Eastern Mojave Vegetation U. S. Highway 101  
 

Tom Schweich  

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Literature Cited
 (No Preface)
  Washington above …
Oregon below …

Full Size ImageAstoria-Megler Bridge across Columbia River at Astoria, Oregon.  
 
 

Port of Astoria

 

Other articles: US Hwy 30 at US Hwy 101  

Junction: US Highway 30, "W. Marine Drive," and "Columbia River Highway"

US Highway 101 circles around and climbs toward the Astoria-Megler Bridge without actually entering the town of Astoria.

Other articles: Oregon Hwy 104 at US Hwy 101  

Junction: Oregon Highway 104, to Fort Stevens, and Fort Stevens State Park.
 

Seaside

 

Other articles: US Hwy 26 at US Hwy 101  

Junction: US Highway 26
 

Cannon Beach

 
 

Haystack Rock

Haystack Rock is a 235-foot (72-meter) tall monolith (or sea stack) on the Oregon coast in the northwestern United States, the third-tallest such "intertidal" meaning it can be reached by land, structure in the world. A popular tourist destination, the rock is adjacent to the beach and accessible by foot during low tide. Haystack Rock tide pools are home to many intertidal animals, including starfish, anemone, crabs, chitons, limpets, and sea slugs. The rock is also a refuge for many sea birds, including terns and puffins.

Composed of basalt, Haystack Rock was formed by lava flows emanating from the Grand Ronde Mountains 10 to 17 million years ago.


Full Size ImageHaystack Rock, off Cannon Beach, Oregon  
View Point

Full Size ImageLife Jacket Loaned Station, Nehalem Bay, Oregon
Full Size ImageNehalem Bay, Oregon  
Nehalem Bay State Park
 

Nehalem

 
 

Garibaldi

 
 

Tillamook

 
 

Hebo

Hebo

Other articles: U. S. Highway 20 Newport  

Newport

Junction: US Highway 20

Full Size ImageLuna Sea Restaurant, Yachats, Oregon  

Yachats

 

Full Size ImageTide pools at Cape Perpetua, Oregon  

Cape Perpetua Interpretive Center

 
 

Heceta Head Lighthouse

 

Full Size ImageHeceta Head Lighthouse from view point.  
Viewpoint for Heceta Head Lighthouse.
  Sea Lion Caves

Full Size ImageInterpretive sign for Darlingtonia State Wayside
Full Size ImageDarlingtonia californica  
Darlingtonia State Wayside
 

Florence

 

Other articles: Oregon Highway 126 near Florence  

Junction: Oregon Highway 126, east to Eugene, Redmond, and Prineville.

Full Size ImageSailboat on Woahink Lake  
Jessie M. Honeyman State Park and Woahink Lake.
 

Reedsport

 

Full Size ImageUmpqua Lighthouse, Oregon
Full Size ImageLighthouse keeper's quarters, Umpqua Lighthouse, Oregon.  

Umpqua Lighthouse State Park

 

Full Size ImageMouth of Umpqua River, Oregon  
Viewpoint of mouth of Umpqua River.

Other articles: Newmark St at US Hwy 101  

Junction: Newmark Street, to state parks.

The hill is pretty steep at this end of Newmark St. If I had a big rig, I would use a more gentle route, to be found either to the north or the south.

 

Coos Bay

 
  Junction: West Beaver Hill Road, back road to state parks.
  Junction: Seven Devils Road
 

Bandon

 

Full Size ImageEllen Warring Learning Center at New River ACEC
Full Size ImageInformation about New River ACEC
Full Size ImageCranberry bogs along Croft Lake Road.  
Junction: Croft Lake Road, to New River ACEC, and a place to view cranberry bogs.

New River is a dynamic, ever-changing system influenced by biological, climatological, geo-physical, and fluvial processes. The river and adjacent lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) are in a special management category known as the New River Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC). The New River ACEC is managed to maintain biodiversity and quality habitats for native communities of plants, birds, animals, and fish. It also provides protection to cultural sites and affords educational, interpretive, and recreational opportunities to the visiting public in a manner consistent with the primary goals of protecting natural and cultural resources.

BLM’s vision of the New River area includes protecting or enhancing habitats for a diversity of wildlife and plant species. Varied ecosystems such as meadows, forests, wetlands, coastal lakes, open sand dunes, and the New River estuary will continue to support this biodiversity. This includes a more stable meandering river with greater riparian vegetation. BLM also envisions a visiting public that will appreciate and enjoy the varied ecosystems protected at New River in a way that will not degrade the naturalness of the setting or the quality of the visitor experience. BLM will manage the ACEC primarily for non-motorized public use that is compatible with the semi-primitive natural setting evident throughout most of the area.

In 1983, BLM designated 686 acres of federal lands along New River as an Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC) to protect this unique natural area. In 1989, a land acquisition plan was completed, and over the next eight years, BLM acquired an additional 670 acres of private lands from willing sellers, bringing the current total land base of the ACEC to 1,356 acres.

The primary resource values for the New River ACEC include:

  • River area and uplands contain important habitat for the American and Arctic Peregrine Falcon, Bald Eagle, Aleutian Canada Goose, and Western Snowy Plover – all federally listed species.
  • Botanical species habitat supported in the New River area include silvery phacelia, western bog lily, pink sand-verbena – all federally proposed or candidate species.
  • Plant Communities – Includes natural meadows, wetlands, sand dunes, and other habitat types supporting many unique plant species.
  • Wildlife Habitat – Upland areas provide supporting habitat types and act as a buffer which supports the integrity of the river habitat areas.
  • Historic/Cultural – Numerous, extensive prehistoric camps and villages border the river.”
Full Size Image
Cranberries along Croft Lake Road.
 

Langlois

 

Full Size ImageHughes House
Full Size ImagePlaque for Hughes House
Full Size ImageCape Blanco Lighthouse  
Junction: Cape Blanco Road, west to Cape Blanco Lighthouse, and Hughes House.
 

Port Orford

 
 

Gold Beach

 
 

Brookings

 
  Oregon above ..
California below …
 

Crescent City

 
  Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park
 

Trinidad

 

Other articles: California Highway 299 at US 101  

Junction: California Highway 299, east through Redding to Alturas and beyond.

Locations: Arcata.  

Arcata

 

Locations: Eureka.  

Eureka

 

Full Size ImageSouthport Landing Bed & Breakfast  
This was one of the best bed and breakfast experiences I've had.

Locations: Loleta.  

Loleta

Loleta is a small town by the side of US Highway 101.

Locations: Loleta.
Full Size ImageLoleta Cheese Company  

The Loleta Cheese Factory is a interesting one-hour stop to watch the cheese being made.

Other articles: California Highway 36 at US Hwy101  

Alton

Junction: California Highway 36, east to Susanville.

Locations: Scotia.  

Scotia

Lumber town in northern California, owned by Pacific Lumber Company.

Full Size ImageHeisler locomotive at the Scotia Museum.  
Heisler geared locomotive at the Scotia Museum.

Full Size ImageHelicopter takes water from the Eel River  
CDF helicopter takes off from the Eel River with water to dump on a small fire.

Locations: Eel River.
Full Size ImageEel River at Dyerville (site)  

The railroad bridge at Dyerville.
 

Dyerville (Site)

The former site of Dyerville is on a bluff on the west side of the confluence of the North and South Forks of the Eel River. Across the river, to the south, is Founders Grove of Humboldt Redwoods State Park.

Other articles: California Highway 1 at US Highway 101

Locations: Leggett.  

Leggett

Junction: California Highway 1, a twisty road that follows the California coast all the way to San Juan Capistrano.

Other articles: Branscomb Road at US Hwy 101
Full Size ImageBranscomb Road in Laytonville, California  

Junction: Branscomb Road, west to CA Highway 1 at the Pacific Ocean.
 

Laytonville

 
 

Willits

 

Other articles: California Highway 20 in Willits  

Junction: California Highway 20, west to Fort Bragg.

Other articles: California Highway 20 near Calpella  

Junction: California Highway 20
 

Calpella

 
  Junction: Redwood Highway to California Highway 128, west through the Anderson Valley, and Boonville, to the California coast just south of Mendocino.
 

Cloverdale

 

Other articles: California Highway 128 at USHwy101  

Junction: California Highway 128, on the south end of Cloverdale.

Literature Cited:
- Wakabayashi, John, Arundhuti Ghatak, and Asish R. Basu, 2010.

Locations: Healdsburg.  

Healdsburg

Location of a high-grade metamorphic block of Franciscan Formation, sampled by Wakabayashi et al. (2010).

Literature Cited:
- Wakabayashi, John, Arundhuti Ghatak, and Asish R. Basu, 2010.

Locations: Mill Creek.  

Junction: Mill Street, Westside Road, accessible from north only, use Healdsburg Avenue if coming from south.

Along Mill Creek Road is a Wakabayashi et al. (2010) sample locality for a high-grade metamorphic block of Franciscan Formation.

Literature Cited:
- Wakabayashi, John, Arundhuti Ghatak, and Asish R. Basu, 2010.

Locations: Terra Linda.  

Terra Linda

 

Other articles: US Interstate 580 01000  

Junction: U. S. Interstate 580, west across the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge, to Oakland, and Interstate 5 in the San Joaquin Valley.

Other articles: Sir Francis Drake Boulevard 88000  

Junction: Sir Francis Drake Blvd, west to Point Reyes.

Other articles: California Highway 1 Mill Valley

Locations: Mill Valley.  

Mill Valley

Junction: California Highway 1.

Locations: Golden Gate Bridge.
Full Size ImageGolden Gate Bridge  

Golden Gate Bridge

Other articles: California Highway 1 San Francisco  

Junction: California Highway 1, Park Presidio Blvd.

Locations: San Francisco.  

San Francisco

 

Other articles: Interstate 80 12000  

Junction: U. S. Interstate 80.

Other articles: US I-280 at US Hwy 101  

Junction: US Interstate 280

Locations: San Bruno Mountain.
Full Size ImageSan Bruno Mountain as seen from Alameda.  

San Bruno Mountain.

Other articles: CA Hwy 92 60000  

Junction: California Highway 92, west to Half Moon Bay, or east across the San Mateo Bridge to Hayward.

Other articles: CA Hwy 84 at US 101N  

Junction: Woodside Road, California Highway 84.

Other articles: CA Hwy 84 at US 101S  

Junction: Marsh Road, California Highway 84

Other articles: US I-880 in San Jose  

San Jose

 

Other articles: US I-280 at US I 680 US I-680 at US Hwy101  

Junction:
  • US Interstate 280, west through San Jose and then north to San Francisco.
  • US Interstate 680, east and north through San Jose to Concord to US I-80 at Cordelia Junction.

Literature Cited:
- Gudde, Erwin G., 1969 (3rd Ed.).

Locations: Gilroy.  

Gilroy

John Gilroy, a Scotch sailor and the first permanent non-Spanish settler in California, was left ashore in Monterey in 1814 by the Hudson's Bay vessel Isaac Todd because he was sick with scurvy. He settled in the Santa Clara Valley and married into a Mexican land grant family, whose rancho eventually became called "Gilroy's" (Gudde, 1969, p. 120).

Other articles: California Highway 152 25940  

Junction: California Highway 152, east through Pacheco Pass to US Interstate 5 and California Highway 99 in the San Joaquin Valley.
  DeLorme's Northern California Atlas and Gazetteer above
37° North.
DeLorme's Southern California Atlas and Gazetteer below.

Other articles: CA Hwy 25 at US Hwy 101  

Junction: California Highway 25, south to Hollister, then past the east side of Pinnacles National Monument.
  Junction:
  • California Highway 129, west along the Pajaro River, through the Pajaro Valley, and the town of Pajaro, to California Highway 1.
  • San Juan Highway, south through the San Juan Valley to San Juan Bautista.

Locations: Fremont Peak. San Juan Valley.
Full Size ImageFremont Peak from San Juan Valley  

View southeast across the San Juan Valley to Fremont Peak.

Other articles: California Highway 156 10000  

Junction: California Highway 156, southeast to San Juan Bautista, and east to Hollister.

Other articles: Crazy Horse Canyon Road 10000  

Junction: Crazy Horse Canyon Road, south through Crazy Horse Canyon to San Juan Grade Road and Old Stage Road.

Other articles: California Highway 68 62000  

Junction: California Highway 68.

Locations: Salinas.
Full Size ImageThe city of Salinas in the Salinas Valley as seen from Fremont Peak.  

Salinas

 

Other articles: Old Stage Road 90000  

Junction:
  • Alta Street
  • Old Stage Road, vearing north of the highway and east of Salinas, eventually reaching San Juan Bautista.
 

Gonzales

 

Locations: Camphora.
Full Size ImageSalinas Valley and the Sierra de Salinas  

Camphora

Other articles: Field Notes 11-Nov-05 near Soledad

Locations: Salinas Valley.
Full Size ImageFarmland near Soledad, Salinas Valley.  

Junction: Front Street, north end of Soledad.

Other articles: Field Notes 11-Nov-05

Locations: Soledad.
Full Size ImageFront Street in Soledad.  

Soledad

 

Other articles: California Highway 146 at US Hwy 101  

Junction: California Highway 146, at the south end of Soledad.

California Highway 146 goes east to Pinnacles National Monument.

Locations: Salinas River.  

Salinas River

Other articles: Arroyo Seco Road at US Hwy 101  

Junction: Arroyo Seco Road

Other articles: El Camino Real at US Hwy 101  

Junction: El Camino Real, north of Greenfield.
 

Greenfield

 

Other articles: El Camino Real at US Hwy 101  

Junction: El Camino Real, south of Greenfield.

Other articles: County Route G14 at US Hwy 101  

Junction: Jolon Road, County Route G14.

Jolon Road roughly parallels US Highway 101 from near King City through the countryside and back to US Highway 101 near Bradley.

Other articles: CR G-13 at US Hwy 101

Locations: King City.
Full Size ImageBroadway Street, the main street of King City.  

King City

 

Other articles: Monterey County Route 15 at US Hwy 101  

Junction: Monterey County Route G15, north through King City and the east side of the Salinas River.

Other articles: CA Hwy 198 at US Hwy 101 Lockwood San Lucas Road at US Hwy 101  

Junction:
  • California Highway 198, east to Coalinga, across the San Joaquin Valley and into the Sierra Nevada.
  • Lockwood San Lucas Road, west, across the Salinas River, then southwest through the hills to Lockwood.

Other articles: Lockwood San Lucas Road at US Hwy 101  

Junction: Lockwood-San Lucas Road, southwest through the hills to Lockwood.

Full Size ImageDead Monterey Pine with pumpkin.
Full Size ImageWhimsical Reindeer Pumpkin beside the highway.  
Whimsical pumpkin in a dead Monterey Pine.

Other articles: County Route G18 30000  

Junction: Jolon Road, County Route G18

Also known as "Jolon Road," makes a nice alternative to US Highway 101 if you want to get off the highway for a bit. Also, it is the way to Mission San Antonio de Padua.

Other articles: Bradley Road at US Hwy 101 N  

Exit 251: Bradley Road, south to Bradley.

Locations: Bradley.
Full Size ImageBradley, California
Full Size ImageOur Lady of Guadalupe  

Bradley

Bradley was a small town on the original route of US Highway 101.
  Southbound Rest Stop
  Northbound Rest Stop

Other articles: Bradley Road at US Hwy 101 S  

Exit 245: Bradley Road, nouth to Bradley.

Literature Cited:
- Adams, Ella, n.d..

Locations: McKay.  

McKay

Name of a (former) Southern Pacific railroad station near Camp Roberts. Junction with a shortline railroad to the Stone Canyon Mine.

Other articles: Mission Street at US Hwy 101 N  

Exit 241: Mission Street, north of San Miguel.

Other articles: 10th Street at US 101 N Field Notes 20020120020

Locations: San Miguel.
Full Size ImageMission San Miguel  

San Miguel

Exit 239: 10th Street, for San Miguel.

Other articles: Mission Street at US 101 S  

Exit 239A: Mission Street, south of San Miguel.
 
Paso Robles below …

Other articles: Spring Street at US Highway 101 N  

Junction: Spring Street, exit south for main street of Paso Robles.

Other articles: California Highway 46 722000 County Route G14 at US Hwy 101  

Junction: California Highway 46, east to Lost Hills, then Wasco and California Highway 99.

Other articles: California Highway 46 Paso Robles

Locations: Paso Robles.  

Paso Robles

 

Locations: Paso Robles.
Full Size ImageRejuvenated Hot Spring After San Simeon Earthquake.  

A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck the central California coast on December 22, 2003 at 11:15:56 am (PST). The event was located 11 km NE of San Simeon, and 39 km WNW of Paso Robles, where the brunt of the damage and casualties occurred. Two deaths occurred due to a building collapse in Paso Robles.

The magnitude 6.5 temblor ruptured a hot springs aquifer and as much as 1,000 gallons per minute of sulfurous water is pouring out of the ground at the City Hall parking lot.

The rupture was caused by the quake because it started the same day. It first appeared as a steaming spring about 4 inches high and 24 inches in diameter in the Paso Robles City Hall Parking lot (P. Rafferty, pers. comm.).

Locations: Paso Robles.
Full Size ImageRejuvenated Hot Spring After San Simeon Earthquake.  

The warm water has the rotten-egg smell typical of hot springs. State water officials said the sulfurous water does not pose a public health threat but may be harmful to the Salinas River ecosystem. In addition to sulfur, the water could contain other dissolved minerals that could be toxic to fish. The warm temperature of the water may also be harmful. The water was being channeled into the city's storm drain system, which eventually empties into the Salinas River.

Literature Cited:
- Campion, L. F., 1984.

Locations: Paso Robles.
Full Size ImageA new pump is tried in the rejuvenated hot spring.  

When I first saw the rejuvenated hot spring, Friday, 26 December 2003, a hole about 10 feet deep and 30 feet in diameter had been dug in the parking lot. Various approaches to pumping out the water were being tried. A pump was lowered part way into the pit, but several days later it had been removed. City officials have not figured out a way to stop the flow.

Locations: Paso Robles.
Full Size ImageCollapsed roof in downtown Paso Robles.
Full Size ImageFailed brick veneer.  

The Acorn Building, shown here collapsed, was built in 1892 of unreinforced masonry. It had a third story clock tower that was a highlight of Paso Robles architecture. The two women who perished in this earthquake were killed by falling debris under the collapsing roof.

Locations: Paso Robles.
Full Size ImageRejuvenated hot spring after 6 days.  

As reported by David Sneed in the San Luis Obispo Tribune on Tuesday, 30 December 2003, the city is unsure how to plug hot springs flow.

Other articles: Spring Street at US Hwy 101 South  

Junction: Spring Street, exit north for main street of Paso Robles.
  Paso Robles above…

Other articles: California Highway 46 748000  

Junction: California Highway 46, west through the Santa Lucia Range to California Highway 1 near Cambria.

Other articles: California Highway 41 Atascadero

Locations: Atascadero.
Full Size ImageView of Atascadero on a hazy winter afternoon.  

Atascadero

 

Other articles: California Highway 58 Santa Margarita

Locations: Santa Margarita.
Full Size ImageSanta Margarita Feed and Supply  

Santa Margarita

Junction: California Highway 58, east to Bakersfield and then Barstow.

Other articles: California Highway 1 San Luis Obispo

Locations: San Luis Obispo.
Full Size ImageAerial view of San Luis Obispo.  

San Luis Obispo

San Luis Obispo was founded as the Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa in 1772 by Father Junípero Serra. The mission was named after Saint Louis, a 13th Century Bishop of Toulouse, France. Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa was the fifth mission in the California chain of 21 missions along El Camino Real. The closest mission to the south is La Purisima Concepcion, while the closest mission to the north is San Miguel Arcangel.

The City of San Luis Obispo serves as the commercial and cultural hub of California’s Central Coast, as well as being the county seat of San Luis Obispo County. One of California’s oldest communities, the city was was first incorporated in 1856. With a population of 44,000, the City is located eight miles from the Pacific Ocean and is midway between San Francisco and Los Angeles at the junction of Highway 101 and scenic Highway 1. A well-known state university and my alma mater, California Polytechnic State University, is located on the north edge of town.

Full Size Image
View of San Luis Obispo from Bishop's Peak

Other articles: Los Osos Valley Road at US Hwy 101  

Junction: Los Osos Valley Road

Other articles: California Highway 1 Pismo Beach

Locations: Pismo Beach.  

Pismo Beach

Junction: California Highway 1.

Other articles: CA Hwy 166 north of Santa Maria  

Junction: California Highway 166, east through the Cuyama Valley to the San Joaquin Valley.

Other articles: CA Hwy 166 in Santa Maria California Highway 176 at US Hwy 101  

Junction:
  • California Highway 166, west to Guadalupe.
  • California Highway 176, southeast along the Sisquoc River, and then through Foxen Canyon, on the way to Los Olivos.
 

Santa Maria

 

Other articles: California Highway 154 at US Hwy101  

Junction: California Highway 154, for Los Olivos, and the back way to Santa Barbara over San Marcos Pass. Also access to California Highway 176 and Foxen Canyon is accessible via this exit.

Other articles: California Highway 1 Las Cruces  

Las Cruces

Junction: California Highway 1, north through Lompoc to Pismo Beach and US Highway 101 again. Also gives access to Jalama Beach.

Literature Cited:
- Follmi, Karl B., Christophe Badertscher, Eric de Kaenel, Peter Stille, Cedric M. John, Thierry Adatte, Philipp Steinmann, 2005.

Locations: Dos Pueblos Canyon.  

Bridge over Dos Pueblos Canyon. The beach informally named Naples Beach is at the mouth of this canyon.

Follmi et al. (2005) examined phosphogenesis and organic carbon preservation in the Monterey Formation to revisit the Monterey hypothesis that increased carbon deposition reduced atmospheric carbon and led to cooling of the Earth's climate. Follmi et al. (2005) reject the hypothesis because the rate of carbon deposition was quite modest, among other reasons.

Locations: Naples.  

 

Other articles: California Highway 154 in Santa Barbara  

Junction: California Highway 154, San Marcos Pass Road.

Locations: Santa Barbara.  

Santa Barbara

 

Other articles: California Highway 33 near Ventura  

Junction: California Highway 33, north through Ojai and many other points to Coalinga.

Locations: Ventura.  

Ventura

 

Literature Cited:
- Warrick, Johnathon A., and Patrick L. Barnard, 2012.

Locations: Santa Clara River.  

Cross Santa Clara River.

Warrick and Barnard (2012) studied sedimentation at the mouths of the San Lorenzo and Santa Clara Rivers after substantial flood events. They found that the amount of sand delivered to the littoral cells was substantially different between the two rivers.

Other articles: California Highway 1 Oxnard

Locations: Oxnard.  

Oxnard

Junction: California Highway 1.
 

Literature Cited

  A list of all literature cited by this web site can be found in the Bibliography.
  Adams, Ella. n.d.. The Stone Canyon Mine. http://www.softcom.net/users/wordydave/PioneerPages/stonecanyon.htm, accessed 7 February 2013.
  Campion, L. F. 1984. Historical use of geothermal resources at Paso Robles, San Luis Obispo County,. California Geology. 37(6):119-122. 1985.
  Follmi, Karl B., Christophe Badertscher, Eric de Kaenel, Peter Stille, Cedric M. John, Thierry Adatte, Philipp Steinmann. 2005. Phosphogenesis and organic-carbon preservation in the Miocene Monterey Formation at Naples Beach, California -- The Monterey hypothesis revisited. GSA Bulletin. 117(5/6):589-619. {TAS-pdf}
  Gudde, Erwin G. 1969 (3rd Ed.). California Place Names. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1969. {TAS}
  Wakabayashi, John, Arundhuti Ghatak, and Asish R. Basu. 2010. Suprasubduction-zone ophiolite generation, emplacement, and initiation of subduction: A perspective from geochemistry, metamorphism, geochronology, and regional geology. GSA Bulletin. 122(9/10):1548-1568. {TAS-pdf}
  Warrick, Johnathon A., and Patrick L. Barnard. 2012. The offshore export of sand during exceptional discharge from California Rivers. Geology. 40(9):787-790. {TAS-pdf}
If you have a question or a comment you may write to me at: tas4@schweich.com I sometimes post interesting questions in my FAQ, but I never disclose your full name or address.  


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Date and time this article was prepared: 7/31/2017 9:39:43 AM