TJDM does not include J. covilleii.

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        images/TAS006800Oview.jpg

Krameriaceae Krameria erecta

Krameria erecta near Lobo Point.

The Krameria erecta is the gray-green bush with purple flowers in the center of the photograph. The boulders are Wild Horse Mesa Tuff, a welded tuff, with desert varnish and bright yellow-green lichens. Also visible in the photograph are Ephedra nevadensis, Pinus monophylla, and Yucca baccata. This photograph is of my collection No. 177.

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        images/3526-81.jpg

Krameria erecta

        images/kraere.jpg

Close-up of Krameria erecta flower.

Photograph of my collection No. 177 taken in May 1999, at Lobo Point, San Bernardino County, California.

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        images/3526-83.jpg

Lamiaceae Clerodendrum splendens

Coll. No. 1049, Clerodendrum splendens

Scanned 12 December 2013.

Coll. No. 1049, 30 Nov 2013, characters observed: Perennial shrub, to 2 mm, climbing but not a vine; Leaves opposite, 10-12 cm., cordate, entire; Calyx, lobes 5, 14 mm., lanceolate, fused ⅓; Flowers bisexual; Corolla, lobes 5, tube 22 mm. + lobes 7 mm., deep red, bilateral,upper lobes reflexed; Stamens 4, all fertile, arising in pairs, exserted, curled up when flower is young, curled down when flower is mature; Anthers, 2 mm., versatile; Ovary superior; Pistil 1, 47 mm., exserted, rising as flower matures; Stigma forked, 2 lobes.

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        images/IMG_0142sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1049, Clerodendrum splendens

Scanned 12 December 2013.

Coll. No. 1049, 30 Nov 2013, characters observed: Perennial shrub, to 2 mm, climbing but not a vine; Leaves opposite, 10-12 cm., cordate, entire; Calyx, lobes 5, 14 mm., lanceolate, fused ⅓; Flowers bisexual; Corolla, lobes 5, tube 22 mm. + lobes 7 mm., deep red, bilateral,upper lobes reflexed; Stamens 4, all fertile, arising in pairs, exserted, curled up when flower is young, curled down when flower is mature; Anthers, 2 mm., versatile; Ovary superior; Pistil 1, 47 mm., exserted, rising as flower matures; Stigma forked, 2 lobes.

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        images/TAS010490Infl.jpg

Lamiaceae Hedeoma nana californica

Coll. No. 455, Hedeoma nana ssp. californica, from the Mesquite Mountains

Scanned 21-Jan-06. Also saw this plant at Aztec Tank, Clark County, Nevada.

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        images/TAS004550.jpg

Coll. No. 455, Hedeoma nana ssp. californica near top of Mesquite Mountains.

Photograph taken 21 April 2005. This is the same species as I saw at Aztec Tank.

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        images/IMGP1100sm.jpg

Coll. No. 455, Hedeoma nana ssp. californica

Scanned 16 Sep 2013.

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        images/TAS004550Det.jpg

Coll. No. 455, Hedeoma nana ssp. californica

Scanned 17 Sep 2013.

Coll. No. 455, 21 April 2013, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb, woody at base, to 13 cm., (subshrub); Stem 4-angled, recurved short hairy throughout; Leaves opposite, petiole 1 mm. + blade 4.5 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, ovate, short hairy, margin entire, abaxially glandular; Inflorescence axillary; Bract, 1 mm., hairy (not spiny); Pedicels 2 mm.; Calyx 4.5 mm., tubular, 3 lobes > other 2, in fruit, lobes variously curved but not converging, throat ±open; Corolla, 2-lipped, 7 mm.; (Style, should be unequally 2-lobed, but unable to see); Stamens 2, staminodes 0; Anthers, fertile sacs 2.

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        images/TAS004550Fl.jpg

Lamiaceae Hyptis emoryi

Desert Lavender in Pinto Basin.

Photograph taken April 22, 2008.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Pinto Basin Road, Joshua Tree National Park, Riverside County, California: 50000.
  • Field Notes: 22-Apr-08.

        images/IMG10602sm.jpg

Lamiaceae Lamium amplexicaule

Coll. No. 1776, Lamium amplexicaule

Scanned 3 July 2018.

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Lamiaceae Lycopus americanus

Coll. No. 1287, Lycopus americanus

Photographed 17 January 2016.

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        images/IMGQ1904sm.jpg

Lamiaceae Mentha arvensis

Coll. No. 718, Mentha arvensis

Scanned 20 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 718, 20 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb; Stem erect; Internodes visible; Leaves ±equal in size upward; Infloresence axillary clusters distributed along stem; Calyx 5-lobed, radially symmetrical, lobes and tips equally hairy; Flowers radial, 3 mm; Stamens exserted, fertile 4; Style exserted.

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        images/TAS007180Oview.jpg

Lamiaceae Mentha canadensis

Coll. No. 1032.1, Mentha canadensis

Photographed 14 February 2015.

Coll. No. 1032.1, 24 Jul 2013, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb, to 30 cm., spreading by rhizomes; Stem, erect, 4-angles, hairy; Leaves, opposite, ±equal in size, ovate, 37 mm. × 15 mm. wide, margins serrate, surfaces nearly hairless; Petiole 4.5 mm.; Inflorescence axillary, bract margin hairy; Calyx, lobes 5, short hairy outside; Corolla 5 mm.; Stamens 4, exserted.

Some characters, such as ovate and near-glabrous leaves, suggest M. arvensis, whereas a short-hairy calyx and 5 mm. corolla suggest M. canadensis.

While the TJM2 description says, “bracts minute or 0,” the bracts shown here are 3 mm.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/IMGQ0139sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1032.1, Mentha canadensis

Scanned 14 February 2015.

Coll. No. 1032.1, 24 Jul 2013, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb, to 30 cm., spreading by rhizomes; Stem, erect, 4-angles, hairy; Leaves, opposite, ±equal in size, ovate, 37 mm. × 15 mm. wide, margins serrate, surfaces nearly hairless; Petiole 4.5 mm.; Inflorescence axillary, bract margin hairy; Calyx, lobes 5, short hairy outside; Corolla 5 mm.; Stamens 4, exserted.

Some characters, such as ovate and near-glabrous leaves, suggest M. arvensis, whereas a short-hairy calyx and 5 mm. corolla suggest M. canadensis.

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        images/TAS010321Oview.jpg

Lamiaceae Monarda fistulosa

Coll. No. 1245, Monarda fistulosa growing in a patch of poison ivy.

Photographed 24 July 2015.

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        images/20150724_103907sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1697, Monarda fistulosa

Scanned 28 December 2017.

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        images/TAS016970Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 1201, Monarda fistulosa

Photographed 12 July 2015.

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Coll. No. 1697, Monarda fistulosa

Scanned 28 December 2017.

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Lamiaceae Monarda pectinata

Habitat of Coll. No. 1236, Monarda pectinata

Photographed 20 July 2015.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/IMGQ1297sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1236, Monarda pectinata

Scanned 17 December 2015.

Coll. No. 1236, 20 Jul 2015, characters observed: Annual, to 25 cm., erect; Stem, hairs retrorse; Leaves, cauline, opposite, petiole 7 mm. + blade 35 mm. × 8 mm. wide, ovate-lanceolate, pinnate veined, margin serrate, gland-dotted; Inflorescence, axillary clusters; Corolla, 14 mm., upper lip prominent, color cream.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS012360Oview.jpg

Lamiaceae Monardella odoratissima glauca

Coll. No. 436, Monardella odoratissima ssp. glauca

Scanned 12 Sep 2013.

Coll. No. 436, 31 July 2013, characters observed while keying: Annual/perennial unknown, but assumed to be a herbaceous perennial or subshrub, to 50 cm.; Stem, hairs short, sparse; Leaves, opposite, ovate, 35 mm. × 18 wide mid-cauline, abaxial veins short- hairy, margins serrate and short-hairy; Calyx, radial, sepals fused 5 mm + lobes 3 mm = 8 mm., tips acute; Stamens 2, staminodes 2; Anthers, sacs fertile 2, attached to filament side by side.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Lamiaceae Prunella vulgaris

Terminal Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1294, Prunella vulgaris

Scanned 20 January 2016.

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        images/TAS012940Spike.jpg

Coll. No. 1294, Prunella vulgaris

Scanned 20 January 2016.

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        images/IMGQ1907sm.jpg

“Axillary” Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1294, Prunella vulgaris

Scanned 20 January 2016.

The inflorescence is actually considered to be terminal.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS012940Axil.jpg

Lamiaceae Salazaria mexicana

Collection No. 359, Salazaria mexicana, Mexican Bladder Sage

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS003590infl.jpg

Collection No. 359, Salazaria mexicana, Mexican Bladder Sage

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS003590oview.jpg

Salazaria mexicana flower.

Photograph of S. mexicana flower taken in lower Wild Horse Canyon in May, 1996.

        images/salmex.jpg

Mexican Bladder Sage (Salazaria mexicana) resprouting from the roots.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005 near Lobo Point, Mojave National Preserve.

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        images/IMGP1940sm.jpg

Mexican Bladder Sage Salazaria mexicana

Photographed 28 May 2012.

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        images/IMG30182sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1585, Salazaria mexicana

Scanned 4 November 2017.

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        images/TAS015850Oview.jpg

Lamiaceae Salvia columbariae

Label on UC25696

This collection of Salvia columbariae may have been made by William M. Maule. However, whoever wrote the label badly misspelled his name.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • William M. Maule: n.d..

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Lamiaceae Salvia dorrii

Wasp nest(?) made of grains of sand.

Photographed May 1993. Scanned 17 March 2018.

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        Images/9351-19-400.jpg

Wasp nest(?) made of grains of sand.

Photographed May 1993. Scanned 17 March 2018.

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        images/9351-20-400.jpg

Salvia dorrii flowers.

Photographed May 1993. Scanned 17 March 2018.

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        images/9351-21-400.jpg

Lamiaceae Salvia lanceolata

Lamarck's (1791) description of Salvia lanceolata Lam.

(Source: http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/6086#page/91/mode/1up, retrieved 2 October 2016.)

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Bentham's (1833) description of Salvia lanceolata

94. S. lanceolata (Willd. Enum. Hort. Berol. 1. 37), caule herbaceo adscendente ramoso glabro, foliis petiolatis lanceolato-linearibus obtusiusculis vel acuminatis basi angustatus pubescentibus, junioribus incanis, floralibus lanceolato-subulatis calyce brevioribus, racemis simlicibus, verticillastris subifloris omnibus remotis, calycibus tubulosis striatus glabris, labio superiore integro dentibusque labii inferioris lanceolatis acutis, corollis calycem breviter superante, tubo incluso ventricoso, labio superiore recto, inferiore longiore lobis rotundatis, connectivis postice deflexis lineari-dilatatis longitudinaliter connatis, stylo breviter bifariam barbato.

S. reflexa. Horn. Enum. Hort. Hafn. 1. 34.
S. lanceaefolia. Poir. Dict. Suppl. 5. 49.
S. lanceolata. Jacq. Fil. Ecl. 1. 13. t. 13.
S. aspidophylla. Roem. et Schult. Syst. Mant. 1. 206.
S. trichostemmoides. Pursh! Fl. Am. Sept. 1. 19.
Hab. in America septentrionali: in Mexico Mocino et Sesse! in convalli Guanaxuatense Novae Hispaniae Humboldt et Bonpland, ad Missouri flumen Lewis et Clark! (h. s. c. et v. s. sp.)
Caules circiter pedales, glabri vel ad extremitatem ramorum tenuiter canopubescentes, ramis saepe racemos excedentibus. Folia 1½-2-pollicaria, saepius oblongolinearia, nunc apice longe angustata, medio obscure et obtuse serrata, basi saepius longe angustata, in var. ß angustiora et glabriora. Verticillastri fere pollicem remoti, biflori vel rarius 2-4 flori. Calyces breviter pedicellati, striati, fructiferi valde aucti, basi inflati. Corolla coerulea, (cum calyce) vix 4-linearis.

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Lamiaceae Salvia mohavensis

Collection No. 87, Salvia mohavensis

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        images/TAS000870oview.jpg

Mohave Sage (Salvia mohavensis) near Lobo Point

On an outcrop of rhyolite.

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Collection No. 87, Salvia mohavensis

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        images/TAS000870det.jpg

Salvia mohavensis at Lobo Point.

It is relatively rare to find Salvia mohavensis in bloom. May 1993, when this photograph was taken, is the only time I've seen the species in bloom at Lobo Point.

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        images/9352-30.jpg

Salvia mohavensis

Photograph taken in May, 1999, on the ridge between the Silver Buddy Mine and Macedonia Canyon.

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Mohave Sage (Salvia mohavensis) near Lobo Point

On an outcrop of rhyolite.

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Lamiaceae Salvia nivea

Bentham's (1833) description of Salvia nivea

25. S. nivea (Thunb. Prodr. Fl. Cap. 96).
S. lanceolata. Lam. Ill. 1. 72. sec. Vahl.
Hab. ad Caput Bonæ Spei Thunberg.
“S. foliis lanceolatis integerrimis albo-tomentosis, ramis divaricatis.” — Thunb. l. c.
“Caulis erectus, 3-pedalis. Rami et ramuli decussati, tetragoni, sulcati, inferne glabri, superne tomentosi. Folia opposita, petiolata, acuta, parum rugosa, convoluta, nivea, patula, internodiis breviora, pollicaria. Flores oppositi vel subpaniculati in apicibus ramulorum. Calyces hirti. Corollæ purpureæ, calyce duplo longiores. Similis S. aureæ et chamæeleagneæ, sed distinguitur facile foliis lanceolatis niveis.” — Thunb. Fl. Cap. MSS. ex Rœm. et Schult. Syst. Mant. 1.

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Lamiaceae Salvia reflexa

Pursh's (1814) description of Salvia trichostemmoides.

3. S. foliis lanceolatis serratis, floribus in racemis terminalibus oppositis, corollis calyce trifido subæquantibus, caule brachiato-ramosissimo. trichostem-
moides
In open plains of the Missouri river. M. Lewis. ☉. v. s. in Herb. Lewis. Flowers small, sky-blue.
Caulis erectus ramosissimus: ramuli tetragoni 4-sulcati. Folia opposita, brevi-petiolata. Flores oppositi, in racemis foliosis. Bracteæ vel folia floralia lineares, longitudine pedicellorum. Cal. tubuloso-campanulatus, striatus, hispidus. Lab. superius subrotundum, integrum: inferius 2-fidum: laciniis oblongis, acutis. Corollæ labium superius subrotundum, concavum: inferius 3-lobum, laciniis lateralibus brevissimis: intermedia major, dilatata, undulatim-crenata. Stylus corollæ duplo longior. Sem. 3-gona, glabra, venosa. Habitus Trichostemmæ dichotomæ.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Names in Salvia reflexa and S. lanceolata.: Pursh, 1814.

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Reveal, Moulton & Schuyler (1999) on Salvia reflexa.

173. Salvia reflexa Hornem.

Salvia reflexa Hornem., Enum. Pl. Hort. Hafn., rev. ed.: 34. 1807.
Salvia trichostemmoides Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept.: 19. Dec (sero) 1813. - LECTOTYPE: PH-LC 199 (Moulton 156b), designated here! DUPLICATE OF THE LECTOTYPE: PH-LC 198 (Moulton 156a).
Pursh provides a full description of his new species. Meehan (1898: 39) lists only PH-LC 198, apparently unaware of PH-LC 199 from Lambert. He refers the specimen to Salvia lanceolata Willd. (Enum. Pl.: 37. 1809), a later name for S. reflexa. The Lewis type was collected at the Big Bend of the Missouri River in Lyman Co., South Dakota, on 21 Sep 1804 (Moulton, 1987a: 96-99). Epling (in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 60: 103. 1939) did not differentiate among the syntypes when he indicated the type was at PH.

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Schultes (1822) description of Salvia aspidophylla.

n. 108b. S. aspidophylla; foliis longe lanceolatis, angustis, laxe serratis, subglabris, spicâ laxâ; verticillis subfloris; ramis subhirsutis. S. lanceaefolia Poiret Enc. meth. Suppl. V. p. 49. n. 151. S. lanceolata Desfont. Cat. H. paris. 68.
Nomen mutandum erat ob S. lanceolatum Willd. antiquiorem, et fatendum ingenue, nos, nisi Poiret l. c. n. 143 adduxisset S. lanceolatum Willd. s. reflexam Hornem., hanc suam lanceolatam pro eadem omnio habuisse speciem. Descriptio sequens: Caules herbacei, ramis numerosissimis flaccidis patentibus cinereis subscabris basi effusis in ambitum; folia mollia, petiolata, albo-virida, obtusa, 3 poll., 6 lin. lata, attenuata, basi acuta, laevia, vix nervosa; spicae gracillimae; verticilli distantes; bracteae minimae, petiolatae, ovate, acuminatae; calyces glabri, tubulosi, labiis 2 brevibus, obtusis; corolla vix calyce longior. An Peruvia patria?. ☉

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        images/254Salasp_Schultes1822.jpg

Rydberg's (1906) use of the name Salvia lanceolata

2. Salvia lanceolata Willd. On prairies, plains and hillsides from S. D. and Mont. to Tex. and Ariz.; also in Mex. — Alt. 4000–8500 ft. — Colorado Springs; hills about Box Cañon west of Ouray; Cucharas Valley, near La Veta; foot-hills west of Ft. Collins; Ft. Collins; Boulder.

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        images/254Sallan_Rydberg1906.jpg

Rydberg's (1922) use of the name Salvia lanceolata

2. S. lanceolata Willd. Perennial; stem puberulent, erect, branched, 1-4 dm. high; leaf-blades oblong-lanceolate to oblong or linear, 2-8 cm. long, puberulent; upper lip abruptly pointed; corolla purplish; upper lip minutely puberulent. Prairies, plains, and hillsides: S.D. — Tex. — N.M. — Mont.; Mex. Plain — Submont. My – S.

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        images/254Sallan_Rydberg1922.jpg

Willdenow's description of Salvia lanceolata

* 18. SALVIA lanceolata.
S. foliis lanceolatis obtusis remote serratis subtus pubescentibus petiolatis, spica racemosa alari, verticillis bifloris, bracteis lanceolatis pedunculum subaequantibus.
Salvia lanceolata Broussonet.
S. (reflexa) incana, foliis lanceolatis obtusis crenatis, recemis elongatis ex dichotomia ramonum. Hornem. Enum pl. hort. Haf. 34.
Habitat . . . . . . . . ☉. D.
Caulis pedalis et altior erectus ramosus tatragonus pubescens. Folia pollicaria et ultra, angusto-linearia obtusa, basi in petiolum angustata, remote obtuse werrata, supra glabra, subtus pubescentia. Spica racemosa quadri-vel quinquepollicaris alaris, id est e dichotomia caulis orta. Flores oppositi pedunculati, ita ut verticilli tantum biflori remotissimi. Pedunculi calyce parum breviores. Bracteae angusto-lanceolatae longitudine pedunculi vel parum longiores. Calyces campanulati bilabiati, labium superius ovatum acutum, inferius bifidum. Corolla praecedentis, sed labium superius emarginatum. Accedit habitu ad praecedentem, sed characteribus indicatis abunde diversa.

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        images/254Salvia_lanceolata_Willd.jpg

Lamiaceae Salvia uliginosa

Bentham's (1833) description of Salvia uliginosa

101. S. uliginosa (Benth. in Mus. Reg. Berol. MSS.), caule herbaceo erecto glabro vel villoso, foliis periolatis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis serratis basi angustatis glabris vel pubescentibus, floralibus membranaceis lato-ovatis acuminatis deciduis, racemis densis longe pedunculatis subramosis, verticillastris multifloris, calycibus campanulatis, labio superior subintegro dentibusque labii inferioris acuminatis, corollis calyce duplo longioribus, tubo subincluso ventricoso, labio superior extus pubescente recto, inferiore duplo longiore lobis rotundatis, connectivis postice deflexis lato-linearibus longitudunaliter connatis, stylo supra supra breviter barbato.
ß rufescens, caule foliorumque pagina inferiore rufo-pubescente,
Hab. in Brasilia: ad rivulos San Jose, Toropassa, &c. provinciae Rio Grande et in ulignosis prope Estancia do Salto Missionum Uruguaiensium A. de St. Hillaire! in uliginosis Brasilias meridionalis Sello! ad Buenos Ayres Parker! ß in sylvia caeguis ad viam a Minas ad Rio de Janiero A. de St. Hillaire! (h. s. sp. e Mus. Reg. Berol. et v. s. sp. in herb. St. Hil. et Parker, ß in herb. St. Hil.)
Caules 2-6-pedales, virgati, ramosi, obtuse tetragoni, sulcati, glandulosi, glabriusculi vel pilis articulatis villosi. Petiole breves. Folia 2-4-pollicaria, forma variabilia, nunc vix 3-4 lin. lata basi longe angustata, nunc fere pollicem lata basi cineata vel rarius rotundata, saepius profunde serrata, viridia, membranacea, subtus nervosa, glaberrima vel utrinque pubescentia, subtus uti calyces glandulis nigris crebris punctata, floralia membranacea, flavescentia, longe acuminata, ante anthesin saepius comosa, rarius fere abortiva, per anthesin decidua. Racemi 1-4 spicaeformes, pedunculati, a foliis caulinis longe distantes. Calyces subsessiles, glabri vel cano-pubescentes, striati vel laeves, incani, colorati vel virides, dentibus lato-ovatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, superiore integro 1-3-mucronato, inferiore plus minusve cuspidato, Corolla coerulea vel alba, magnitudine corollae S. polystachydis. Connectiva sub insertione calloso-dentata. Stylus subexsertus, lobis subulatis, superiore duplo longiore.
Species more plantarum uliginosarum valde variabilis, sed vix dividenda.

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        images/254Saluli_Bentham1833.jpg

Lamiaceae Scutellaria brittonii

Coll. No. 1631, Scutellaria brittonii

Scanned 4 December 2017.

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        images/TAS016310Oview.jpg

Scutellaria, probably S. brittonii

Photographed 28 May 2015.

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        images/IMGQ0608sm.jpg

Location of Coll. No. 1631, Scutellaria brittonii

Photographed 25 May 2017.

Just a little bit of blue color on the broken slope on the side of a borrow pit. , maybe 20 plants here.

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        images/IMGQ3960sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1352, Scutellaria brittonii

Scanned 19 November 2016.

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        images/TAS013520Oview.jpg

Lauraceae Umbellularia californica

California Bay tree in my backyard.

Photograph taken March 24, 2001. This tree forms the western corner of the garden, eventhough it is rooted in my neighbor's yard. On hot summer afternoons, it shades the backyard, and year-around it provides a place to live for many birds.

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Liliaceae Allium

Native Onion at Aspen Campground, California

Photograph taken June 12, 2008.

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        images/IMG01077sm.jpg

Liliaceae Calochortus

Calochortus in Swallow Canyon, Nevada

Photograph taken June 10, 2008.

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        images/IMG00987sm.jpg

Calochortus seen on the rim of the Long Valley caldera

Photograph taken 15 Jul 2010.

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Calochortus beside Cowtrack Mountain Road

Photograph taken 25-Jun-07.

Technically this plant is outside the Mono Basin, in the Adobe Valley.

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        images/IMG_1766sm.jpg

Liliaceae Calochortus bruneaunis

Collection No. 777, Calochortus bruneaunis

Photograph taken 22 June 2011.

This photograph shows how the nectary appears depressed on the back side of the petal.

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        images/IMGP1022sm.jpg

Bruneau Mariposa Lily (Calochortus bruneaunis) as seen north of Sagehen Meadow

Photograph taken 16 July 2010.

Determination tentative.

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        images/IMGP0531-2sm.jpg

Collection No. 777, Calochortus bruneaunis

Photograph taken 22 June 2011.

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Coll. No. 777, Calochortus bruneaunis

Scanned 23 Jan 2012.

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        images/TAS007770Det.jpg

Coll. No. 777, Calochortus bruneaunis

Scanned 23 Jan 2012.

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        images/TAS007770Oview.jpg

Calochortus bruneaunis growing in sagebrush above Tioga Lodge.

Photographed 18 June 2012.

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        images/IMG30237-9sm.jpg

Liliaceae Calochortus excavatus

Inyo Star-Tulip (Calochortus excavatus)

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        images/IMGP0185sm.jpg

Inyo Star-Tulip (Calochortus excavatus)

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        images/IMGP0181sm.jpg

Liliaceae Calochortus flexuosus

Calochortus flexuosus in the Mesquite Mountains

Photograph taken April 23, 2004.

On the south side of the road, climbing up to some dip-slope limestone outcrops, I saw 4-5 Calochortus flexuosus.

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        images/IMGP0432sm.jpg

Calochortus flexuosus growing in Blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima)

Calochortus flexuosus growing in Blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima) along Excelsior Mine Road.

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        images/calfle.jpg

Calochortus flexuosus at House Rock

Photographed 19 April 2017.

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        images/IMGQ3821sm.jpg

Liliaceae Calochortus gunnisonii

Calochortus gunnisonii with semi-circular segments cut from petals.

Photographed 6 July 2016.

A leaf-cutter bee was observed nearby cutting similar shaped segments from the petals of Argemone polyanthemos.

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        images/IMGQ2907sm.jpg

Calochortus gunnisonii on South Table Mountain.

Photographed 19 June 2014.

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Liliaceae Calochortus kennedyi

Calochortus kennedyi on north face of Wild Horse Mesa

Photograph taken May 29, 2008.

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        images/IMG_0669sm.jpg

Calochortus kennedyi on the north face of Wild Horse Mesa.

Photograph taken May 22, 2004.

There were many in bloom on the north face of Wild Horse Mesa.

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        images/IMGP0456sm.jpg

Collection No. 308, Calochortus kennedyi

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Collection No. 308, Calochortus kennedyi

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Liliaceae Calochortus kennedyi kennedyi

Coll. No. 318, Calochortus kennedyi var. kennedyi

Scanned 10 June 2012, about 8 years after collection.

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Liliaceae Calochortus leichtlinii

Habitat of Calochortus leichtlinii in Bridgeport Canyon.

Photograph taken 20 June 2010.

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        images/IMG_0896sm.jpg

Liliaceae Calochortus longebarbatus

Calochortus longibarbatus

Growing in my garden in Alameda, California.

        images/3221A-1.jpg

Calochortus longebarbatus

Growing in my garden.

        images/3182-12.jpg

Liliaceae Calochortus luteus

Calochortus luteus in my garden.

        images/3526-64.jpg

Calochortus luteus

Growing in my garden in Alameda.

        images/3526-37.jpg

Liliaceae Calochortus superbus

Calochortus superbus

Growing in my garden in Alameda.

        images/3526-34.jpg

Liliaceae Calochortus tolmiei

Hairy Star Tulip (Calochortus tolmiei) and Blue-Eyed Grass at Point Reyes

Photograph taken 15 April 2012.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Chimney Rock Road, Marin County, California: at trl hd.

        images/IMG30091sm.jpg

Liliaceae Camassia quamash

Camas lily in my backyard

Photograph taken April 1, 2001. I took several with my digital camera, and none of them turned out very well.

        images/dscn0185.jpg

Liliaceae Lilium pardalinum

Leopard Lily (Lilium pardalinum) in my garden.

        images/2907-14.jpg

Liliaceae Muscari botryoides

Coll. No. 1786, Muscari botryoides

Scanned 4 July 2018.

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Coll. No. 1310, Muscari botryoides

Scanned 19 July 2016.

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Liliaceae Nolina

Beargrass (Nolina) along Old Highway 66

Photograph taken May 29, 2008.

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Linaceae Linum perenne

Coll. No. 1383, Linum perenne

Photographed 1 June 2016.

Definitely Linum, maybe L. perenne because the styles are consistently longer than the stamens, which, in Weber & Wittmann (2012), would put us in L. perenne rather than L. lewisii. The key in Ackerfield (2015) does not discriminate between the two taxa based upon characters that can be observed with this collection.

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        images/IMGQ2657sm.jpg

Linaceae Linum puberulum

Hairy Flax at Pinto Mountain

        images/3201-74.jpg

Hairy Flax at Pinto Mountain

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Linnaceae Linum lewisii

Coll. No. 823, Linum lewisii

Photographed 26 January 2013.

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        images/IMG31005sm.jpg

Loasaceae Eucnide urens

"Rock Nettle" (Eucnide urens) in the Cave Mountain (Baxter) Limestone Quarry

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        images/1440-10.jpg

Loasaceae Mentzelia albicaulis

Coll. No. 933, Mentzelia albicaulis

Photographed 4 March 2015.

Coll. No. 933, 20 May 2013, characters observed while keying: Annual, young, 13 cm.; Leaves, 60 mm. × 6 mm. wide, deeply lobed; Floral bracts, entire, green throughout; Sepals, 2.2 mm. × 1.2 mm., bases separate; Petals, 5 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, obovate; Stamens, 3 mm.; Style, 3 mm.; Fruit, 7 mm. × 2 mm., obconic, curved slightly. Determined M. albicaulis mostly because the floral bracts are entire and green throughout.

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Coll. No. 958, Mentzelia albicaulis

Scanned on 5 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 958, 22 May 2013, characters observed: Annual, to 20 cm.; Floral bracts 3-lobed, not conspicuous, not concealing fruits; Corolla, with orange base and yellow tip; Style, 2.8 mm.; Fruit, mature 16-17 mm., barely curved; Seeds, in more than 1 row above mid-fruit.

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        images/TAS009580Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 933, Mentzelia albicaulis

Photographed 4 March 2015.

Flower partially dissected to expose the style (3 mm.) and the filaments (not lobed).

Coll. No. 933, 20 May 2013, characters observed while keying: Annual, young, 13 cm.; Leaves, 60 mm. × 6 mm. wide, deeply lobed; Floral bracts, entire, green throughout; Sepals, 2.2 mm. × 1.2 mm., bases separate; Petals, 5 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, obovate; Stamens, 3 mm.; Style, 3 mm.; Fruit, 7 mm. × 2 mm., obconic, curved slightly. Determined M. albicaulis mostly because the floral bracts are entire and green throughout.

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Coll. No. 958, Mentzelia albicaulis

Scanned on 5 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 958, 22 May 2013, characters observed: Annual, to 20 cm.; Floral bracts 3-lobed, not conspicuous, not concealing fruits; Corolla, with orange base and yellow tip; Style, 2.8 mm.; Fruit, mature 16-17 mm., barely curved; Seeds, in more than 1 row above mid-fruit.

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        images/TAS009580Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 933, Mentzelia albicaulis

Photographed 4 March 2015.

Coll. No. 933, 20 May 2013, characters observed while keying: Annual, young, 13 cm.; Leaves, 60 mm. × 6 mm. wide, deeply lobed; Floral bracts, entire, green throughout; Sepals, 2.2 mm. × 1.2 mm., bases separate; Petals, 5 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, obovate; Stamens, 3 mm.; Style, 3 mm.; Fruit, 7 mm. × 2 mm., obconic, curved slightly. Determined M. albicaulis mostly because the floral bracts are entire and green throughout.

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Coll. No. 427, Mentzelia albicaulis

Scanned 13 January 2013.

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        images/TAS004270Oview.jpg

Loasaceae Mentzelia congesta

Coll. No. 467, Mentzelia congesta

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Coll. No. 467, Mentzelia congesta

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Coll. No. 467, Mentzelia congesta

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Coll. No. 467, Mentzelia congesta

Scanned 1 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 467, 1 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Floral bracts conspicuous, though not completely concealing the fruit as per the key, white to above the middle with green margin, toothed; Seeds in more than one row above the middle, rounded.

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        images/TAS0046703Indv.jpg

Coll. No. 467, Mentzelia congesta

Scanned 1 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 467, 1 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Floral bracts conspicuous, though not completely concealing the fruit as per the key, white to above the middle with green margin, toothed; Seeds in more than one row above the middle, rounded.

        images/TAS004670Bract.jpg

Coll. No. 832, Mentzelia congesta

Scanned 16 February 2013.

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Loasaceae Mentzelia laevicaulis

Collection No. 527, Mentzelia laevicaulis

Scanned 20 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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Mentzelia laevicaulis at the Old Marina

Photograph taken August 3, 2007.

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Loasaceae Mentzelia monoensis

Coll. No. 987, Mentzelia monoensis

Photographed 25 February 2015.

Coll. No. 987, 20 June 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 40 cm., branched near base; Stem, white-tan, with few barbed hairs; Leaves, cauline, alternate, simple, lanceolate, 30–40 mm. × 11 mm. wide, pinnately lobed, barbed hairs abaxially, less dense adaxially; Floral bracts, 5 mm., not concealing fruit, entire, base white, margin green, barbed hairy; Perianth, 2 or more whorls, 5×n parts; Flowers, open; Petals, free, 4 mm. × 3 mm. wide, obovate, yellow distally, darker proximally; Stamens, many, inserted on hypanthium (not petals); Ovary inferior; Pistil 1; Style, 1, 2.5 mm.; Fruit, 9 mm. × 2 mm., cylindric; Seeds, > 1 row above mid-fruit, coat cells domed (not pointed).

In the TJM2 key to Mentzelia, this collection gets lost at 33-33' because the bracts are entire, but the white base is conspicuous, while the fruit is small. In the key supplied in Brokaw & Hufford (2011), this collection keys fairly easily into 8' M. monoensis.

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Coll. No. 987, Mentzelia monoensis

Photographed 25 February 2015.

Coll. No. 987, 20 June 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 40 cm., branched near base; Stem, white-tan, with few barbed hairs; Leaves, cauline, alternate, simple, lanceolate, 30–40 mm. × 11 mm. wide, pinnately lobed, barbed hairs abaxially, less dense adaxially; Floral bracts, 5 mm., not concealing fruit, entire, base white, margin green, barbed hairy; Perianth, 2 or more whorls, 5×n parts; Flowers, open; Petals, free, 4 mm. × 3 mm. wide, obovate, yellow distally, darker proximally; Stamens, many, inserted on hypanthium (not petals); Ovary inferior; Pistil 1; Style, 1, 2.5 mm.; Fruit, 9 mm. × 2 mm., cylindric; Seeds, > 1 row above mid-fruit, coat cells domed (not pointed).

In the TJM2 key to Mentzelia, this collection gets lost at 33-33' because the bracts are entire, but the white base is conspicuous, while the fruit is small. In the key supplied in Brokaw & Hufford (2011), this collection keys fairly easily into 8' M. monoensis.

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Mentzelia monoensis

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  • A Checklist Flora of the Mono Lake Basin, Mono County, California and Mineral County, Nevada.: near Mono Mills.

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Loasaceae Mentzelia montana

Collection No. 749, Mentzelia montana

Photograph taken 15 June 2011.

Coll. No. 749, 16 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual to 15 cm; Stem light-colored (dark when dry); Leaves to 10 cm, linear, pinnately lobed; Floral bracts 3 to 5-toothed, white base, green margin, not concealing fruit; Petals yellow, orange at base; Style 2 mm; Fruit 8 mm x 2-3 mm wide, not curved; Seeds in more than one row above the mid-fruit; Elevation 2100 m.

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Coll. No. 749, Mentzelia montana

Scanned 16 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 749, 16 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual to 15 cm; Stem light-colored (dark when dry); Leaves to 10 cm, linear, pinnately lobed; Floral bracts 3 to 5-toothed, white base, green margin, not concealing fruit; Petals yellow, orange at base; Style 2 mm; Fruit 8 mm x 2-3 mm wide, not curved; Seeds in more than one row above the mid-fruit; Elevation 2100 m.

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        images/TAS007490Oview.jpg

Loasaceae Mentzelia nuda

Bractless Blazing Star (Mentzelia nuda) with last year's fruit.

Photographed March 11, 2018.

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  • Social Trail (across Upper Washington Avenue Open Space), Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado: at top.
  • Field Notes: 20180311010.

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Loasaceae Mentzelia nuda (?)

Coll. No. 1059, Mentzelia

Photographed 28 August 2014.

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Loasaceae Mentzelia obscura

Coll. No. 588, Mentzelia obscura

Scanned 5 Oct 2011. Scale marks in millimeters. The ovary at right was dissected to reveal seeds in multiple rows in the upper portion of the ovary. Unfortunately, they all fell out when the specimen was placed on the scanner.

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Coll. No. 588, Mentzelia obscura

Scanned 5 Oct 2011. Scale in centimeters.

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        images/TAS005880Oview.jpg

Loasaceae Mentzelia torreyi

Torrey's Blazing-Star (Mentzelia torreyi) at South Tufa.

Photograph taken 14 July 2010.

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Collection No. 587, Mentzelia torreyi

Grid is 10 x 10 to the inch, scanned 11 April 2010.

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Collection No. 587, Mentzelia torreyi

Photograph taken July 8, 2009.

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Collection No. 587, Mentzelia torreyi

Grid is 10 x 10 to the inch, scanned 11 April 2010.

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Coll. No. 1162, Mentzelia torreyi

Scanned 30 October 2015.

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Malvaceae Sidalcea asperella

Coll. No. 432 Sidalcea asperella

Scanned 9 December 2012.

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Malvaceae Sidalcea oregana spicata

Coll. No. 437, Sidalcea oregana ssp. spicata

Scanned 10 December 2012.

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Coll. No. 1015, Sidalcea oregana ssp. spicata

Photographed 22 February 2015.

Coll. No. 1015, 22 July 2013, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb, to 65 cm.; Leaves, mostly on lower stem, appearing rosette-like; Inflorescence, dense, not interrupted; Flowers, many in near-terminal spike, to 15 mm. wide; Petals, 5, 15 mm. × 5 mm., notched, pink-purple; Anthers, near top of filament tube, in 2 concentric series; Stigmas, 6, linear; Fruit, not available.

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Malvaceae Sphaeralcea ambigua

Coll. No. 1578, Sphaeralcea ambigua

Photographed 4 October 2017.

Coll. No. 1578, 18 April 2017, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 50 cm.; Hairs, stellate; Bractlets, #2-3; Calyx, 10 mm., fused at base; Flower, 17 mm. × 28 mm wide, showy, orange, fading pink; Anthers, near top of filament tube, not organized in concentric series, i.e., not Sidalcea Stigmas, head-like; Fruit, separate segments; Seeds, seeds per segment unknown. Fruit needed to key to genus from family, not available in this collection.

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Coll. No. 424, Sphaeralcea ambigua

Scanned 8 December 2012.

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Malvaceae Sphaeralcea coccinea

Sphaeralcea on the lowest slopes of North Table Mountain.

Photographed 24 May 2018.

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Coll. No. 1423, Sphaeralcea coccinea

Scanned 10 December 2016.

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Malvaceae Sphaeralcea munroana

Coll. No. 300, Sphaeralcea munroana

Scanned 9 December 2012.

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Melanthiaceae Toxicoscordian fremontii

Coll. No. 203, Death Camas (Toxicoscordian fremontii) along Coalinga Road.

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Melanthiaceae Toxicoscordion fremontii

Coll. No. 203, Toxicoscordion fremontii

Scanned 23 May 2015.

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Melanthiaceae Toxicoscordion venenosum

Coll. No. 789, Toxicoscordion venosum

Scanned 14 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 789, 14 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Leaves linear; Infloresence fruit branches 45° from main axis; Fruit 2 cm; Seeds 9 mm, not winged (eliminates Veratrum), brown (eliminates Camassia).

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        images/TAS007890Det.jpg

Melanthiaceae Zigadenus paniculatus

Grassy habitat of Coll. No. 1627, Zigadenus paniculatus

Photographed 22 May 2017.

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Melanthiaceae Zigadenus venenosus venenosus

Coll. No. 789, Zigadenus venenosus S. Watson var. venenosus.

Scanned 14 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 789, 14 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Leaves linear; Infloresence fruit branches 45° from main axis; Fruit 2 cm; Seeds 9 mm, not winged (eliminates Veratrum), brown (eliminates Camassia).

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        images/TAS007890Oview.jpg

Montiaceae Calyptridium

One-seeded Pussypaws (Calyptridium monospermum) at East Craters Sand Flat

Photograph taken July 7, 2009.

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Little plant in the pumice sand flats

Photograph taken August 13, 2008.

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Montiaceae Calyptridium roseum

Coll. No. 927, Calyptridium roseum

Scanned on 24 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 927, 20 May 2013, characters observed: Annual, spreading, to 2.5 cm.; Leaves, cauline, alternate; Inflorescence, not 1-sided; Pedicel, ≤ 1 mm., slender? or stout? (wider than thread-like); Sepals, 2.5 mm. × 1.5-3.0 mm. wide Petals, #2, 1.5 mm., found at top of ovary when plant in fruit; Stamens, #1, yellow; Stigma, sessile; Fruit, 2-valved, dehiscing from top; Seed, #many (>10), 0.4 mm., margin papillate.

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Montiaceae Claytonia lanceolata

Bract(s) at base of inflorescence of Coll. No. 1307, Claytonia rosea

Scanned 16 July 2016.

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Montiaceae Claytonia rosea

Coll. No. 1076, Claytonia rosea

Scanned 11 June 2015.

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Coll. No. 1307, Claytonia rosea

Scanned 16 July 2016.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1312, Claytonia rosea above the North Table Loop.

Photographed 12 April 2016.

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Montiaceae Lewisia rediviva

Coll. No. 959, Lewisia rediviva

Photographed 22 May 2013.

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Montiaceae Phemeranthus parviflorus

Small plant seen on top of North Table Mountain

Photographed 1 Sep 2016.

It turns out (June 10, 2017) that this little plant is Phemeranthus parviflorus

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Phemeranthus parviflorus on top of North Table Mountain.

Photographed 10 June 2017.

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Coll. No. 1689.1, Phemeranthus parviflorus

Scanned 28 June 2017.

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Myrsinaceae Lysimachia ciliata

Coll. No. 1723, Lysimachia ciliata

Photographed 3 January 2018.

Coll. No. 1723, 28 Jul 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Leaves, cauline, opposite, petiole, 12 mm., sparsely long ciliate, blade, 72 mm. × 26 mm. wide, lanceolate, glabrous, margin minutely ciliate; Inflorescence, axillary, flowers borne singly on long pedicels; Pedicel, 30 mm.; Sepals, #5, 4 mm.; Petals, #5, 7 mm. × 6 mm. wide, free ≥½length, yellow; Stamens, #5, alternate; Filaments, 2 mm., attached near base; Anthers, 2 mm.; Ovary, superior; Style, #1, 3 mm., lengthening to 4 mm. at maturity; Fruit, 3 mm. × 3 mm. dia., globose, bluish.

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        images/IMGQ4521sm.jpg

Nyctaginaceae Abronia fragrans

A portion of the Marcus E. Jones collection of Abronia fragrans

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Nyctaginaceae Abronia turbinata

Habitat of Abronia turbinata near Mono Craters.

Photograph taken 15 June 2011.

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Collection No. 462

Specimen Collected 25-Jun-07.

Big Sand Flat, Mono County, California. Collected at the base of the slope on the northwest side of Big Sand Flat, the opposite side of the flat from California Highway 120, about 13 1/2 miles east of US Highway 395. 37.8745°N, 118.9019°E. UTM: 11S 4193402N 332827E. Also collected at this site: Hulsea vestita, Lupinus duranii, Calyptridium umbellatum, and Mimulus nanus var. mephiticus.

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This little bug was trying to get inside the Abronia turbinata flowers.

Photograph taken 25-Jun-07.

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Verbena flowers opening

Photograph taken 25-Jun-07 in an open sandy area on the edge of Big Sand Flat.

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        images/IMGP2687sm.jpg

Collection No. 462

Specimen Collected 25-Jun-07.

Big Sand Flat, Mono County, California. Collected at the base of the slope on the northwest side of Big Sand Flat, the opposite side of the flat from California Highway 120, about 13 1/2 miles east of US Highway 395. 37.8745°N, 118.9019°E. UTM: 11S 4193402N 332827E. Also collected at this site: Hulsea vestita, Lupinus duranii, Calyptridium umbellatum, and Mimulus nanus var. mephiticus.

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A portion of the Chesnut and Drew collection of Abronia turbinata

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        images/ChD81Abrtursm.jpg

Coll. No. 462, Abronia turbinata

Scanned 27 Nov 2011.

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        images/TAS004620Oview.jpg

Unable to form link string for "images/IMGP0388sma.JPG" because of file extension. Habitat of Abronia turbinata near Sagehen Meadow Campground

Photograph taken 12 Jul 2010.

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Nyctaginaceae Allionia incarnata

Whole Scan of Collection No. 361, Allionia incarnata L.

Scanned at 300 dpi. Area shown is about 67.5 mm wide by 40 mm high.

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Detail of flower of Collection No. 361 Allionia incarnata L.

Scanned at 1200 dpi. Area shown is about 17 mm wide by 13 mm high.

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Nyctaginaceae Mirabilis bigelovii

Mirabilis bigelovii in my Salvia dorrii plot.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005.

There is one Mirabilis multiflora that I have been following for a few years. This plant survived, as it is a perennial growing every year from the roots. I noticed, though, that all of the M. multiflora in this area were very much chewed upon. This is unusual. I’m thinking that perhaps the rabbits, or other small mammals, must be very hungry and are forced to eat this plant, even though it may not be very palatable to them.

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Nyctaginaceae Mirabilis laevis villosa

Collection No. 363, Mirabilis laevis var. villosa

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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Collection No. 363, Mirabilis laevis var. villosa

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS003630infl.jpg

Nyctaginaceae Mirabilis linearis

Coll. No. 1273, Mirabilis linearis

Photographed 30 July 2015.

Coll. No. 1273, 30 Jul 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 1 m.; Stem, ascending through brush, glabrous below; Leaves, cauline, alternate, sessile, 90 mm. × 5 mm. wide, linear; Involucre, 15 mm., hairs with pale crosswalls; Flowers, 3 per involucre; Fruit, 4 mm. × 2.2 mm., obovate, ribs 4, hairy.

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Coll. No. 1525, Mirabilis linearis

Photographed 14 January 2017.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. South side of North Table Mountain, below Climbing Access Trail near the top of the slope; 260 m. southeast of the USBR monument designated “North Table,” 1.38 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7675°N, 105.217°W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1890 m. Widely scattered; collected with Andropogon gerardii.

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Nyctaginaceae Mirabilis multiflora

Caterpiller munches on Mirabilis multiflora

Photograph taken 1 June 2010.

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        images/IMG_0824sm.jpg

Collection No. 142, Mirabilis multiflora ssp. pubescens

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Mirabilis multiflora

        images/3102-30.jpg

Oleaceae Fraxinus anomala

Single-Leaf Ash (Fraxinus anomala) on the north face of Wild Horse Mesa.

Photograph taken May 29, 2005.

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        images/IMGP1315sm.jpg

Single-Leaf Ash (Fraxinus anomala Wats) resprouting from roots after Hackberry Complex Fire.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005.

This is the only Single-Leaf Ash I've found on the north face of Wild Horse Mesa.

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Close up of leaf of Fraxinus anomala.

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Single-Leaf Ash (Fraxinus anomala) on the north face of Wild Horse Mesa.

Photograph taken May 29, 2005.

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Single-Leaved Ash (Fraxinus anomala).

Overall view of Fraxinus anomala on the north slope of Wild Horse Mesa.

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Oleaceae Jasminum

Coll. No. 68, Jasminum

Scanned 1 January 2013.

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Oleaceae Menodora spinescens

Spiny Desert Olive (Menodora spinescens) in the Mesquite Mountains.

Photograph taken 20 April 2005, in the Mesquite Mountains, about 200 meters northeast of Winters Pass. This is my collection number 441.

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Collection No. 441 from the Mesquite Mountains.

Scanned 22-Jan-06.

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Spiny Desert Olive (Menodora spinescens) in bloom.

Photograph taken April 21, 2001 in the Mescal Range. This is one of the few times that I have found this species in bloom. My collection number 268.

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        images/0022_3291_4597_24.jpg

Spiny Menodora (Menodora spinescens) near Stump Spring

My Collection No. 235.

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  • Old Spanish Trail Road - Eastern Mojave Desert: 52000.

        images/1440-56.jpg

Onagraceae ?

Coll. No. 792.1

Scanned 29 Dec 2011.

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Onagraceae Calylophus lavandulifolius

Collection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005410bud.jpg

Collection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005410oview.jpg

Collection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005410pollen.jpg

Collection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005410fl.jpg

Collection No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005410lvs.jpg

Coll. No. 541, Calylophus lavandulifolius

Scanned 11 December 2012.

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        images/TAS005410Oview2.jpg

Onagraceae Camissonia

Sun Cup (Camissonia sp.) in the Mesquite Mountains.

Photograph taken 20 April 2005, in the Mesquite Mountains, about 800 meters northeast of Winters Pass. This may be the same species as my collection number 447, but I need to check.

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Onagraceae Camissonia boothii boothii

Collection No. 526, Camissonia boothii ssp. boothii

Scanned 20 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005260det.jpg

Collection No. 526, Camissonia boothii ssp. boothii

Scanned 20 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005260oview.jpg

Onagraceae Camissonia brevipes brevipes

Whole Collection No. 364, Camissonia brevipes ssp. brevipes

Scanned at 96 dpi. Area shown is 90 mm wide by 229 mm high.

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        images/TAS003640Whole.jpg

Scan of buds in Camissonia brevipes ssp. brevipes

Scanned at 1200 dpi. Area shown is 16 mm by 12 mm.

The concept illustrated by this image is "sepal tips in bud free and subterminal." The only other desert species of Camissonia that has sepal tips in bud free and subterminal is C. claviformis ssp. claviformis and ssp. peirsonii. However that species and subspecies tend to open at dusk, rather than mid-day.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS003640.jpg

Onagraceae Camissonia caespitosa marginata

Coll. No. 760, Camissonia caespitosa var. marginata

Scanned 18 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 760, 18 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Perennial, to 10 cm.; Buds erect (not nodding); Petals 4, 25 mm., white, fading to red-purple; Stamens 8; Stigma 4; Fruit 25 mm., stalk-like base absent, slightly s-shaped, weakly ovate (not appearing cylindric); Seed 2 mm., cavity margin entire.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS007600Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Camissonia parvula

Coll. No. 759, Camissonia parvula

Scanned 17 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 759, 18 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual rosette not present; Leaf linear, to 2 cm., margin wavy to lightly dentate; Infloresence nodding; Sepals 3 (3.5) mm., separating at anthesis, not joined at tip; Petals 4, yellow, 4 mm x 2 mm wide; Anthers extend to base of stigma (TJDM & TJM2 keys state anthers surround stigma, but I don't see them that high); Style 2 mm.; Stigma spheric,to 1.5 mm dia.; and Capsule sessile.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS007590Det.jpg

Coll. No. 759, Camissonia parvula

Scanned 17 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 759, 18 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual rosette not present; Leaf linear, to 2 cm., margin wavy to lightly dentate; Infloresence nodding; Sepals 3 (3.5) mm., separating at anthesis, not joined at tip; Petals 4, yellow, 4 mm x 2 mm wide; Anthers extend to base of stigma (TJDM & TJM2 keys state anthers surround stigma, but I don't see them that high); Style 2 mm.; Stigma spheric,to 1.5 mm dia.; and Capsule sessile.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS007590Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Camissonia pubens

Coll. No. 429, Camissonia pubens

Scanned 12 December 2012.

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        images/TAS004290Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Camissonia tanacetifolia

Coll. No. 561, Taraxia tanacetifolia

(Syn: Camissonia tanacetifolia (Torr. & A. Gray) P. H. Raven ssp. tanacetifolia)

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS005610oview.jpg

Coll. No. 561, Taraxia tanacetifolia

(Syn: Camissonia tanacetifolia (Torr. & A. Gray) P. H. Raven ssp. tanacetifolia)

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS005610det.jpg

Onagraceae Chylismia claviformis

Coll. No. 447, Chylismia claviformis

Scanned 11 December 2012.

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        images/TAS004470Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1584, Chylismia claviformis

Scanned 3 November 2017.

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        images/TAS015840Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Chylismia claviformis × brevipes

Coll. No. 447, Chylismia claviformis × brevipes, from the Mesquite Mountains

Scanned 22-Jan-06.

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        images/TAS004470det.jpg

Coll. No. 447, Chylismia claviformis × brevipes, from the Mesquite Mountains

Scanned 22-Jan-06.

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        images/TAS004470.jpg

Onagraceae Clarkia unguiculata

Coll. No. 131, Clarkia unguiculata

Scanned 13 December 2012.

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        images/TAS001310Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Epilobium

Coll. No. 841, Epilobium sp.

Scanned 19 February 2013. Probably Epilobium ciliatum, but no flowers or fruit.

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        images/TAS008410Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Epilobium brachycarpum

Coll. No. 1286.1, Epilobium brachycarpum

Scanned 16 January 2016.

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        images/TAS012861Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1040, Epilobium brachycarpum

Scanned 15 Sep 2013.

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        images/TAS010400Parts.jpg

Onagraceae Epilobium canum

Epilobium canun in my garden.

        images/DSCN0104.jpg

Onagraceae Epilobium ciliatum

Coll. No. 690.1, Epilobium ciliatum

Scanned 8 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 690.1, 8 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 1 dm, glabrous, not tap-rooted; Leaves basal 0, cauline opposite, to 3 cm, 1 cm wide, not reduced above; Ovary inferior; Hypanthium, ±1 mm. (measured from ovary tip? to sepal base); Sepals 4, 3 mm; Petals 4, white to rose; Stamens 2 × 4 = 8, unequal; Stigma entire.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS006901Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 690.1, Epilobium ciliatum

Photographed 15 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 690.1, 8 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 1 dm, glabrous, not tap-rooted; Leaves basal 0, cauline opposite, to 3 cm, 1 cm wide, not reduced above; Ovary inferior; Hypanthium, ±1 mm. (measured from ovary tip? to sepal base); Sepals 4, 3 mm; Petals 4, white to rose; Stamens 2 × 4 = 8, unequal; Stigma entire.

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        images/IMGQ1042sm.jpg

Coll. No. 690.1, Epilobium ciliatum

Scanned 8 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 690.1, 8 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 1 dm, glabrous, not tap-rooted; Leaves basal 0, cauline opposite, to 3 cm, 1 cm wide, not reduced above; Ovary inferior; Hypanthium, ±1 mm. (measured from ovary tip? to sepal base); Sepals 4, 3 mm; Petals 4, white to rose; Stamens 2 × 4 = 8, unequal; Stigma entire.

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        images/TAS006901Dis.jpg

Coll. No. 690.1, Epilobium ciliatum

Scanned 8 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 690.1, 8 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 1 dm, glabrous, not tap-rooted; Leaves basal 0, cauline opposite, to 3 cm, 1 cm wide, not reduced above; Ovary inferior; Hypanthium, ±1 mm. (measured from ovary tip? to sepal base); Sepals 4, 3 mm; Petals 4, white to rose; Stamens 2 x 4 = 8, unequal; Stigma entire.

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        images/TAS006901Det.jpg

Coll. No. 1186, Epilobium sp., probably E. ciliatum

Scanned 10 November 2015.

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        images/TAS011860Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Epilobium ciliatum ciliatum

Collection No. 511, Epilobium ciliatum var. ciliatum

Scanned 17 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005110oview.jpg

Coll. No. 848, Epilobium ciliatum var. ciliatum

Scanned 27 Jun 2013.

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        images/TAS008480Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Epilobium septentrionale

Epilobium septentrionale in my garden.

        images/DSCN0100.jpg

Onagraceae Eremothera boothii intermedia

Coll. No. 386, Eremothera boothii ssp. intermedia

Photograph taken May 25, 2004.

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        images/IMGP0550sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1178, Eremothera boothii ssp. intermedia

Scanned 5 November 2015.

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        images/TAS011780Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1178, Eremothera boothii ssp. intermedia

Scanned 6 November 2015.

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        images/TAS011780Oview2.jpg

Coll. No. 386, Eremothera boothii ssp. intermedia

Scanned 12 December 2012.

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        images/TAS003860Oview.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1178, Eremothera boothii ssp. intermedia

Photographed 25 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1169sm.jpg

Onagraceae Gaytophytum diffusum parviflorum

Gaytophytum diffusum var.parviflorum, Collection No.

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        images/IMGP0174sm.jpg

Collection No. 505, Gaytophytum diffusum var. parviflorum

Scanned 15 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005050oview.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera caespitosa macroglottis

Coll. No. 1407, Oenothera caespitosa var. macroglottis

Scanned 3 December 2016.

Coll. No. 1407, 8 Jun 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 20 cm., glabrous, except as noted; Stem, short, to 4 cm., but definitely there; Leaves, petiole, 90 mm., blade, 90 mm. × 28 mm. wide, oblanceolate, margin toothed, straight hairy; Buds, sparsely hairy on veins; Flowers, solitary in axils, floral tube 100 mm., petals, 37 mm., yellowish, most drying purplish; Stigma, 4-lobed; Capsule, 27 mm. × 5 mm. wide, valve ridges not tuberculate.

The leaves are toothed and not deeply lobed or deeply toothed, and there are no tubercules on the valve ridges of the capsules. Therefore, I am using var. macroglottis rather than var. marginata.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS014070Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera caespitosa marginata

Two evening primroses growing together along Goat Ranch Cutoff

Photograph taken 19 June 2011.

The larger white evening primrose is Oenothera caespitosa var. marginata and the smaller yellow one just to its right is Camissonia parvula.

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        images/IMG11951sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1166, Oenothera caespitosa ssp. marginata

Scanned 31 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1166, 24 Jun 2015, characters observed: Caespitose annual or short-lived perennial herb, to 10 cm.; Leaves, mostly basal, petiole 44 mm. + blade 33 mm. × 14 mm. wide, ovate, margins entire and toothed; Buds erect; Corolla, 32 mm., limb 56 mm., white, fading lavender; Anthers versatile, attached in middle; Pollen, with viscin threads; Stigma, lobes, 4; Fruit, unknown, fortunately not necessary to key in Taylor (2010), though required in most other floras.

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        images/TAS011660Oview.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1166, Oenothera caespitosa ssp. marginata

Photographed 24 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1099sm.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1166, Oenothera caespitosa ssp. marginata

Photographed 24 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1097sm.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera californica avita

Collection No. 162, Oenothera californica ssp. avita

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS001620oview.jpg

California Evening Primrose in Mid Hills Campground

Photograph taken April 21, 2004. Oenothera californica ssp. avita

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        images/IMGP0404sm.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera coronopifolia

Obs. No. 1599, Oenothera coronopifolia

Photographed 27 April 2018.

Determination tentative.

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        images/IMG50099sm.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera curtiflora

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1505, Oenothera curtiflora

Photographed 22 July 2016, along the Mesa Spur Trail, North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado.

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        images/IMGQ2987sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1505, Oenothera curtiflora

Photographed 22 July 2016, along the Mesa Spur Trail, North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado.

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        images/IMGQ2981sm.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera howardii

Coll. No. 1430, Oenothera howardii

Scanned 11 December 2016.

Leaves basal, large yellow flowers, winged capsule.

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        images/TAS014300Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera laciniata

Coll. No. 819, Oenothera laciniata

Photographed 24 May 2012. I had to go out early in the morning to photograph the flowers fully open.

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        images/IMGQ1202sm.jpg

Coll. No. 819, Oenothera laciniata

Photographed 24 May 2012. I had to go out early in the morning to photograph the flowers fully open.

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        images/IMGP1203sm.jpg

Coll. No. 819, Oenothera laciniata

Photographed 24 May 2012. I had to go out early in the morning to photograph the flowers fully open.

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        images/IMGP1204sm.jpg

Coll. No. 819, Oenothera laciniata

Scanned 23 May 2012.

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        images/TAS008190Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera suffrutescens

Coll. No. 317, Oenothera suffrutescens

Scanned 15 December 2012.

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        images/IMG30896sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1866, Oenothera suffrutescens

Scanned 11 November 2018.

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        images/TAS01866Fl.jpg

Overview of Coll. No. 1147, Oenothera suffrutescens

Scanned 22 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1147, 15 June 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Stem, exfoliating brown layer proximally, very few eglandular hairs distally; Leaves, cauline, alternate, sessile, 21 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, elliptic, margin toothed; Bud, appressed hairy; Sepals, 9 mm., reflexed; Flowers, solitary in bracted spike or axils; Petals, 4, 7 mm. × 3 mm. wide, clawed 2 mm., color red, without spots or streaks; Capsule, 4 mm., mature size and shape unknown; Seeds, unknown.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS011470Oview.jpg

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1147, Oenothera suffrutescens

Scanned 22 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1147, 15 June 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Stem, exfoliating brown layer proximally, very few eglandular hairs distally; Leaves, cauline, alternate, sessile, 21 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, elliptic, margin toothed; Bud, appressed hairy; Sepals, 9 mm., reflexed; Flowers, solitary in bracted spike or axils; Petals, 4, 7 mm. × 3 mm. wide, clawed 2 mm., color red, without spots or streaks; Capsule, 4 mm., mature size and shape unknown; Seeds, unknown.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS011470Infl.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera villosa

Coll. No. 1271, Oenothera villosa

Scanned 8 January 2015.

Coll. No. 1271, 29 July 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 25 cm., ±straight hairy throughout; Stem, eglandular, villous, hairs with red pustular bases; Leaves, cauline, alternate, sessile, 55 mm. × 12 mm. wide, elliptical, reduced above, entire, very shallowly toothed; Inflorescence, leafy bracteate spike; Sepals, #4, 13 mm., reflexed; Floral tube, 24 mm.; Petals, #4, 9 mm. × 5 mm. wide, yellow fading pink, obovate, entire; Stigma, lobes #4; Capsules, 25-33 mm.; Seeds, 0.8 mm., squarish, glabrous throughout.

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        images/TAS012710Oview.jpg

Onagraceae Oenothera xylocarpa

Woody-Fruited Evening Primrose (Oenothera xylocarpa) in Smokey Bear Flat

Photograph taken 9 Sep 2011.

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        images/IMG_2580sm.jpg

Onagraceae Taraxia tanacetifolia

Coll. No. 561, Taraxia tanacetifolia Tansy-Leaved Suncup

Photograph taken August 14, 2008.

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        images/IMG01338sm.jpg

Coll. no. 1195, Taraxia tanacetifolia

Photographed 26 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1230sm.jpg

Orchidaceae Epipactis gigantea

Habitat of Coll. No. 993, Epipactis gigantea, the Sierra stream orchid.

Photographed 20 Jun 2013.

The orchid is the non-grass plant seen in the foreground.

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        images/IMG_1521sm.jpg

Orchidaceae Epipactus gigantea

Stream Orchid (Epipactus gigantea) in the delta of Andy Thompson Creek.

Photographed 22 July 2013. Platanthera sparsiflora behind it and to the right.

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        images/IMG_20130722_1828sm.jpg

Orchidaceae Platanthera dilatata leucostachys

Lots of Sierra Bog Orchid across Mill Creek

Photographed 22 July 2013.

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        images/IMG_1589sm.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja

Paintbrush in the Mid Hills Campground

Photograph taken April 21, 2004.

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        images/IMGP0398sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1143, Castilleja

Photographed 15 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ0836sm.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja applegatei pinetorum

Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum near Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 16 July 2010.

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        images/IMGP0516sm.jpg

Overview of Collection No. 666, Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum

Scanned 17 May 2011. Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS006660Oview.jpg

Habitat of Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum near Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 16 July 2010.

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        images/IMGP9503sm.jpg

Castilleja applegatei var. pinetorum near Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 16 July 2010.

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        images/IMGP0515sm.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja chromosa

Habitat of Castilleja chromosa south of Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010.

Shrubs in background are Big Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) and Wax Currant (Ribes cereum var. cereum).

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        images/IMGP0332sm.jpg

Coll. No. 639, Castilleja chromosa

Scanned 8 June 2011.

Originally determined as C. angustifolia.

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        images/TAS006390Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 422, Castilleja chromosa, at Coyote Summit

Scanned 20 Sep 2013.

Coll. No. 422, 26 May 2004, characters observed while keying: Perennial subshrub, growing out of Artemisia tridentata, to 27 cm.; Hairs simple throughout; Leaves alternate, sessile, 30 mm., 3- to 5-lobed, not fleshy, short simple hairy; Inflorescence reddish, not glandular; Bract, 17 mm., 3-lobed; Calyx, 17 mm., divided equally 4 mm. (24%); Corolla, tube 10 mm. + beak 10 mm. = 20 mm., lower lip small teeth, beak greenish yellow above and reddish below.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS004220Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 217, Castilleja chromosa

Scanned 10 Jan 2014.

Coll. No. 217, 27 April 2000, characters observed: Perennial subshrub, to 25 cm., green, hairs simple, not glandular anywhere especially proximal to inflorescence, pinyon-juniper woodland; Leaves alternate (sometimes nearly appearing opposite), sessile, 50 mm. × 5 mm. wide, lanceolate to 5-lobed distally, not fleshy; Calyx, 18 mm., cleft ab- and ad-axially 5 mm. (28%), lobes not curved upward; Corolla, tube 11 mm. + beak 13 mm. = 24 mm., straight, not curved through abaxial side of side of calyx sinus, upper lobes tip open, projected forward, lower lip small; Stamens, 4, fused in pairs; Anther, sacs per stamen obscured by twinning, looks like at least 3 sacs per pair of stamens; Stigma, lobes obscured by pollen.

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        images/TAS002170Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 955, Castilleja chromosa

Photographed 21 May 2013.

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        images/IMG_1455sm.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja foliolosa

Coll. No. 205, Castilleja foliolosa

Scanned 12 Jan 2014.

Coll. No. 205, 2 April 2000, characters observed: Perennial subshrub, to 30 cm.; Stems, decumbent to ascending; Herbage gray-green; Hairs, much branched; Leaves, alternate, sessile, 14 mm. oblong, to few 3- lobed distally; Calyx, 14 mm., cleft equally 4 mm., entire on sides; Corolla, tube 8 mm. + beak 13 mm. = 21 mm., lower lip small.

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        images/TAS002050Oview.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja integra

Habitat of Coll. No. 1143, Castilleja integra

Photographed 15 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ0832sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1614, Castilleja integra, along the top of the Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.

Photographed 15 May 2017.

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        images/IMGQ3942sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1865, Castilleja integra

Photographed 11 November 2018.

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        images/IMGQ4764sm.jpg

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1379, Castilleja integra

Scanned 27 November 2016.

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        images/TAS013790Infl.jpg

Coll. No. 1143, Castilleja integra

Scanned 20 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1143, 15 Jun 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 30 cm.; Stem, tomentose throughout; Leaves, cauline, sessile, 90 mm. × 5 mm., narrowly lanceolate, entire; Bracts, 36 mm. × 11 mm., elliptic to oblanceolate, entire, green at base to red-orange; Calyx, tube 25 mm. + cleft below 10 mm. = 35 mm., cleft above 8 mm., light green to tips red-orange; Corolla, 36 mm.

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        images/TAS011430Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1379, Castilleja integra

Photographed 29 May 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2655sm.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja linariifolia

Coll. No. 439, Castilleja linariifolia

Photographed 20 Sep 2013.

Coll. No. 439, 31 Jul 2004, characters observed while keying: Annual/perennial unknown, to 50 cm., plants of dry places, growing out of Artemisia; Stem and leaf glabrous; Leaf, linear, proximal 60 mm. × 2 mm. wide, margins curled up, length reduced distally to 15 mm, occasionally 3- or 5-lobed; Inflorescence, simple hairy; Bracts, 3-lobed, <calyx; Calyx, 26 mm., divided 14/26 (54%) abaxially and undivided adaxially, lobes curved upward; Corolla curved out through abaxial calyx sinus, beak described as sparsely puberulent, but unable to see in this collection.

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        images/TAS004390Oview.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja miniata

Collection No. 500, Castilleja miniata

Scanned 13 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005000oview.jpg

Collection No. 500, Castilleja miniata

Photograph taken August 2, 2007 beside Bohler Creek.

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        images/IMGP2714sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1467, Castilleja miniata

Scanned 1 January 2017.

Coll. No. 1467, 29 June 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 30 cm., glandular hairy, sometimes tangled, more dense distally; Leaves, cauline, alternate, sessile, 35 mm. × 4.7 mm. wide, some entire, some with pair of lateral lobes; Bract, subtending flower, 26 mm. × 11 mm. wide, ovate, entire, or 1 pair lateral lobes, green becoming reddish-orange distally; Calyx, 22 mm. × 6.5 mm. wide, tube 12 mm. + lobes 10 mm., upper and lower lobes ±equal, color unremarkable, except reddish at tip; Corolla, 30 mm. upper lip(s) 9 mm., lower lip, 3 short teeth, 3 mm.

Does not fit easily into any Castilleja recognized in Colorado. Most like C. miniata or perhaps C. miniata × rhexifolia.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS014670Oview.jpg

Inflorescence parts of Coll. No. 1467, Castilleja miniata

Scanned 1 January 2017.

Coll. No. 1467, 29 June 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 30 cm., glandular hairy, sometimes tangled, more dense distally; Leaves, cauline, alternate, sessile, 35 mm. × 4.7 mm. wide, some entire, some with pair of lateral lobes; Bract, subtending flower, 26 mm. × 11 mm. wide, ovate, entire, or 1 pair lateral lobes, green becoming reddish-orange distally; Calyx, 22 mm. × 6.5 mm. wide, tube 12 mm. + lobes 10 mm., upper and lower lobes ±equal, color unremarkable, except reddish at tip; Corolla, 30 mm. upper lip(s) 9 mm., lower lip, 3 short teeth, 3 mm.

Does not fit easily into any Castilleja recognized in Colorado. Most like C. miniata or perhaps C. miniata × rhexifolia.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS014670Fl.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja miniata miniata

Flower parts of Coll. No. 1182, Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata

Scanned 9 November 2015.

Coll. No. 1182, 25 June 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 45 cm., very sparsely glandular hairy proximally; Leaves, opposite below, alternate above, 70 mm. × 3 mm. wide, lance-linear, reduced above; Inflorescence, glandular-hairy; Bract, not like leaves, 27 mm., lobes 3; Calyx, 26 mm., cleft ±equally top and bottom; Corolla, 40 mm.

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        images/TAS011820Fl.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja minor minor

Collection No. 494, Castilleja minor minor

Scanned 3 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS004940infl.jpg

Collection No. 494, Castilleja minor minor

Scanned 3 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS004940oview.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja pilosa

Coll. No. 693, Castilleja pilosa

Scanned 10 Nov 2011.

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        images/TAS006930Oview.jpg

Castilleja pilosa in Sagehen Meadow

Photograph taken 26 July 2010 in Sagehen Meadow.

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        images/IMGP0680sm.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja rhexifolia

Castilleja rhexifolia seen at Pass Lake.

Photographed 28 June 2018.

        images/IMGQ4701sm.jpg

Orobanchaceae Castilleja sessiliflora

Coll. No. 1089, Castilleja sessiliflora

Photographed 28 May 2015.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1089, Castilleja sessiliflora

Photographed 28 May 2015.

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Coll. No. 1089, Castilleja sessiliflora

Scanned 18 June 2015.

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        images/TAS010890Oview.jpg

Orobanchaceae Cordylanthus mollis

Cordylanthus mollis at Port Edith salt marsh.

Photograph taken 7-Aug-03 on a CNPS field trip.

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        images/TS7038-R1-10.jpg

Cordylanthus mollis at Port Edith salt marsh.

Photograph taken 7-Aug-03 on a CNPS field trip. The out-of-focus white object is a ruler that is approximately 1 inch wide.

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        images/TS7038-R1-13.jpg

Orobanchaceae Cordylanthus parviflorus

Collection No. 155, Cordylanthus parviflorus

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        images/TAS0015500view.jpg

Purple Bird's-Beak (Cordylanthus paarviflorus)

This photograph is of my Collection No. 292.

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Purple Bird's-Beak (Cordylanthus parviflorus)

This photograph is of my Collection No. 292.

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        images/1339_3153_1142_70sm.jpg

Orobanchaceae Orobanche cooperi

Orobanche cooperi in the Mesquite Mountains, my Coll. No. 456.

Photograph taken 21 April 2005.

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        images/IMGP1101sm.jpg

Collection No. 456, Orobanche cooperi, from the Mesquite Mountains.

Scanned 21-Jan-06.

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        images/TAS004560.jpg

Coll. No. 456, Orobanche cooperi, collected near the top of the Mesquite Mountains.

Scanned 21 Sep 2013.

Coll. No. 456, 21 April 2005, characters observed while keying: Non-photosynthetic parasitic herb to 12 cm.; Root attachment unknown; Inflorescence dense, 2.0-3.5 cm. wide; Pedicel 5 mm.; Bractlets, 2, 8 mm., narrow; Calyx, fused 5 mm. + free 6 mm. = 11 mm., divided ±equally; Corolla, 20 mm., constricted at middle, lacking a ring of hairs at base of filaments; Anthers, sparsely hairy; Stigma lobes 2, thin, recurved.

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        images/TAS004560Oview.jpg

Orobanchaceae Orobanche corymbosa

Orobanche corymbosa, Collection No. 577

Photograph taken July 7, 2009.

The Orobanche was growing in the openings between bushes. It wasn't clear to me which of the shrub species were being parasitized.

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        images/IMG01961sm.jpg

Collection #577 Orobanche corymbosa

Scanned May 6, 2010, grid is 10x10 to the inch.

Specimen was split longitudinally before pressing.

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Collection #577 Orobanche corymbosa

Scanned May 6, 2010, grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005770R.jpg

Coll. No. 1180, Orobanche corymbosa

Scanned 6 November 2015.

Coll. No. 1180, 25 Jun 2015, characters observed: Parasitic perennial plant, 15 cm., dark-red or purple; Inflorescence branched; Pedicels with bractlets; Calyx lobes 18 mm.; Flowers 15-22; Corolla 24 mm., lower lip 6 mm.; Anthers hairy all over.

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Coll. No. 1180, Orobanche corymbosa

Photographed 25 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ1179sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1180, Orobanche corymbosa

Scanned 6 November 2015.

Coll. No. 1180, 25 Jun 2015, characters observed: Parasitic perennial plant, 15 cm., dark-red or purple; Inflorescence branched; Pedicels with bractlets; Calyx lobes 18 mm.; Flowers 15-22; Corolla 24 mm., lower lip 6 mm.; Anthers hairy all over.

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        images/TAS011800Ab.jpg

Orobanchaceae Orobanche fasciculata

Orobanche fasciculata on top of Panorama Dome

Photograph taken 8 Sep 2011. Determination tentative, not collected.

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Obs. No. 1567, Orobanche fasciculata

Photographed 5 June 2017.

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Orobanche fasciculata seen in Upper Washington Avenue Open Space.

Photographed 15 June 2018.

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        images/IMG50274sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1386, Orobanche fasciculata

Scanned 28 November 2016.

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Orobanchaceae Orobanche fasciculatum

Orobanche fasciculatum in Nightbird Gulch

Photographed 3 May 2015.

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Orobanchaceae Orobanche uniflora

Coll. No. 1372, Orobanche uniflora

Photographed 29 May 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2637sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1372, Orobanche uniflora

Scanned 26 November 2016.

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        images/TAS013720Oview.jpg

Oxalidaceae Oxalis stricta

Coll. No. 1676, Oxalis stricta

Scanned 26 December 2017.

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        images/TAS016760Oview.jpg

Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1676, Oxalis stricta

Scanned 26 December 2017.

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        images/TAS016760Infl.jpg

Papaveraceae Arctomecon merriamii

Bear Poppy Arctomecon merriamii near Red Pass.

Photographed May 1993. Scanned 17 March 2018.

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        images/9354-3-332.jpg

Papaveraceae Argemone munita rotundata

Coll. No. 428, Argemone munita ssp. rotundata

Scanned 12 October 2012.

Collection No. 428, 12 Oct 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual or biennial; Stem purplish, closely prickly, longest prickles 5 mm; Leaves generally cauline, distal blades not clasping, dissected, prickly on veins, and somewhat between veins; Flower radial; Petals white; Capsule prickles simple, < 5 mm. (Keyed to subspecies per Flora of North America.)

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Papaveraceae Argemone polyanthemos

Seed of Coll. No. 1522, Argemone polyanthemos

Microphotograph made 8 August 2016. Marks across bottom of image are 1 millimeter.

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        images/105Argpol_seed_20160808sm.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1484, Argemone polyanthemos

Photographed 6 July 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2882sm.jpg

Leaf-cutting bee cutting semi-circular segments from petals of Argemone polyanthemos.

Photographed 6 July 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2903sm.jpg

Flower of Coll. No. 1484, Argemone polyanthemos

Photographed 6 July 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2889sm.jpg

Papaveraceae Eschscholtzia sp.

Undetermined Poppy near Lobo Point

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        images/1440-13.jpg

Papaveraceae Eschscholzia californica

California Poppy in my garden.

Photograph taken March 24, 2001.

This photo appears on the front cover of Weland, Gerald. 1993. A Guide to Locating California Wildflowers. Phoenix, Arizona, American Traveler Press, 1993. 2004 Printing.

        images/dscn0179.jpg

Papaveraceae Eschscholzia minutiflora

Coll. No. 269, Eschscholzia minutiflora

Scanned 20 May 2015.

Coll. No. 269, 22 April 2001, characters observed: Annual, to 20 cm.; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal, 70-80 mm., some leaf segments widen to tip, tip obtuse, not notched, petiole, small glands, not hairs; Peduncle, 60-70 mm., < basal leaves; Flower bud, glabrous, ±nodding; Receptacle, 3.2 mm. × 1.7 mm. wide, tapered at base, parallel sides distally (leads away from E. minutiflora in TJM2 key); Petals, 6 mm. × 5 mm. wide, near round, yellow; Seed, 1 mm., oblong, dark brown, net-ridged.

The thing to see in this photo is that the sides of the distal receptacle are parallel; not a typical E. minutiflora character.

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        images/TAS002690Det.jpg

Coll. No. 269, Eschscholzia minutiflora

Scanned 20 May 2015.

Coll. No. 269, 22 April 2001, characters observed: Annual, to 20 cm.; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal, 70-80 mm., some leaf segments widen to tip, tip obtuse, not notched, petiole, small glands, not hairs; Peduncle, 60-70 mm., < basal leaves; Flower bud, glabrous, ±nodding; Receptacle, 3.2 mm. × 1.7 mm. wide, tapered at base, parallel sides distally (leads away from E. minutiflora in TJM2 key); Petals, 6 mm. × 5 mm. wide, near round, yellow; Seed, 1 mm., oblong, dark brown, net-ridged.

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        images/TAS002690Oview.jpg

Phrymaceae Diplacus bigelovii bigelovii

Coll. no. 319, Diplacus bigelovii var. bigelovii

Scanned 20 Sep 2013.

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        images/TAS003190Oview.jpg

Phrymaceae Diplacus bigelovii cuspidatus

Coll. No. 730, Diplacus bigelovii var. cuspidatus

Scanned 1 Jan 2012.

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Phrymaceae Diplacus mephiticus

Flower of Diplacus mephiticus

Photograph taken 26 July 2010 in Sagehen Meadow.

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Leaf of Diplacus mephiticus

Photograph taken 26 July 2010 in Sagehen Meadow.

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Collection Number 465

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        images/TAS004650oview.jpg

Skunky Monkeyflower in Little Sand Flat

Photograph taken August 13, 2008.

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Coll. No. 392, Diplacus mephiticus

Scanned 17 Sep 2013.

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        images/TAS003920Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 392, Diplacus mephiticus

Scanned 17 Sep 2013.

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        images/TAS003920One.jpg

Phrymaceae Diplacus nanus

Diplacus nanus, Collection No. 599

Photograph taken 16 June 2010, on the north slopes above Big Sand Flat.

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        images/IMGP0145sm.jpg

Diplacus nanus, Collection No. 590

Photograph taken 15 June 2010 at the edge of Sagehen Meadow,

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        images/IMGP9116sm.jpg

Habitat of Diplacus nanus near Big Sand Flat.

Photograph taken 16 June 2010, on the north slopes above Big Sand Flat.

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        images/IMGP0149sm.jpg

Coll. No. 750, Diplacus nanus

Scanned 16 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 750, 16 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual 4-5 cm; Flower nodes with 2 flowers; Leaves puberulent, tip rounded, gland tipped hairs 0.1-0.2 mm mostly along margins; Pedicel 2-3 mm; Calyx 7 mm., gland tipped hairs 0.1-0.2 mm; Corolla bilateral, tube throat 12-15 mm., externally glabrous; Anthers ciliate; Stigma at end of corolla tube throat, > stamens, edges ciliate; Fruit fragile (definitely not hard).

Most collections at this locality are determined as var. mephiticus, but short lengths of hairs on leaves and calyces are strongly suggestive of var. nanus.

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        images/TAS007500Det.jpg

Coll. No. 750, Diplacus nanus

Scanned 16 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 750, 16 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual 4-5 cm; Flower nodes with 2 flowers; Leaves puberulent, tip rounded, gland tipped hairs 0.1-0.2 mm mostly along margins; Pedicel 2-3 mm; Calyx 7 mm., gland tipped hairs 0.1-0.2 mm; Corolla bilateral, tube throat 12-15 mm., externally glabrous; Anthers ciliate; Stigma at end of corolla tube throat, > stamens, edges ciliate; Fruit fragile (definitely not hard).

Most collections at this locality are determined as var. mephiticus, but short lengths of hairs on leaves and calyces are strongly suggestive of var. nanus.

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        images/TAS007500Oview.jpg

Phrymaceae Erythranthe

Collection No. 505

Photograph taken August 2, 2007 beside Bohler Creek.

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        images/IMGP2719sm.jpg

Phrymaceae Erythranthe guttata

Coll. No. 788, Erythranthe guttata

Scanned 15 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 788, 15 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Herb terrestrial, in wet places, to 5 dm tall. Leaves cauline, opposite, to 40 mm, round, not lobed or dissected, toothed to 2 mm, fused at base around stem; Infloresence 15-20 fls; Pedicel (5-13 mm) > calyx (9-15 mm); Calyx not spurred at base, angled in cross-section, cleft < 1/2 length (?), asymmetrically inflated in fruit; Corolla tubular (not rotate), yellow, not red-spotted, 25 mm, deciduous, upper lobes not united, lower lobes not pouched upwards, reflexed downward; Stamens fertile 4, unequal length, staminode absent; Stigma maybe weakly 2-lobed (not capitate); Fruit 6 mm.

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        images/TAS007880Fl.jpg

Collection No. 504, Erythranthe guttata

Scanned 15 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005040oview.jpg

Phrymaceae Erythranthe suksdorfii

Collection No. 747, Erythranthe suksdorfii

Photograph taken 15 June 2011.

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        images/IMGP2986sm.jpg

Collection No. 747, Erythranthe suksdorfii

Photograph taken 15 June 2011.

I included this photo to show that the calyx swells slightly in fruit, but definitely does so symmetrically. It does not swell assymetrically.

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        images/IMGP0991sm.jpg

Typical habitat of Erythranthe suksdorfii near Reversed Peak.

Photograph taken 20 June 2011.

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        images/IMG_1972sm.jpg

Collection No. 747, Erythranthe suksdorfii

Photograph taken 15 June 2011.

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        images/IMGP1988sm.jpg

Erythranthe suksdorfii, Calyptridium roseum, and Phacelia bicolor just west of Mono Craters.

Photograph taken 16 June 2011.

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        images/IMG_1921sm.jpg

Coll. No. 772, Erythranthe suksdorfii

Scanned 22 Jan 2012.

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        images/TAS007720Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 772, Erythranthe suksdorfii, near Grant Lake Overlook.

Scanned 22 Jan 2012.

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        images/TAS007720Det.jpg

Coll. No. 747, Erythranthe suksdorfii

Scanned 15 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 747, 15 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual; Pedicels 4-7 mm (4.0, 5.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0), > calyx; Calyx 2.5-3.5 mm (2.5, 3.0, 3.0, 3.5, 3.5), puberulent, slightly inflated in fruit, lobes equal, < tube, rounded, glabrous; Corolla 2-3 mm, limb 2 mm, single color, yellow, one or more red spots.

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        images/TAS007470Det.jpg

Coll. No. 747, Erythranthe suksdorfii

Scanned 15 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 747, 15 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual; Pedicels 4-7 mm (4.0, 5.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0), > calyx; Calyx 2.5-3.5 mm (2.5, 3.0, 3.0, 3.5, 3.5), puberulent, slightly inflated in fruit, lobes equal, < tube, rounded, glabrous; Corolla 2-3 mm, limb 2 mm, single color, yellow, one or more red spots.

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        images/TAS007470Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 799, Erythranthe suksdorfii

Scanned 30 Dec 2011. This material to be combined with Coll. No. 747.

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        images/TAS007990Oview.jpg

Phrymaceae Erythranthe utahensis

Coll. No. 847, Erythranthe utahensis

Scanned 26 Jun 2013.

Coll. No. 847, 21 June 2012, characters observed while keying: Herbaceous annual or perennial, green photosynthetic, suberect to erect, 25-30 cm.; Rhizomes numerous, 0.5-0.8 mm. dia., i.e., larger than filiform; Leaves cauline opposite, glabrous-puberulent; Flowers 12-16; Pedicels at anthesis 13 mm., in fruit 24-25 mm.; Calyx five-angled, cleft < 1/2 length, at anthesis 11 mm., in fruit moderately inflated, upper 13 mm., lower lobes turned upagainst upper lobe; Corolla yellow, upper lobe 20-25 mm., lobes entire, dehiscent soon after anthesis, upper lobes not united, spur absent; Stamens 4, staminode absent; Stigmas 2-lobed.

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        images/TAS008470Oview.jpg

Phrymaceae Mimetanthe pilosus

Coll. No. 719, Mimetanthe pilosus

Scanned 20 Nov 2011.

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        images/TAS007190Oview.jpg

Phrymaceae Mimulus floribundus

Coll. No. 1448, Mimulus floribundus

Scanned 16 December 2016.

Coll. No. 1448, 22 June 2016, characters observed: Annual, of wet places, 10-30 cm.; Leaves, opposite, cauline, lower, petiole 8 mm. + blade 9 mm. × 8 mm. wide, orbicular-ovate; upper, nearly sessile; Calyx, upper lobe 4.7-8.0 mm., lower lobe 3.7-6.4 mm.; Corolla, 10 mm., yellow; Fruit, pedicel, 8 mm.

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        images/TAS014480Oview.jpg

Phyrmaceae Erythranthe

Coll. No. 1688, Erythranthe sp.

Scanned 28 June 2017.

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        images/TAS016880Oviewsm.jpg

Phyrmaceae Erythranthe floribunda

Coll. No. 1688, Erythranthe floribunda

Scanned 23 December 2017.

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        images/TAS016880Oview.jpg

Phyrmaceae Erythranthe guttata

Coll. No. 1176, Erythranthe guttata

Scanned 5 November 2015.

Coll. No. 1176, 25 Jun 2015, characters observed, Annual herb, erect, largest 20 cm.; Leaves, toothed, not lobed or dissected; Pedicel, 10-25 mm.; Flowers, (2)5-6(13) per stem; Calyx, (in flower) 7-8 mm.; Corolla, yellow, throat pouched up, closed.

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        images/TAS011760Oview.jpg

Phyrmaceae Erythranthe primuloides

Habitat of Erythranthe primuloides in Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010.

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Coll. No. 786, Erythranthe primuloides

Scanned 5 Dec 2011.

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        images/TAS007860Oview.jpg

Erythranthe primuloides in Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010.

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        images/IMGP0322sm.jpg

Collection No. 528, Erythranthe primuloides

Scanned 20 March 2011. Background grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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        images/TAS005280oview.jpg

Phyrmaceae Mimulus

Participants in the 2011 Mimulus workshop

Photograph taken 22 May 2011.

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        images/2011MimulusGroupsm.jpg

Phyrmaceae Mimulus bigelovii

Mimulus bigevovii on limestone scree, Mesquite Mountains.

Photograph taken 21 April 2005.

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        images/IMGP1069sm.jpg

Pinaceae Abies bifolia

Immature pistillate cone on Rocky Mountain Subalpine Fir

Photographed 19 June 2018.

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        images/IMG50321sm.jpg

Pinaceae Pinus cembroides

Coll. No. 739, Pinus cembroides

Scanned 7 Jan 2012.

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        images/TAS007390Oview.jpg

Pinaceae Pinus contorta murrayana

Coll. No. 946, Pinus contorta ssp. murrayana

Scanned 1 Feb 2014.

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        images/TAS009460Oview.jpg

Pinaceae Pinus longaeva

Western Bristlecone Pine (Pinus longaeva) on the trail above Lee Canyon.

Elevation about 9,000 feet.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Nevada State Route 156: 34000.

        images/3201-53.jpg

Pinaceae Pinus ponderosa

Coll. No. 1316, Pinus ponderosa in Ranson Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.

Photographed 14 April 2016.

These were in the southern part of the park, just below the railroad tracks.

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        images/IMGQ2375sm.jpg

Ponderosa pine on top of North Table Mountain.

Photographed 13 July 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2957sm.jpg

Pinaceae Pinus ponderosa(?)

Coll. No. 908, Pinus ponderosa?

Photographed 26 August 2012.

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        images/IMG30681sm.jpg

Coll. No. 908, Pinus ponderosa?

Photographed 26 August 2012.

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        images/IMG30680sm.jpg

Pinaceae Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas Fir above the Mesa Top Trail

Photographed 1 June 2016.

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        images/IMGQ2671sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1502, Pseudotsuga menziesii “Douglas Fir”

Photographed 13 July 2016.

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Pinaceae Pseudotsuga menziesii glauca

Coll. No. 1502, Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca

Photographed 7 January 2017.

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Plantaginaceae Collinsia

Collinisia at Pinnacles National Monument

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        images/IMGP0333sm.jpg

Plantaginaceae Collinsia heterophylla

Chinese Houses (Collinsia heterophylla along Highway 140 and the Merced River.

I guess I don't understand why "Digger Pine" is perjorative, and "Chinese House" is not. Maybe, political correctness is stronger for some cultures than others, or maybe the dominant culture has a stonger sense of guilt about some minority cultures than others.

Photograph taken May 13, 2005.

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        images/IMGP1189sm.jpg

Plantaginaceae Collinsia parviflora

Collinsia parviflora in Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 8 July 2010 in Sagehen Meadow.

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        images/IMGP9375sm.jpg

Habit of Collinsia parviflora in Sagehen Meadow

Photograph taken 8 July 2010 in Sagehen Meadow.

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        images/IMGP0374sm.jpg

First photo taken of Collinsia parviflora, before I knew what it was.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010.

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        images/IMGP0318sm.jpg

Habitat of Coll. No. 1127, Collinsia parviflora

Photographed 1 June 2015.

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        images/IMGQ0698sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1127, Collinsia parviflora

Scanned 30 September 2015.

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        images/TAS011270Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1899, Collinsia parviflora

Photographed 24 November 2018.

Coll. No. 1899, 28 May 2018, characters observed: Annual herb, to 23 cm., ±minutely pubescent throughout, eglandular; Stem, round; Leaves, opposite below, but occurring in 3s above, 14 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide, oblanceolate, very short petiole if at all, generally glabrous except minute pubescence on entire margins; Inflorescence, indeterminant, axillary (or nearly entire plant inflorescence as seen in Veronica spp.); Pedicels, 4 mm. in flower, to 21 mm. in fruit, finely pubescent; Calyx, lobes, #5, tube 2 mm. + lobes 2.5-3.0 mm., keeled or mid-vein prominent, body purplish when young, fading tan, tips, green; Corolla, none found; Stamens, none found; (Possible that stamens are inserted on a corolla that is very early deciduous.) Ovary, 1.6 mm. × 1.4 mm. wide, globose, entire, very dark brown to black; Style, #1, 2.5-2.7 mm.; Stigma, simple; Fruit, capsule, 5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, entire, i.e., no notch, obovate; Seeds, #3, maybe 4, 2 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, flattened, dark brown.

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        images/IMGQ4779sm.jpg

Coll. No. 1789, Collinsia parviflora

Scanned 5 July 2018.

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        images/TAS017890Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 1899, Collinsia parviflora

Photographed 24 November 2018.

Coll. No. 1899, 28 May 2018, characters observed: Annual herb, to 23 cm., ±minutely pubescent throughout, eglandular; Stem, round; Leaves, opposite below, but occurring in 3s above, 14 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide, oblanceolate, very short petiole if at all, generally glabrous except minute pubescence on entire margins; Inflorescence, indeterminant, axillary (or nearly entire plant inflorescence as seen in Veronica spp.); Pedicels, 4 mm. in flower, to 21 mm. in fruit, finely pubescent; Calyx, lobes, #5, tube 2 mm. + lobes 2.5-3.0 mm., keeled or mid-vein prominent, body purplish when young, fading tan, tips, green; Corolla, none found; Stamens, none found; (Possible that stamens are inserted on a corolla that is very early deciduous.) Ovary, 1.6 mm. × 1.4 mm. wide, globose, entire, very dark brown to black; Style, #1, 2.5-2.7 mm.; Stigma, simple; Fruit, capsule, 5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, entire, i.e., no notch, obovate; Seeds, #3, maybe 4, 2 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, flattened, dark brown.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1789, Collinsia parviflora

Photographed 23 April 2018.

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Coll. No. 1899, Collinsia parviflora

Photographed 24 November 2018.

Coll. No. 1899, 28 May 2018, characters observed: Annual herb, to 23 cm., ±minutely pubescent throughout, eglandular; Stem, round; Leaves, opposite below, but occurring in 3s above, 14 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide, oblanceolate, very short petiole if at all, generally glabrous except minute pubescence on entire margins; Inflorescence, indeterminant, axillary (or nearly entire plant inflorescence as seen in Veronica spp.); Pedicels, 4 mm. in flower, to 21 mm. in fruit, finely pubescent; Calyx, lobes, #5, tube 2 mm. + lobes 2.5-3.0 mm., keeled or mid-vein prominent, body purplish when young, fading tan, tips, green; Corolla, none found; Stamens, none found; (Possible that stamens are inserted on a corolla that is very early deciduous.) Ovary, 1.6 mm. × 1.4 mm. wide, globose, entire, very dark brown to black; Style, #1, 2.5-2.7 mm.; Stigma, simple; Fruit, capsule, 5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, entire, i.e., no notch, obovate; Seeds, #3, maybe 4, 2 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, flattened, dark brown.

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Plantaginaceae Gratiola neglecta

Coll. No. 1729, Gratiola neglecta

Scanned 6 January 2018.

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Plantaginaceae Keckiella antirrhinoides

Keckiella antirrhinoides var. microphylla at Lobo Point.

Photograph taken May 28, 2005.

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Keckiella antirrhinoides var. microphylla

Lobo Point.

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Yellow Bush Penstemon (Keckiella antirrhinoides) resprouting after the Hackberry Complex fire.

Photograph taken October 15, 2005 near Lobo Point, Mojave National Preserve.

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Close-up of Keckiella antirrhinoides var. microphylla flower.

Photograph taken in May 1993 at Lobo Point.

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Plantaginaceae Kickxia spuria

Coll. No. 877, Kickxia spuria

Scanned 7 July 2013.

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Appearance of Kickxia spuria in the field.

Photographed 5 August 2012.

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Coll. No. 877, Kickxia spuria

Photographed 5 August 2012.

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Coll. No. 877, Kickxia spuria

Scanned 7 July 2013.

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Habitat of Kickxia spuria

Photographed 5 August 2012.

The plants were just behind the daypack.

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Habitat of Kickxia spuria in front of day pack.

Photographed 5 August 2012.

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Flower of Kickxia spuria showing spur.

Photographed 5 August 2012.

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Plantaginaceae Linaria dalmatica

Coll. No. 1641, Linaria dalmatica

Scanned 7 December 2017.

Colorado Noxious Weed List B.

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Coll. No. 1393, Linaria dalmatica

Photographed 8 June 2016.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon carnosus

Collection No. 537, Penstemon carnosus, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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Collection No. 537, Penstemon carnosus, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

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Collection No. 537, Penstemon carnosus, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

This image shows the anther sacs opening the full length, but the connective indehiscent.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon cinicola

Habitat of Penstemon cinicola on upper Dry Creek.

Photograph taken 8 July 2010.

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Habitat of the Ash Penstemon (Penstemon cinicola) in Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 2 July 2010.

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Infloresence of Penstemon cinicola.

Photograph taken 2 July 2010.

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Flower of Penstemon cinicola.

Photograph taken 2 July 2010.

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Penstemon cinicola in Crooked Meadows

Photographed 18 June 2012.

Several collections of these plants have been annotated as Penstemon cinicola as opposed to P. rydbergii var. oreocharis.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1155, Penstemon cinicola

Photographed 23 June 2015.

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Coll. No. 1155, Penstemon cinicola

Scanned 29 October 2015.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1155, Penstemon cinicola

Photographed 23 June 2015.

Also in this photo, Lupinus duranii.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon cyanocaulis

Example of Crisped Leaf Margin

The collection is: Penstemon cyanocaulis Payson USA, Utah, San Juan County: La Sal Creek, Utah Highway 46, 1.3 km (0.8 mi) west of Colorado border: T28S R26E S32; 1830 m (6000 ft) elevation. Locally common on slopes among Gambel oak. Noel H. Holmgren #11178, with Patricia K. Holmgren 14 June 1986 UC1874834

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon eatonii

Eaton's Firecracker in Macedonia Canyon.

Photograph taken May 27, 2001.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Macedonia Canyon Road - Mojave National Preserve: 21000.
  • Field Notes: 20010527020.

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Eaton's Firecracker in Macedonia Canyon.

Photograph taken May 27, 2001.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Macedonia Canyon Road - Mojave National Preserve: 21000.
  • Field Notes: 20010527020.

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Eaton's Firecracker (Penstemon eatonii) in Caruthers Canyon.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon hallii

Coll. No. 1482, Penstemon hallii

Scanned 22 December 2016.

Coll. No. 1482, 29 June 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, caulescent, 8 to 15 cm., glabrous below, becoming glandular in inflorescence, but not hairy; Leaves, opposite, 20 mm. × 1.8 mm. wide, narrowly oblanceolate, reduced above; Inflorescence, 6-8 flowers per stem, somewhat one-sided; Pedicel, leafy, 4-9 mm.; Calyx, tube 1.0-1.5 mm. + lobes 4.0-5.5 mm., green to dark green with tinges of purple, chartaceous scalloped margins; Flowers, tube, 12 mm. + lobes 5-6 mm. × 8-9 mm., blue throughout, or yellow tube with blue lobes; Staminode, hairy at tip; Stamens, just reaching orifice of corolla, Anther, sacs, 1.6 mm. glabrous.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon rostriflorus

Coll. No. 702, Penstemon rostriflorus

Scanned 14 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 702, 14 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Perennial terrestrial; Stem round; Leaves cauline, opposite; Calyx segments free; Corolla red, upper lobes not forming a beak or hood, lower lip strongly reflexed, spur 0; Stamens fertile 4, staminode 1, attached at root of corolla tube; Filament base glabrous; Anther sacs not dehiscing full length.

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Coll. No. 702, Penstemon rostriflorus

Scanned 14 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 702, 14 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Perennial terrestrial; Stem round; Leaves cauline, opposite; Calyx segments free; Corolla red, upper lobes not forming a beak or hood, lower lip strongly reflexed, spur 0; Stamens fertile 4, staminode 1, attached at root of corolla tube; Filament base glabrous; Anther sacs not dehiscing full length.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon rydbergii oreocharis

Coll. No. 787, Penstemon rydbergii var. oreocharis

Scanned 15 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 787, 15 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb, to 6 dm; Leaves opposite, lower elliptic, entire, obtuse, to 8 cm, petiole to 3 cm, glabrous, proximal caluine leaves well developed; Infloresence axis glabrous; Pedicels glabrous (i.e., not glandular); Calyx 4 mm; Corolla blue, 9-12 mm; Stamens 2 unequal pairs, 7 and 9 mm; Anthers glabrous, dehiscing full length; Staminode glabrous, one observed with three large hairs or small protuberences on margin.

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Coll. No. 864, Penstemon rydbergii var. oreocharis

Scanned 26 February 2013.

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Coll. No. 787, Penstemon rydbergii var. oreocharis

Scanned 15 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 787, 15 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb, to 6 dm; Leaves opposite, lower elliptic, entire, obtuse, to 8 cm, petiole to 3 cm, glabrous, proximal caluine leaves well developed; Infloresence axis glabrous; Pedicels glabrous (i.e., not glandular); Calyx 4 mm; Corolla blue, 9-12 mm; Stamens 2 unequal pairs, 7 and 9 mm; Anthers glabrous, dehiscing full length; Staminode glabrous, one observed with three large hairs or small protuberences on margin.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon secundiflorus

Coll. No. 1639, Penstemon secundiflorus

Photographed 6 December 2017.

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Coll. No. 1120, Penstemon secundiflorus

Scanned 24 September 2015.

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Coll. No. 1120, Penstemon secundiflorus

Photographed 28 May 2015.

Coll. No. 1120, 28 May 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm., caulescent, eastern slope; Leaves, opposite, well-spaced, sessile, 66 mm. × 23 mm. wide, lanceolate, entire, glaucus; Inflorescence, axis glabrous, not glandular-hairy, flowers mostly on one side of the stem; Calyx, 5 mm., with purple-tinged sinus tissue; Flowers, 18 mm., magenta; Stamens, inserted; Staminode, 1.8 mm. wide at tip, hairy; Anther, sacs, glabrous on side opposite dehiscence.

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Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1639, Penstemon secundiflorus

Scanned 6 December 2017.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1392, Penstemon secundiflorus

Photographed 8 June 2016.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon speciosus

Collection No. 778, Penstemon speciosus

Photograph taken 22 June 2011.

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Overview of Coll. No. 650, Penstemon speciosus

Scanned 18 Oct 2011.

Leaves, upper glabrous; Infloresence, axis and pedicels glabrous; Calyx 7-9 mm; Corolla, color blue, 30 mm, throat 11 mm wide; Anthers glabrous (definitely not wooly), sacs not dehiscing full length, spreading not quite 90°.

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Flower of Coll. No. 650, Penstemon speciosus

Scanned 18 Oct 2011. Scale in millimeters and centimeters.

Leaves, upper glabrous; Infloresence, axis and pedicels glabrous; Calyx 7-9 mm; Corolla, color blue, 30 mm, throat 11 mm wide; Anthers glabrous (definitely not wooly), sacs not dehiscing full length, spreading not quite 90°.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon virens

Habitat of Coll. No. 1107, Penstemon virens

Photographed 14 May 2015.

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Coll. No. 1121, Penstemon virens

Scanned 24 September 2015.

Coll. No. 1121, 28 May 2015, characters observed: Perennial herb, of eastern slope, ascending 16 cm. from horizontal rooting stem; Stem, short hairy becoming gland-tipped hairs distally; Leaves, “basal” and cauline, “basal,” crowded around sprouts from horizontal stems, petiole 30 mm. + blade 30 mm. × 7 mm. wide, oblanceolate, entire, tip mucronate, cauline, opposite, sessile, 30 mm. × 8 mm. wide, lanceolate, slightly toothed; Inflorescence, thyrse, arising from axils, leaves reduced; Pedicels, 3 mm., with gland-tipped hairs; Calyx, 4 mm., lobe tips acute; Corolla, 13 mm., blue-violet (not pale); Stamens, inserted; Staminode, not enlarged at tip, hairy in terminal 2 mm.; Anther sacs, papillate, not hairy;

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Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1640, Penstemon virens

Scanned 6 December 2017.

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Coll. No. 1107, Penstemon virens

Scanned 30 August 2015.

Coll. No. 1107, 14 May 2015, characters observed (or not!): Perennial terrestrial herb, to 30 cm.; Stem very short hairy proximally (supposedly in lines but not clearly so to me), becoming glandular-hairy in the inflorescence; Leaves, basal and cauline, glabrous, basal, petiole, 20 mm., blade, 35 mm. × 13 mm. wide, ovate, entire, cauline, petioled 8 mm. to sessile distally, 25 mm. × 7 mm. wide, margin entire to minutely toothed distally; Inflorescence, thryse, 8 to 12 flowers per node; Calyx, lobe 2 mm. + 5 lobes 2 mm. = 4 mm.; Flowers, zygomorphic, parts in 5s, not spurred; Corolla fused at base, purple, 15 mm., lobes 2 mm., limb 10 mm., outer surface glandular-pubescent; Stamens, 4, included, staminode 1, hairy at tip; Anther, purple, sacs papillate.

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Plantaginaceae Penstemon whippleanus

Penstemon whippleanus on Loveland Pass.

Photographed 28 June 2018.

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Plantaginaceae Plantago coronopus

Coll. No. 805, Plantago coronopus

Photographed 8 April 2012.

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Coll. No. 805, Plantago coronopus

Scanned 24 January 2013.

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Coll. No. 805, Plantago coronopus

Photographed 8 April 2012.

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Plantaginaceae Plantago patagonica

Coll. No. 281, Plantago patagonica

Scanned 14 Jan 2014.

Coll. No. 281, 24 April 2001, characters observed: Annual, herb, to 10 cm., drying light green; Leaves, basal rosette, 55 mm. × 2.5 mm., narrowly oblanceolate, entire; Peduncle, 55 mm., not grooved, hairs ascending (not spreading), diameter >> than leaf hairs, Inflorescence, scapose, 10-12, in single terminal spikes, axis not visible between flowers; Bract, linear, 1-2 × calyx, exserted; Flower, bisexual, Corolla, lobes 1.8 mm., 1 erect, 3 spreading, tube glabrous (should be hairy); Stamens, 4, inserted; Style 1.2 mm.; Fruit, 2.5 mm Seeds 2, 1.4 mm., inner side deep concave (much easier to dissect fruit and examine seeds when dry, rather than when wetted with Pohl's solution).

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Coll. No. 1882, Plantago patagonica

Scanned 17 November 2018.

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Coll. No. 1490, Plantago patagonica

Scanned 4 January 2017.

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Plantaginaceae Verbascum thapsus

Dense colonies of Common Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) in Cottonwood Canyon

Photographed 8 November 2015.

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Plantaginaceae Veronica americana

Coll. No. 1024, Veronica americana

Scanned 5 January 2015.

Coll. No. 1024, 24 July 2013, characters observed while keying: Perennial, decumbent, glabrous; Leaves, short-petioled (1.5-3.0 mm.), ovate, 30 mm. × 17 mm. wide, length 1.8 × width; Inflorescence, axillary, racemes opposite; Bracts, 6 mm., wider than linear; Pedicels, 4-6 mm.; Flowers, 15-20 per raceme; Sepals, 2 mm. at flowering, 2.5-3.5 mm. at fruit.

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Habit of Coll. No. 1024, Veronica americana

Photographed 24 July 2013.

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Plantaginaceae Veronica anagallis-aquatica

Coll. No. 1005, Veronica anagallis-aquatica

Photographed 15 February 2015.

Coll. No. 1005, 22 Jul 2013, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb, to 25 cm., rhizomed, growing in muddy soil at creekside; Stem, rooting at nodes; Herbage, glabrous; Leaves, cauline, opposite, sessile, ovate, 35 mm. × 14 mm., 2.5× longer than wide; Inflorescence, in opposite axillary racemes; Sepals, 4; Corolla, radial, lobes 4, blue; Stamens 2, staminodes 0; Stigma entire; Fruit rounded (not notched).

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Coll. No. 1005, Veronica anagallis-aquatica

Photographed 15 February 2015.

Coll. No. 1005, 22 Jul 2013, characters observed while keying: Perennial herb, to 25 cm., rhizomed, growing in muddy soil at creekside; Stem, rooting at nodes; Herbage, glabrous; Leaves, cauline, opposite, sessile, ovate, 35 mm. × 14 mm., 2.5× longer than wide; Inflorescence, in opposite axillary racemes; Sepals, 4; Corolla, radial, lobes 4, blue; Stamens 2, staminodes 0; Stigma entire; Fruit rounded (not notched).

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Coll. No. 1923, Veronica anagallis-aquatica

Photographed 6 December 2018.

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Plantaginaceae Veronica arvensis

Habit of Coll. No. 1344, Veronica arvensis

Photographed 12 May 2016.

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Coll. No. 1344, Veronica arvensis

Scanned 14 November 2016.

Coll. No, 1344, 12 May 2016, characters observed: Annual, to 6 cm., lightly glandular hairy throughout; Stem erect; Leaves, opposite, ±sessile, 6 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, oval; Pedicel, in flower, 0.8 mm., in fruit, 1.5 mm.; Bracts, 4 mm × 1.3 mm. wide, lanceolate; Flower, appear solitary in upper leaf axils, limb 4.5 mm.; Corolla, blue; Style, in flower, 0.6 mm., in fruit, 0.5 mm.; Fruit, 2 mm. × 2.5 mm., notched 0.4 mm., flattened. Differentiated from Veronica persica, V. biloba, and V. polita by: short pedicels, short styles, and reduced depth of the notch in the capsule. Differentiated from V. peregrina var. xalapensis (which has also been collected on top of North Table Mountain) by the relatively short inflorescence, blue color of the flowers, and broadness of the leaves.

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Fruit of Coll. No. 1344, Veronica arvensis

Photomicrograph 14 November 2016.

Coll. No, 1344, 12 May 2016, characters observed: Annual, to 6 cm., lightly glandular hairy throughout; Stem erect; Leaves, opposite, ±sessile, 6 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, oval; Pedicel, in flower, 0.8 mm., in fruit, 1.5 mm.; Bracts, 4 mm × 1.3 mm. wide, lanceolate; Flower, appear solitary in upper leaf axils, limb 4.5 mm.; Corolla, blue; Style, in flower, 0.6 mm., in fruit, 0.5 mm.; Fruit, 2 mm. × 2.5 mm., notched 0.4 mm., flattened. Differentiated from Veronica persica, V. biloba, and V. polita by: short pedicels, short styles, and reduced depth of the notch in the capsule. Differentiated from V. peregrina var. xalapensis (which has also been collected on top of North Table Mountain) by the relatively short inflorescence, blue color of the flowers, and broadness of the leaves.

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Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1344, Veronica arvensis

Scanned 14 November 2016.

Coll. No, 1344, 12 May 2016, characters observed: Annual, to 6 cm., lightly glandular hairy throughout; Stem erect; Leaves, opposite, ±sessile, 6 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, oval; Pedicel, in flower, 0.8 mm., in fruit, 1.5 mm.; Bracts, 4 mm × 1.3 mm. wide, lanceolate; Flower, appear solitary in upper leaf axils, limb 4.5 mm.; Corolla, blue; Style, in flower, 0.6 mm., in fruit, 0.5 mm.; Fruit, 2 mm. × 2.5 mm., notched 0.4 mm., flattened. Differentiated from Veronica persica, V. biloba, and V. polita by: short pedicels, short styles, and reduced depth of the notch in the capsule. Differentiated from V. peregrina var. xalapensis (which has also been collected on top of North Table Mountain) by the relatively short inflorescence, blue color of the flowers, and broadness of the leaves.

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1344, Veronica arvensis

Photographed 12 May 2016.

Very dense small group of plants in the hollow in the center of the photograph.

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Plantaginaceae Veronica biloba

Veronica biloba L.

Scanned 14 February 2013. Collected by Clyde Golden, 21 May 2012.

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Veronica biloba L.

Scanned 14 February 2013. Collected by Clyde Golden, 21 May 2012.

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Plantaginaceae Veronica peregrina xalapensis

Coll. No. 1172, Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis

Scanned 3 November 2015.

Coll. No. 1172, 25 Jun 2015, characters observed: Emergent aquatic herb, to 20 cm., probably annual, glandular hairy throughout; Leaves, opposite, sessile, 24 mm. × 6 mm. wide, oval, margin entire; Inflorescence, an elongated terminal raceme; Bracts to 12 mm, reduced above; Pedicel (in fruit) 0.6-1.0 mm.; Sepals, 4.5-5.0 mm., outer pair slightly larger; Flowers, small, corolla white; Capsule, 4.5 mm. × 5 mm. wide, notched 0.3 mm.; Style, very short, ±0.1 mm.

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Flowers of Coll. No. 1135, Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis

Scanned 10 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1135, 9 June 2015, characters observed: Annual herb to 18 cm., of very wet places, stem, bracts, and sepals lightly stalked glandular; Leaves, cauline, opposite, what appears to be alternate leaves above are really bracts of inflorescence; Inflorescence, appears to be flowers borne singly in leaf axils, but “leaves” are actually bracts in a terminal raceme; Bracts, 12 mm. × 1.8 mm., lanceolate, entire, tip rounded; Sepals, 4, 2.5 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, united at base in pairs, entire, persistent; Corolla, 2.8 mm., white, fused at base, lobes, 4, 2 mm., tips rounded; Ovary, 1 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, superior; Style, short, (0.1 mm.?), persistent; Stigma, entire, ball-shaped; Fruit, 3 mm. × 4 mm. wide, obovoid, in 2 parts; Ovules, many.

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Dissected flower of Coll. No. 1135, Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis

Scanned 10 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1135, 9 June 2015, characters observed: Annual herb to 18 cm., of very wet places, stem, bracts, and sepals lightly stalked glandular; Leaves, cauline, opposite, what appears to be alternate leaves above are really bracts of inflorescence; Inflorescence, appears to be flowers borne singly in leaf axils, but “leaves” are actually bracts in a terminal raceme; Bracts, 12 mm. × 1.8 mm., lanceolate, entire, tip rounded; Sepals, 4, 2.5 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, united at base in pairs, entire, persistent; Corolla, 2.8 mm., white, fused at base, lobes, 4, 2 mm., tips rounded; Ovary, 1 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, superior; Style, short, (0.1 mm.?), persistent; Stigma, entire, ball-shaped; Fruit, 3 mm. × 4 mm. wide, obovoid, in 2 parts; Ovules, many.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 1135, Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis

Scanned 10 October 2015.

Coll. No. 1135, 9 June 2015, characters observed: Annual herb to 18 cm., of very wet places, stem, bracts, and sepals lightly stalked glandular; Leaves, cauline, opposite, what appears to be alternate leaves above are really bracts of inflorescence; Inflorescence, appears to be flowers borne singly in leaf axils, but “leaves” are actually bracts in a terminal raceme; Bracts, 12 mm. × 1.8 mm., lanceolate, entire, tip rounded; Sepals, 4, 2.5 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, united at base in pairs, entire, persistent; Corolla, 2.8 mm., white, fused at base, lobes, 4, 2 mm., tips rounded; Ovary, 1 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, superior; Style, short, (0.1 mm.?), persistent; Stigma, entire, ball-shaped; Fruit, 3 mm. × 4 mm. wide, obovoid, in 2 parts; Ovules, many.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 1689.5, Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis

Scanned 28 June 2017.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Habitat of Coll. No. 1135, Veronica peregrina L. ssp. Xalapensis

Photographed 9 June 2015.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Poaceae Alopecurus carolinianus

Coll. No. 1689.3, Alopecurus carolinianus

Scanned 28 June 2017.

Orginally determined A. geniculatus, but the small size of the anthers is more suggestive of A. carolinianus.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Aliciella monoensis

Coll. No. 580 Aliciella monoensis near Adobe Hills Spillway.

Scanned 19 December 2013.

Coll. No. 580, 7 Jul 2009, characters observed: Annual, to 25 cm., tap-rooted; Short stalked glandular, sand encrusted; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal, 16 mm. × 3 mm. wide, cauline, alternate, simple, not bristle-tipped; Calyx, lobes 5, equal, tube 1.5 mm. + lobes 1.0 mm. = 2.5 mm.; Corolla, tube 2.5 mm. + throat 3.0 mm. + lobes 1.5 mm. = 7.0 mm., throat widened near mouth, lobes ovate-acuminate; Style, 3 mm., persistent; Fruit, ellipsoid; Seeds, not gelatinous when wet.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 580 Aliciella monoensis near Adobe Hills Spillway.

Scanned 19 December 2013.

Coll. No. 580, 7 Jul 2009, characters observed: Annual, to 25 cm., tap-rooted; Short stalked glandular, sand encrusted; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal, 16 mm. × 3 mm. wide, cauline, alternate, simple, not bristle-tipped; Calyx, lobes 5, equal, tube 1.5 mm. + lobes 1.0 mm. = 2.5 mm.; Corolla, tube 2.5 mm. + throat 3.0 mm. + lobes 1.5 mm. = 7.0 mm., throat widened near mouth, lobes ovate-acuminate; Style, 3 mm., persistent; Fruit, ellipsoid; Seeds, not gelatinous when wet.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Type of Aliciella monoensis

Article records that use this photograph:

  • A Checklist Flora of the Mono Lake Basin, Mono County, California and Mineral County, Nevada.: near Farringtons.

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Polemoniaceae Aliciella pinnatifida

Coll. No. 1741, Aliciella pinnatifida

Photographed 8 January 2018.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 1903, Aliciella pinnatifida

Photographed 25 November 2018.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Collomia linearis

Coll. No. 713, Collomia linearis

Microphotograph made 19 Nov 2011.

Calyx lobes that have become papery at upper left, capsule at lower left, and the three seeds that were in the capsule at lower right. Scale marks in millimeters.

Coll. No. 713, 19 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual; Stem simple, unbranched; Leaves linear, 20-25 mm; Calyx membrane 0, lobes growing with capsule, becoming papery with age; Corolla white, 6-9 mm;

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 713, Collomia linearis

Scanned 19 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 713, 19 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual; Stem simple, unbranched; Leaves linear, 20-25 mm; Calyx membrane 0, lobes growing with capsule, becoming papery with age; Corolla white, 6-9 mm.

Collection made near Sagehen Meadow, Mono County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Eriastrum diffusum

Coll. No. 616, Eriastrum diffusum

Scanned 29 Sep 2011. Grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Collection was made in Wildrose Canyon, Mono County, California.

Coll. No. 616, 27 June 2010, characters observed: Annual, to 10 cm.; Leaves, alternate, pinnately-lobed, lobes 5; Calyx, membrane not spout-like; Corolla, tube 6 mm. + throat 1 mm. + lobes 4 mm. × 1.8 mm. wide, lobes lavender, lobe tips > stamens; Stamens attached well below corolla sinus, unequal, exserted < ½ length of corolla lobes; Anthers exserted.

Location records that use this photograph:

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Eriastrum eremicum eremicum

Coll. No. 564 Eriastrum eremicum var. eremicum

Grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Collection made near Garlock, San Bernardino County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 285, Eriastrum eremicum near Pinto Mountain.

Photograph taken May 25, 2001 on the telephone road just south of Pinto Mountain.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 564Eriastrum eremicum var. eremicum

Grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Collection made near Garlock, San Bernardino County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Location of Collection No. 564, Eriastrum eremicum var. eremicum

Photograph taken April 25, 2009.

Location is near Garlock, on Garlock Road at Charley Road, San Bernardino County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 90, Eriastrum eremicum var. eremicum

Scanned 10 January 2013.

Collection made at Lobo Point, San Bernardino County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Eriastrum signatum

Coll. No. 481, Eriastrum signatum

The grid spacing is 1/4 inch.

Coll. No. 481, 27 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying; Annual, not glandular; Corolla lobes blue, throat 4 mm, lobes 1 mm; Stamens attached at corolla sinus, equal (differentiates from E. wilcoxi), exserted < 1/2 corolla lobes; Anthers exserted.

Collection was made at Coyote Spring, Mono County, Califoria.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 481, Eriastrum signatum

The grid spacing is 1/4" horizontally.

Coll. No. 481, 27 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying; Annual, not glandular; Corolla lobes blue, throat 4 mm, lobes 1 mm; Stamens attached at corolla sinus, equal (differentiates from E. wilcoxi), exserted < 1/2 corolla lobes; Anthers exserted.

Collection was made at Coyote Spring, Mono County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Eriastrum sparsiflorum

Coll. No. 117, Eriastrum sparsiflorum

Scanned 12 January 2013.

Top: corolla, showing stamens equal. Lower right: calyx, showing that two of the lobes are slightly larger than the other three. Lower left: bract, showing more lobes that than the leaves.

Collection was made at Lobo Point, San Bernardino County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 117, Eriastrum sparsiflorum

Scanned 12 January 2013.

Collection was made at Lobo Point, San Bernardino County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Eriastrum wilcoxii

Coll. No. 725, Eriastrum wilcoxii

Scanned 24 Oct 2011.

Collected at lower Rush Creek, Mono County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Collection No. 586, Eriastrum wilcoxii at Black Point.

Grid is 10 x 10 to the inch, scanned 11 April 2010.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Collection No. 586, Eriastrum wilcoxii at Black Point.

Grid is 10 x 10 to the inch, scanned 11 April 2010.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS005860oview.jpg

Coll. No. 725, Eriastrum wilcoxii

Scanned 24 Oct 2011.

Collected at lower Rush Creek, Mono County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS007250Infl.jpg

Polemoniaceae Gilia

Coll. No. 4.1, Gilia

Photographed 2 January 2013.

Keys like a large G. minor, but fine details of corolla throat markings have faded.

Collected at the southern end of the Woods Mountains, San Bernardino County, Califoria.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Gilia aliquanta aliquanta

Collection No. 451, Gilia aliquanta ssp. aliquanta, from the Mesquite Mountains

Scanned 21-Jan-06.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 451, Gilia aliquanta ssp. aliquanta

Scanned 11 January 2013.

Coll. No. 451, keyed 11 Jan 2013, characters observed: Annual, from stout taproot, to 15 cm.; Leaves basal and cauline, Basal leaves, pinnate lobed, sharp pointed, hairs non-glandular; Cauline leaves, different, terminal leaflet > lateral leaflet; Pedicel 1-8 mm. (with open flowers); Calyx 2.5 mm., nearly glabrous, some purple color (faded), fused membraneous, puffed (hard to see on pressed surfaces, look on unpressed sides of calices); Stamens = corolla lobes; Seeds >1 per chamber, light brown (greenish), gelatinous when wet.

Collected in the Mesquite Mountains, San Bernardino County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS004510Oview.jpg

Polemoniaceae Gilia brecciarum brecciarum

Coll. No. 774, Gilia brecciarum ssp. brecciarum

Photograph taken 20 June 2011.

Collection made between lobes of the Horshoe Canyon moraine, three miles north of June Lake, Mono County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/IMG_1979sm.jpg

Basal and mid-cauline leaf of Coll. No. 957, Gilia brecciarum ssp. brecciarum

Scanned on3 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 957, 22 May 2014, characters observed: Annual, tap-rooted, to 12 cm.; Stem, lower white cobwebby hairs below middle, branches spreading; Leaves, mostly basal, petiole 12 mm. + blade 14 mm. × 5.5 mm. wide, deeply pinnately-lobed, some lobes 2-pinnate, axis 1.7 mm. wide, lobes to 2.5 mm., tips pointed but not bristle-tipped, hairs eglandular, cauline, expanded lobed at base; Inflorescence, not dense, flowers not in heads, pedicelled, glands long- stalked; Calyx, tube 3 mm. + lobes 1.5 mm. = 4.5 mm., membrane narrow in flower; Corolla, radial, funnel-shaped, tube 2.5 mm. + throat 2 mm. + lobes 2 mm. = 6.5 mm., i.e., lobes < tube, white + purple + yellow with purple streaks + white/purple; Style, not persistent; Fruit < calyx; Seeds, 2 per chamber, ±green, gelatinous when wet.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS009570Lvs.jpg

Coll. No. 774, Gilia brecciarum var. brecciarum

Scanned 23 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 774, 23 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual 10-20 cm; Stem scapose (as opposed to leafy); Leaves basal 25 mm x 7 mm wide, deeply pinnately lobed, lobes pointed but not bristly, petiole winged, cobwebby hairs, not glandular, cauline reduced above, 6 mm, alternate, expanded at base, with glandular trichomes and few hairs; Infloresence open; Flowers in heads of 2-3; Calyx lobes equal, membranous between the segments; Corolla long funnelform not quite salverform, 10 mm, 2 x calyx, throat yellow, wider than tube, exserted from calyx, lobes < tube, pink at center to purple at edges; Seeds > 1 / chamber, gelatinous when wet.

Difficult to key, various keys will easily go to Aliciella leptomeria and Allophyllum giliodes, but repeated careful working led to Gilia brecciarum. Makes me think that all the collections of these three taxa in the Mono Basin should be reviewed.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS007740Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 957, Gilia brecciarum ssp. brecciarum

Scanned on Groundhog's Day, 2 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 957, 22 May 2014, characters observed: Annual, tap-rooted, to 12 cm.; Stem, lower white cobwebby hairs below middle, branches spreading; Leaves, mostly basal, petiole 12 mm. + blade 14 mm. × 5.5 mm. wide, deeply pinnately-lobed, some lobes 2-pinnate, axis 1.7 mm. wide, lobes to 2.5 mm., tips pointed but not bristle-tipped, hairs eglandular, cauline, expanded lobed at base; Inflorescence, not dense, flowers not in heads, pedicelled, glands long- stalked; Calyx, tube 3 mm. + lobes 1.5 mm. = 4.5 mm., membrane narrow in flower; Corolla, radial, funnel-shaped, tube 2.5 mm. + throat 2 mm. + lobes 2 mm. = 6.5 mm., i.e., lobes < tube, white + purple + yellow with purple streaks + white/purple; Style, not persistent; Fruit < calyx; Seeds, 2 per chamber, ±green, gelatinous when wet.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS009570Oview.jpg

Polemoniaceae Gilia cana

Collection No. 444, Gilia cana, from the Mesquite Mountains

Scanned 22-Jan-06.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Collection No. 444, Gilia cana, from the Mesquite Mountains

Scanned 22-Jan-06.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS004440.jpg

Coll. No. 444, Gilia cana

Scanned 11 January 2013.

Coll. No. 444, keyed 11 Jan 2013, characters observed: Annual from stout tap root, green, photosynthetic; Leaves alternate, largest 1 cm. wide, oblanceolate, pinnate-divided; Inflorescence open, not coiled, not unrolling, parts in 5s; Pedicels 1-3 mm., axillary pedicels > calyx; Calyx lobes 5, 3 mm., tips pointed but not bristly, lobes fused by thin translucent membrane; Corolla tube (purple) 6 mm., + throat (yellow, wider near mouth) 3 mm. + lobes (5, equal, truncate acuminate) 5 mm = 14 mm.; Ovary 1, entire, style clearly attached to top; Stigmas 3; Stamens 5, alternate, = corolla lobes, all fertile; Filaments free, fused to corolla at base of lobes; Seeds not gelatinous when wet (per Aliciella). must be gelatinous when wet and I did not recognize it.

Collection made near Winters Pass, Mesquite Mountains, San Bernardino County, CA.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS004440Oview.jpg

Polemoniaceae Gilia inconspicua

Coll. No. 391, Gilia inconspicua

Scanned 3 January 2013.

Collected near Magruder Mountain, Esmeralda County, Nevada.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 389, Gilia inconspicua

Scanned 3 January 2013.

Collected near Magruder Mountain, Esmeralda County, Nevada.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 389, Gilia inconspicua

Scanned 3 January 2013.

Collected near Magruder Mountain, Esmeralda County, Nevada.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Gilia ophthalmoides

Coll. No. 283, Gilia ophthalmoides

Scanned 4 Jan 2014.

Coll. No. 283, 24 April 2001, characters observed: Annual, to 10 cm.; Leaves, mostly basal, much reduced above, basal deeply pinnately lobed, cobwebby hairs, lobes bristle-tipped, cauline alternate, not clasping or expanded at base; Pedicel slightly glandular, adjacent pedicels unequal; Calyx membraneous between lobes, few glands and hairs, lobes not bristle-tipped; Corolla, tube 7 mm. + yellow throat 2 mm. + lobes 3 mm. = 12 mm.; Stamens, slightly exserted, not exceeding lobes; Fruit, ovoid, 4.5 mm.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS002830Oview.jpg

Polemoniaceae Gilia sp.

Gilia sp. above Lee Canyon in the Spring Mountains.

Elevation, about 9,000 feet.

Article records that use this photograph:

  • Nevada State Route 156: 33000.

        images/3201-52.jpg

Tiny Gilia found at Wild Horse Mesa.

Photograph taken April 24, 2001. My collection #283.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Ipomopsis aggregata

Collection No. 539, Ipomopsis aggregata, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Collection No. 539, Ipomopsis aggregata, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS005390det.jpg

Collection No. 539, Ipomopsis aggregata, in Wimmer Flat, San Rafael Swell, Utah.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS005390fl.jpg

Polemoniaceae Ipomopsis aggregata candida

Coll. No. 1228, Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. candida

Photographed 20 July 2015.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 1228, Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. candida

Scanned 15 December 2015.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Ipomopsis aggregata formosissima

Coll. No. 657, Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. formosissima

Scanned 9 Oct 2011. The description of this species states that the infloresence clusters are on one side of the axis. It looks to me like the infloresence clusters alternate sides of the axis.

Collected near Dry Creek, Mono County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 657, Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. formosissima

Scanned 9 Oct 2011.

Collected near Dry Creek, Mono County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Ipomopsis congesta congesta

Collection No. 582, Ipomopsis congesta ssp. congesta

Scanned 2 May 2010, grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS005820Fl.jpg

Coll. No. 618, Ipomopsis congesta at the Adobe Hills Spillway

Photograph taken 29 June 2010.

Location records that use this photograph:

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/IMGP0226sm.jpg

Collection No. 582, Ipomopsis congesta ssp. congesta

Scanned 2 May 2010, grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

One thing to see in this photo is that the leaves are pinnately-lobed (ssp. congesta) versus palmately-lobed (ssp. montana).

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 582, Ipomopsis congesta

Photograph taken July 7, 2009.

Location records that use this photograph:

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Ipomopsis polycladon

Coll. No. 283.1, Ipomopsis polycladon

Scanned 5 January 2013.

Collected near Cedar Canyon, San Bernardino County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS002831Oview.jpg

Polemoniaceae Langloisia setosissima

Collection No. 430, Langloisia setosissima var. setosissima

Collected in the Silver Peak Range, Esmeralda County, Nevada.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS004300oview.jpg

Collection No. 430, Langloisia setosissima var. setosissima

Collected in the Silver Peak Range, Esmeralda County, Nevada.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS004300det.jpg

Polemoniaceae Langloisia setosissima punctata

Lilac Sunbonnet (Langloisia setosissima ssp. punctata) at the Goldhammer Mine.

Photograph taken 24 April 2005.

Location records that use this photograph:

Article records that use this photograph:

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Collection No. 341, Langloisia setosissima var. punctata, lilac sunbonnet.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

Collection was made on the east side of the Winters Pass Hills.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS003410infl.jpg

Lilac Subbonnet (Langoisia setosissima ssp. punctata)

Photograph taken April 20, 2004, on a south slope of Winters Pass Hills.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/IMGP0376sm.jpg

Collection No. 341, Langloisia setosissima var. punctata, lilac sunbonnets.

Grid is 10x10 to the inch.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS003410oview.jpg

Polemoniaceae Leptosiphon aureus aureus

Golden Linanthus (Leptosiphon aureus ssp. aureus) at Lobo Point.

Photograph taken April 24, 2001. Golden Linanthus is common on flat, sandy areas.

Coll. No. 276, 24 Apr 2001, characters observed: Annual, to 10 cm.; Leaves, opposite, palmate compound; Flowers in small clusters; Pedicels, 6 mm.; Calyx, 5 mm., lobes 5, ±equal, 4 mm., membrane width ±equal lobe width; Corolla, mostly yellow, tube 2 mm. + purple/yellow throat 3 mm. + yellow lobes 6 mm. = 11 mm., no hairy ring; Filaments glabrous.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/0022_3291_2725_09.jpg

Coll. No. 276, Leptosiphon aureus var. aureus

Scanned 5 Jan 2014.

Coll. No. 276, 24 Apr 2001, characters observed: Annual, to 10 cm.; Leaves, opposite, palmate compound; Flowers in small clusters; Pedicels, 6 mm.; Calyx, 5 mm., lobes 5, ±equal, 4 mm., membrane width ±equal lobe width; Corolla, mostly yellow, tube 2 mm. + purple/yellow throat 3 mm. + yellow lobes 6 mm. = 11 mm., no hairy ring; Filaments glabrous.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS002760Oview.jpg

Polemoniaceae Leptosiphon ciliatus

Habitat of Leptosiphon ciliatus northeast of Reversed Peak.

Photograph taken 20 June 2011.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/IMG_1977sm.jpg

Habitat of Leptosiphon ciliatus northeast of Reversed Peak.

Photograph taken 20 June 2011.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Habitat of Leptosiphon ciliatus near Grant Lake Overlook.

Photograph taken 20 June 2011.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 773, Leptosiphon ciliatus, on Horseshoe Canyon Moraine.

Scanned 23 Jan 2012.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Coll. No. 773, Leptosiphon ciliatus, on Horseshoe Canyon Moraine.

Scanned 23 Jan 2012.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS007730Oview.jpg

Coll. No. 771, Leptosiphon ciliatus

Scanned 22 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 771, 22 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual 6-7 cm; Leaves cauline palmately lobed; Flowers in dense bracted heads; Bracts membrane to 1 mm wide compared to bract width 0.5 mm, white ciliate; Corolla salverform, tume 10-15 mm, long exserted, limb 6 mm, throat yellow, lobes lavender.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS007710Det.jpg

Coll. No. 771, Leptosiphon ciliatus, near Grant Lake Overlook.

Scanned 22 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 771, 22 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual 6-7 cm; Leaves cauline palmately lobed; Flowers in dense bracted heads; Bracts membrane to 1 mm wide compared to bract width 0.5 mm, white ciliate; Corolla salverform, tume 10-15 mm, long exserted, limb 6 mm, throat yellow, lobes lavender.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS007710Oview.jpg

Polemoniaceae Leptosiphon nuttallii

Typical appearance of Leptosiphon nuttallii on open slopes.

Photographed 22 June 2012, near Jordan Spring, Mono County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Habitat of Leptosiphon nuttallii near Jordan Spring.

Photographed 22 June 2012.

Location records that use this photograph:

Article records that use this photograph:

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Typical appearance of Leptosiphon nuttallii in forest edges.

Photographed 22 June 2012, near Jordan Spring, Mono County, California.

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Leptosiphon nuttallii nuttallii

Coll. No. 1470.1, Leptosiphon nuttallii var. nuttallii

Scanned 29 December 2016.

Coll. No. 1470.1, 29 June 2016, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 15 cm., woody at base; Leaves, well-developed, cauline, opposite, 3-lobed, lobes 12 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, soft, tip acute, some appearing spinulose; Inflorescence, head-like, not tomentose; Calyx, lobes, 8 mm. × 1.2 mm. wide; Corolla, white, tube 7 mm. + lobes 5 mm. × 3 mm. wide, limb 11 mm. wide.

Article records that use this photograph:

        images/TAS014701Oview.jpg

Polemoniaceae Leptosiphon nuttallii pubescens

Coll. No. 857, Leptosiphon nuttallii ssp. pubescens

Scanned 20 February 2013.

Location records that use this photograph:

Article records that use this photograph:

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Polemoniaceae Linanthus demissus

Desert Snow (Linanthus demissus) in the Mesquite Mountains.

Photograph taken 20 April 2005, in the Mesquite Mountains, about 100 meters northeast of Winters Pass. This is my collection number 440.

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Collection No. 440 from the Mesquite Mountains.

Scanned 22-Jan-06.

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Polemoniaceae Linanthus inyoensis

Coll. No. 766, Linanthus inyoensis

Scanned 20 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 766, 20 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 3 cm; Stem thread-like; Leaves basal opposite, cauline alternate; Infloresence in loose racemes; Pedicels 1-2 mm; Calyx 2.5 mm, membranous, rupturing as capsule matures, sparse gland-dotted hairs; Flowers 5 mm, 2 x calyx, (interior of flower glabrous, no pubesence or rings of hairs); Corolla funnel-form, 5 mm, tube and limb roughly equal; Stamens 5, equally inserted; Filament bases hard to see, but nothing hairy visible at base of flower; Pollen yellow.

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Coll. No. 766, Linanthus inyoensis

Scanned 20 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 766, 20 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 3 cm; Stem thread-like; Leaves basal opposite, cauline alternate; Infloresence in loose racemes; Pedicels 1-2 mm; Calyx 2.5 mm, membranous, rupturing as capsule matures, sparse gland-dotted hairs; Flowers 5 mm, 2 x calyx, (interior of flower glabrous, no pubesence or rings of hairs); Corolla funnel-form, 5 mm, tube and limb roughly equal; Stamens 5, equally inserted; Filament bases hard to see, but nothing hairy visible at base of flower; Pollen yellow.

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Polemoniaceae Linanthus pungens

Habitat of Linanthus pungens at Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010.

With Big Sagebrush, Bitterbrush (flowering yellow), and Jeffrey pine.

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Granite Prickly Phlox (Leptodactylon pungens), Collection No. 460

Photograph taken 25-Jun-07.

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Granite Prickly Phlox (Linanthus pungens), Collection No. 460.

Specimen Collected 25-Jun-05.

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Linanthus pungens at Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010.

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Polemoniaceae Loeseliastrum

Loeseliastrum on Furnace Creek Wash

Photograph taken 11-May-07.

We had some controversy in our group as to whether this was L. matthewsii or L. schottii.

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Polemoniaceae Loeseliastrum matthewsii

Desert Calico (Loeseliastrum matthewsii)

Photograph taken in May 1993 near Walker Pass, Kern County, California. This species also observed at Lobo Point.

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Loeseliastrum matthewsii in Freeman Canyon.

Photographed May 1993. Scanned 17 March 2018.

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Polemoniaceae Navarretia breweri

Coll. No. 791, Navarretia breweri

Scanned 31 Dec 2014.

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Coll. No. 791, Navarretia breweri

Scanned 15 Dec 2011.

Coll. No. 791, 15 Dec 2011, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 12 cm, prickly when dry; Stem branched, ascending, minutely puberulent glandular; Leaves pinnately lobed, needle-like, lobed to near base; Infloresence many flowers in heads, minutely glandular (not hairy like Eriastrum); Corolla yellow, narrow tube, 5 mm.

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Coll. No. 963, Navarretia breweri

Scanned on 8 Feb 2014.

Coll. No. 963, 22 May 2013, characters observed: Annual, to 6 cm., prickly, minutely glandular; Stem, branches ascending along stem (as opposed to branches just below terminal head); Leaves, alternate except at base, deeply pinnately lobed, lobed portion 7 mm. + terminal lobe 9 mm., few straight white hairs; Inflorescence, dense, flowers in groups of 4-6, sllightly hairy, not wooly; Outer bracts like leaves; Calyx, lobes unequal (3 long, 2 short), tapered, membrane narrow, not spout-like distally; Corolla, lobes yellow; Stamens, exserted.

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Polemoniaceae Phlox hoodii canescens

Coll. No. 399, Phlox hoodii var. canescens

Scanned 4 January 2013.

West side of Magruder Mountain, Esmeralda County, Nevada.

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Polemoniaceae Phlox multiflora

Coll. No. 1653, Phlox multiflora

Scanned 9 December 2017.

Coll. No. 1653, 1 Jun 2011, characters observed: Perennial, tufted, decumbent to ascending, 7-10 cm.; Internodes, 8-9 mm.; Leaves, cauline, opposite, 23 mm. × 2 mm. wide, ±linear, sharp-pointed; Flowers, solitary at ends of stems, pedicels, 12 mm., hairy, calyx, tube 5 mm. + lobes 6 mm., sparsely hairy, hyaline membranes flat; corolla, tube 14 mm + lobes 11 mm. × 7 mm. wide, color (not recorded), fading blue.

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Coll. No. 1814, Phlox, tentatively determined as P. multiflora.

Photographed 10 May 2018.

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Polemoniaceae Phlox pulvinata

Phlox pulvinata at Forest Canyon Overlook

Photographed 24 September 2014.

(Syn: Phlox sibirica L. ssp. pulvinata (Wherry) W. A. Weber)

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Polemoniaceae Phlox stansburyi

Habitat of Phlox stansburyi in Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 2 July 2010.

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Polemoniaceae Phlox stansburyi stansburyi

Phlox stansburyi in the Mid Hills Campground.

Photograph taken April 21, 2004.

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Coll. No. 218, Phlox stansburyi var. stansburyi

Scanned 4 Jan 2014.

Coll. No. 218, 27 Apr 2000, characters observed: Perennial, subshrub, open, not matted or cushion-like, Stem, woody below, Leaves, mostly opposite, some alternate, simple, entire, 45 mm. × 3 mm. wide, lance-linear; Inflorescence, not head-like; Calyx, lobes equal, membrane ±keeled; Corolla, salverform, tube 11 mm. + lobes 6 mm. = 17 mm.; Anthers, 3 short, 2 long; Style, 5.5 mm.; Stigma, 1 mm.

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Coll. No. 99, Phlox stansburyi var. stansburyi

Scanned 1 January 2013.

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Polemoniaceae Polemonium viscosum

Coll. No. 1472, Polemonium viscosum

Scanned 29 December 2016.

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Polygonaceae Eriogonum caespitosum

Coll. No. 967, Eriogonum caespitosum

Scanned on 8 Feb 2014.

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Polygonaceae Persicaria pensylvanicum

Coll. No. 1730, Persicaria pensylvanicum

Photographed 6 January 2018.

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Polygonaceae Polygonum douglasii

Coll. No. 1718, Polygonum douglasii

Photographed 1 January 2018.

Coll. No. 1718, 28 Jul 2017, characters observed: Annual, to 35-40 cm., generally glabrous; Leaves, cauline, alternate, some sort of papery tissue at base of leaf that could be an ocrea, 20 mm. × 1 mm. wide, linear to narrowly lanceolate, adaxial sparsely pitted, margins revolute; Inflorescence, flowers borne singly in axils; Flowers, stipe-like base; Perianth, #5 (looked like 3 outer and 3 inner to me) 2.5 mm. × 1 mm. wide, outer, greenish with pink margins, inner, pink with green mid-vein; Stamens, #8 (I was able to count 6), 1.4 mm.; Filaments, winged below; Ovary, superior, 1 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide; Styles, #3, 0.3 mm.; Stigmas, 1 per style; Fruit, 2.5 mm., black.

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Coll. No. 1718, Polygonum douglasii

Scanned 1 January 2018.

Coll. No. 1718, 28 Jul 2017, characters observed: Annual, to 35-40 cm., generally glabrous; Leaves, cauline, alternate, some sort of papery tissue at base of leaf that could be an ocrea, 20 mm. × 1 mm. wide, linear to narrowly lanceolate, adaxial sparsely pitted, margins revolute; Inflorescence, flowers borne singly in axils; Flowers, stipe-like base; Perianth, #5 (looked like 3 outer and 3 inner to me) 2.5 mm. × 1 mm. wide, outer, greenish with pink margins, inner, pink with green mid-vein; Stamens, #8 (I was able to count 6), 1.4 mm.; Filaments, winged below; Ovary, superior, 1 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide; Styles, #3, 0.3 mm.; Stigmas, 1 per style; Fruit, 2.5 mm., black.

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Portulacaceae Calyptridium monospermum

Collection No. 583

Scanned 2 May 2010, grid is 10 x 10 to the inch.

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Portulacaceae Calyptridium roseum

Collection No. 746, Calyptridium roseum

Photograph taken 15 June 2011.

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Coll. No. 746, Calyptridium roseum

Scanned 8 Jan 2012.

Coll. No. 746, 8 Jan 2012, characters observed while keying: Annual; Leaves fleshy; Flowers on pedicels, 1-3 mm; Sepals2; Petals 2, white; Stamen 1; Anther yellow (TJM keys will say rose to pink, but they look yellow to me); Style absent; Stigma sessile; Capsule oblong.

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Portulacaceae Calyptridium umbellatum

Coll. No. 682, Calyptridium umbellatum

Scanned 3 Nov 2011. This specimen was partially dissected to show whether the infloresence was terminal (C. umbellatum) or axillary (C. monospermum). I can't really see that, but it is clear that there are multiple rosettes (C. umbellatum) rather than a single rosette (C. monospermum).

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Detail of Collection No. 559

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Collection Number 463, Calyptridium umbellatum

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Coll. No. 682, Calyptridium umbellatum

Scanned 3 Nov 2011. Specimen on left was partially dissected to show whether the infloresence was terminal (C. umbellatum) or axillary (C. monospermum). I can't really see that, but it is clear that there are multiple rosettes (C. umbellatum) rather than a single rosette (C. monospermum).

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Overview of Collection No. 559

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Portulacaceae Claytonia rosea

Coll. No. 1072, Claytonia rosea

Photographed 12 March 2015. Determination tentative. Not collected, very few plants in bloom.

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Portulacaceae Lewisia cotyledon

Lewisia cotyledon in my garden in Alameda.

Yes, they are growing in the strawberry pot on the left, as well as the glazed pots in the center of the photograph.

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Lewisia cotyledon in my garden in Alameda.

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Cliff Maids (Lewisia cotyledon) happily inhabiting a Strawberry pot.

This used to be one plant, but it caught some kind of rot. So I cut it up in little pieces, but then I didn't know what to do with 16 little pieces of Lewisia. A Strawberry pot was close at hand and pressed into service. These Lewisias seem to really like it. This photograph was taken at the end of August, 2000, when the plants were launching their second major bloom of the Summer.

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Portulacaceae Montia chamissoi

Habit of Montia chamissoi in Sagehen Meadow.

Photograph taken 5 July 2010.

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Coll. No. 795, Montia chamissoi

Scanned 29 Dec 2011.

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Primulaceae Androsace occidentalis

Coll. No. 1080, Androsace occidentalis

Scanned 13 June 2015.

Coll. No. 1080, 23 April 2015, characters observed: Annual, to 5 cm., inconspicuous, seen only while lying in grass to collect a sedge, non-glandular hairs branched, glands few; Leaves, basal, 8 mm. × 1.8 mm. wide, elliptic, slightly narrowed at base but not clearly petioled; Peduncle (scape?), 40 mm.; Bracts, 3.7 mm., elliptic; Pedicel, 6 mm.; Sepals, 4 mm., prominently 1-veined, but keel not apparent in dry specimen, papery where united (could be described as a calyx with lobes ±= tube); Corolla, <calyx, white.

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Primulaceae Androsace septentrionalis

Coll. No. 1468, Androsace septentrionalis

Scanned 31 December 2016.

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Details of the umbel of Coll. No. 1907, Androsace septentrionalis

Scanned 28 November 2018.

One thing to see is that the bracts subtending the umbel are lanceolate rather than ovate.

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Pronghorn

Pronghorn in the field.

Photographed 27 April 2016.

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Pteridaceae Pellaea bridgesii

Coll. No. 699, Pellaea bridgesii

Scanned 13 Nov 2011.

Coll. No. 699, 13 Nov 2011, characters observed while keying; Perennial terrestrial fern, to 15 cm; Fronds many, mono-morphic, once pinnate, underside glabrous; Pinnae flat (not recurved to cover sori), basal unlobed; Sori on margin of frond.

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Puzzles

A little puzzle found in a very difficult habitat.

Photographed 24 August 2012.

Rosettes of leaves, quite hairy, with acuminate tips.

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Ranunculaceae Anemone multifida multifida

Coll. No. 1475, Anemone multifida var. multifida

Photographed 28 December 2016.

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  • County Route 3, Lake County, Colorado.: at CR 3E.
  • Field Notes: