Eastern Mojave Vegetation

Detailed Area Plant List for County List, Lake County, United States.

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Edited by Tom Schweich

This list is assembled from personal collections, herbarium vouchers, and published lists. For California, much of the data is provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria as indicated by a single dagger “†.” Their web site is at: (http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/). For Colorado, much of the data is provided by the Southwest Environmental Information Network as indicated by a double dagger “‡,” which web site is found at (http://swbiodiversity.org). See their respective websites for copyright information and recommended citation formats.

For a complete list of Locations included in this Area List, see the Locations Included section, below.

For a check list, please see: Check List for County List, Lake County, United States.

Apiaceae

Apiaceae Something from the Carrot family. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, shade bank of creek Tom Schweich 2713. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Cymopterus lemmonii (J. M. Coult. & Rose) Dorn.  (=Pseudocymopterus montanus (A. Gray) J. M. Coult. & Rose) Alpine False Springparsley. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 15 cm., glabrous throughout, except very slightly scabrous at top of peduncle and on ribs of some rays; Pseudoscape, absent; Leaves, basal and cauline, 40 mm. × 25 mm. wide, obovate, compound, leaflets, #7, ultimate divisions narrowly lanceolate; Inflorescence, compound umbel; Involucre, bracts, 1.7 mm., linear (but not pinnafitid); Rays, ascending-spreading, ±equal; Involucel, bractlets green, inconspicuous, 1 mm.; Corolla, petals, #5, 1 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide, yellow; Stamens, #5; Filaments, recurved; Ovary, glabrous; Stylopodium, absent (?); Fruit, unknown. (Described from Coll. No. 1469, 29 June 2016)

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Mosquito Range, middle section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1469. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83317 ) .

Asteraceae

Composite. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, sandy bar Tom Schweich 2728. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Achillea millefolium L.  (Syn: A. lanulosa Nutt. , A. m. L. var. alpicola (Rydb.) Garrett , A. m. L. var. lanulosa (Nutt.) Piper , A. m. L. var. occidentalis DC. ) Common Yarrow. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb to 50 cm.;; Leaves alternate, tendrils absent, finely dissected, aromatic when fresh; Inflorescence, heads enclosed by an involucre, in flat-topped clusters; Phyllaries in 2+ series; Receptacles bearing scale-like bracts (paleate); Perianth in 2 or more whorls, parts in 5s; Phyllaries in 2+ series, not all subtending ray flowers; Flowers open, bisexual, two kinds, some with strap-shaped corollas; Petals fused into a tube; Ray flowers, white, lobe ovate; Disc flowers, white; Stamens = in number to corolla lobes; Ovary inferior. Pistils, 1 per flower (Described from Coll. No. 482, 30 Nov 2011, and Coll. No. 1023, 24 Jul 2013).

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, Tom Schweich 2604. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Bentham & Hooker.  Western Pearly Everlasting. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, sandy bar Tom Schweich 2725. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Antennaria Pussytoes. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2591. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Arnica L.  Leopardbane. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2706. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) Tom Schweich 2708. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Arnica mollis Hook.  Cordilleran Leopardbane. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Lily Lake, Several involucres partially eaten. Tom Schweich 2579. 12 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2006. 25 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069229 OBI UCR ) . .

Arnica parryi A. Gray.  Nodding Leopardbane. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2010. 25 Jul 2018. ( COLO02347631 CS KHD00069230 OBI UC UCR ) . .

Erigeron Fleabane. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Tom Schweich 2724. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) .

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, Tom Schweich 2607. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Erigeron glacialis (Nutt.) A. Nelson.  Glacial Daisy. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, 50 cm., caudex, taprooted; Stem, proximal stem glabrous to distal stem pilose; Leaves, alternate, largest, petiole 60 mm. to sessile distally, blade 120 mm. × 30 mm. wide, reduced distally, oblanceolate, to ovate distally, entire, glabrous to sparsely pilose distally, especially on veins, margins, ciliate; Inflorescence, #1-3 per stem, showy, flat-topped, >leaves; Peduncles, 40-70 mm.; Involucre, 11 mm. × 20 mm. wide, hemispheric; Phyllaries, 3± series, 8 mm. × 1 mm. wide, green with purple tips, glandular, margins, flat; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #30-40, tube 3 mm. + blade 11 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, coiling, blue, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 3.5 mm. + lobes, 0.5 mm., expanding slightly, yellow, bisexual; Pappus, single series, many, well-developed, capillary bristles, 2.4-3.6 mm.; Anther, 1.5 mm., base rounded; Cypsela, 1.8 mm. × 0.3 mm. wide, compressed front to back, brown, hirsute, no beak. (Described from Coll. No. 2005, 25 July 2018.)

- Lily Lake, Tom Schweich 2584. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Variety glacialis if infraspecific names are to be applied. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2005. 25 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069212 OBI UC UCR ) . .

Erigeron subtrinervis Rydb. ex Porter & Britton.  Threenerve Daisy. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Chalk Creek, Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1988. 23 Jul 2018. ( CS KHD00069214 OBI170959 UC UCR ) . .

Helianthella quinquenervis (Hook.) A. Gray.  Five-Nerve Little Sunflower. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 80 cm., rhizomatous; Stem, proximal glabrous to distal tangled multicellular hairy; Leaves, all cauline (some very proximally cauline), opposite, petiole, 35 mm., blade 110 mm. × 27 mm. wide, mid-cauline the largest, elliptic, entire, sparsely short hairy throughout, eglandular; Inflorescence, heads, 1 terminal, sometimes a smaller pair in upper axils, showy, >leaves, ±nodding; Peduncles (axillary), 70 mm.; Involucre, 15 mm. × 33 mm. wide, spheric; Phyllaries, 3± series, 28 mm. × 6 mm. wide, green flat, margin, ciliate; Receptacle, paleate; Palea, 11 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, scarious, soft; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #20-24, tube 5 mm. + blade 23 mm. × 6 mm. wide, yellow, sterile; Disk flowers, many, tube 1.5 mm. + throat 3 mm. + lobes 0.5 mm., throat expanding abruptly, yellow; Pappus, disk flowers only, two types, 1.0 mm. scales in an outer ring, 2.5 mm. #2 awn-like scales; Cypsela, 7.4 mm. × 3 mm. wide, obovate, compressed side-to-side, black, hairy. (Described from Coll. No. 1990, 23 Jul 2018.)

- Chalk Creek, Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1990. 23 Jul 2018. ( KHD00068684 OBI UC UCR ) . .

Heterotheca pumila (Greene) Semple.  Alpine False Goldenaster. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, 12 cm.; Stem, purplish, short and long multicellular hairs, glandular; Leaves, cauline, alternate, well-distributed along stem, petiole, 10 mm., blade, 25 mm. × 4 mm. wide, reduced distally, oblanceolate, hairy and somewhat glandular, margin, entire, slightly revolute; Inflorescence, heads, 1 per stem, showy, >leaves; Involucre, 7 mm. × 10 mm. wide, bowl-shaped, glandulo-hispid; Phyllaries, 3+ series, 3.3-7 mm. × 0.6-1.2 mm. wide, prominent mid-vein, green center, scarious margins; Receptacle, epaleate; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #6-8, tube 4.5 mm. + blade 8.5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, yellow, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 4.5 mm. + lobes 0.5 mm., yellow, open; Pappus, many, 2 series, both ray and disk flowers, bristles, 0.9, 5.0 mm., barbelate; Cypsela, 2.5-3.0 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, brown, hairy. (Described from Coll. No. 1986, 23 July 2018.)

- Chalk Creek, Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1986. 23 Jul 2018. ( KHD00068683 OBI UCR ) . .

Packera crocata (Rydb.) W. A. Weber & A. Love.  Saffron Ragwort. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 1997. 24 Jul 2018. ( OBI UCR ) . .

Senecio integerrimus Nutt.  Columbia Ragwort. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Var. exaltatus (Nutt.) Cronquist if infraspecific taxa are to be recognized. Mid-section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1476. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83351 UC ) . .

Senecio triangularis Hook.  Arrowleaf Ragwort. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 80 cm., in shaded streamside, not strongly scented; Root and caudex unknown; Petiole 100 mm.; Leaves alternate, largest 100 mm. x 60 mm., distributed along stem gradually becoming smaller, ovate, base truncate, margin toothed, adaxial surface sticky with glandular exudate, glands inconspicuous; Inflorescence gen. flat-topped, 10-15 flowers; Phyllaries, in 1-series, few short narrow outer phyllaries, tips dark brown macroscopically; Receptacle palea 0; Flowers of 2 kinds, both ray and disk; Pappus of bristles (no scales or needle-like awns), well developed on ray and disk flowers; Ray flowers yellow, exceeding involucre (Described from Coll. No. 874, 23 June 2013).

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2003. 25 Jul 2018. ( OBI UCR ) Tom Schweich 2707. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Solidago L.  Goldenrod. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Tom Schweich 2717. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) Tom Schweich 2718. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) Tom Schweich 2719. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) .

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2701. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Solidago missouriensis Nutt.  Missouri Goldenrod. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 35-40 cm., generally glabrous throughout; Leaves, basal, unknown, cauline, alternate, petiole 10-45 cm. + blade 100 mm. × 21-22 mm. wide, reduced above, oblanceolate, margin, sparsely scabrous proximally, serrate distally, glabrous, prominently 3(5)-nerved; Inflorescence, crowded panicle; Pedicels, 1 mm.; Bracts, #2, 1.8 mm.; Involucre, 3.0-4.5 mm. × 3-5 mm. wide, obconic; Phyllaries, 2+ series, 2.2-3.5 mm. × 1 mm. wide, graduated, green, margin chartaceous, veins 1; Receptacle, epaleate, conic; Flowers, 2 kinds; Rays, #12, fertile, tube 2 mm. + blade 2.2 mm., yellow; Disk flower, #12, tube 2.8 mm. + lobes 0.7 mm. = 3.5 mm., yellow; Pappus, capillary bristles, 3.0 mm.; Cypsela, 0.4-0.6 mm., glabrous-sparsely hairy. Described from Coll. No. 1255, 26 Jul 2015, and Coll. No. 1519, 29 Jul 2016. Distinguished in part by its glabrous characters and presence of 3 prominent nerves on leaves. Jepson eFlora notes that S. missouriensis Nutt. Is misapplied to S. spectabilis (D. C. Eaton) A. Gray. FNANM states that, in the west, it can be similar to smaller plants of S. spectabilis (13 Sep 2014).

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2589. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Solidago multiradiata Aiton.  Rocky Mountain Goldenrod. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, 18 cm., rhizomatous; Stem, proximal glabrous to distal glandular-hairy; Leaves, cauline, alternate, proximal petiole winged distinctly ciliate, distal apparently sessile (subclasping?), petiole, 40 mm., blade, 40 mm. × 10 mm. wide, narrowly oblanceolate, entire, margins, finely ciliate; Inflorescence, heads 15-20 per stem, not showy, triangular, >leaves; Involucre, 4 mm. × 7.5 mm. wide, ovoid; Phyllaries, #3± series, lower, slightly less than rest of involucre, few hairs similar to those on peduncles, mid-vein tan, body green, margin scarious, margins, flat, tip, acute; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #24-30, tube 2.5 mm. + blade 2.5 mm. × 1 mm. wide, yellow, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 3 mm. + lobes 0.7 mm., throat expanding, yellow; Pappus, many, well-developed capillary bristles, 3 mm., ±equal; Cypsela, 1 mm., brown, sparsely hairy. (Described from Coll. No. 1992, 24 July 2018.)

- Brumley, Variety scopulorum A. Gray in Ackerfield (2015), but infraspecific names not recognized by FNANM. Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 1992. 24 Jul 2018. ( KHD00068670 OBI UCR ) .

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2009. 25 Jul 2018. ( KHD00068672 OBI170962 UC UCR ) . .

Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.  (Syn: T. laevigatum (Willd.) DC. ) Common Dandelion. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Lily Lake, Tom Schweich 2582. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

Boraginaceae

Mertensia ciliata (Torr.) G. Don.  Tall Fringed Bluebells. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2596. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Phacelia sericea (Graham ex Hook.) A. Gray.  Silky Phacelia. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Evans Gulch, In gravel of valley bottom land. Also collected here: Penstemon hallii A. Gray. Probably var. sericea if infraspecific taxa are recognized. Junction of County Road 3 and 3B, 2.8 mi. east of Leadville on County Road 3. Tom Schweich 1481. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS OBI83349 UC ) .

Brassicaceae

Descurainia Tansymustard. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, Tom Schweich 2602. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Rorippa alpina (S. Watson) Rydb.  Alpine Yellow Cress. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial terrestrial herb, erect, 5 cm. to 20 cm. tall, with caudex, glabrous throughout; Leaves, basal, withered, cauline, petiole, 20 mm., blade 35 mm. × 20 mm. wide, lyrate, with 2 or 4 lobes, toothed ¾ to mid-rib, tip, rounded; Inflorescence, raceme, elongating; Sepals, #4, 1.7 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide, ovate, green; Petals, 1.6 mm. × 0.5 mm. wide, spoonshaped, margin, entire, yellow; Fruit, 3 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, >3× longer than wide, ascending, uninflated, glabrous; Ovules (seeds), at least #7. (Described from Coll. No. 2002, 25 July 2018.)

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2002. 25 Jul 2018. ( KHD00068462 OBI UCR ) . .

Turritis glabra L.  (Syn: Arabis glabra (L.) Bernhardi ) Tower Rockcress. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Short-lived (?) perennial, terrestrial, herb, 45 cm. to 90 cm. tall; Roots, tap. Stem, erect, #1, (1 of 4 specimens has 2 stems), leafy, proximal, simple and forked hairs, distal, glabrous; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal simple, petiole, 6 mm., blade, 60 mm. × 15 mm. wide, oblanceolate, hairs, simple and forked, margin, dentate, tip, obtuse; cauline, #20, sessile, lobed, 2.5 mm., 40 mm. × 10 mm. wide, lanceolate, reduced above, margin, entire, becoming glabrous distally; Inflorescence, raceme, 70 mm. × 11 mm. wide, not bracted, not one-sided; Pedicels (at anthesis), 3-4 mm., glabrous; Sepals, #4, 2.5 mm. × 1.1 mm. wide, ovate, green, margin chartaceous; Petals, 4.5 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, spatulate, margin entire, color, pinkish, fading lavender; Fruit, (24-) 80-85 mm. × 0.9 mm. wide, ascending-appressed, glabrous, flattened, parallel to replum, style, base 0.4-0.5 mm. wide, stigma, 0.8-0.9 mm. wide; Ovules, biseriate, many, 0.7 mm. × 0.3 mm. wide, tan, translucent, wing not apparent. (Described from Coll. No. 1887, 28 May 2018).

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, Tom Schweich 2608. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

Campanulaceae

Campanula parryi A. Gray.  Parry's Bellflower. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, Tom Schweich 2598. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Campanula rotundifolia L.  Harebell. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Leaves, basal, ?, cauline, alternate, ±lance-linear, 52 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide; Inflorescence, solitary and loose racemes; Pedicel, 9 mm.; Calyx, tube 2.5 mm. + 5 lobes 2.5 mm. = 5.0 mm.; Corolla, 13 mm, blue-purple; Capsule, nodding, 5.5 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, opening by pores near the base. Described from Coll. No. 1246, 24 July 2015.

- Chalk Creek, Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1987. 23 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069225 OBI UCR ) .

Caprifoliaceae

Valeriana edulis Nuttall var. edulis Tobacco Root. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 60 cm.; Stem, glabrous; Leaves, basal, petiole 11 cm. + blade 15 cm. × 2.6 cm. wide, narrowly obovate, cauline, in 2 pairs, pinnafitid, segments narrow; Inflorescence, panicle (definitely not a corymb); Flowers, perfect; Corolla, tube 2 mm. + lobes 1.2 mm., white, somewhat hairy proximal outside; Stamens, ±exserted; Fruit, unknown (Described from Coll. No. 1474, 29 Jun 2016).

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Variety edulis if infraspecific taxa are recognized. Mosquito Range, mid-section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1474. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83353 ) .

Caryophyllaceae

Cerastium arvense L. ssp. strictum Gaudin.  (Syn: Cerastium strictum L ) Field Chickweed. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Common early-flowering perennial, to 20 cm.; Leaves, opposite, broadly linear, 15 mm. × 3 mm. wide, stipules absent, tufts of leaves in lower axils; Sepals free; Petals >> sepals, white, notched; Styles (4)5.

- Adelaide, Roadside in Stray Horse Gulch, along County Road 2A, just south of County Road 1, 3 km. east southeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1479. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83303 ) . .

Eremogone Fenzl.  Sandwort. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Tom Schweich 2715. 18 Aug 2021. . .

Eremogone congesta (Nutt.) Ikonn.  Ball-Head Matted Sandwort. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2594. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

Crassulaceae

Rhodiola rhodantha (A. Gray) Jacobsen.  Queen's Crown. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2004. 25 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069197 OBI UCR ) .

Ericaceae

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Sprengel.  Bearberry. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Lily Lake, Tom Schweich 2585. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

Fabaceae

Astragalus alpinus L.  Alpine Milkvetch. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 12 cm., caulescent, hairs basifixed; Leaves, cauline, stipules, 5 mm., connate opposite petiole, alternate, to 80 mm., compound, leaflets, #21, 5 mm. × 3 mm. wide, ovate; Calyx, tube 2 mm. + lobes 1 mm. mostly black hairy, few white hairs; Flowers, spreading to deflexed; Banner, 5 mm + 4 mm. reflexed, blue; Wings, 8 mm. yellowish-white, apex obtuse; Keel, 8.5 mm., > wings, blue distally; Fruit, unknown. (Described from Coll. No 1471, 29 June 2016).

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 1991. 24 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069185 OBI UC UCR ) .

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Mosquito Range, middle section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1471. 29 Jun 2016. ( EIU OBI83354 ) .

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, on top of a turnout road drainage berm Tom Schweich 2603. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Lupinus argenteus Pursh var. rubricaulis (Greene) S.L. Welsh.  Silvery Lupine. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 70 cm., caulescent, erect; Stem, not winged, hairs basifixed; Leaves, compound, palmate, stipules, free, 4 mm., petiole, 25-60 mm., blade, largest, 60 mm. × 100 mm. wide, leaflets, #7, largest, 57 mm. × 17 mm. wide, margin, entire, petiole and abaxial surface short straight appressed hairs, adaxial glabrous; Inflorescence, raceme, 30+ flowers, bract, 4 mm., pedicels, 0-4.5 mm. as flowers mature, Calyx, asymmetric, 4.5 mm., hairs simple; Flower, zygomorphic, banner, 8 mm., reflexed distal ⅔ (±3 mm. from tip), giving shallowly gaping appearance, back has a few hairs, wings, claw, 2.5 mm., + blade 8 mm. = 10.5 mm., keel, 9.6 mm., glabrous throughout, white to dark blue, tip erect; Ovary, 4 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, glabrous. (Described from Coll. No. 1954, 20 June 2018.)

- Chalk Creek, Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1984. 23 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069189 OBI UCR ) . .

Trifolium L.  Clover. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2705. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Trifolium parryi A. Gray.  Parry's Clover. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Lily Lake, Tom Schweich 2586. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

Gentianaceae

Frasera speciosa Griseb.  (Syn: Swertia radiata (Kellogg) Kuntze ) Elkweed. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Leadville, Colorado, Lake, Near Leadville. L. M. Schedin and N. T. Schedin 710. 1917. ( RM97800 ) . [ Year of collection estimated from similar-numbered collections for this collector. ] .

Gentiana parryi Engelm.  (Syn: Pneumonanthe parryi (Engelmann) Greene ) Parry's Gentian. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb to 35 cm.; Leaves cauline; Bracts 25 mm x 10-12 mm wide; Corolla blue, 35 mm., distinctly tubular, tube broad, plicate; Anthers not spirally twisted (Described from Coll. No. 323, keyed 1 Jan 2013).

- Brumley, Tom Schweich 2722. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Gentianopsis detonsa (Rottb.) Ma var. elegans (A. Nelson) N. Holmgren.  Rocky Mountain Fringed Gentian. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, sandy bar Tom Schweich 2723. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Swertia perennis L.  Felwort. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 2000.1 24 Jul 2018. ( OBI UCR ) .

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, In forest beside North Fork of West Tennessee Creek, also here Aconitum columbianum. Tom Schweich 2391. 8/17/2021. .

Onagraceae

Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub.  (Syn: Epilobium a. L , Epilobium angustifolium L var. intermedium ) Fireweed. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Tom Schweich 2721. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Epilobium L.  Willowherb. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Annual, to 1 dm, glabrous; Leaves opposite, to 3 cm, 1 cm wide; Ovary inferior; Sepals 4, 3 mm; Petals 4, white to rose; Stamens 2 x 4 = 8, unequal; Stigma entire (Described from Coll. No. 690.1, 8 Nov 2011).

- Brumley, sandy bar Tom Schweich 2726. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Epilobium ciliatum Raf.  Fringed Willowherb. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2008. 25 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069140 OBI UCR ) .

Orobanchaceae

Castilleja miniata Hook.  Giant Red Indian Paintbrush. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Mosquito Range, middle section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1467. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83319 ) . .

Castilleja sulphurea Rydb.  Sulphur Indian Paintbrush. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 2000. 24 Jul 2018. ( OBI UCR ) .

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2595. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Pedicularis groenlandica Retz.  Elephanthead Lousewort. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 1996. 24 Jul 2018. ( CS KHD00069220 OBI UC UCR ) .

Phrymaceae

Erythranthe tilingii (Regel) G.L. Nesom.  (Syn: Mimulus tilingii Regel ) Tiling's Monkeyflower. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 1995. 24 Jul 2018. ( OBI UCR ) .

Plantaginaceae

Linaria vulgaris Mill.  Butter and Eggs. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2711. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Penstemon hallii A. Gray.  Hall's Beardtongue. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, caulescent, 8 to 15 cm., glabrous below, becoming glandular in inflorescence, but not hairy; Leaves, opposite, 20 mm. × 1.8 mm. wide, narrowly oblanceolate, reduced above; Inflorescence, 6-8 flowers per stem, somewhat one-sided; Pedicel, leafy, 4-9 mm.; Calyx, tube 1.0-1.5 mm. + lobes 4.0-5.5 mm., green to dark green with tinges of purple, chartaceous scalloped margins; Flowers, tube, 12 mm. + lobes 5-6 mm. × 8-9 mm., blue throughout, or yellow tube with blue lobes; Staminode, hairy at tip; Stamens, just reaching orifice of corolla, Anther, sacs, 1.6 mm. glabrous. (Described from Coll. No. 1482, 29 June 2016).

- Evans Gulch, In gravel of valley bottom land. Junction of County Road 3 and 3B, 2.8 mi. east of Leadville on County Road 3. Tom Schweich 1482. 29 Jun 2016. ( OBI83348 ) . .

Penstemon rydbergii A. Nelson.  Rydberg's Penstemon. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Lily Lake, Tom Schweich 2580. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Penstemon whippleanus A. Gray.  Whipples Penstemon. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Lily Lake, Tom Schweich 2587. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

Polemoniaceae

Collomia linearis Nutt.  Tiny Trumpet. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Annual; Stem simple, unbranched; Leaves linear, 20-25 mm; Calyx membrane 0, lobes growing with capsule, becoming papery with age; Corolla white, 6-9 mm (Described from Coll. No. 713, 19 Nov 2011).

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, Tom Schweich 2599. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Leptosiphon nuttallii (Gray) J. M. Porter & L. A. Johnson ssp. nuttallii.  (Syn: Leptodactylon nuttallii (Gray) Rydb. ) Nuttall's Linanthus. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 15 cm., woody at base; Leaves, well-developed, cauline, opposite, connate at base, 3-9-lobed, lobes 3-20 mm. × 0.5-1.08 mm. wide, soft, tip acute, some appearing spinulose; Inflorescence, dense head-like cluster, pedicels to 4 mm., not tomentose; Calyx, lobes, 7.5-8 mm. × 1.2-2.2 mm. wide, narrow hyaline sinuses ±½; Corolla, white, tube 7-8 mm. + lobes 5 mm. × 3 mm. wide, limb 11 mm. wide. (Described from Coll. No. 1470.1, 29 June 2016 and Coll. No. 1985, 23 July 2018.)

- Chalk Creek, Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1985. 23 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069162 OBI UCR ) .

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Mosquito Range, middle section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1470.1 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83357 ) . .

Phlox hoodii Richardson.  Carpet Phlox. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, Tom Schweich 2600. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Polemonium viscosum Nuttall.  Sticky Sky Pilot. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Mosquito Range, middle section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1472. 29 Jun 2016. ( EIU OBI83356 ) .

Polygonaceae

Bistorta bistortoides (Pursh) Small.  (Syn: Polygonum bistortoides Pursh ) CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Adelaide, Roadside in Stray Horse Gulch, along County Road 2A, just south of County Road 1, 3 km. east southeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1480. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83350 UC UCR ) .

- Lily Lake, Tom Schweich 2583. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Eriogonum umbellatum Torrey, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York. 2: 241. 1827. var. majus Hook.  Subalpine Sulphur-Flower Buckwheat. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2588. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Rumex L.  CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, sandy bar Tom Schweich 2729. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Rumex densiflorus Osterhout.  Dense-Flower Dock. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2007. 25 Jul 2018. ( OBI UCR ) .

Primulaceae

Androsace septentrionalis L.  (Syn: Androsace septentrionalis L. ssp. subumbellata (A. Nelson) G. T. Robbins ) Pygmyflower Rockjasmine. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Mosquito Range, middle section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1468. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83318 ) .

Ranunculaceae

Aconitum columbianum Nutt.  Columbian Monkshood. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Most finished blooming. Tom Schweich 2709. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Anemone multifida Poir.  Pacific Anemone. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Var. multifida if infraspecific taxa are to be recognized. Mid-section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1475. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83352 ) . .

Anemone narcissiflora L. var. zephyra (A. Nelson) B. E. Dutton & Keener.  Narcissis Anemone. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 35 cm.; Stem, thick, 4 mm.; Leaves, basal, petiole, 150 mm. × 3 mm. wide + blade 60 mm. × 75 mm. wide, (ternately?) divided, margins incised, involucre, single series of stem leaves whorled around inflorescence, sessile; Flowers, actinomorphic, 1-4 per stem; Sepals, petaloid, 12-17 mm., not spurred, white, drying light yellow; Fruit, unknown (Described from Coll. No. 1478, 29 Jun 2016).

- Breece Hill, Rocky forest floor. Roadside of Lake County Road 1A, near the top of Breece Hill, about 4.1 mi. by road from the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1478. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83308 ) . .

Ranunculus L.  Buttercup. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, Tom Schweich 2605. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

Rosaceae

Dasiophora fruticosa (L.) Rydb.  (Syn: Potentilla fruticosa L. ) Shrubby Cinquefoil, Golden Hardtack. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2592. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Fragaria L.  Strawberry. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2704. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Fragaria virginiana Mill.  Virginia Strawberry. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Mosquito Range, middle section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1473. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83355 ) . .

Geum triflorum Pursh.  Old Man's Whiskers. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Unclear as to variety if infraspecific taxa are to be recognized. Mosquito Range, middle section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1470. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83358 ) .

- Unnamed meadow on Forest Road 109, Tom Schweich 2606. 15 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Potentilla L.  Cinquefoil. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Evans Gulch, Southeast-facing open slope with mostly forbs. Accidental collection. Mosquito Range, middle section of Evans Gulch, near Conley Lakes and the Diamond Mine, 4.6 mi. by road east of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1473.1 29 Jun 2016. . .

Potentilla glaucophylla Lehm. var. glaucophylla.  Blue Leaf Cinquefoil. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 25 cm.; Flowering stems, ascending, reddish; Leaves, basal, petiole, 50 mm., sparsely hairy, blade, palmate, 25 mm. × 35 mm. wide, 5-7 leaflets, leaflets, incised, distal ½, about half-way to mid-vein, adaxial, very sparse hairy, abaxial, hairy mostly on veins, margins hairy, cauline, much reduced to sessile, ternately lobed, 17 mm.; Sepals, 5 mm. × 3 mm. wide, green, purplish on veins or at tips; Petals, 7 mm. × 8 mm. wide, bright yellow; Stamens, #20; Anthers, 0.7 mm.; Style, 2 mm., slender throughout, attached mid-achene. (Described from Coll. No. 1477, 29 Jun 2016).

- Breece Hill, Relatively less-disturbed full-sun meadow. Near the top of Breece Hill, just west of the intersection of Lake County Roads 1A and 1B, 4.2 mi. by road from the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1477. 29 Jun 2016. ( CAS EIU OBI83309 UC ) .

- Lily Lake, Tom Schweich 2581. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Potentilla pulcherrima Lehmann.  (Syn: P. gracilis Douglas ex Hooker var. pulcherrina (Lehmann) Fernald ) Beautiful Cinquefoil. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Stems, erect, not rooting at nodes; Leaves, basal, compound, palmate, leaflets, #5 or 7 (never ternate), toothed ±entire length, #7-11 teeth, adaxial green, few long hairs, abaxial gray, densely tomentose; cauline, few (2-3); Inflorescence, #14 flowers, inconspicuous tiny red-tipped glands on sepals and epicalyx bractlets; Sepals, fused 1.5 mm. + free 5 mm. × 1.8 mm. wide, green, hirsute, glandular; Epicalyx bractlets, 4.5 mm. × 1.1 mm. wide, green, with reddish-brown tips; Petals, 8 mm. × 8 mm. wide, deltate, yellow; Styles, 2 mm., filiform, terminal. (Described from Coll. No. 1956, 20 June 2018.)

- Chalk Creek, Along Chalk Creek, National Forest Road 134, off Colorado Highway 91, 13.3 km. northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 1989. 23 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069206 OBI UCR ) .

Undet.

Undetermined CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2590. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) Tom Schweich 2593. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) Tom Schweich 2699. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) .

Juncaceae

Juncus L.  Rush. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, in sand and gravel at creek level Tom Schweich 2720. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) .

Melanthiaceae

Anticlea elegans (Pursh) Rydb.  (Syn: Zigadenus elegans Pursh ) Mountain Death Camas. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2001. 25 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069128 OBI UC UCR ) .

Orchidaceae

Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck.  Bog Orchid. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Tennessee Pass, Tom Schweich 2597. 13 Jul 2021. ( Golden ) .

Poaceae

Grass Family. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Tom Schweich 2714. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) Same as 2700.1 on N Fk W Tennessee Ck. Tom Schweich 2716. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) .

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2700.1 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) Tom Schweich 2702. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) Tom Schweich 2703. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Achnatherum lettermanii (Vasey) Barkworth.  (Syn: Stipa lettermanii Vasey ) (=Eriocoma lettermanii (Vasey) Romansch.) Lettermans Needlegrass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial, to 70 cm., clumped; Leaves, sheath, 80 mm., open, glabrous, ligule, membranous, 1 mm., auricles, absent, blade, 150 mm. × 1.7 mm. wide, revolute, sparsely scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, panicle, 100 mm. × 12 mm. wide, spikelets, many; Axis, not extended, glabrous; Spikelets, many, 6 mm. × 1 mm. wide, excluding awn, similar, borne singly, pedicels, 1.2-6.0 mm., 1-flowered; Compression, unremarkable; Disarticulation, above the glumes; Glumes, subequal, lower, 7 mm. × 1 mm. wide, veins, #1, upper, 6.5 mm. × 1.3 mm. wide, = lowest floret, veins, #3, rounded, membranous, tip, extended sharp soft point, not really an awn; Florets, 1 per spikelet, bisexual; Callus, 0.5 mm., pointed, but not sharp like other cogeners, short, straight, white hairs; Lemma, 4 mm., ≤glumes, ovate, color, tan, stiff but not hard, hairs, slightly longer and more dense distally than proximally, straight, longest 1.2 mm., color white, veins, #3, parallel, then converging at awn, tip, 2-forked, awns, #1, 17 mm., attached at end of lemma, scabrous, bent twice, twisted, terminal segment straight; Palea, 3.5 mm., <lemma, 87% length of lemma, membranous, hairy, hairs extending beyond tip, tip, entire, color, tan; Anthers, 1.4 mm.; Achene, 3 mm., green. (Described from Coll. No. 1998, 24 July 2018.)

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 1998. 24 Jul 2018. ( KHD00068997 OBI124863 UCR ) . .

Agrostis Bentgrass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2700. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Bromus L.  Brome. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Same as Coll. No. 2710 on N Fk W Tennessee Creek. 2712. 18 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) .

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Tom Schweich 2710. 17 Aug 2021. ( Golden ) . .

Bromus ciliatus L.  Fringed Brome. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 1993. 24 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069364 OBI UCR ) . .

Calamagrostis stricta (Timm) Koeler.  Northern Reedgrass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial grass, 90-100 cm., rhizomatous; Leaves, sheath, 120 mm., open, minutely scabrous; ligule, membranous, 4 mm., auricles, absent, collar, minutely hairy; blade, 160 mm. × 3.2 mm. wide, scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, contracted panicle, 150 mm. × 15 mm. wide; Spikelets, many, 3.8 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, similar, 1 per node; Compression, ±lateral; Disarticulation, above the glumes; Glumes, lower, 3.8 mm., veins, #1, upper, 3.2 mm., >lowest floret, veins, #3, keeled proximally, keels scabrous, awns, #0; Florets, 1 per spikelet; Callus, straight white hairs, 2.5 mm., ≤lemma; Lemma, 3 mm., <glumes, tip, 2-forked; awns, #1, 2.5 mm., straight, attached below middle; Palea, 1.9 mm., <lemma, membranous. (Described from Coll. No. 2011, 25 July 2018.)

- North Fork West Tennessee Creek, Mixed pine forest and abandoned beaver dams. Probably subspecies stricta if infraspecific names are to be applied. Tennesee Creek Basin, 8.2 mi. north of Leadville, then 2.4 mi. generally west on County Road 9 and Forest Road 131, not quite to Lily Lake, 12.5 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Leadville. Tom Schweich 2011. 25 Jul 2018. ( KHD00069366 OBI UCR ) . .

Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Gould ex Shinners.  Slender Wheatgrass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial grass, to 1 m., generally glabrous except as noted; Leaves, sheath, open, ligule, membraneous, auricles, small, 1 mm., blade, 25 mm. Inflorescence, bi-lateral spike; Spikelets, mostly 1 per node, about 1/3 have 2 per node, 21 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide, compression, lateral; Disarticulation, between the florets; Glumes, #2, ±equal, 11 mm. + awns 2 mm., not quite straight, thick, tough, not keeled, veins, 5, prominent, margins, widest at middle, Florets, #8, Lemma, 9 mm. + awn 3 mm, longitudinally symetric; Palea, 9 mm., tip, bifid, veins, ciliate; Anthers, 3 mm. (Described from Coll. No. 1528, 5 August 2016.)

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 1999. 24 Jul 2018. ( OBI UCR ) . .

Trisetum spicatum (L.) K. Richt.  Spike Trisetum. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial, 13cm; Stem, herbaceous, soft hairy; Leaf sheath and blade differentiated, sheath open, blade soft, soft hairy; Ligule ciliate, 1 mm.; Inflorescence spike-like panicle 4.5 cm., barely exceeding leaves, purple interior; Compression lateral; Spikelets similar, 2-8 per node on 1 and 2 branches, Florets 4 per spikelet, bisexual; Glumes, lanceolate, lower 3.5 mm < upper 4.5 mm.; Lemma 4 mm., veins 3+, awns 1 attached to back (Desccribed from Coll. No. 833, 18 Jun 2012).

- Brumley, Brumley was a stage stop on the route across Independence Pass. On a terrace beside the North Fork of Lake Creek, between Twin Lakes and Independence Pass, about 11 mi. generally west on Colorado Highway 82 from the town of Twin Lakes. Tom Schweich 1994. 24 Jul 2018. ( OBI UCR ) .

Total number of taxa: 85
Native Taxa:
(serif, italic, bold)
60
Exotic Taxa:
(sans-serif, italic)
2
Nativity Undetermined:
(default font, italic)
23
Listed Weeds:
Indentified as Weed
1

Notes:

† -- Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria (ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/).
‡ -- Southwest Environmental Information Network, SEINet. 2009-2014. http//:swbiodiversity.org/seinet/index.php. Accessed from July 2009 to September 2014.

Locations Included in This Area

Bibliography

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Date and time this article was prepared: 10/19/2021 3:00:44 PM.