Eastern Mojave Vegetation A Bibliography on Great Basin Blue Sage (Salvia dorrii)  
 

Tom Schweich  

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Topics in this Article:
Introduction
Literature Review
Field Work and Methods
Results
Taxonomy, Distribution and Growth Habits
Anatomy and Physiology
Relationships to Soils and Other Plants
Life History
Succession
Insects, Diseases, and Other Pests
Discussion
Summary
Literature Cited
 (No Preface)

Literature Cited:
- Abrams, LeRoy, and Roxanna S. Ferris, 1944-1951.
- Bentham, George, 1829.
- Bentham, George, 1831.
- Briquet, John Isaac, 1894a.
- Briquet, John Isaac, 1894b.
- Britton, N. L., 1889.
- Clokey, Ira W., 1951.
- Cody, M. L., 1978.
- Cronquist, A., 1959.
- Curran, M. K., 1885.
- Epling, C. C., H. Lewis & P. H. Raven, 1962.
- Greene, Edward Lee, 1892.
- Hall, H. M., 1902.
- Heller, A. A., 1900.
- Hickman, James C. (Ed.), 1993.
- Kellogg, Albert, 1863.
- Kuntze, O. C. E., 1891.
- Lindley, John, 1831.
- Lloyd, Robert M., and Richard S. Mitchell, 1973.
- MacMahon, James, 1985.
- Martens, M. & H. Galeotti, 1844.
- McMinn, Howard E., 1939.
- Morefield, James D, 1988.
- Morefield, James D., Dean Wm. Taylor, and Mary DeDecker, 1988.
- Mozingo, Hugh N., 1987.
- Munz, P. A., 1927.
- Munz, P. A., 1935.
- Reveal, J. L., 1980.
- Rydberg, Per Axel, 1909.
- Sampson, Arthur W., and Beryl A. Jespersen, 1963.
- Strachan, Jeffrey L., 1982.
- Strachan, Jeffrey L., and James L. Reveal,, 1981.
- Taylor, Robin M., and Tina J Ayers, 2006.
- Twisselmann, E. C., 1967.
- Winegar, David, 1982.

Species Lists: Salvia dorrii  

Introduction

 

Full Size ImageSalvia dorrii flower.

Species Lists: Salvia dorrii  

 
 

Literature Review

 
 

Field Work and Methods

 

Other articles: Field Notes 20050528040
Full Size ImageMy plot at LoboPoint  

 

Other articles: Field Notes 20050528041
Full Size Image(Large-size Photo) My plot at LoboPoint  

 
 

Results

 
 

White 5

 

Full Size ImageVolume containing live leaves.  
White 5 is one plant that has maintained a nearly constant size since the plot was established.

Full Size ImageSalvia dorriiWhite 5 on May 28, 2005.  
 
 

White 9

 

Full Size ImageVolume containing live leaves.  
 
 

White 23

 

Full Size ImageWhite 23 in April, 2004  
 

Full Size ImageSalvia dorriiWhite 23 on May 28, 2005.  
Fairly sparse growth, few flowers.
 

White 24

 
 

White 30

 

Full Size ImageWhite 30 in April 1998  
 
 

White 33

 

Full Size ImageWhite 33 in May 2003  
White 33 in May 2003. Hopefully this plant is just dormant, rather than dead. However, notice all the little wildflowers around the Salvia dorrii.

Full Size ImageWhite 33 on April 21, 2004  
 
 

White 37

 
 

White 38

 

Full Size ImageSalvia dorriiWhite 38 on May 28, 2005.  
The stem of White 38 is split. Last year there were only a few interior leaves on the interior of the split on the north side. This year there is significant growth and good flowers on the north side.
 

White 40

 

Full Size ImageWhite 40 in April 1998  
 
 

White 41

 
 

White 48

 
   

Full Size ImageSalvia dorrii White 48 on May 28, 2005.  
 
 

White 49

 

Full Size ImageSalvia dorrii White 49 on May 28, 2005.  
There is just one stem growing with leaves. It can be seen at back left.
 

White 59

 

Full Size ImageWhite 59 in August 2002  
White 59 on August 31, 2002.

Full Size ImageWhite 59 in May 2003  
White 59 in May, 2003. The few leaves that remain are completely dried up.

Full Size ImageWhite 59 on April 21, 2004  
White 59 on April 21, 2004.
 

White 136

 

Full Size ImageMay 25, 2003  
White 36, on May 26, 2003. This was one of the few Salvia dorrii that had current year leaves.

Full Size ImageWhite 36 on April 21, 2004  
White 36 on April 21, 2004.

Other articles: Field Notes 20050528080
Full Size ImageWhite 136 on May 28, 2005.  

White 136 on May 28, 2005, the date that I renumbered White 36 to White 136.
 

White 159

 

Full Size ImageWhite 159 on May 28, 2005  
White 159 on May 28, 2005.
 

Yellow 13

 

Full Size ImageYellow 13 in August 2002  
The "Mirmul hole" in August 2002. No sign of the Mirabilis multiflora.

Full Size ImageYellow 13 in May 2003  
Yellow 13 in May 2003, with a Mirabilis multiflora growing behind it.

Full Size ImageYellow 13 on April 21, 2004.  
 

Full Size ImageMirabilis multiflora in my Salvia dorrii plot.  
 
 

Yellow 27

 

Full Size ImageYellow 27 on May 28, 2005.  
Yellow 27 on May 28, 2005.
 

Yellow 28

 

Full Size ImageS. dorrii growing shade of Opuntia acanthocarpa.  
April 1998

Full Size ImageYellow 28 in April 2001.  
April 2001

Full Size ImageYellow 28 in August 2002  
August 2002

Full Size ImageVolume containing live leaves.  
May 2003: Yellow 28 first attracted my attention because it is shaded by an Opuntia acanthocarpa. It reached it's maximum size in the El Niņo year of 1998. Since then its leaves have been smaller, and now it competes with three Eriogonum fasciculatum.
   
 

Yellow 31

 

Full Size ImageYellow 31 in April 1998  
In April 1998, this plant had 3 stems of Castilleja growing in the interior. In the photo you can also see last year's seed pods at the right.

Full Size ImageYellow 31 on April 21, 2004  
Yellow 31 on April 21, 2004

Full Size ImageYellow 31 on May 28, 2005  
 
 

Yellow 34

 

Full Size ImageYellow 34 on April 21, 2004  
 
 

Yellow 35

 

Full Size ImageYellow 35 on April 21, 2004  
Yellow 35 on April 21, 2004.

Full Size ImageYellow 35 on May 28, 2005.  
Yellow 35 on May 28, 2005
 

Yellow 40

 

Full Size ImageYellow 40 on April 21, 2004  
 

Full Size ImageYellow 40 on May 28, 2005  
Yellow 40 on May 28, 2005
 

Yellow 80

 
 

Yellow 83

 

Full Size ImageYellow 83 in August 2002  
 
 

Yellow 90

 

Full Size ImageYellow 90 in April 1998  
 
 

Taxonomy, Distribution and Growth Habits

 
 

Taxonomy

 
 

var. dorrii

Other articles: Bain Spring Road near Bailey Cyn
Full Size ImageSalvia dorrii inflorescence.
Full Size ImageSalvia dorrii infloescence.  

Collection of Salvia dorrii (Kellogg) Abrams var. dorrii by Christopher M. Moore on 03-Jun-2009 in Bailey Canyon, Washoe County, Nevada, 5 1/2 - 6 miles northwest of Virginia City, and about 3 miles southwest of Steamboat Springs. 39.3611°N, 119.7°W. Elev. 1933 m. in a wash between western Juniper and Pinyon (Collected by Chris at my request.)
Full Size Image
Salvia dorrii

Literature Cited:
- Welsh, Stanley L., et al., 1987.  

In Utah, the materials are assignable to ssp. dorrii, but some of the plants with nearly glabrous bracts from Washington County approach ssp. argentea (Welshetal1987).
 

Distribution

Details about the distribution of Salvia dorrii can be found in my page on "Distribution of Salvia dorrii."

Literature Cited:
- DeDecker, Mary, 1984.
- DeDecker, Mary, 1991.

Species Lists: Salvia dorrii  

In her Flora of the Northern Mojave Desert, DeDecker (1984) notes that var. dorrii is common and widespread, expecially on non-calcareous soils, up to 10,000 ft. Her 1991 account (DeDecker, 1991) notes that var. dorrii occurs in dry places, mostly on granitic or volcanic rocks, in desert scrub to subalpine zones, 4,000 - 10,500 ft (1,220 - 3,201 m).

Literature Cited:
- DeDecker, Mary, 1984.
- DeDecker, Mary, 1991.  

In Flora of the Northern Mojave Desert, DeDecker (1984) notes that plants in limestone mountains appear to be var. clokey and are found from 4,400 to 9,500 feet elevation. DeDecker's (1991) chapter in Flora of the White-Inyo Range notes that var. clokeyi is found on dry, calcareous slopes and flats, in desert scrub to subalpine zones, 6,000 - 10,000 ft (1,829 - 3049 m).

Literature Cited:
- Welsh, Stanley L., et al., 1987.  

In Utah, the species is found in Creosote bush, Joshua tree, blackbrush, shadscale, sagebrush, mountain brush, and pinyon-juniper communityes at 830-2350 m in Beaver, Iron, Juab, Kane, Millard, Tooele and Washington counties (Welsh, et al. 1987).
  A map of the distribution of the species in Utah is available from the Atlas of Vascular Plants of Utah.
 

Growth Habits

 

Full Size ImageS. dorrii growing shade of Opuntia acanthocarpa.  
 

Full Size ImageSalvia dorrii at the 9,000 foot level in the Spring Mountains  
 

Literature Cited:
- Comstock, J. P., T. A. Cooper, and J. R. Ehleringer, 1988.

Other articles: Summaries of Literature Patterns of Canopy Development and Carbon Gain

Species Lists: Salvia dorrii  

Comstock, Cooper and Ehleringer (1988) studies patterns of canopy development and carbon gain in nineteen warm desert shrub species. They found that Salvia dorrii does not have photosynthetic stems, and placed the species in the group that experiences little leaf die-back during drought.
 

Anatomy and Physiology

 
 

Roots and Other Belowground Parts

 
 

Stems

 
 

Leaves

 

Full Size ImageNode anatomy of S. dorrii.  
 
 

Flowers

 
 

Relationships to Soils and Other Plants

 
 

Relation to Soils

 

Full Size ImageS. dorrii with patches of microphytic soil.  
 
 

Plant Associates

 

Full Size ImageS. dorrii with hemiparasite Castilleja (red flowers).  
 

Literature Cited:
- Cody, M. L., 1986a.

Other articles: Summaries of Literature Vegetation of Caruthers Canyon

Locations: Chicken Water Spring. Mexican Water Spring.  

Cody (1986a) studied shrub spacing patterns at the Granite Mountains and in the Mid Hills. Cody's Mid Hills location is between Mexican Water Spring and Chicken Water Spring. S. dorrii was present only in his Mid Hills quadrats. There, S. dorrii tended toward a "clumped" distribution especially at a higher densities. The species tends to prefer itself, Opuntia ramosissima, and Hymenoclea salsola as neighbors, while avoiding Ericameria [Haplopappus] cooperi.

Literature Cited:
- Cody, M. L., 1986b.

Species Lists: Salvia dorrii  

Cody (1986b) expands on his previous report, showing root diagrams from his excavation of the roots of several dozens of shrubs. S. dorrii and Ericameria [Haplopappus] cooperi, which seem to avoid each other, both have spreading roots at various intermediate depths. On the other hand, Hymenoclea salsola, with which S. dorrii often associates, is taprooted.
 

Allelopathy

 
 

Competition

 
 

Life History

 
 

Germination

 
 

Seedling Establishment

 

Full Size ImageNine Salvia dorrii seedlings in my measured plot, Transect 5.  
 

Full Size ImageSeedlings in August 2002  
The same area of many seedlings as seen in August, 2002. I don't think (as of May 2003) that any of the seedlings have survived.

Full Size ImageSalvia dorrii seedling,  
 
 

Early Growth Stage

 
 

Establishment

 

Full Size ImageAn older Salvia dorrii in my measured plot, Transect 5.  
 
 

Dormancy

 
 

Flowering

 
 

Seed

 
 

Collecting Seed

 
 

Vegetation Reproduction

 
 

Succession

 
 

Grazing Effects

 
 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Pests

 

Other articles: Lobo Point Road 75000 Field Notes Coll. No. 176
Full Size ImageInsect galls(?) on Salvia dorrii leaves.
Full Size ImageWasps(?) pupating in Salvia dorrii

Species Lists: Salvia dorrii  

 
 

Discussion

 
 

Adaptation

 
 

The Species In An Ecosystem

 
 

Summary

 
 

Literature Cited

  A list of all literature cited by this web site can be found in the Bibliography.
  Abrams, LeRoy, and Roxanna S. Ferris. 1944-1951. Illustrated flora of the Pacific states. 4 vols.. Stanford, California.: Stanford University Press.. v. 1. Ophioglossaceae to Aristolochiaceae, ferns to birthworts.--v. 2. Polygonaceae to Krameriaceae, buckwheats to kramerias.--v. 3. Geraniaceae to Scrophulariaceae, geraniums to figworts.--v. 4. Bignoniaceae to Compositae, bignonias to sunflowers
  Bentham, George. 1829. Audibertia. Bot. Reg. 15: 1282.
  Bentham, George. 1831. Audibertia incana. Bot. Reg. 17: 1469.
  Briquet, John Isaac. 1894a. Questions de nomenclature. Bull. Herb. Boissier. 2: 4-88.
  Briquet, John Isaac. 1894b. Rectifications de nomenclature. Bull. Herb. Boissier. 2: 439-440.
  Britton, N. L. 1889. A list of plants collected at Fort Verde and vicinity and in the Mogollon and San Francisco Mountains, Arizona, 1884-1888, by Dr. E. A. Mearns, U. S. A. (with descriptions of new species). Trans. New York Acad. Sci. 8: 61-76.
  Clokey, Ira W. 1951. Flora of the Charleston Mountains, Clark County, Nevada. University of California Press. 24.
  Cody, M. L. 1978. Distribution of Haplopappus and Chrysothamnus in The Mojave Desert. I. Niche position and niche shifts on north-facing granitic slopes. American Journal of Botany. 65(10):1107-1116.
  Cody, M. L. 1986a. Spacing patterns in Mojave Desert plant communities: near-neighbor analysis. Journal of Arid Environments. 11: 199-217. {TAS}
  Cody, M. L. 1986b. Structural niches in plant communities. pp. 381-405 in Diamond, J., and T. J. Case (Eds.). Community Ecology. San Francisco: Harper & Row. {TAS}
  Comstock, J. P., T. A. Cooper, and J. R. Ehleringer. 1988. Seasonal patterns of canopy development and carbon gain in nineteen warm desert shrub species. Oecologia (Berlin). 75(3):327-335. {TAS} [Ecophysiology Lab, Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA]
  Cronquist, A. 1959. Labiatae. Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 17(4):247-280.
  Curran, M. K. 1885. List of the plants described in California, principally in the Proc. of the Cal. Acad. of Sciences, by Dr. Albert Kellogg, Dr. H. H. Behr, and Mr. H. N. Bolander: with an attempt at their identification. Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1: 128-151.
  DeDecker, Mary. 1984. Flora of the northern Mojave Desert, California. Berkeley, CA: Califonia Native Plant Society.. {TAS}
  DeDecker, Mary. 1991. Shrubs and Flowering Plants. pp. 108-241 in Hall, Clarence A., Jr.. Natural History of the White-Inyo Range, Eastern California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1991. {TAS}
  Epling, C. C., H. Lewis & P. H. Raven. 1962. Chromosomes of Saliva: section Audibertia. Aliso. 5: 217-221.
  Greene, Edward Lee. 1892. On certain Californian Labiatae. Pittonia. 2: 233-236.
  Hall, H. M. 1902. A botanical survey of San Jacinto Mountain. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 1: 1-140.
  Heller, A. A. 1900. Some changes in nomenclature. Muhlenbergia. 1: 1-8.
  Hickman, James C. (Ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press..
  Kellogg, Albert. 1863. Audibertia dorrii - (Kellogg). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 190.
  Kuntze, O. C. E. 1891. Revisio generum plantarum. 3 volumes. New York: G. E. Schechert.
  Lindley, John. 1831. Audibertia incana. Bot. Reg. 17: 1469.
  Lloyd, Robert M., and Richard S. Mitchell. 1973. A Flora of the White Mountains, California and Nevada. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  MacMahon, James. 1985. Deserts. The Audubon Society nature guides. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.
  Martens, M. & H. Galeotti. 1844. Enumeratio synoptica plantarum phanerogamicaram ab Henrico Galeotti in regionibus mexicanius collectarum. Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles. 11: 61-79.
  McMinn, Howard E. 1939. An Illustrated Manual of California Shrubs. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  Morefield, James D. 1988. Floristic Habitats of the White Mountains, California and Nevada: A Local Approach to Plant Communities. pp. 1-18 in Hall, Clarence A., Jr and Victoria Doyle-Jones, 1988. The Mary DeDecker Symposium, University of California, White Mountain Research Station.. Plant Biology of Eastern California.
  Morefield, James D., Dean Wm. Taylor, and Mary DeDecker. 1988. Vascular Flora of the White Mountains of California and Nevada: An Updated, Synonymized Working Checklist. pp. 310-364 in Hall, Clarence A., Jr and Victoria Doyle-Jones, 1988. The Mary DeDecker Symposium, University of California, White Mountain Research Station.. Plant Biology of Eastern California.
  Mozingo, Hugh N. 1987. Shrubs of the Great Basin. Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press.
  Munz, P. A. 1927. The southern California species of Salvia (including Ramona). Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 26: 17-29.
  Munz, P. A. 1935. A manual of southern California botany. Claremont California: Scripps Publishing Fund.
  Reveal, J. L. 1980. Intermountain biogeography--a speculative appraisal. Mentzelia. 4: 1-92.
  Rydberg, Per Axel. 1909. Studies on the Rocky Mountain flora--XX. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 36: 675-698.
  Sampson, Arthur W., and Beryl A. Jespersen. 1963. California Range Brushlands and Browse Plants. 1963. {TAS}
  Strachan, Jeffrey L. 1982. A revision of the Salvia dorrii complex (Lamiaceae). Brittonia. 34(2):151-169.
  Strachan, Jeffrey L., and James L. Reveal,. 1981. On the typification of Salvia dorrii (Lamiaceae). Great Basin Naturalist. 41(2):198-200.
  Taylor, Robin M., and Tina J Ayers. 2006. Systematics of Salvia pachyphylla (Lamiaceae). Madroņo. 53(1):11-24. {TAS}
  Twisselmann, E. C. 1967. A flora of Kern County. Wasmann J. Biol. 25: 1-395.
  Welsh, Stanley L., et al. 1987. A Utah Flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs. 9. {TAS}
  Winegar, David. 1982. Desert Wildflowers, Drylands of North America. Beaverton, OR 97075: Beautiful America Publishing Company. {TAS}
 

Appendix A -- Field Data

If you have a question or a comment you may write to me at: tas4@schweich.com I sometimes post interesting questions in my FAQ, but I never disclose your full name or address.  


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Date and time this article was prepared: 6/17/2017 2:16:28 PM