Eastern Mojave Vegetation U. S. Highway 395  
 

Tom Schweich  

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Topics in this Article:
Literature Cited
 (No Preface)
  Canada above ….
Washington below ….

 

   

Laurier

Beginning of US Highway 395.

 

   

Kettle Falls

 
  Junction: U. S. Highway 2

Other articles: US I-90 Exit 281  

Junction: U. S. Interstate 90, East.

 

 

Locations: Spokane.  

Spokane

 

Other articles: US I-90 Exit 220  

Junction: U. S. Interstate 90, West.

 

   

Pasco

 
  Bridge over Columbia River.

 

   

Kennewick

 
  Junction: U. S. Interstate 82, North.
  Washington above …
Columbia River
Oregon below …

 

   

Umatilla

Junction: U. S. Interstate 82, South.
  Stanfield, Oregon.

Other articles: US I-84 Exit 188  

Junction: US Interstate 84

US Highway 395 follows the route of I 84 from Stanfield to Pendleton, Oregon.

 

 

Other articles: US I-84 Exit 209

Locations: Pendleton.  

Pendleton

Junction: U. S. Interstate 84, East.

 

   

Mt. Vernon

 

 

   

John Day

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 20 062000  

Junction: US Highway 20, east to Idaho near Nyssa.

 

 

Other articles: Oregon Highway 78 at US Hwy 395

Locations: Burns.  

Burns

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 20 Riley  

Junction: US Highway 20, west to Bend, then Albany, and ultimately Newport, Oregon.

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Pavlik, Bruce Michael, 1985.
- Schwarz, Bob, 2005.

Locations: Alkali Lake. Alkali Lake Dunes. Horror Spring. Hutton Spring.  

Alkali Lake

Alkali Lake and Dunes, and Hutton Spring, to the west.

Bruce Pavlik's (1985) review of sand dune flora of the western United States included the Alkali Lake Dunes as its northernmost locality.

Hutton Spring, on the northwest margin of Alkali Lake, is the sole habitat of the Hutton tui chub, classified as a threatened subspecies by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

On the southwestern margin of Alkali Lake is a pretty messy chemical waste disposal site. About 25,000 drums of pesticide manufacturing waste were disposed of here in the late 1960s and 1970s. In 1976, the drums were crushed and buried in place in shallow trenches and fenced. Current analysis concludes that the site does not present a significant risk to the public or the environment.

Other articles: Oregon Route 140 n. of Lakeview  

Junction: Oregon Route 140, east in the direction of Denio, Nevada.

Other articles: Oregon Route 140 in Lakeview  

Junction: Oregon Route 140, west to Klamath Falls, and Medford.

 

   

Lakeview

 

 

   

New Pine Creek

Oregon above …
California below …
  New Pine Creek Winery
  Fandango Pass Road

Locations: Warner Mountains.  

North Warner Mountains to the east.

Other articles: California Highway 299 at US 395N  

Junction: California Highway 299, east, to Cedarville.

 

 

Other articles: California Highway 299 Alturas

Locations: Alturas.  

Alturas

Junction: California Highway 299, west to Redding, and ultimately Eureka, California.

Locations: Warner Mountains.  

South Warner Mountains to the east.

 

   

Likely

Home of the "Most Likely Café."
  Junction: Lassen County Road A3.

Other articles: California Highway 36 at US 395  

Junction: California Highway 36, west to Red Bluff, and ultimately Scotia on US Highway 101.

Susanville is 3 miles west on California Highway 36.

  Junction: Lassen County Road A3.

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Faulds, James E., Christopher D. Henry, and Micholas Hinz, 2005.

Locations: Honey Lake.  

Honey Lake

 

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Faulds, James E., Christopher D. Henry, and Micholas Hinz, 2005.

Locations: Fort Sage Mountains.  

Doyle

Fort Sage Mountains to the east

Literature Cited:
- Faulds, James E., Christopher D. Henry, and Micholas Hinz, 2005.

Locations: Seven Lakes Mountain.  

Seven Lakes Mountain to the east.

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Faulds, James E., Christopher D. Henry, and Micholas Hinz, 2005.

Other articles: California Highway 70 at US Hwy 395

Locations: Petersen Mountain.  

Hallelujah Junction

Junction: California Highway 70, west over Beckwourth Pass into Sierra Valley, the headwaters of the Feather River, and the northern terminus of California Highway 49.

Petersen Mountain to the east in Nevada.

Literature Cited:
- Wilusz, John P., 2002.  

California above…
Nevada below …

 

 

Other articles: Interstate 80 at US Hwy 395  

Reno

Junction: U. S. Interstate 80, west to San Francisco, or east across Nevada.

Other articles: Nevada Highway 431 at US Hwy 395 Nevada State Route 341 at US Hwy 395  

Junction:
  • Nevada State Route 341, known as Giger Grade, to Virginia City
  • Nevada Highway 431, the Mount Rose Highway.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 50 at US hwy 395 N  

Junction: U. S. Highway 50, east across central Nevada.

 

   

Carson City

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 50 at US hwy 395 N  

Junction: U. S. Highway 50, west to Lake Tahoe and Sacramento.

Other articles: Nevada Highway 88 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Nevada Highway 88, south to the Nevada-California border and California Highway 88, the Carson Pass highway.

Other articles: William M. Maule 1915 Field Notes in Minden

Locations: Minden.
Full Size ImageMaule House  

Intersection: 6th Street

 

 

Locations: Minden.  

Minden

 

 

 

Locations: Gardnerville.  

Gardnerville

 

Other articles: Field Notes in Gardnerville
Full Size ImageCarson Valley Museum and Cultural Center  

Carson Valley Museum and Cultural Center

Other articles: Leviathan Mine Road at US 395  

At the north end of Double Spring Flat:

Junction: Leviathan Mine Road, west, then south past the Leviathan Mine to California Highway 89.

Literature Cited:
- Unruh, Jeffrey, James Humphrey and Andrew Barron, 2003.

Locations: Double Springs Flat.  

Double Springs Flat

 

   

Holbrook Junction

From Holbrook Junction south to Sonora Junction, U. S. Highway 395 follows the course of the West Walker River.

Other articles: Nevada Highway 208 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Nevada Highway 208, east and then north to Yerington.

 

 

Locations: Topaz Lake.  

Topaz Lake

Topaz Lake is an artificial lake in the northwest corner of fault-bounded Antelope Valley.

Literature Cited:
- Wilusz, John P., 2002.  

Nevada above …
California below …

Other articles: California Highway 89 at US Hwy 395
Full Size ImageBeginning of CA Highway 89 at US Hwy 395.  

Junction: California Highway 89, over Monitor Pass, north on the west side of Lake Tahoe to Truckee, Lassen National Park, and ultimately to Mount Shasta.

Literature Cited:
- Noble, Donald C., David B. Slemmons, Marjorie KK. Korringa, William R. Dickinson, Yehya Al-Rawi, and Edwin H. McKee, 1974.

Locations: Tollhouse Flat.  

At Tollhouse Flat, on the east side of the West Walker River, is a reference section for the Tollhouse Flat Member of the Eureka Valley Tuff, as designated by Noble, et al. (1974).

 

 

Locations: Sweetwater Mountains.
Full Size ImageSweetwater Mountains from Leavitt Falls.  

Sweetwater Mountains

 

Locations: West Walker River.  

From Sonora Junction northward to Topaz Lake, U. S. Highway 395 follows the course of the West Walker River.

 

 

Other articles: CA Highway 108 at US Hwy 395  

Sonora Junction:

Junction: California Highway 108, west over Sonora Pass, to Sonora, Oakdale, and Modesto.

Locations: Fales Hot Springs.  

Fales Hot Springs, south of highway.

Other articles: Field Notes 4-Jun-06 near Bridgeport 4-Jun-06 near Bridgeport

Locations: By-Day Creek.
Full Size ImagePanorama of Bridgeport Valley  

Full Size Image
Bridgeport Valley, just west of Bridgeport
At the northwest edge of Bridgeport Valley, there is the Bridgeport Ranger Station on the north side of the highway, and a little road to a small hill labelled "heliport" that has a nice view of Bridgeport Valley.

Here I also found the Bridgeport Remote Automated Weather Station (RAWS). Current data can be obtained from: http://raws.wrh.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/roman/meso_base.cgi?stn=BPOC1.

This little road could be followed about 3/4 mile southwest to the mouth of By-Day Creek.

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Dohrenwend, J. C., 1982.

Locations: Bridgeport Valley.  

Bridgeport Valley

 

Other articles: Field Notes 4 Jul 2010
Full Size ImageBridgeport Ranch Rodeo  

 

 

 

Locations: Bridgeport.  

Bridgeport

 

Other articles: Field Notes 4 Jul 2010
Full Size ImageIndependence Day parade in Bridgeport  

 

Other articles: California Highway 182 at US Hwy 395

Locations: East Walker River.  

Junction: California Highway 182, north past Bridgeport Reservoir and down the East Walker River Canyon to the California - Nevada border.

U. S. Highway 395 crosses the East Walker River at Bridgeport.

Locations: Willow Springs.  

Willow Springs

Other articles: California Highway 270 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: California Highway 270 "Bodie Road".

Bodie is about 13 miles to the east.

Other articles: Field Notes 26 June 2007 near Dogtown
Full Size ImageView north on US Hwy 395 from Dog Town  

Other articles: Field Notes 26 June 2007 near Dogtown
Full Size ImageScenic Highway plaque at Dog Town  

Edge of a Dream: Eastern Sierra Scenic Byway plaque.

 

 

Other articles: Field Notes 26 June 2007 near Dogtown at Dog Town

Locations: Dog Town.
Full Size ImageDog Town Plaque  

Dog Town

Full Size Image
Dog Town
 

Other articles: Field Notes near Dog Town
Full Size ImageScenic Highway plaque at Dog Town  

Boom and Bust: Eastern Sierra Scenic Byway plaque.

Other articles: Field Notes Coll. No. 893
Full Size ImageColl. No. 893, Grindelia squarosa var. serrulata at Conway Summit.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 893, Grindelia squarrosa var. serrulata  

Location of Collection No. 893, Grindelia squarrosa var. serrulata.

Other articles: Virginia Lakes Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Virginia Lakes Road

Virginia Lakes is 6 miles to the southwest.

  East Walker River drainage and Bridgeport Valley to the north.

Other articles: Mono Lake Basin Flora at Conway Summit

Locations: Conway Summit. Mono Basin.  

Walker River basin above, to the north…
Conway Summit, elevation: 8143 ft., 2482 m.
Mono Lake basin below, to the south …

Locations: Mono Basin.  

Mono Lake basin to the south.

Other articles: Field Notes 4-Jun_06 near Conway Summit 4-Jun-06 near Conway Summit 14 Jun 2011 Mono Lake Basin Flora Introduction
Full Size ImagePanorama of Mono Lake near Conway Summit
Full Size ImageWest shoreline of Mono Lake.  

Full Size Image
Plaque for Mono Diggins at Vista Point
Mono Lake Vista

Other articles: Rattlesnake Gulch Road at US Hwy 395

Locations: Mono Diggins.  

Junction: Road to Rattlesnake Gulch, name of this road is unknown.

Other articles: Conway Ranch Road at US Hwy 395 Rattlesnake Gulch Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Conway Ranch Road

Other articles: Unnamed Road to US Hwy 395 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Unknown Road, west to cemetery and access to Copper Mountain.

Literature Cited:
- Dohrenwend, J. C., 1982.
- Anonymous, 2009.

Other articles: Field Notes near Copper Mtn

Locations: Copper Mountain. Copper Mountain. Jordan.  

Full Size Image
Copper Mountain from US Highway 395
Copper Mountain and its ridge form the north wall of Lundy Canyon.

Locations: Wilson Creek.  

Crossing Wilson Creek.

Other articles: Mill Creek Powerhouse Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Mill Creek Powerhouse Road

Other articles: California Highway 167 at US Hwy 395 north of Lee Vining Lundy Lake Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction:
  • Junction: California Highway 167, east in the direction of Bodie, and the Nevada border. Access to Mono Lake Drive and Mono City.
  • Lundy Lake Road, west up Lundy Canyon, past Lundy Lake to a trailhead.

Other articles: 2N03 at 395N  

Junction: Forest Road 2N03, "Old Hwy 395", runs just west of present day highway.

 

 

Locations: Mono City.  

Mono City

Street access to Mono City is by way of California Highway 167 and Mono Lake Drive.

Locations: Mill Creek.  

Crossing Mill Creek.

Literature Cited:
- California Department of Conservation, 2002.

Locations: Thompson Ranch.  

Thompson Ranch to the west of the highway.
  Junction: Thompson Road

Locations: Dechambeau Creek.  

Crossing Dechambeau Creek.

Other articles: 2N03 at 395S  

Junction: Forest Road 2N03, "Old Hwy 395", to the north crossing Dechambeau Creek and Mill Creek, just west of current alignment.

Other articles: Cemetery Road (FR 02N40) at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Cemetery Road (FR 02N40), to Mono Lake County Park, the Mono Lake Cemetery, and access to Mill Creek, Black Point, and Dechambeau Ponds.

 

 

Locations: Mono Inn.  

Mono Inn

Had the antelope for dinner; not bad. Good view of the lake.

Other articles: Field Notes 24-Jun-07 on US Hwy 395
Full Size ImageGrave of Adeline Carson Stilts  

Grave of Adeline Carson Stilts

In sight of this location is the grave of Adeline Carson Stilts, daughter of scout, guide, and explorer Kit Carson. Called "Prairie Flower" by her father, and considered to be his favorite child, she came to the gold site of "Mono Diggins'" with her husband in about 1858. She died in the winter of 1859, at the age of 21, at the home of her friends, known as the Wilson Ranch.

Dedicated September 8. 1974

Bodie Chapter, E Clampus Vitus

Mono County Board of Supervisors

Other articles: Field Notes 18 Jun 2012 Coll. No. 828, 18 Jun 2012 Coll. No. 829 Coll. No. 830, 18 Jun 2013 Coll. No. 831 Mono Lake Basin Flora n.w. shore

Locations: Mono Lake, northwest shore (as a col. locality).
Full Size ImageHabitat of Scrophularia desertorum  

Full Size Image
The Northwest Shore of Mono Lake.
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 829, Chaenactis douglasii var. douglasii.
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 829, Chaenactis douglasii var. douglasii
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 828, Scrophularia desertorum
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 830, Symphyotrichum campestre
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 831, Caulanthus sierrae
Just north of Tioga Lodge is a road (locked gate) up to the west.

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Anon., .

Other articles: Field Notes 25 Jun 2007 at Tioga Lodge Coll. No. 827 Coll. No. 983. Andy Thompson Ck Coll. No. 984. Coll. No. 985. Mono Lake Basin Flora at Tioga Lodge

Locations: Andy Thompson Creek. Hammond Station. Mono Lake Post Office. Tioga Lodge.  

Tioga Lodge

Full Size Image
Delta of Andy Thompson Creek.
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 983
Full Size Image
Tioga Lodge, site of former Mono Lake Post Office
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 983, Polypogon monspeliensis
Full Size Image
Three species of orchid found near Tioga Lodge
The present day Tioga Lodge was the location of Hammond Station, or "Hammonds," as well as the Mono Lake Post Office.

Many plant collections use this location as a point of reference.

Literature Cited:
- Tierney, Timothy, 2011.

Other articles: F. R. 01N108 at US 395 Field Notes Sunday, July 21st Mono Lake Basin Flora at Picnic Grounds

Locations: Mono Lake. Picnic Grounds.  

Full Size Image
Mono Lake near Picnic Grounds
Junction: Forest Road 01N108 "Picnic Grounds Road"

Other articles: Field Notes 24-Jun-07 at Picnic Grounds Beach
Full Size ImageMemorial Plaque for Sheriff James P. Dolan  

Near the Picnic Grounds is the memorial plaque for Sheriff James P. Dolan.

Sheriff James P. Dolan

In July of 1915, the peace and quiet of Mono County was shattered when Sheriff James P. Dolan died as the result of gunshot wounds received while attempting to apprehend two outlaws who had terrorized ranchers a short distance from this location.

Outraged by the shooting of Sheriff Dolan, the citizenry of Mono County quickly organized a Sheriff's posse which tracked the outlaws to a location near Mono Craters. Justice was served when both outlaws were killed in a shootout with possemen. A coroner's inquest determined "death caused by resisting arrest by duly constituted representatives of the sheriff's office."

Sheriff Dolan, the 15th lawman to serve that office since the formation of Mono County, made the ultimate sacrifice with the fearless determination which had been entrusted to him by the citizens of Mono County.

By Martin A. Strelneck

Sheriff-Mono County 1993

Other articles: Southwest Shore Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Forest Road 01N44 “Southwest Shore”, along the shore to to Test Station Road, crossing Lee Vining Creek.

Other articles: Mono Visitor Center Drive at US 395 Mono Lake Basin Flora at Forest Service Info Ctr
Full Size ImageMono Basin National Forest Scenic Area Visitor Center  

Junction: Forest Road 01N46 “Mono Visitor Center Drive”

Other articles: Field Notes 17 Jun 2012
Full Size ImagePinyons in Love; gusty winds blow pollen in the Pinyon groves above Lee Vining  

Great clouds of yellow "smoke," actually clouds of Pinyon pollen stirred up by gusty winds.

Full Size ImageEl Mono Hotel and Latte Da Coffee Café
Full Size ImageLooking north on US Highway 395  

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Gudde, Erwin G., 1969 (3rd Ed.).

Other articles: Field Notes 6 Oct 2000 at Lee Vining 5-Jun-06 in Lee Vining Mono Lake Basin Flora at Mono Lk Comm

Locations: Lee Vining.  

Lee Vining

Full Size Image
Mono Lake Committee building.
The town is named for Lee (Leroy) Vining of Laporte, Indiana, who came to California in 1852 in search of gold. Vining settled on the creek named for him and operated a sawmill (Gudde, 1969, p. 175).

Other articles: Field Notes 5-Jun-06 in Lee Vining
Full Size ImageDowntown Lee Vining.
Full Size ImageMono Market in Lee Vining  

Locations: Lee Vining Creek.  

Crossing Lee Vining Creek.

Other articles: California Highway 120 near Lee Vining  

Junction: California Highway 120, west through Yosemite National Park.

California Highway 120 follows the route of US Highway 395 for 4.8 miles to the south (below).

Other articles: Test Station Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Test Station Road, east to the south shore of Mono Lake, to South Tufa.

Other articles: F. R. 01N16 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Forest Road 01N16 “Horse Meadows Road”, generally west between the south moraine of Lee Vining Canyon, and Williams Butte.

Locations: Williams Butte.  

Williams Butte to the west

Other articles: Oil Plant Road at US Hwy 395 Rush Creek Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction:
  • Oil Plant Road, Forest Road 01N18 “Bohler Canyon”, to Farrington's.
  • Forest Road 01N50, “Rush Creek”.

Other articles: Field Notes 25 Jun 2007 near Farrington's

Locations: Williams Butte.
Full Size ImageWilliams Butte from US Hwy 395  

Williams Butte to the northwest.

Other articles: Field Notes 23 Sep 2006
Full Size ImageView southwest from US Highway 395  

View to the southwest of Parker Canyon and June Lakes Canyon.

 

 

Other articles: California Highway 158 at US Hwy 395  

North June Lake Junction

Junction: California Highway 158

Other articles: Field Notes Coll. No. 137 Coll. No. 139 Coll. No. 140, 22 Sep 1997

Locations: Rush Creek.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 140, Eriogonum davidsonii  

Crossing Rush Creek.

Other articles: California Highway 120 at US Hwy 395  

California Highway 120 follows the route of US Highway 395 for 4.8 miles to the north (up).

Junction: California Highway 120, east to Benton at US Highway 6.

Other articles: Field Notes 2-Aug-08 in Pumice Valley
Full Size ImageGrave of the Unknown Prospector  

Grave of the Unknown Prospector, dedicated in 2003. It seems to me, though, that before Caltrans rebuilt this intersection, the memorial at this site was the "Grave of the Unknown Fisherman."

Other articles: Forest Road 1S52 at US 395  

Junction: Forest Road 1S52.

Shown as 1S09 on the 2007 Motorized Vehicle Restrictions Map, listed as 01S52 and named as "West Portal Road" in the USFS Transportation data set, this road may have some relation to the "Old Mono Highway."

The first half-mile of this road does not carry the Forest Road designation, presumably because it is on the private property of the LADWP.

The junction with the current-signed "West Portal Road" is about 0.6 mi south.

Other articles: Inyo Forest Road 1S29 at US Hwy 395 West Portal Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction:
  • West Portal Road
  • Forest Road 1S29 "Grant Lake Cut-Off"

Aqueduct crosses under US Highway 395, road here also.

Other articles: Inyo Forest Road 1S32 at USHwy395  

Junction: Forest Road 1S32, south to North Loop Road near June Lake; also access to 1S31 to the Horseshoe Canyon Moraine.

Other articles: West Portal Road at US Hwy 395 N  

Junction:
  • Northbound US Highway 395 to West Portal Road

Other articles: West Portal Road at US Hwy 395 S  

Junction:
  • Southbound US Hwy 395 to West Portal Road

Other articles: Field Notes 23 Sep 06 at Vista Point

Locations: Aeolian Buttes.
Full Size ImageAeolian Buttes  

Junction: Forest Road 1S116

Vista Point.

Aeolian Buttes to the east, between the highway and Mono Craters.

Other articles: Inyo Forest Road 1S18 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Forest Road 1S35 "Punch Bowl Cutoff

 

 

Other articles: California Highway 158 at US Hwy 395

Locations: June Lake Junction.  

South June Lake Junction

Junction: California Highway 158, west to June Lake.

Other articles: Field Notes 13-Aug-08
Full Size ImageView north in US Highway 395 from Pumice Mine Road.  

Other articles: Forest Road 1S40 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: "Pumice Mine Road," Forest Road 1S40

Literature Cited:
- Bursik, M., C. Renshaw, J. McCalpin, and M. Berry, 2002.

Locations: Wilson Butte.  

Wilson Butte on west side of highway.

Other articles: Field Notes 19 Jun 2012

Locations: Airfield Flat.
Full Size ImagePanorama of Wilson Butte sand flat.  

Not-so-good photo of the little sand flat to the south of Wilson Butte. I stopped here to look for Astragalus monoensis since the type locality is described as "near Deadman Summit." I have already found the species in nearby "Airfield Flat," but I could not find it here, leading to the suggestion that "Airfield Flat" is the likely type locality.

Other articles: Field Notes 14-Aug-08
Full Size ImageWilson Butte from Glass Flow Road on the south side.  

Wilson Butte as seen from the south side near US Highway 395.

Other articles: Forest Road 02S10 at US395 Forest Road 1S05 at US Hwy 395  

Junction:
  • "Bald Mountain Road," Inyo Forest Road 1S05, turn northeast.

    You can take this road, and then Indiana Summit Road (1S06) as a short cut to Big Sand Flat on CA Highway 120. The distance is much shorter that taking CA Hwy 120 around to north end of the Mono Craters. The time required is about the same.

  • Inyo Forest Road 02S10 "Glass Flow", turn southwest.

    "Glass Flow" is a strange name for this road, as it turns north through the Hartley Springs campground, and avoids any actual glass flows.

Other articles: Field Notes 14-Aug-08 Mono Lake Basin Flora near Deadman Summit

Locations: Mono Basin.
Full Size ImageLooking north into the Mono Basin from Deadman Summit.  

Mono Lake basin to the north.

Other articles: Field Notes 14-Aug-08 Mono Lake Basin Flora near Deadman Summit

Locations: Deadman Summit.
Full Size ImageDeadman Summit in the southbound direction.  

Mono Lake basin above, to the north …
Deadman Summit. Elevation: 8041 ft.
Owens River basin below, to the south.

Other articles: Forest Road 02S11 at US395  

Junction: Forest Road 02S11 "Section 21 Timber", west exit from highway.

Other articles: Forest Road 02S03 at US Hwy 395

Locations: Airfield Flat.  

Junction: Forest Road 2S03 "Alpers Canyon"

"Airfield Flat" to the north. There was a airfield in the sand flat to the north. One source has it a WWI airfield. I kind of doubt that. WWII seems more likely to me. You can access Airfield Flat from Bald Mountain Road.

Locations: Deadman Creek.  

Crossing Deadman Creek

Other articles: Field Notes 14-Aug-08
Full Size ImageObsidian flow to west of US Highway 395  

Obsidian flow to west of highway.

Literature Cited:
- McNulty, Jennifer, 2004.
Full Size ImageSnow fences at Deadman Creek Road
Full Size ImageExperimental plot near Deadman Creek.  

Junction: Deadman Creek Road

Snow fences along US Highway 395 at Deadman Creek Road.

Watch for 1950s Caltrans-installed snow fences to the west. Fences were constructed upwind to keep wind-driven snow off the highway. Snow drifts build up along the eastern side of the fences, helping keep the road open with minimal plowing. The effects of higher and lower amounts of precipitation over time can be evaluated by looking at shrubs on either side of the snow fences. Near Deadman Creek, Michael Loik (UC Santa Cruz) and graduate students are studying simulations of increased and decreased snow depth scenarios as envisioned by some climate change models. Fluctuating snow depth results in variable soil moisture available for shrub and tree growth in the subsequent spring and summer, effects resonating through processes in the ecosystem such as litterfall, root growth, soil carbon storage, and soil nitrogen content. Their work on carbon, water, and nutrient fluxes driven by snow depth/melt timing in this system helps understand community-level responses to snow depth changes. Such responses include natural recruitment of Jeffrey and lodgepole pines (Pinus jeffreyi and P. contorta), as well as Great Basin sagebrush and antelope bitterbrush (Artemisia tridentata and Purshia tridentata) (McNulty, 2004).

Other articles: Field Notes 14-Aug-08
Full Size ImageBald Mountain from US Highway 395  

Bald Mountain and Lookout to the east of the highway.

Other articles: Field Notes 14-Aug-08
Full Size ImageUS Highway 395 just south of Crestview and Deadman Summit  

View north to Crestview and the final climb to Deadman Summit.

Other articles: Forest Road 2S07 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Owens River Road, Forest Road 2S07

Other articles: Mammoth Scenic Loop at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Forest Road 3S23, "Mammoth Scenic Loop", also known as the Mammoth Lakes Volcanic Escape Route.

Other articles: Field Notes 9 Sep 2011
Full Size ImageWoody-Fruited Evening Primrose (Oenothera xylocarpa) in Smokey Bear Flat  

Junction: Forest Road 3S04

Other articles: Field Notes 8 Sep 2011

Locations: Smokey Bear Flat.
Full Size ImageSmokey Bear Flat  

Smokey Bear Flat

Other articles: Old Highway 395 at US Hwy 395 N  

Junction: Old Highway 395, North

Literature Cited:
- Bureau of Land Management, 2005.

Locations: Basalt Canyon.  

Cross creek that drains Basalt Canyon to the west. Site of exploration for geothermal fluids to bring to Casa Diablo Hot Springs.

Locations: Casa Diablo Hot Springs.  

Casa Diablo Hot Springs and power plant to the east.

Literature Cited:
- Howald, Ann M., 1989.

Other articles: California Highway 203 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: California Highway 203, west to Mammoth Lakes and the Devils Postpile National Monument.

Other articles: Old Highway 395 at US Hwy 395 S  

Junction: Old Highway 395, South

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Greene, David C., Calvin H. Stevens, and James M. Wise, 1997.
- Lackey, Jade Star, and John W. Valley, 2004.

Other articles: Glossary wollastonite

Locations: Laurel Mountain.  

Laurel Mountain.

Laurel Mountain is one of the best-exposed paleohydrothermal systems yet studied. Lackey and Valley (2004) evaluated fluid flow during contact metamorphism that caused wollastonite growth in calcareous metasandstones at Laurel Mountain in the Mount Morrison pendant at the eastern margin of the Sierra Nevada batholith, California.

Other articles: Forest Road 2S07 at US Hwy395  

Junction: Hot Creek Hatchery Road or Owens River Road

This is the road that goes northeast along Hot Creek. Some maps show this as Owens River Road, others as Hot Creek Hatchery Road.

 

 

Locations: Long Valley Caldera.  

Long Valley Caldera

The U. S. G. S. operates a general information web site: Long Valley Caldera Location and Background Page

Literature Cited:
- Reynolds, Robert E., and David R. Jessey, 2009.

Other articles: Convict Lake Road at US Hwy 395

Locations: Convict Lake.  

Full Size Image
Convict Creek Moraines
Junction: Convict Lake Road

Field Trip Stop 2-5 "Convict Creek Moraines" of the 2009 Desert Symposium (Reynolds and Jessey, 2009).

Looking south toward Convict Lake, one can see a 900-foot-high ridge that is a gigantic lateral moraine separating Tobacco Flat to the south from Long Valley to the north. The moraine is thought to be of Tahoe age. On the right (west) side of the road is a massive Tioga moraine made up of a series of arcuate end moraines.

Other articles: Benton Crossing Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Benton Crossing Road
  Cross Convict Creek

Literature Cited:
- Orr, Bruce K., and Ann M. Howald, 2000.  

Junction: Mount Morrison Road, access to Sierra Nevada Aquatic Research Laboratory (SNARL).

A flora of SNARL has been published by UC Santa Barbara Museum of Systematics and Ecology (Orr and Howald, 2000).

Locations: McGee Mountain.  

McGee Mountain

 

 

Locations: Lake Crowley.
Full Size ImageLake Crowley and the White Mountains  

Lake Crowley

 

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Birkeland, P. W., R. M. Burke, and A. L. Walker, 1980.
- Reynolds, Robert E., and David R. Jessey, 2009.

Other articles: Maps 4 Apr 2009  

Big Pumice Cut

Full Size Image
Field Trip Day 2
Field Trip Stop 2-4, "Big Pumice Cut," of 2009 Desert Symposium (Reynolds and Jessey, 2009) Blackwelder (1931) first described the Sherwin till. This till is one of the oldest Pleistocene glacial deposits in the Sierra Nevada, exceeded in age only by the McGee till. Blackwelder believed that the Sherwin till was younger than the Bishop Tuff. However, Gilbert (1938) stated that the tuff is younger than the Sherwin till. Putnam (1960) studied the tilltuff at several localities including the Big Pumice Cut and concluded, as had Gilbert, that the Bishop tuff overlies the Sherwin till.

 

   

Tom's Place

 

Other articles: Notes Eriogonum kearneyi Tidestr. var. monoense (S.Stokes) Reveal  

Summit of Sherwin Grade.

Type locality of Eriogonum nodosum Small ssp. monoense S. Stokes, J. T. Howell #14362.

Other articles: Rock Creek Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Rock Creek Road, Owens Gorge Road

Literature Cited:
- Bureau of Land Management, 2007.
- Reynolds, Robert E., and David R. Jessey, 2009.

Other articles: Maps 4 Apr 2009

Locations: Owens River Gorge. Volcanic Tableland.  

Full Size Image
Owens River Gorge
Full Size Image
Field Trip Day 2
Volcanic Tableland to the north.

Owens River Gorge.

Field Trip Stop 2-3, "Owens River Gorge," of the 2009 Desert Symposium (Reynolds and Jessey, 2009) and LADWP Power Plant Middle Gorge. For comparison with Day 1 Cottonwood and Division Cr. plants, the Owens Gorge Power Plants are “triplets,” each generating 37.5 megawatts. The three plants operate simultaneously, and generate 100 megawatts. They also operate on aqueduct flow minus the water used in the Owens Gorge Fishery. About 120,000 acre feet of water goes through the plants each year, generating 225,000 megawatt-hours, enough for 200,000 homes. The penstock in Owens Gorge is eight feet in diameter.

  Junction: Pleasant Valley Dam Road and Saw Mill Road

Turn east here to access the Owens River Gorge.

Locations: Red Hill.  

Junction: Ed Powers Road, Red Hill is about one mile south.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 6 in Bishop

Locations: Bishop.  

Junction: U. S. Highway 6, north east to Tonopah and Ely, Nevada.

Other articles: Field Notes 17-Jul-05 at Bishop
Full Size ImageAn older house in Bishop  

Older house on the main street of Bishop.

Other articles: Field Notes 17-Jul-05 at Bishop
Full Size ImageJack's Restaurant, breakfast was pretty good.  

Jack's Restaurant. I had breakfast here once. It was pretty good.

 

 

Locations: Bishop.  

Bishop

 

Other articles: California Highway 168 at US Hwy 395 Poleta Road at US 395  

Junction:
  • California Highway 168, west and south to Bishop Creek and Lake Sabrina,
  • West Line Street

  • East Line Street, for about a 1/2 mile to the east, becoming Poleta Road.

Other articles: Warm Springs Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Warm Springs Road, west and east across the Owens River to the base of the White Mountains, access to Black Canyon.

Other articles: Glossary roof_pendant

Locations: Mount Tom.
Full Size ImageMt. Tom, 12 miles west of Bishop, Inyuo County, California  

Mount Tom is 12 miles west of Bishop. The dark rocks on the top of Mt Tom are Paleozoic metamorphic rocks that have been intruded by Mesozoic granite batholith.

Full Size ImageSouth rim of Long Valley, as seen from US Highway 395  
View of the south wall of the Long Valley Caldera.

Literature Cited:
- Manning, Sara J., 1989.  

At about this point, 8 miles north of Big Pine, Sara J. Manning investigated the relative effects os some biotic and abiotic factors on growth and productivity of two Owens Valley Shrubs: Happlopappus cooperi and Chrysothamus teretifolius (Manning, 1989).
  Keough Hot Springs

Locations: Klondike Lake.
Full Size ImageKlondike Lake  

Klondike Lake is located in an alkali sink north of Big Pine. Before 1986, the alkali sink was intermittently filled with water from the Owens River via the Big Pine Canal and the Lyman Ditch. Under the Klondike Lake Enhancement/Mitigation Project in 1986, the lake level has been maintained via water releases from the Big Pine Canal. The Mono Lake Committee lists Klondike Lake as one of the best water bird areas in the Eastern Sierra. The lake is heavily used for recreation on summer weekends, including swimming, water-skiing, sailing and windsurfing. The lake can be seen from US Highway 395, about two miles north of California Highway 168 in Big Pine. A cattle guard and information board mark the turnoff. Turn east onto an unmarked dirt road. There is a left turn lane from US Highway 395 if coming from the north.

Other articles: California Highway 168 at Big Pine  

Junction: California Highway 168, east over Westgard Pass and through Deep Springs Valley into Fish Lake Valley.

Other articles: Baker Creek Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Baker Creek Road

Other articles: Glacier Lodge Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: West Crocker Street, gives access to Glacier Lodge Road.

 

   

Big Pine

 

Locations: Big Pine Creek.  

Cross Big Pine Creek.

Locations: Crater Mountain.
Full Size ImageCrater Mountain, as seen from Klondike Lake  

Crater Mountain to the west.

Other articles: Fish Springs Road at Fish Sprs Rd  

Junction: Fish Springs Road, north end.
  To the west is the Fish Springs Fish Hatchery.
  To the west, across the alfalfa field, is the populated place of Fish Springs.

Other articles: Fish Springs Road at Fish Sprs Rd  

Junction: Fish Springs Road, south end.

Locations: Poverty Hills.  

Poverty Hills to the west of the highway.

Literature Cited:
- Stevens, Calvin H., and Tina Pelley, 2006.

Locations: Tinemaha Reservoir.  

Tinemaha Reservoir to east side of the highway.
  DeLorme's Northern California Atlas and Gazetteer above
37° North.
DeLorme's Southern California Atlas and Gazetteer below.
  Junction: Black Rock Springs Road

Locations: Sawmill Creek.

Species Lists: Frasera puberulenta  

Cross the channelized Sawmill Creek which is enroute to the Los Angeles Aqueduct. To the west is Sawmill Creek, Sawmill Meadow, Sawmill Lake, Sawmill Point, and Sawmill Pass. There are collections of Frasera puberulenta from Sawmill Creek, Sawmill Meadow, and Sawmill Pass.

Other articles: Tinemaha Road at US Hwy 3995  

Junction: Tinemaha Road
  Junction: Fort Independence Road

Literature Cited:
- Reynolds, Robert E., and David R. Jessey, 2009.

Other articles: Maps 4 Apr 2009
Full Size ImageField Trip Day 3  

Junction: Miller Street

Field Trip Stop 3-2 of the 2009 Desert Symposium (Reynolds and Jessey, 2009).

Look west-northwest at debris flow which came down north fork of Oak Creek.

  Cross Oak Creek
  Junction: Fish Hatchery Road

Other articles: Field Notes 16 Jul 2005 at Independence

Locations: Independence.
Full Size ImageSouthern Pacific #18 in Independence.  

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Austin, Mary Hunter., 1903.

Other articles: Onion Valley Road at US Hwy 395

Locations: Independence.  

Independence

Full Size Image
Mary Austin house in Independence on U. S. Highway 395.
Junction:
  • East Market Street,
  • West Market Street, which becomes Onion Valley Road at the edge of town.
The Mary Austin house is at 235 W. Market Street in Independence. Mary Austin wrote many books about the desert, the most well-known is The Land of Little Rain.

The Eastern California Museum is near the corner of West Market Street and Grant Street. It has a collection of eastern California minerals and mining equipment. It also has an excellent exhibit of Native American baskets and artifacts and reproductions of rock art. The life of Japanese-Americans interned at Manzanar is also exhibited.

Other articles: Mazourka Canyon Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Mazourka Canyon Road

Literature Cited:
- Kylander-Clark, Andrew R. C., Drew S. Coleman, Allen F. Glazner and John M. Bartley, 2005.  

Golden Bear Dike to the southeast.

The Golden Bear dike in the Sierra Nevada and the Coso dikes in the Coso Range crop out on opposite sides of Owens Valley, California, and strike roughly perpendicular to it. Neither dike reappears along strike across the valley. New data demonstrate that the dike sets are ca. 83 Ma in age, share nearly identical mineralogy and petrography, and intrude similar wall rocks including distinctive 102 Ma leucogranite. These data suggest that the dike sets were originally continuous and were offset dextrally by ~65 km. This displacement estimate is consistent with other recent estimates of total slip across Owens Valley. If faulting began during the Pliocene, the average slip rate was signifi cantly faster than the current rate. Alternatively, motion could have been episodic and have begun as early as the Late Cretaceous (Kylander-Clark, et al., 2005).

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Houston, Jeanne Wakatsuki, and James D. Houston, 1973.

Locations: Manzanar.
Full Size ImageManzanar.  

Manzanar

Manzanar was an one of ten internment camps where 110,000 people of Japanese ancestry were sent to live during World War II. Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston's 1973 book, Farewell to Manzanar, is a very readable account of one young woman's experience there.

Literature Cited:
- Bacon, Steven N., and Silvio K. Pezzopane, 2007.

Locations: Alabama Gates Paleoseismic Site.  

Alabama Gates Paleoseismic Site.

Bacon and Pezzopane (2007) excavated three fault trenches and one 2-m deep pit within about 10-20 m of each other along the north-striking fault trace near Alabama Gates.

Literature Cited:
- Dunne, George C., and J. Douglas Walker, 1993.

Locations: Alabama Hills.  

The northeastern portion of the Alabama Hills is composed of Jurassic arc-marginal volcanogenic sedimentary units that correlate with similar units in the southern Inyo Mountains (Dunne and Walker, 1993).

Literature Cited:
- Bacon, Steven N., and Silvio K. Pezzopane, 2007.

Locations: Quaker Paleoseismic Site.  

Quaker Paleoseismic Site.

Bacon and Pezzopane (2007) excavated four fault trenches within 20-50 m of one another along a 100-m length of the Owens Valley fault. Three stratigraphic pits, each 3-4 m in depth, were excavated on nearby geomorphic surfaces in order to map the unfaulted stratigraphy.

Literature Cited:
- Lee, Jeffrey, Joel Spencer, and Lewis Owen, 2001.
Full Size ImagePangborne Lane at US Hwy 395, location of paleoseismic investigation by trenching  

Junction: Panborne Lane

 

 

Locations: Lone Pine.
Full Size ImageMount Whitney.  

Lone Pine

I left Lone Pine early one May morning, bound for the Nelson Range and Hunter Mountain. The sun had just come up over the Inyo Mountains and was shining stongly. I pulled over just to take this picture.

Other articles: Whitney Portal Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Whitney Portal Road

Turn west here to visit the Lone Pine Fault.

Other articles: California Highway 136 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: California Highway 136, to California Highway 190 and Death Valley.

Locations: Carroll Creek.  

Carroll Creek.

Annie M. Alexander and Louise Kellogg collected Salvia dorrii on the mesa above Carroll Creek Canyon. Also accessible from Horseshoe Meadows Road.

 

 

Locations: Bartlett.  

Bartlett

 

Other articles: Field Notes 15-Jul-05
Full Size ImagePittsburgh Plate Glass Company at Bartlett, on Owens Lake.  

The margin of Owens Lake is lined with industrial plants in various states of decay.

Other articles: Field Notes 15-Jul-05

Locations: Cerro Gordo. Owens Lake.
Full Size ImageLooking across Owens Lake to Cerro Gordo.  

For 16 miles (26 km), US Highway 395 passes along the western shore of Owens (Dry) Lake.

Other articles: Cottonwood Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Cottonwood Road, Forest Road 17S01, west, a short way up Cottonwood Creek Canyon. This was the route by which Carl Purpus descended into Owens Valley in 1896.

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Reynolds, Robert E., and David R. Jessey, 2009.

Other articles: FAQ Bee Hive Charcoal Ovens Maps 4 Apr 2009

Locations: Cottonwood Charcoal Kilns.  

Cottonwood Charcoal Kilns

Full Size Image
Plaque at Cottonwood Charcoal Kilns
Full Size Image
Remains of adobe charcoal kilns.
Full Size Image
Field Trip Day 1
Colonel Stevens built a sawmill in upper Cottonwood Canyon to saw wood for the kilns. Timber was delivered to the kilns by a Y-shaped flume and “roasted" with minimum oxygen to produce charcoal, then carried by paddle-wheel steamship across Owens Lake to Swansea (see Day 3, Stop 3-8 MP 80.1). The Southern Pacific Mojave to Owens Valley railroad grade 500 feet to the east is marked by a culvert under the railroad grade (Reynolds and Jessey, 2009).

The historic plaque is at the highway; the kilns are about 1 mile east on a dirt road.

Literature Cited:
- Campbell, Kate, 2007.
Full Size ImageWater treatment plant near Cottonwood Creek.  

The Los Angeles Aqueduct Cottonwood Treatment Plant is west of the highway. At this location ferric chloride is injected into the water to coagulate Arsenic in the water. The dissolved Arsenic precipitates with the iron and is deposited in the inlet channel to Haiwee reservoir. The primary source of the Arsenic is thought to be the hot springs in Hot Creek, near Mammoth Lakes.

Locations: Cottonwood Creek.  

Crossing Cottonwood Creek

 

 

Other articles: CA Hwy 190 at Olancha

Locations: Olancha.  

Olancha

Junction: California Highway 190, east to Death Valley.

Literature Cited:
- Kylander-Clark, Andrew R. C., Drew S. Coleman, Allen F. Glazner and John M. Bartley, 2005.

Locations: Coso Range.  

Coso Range to the east.

The Golden Bear dike in the Sierra Nevada and the Coso dikes in the Coso Range crop out on opposite sides of Owens Valley, California, and strike roughly perpendicular to it. Neither dike reappears along strike across the valley. New data demonstrate that the dike sets are ca. 83 Ma in age, share nearly identical mineralogy and petrography, and intrude similar wall rocks including distinctive 102 Ma leucogranite. These data suggest that the dike sets were originally continuous and were offset dextrally by ~65 km. This displacement estimate is consistent with other recent estimates of total slip across Owens Valley. If faulting began during the Pliocene, the average slip rate was signifi cantly faster than the current rate. Alternatively, motion could have been episodic and have begun as early as the Late Cretaceous (Kylander-Clark, et al., 2005).

Literature Cited:
- Campbell, Kate, 2007.
- City of Los Angeles, 1908.
- City of Los Angeles, 1916.

Locations: North Haiwee Reservoir.  

North Haiwee Reservoir

Locations: Owens Valley.  

Owens Valley to the north …
Rose Valley to the south …

Literature Cited:
- City of Los Angeles, 1908.
- City of Los Angeles, 1916.

Locations: South Haiwee Reservoir.  

South Haiwee Reservoir
  Dunmovin

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Banerjee, Amlan, Mark Person, Albert Hofstra, Donald Sweetkind, Denis Cohen, Andrew Sabin, Jeff Unruh, George Zyvoloski, Carl W. Gable, Laura Crossey, and Karl Karlstrom, 2011.
- Reynolds, Robert E., and David R. Jessey, 2009.

Other articles: Maps 4 Apr 2009

Locations: Coso Junction.  

Coso Junction

Full Size Image
Coso Junction
Full Size Image
Field Trip Day 3
Field Trip Stop 3-10 of the 2009 Desert Symposium (Reynolds and Jessey, 2009).

View left (northeast) of white pumice mine cuts. The Sugarloaf perlite dome is to the southeast, along with cinder cones of the Coso Volcanic Field. The Coso Geothermal Field hosts a power-generating project in continuous operation for two decades. In 2002, four geothermal power plants were located in the main production area, constructed from 1987 through 1990. Turbine-generator sets are operated by steam; the geothermal system is heated by magma that has been migrating upward from a depth of 10 km to as shallow as 5 km. This near-surface system is evidenced by hot springs, mud pots, mud volcanoes, and fumaroles.

Banerjee, et al. (2011) assessed the relative importance of deeply circulating meteoric water and direct mantle fluid inputs on near-surface 3He/4He anomalies reported at the Coso and Beowawe geothermal fields of the western United States. The depth of meteoric fluid circulation is a critical factor that controls the temperature, extent of fluid-rock isotope exchange, and mixing with deeply sourced fluids containing mantle volatiles. The influence of mantle fluid flux on the reported helium anomalies appears to be negligible in both systems. This study illustrates the importance of deeply penetrating permeable fault zones (10-12 to 10-15 m2) in focusing groundwater and mantle volatiles with high 3He/4He ratios to shallow crustal levels. These continental geothermal systems are driven by free convection, and fluid flow is guided by faults rather than topographic gradients.

 

 

Locations: Rose Valley.  

Rose Valley

 

 

 

Locations: Red Hill.
Full Size ImageRed Hill along US Hwy 395  

Red Hill

 

Locations: Little Lake.  

Little Lake (lake)
  Little Lake (populated place)

Literature Cited:
- Reynolds, Robert E., and David R. Jessey, 2009.

Other articles: Maps 4 Apr 2009
Full Size ImageField Trip Day 1  

Junction: Little Lake Road

Turn west here to view the outcrop of columnar basalt at Field Trip Stop 1-3 of the 2009 Desert Symposium (Reynolds and Jessey, 2009).


Full Size ImageLooking North Along U. S. Highway 395 Near Nine Mile Canyon.  
Extreme northern end of Indian Wells Valley.
  Junction: Nine Mile Canyon Road
  Inyo County above …
Kern County below …

Other articles: California Highway 14 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: California Highway 14, south to Los Angeles.

 

 

Other articles: CA Hwy 178 at US Hwy 395

Locations: Inyokern.  

Inyokern

Junction: California Highway 178, east to Death Valley, or west over Walker Pass to Bakersfield.

Other articles: Searles Station Road 16000  

Junction: Searles Station Road

Other articles: Garlock Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Garlock Road, to Garlock and Red Rock Canyon via Redrock Randsburg Road and CA Hwy 14.

Full Size ImageUS Hwy 395 crosses Fremont Valley  
US Highway 395 crosses the extreme east end of Fremont Valley.

Other articles: Redrock Randsburg Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Redrock Randsburg Road, to Garlock and Red Rock Canyon via California Highway 14.

 

 

Locations: Johannesburg.  

Johannesburg

 
  Kern County above …
San Bernardino County below …

Other articles: Trona Road at US Hwy 395  

Junction: Trona Road

 

 

Locations: Red Mountain.  

Red Mountain

Red Mountain is the name of the mountain directly east of the highway. It is also the name of the small town located on US Hwy 395 about 23 miles north of Kramer Junction and 23 miles south of Ridgecrest. One of three active ghost towns in this immediate area: Randsburg, Johanesburg, and Red Mountain. Population 130 people.
  Junction: Red Mountain Road

Literature Cited:
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2008.  

The Kelly Mine and tailings pile is west of the highway. It has been investigated as a source of arsenic soil contamination in the yards of Red Mountain residences.

 

 

Locations: Atolia.
Full Size ImageSign for Atolia  

Atolia

 

Locations: Red Mountain.
Full Size ImageRed Mountain to the east of US Highway 395  

Red Mountain to the north and east of the highway.

Full Size ImageSolar Electric Generating Systems
Full Size ImageSolar Electric Generating Systems  
FPL Systems, Solar Electric Generating Systems.

 

 

Other articles: California Highway 58 in Kramer Jct

Locations: Kramer Junction.  

Kramer Junction

Junction: California Highway 58, west to Bakersfield and ultimately US Highway 101 near Santa Margarita, or east to Barstow.

Literature Cited:
- Linn, Jonathan K., J. Douglas Walker, and John M. Bartley, 2002.

Locations: Kramer Hills.  

Kramer Hills

Other articles: California Highway 18 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: California Highway 18

Other articles: Interstate 15 at US Hwy 395  

Junction: U. S. Interstate 15, south through San Bernardino to San Diego.

 

 

   

Literature Cited

  A list of all literature cited by this web site can be found in the Bibliography.
  Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2008. Evaluation of Soil Arsenic Concentrations at the Rand Historical Mining Complex, Kelly Mine Site, Red Mountain, San Bernardino County, California. Atlanta, Georgia: U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, September 29, 2008.
  Austin, Mary Hunter. 1903. The Land of Little Rain. Republished 1997.. The entire text of this book is also available at: UC Berkeley.
  Bacon, Steven N., and Silvio K. Pezzopane. 2007. A 25,000-year record of earthquakes on the Owens Valley fault near Lone Pine, California: Implications for recurrence intervals, slip rates, and segementation models. GSA Bulletin. 119(7/8):823-847. {TAS-pdf}
  Banerjee, Amlan, Mark Person, Albert Hofstra, Donald Sweetkind, Denis Cohen, Andrew Sabin, Jeff Unruh, George Zyvoloski, Carl W. Gable, Laura Crossey, and Karl Karlstrom. 2011. Deep permeable fault–controlled helium transport and limited mantle flux in two extensional geothermal systems in the Great Basin, United States. Geology. 39(3):195-198. {TAS-pdf}
  Birkeland, P. W., R. M. Burke, and A. L. Walker. 1980. Soils and subsurface rock-weathering features of Sherwin and pre-Sherwin glacial deposits, eastern Sierra Nevada, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 91: 238-244. {TAS}
  Bureau of Land Management. 2005. Basalt Canyon Geothermal Pipeline Project Environmental Assessment and Draft Environmental Impact Report. BLM EA Number: CA-017-05-51, California Clearinghouse Number 2003092101. Bishop, California: Bureau of Land Management, June 2005. {TAS}
  Bureau of Land Management. 2007. Desert Vegetation on the Tableland. Bishop, California: Bureau of Land Management, Updated 4-27-2007. {TAS-PDF} http://www.blm.gov/ca/st/en/fo/bishop/bouldering/vegetation_b.html
  Bursik, M., C. Renshaw, J. McCalpin, and M. Berry. 2002. A Volcanotectonic Cascade: Activation of Range Front Faulting and Eruptions by Dike Intrusion, Mono Basin-Long Valley Caldera, CA, USA. Journal of Geophysical Research. 108(B8):1-8. {TAS}
  California Department of Conservation. 2002. Mono County Ranch Management Tour. RCD Outlook. Resource Conservation District (RCD) Assistance Program. 2(2):2-3. {TAS-pdf}
  Campbell, Kate. 2007. Biochemical mechanisms of Arsenic mobilization in Haiiwee Reservoir sediments. Ph. D. dissertation. Pasadena, California: California Institute of Technology, 2007. {TAS-pdf}
  Dohrenwend, J. C. 1982. Map Showing Late Cenozoic Faults in the Walker Lake 1° By 2° Quadrangle, Nevada - California. Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1382-D. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey, 1982. {TAS-map}
  Dunne, George C., and J. Douglas Walker. 1993. Age of Jurassic volcanism and tectonism, southern Owens Valley region, east-central California. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 105(9):1223-1230.
  Faulds, James E., Christopher D. Henry, and Micholas Hinz. 2005. Kinematics of the northern Walker Lane: An incipient transform fault along the Pacific-NorthAmerican plate boundary. Geology. 33(6):505-508. {TAS-pdf}
  Greene, David C., Calvin H. Stevens, and James M. Wise. 1997. The Laurel-Convict fault, eastern Sierra Nevada, California: A Permo-Triassic left-lateral fault, not a Cretaceous intrabatholithic break. GSA Bulletin. 109(4):483-488. {TAS-pdf}
  Gudde, Erwin G. 1969 (3rd Ed.). California Place Names. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1969. {TAS}
  Houston, Jeanne Wakatsuki, and James D. Houston. 1973. Farewell to Manzanar. New York: Bantam Books.
  Howald, Ann M. 1989. Vegetation and Flora of the Mammoth Mountain Area. pp. 48-96 in Hall, Clarence A., Jr., Victoria Doyle-Jones, and Barbara Widawski. White Mountain Research Station Symposium. Natural History of Eastern California and High-altitude Research. Volume 3. Bishop, California: University of California, September 1989. {TAS-pdf}
  Kylander-Clark, Andrew R. C., Drew S. Coleman, Allen F. Glazner and John M. Bartley. 2005. Evidence for 65 km of dextral slip across Owens Valley, California, since 83 Ma. GSA Bulletin. 117(7/8):962-968.
  Lackey, Jade Star, and John W. Valley. 2004. Complex patterns of fluid flow during wollastonite formation in calcareous sandstone at Laurel Mountain, Mount Morrison Pendant, California. GSA Bulletin. 116(1/2):6.93. {TAS-pdf}
  Lee, Jeffrey, Joel Spencer, and Lewis Owen. 2001. Holocene slip rates along the Owens Valley fault, California: Implications for the recent evolution of the Eastern California Shear Zone. Geology. 29(9):819-822. {TAS-pdf} Panborne Lane, Lone Pine, California.
  Linn, Jonathan K., J. Douglas Walker, and John M. Bartley. 2002. Late Cenozoic crustal contraction in the Kramer Hills, west-central Mojave Desert, California. pp. 161-172 in Glazner, Allen F., Douglas Walker, and John M. Bartley, 2002. Geologic evolution of the Mojave Desert and southwestern Basin and Range. Memoir 195. Boulder, CA: Geological Society of America, 2002. {TAS}
  City of Los Angeles. 1908. Third Annual Report of the Bureau of the Los Angeles Aqueduct to the Board of Public Works. Los Angeles, California: Department of Public Service, City of Los Angeles, 1908. {TAS-pdf}
  City of Los Angeles. 1916. Complete Report on Construction of the Los Angeles Aqueduct. Los Angeles, California: Department of Public Service, City of Los Angeles, 1916. {TAS-pdf}
  Manning, Sara J. 1989. The Relative Effects of Some Biotic and Abiotic Factrors on Growth and Productivity of Two Owens Valley Shrubs: Happlopappus cooperi and Chrysothamnus teretifolius. pp. 21-34 in Hall, Clarence A., Jr., Victoria Doyle-Jones, and Barbara Widawski. White Mountain Research Station Symposium. Natural History of Eastern California and High-altitude Research. Volume 3. Bishop, California: University of California, September 1989. {TAS-pdf}
  Anonymous. 2009. Lundy. 2009 Newsletter. Mono County Historical Society. Bridgeport, CA: 2009. {TAS}
  McNulty, Jennifer. 2004. Climate change research focuses on precipitation levels. U. C. Santa Cruz Currents Online. Http://currents.ucsc.edu/03-04/04-26/precipitation.html.
  Noble, Donald C., David B. Slemmons, Marjorie KK. Korringa, William R. Dickinson, Yehya Al-Rawi, and Edwin H. McKee. 1974. Eureka Valley Tuff, East-Central California and Adjacent Nevada. Geology. 2(3):139-142. {TAS-pdf}
  Anon. . Tioga Pass Buried in 50 Ft. of Debris. Oakland Tribune. CLXIII(24):1. Oakland, CA: July 24, 1955.
  Orr, Bruce K., and Ann M. Howald. 2000. Part II. Sierra Nevada Aquatic Research Laboratory. A Flora of Valentine Eastern Sierra Reserve. MSE Environmental Report Number 16. Santa Barbara, California: University of California, Santa Barbara, 2000. {TAS-pdf}
  Pavlik, Bruce Michael. 1985. Sand dune flora of the Great Basin and Mojave deserts of California, Nevada, and Oregon. Madroño. 32(4):197-213. {TAS}
  Reynolds, Robert E., and David R. Jessey. 2009. Landscape Evolution at an Active Plate Margin. The 2009 Desert Symposium Field Guide and Proceedings. Fullerton and Riverside, Ca: Desert Studies Consortium, California State University and LSA Associates, Inc., April 2009. {TAS}
  Schwarz, Bob. 2005. Alkali Lake Chemical Waste Disposal Site. Fact Sheet -- July 2005. The Dalles, OR: State of Oregon, Department of Environmental Quality, July 27, 2005. {TAS} http://www.deq.state.or.us/wmc/cu/sites/AlkaliLake.htm
  Stevens, Calvin H., and Tina Pelley. 2006. Development and dismemberment of a Middle Devonian continental-margin submarine fan system in east-central California. GSA Bulletin. 118(1/2):159-170. {TAS}
  Tierney, Timothy. 2011. Geology of the Mono Basin, Revised 2010. Lee Vining, CA: Kutsavi Press, Mono Lake Committee, 2011. {TAS}
  Unruh, Jeffrey, James Humphrey and Andrew Barron. 2003. Transtensional model for the Sierra Nevada frontal fault system, eastern California. Geology. 31(4):327-330. {TAS-pdf}
  Wilusz, John P. 2002. The Colorful History of the California/Nevada State Boundary. Professional Surveyor. Pts. 1-2. (http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/row/landsurveys/Study_material/State_Boundaries/ca-nv-border-p1-2.pdf, date retrieved: 19 April 2016)
If you have a question or a comment you may write to me at: tas4@schweich.com I sometimes post interesting questions in my FAQ, but I never disclose your full name or address.  


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Date and time this article was prepared: 10/27/2017 8:37:07 PM