Eastern Mojave Vegetation Field Notes (Continued)  
 

Tom Schweich  

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Literature Cited
 When I first read the field notes of Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg, I was fascinated by the descriptions they wrote about the places they went and the plants and animals they found there. By publishing my field notes on the Internet I hope to follow a little bit in their tradition.

 

   

July, 2018

 

 

 

Locations: Kinney Run.  

Friday, July 7th

Illinois Avenue to Kinney Run

Other articles: Illinois Street at Deadman Gl
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1961, Solanum dulcamara
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1961, Solanum dulcamara  

1961  Field identification: Solanum triflorum

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Solanaceae

Solanum dulcamara L.  Climbing Nightshade.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. Streambed of Deadman Gulch at Illinois Avenue, between US Highway 6 and the Fossil Trace Golf Club, 2.03 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7379N, 105.2151W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1770 m. Flowers bluish-purple with a pair of yellow spots at the base of the corolla lobes. Growing in culvert at Illinois Avenue

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1961. 6-Jul-2018

Other articles: Illinois Street at Deadman Gl
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1962, Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani  

1962  Field identification: Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Cyperaceae

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla.  Softstem Bulrush.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. In Deadman Gulch, also euphemistically called Kinney Run, along Illinois Street between US Highway 6 and the Fossil Trace Golf Club, 2.15 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7368N, 105.2151W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1772 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1962. 6-Jul-2018

  1963  Field identification: Nyctaginaceae, later in the office: Mirabilis nyctaginea

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Nyctaginaceae

Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacMill.  Heartleaf Four O'Clock.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. Beside Deadman Gulch, also euphemistically called Kinney Run, along Illinois Street between US Highway 6 and the Fossil Trace Golf Club, 2.16 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7366N, 105.2152W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1782 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1963. 7-Jul-2018

  1964  Field identification: Scrophularia lanceolata

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Scrophulariaceae

Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh.  Lanceleaf Figwort.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. On the bank of Kinney Run, above its junction with Deadman Gulch, and near the Cambria Lime Kiln (historic site), 2.95 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7294N, 105.2151W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1812 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1964. 6-Jul-2018

  1965  Field identification: Scirpus pallidus

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Cyperaceae

Scirpus pallidus (Britt.) Fern.  Cloaked Bulrush.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. On a bank of Kinney Run, between the Cambria Lime Kiln and Tripp Ranch, 3.06 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7284N, 105.2149W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1817 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1965. 6-Jul-2018

  1966  Field identification: Ratibida columnifera

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl.  Upright Prairie Coneflower.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. West slope of the hogback on the east side of Kinney Run, between the Cambria Lime Kiln and Tripp Ranch, 3.19 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7274N, 105.2135W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1833 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1966. 6-Jul-2018

  1967  Field identification: Heterotheca villosa.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners.  Hairy False Goldenaster.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. West slope of the hogback on the east side of Kinney Run, between the Cambria Lime Kiln and Tripp Ranch, 3.20 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7273N, 105.2136W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1833 m. Var. minor if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1967. 6-Jul-2018

  1968  Field identification: Thistle, later in-office guess: Carduus nutans.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Carduus nutans L.  Nodding Plumeless Thistle.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. West slope of the hogback on the east side of Kinney Run, between the Cambria Lime Kiln and Tripp Ranch, 3.22 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7272N, 105.2136W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1833 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1968. 6-Jul-2018

  1969  Field identification: Solidago, maybe S. nana.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Solidago missouriensis Nutt.  Missouri Goldenrod.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. West slope of the hogback on the east side of Kinney Run, between the Cambria Lime Kiln and Tripp Ranch, 3.12 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.728N, 105.2137W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1832 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1969. 6-Jul-2018

Other articles: Kinney Run Trail near Eagle Ridge Drive
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1970, Clematis ligustifolia  

1970  Field identification: Lonicera, maybe L. morrowii Yikes! What a brain-fart!

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Ranunculaceae

Clematis ligusticifolia Nutt.  Western White Clematis.

Kinney Run, Jefferson County, Colorado. Beside Deadman Gulch, locally euphemistically called Kinney Run, between Eagle Ridge Drive and US Highway 6, 2.62 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7323N, 105.216W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1797 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1970. 6-Jul-2018

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Friday, July 13th

Ranson/Edwards
  1971  Field identification: Nasella viridula.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth.  Green Needlegrass.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.4 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 135 m. southwest onto a slightly dryer ridge above the road, 15.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8911N, 105.2638W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1950 m. Also here: Aristida purpurea and Bouteloua curtipendula.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1971. 13-Jul-2018

  1972  Field identification: Aristida purpurea.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Aristida purpurea Nutt.  Purple Threeawn.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.4 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 135 m. southwest onto a slightly dryer ridge above the road, 15.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8911N, 105.2638W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1959 m. Also here: Nassella viridula and Bouteloua curtipendula. Variety longiseta if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1972. 13-Jul-2018

  1973  Field identification: Helianthus pumilus

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Helianthus pumilus Nutt.  Little Sunflower.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.4 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 150 m. southwest onto a slightly dryer ridge above the road, 15.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8919N, 105.265W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1973 m. Also collected here: Eriogonum alatum.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1973. 13-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1973, 13 Jul 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm., tough, erect tap-rooted crown; Stem, green, scabrous-hispid (stiff multicellular hairs), eglandular; Leaves, alternate proximally, opposite distally, petiole, 7 mm., blade 93 mm. × 40 mm. wide, reduced distally, lanceolate, hispid, glandular, margins, entire, flat, tip, acute; Inflorescence, head enclosed by involucre, heads ±4 per stem, showy, >leaves; Peduncles, 10-20 mm.; Involucre, 10 mm. × 22 mm. wide, hemi-spheric; Phyllaries, in 3± series, 5-7 mm. × 3-3.5 mm. wide, stiff, tan to green, glabrous to scabrous, ciliate, and gland-dotted; Receptacle, flat to slightly convex, paleate; Palea, 8 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, ±8, tube 2 mm. + blade 14 mm. × 5 mm. wide, yellow with dark stripes, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 5.5 mm. + lobes 1 mm., yellow, open; Pappus, #2, scales, ±equal; Fruit, 4 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, color black, glabrous;

  1974  Field identification: Eriogonum alatum. Also Coll. No. 1975 nearby.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Polygonaceae

Eriogonum alatum Torr.  Winged Buckwheat.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.4 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 150 m. southwest onto a slightly dryer ridge above the road, 15.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8919N, 105.2651W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1976 m. Same as Coll. No. 1975

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1974. 13-Jul-2018

  1975  Field identification: Eriogonum alatum. Also Coll. No. 1974 nearby.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Polygonaceae

Eriogonum alatum Torr.  Winged Buckwheat.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.4 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 150 m. southwest onto a slightly dryer ridge above the road, 15.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.892N, 105.2648W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1972 m. Same as Coll. No. 1974.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1975. 13-Jul-2018

  1976  Field identification: Elymus elymoides

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey.  Squirreltail Grass.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.5 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 40 m. north into grassy field, 15.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8931N, 105.265W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1959 m. Subspecies brevifolius if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1976. 18-Jul-2018

  1977  Field identification: Monarda fistulosa

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Lamiaceae

Monarda fistulosa L.  Wild Bergamot.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.5 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 260 m. north, 15.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8951N, 105.2649W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1936 m. Bottom of a watercourse with tall willows; frequently occupied by resting elk.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1977. 13-Jul-2018

  1977.1  Field identification: Potentilla recta

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Potentilla recta L.  Sulphur Cinquefoil.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.5 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 260 m. north, 15.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8951N, 105.2649W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1936 m. Bottom of a watercourse with tall willows; frequently occupied by resting elk. Colorado Noxious Weed List B.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1977.1 13-Jul-2018

  1977.2  Field identification: Lysimachia sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Myrsinaceae

Lysimachia ciliata L.  Fringed Loosestrife.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.5 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 260 m. north, 15.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8951N, 105.2649W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1936 m. In the bottom of a small ravine with a trickle of runnng water; frequently used by resting elk.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1977.2 13-Jul-2018

  1978  Field identification: Schoenoplectus tabermontanae

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Cyperaceae

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla.  Softstem Bulrush.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.5 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 260 m. north, 16 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8952N, 105.2642W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1935 m. Site of a small reservoir now filled with sediment.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1978. 13-Jul-2018


Full Size ImageColl. No. 1979, Glyceria elata  
1979  Field identification: Agrostis gigantea, almost went with Torreyochloa pallida, but noticed the sheath was actually closed

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Glyceria elata (Rydb.) M. E. Jones.  Fowl Manna Grass.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.5 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 260 m. north, 16 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8952N, 105.2643W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1935 m. A few rhizomes observed. Site of a small reservoir now filled with sediment.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1979. 13-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1979, 13 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial grass, to 1.35 m., rhizomatous; Stem, herbaceous; Leaves, sheath, 13 cm., closed at least ⅔, ligule, membranous, auricles, absent, blade, 30 cm. × 4.5 mm. wide, flat; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, open panicle, 30 cm. × 25 cm. wide,; Spikelets, many, 5.5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, similar, borne singly, stalked, pedicels, 2-9 mm.; Compression, unremarkable; Disarticulation, between florets; Glumes, lower, 1.6 mm., veins, #1, upper, 2 mm., <lowest floret, veins, #1, membranous, awns, absent, tip, erose; Florets, 4-5 per spikelet; Lemma, 2.5 mm., >glumes, ovate, membranous, rolled, glabrous, veins, #7, prominent, parallel; Palea, 2 mm., <lemma; Cypsela, 1.4 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, brown.

See also Tim Hogan, Coll No. 2210, 1993-07-09, Lippencot Property, Bull Gulch east of railroad tracks, RM734389 and COLO453586.

  1980  Field identification: Agrostis stolonifera

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Agrostis gigantea Roth.  Redtop.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.5 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 260 m. north, 16 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8952N, 105.2644W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1935 m. Site of a small reservoir now filled with sediment.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1980. 13-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1980, 13 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial grass, to 95 cm., rhizomatous; Roots, fibrous; Stem, herbaceous; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated, sheath, 80 mm., open, glabrous, ligule, membranous, 4 mm., auricles, absent, blade, 70 mm. × 2 mm. wide, flat, scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, panicle, 15 cm. × 4 cm. wide, 5-7 branches; Rachis, not extended, sparsely scabrous; Spikelets, many, 2.3 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, similar, borne singly, pedicels, 0.7-2.0 mm., 1-flowered; Compression, unremarkable; Disarticulation, above the glumes; Glumes, lower, 1.8 mm., veins, #1, sparsely scabrous, upper, 1.8 mm., >lowest floret, veins, #3, obscure, ±parallel; Lemma, 1.7 mm., <glumes, membranous, veins, ≤3; Palea, 1.0 mm., <lemma; Anthers, #3, 1.2 mm.

  1981  Field identification: Muhlenbergia montana

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc.  Mountain Muhly.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.5 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then about 120 m. north, 15.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8937N, 105.2646W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1952 m. Open grassy field below what appears to be a small water diversion.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1981. 13-Jul-2018

 

   

Sunday, July 15th

 

Other articles: Alaska Street at 633 Alaska
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1982, Campanula glomerata
Full Size ImageLandscape that includes Campanula glomerata  

1982  Field identification: Enigmatus purpurea, office: Campanula glomerata “Genti Blue”
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 1982, Campanula glomerata

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Campanulaceae

Campanula glomerata L.  Dane's Blood.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 1.73 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Along the north fence. 39.7689N, 105.2328W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1808 m. Garden escapee from the front yard of 633 Alaska Street, where this plant is cultivated in the front yard.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2018, issued: Feb 23, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1982. 15-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1982, 15 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, 40-50 cm., spreading by underground stems; Leaves, basal, withered at anthesis, cauline, alternate, sessile, lanceolate-oblong, 110 mm. × 41 mm. wide, reduced above, setose, crenate; Inflorescence, appears head-like, but flowers in crowded axils subtended by a reduced leaf 35 mm. × 20 mm. wide; Bract, leaf-like, 6 mm. × 2 mm. wide, triangular, strigose, crenulate, ciliate; Calyx, tube 4 mm. + lobes 7 mm., narrowly acuminate, sparsely ciliate; Hypanthium, 3.5 mm.; Corolla, tube 11 mm. + lobes 5 mm., color purple; Stamens, #5, included; Filaments, scale-like, white, hairy; Anthers, 4 mm., yellow. Ovary, inferior; Style, 12 mm.; Stigma, 3-lobed;

 

 

Locations: North Washington Open Space.  

Thursday, July 19th

North Washington Open Space as a pre-walk for my field trip on Saturday, July 21st.

 

 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Friday, July 20th

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space as a pre-walk for my field trip on Sunday.
  1983  Field identification: Saponaria officinalis

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Caryophyllaceae

Saponaria officinalis L.  Bouncingbet.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. In the ditch beside Plainview Road, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, then 1.3 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, 15.45 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8911N, 105.2621W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1930 m. Colorado Noxious Weed List B.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2018, issued: Mar 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1983. 20-Jul-2018

 

   

Monday, July 23rd

Golden to Leadville
 

Other articles: CO Highway 91 at Fremont Pass

Locations: Climax. Fremont Pass.
Full Size ImageSmall interpretive exhibit about Climax at Fremont Pass.  

Climax
Full Size Image
Climax: Where Colorado History is Still Being Made
Full Size Image
Fremont Station Observatory
Full Size Image
Climax Interpretive Site
 

Other articles: Forest Road 134 near bottom

Locations: Chalk Creek.
Full Size ImageWonder what is buried here  

Collecting at Chalk Creek
Full Size Image
Collecting Locality, Coll. Nos. 1984-90
Full Size Image
Collecting Locality, Coll. Nos. 1984-90
 

Literature Cited:
- Greene, Edward L., 1901.

Other articles: Forest Road 134 near bottom
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1984, Lupinus argenteus var. rubricaulis  

1984  Field identification: Lupinus sp.

Plants of Colorado
Fabaceae

Lupinus argenteus Pursh var. rubricaulis (Greene) S.L. Welsh.  Silvery Lupine.

Chalk Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3548N, 106.2168W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3197 m.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1984. 23-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1984, 23 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 65 cm., caulescent, erect; Stem, not winged, Leaves, compound, stipules, free, 7 mm., linear, petiole, 30-32 mm., sparsely appressed hairy, blade, 65 mm. × 67 mm. wide, reduced above, leaflets, #7, 40 mm. × 11 mm. wide, oblanceolate, leaflets generally flat, some younger leaflets folded, adaxial sparse appressed hairy, more dense on mid-rib, abaxial glabrous; Inflorescence, raceme, 133 mm. × 23 mm. wide, many flowers (#34 observed), pedicels, 1.5-2.5 mm.; Calyx, asymmetric, tube 1.5 mm. + lobes 2.0 & 4.5 mm., gibbous rather than spurred; Flower, zygomorphic, banner, 7.5 mm., blue, without yellow spot, reflexed at 2/3, back, glabrous, wings, claw 2 mm. + blade 6.5 mm., white to blue, keel, 8 mm., glabrous, white to purple-black, tip, prominent erect; Ovary, 3 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide, glabrous; Style, persistent; Stigma, simple, glabrous; Fruit, 22 mm. × 6.5 mm. wide, flat, hairs, soft spreading. While this keys fairly easily to var. rubricaulis in Ackerfield (2015) and Welsh et al. (1993), neither mention red stems and petioles in Greene's (1901) original description. Rather they distinguish by the (lack of) folding of the leaflets and the habitat. Weber & Wittman (2012) do not treat varieties of L. argenteus.

LUPINUS RUBRICAULIS. Perennial, the tufted sterns slender, a foot high or more, simple, remotely leafy with rather small very slender-petioled leaves, both stem, petioles and, in part the leaves dark red-purple and sparingly and minutely silky-villous: leaflets about 7 or 8, cuneate-oblong or elliptical, unequal, the largest 1 1/2 inches long, the slender petioles much longer; stipules small, subulate: raceme sessile, 3 or 4 inches long, rather dense, the flowers scattered, middle-sized, pedicels and very gibbous calyx white-silky; corolla dark blue-purple, banner shortest of all the petals, the narrowly pointed falcate keel longest and naked: fruit not seen.

On moist slopes of Crested Butte, 6 July, n. 342; conspicuous by the dark purplish hue of the herbage, and in habit quite an elegant species.

Other articles: Forest Road 134 near bottom
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1985, Leptosiphon nuttalli subsp. nuttalli  

1985  Field Identification: Linanthus sp.

Plants of Colorado
Polemoniaceae

Leptosiphon nuttallii (Gray) J. M. Porter & L. A. Johnson ssp. nuttallii.  Nuttall's Linanthus.

Chalk Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3548N, 106.2168W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3197 m.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1985. 23-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1985, 23 Jul 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, from woody caudex, to 20 cm, erect; Leaves, opposite, connate at base, 26 mm. × 33 mm. wide, palmately cleft into 7-9 segments, segments, 3-20 mm. × 0.5-1.0 mm. wide, tips, spinulose; Inflorescence, dense head-like cluster, pedicels to 4 mm.; Calyx, 7.5 mm. × 2.2 mm. wide, narrow hyaline sinuses ±½; Corolla, tube 8 mm. + lobes 5 mm., white.

Literature Cited:
- Greene, Edward L., 1894.

Other articles: Forest Road 134 near bottom
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1986, Heterotheca pumila  

1986  Field identification: Heterotheca sp.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Heterotheca pumila (Greene) Semple.  Alpine False Goldenaster.

Chalk Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3548N, 106.2168W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3197 m.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1986. 23-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1986, 23 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, 12 cm.; Stem, purplish, short and long multicellular hairs, glandular; Leaves, cauline, alternate, well-distributed along stem, petiole, 10 mm., blade, 25 mm. × 4 mm. wide, reduced distally, oblanceolate, hairy and somewhat glandular, margin, entire, slightly revolute; Inflorescence, heads, 1 per stem, showy, >leaves; Involucre, 7 mm. × 10 mm. wide, bowl-shaped, glandulo-hispid; Phyllaries, 3+ series, 3.3-7 mm. × 0.6-1.2 mm. wide, prominent mid-vein, green center, scarious margins; Receptacle, epaleate; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #6-8, tube 4.5 mm. + blade 8.5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, yellow, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 4.5 mm. + lobes 0.5 mm., yellow, open; Pappus, many, 2 series, both ray and disk flowers, bristles, 0.9, 5.0 mm., barbelate; Cypsela, 2.5-3.0 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, brown, hairy.

16. C. pumila. Stems tufted, slender, 3 to 6 inches high, sparingly leafy below; the foliage mostly toward the summit and closely subtending the solitary sessile head: leaves 1 1/2 inches long, narrowly oblanceolate, tapering to a slender petiolar base, the apex mucronate: pubescence wholly hirsute, not dense: achenes hirsutulous: outer pappus conspicuous, unequal, varying upon the same achene from short and setulose to long and paleaceous. — High mountains toward the head[waters] of Bear Creek, in Middle Colorado, collected by the writer, in 1889.

Other articles: Forest Road 134 near bottom  

1987  Field identification: Campanula rotundifolia, determination tentative.

Plants of Colorado
Campanulaceae

Campanula rotundifolia L.  Harebell.

Chalk Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3548N, 106.2168W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3197 m.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1987. 23-Jul-2018

Other articles: Forest Road 134 near bottom
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1988, Erigeron subtrinervis
Full Size ImageFlower head of Coll. No. 1988, Erigeron subtrivervis  

1988  Field identification: Erigeron sp. or Symphyotrichum sp.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Erigeron subtrinervis Rydb. ex Porter & Britton.  Threenerve Daisy.
   Dup. Det. by David J. Keil (OBI), February 2019.

Chalk Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3548N, 106.2168W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3197 m. Variety spathulatum if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1988. 23-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1988, 23 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, 35-40 cm., rhizomatous; Stem, spreading hairy, thinning on older stem, without decurrent lines from leaf bases; Leaves, basal withered, cauline, alternate, petiole, proximal 28 mm., to absent mid- to distal-cauline, blade, 40 mm. × 7 mm. wide, 5.7× long as wide, reduced distally, lanceolate, entire, tips white spinulose only in the most distal leaves; Inflorescence, heads #4-8 per stem, showy, (nearly) flat-topped, >leaves; Peduncles, 25-50 mm.; Involucre, 7 mm. × 14 mm. wide, hemispheric; Phyllaries, 3+ series, ±equal, 7 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, green, with a purplish tip, margins, flat, scarious, tips, sinuous, acute; Flowers, of 2 kinds; Ray flowers, ±#100 (more than usually described), tube 3 mm. + blade 11 mm. × 1.4 mm. wide, blue, fertile (assumed, at least small stigmas seen); Disk flowers, many, tube 4 mm. + lobes 0.5 mm., yellow; Pappus, 2 series, on both ray and disk flowers, 0.5 mm. and 3.0 mm., bristles, barbellate; Cypsela, 2 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, compressed front to back, brown.

Other articles: Forest Road 134 near bottom
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1989, Potentilla pulcherrima
Full Size ImageRed-tipped glands in the inflorescence of Coll. No. 1989, Potentilla pulcherrima  

1989  Field identification: Potentilla sp.

Plants of Colorado
Rosaceae

Potentilla pulcherrima Lehmann.  Beautiful Cinquefoil.

Chalk Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3548N, 106.2168W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3197 m.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1989. 23-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1989, 23 July 2018, characters observed: Basal Leaves, petiole, 170 mm., blade, 55 mm. × 75 mm. wide, compound, palmate, leaflets, #7, 53 mm. × 16.5 mm. wide, cleft ½ for entire length, adaxial green sparse long unicellular hairs, abaxial silvery gray tomentose, Cauline Leaves, 4 per stem, alternate, reduced in size, stipules, large, 20 mm. × 7 mm. wide, ovate, entire; petiole, 18 mm., blade, 30 mm. ×. 34 mm. wide, leaflets, #5 or 7, 23 mm. × 9 mm. wide, lobed ⅓ to mid-rib entire length of leaflet, teeth, tiny dark tip; Inflorescence, 10-40 flowers, cymose, red-tipped glands on distal stems, petioles, and calyx. (These are said to be conspicuous but I never see them until I get to that couplet in the key.) Flowers, limb, 17 mm.; Petals, #5, 7.5 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, obovate, yellow; Anthers, 0.8 mm.; Ovary, many, glabrous; Style, 2.0 mm., emerging from near top of ovary, filiform to slightly tapered throughout; Achenes, 0.7 mm. × 0.5 mm. wide, tan, glabrous.

Other articles: Forest Road 134 near bottom
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1990, Helianthella quinquenervis  

1990  Field identification: Hymenoxys sp.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Helianthella quinquenervis (Hook.) A. Gray.  Five-Nerve Little Sunflower.

Chalk Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3548N, 106.2168W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3197 m.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1990. 23-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1990, 23 Jul 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 80 cm., rhizomatous; Stem, proximal glabrous to distal tangled multicellular hairy; Leaves, all cauline (some very proximally cauline), opposite, petiole, 35 mm., blade 110 mm. × 27 mm. wide, mid-cauline the largest, elliptic, entire, sparsely short hairy throughout, eglandular; Inflorescence, heads, 1 terminal, sometimes a smaller pair in upper axils, showy, >leaves, ±nodding; Peduncles (axillary), 70 mm.; Involucre, 15 mm. × 33 mm. wide, spheric; Phyllaries, 3± series, 28 mm. × 6 mm. wide, green flat, margin, ciliate; Receptacle, paleate; Palea, 11 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, scarious, soft; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #20-24, tube 5 mm. + blade 23 mm. × 6 mm. wide, yellow, sterile; Disk flowers, many, tube 1.5 mm. + throat 3 mm. + lobes 0.5 mm., throat expanding abruptly, yellow; Pappus, disk flowers only, two types, 1.0 mm. scales in an outer ring, 2.5 mm. #2 awn-like scales; Cypsela, 7.4 mm. × 3 mm. wide, obovate, compressed side-to-side, black, hairy.

Other articles: Colorado Highway 300 at hatchery

Locations: Leadville National Fish Hatchery.
Full Size ImageLeadville National Fish Hatchery  

Leadville National Fish Hatchery
Full Size Image
Leadville National Fish Hatchery
Full Size Image
View of Leadville across the valley from the Leadville National Fish Hatchery.
 

Locations: Leadville.
Full Size ImageEvening thunder shower in Leadville  

In Leadville. Dinner at Tennessee Pass Caf.
 

 

   

Tuesday, July 24th

Leadville to Aspen and return.
 

Other articles: CO-82 at Twin Lks

Locations: Twin Lakes.
Full Size ImageTwin Lakes Reservoir  

Twin Lakes
 

Other articles: CO-82 at Graham Gl Colorado Trans-Basin Water Transfer outlet

Locations: Graham Gulch.
Full Size ImageOutlet of Twin Lakes Tunnel.  

Graham Gulch
 

Literature Cited:
- Elliott, D. R., and D. L. Elliott, 1999.

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley

Locations: Brumley.  

Brumley
Full Size Image
View up-canyon from Brumley.
 

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1991, Astragalus alpinus
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 1991, Astragalus alpinus  

1991  Field identification: Lupinus sp.

Plants of Colorado
Fabaceae

Astragalus alpinus L.  Alpine Milkvetch.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5418W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1991. 24-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1991, 24 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, 15 cm., caulescent, sprawling; Leaves, compound, stipules, free, 4.5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, petiole, 35 mm., blade, 70 mm. × 10 mm. wide, leaflets, #23, 9.2 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, sparse white basifixed hairs; Inflorescence, raceme, #10 flowers, pedicels, 1 mm.; Calyx, tube 2.5 mm. + lobes 1.5 mm., hairs basifixed black appressed; Flower, zygomorphic, banner, 8 mm., white to blue, with prominent white and blue stripes in middle, reflexed at middle, back glabrous, wings, 7 mm., <keel, keel, 8 mm., tip blunt, glabrous throughout; Style, persistent, Stigma, round, glabrous; Fruit, 11 mm. × 2.3 mm. wide, stipitate, 2 mm., pendulous, hairs, basifixed black appressed.

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1992, Solidago multiradiata
Full Size ImageDistinctly ciliate petiole of Coll. No. 1992, Solidago multiradiata  

1992  Field identification: Packera sp.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Solidago multiradiata Aiton.  Rocky Mountain Goldenrod.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5418W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Proximal petioles winged and distinctly ciliate. Variety scopulorum A. Gray in Ackerfield (2015), but infraspecific names not recognized by FNANM. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1992. 24-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1992, 24 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, 18 cm., rhizomatous; Stem, proximal glabrous to distal glandular-hairy; Leaves, cauline, alternate, proximal petiole winged distinctly ciliate, distal apparently sessile (subclasping?), petiole, 40 mm., blade, 40 mm. × 10 mm. wide, narrowly oblanceolate, entire, margins, finely ciliate; Inflorescence, heads 15-20 per stem, not showy, triangular, >leaves; Involucre, 4 mm. × 7.5 mm. wide, ovoid; Phyllaries, #3± series, lower, slightly less than rest of involucre, few hairs similar to those on peduncles, mid-vein tan, body green, margin scarious, margins, flat, tip, acute; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #24-30, tube 2.5 mm. + blade 2.5 mm. × 1 mm. wide, yellow, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 3 mm. + lobes 0.7 mm., throat expanding, yellow; Pappus, many, well-developed capillary bristles, 3 mm., ±equal; Cypsela, 1 mm., brown, sparsely hairy.

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1993, Bromus ciliatus  

1993  Field identification: Bromus sp.

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Bromus ciliatus L.  Fringed Brome.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5419W. Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1993. 24-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1993, 24 Jul 2018, characters observed: Perennial grass, 30 cm., clumped; Stem, nodes and internodes hidden by leaf sheaths; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated; Sheath, >50 mm., closed, retrorse sparse long soft hairy, older sheaths persistent at base; Ligule, membranous, 0.5 mm., auricles, absent; Blade, 82 mm. × 3.6 mm. wide, margin, scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, panicle, 60-70 mm., 1-3 branches per node; Spikelets, #10-25, similar, borne singly, 12-20 mm. × 3-5 mm. wide; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, above the glumes, between florets; Glumes, lower, 5.8 mm., veins, #1, upper, 8.5 mm., veins, #3, ±parallel (definitely not strongly convergent); Florets, 6 per spikelet, at least lower bisexual, uppermost florets appear sterile with last floret wrapped inside lemma of penultimate floret; Axis, short hairy abaxially; Lemma, 9.5 mm. >glumes, lanceolate, membranous, short ascending soft hairy, thinning distally, awns, #1, 2.3-3.0 mm., attached near tip; Palea, 7.2 mm., <lemma, membranous, tan-brown, veins, green, ciliate; Stamens, #3. Anthers, 2.8 mm.; Achene, 4.5 mm., green, flattened.

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1994, Trisetum spicatum
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 1994, Trisetum spicatum  

1994  Field identification: Muhlenbergia sp.

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Trisetum spicatum (L.) K. Richt.  Spike Trisetum.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5418W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1994. 24-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1994, 24 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial, 20-40 cm., clumped, non-rhizomatous; Leaves, sheath, 55 mm., open, ligule, membranous, 1.5 mm., erose, auricles, absent, few wavy hairs around collar, blade, 70 mm., revolute, scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, contracted panicle, 90 mm. × 10 mm. wide, spikelets, many; Rachis, short soft hairy; Spikelets, many, 5 mm. × 1.8 mm. wide, similar, borne singly; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, between the florets; Glumes, lower, 4 mm. × 1 mm. wide, veins, #1, upper, 5.3 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, veins, #3, convergent, keeled, keels, scabrous, membranous, tip short-pointed (nearly awned), margins glabrous; Florets, 3 per spikelet, fertile florets, ≥#2; Rachilla, hairy abaxial, not extended; Callus, straight hairs; Lemma, 4.5 mm., ±=glumes, keeled, keel, scabrous, color, tan, veins, #5, obscure, margins, glabrous, tip, 2-forked, awns, #1, 4 mm., bent, attached just above the middle; Palea, 3.7 mm., <lemma, hyaline, keel, scabrous, veins, colorless, margin, glabrous, tip, bifid; Anthers, 1.2 mm.; Achene, 2.5 mm, tan.

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1995, Erythranthe tilingii  

1995  Field identification: Mimulus sp. s. l.

Plants of Colorado
Phrymaceae

Erythranthe tilingii (Regel) G.L. Nesom.  Tiling's Monkeyflower.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5418W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1995. 24-Jul-2018

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1996, Pedicularis groenlandica  

1996  Field identification: Pedicularis sp.

Plants of Colorado
Orobanchaceae

Pedicularis groenlandica Retz.  Elephanthead Lousewort.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5419W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1996. 24-Jul-2018

Literature Cited:
- Gray, Asa, 1863.
- Rydberg, Per Axel, 1897.

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley  

1997  Field identification: Packera sp., maybe P. crocata
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 1997, Packera crocata
Full Size Image
Coll. No. 1997, Packera crocata
Full Size Image
Inflorescence of Coll. No. 1997, Packera crocata

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Packera crocata (Rydb.) W. A. Weber & A. Love.  Saffron Ragwort.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5418W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1997. 24-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1997, 24 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, 30 mm., caudex, relatively long and stout; Stem, glabrous; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal, petiole, 60 mm., blade, 37 mm. × 16 mm. wide, oblong, entire, glabrous, tip, round, cauline, 20 mm. × 13 mm. wide, sessile, lanceolate, pinnately lobed, occasional bits of tomentum but definitely not tomentose; Inflorescence, heads #6 per stem, showy, >leaves, Involucre, 5 mm. × 11 mm. wide, spheric; Phyllaries, 1 equal series, 4 mm. × 1.2 mm. wide, green to purplish red, glabrous, margins, flat, tip, acute, short hairy; Receptacle, epaleate; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #12-14, tube 3 mm. + blade 7.4 mm. × 1.2 mm. wide, orange-red, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 4.5 mm. + lobes 0.5 mm., throat expanding gradually, orange; Pappus, many, well-developed, capillary bristles, 4 mm., ±equal; Cypsela, 1.4 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, compressed front to back, green, glabrous.

332. S. aureus, L. ? var. croceus. Middle Park &c. Both Dr. Parry (who has is as No. 405) and Mr. Hall note this as a form of the common S. aureus with copper-colored or saffron-colored flowers, and I cannot gainsay it, after reviewing a suite of specimens.
(Gray, Asa, 1863. Enumeration of the Species of Plants collected by Dr. C. C. Parry, and Messrs. Elihu Hall and J. P. Harbour, during the Summer and Autumn of 1862, on and near the Rocky Mountains, in Colorado Territory, lat. 39 - 41. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Volume 15. 1863. pp. 55-80. p. 68)

Senecio crocatus.

S. aureus var. croceus Gray, Proc. Acad. Phila. 1863: 68. 1863.

Not S. croceus DC.

This is well distinct from both the preceding and from S. aurus, differing in its smaller oval or obovate, coarsely and bluntly dentate, somewhat fleshy basal leaves, It represents S. obovatus of the East. It was collected in Montana by Mr. Flodman in the Little Belt Mountains, near the pass, no. 911.

(Rydberg, Per Axel, 1897 Rarieties from Montana.-III Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 24(6) pp. 292 - 299. p. 299.)

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1998, Achnatherum lettermanii
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 1998, Achnatherum lettermanii  

1998  Field identification: grass.

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Achnatherum lettermanii (Vasey) Barkworth.  Lettermans Needlegrass.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5418W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1998. 24-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1998, 24 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial, to 70 cm., clumped; Leaves, sheath, 80 mm., open, glabrous, ligule, membranous, 1 mm., auricles, absent, blade, 150 mm. × 1.7 mm. wide, revolute, sparsely scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, panicle, 100 mm. × 12 mm. wide, spikelets, many; Axis, not extended, glabrous; Spikelets, many, 6 mm. × 1 mm. wide, excluding awn, similar, borne singly, pedicels, 1.2-6.0 mm., 1-flowered; Compression, unremarkable; Disarticulation, above the glumes; Glumes, subequal, lower, 7 mm. × 1 mm. wide, veins, #1, upper, 6.5 mm. × 1.3 mm. wide, = lowest floret, veins, #3, rounded, membranous, tip, extended sharp soft point, not really an awn; Florets, 1 per spikelet, bisexual; Callus, 0.5 mm., pointed, but not sharp like other cogeners, short, straight, white hairs; Lemma, 4 mm., ≤glumes, ovate, color, tan, stiff but not hard, hairs, slightly longer and more dense distally than proximally, straight, longest 1.2 mm., color white, veins, #3, parallel, then converging at awn, tip, 2-forked, awns, #1, 17 mm., attached at end of lemma, scabrous, bent twice, twisted, terminal segment straight; Palea, 3.5 mm., <lemma, 87% length of lemma, membranous, hairy, hairs extending beyond tip, tip, entire, color, tan; Anthers, 1.4 mm.; Achene, 3 mm., green.

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 1999, Elymus trachycaulis
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 1999, Elymus trachycaulis  

1999  Field identification: grass

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Shinners.  Slender Wheatgrass.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5418W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 1999. 24-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 1999, 24 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial grass, 60 mm., clumped; Leaves, sheath, 85-115 mm., open, glabrous, margin of sheath glabrous, ligule, membranous, 0.5 mm., auricles, 0.5-1.0 mm., blade, 52-115 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide, flat to revolute, scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, 120 mm. × 8 mm. wide, panicle, single spikelets on alternating sides of rachis; Rachis, not extended, scabrous on margins, internodes, 3.2-3.5 mm.; Spikelets, many, 12 mm. × 2 mm. wide, similar, 1 per node, sessile, overlapping 5 mm.; Compression, unremarkable; Disarticulation, between florets; Glumes, lower, 8 mm., veins, #5, upper, 9 mm., <lowest floret, veins, #7-9; Florets, 3 per spikelet; Lemma, 10 mm., >glumes, lanceolate, rolled, scabrous, green, veins, #5, margins, scarious, tip, sharp-pointed, if an awn then 1 mm.; Palea, 7.5 mm., <lemma, membranous, keels, green and ciliate; Anthers, 1.0-1.3 mm.; Achene, 4.3 mm., green, hairy on blunt tip.

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2000, Castilleja sulphurea  

2000  Field identification: Castilleja sulphurea

Plants of Colorado
Orobanchaceae

Castilleja sulphurea Rydb.  Sulphur Indian Paintbrush.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5418W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2000. 24-Jul-2018

Other articles: CO-82 at Brumley
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2000.1, Swertia perennis
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2000.1, Swertia perennis  

2000.1  Field identification: Swertia perennis

Plants of Colorado
Gentianaceae

Swertia perennis L.  Felwort.

Brumley, Lake County, Colorado. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. 39.0895N, 106.5419W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3214 m. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2000.1 24-Jul-2018

Other articles: CO-82 at Cty Line

Locations: Independence Pass. North Fork Lake Creek.
Full Size ImageSawatch Range from Independence Pass  

Independence Pass
Full Size Image
Valley of North Fork Lake Creek from Independence Pass
Full Size Image
On Independence Pass before our descent into Aspen.
 
  Lost Man Ditch
 
  An abortive picnic lunch in proletariat-hostile Aspen.
It had to do with an employee of the Aspen Welcome Center yelling at me that I was going to get a ticket if I parked there more than 15 minutes from the moment that I drove into the lot. Some spots were signed for 15 minutes; others including one I chose were not. Helpfully the employee called the meter maid to explain to me that the 15 minute rule applied to all spots in the lot regardless of signage or lack thereof. When we left at about the 20-25 minute mark, the other eight cars in the lot had not moved nor were they ticketed.

Other articles: CO-82 at Independence

Locations: Independence.
Full Size ImageThe Ghost Town of Independence  

Independence
Full Size Image
Independence, Colorado.
 
  North Fork Lake Creek
 

Other articles: US Highway 24 at narrows
Full Size ImageRoadside Interpretive Panel.  

Interpretive Panel — Granite, Lake County.
 

Other articles: US Highway 24 at 6th St. at 4th St.

Locations: Leadville.
Full Size ImageHow Leadville solves the neighborhood parking problem.  

In Leadville
Full Size Image
Downtown Leadville
Full Size Image
Downtown Leadville
We walked downtown for dinner at Treeline Kitchen. I had the bruschetta and the duck confit. The tomato on the bruschetta was a roast tomato, pretty good. The duck was good, but I didn't think the beans were fully cooked. Cheryl assured me that they were cooked to her liking.

 

   

Wednesday, July 25th

Today we north of Leadville on US Highway 24. I wanted to see Burton Ditch at Tennessee Pass, and Wurtz Ditch nearby, and find an interesting place to collect up that way. I was envisioning an open meadow.

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Tennessee Park

Locations: Tennessee Park.
Full Size ImageView southwest in Tennessee Park  

Tennessee Park
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View northwest of Tennessee Park.
As near as I can tell, nothing particularly significant occurred in the moderately-sized Tennessee Park.

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Tennessee Pass

Locations: Tennessee Pass.
Full Size ImageTennessee Pass  

Tennessee Pass
At Tennessee Pass is the 10th Mountain Division Memorial. There was also a memorial to the 99th Batallion that was comprised of Norwegian citizens and Americans of Norwegian descent.

Other articles: Forest Road 101 near Cooper Hill at Burton Ditch Colorado Trans-Basin Water Transfer Ewing Ditch

Locations: Burton Ditch.
Full Size ImageWater from the Burton Ditch flows into the Arkansas River basin.  

Burton Ditch and Cooper Ski Hill.
Full Size Image
Sawatch Range west of Tennessee Pass.
Full Size Image
Cooper Hill Ski Area
Full Size Image
Burton Ditch gaging station at the continental divide.
 

Other articles: Forest Road 705 80000 Colorado Trans-Basin Water Transfer 22050 22060

Locations: Wurts Ditch.
Full Size ImageWater in the Wurtz Ditch crosses the contenental Divide.  

Wurtz Ditch
Full Size Image
Water enters the Arkansas River basin from the Wurtz Ditch.
The Wurtz Ditch Road is pretty good. It has one short, steep section with a little erosion.

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc

Locations: North Fork West Tennessee Creek.
Full Size ImageAbandoned beaver pond on North Fork West Tennessee Creek.  

North Fork West Tennessee Creek
Forest Road 131 to Lily Lake and beyond was pretty rough. I got as far as the crossing of North Fork West Tennessee Creek, then parked. I collected right around there, and we did not get as far as Lily Lake.

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2001, Zigadenus elegans  

2001  Field identification: unknown Liliaceae

Plants of Colorado
Melanthiaceae

Zigadenus elegans Pursh.  Mountain Death Camas.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3501N, 106.3614W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2001. 25-Jul-2018

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2002, Rorippa alipna  

2002  Field identification: Brassicaceae

Plants of Colorado
Brassicaceae

Rorippa alpina (S. Watson) Rydb.  Alpine Yellow Cress.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.35N, 106.3614W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2002. 25-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 2002, 25 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial terrestrial herb, erect, 5 cm. to 20 cm. tall, with caudex, glabrous throughout; Leaves, basal, withered, cauline, petiole, 20 mm., blade 35 mm. × 20 mm. wide, lyrate, with 2 or 4 lobes, toothed ¾ to mid-rib, tip, rounded; Inflorescence, raceme, elongating; Sepals, #4, 1.7 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide, ovate, green; Petals, 1.6 mm. × 0.5 mm. wide, spoonshaped, margin, entire, yellow; Fruit, 3 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, >3× longer than wide, ascending, uninflated, glabrous; Ovules (seeds), at least #7.

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2003, Senecio triangularis
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2003, Senecio triangularis  

2003  Field identification: Senecio sp.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Senecio triangularis Hook.  Arrowleaf Ragwort.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3505N, 106.3614W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2003. 25-Jul-2018

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2004, Rhodiola rhodantha
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2004, Rhodiola rhodantha  

2004  Field identification: Rhodiola sp., maybe R. rhodantha

Plants of Colorado
Crassulaceae

Rhodiola rhodantha (A. Gray) Jacobsen.  Queen's Crown.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3505N, 106.3613W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2004. 25-Jul-2018

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2005, Erigeron glacialis  

2005  Field identification: Erigeron sp.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Erigeron glacialis (Nutt.) A. Nelson.  Glacial Daisy.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3504N, 106.3615W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Variety glacialis if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2005. 25-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 2005, 25 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial herb, 50 cm., caudex, taprooted; Stem, proximal stem glabrous to distal stem pilose; Leaves, alternate, largest, petiole 60 mm. to sessile distally, blade 120 mm. × 30 mm. wide, reduced distally, oblanceolate, to ovate distally, entire, glabrous to sparsely pilose distally, especially on veins, margins, ciliate; Inflorescence, #1-3 per stem, showy, flat-topped, >leaves; Peduncles, 40-70 mm.; Involucre, 11 mm. × 20 mm. wide, hemispheric; Phyllaries, 3± series, 8 mm. × 1 mm. wide, green with purple tips, glandular, margins, flat; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #30-40, tube 3 mm. + blade 11 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, coiling, blue, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 3.5 mm. + lobes, 0.5 mm., expanding slightly, yellow, bisexual; Pappus, single series, many, well-developed, capillary bristles, 2.4-3.6 mm.; Anther, 1.5 mm., base rounded; Cypsela, 1.8 mm. × 0.3 mm. wide, compressed front to back, brown, hirsute, no beak.

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2006, Arnica mollis  

2006  Field identification: Arnica sp.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Arnica mollis Hook.  Hairy Arnica.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3503N, 106.3616W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2006. 25-Jul-2018

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2007, Rumex densiflorus  

2007  Field identification: Rumex crispus

Plants of Colorado
Polygonaceae

Rumex densiflorus Osterhout.  Dense-Flower Dock.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3506N, 106.3612W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2007. 25-Jul-2018

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2008, Epilobium ciliatum  

2008  Field identification: Epilobium sp.

Plants of Colorado
Onagraceae

Epilobium ciliatum Raf.  Fringed Willowherb.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3506N, 106.3612W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2008. 25-Jul-2018

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2009, Solidago multiradiata  

2009  Field identification: Solidago sp

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Solidago multiradiata Aiton.  Rocky Mountain Goldenrod.
   Dup. Det. by David J. Keil, February 2019.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3497N, 106.3616W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2009. 25-Jul-2018

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2010, Arnica parryi  

2010  Field identification: discoid Asteraceae

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Arnica parryi A. Gray.  Nodding Leopardbane.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3498N, 106.3616W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. discoid Asteraceae Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2010. 25-Jul-2018

Other articles: Forest Road 131 at coll. loc
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2011, Calamagrostis stricta  

2011  Field identification: grass

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Calamagrostis stricta (Timm) Koeler.  Northern Reedgrass.

North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Lake County, Colorado. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. 39.3501N, 106.3615W. WGS 1984 Elev. 3200 m. Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Probably subspecies stricta if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: Pike-San Isabel National Forest, 2018, issued: May 2, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2011. 25-Jul-2018

Coll. No. 2011, 25 July 2018, characters observed: Perennial grass, 90-100 cm., rhizomatous; Leaves, sheath, 120 mm., open, minutely scabrous; ligule, membranous, 4 mm., auricles, absent, collar, minutely hairy; blade, 160 mm. × 3.2 mm. wide, scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, contracted panicle, 150 mm. × 15 mm. wide; Spikelets, many, 3.8 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, similar, 1 per node; Compression, ±lateral; Disarticulation, above the glumes; Glumes, lower, 3.8 mm., veins, #1, upper, 3.2 mm., >lowest floret, veins, #3, keeled proximally, keels scabrous, awns, #0; Florets, 1 per spikelet; Callus, straight white hairs, 2.5 mm., ≤lemma; Lemma, 3 mm., <glumes, tip, 2-forked; awns, #1, 2.5 mm., straight, attached below middle; Palea, 1.9 mm., <lemma, membranous.

Other articles: County Road 21 at D&RGW shanty US Highway 24 at CR 21
Full Size ImageEriogonum jamesii beside the D&RGW track.
Full Size ImageShanty and signal mast, all vnadalized.  

Tennessee Pass on the D&RGW
Full Size Image
East portal of the Tennessee Pass Tunnel
Full Size Image
East portal of the Tennessee Pass Tunnel
Full Size Image
East portal of the Tennessee Pass Tunnel
We drove down County Road 21 a short distance to the D&RGW tracks at Tennessee Pass. Along the way we passed some foundations. Older maps show there were buildings here, which I assume were for railroad workers. At trackside was a couple of vandalized shanties and signal equipment. A lot of the copper cabling has been cut away. The tunnel portal is extensively tagged. We had a quiet lunch here with a view of the Sawatch Mountains in the distance.
  In Leadville
After a short rest we walked into downtown Leadville for dinner a second night at Treeline Kitchen. I had the bruschetta again and the roast steak. It was pretty good.

 

 

Literature Cited:
- Wilson, Anna Burack, and P. K. Sims, 2003.

Locations: Leadville.
Full Size Image#641 on display in Leadville.  

Thursday, July 26th

Leadville to Golden
C&S Engine 641, the line's last operating standard-gauge steam locomotive, used on the Climax-Leadville run until 1962.

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Crane Park

Locations: Crane Park.
Full Size ImageCrane Park where we saw a moose cow and two calves.  

Moose in Crane Park
 

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Camp Hale

Locations: Camp Hale.
Full Size ImageCamp Hale.  

Camp Hale
Camp Hale, between Red Cliff and Leadville in the Eagle River valley in Colorado, was a U.S. Army training facility constructed in 1942 for what became the 10th Mountain Division. It was named for General Irving Hale and was at an elevation of 9,200 feet (2,800 m) above sea level. Onslow S. Rolfe, who had developed mountain warfare techniques as commander of the 87th Mountain Infantry Regiment, was selected to command Camp Hale. Alpine and Nordic skiing, cold-weather survival as well as various weapons and ordnance. When it was in full operation, approximately 15,000 soldiers were housed there.

Other articles: US Highway 24 near Red Cliff

Locations: Red Cliff.
Full Size ImageEagle Street in Red Cliff  

Red Cliff
Full Size Image
Water Street in Red Cliff
Red Cliff is off of US Highway 24 to the east. The town is a former mining camp situated in the canyon of the upper Eagle River just off U.S. Highway 24 north of Tennessee Pass. It was founded in 1879 during the Colorado Silver Boom by miners from Leadville who came over Tennessee Pass scouting for better prospects. The name derives from the red quartzite cliffs surrounding the town. As the first community in the Eagle Valley, it served temporarily as the first county seat of Eagle County.

Literature Cited:
- Wilson, Anna Burack, and P. K. Sims, 2003.

Other articles: US Highway 24 near Gilman

Locations: Gilman.  

Gilman
Full Size Image
Gilman and the Eagle Mine.
Full Size Image
Gilman and the Eagle Mine.
Full Size Image
Gilman
Gilman is an abandoned mining town in southeastern Eagle County, Colorado, United States. Founded in 1886 during the Colorado Silver Boom, the town later became a center of lead and zinc mining in Colorado, centered on the now-flooded Eagle Mine. The station on the D&RGW along the Eagle River below was named Belden.

Other articles: US Highway 24 at Minturn

Locations: Minturn.
Full Size ImageThe Turntable Restaurant in Minturn  

Minturn
Full Size Image
D&RGW yard in Minturn.
Full Size Image
Downtown Minturn
Minturn was developed primarily as a railroad town in the late 1800s. The Rio Grande railroad line extended across the state of Colorado and Minturn was an important railroad division point. Railroad workers from around the country settled in Minturn, where they installed extra engines in railroad cars for more power over steep mountain passes.
  to Golden
 
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Date and time this article was prepared: 11/9/2019 7:39:02 PM