Eastern Mojave Vegetation County Road 260, Forest Road 214, “Peru Creek Road,” Summit County, Colorado  

Tom Schweich  

Home Page
Topics in this Article:
Literature Cited
 From Deadman Road (CR 86) south into the Nunn Creek Basin to the Nunn Creek Trail.
  End of Road



Locations: Horseshoe Basin.  

Horseshoe Basin

The Vidler collection system and diversion tunnel allows Golden to divert water from the Colorado River headwaters to Clear Creek for use at Fossil Trace and for other uses that require “Non-tributary” water. It is a vital part of Golden's water infrastructure. It consists of six collection points with six head gates that feed snowmelt into a pipeline. The pipeline is about 5000 feet long and carries the snowmelt across the Horseshoe basin. At the end of the pipeline is a flume that measures and controls the water before feeding it into the West Portal of a tunnel (Vidler Tunnel). The tunnel extends 1.4 miles through a mountain, under the Continental Divide, and discharges the water into the headwaters of Clear Creek several miles above Georgetown.



Literature Cited:
- Anonymous, 1906.
- City of Golden, 2000.
- Lovering, T. S., 1935.
- Lovering, T. S., and E. N. Goddard, 1950.
- Stambaugh, Will, 2007.
- Winchester, John N., P.E., 2001.

Other articles: Colorado Trans-Basin Water Transfer the Inlet Field Notes 28 Jun 2018 28 Jun 2018 at Vidler Tunnel

Locations: Vidler Tunnel.  

Vidler Tunnel

Full Size Image
Portal of the Vidler Tunnel
Full Size Image
Water collection system for the Vidler Tunnel.
Full Size Image
Portal of the Vidler Tunnel
Full Size Image
The unmistakeable Cirsium scopulorum along the old road.
The Vidler tunnel is in Mount Edwards, a short distance north of Argentine Pass and about 5 miles east-northeast of Montezuma. It was originally intended to be a railroad tunnel and serve a proposed narrow-gage railroad extending from Silver Plume to Dillon. Work was started on the tunnel in 1901, and for a time headings were driven from both the east and west portals. The west portal was abandoned after the face had been carried about 700 feet, but in spite of repeated changes in ownership and reorganizations, the eastern section of the tunnel was gradually advanced until in 1911 it had a length of 5,118 feet. No work is known to have been done since that time, however, and the breasts of the east and west sections are reported to be separated by about 1,700 feet. The altitude of both portals is about 11,650 feet. The east half of the tunnel trends S. 70° 47' W., and the west half N. 58° 17' E. The tunnel was not accesible at any time during the writer's visits, but some information was found in reports by G. W. Schneider, J. W. Astley, and Herbert Strickland, quoted in a prospectus of the Argentine Tunnel Railway Co. The eastern sectionof the tunnel is reported to cut veins at 227, 330, 380, 500, 885, 1956, and 2,175 feet from the portal. Most of the veins were small and contained only quartz and pyrite, but three carried lead-sinc ore. Galena and sphalerite containing 12 ounces or less of silver to the ton and very little gold were found in the veins cut at 227, 265, and 885 feet, but only the last vein, known as the Flossie or Red Light, was string enough to encourage much development. This vein strikes N. 33° E. and dips about 85° NW. It carried galena and sphalerite in a quartz gangue, and the ore-bearing part of the vein ranged from 1 to 18 inches in width, averaging about 6 inches. Some ore was stoped in this vein both north and south of the main crosscut tunnel. No production figures have been found, but the property has venver been an important producer (Lovering, 1935).

Other articles: Field Notes 28 Jun 2018
Full Size ImageLooking down canyon.
Full Size ImageCheryl sits on a rock in Horseshoe Basin.  

Full Size Image
Looking up basin.
Full Size Image
Cascade from a tarn above.
  Road junction, right branch goes to Vidler Tunnel.

Literature Cited:
- Todd, Andrew S., Diane M. McKnight, and Sabre M. Duren, 2005.

Other articles: Field Notes 28 Jun 2018

Locations: Peru Creek.  

Full Size Image
Peru Creek is crossed by the Argentine Trail.
Argentine Trail



Other articles: Field Notes 28 Jun 2018

Locations: Anderson Tunnel Mine.
Full Size ImageAnderson Tunnel Mine portal  

Shoe Basin Mine



Other articles: Field Notes 28 Jun 2018
Full Size ImageArgentine Trailhead and parking lot  

Argentine Trailhead

This is essentially the end of the road.

Literature Cited:
- Langley, Alli, 2015.
- Laughlin, Breeana, 2013.
- Lovering, T. S., 1935.
- Lovering, T. S., and E. N. Goddard, 1950.
- Queen, Jack, 2016.
- Strain, Daniel, 2016.
- Todd, Andrew S., Diane M. McKnight, and Sabre M. Duren, 2005.
- Trust for Land Restoration, 2004.

Other articles: Field Notes 28 Jun 2018

Locations: Pennsylvania Mine.  

Full Size Image
Information sign on the portal of the Pennsylvania Mine.
Full Size Image
Portal of the Pennsylvania Mine.
Junction: Unidentified spur to Pennsylvania Mine.

The Pennsylvania Mine was initially developed in 1879, according to the EPA, and produced gold, silver, lead, copper and zinc.

The mine is the largest anthropogenic contributor of heavy metals in the Snake River Watershed, which is the most impaired watershed in the state. Exposure to the metals can cause health problems in humans and wildlife.

Brian Lorch, the county's Open Space and Trails Department director, said the Pennsylvania property is owned by a small company called TransPacific Tourism of Colorado, which was formed by a Colorado couple specifically to buy the 169-acre property in 1990 and then sell it to foreign investors. The investors walked away after the mine's environmental problems became apparent, leaving the couple stuck with the property ever since, Lorch said. The county then worked with the landowners to create a restrictive covenant in 2008 that transferred all development rights off the property, he said, and the county would like to buy the land to protect it as open space if the mine is ever cleaned up enough that liability isn't an issue (Langley, 2015).

The EPA also plans to work with a private landowner who has owned the neighboring Jumbo Mine property for about 40 years. Because that property owner didn't cause the mine pollution, Paul Peronard EPA's on-scene coordinator said, the EPA will pay for the cleanup, which will likely cost less than a tenth of the Pennsylvania Mine reclamation (Langley, 2015).

Other articles: Montezuma Road at CR 260  

Junction: County Road 5 “Montezuma Road




Literature Cited

  A list of all literature cited by this web site can be found in the Bibliography.
  Anonymous. 1906. Development and Transportation Tunnel Enterprises in the Argentine District, Colorado. Mining Reporter. LIV(23):570-573.
  City of Golden. 2000. A Resolution of the Golden City Council Approving a Water Purchase Agreement with Vidler Water Company. Resolution No. 1136. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2018: http://ordinances.cityofgolden.net/media/W1siZiIsIjIwMTQvMDUvMDUvMTQvNTIvNDYvMjMzLzExMzZyZXNfd2F0ZXJfcHVyY2guX2Fncm1udF93X1ZpZGxlci5wZGYiXV0/1c10d00c/1136res%20water%20purch.%20agrmnt%20w_Vidler.pdf
  Langley, Alli. 2015. Summit County's toxic Pennsylvania Mine unlikely to blow like Gold King. Summit Daily. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2018: https://www.summitdaily.com/news/summit-countys-toxic-pennsylvania-mine-unlikely-to-blow-like-gold-king/
  Laughlin, Breeana. 2013. Toxic Pennsylvania Mine cleanup under way in Summit County. Summit Daily. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2018: https://www.summitdaily.com/news/local/toxic-pennsylvania-mine-cleanup-under-way-in-summit-county/
  Lovering, T. S. 1935. Geology and Ore Deposits of the Montezume Quadrangle, Colorado. Professional Paper 178. Washington, D. C.: United States Geological Survey, 1935. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2016: https://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/0178/report.pdf
  Lovering, T. S., and E. N. Goddard. 1950. Geology and ore deposits of the Front Range. Professional Paper 223. Washington, D. C.: United States Geological Survey, 1950. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2018: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp223
  Queen, Jack. 2016. Mine near Keystone still causing trouble. Summit Daily. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2016: https://www.summitdaily.com/news/mine-near-keystone-still-causing-trouble/
  Stambaugh, Will. 2007. 2007 Vidler Tunnel Repairs: Flossie Vein Collapse Area and East Portal Rebuild. (http://www.cityofgolden.net/media/2007%20Vidler%20Tunnel%20Repairs.pdf, accessed 13 November 2014.)
  Strain, Daniel. 2016. Cleaning Up the Past. Mines Magazine. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2018: http://minesmagazine.com/12773/
  Todd, Andrew S., Diane M. McKnight, and Sabre M. Duren. 2005. Water Quality Characteristics for the Snake River, North Fork of the Snake River, Peru Creek, and Deer Creek in Summit County, Colorado: 2001 to 2002. Occasional Paper 57. Boulder CO: Instirute of Arctic and Alpine Research, 2005. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: https://instaar.colorado.edu/uploads/occasional-papers/OP57_todd_et_al.pdf
  Trust for Land Restoration. 2004. Peru Creek Brownfield Assessment, Summit County, Colorado. Brownfields Assess,emt Demonstration Pilot. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2018: https://www.summitcountyco.gov/DocumentCenter/View/20236
  Winchester, John N., P.E. 2001. A Historical View: Transmountain Diversion Development in Colorado. Proceedings 2001 USCID Water Management.
If you have a question or a comment you may write to me at: tas4@schweich.com I sometimes post interesting questions in my FAQ, but I never disclose your full name or address.  

[Home Page] [Site Map]

Date and time this article was prepared: 12/22/2019 10:05:32 AM