Eastern Mojave Vegetation U. S. Interstate 80  
 

Tom Schweich  

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 (No Preface)
  U. S. Interstate 80 goes 2,904 miles from San Francisco, California to a junction with U. S. Interstate 95 just outside New York, New York.

Locations: San Francisco.  

San Francisco

 

Other articles: U. S. Highway 101 at US I-80  

Junction: U. S. Highway 101
  San Francisco Bay Bridge

Locations: Emeryville.  

Emeryville

Former warehouse and card parlor town between Oakland and Berkeley; now becoming a high tech and bedroom community.

Full Size ImageUS I-80 in Emeryville  
 

Other articles: US Interstate 580 10000 US I-880 at I-80 and I-580  

Junction:
  • U. S. Interstate 580, east through Oakland, Castro Valley, and Livermore to U. S. Interstate 5.
  • US Interstate 880, south to San Jose, U. S. Highway 101, and California Highway 17 to Santa Cruz.

Other articles: CA Hwy 13 at I-80  

Exit 10: AshbyAvenue, California Highway 13

Other articles: US Interstate 580 08000  

Junction: U. S. Interstate 580, west across the Richmond - San Rafael bridge to San Rafael and U. S. Highway 101 North.

Literature Cited:
- Wakabayashi, John, Arundhuti Ghatak, and Asish R. Basu, 2010.  

Junction: Central Avenue

Access to the Moeser Lane site of Wakabayashi et al. (2010) containing a block of high-grade metamorphosed Franciscan Formation.

Other articles: Richmond Parkway at US I-80  

Junction: Richmond Parkway

Other articles: US I-680 at US I-80  

Cordelia Junction

Junction: US Interstate 680

Other articles: California Highway 4 10000  

Junction: California Highway 4

Other articles: CA Hwy 12 10000  

Junction: California Highway 12, east through Rio Vista and Lodi to San Andreas.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 50 at US I-80 in West Sacramento  

Junction: U. S. Highway 50. This junction is the beginning of US Highway 50, just west of Sacramento.
 

West Sacramento

 
  Bridge over Sacramento River.
 

Sacramento

 

Other articles: CA Hwy 99 32500 U. S. Interstate 5 50000  

Junction:
  • U. S. Interstate 5,
  • California Highway 99,

Other articles: California Highway 49 at US I-80  

Auburn

Junction: California Highway 49
 

Bowman

 
 

Colfax

 
 

Monte Vista

 
 

Towle

 
 

Baxter

 
 

Emigrant Gap

 

Other articles: California Highway 20 at US I 80  

Yuba Pass

Junction: California Highway 20
 

Cisco Grove

 
 

Soda Springs

 
 

Troy

 

Other articles: Field Notes 6-Jun-02  

Euer Saddle

Commonly called Donner Pass. Actually the highway croses at Euer Saddle, and Donner Pass is a few miles to the south.

Full Size ImageDonner Pass  
 

Other articles: California Highway 89 at US I-80 West  

Junction: California Highway 89, south.

Locations: Truckee.  

Truckee

Junction: California Highway 267

Other articles: California Highway 89 at US I-80 East  

Junction: California Highway 89, north.

Other articles: FAQ Mystic Field Notes 6-Jun-02

Locations: Truckee River.
Full Size ImageTruckee River near Mystic siding, California  

Between Truckee, CA and Wadsworth, NV, US Interstate 80 and the Union Pacific Railroad follow the Truckee River.
  California above …
Nevada below …
 

Reno

Reno receives 80% of the sunshine possible at its latitude.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 395 Reno  

Junction: US Hwy 395, north to Alturas, or south to Mono Lake and Bishop.

Literature Cited:
- Faulds, James E., Christopher D. Henry, and Micholas Hinz, 2005.

Locations: Pah Rah Range. Truckee River.
Full Size ImageTruckee River near Wadsworth.  

 

Other articles: Nevada State Route 427 at USI80W  

Exit 43: Nevada State Route 427, Main Street, to Wadsworth and Nevada State Route 447 to Gerlach.

Other articles: Nevada State Route 427 at USI80E U. S. Hwy Alt-50 Junction U. S. Highway Alternate 95 at Fernley  

Exit 46:
  • US Highway Alt-95, follows the route of US I-80 northeast to Exit 83 where US Hwy 95 joins I-80 to Winnemucca.
  • US Highway Alt-50, southeast to Fallon and US Highway 50.
  • Nevada State Route 427, to Fernley.
 

Fernley

 

Literature Cited:
- Jolie, Egbert, Matthias Klinkmueller, Inga Moeck, and David Bruhn, 2016.

Locations: Bradys Hot Springs. Nightingale Interchange.  

Exit 65: Nightingale Interchange. Bradys Hot Springs.

Jolie, et al. (2016) conducted a case study at the Bradys Hot Springs geothermal field to demonstrate how permeable fractures can be identified and assessed by combining fault stress models with measurements of diffuse degassing and emanations at the Earth's surface.

Literature Cited:
- Adams, Kenneth D., Steven G. Wesnousky and Bruce G. Bills., 1999.

Other articles: Field Notes 6-Jun-02  

Many of the basin valleys of western Nevada were inundated by Lake Lahontan during the Pleistocene. Adams, Wesnousky and Bills (1999) evaluated the rebound of the earth's crust when the weight of the water was removed as the lakes dessicated. One of the effects noted was the diversion of water from one basin to another. The Truckee is example of a river that may have been diverted to a different subbasin because of the effects of isostatic rebound. As the Truckee River exits its deeply incised bedrock canyon between the Pah Rah and Virginia Ranges, it takes an abrupt 90° turn to the northwest and terminates at Pyramid Lake. In the vicinity of Fernley, Nevada, the river is incised about 30 m into a package of surficial deposits that include the outcrops of the Wadsworth Amphitheater. Much of the incision may have occurred after the lake dessicated, which indicates that the Truckee River was lowered onto a relatively flat surface at about 1265-1270 m. What appears to be an abandoned river channel continues east from the vicinity of Fernley into the Fernley Sink. Others first noted this channel, but interpreted it to be pre-Lahontan in age. During the initial lowering of the Truckee River onto this surface the river may have occupied this channel, but the sense of uplift would have the effect of lessening its gradient. Continued rebound may have had the effect of diverting the river to the northwest, parallel to rebound contours, where it became incised into its present channel as base level continued to lower.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 95 at US I-80 U. S. Highway Alternate 95 southwest of Lovelock  

Exit 83

Junction: U. S. Highway 95, south to Fallon.
  From Exit 83, to the north and east to Winnemucca, US I-80 and US Hwy 95 share the same route.

Other articles: Field Notes 6-Jun-02  

Lovelock

 

Other articles: Coal Canyon - Stillwater Road at US I-80 Exit 112  

Junction:
  • Coal Canyon Road
  • US Highway 95 Business

Other articles: Field Notes Rye Patch Reservoir

Locations: Rye Patch Reservoir.
Full Size ImageRye Patch Reservoir.  

Rye Patch Reservoir

The sign said "Rye Patch Reservoir" so I though I would pull in to see what was there. It's a bit desolate, and as you can see, the water is green from algae. Since I am pretty ignorant about the Humboldt River, I didn't know that its flow was lower here than farther east near Elko.
 

Mill City

 

Other articles: Winnemucca Blvd at I-80 Exit 176  

Junction: W. Winnemucca Blvd.
  From Winnemucca south and west to Exit 83, near Fernley, US I-80 and US Hwy 95 share the same route.
 

Winnemucca

Highway passes over US Hwy 95.
  Junction: E. 2nd Street

Other articles: Winnemucca Blvd at I-80 Exit 180  

Junction: E. Winnemucca Blvd

Other articles: Nevada SR 18 near Golconda

Locations: Golconda.  

Golconda

Junction: Golconda Road, Nevada 790, access to Nevada State Route 18.

Other articles: Nevada S. R. 305 at IS I-80

Locations: Battle Mountain.  

Battle Mountain

Junction: Nevada State Route 305, south to Austin.

Literature Cited:
- Banerjee, Amlan, Mark Person, Albert Hofstra, Donald Sweetkind, Denis Cohen, Andrew Sabin, Jeff Unruh, George Zyvoloski, Carl W. Gable, Laura Crossey, and Karl Karlstrom, 2011.

Other articles: Nevada State Route 306 10000

Locations: Beowawe.  

Exit 261 connects to Nevada Highway 306 running south to Beowawe. There was a geyser near Beowawe until it was destroyed in the 1950s by geothermal exploration.
Full Size Image
Looking south toward Beowawe from US I-80.
Full Size Image
Looking upstream (east) up the Humboldt River at Beowawe.

Other articles: Dirt Road 10000  

Exit 271: Dirt Road, to Palisade and NV Highway 278.

Other articles: Nevada Highway 278 10000  

Junction: Nevada Highway 278

Locations: Carlin.  

Carlin

Northwest of Carlin on NV Hwy 766 are the mining districts of the Carlin Trend.

Locations: Carlin Canyon.  

Carlin Canyon

 

Other articles: Eastern Mojave Geology Antler orogeny Sonoma orogeny  

Although the tectonic evolution of southwestern North America (present-day) United States) is generally thought to include only two Paleozoic orogenies, the latest Devonian-early Mississippian Antler orogeny and the Late Permiam-earliest Triassic Sonoma orogeny, many workers have shown that there is considerable evidence for deformation at other times in the late Paleozoic.

Literature Cited:
- Trexler, James H., Jr., Patricia H. Cashman, Walter S. Snyder, and Vladimir I. Davidov, 2004.

Other articles: Eastern Mojave Geology Sonoma orogeny

Locations: Adobe Range. Beaver Peak. Carlin Canyon. Coal Mine Canyon. Goose Creek Mountains. Grindstone Mountain.  

Trexler, et al (2004) studied the excellently exposed unconformities in Carlin Canyon and other related locations such as Beaver Peak, Coal Mine Canyon, Grindstone Mountain, and the Goose Creek Mountains. They found that late Paleozoic deformation in the Great Basin is much more widespread and important than has been recognized. The contractional deformation occurred repeatedly between the times generally accepted for the Antler and Sonoma orogenies.

Other articles: Idaho Street at US I-80  

Junction: W. Idaho St., to Elko, Nevada.

Other articles: Nevada SR 225 88000  

Junction: Nevada State Route 225, also known as Mountain City Highway, southeast to Idaho Street, the main street of Elko, Nevada.

Locations: Elko.
Full Size ImageView of Elko from Elko Summit  

Elko

 

Other articles: Idaho Street 50000  

Junction: E. Jennings Way, access to Idaho St., in Elko, Nevada.

Other articles: Idaho Street 90000  

Junction: Idaho Street, frontage road.

Other articles: Field Notes at Halleck Nevada Highway 229 10000

Locations: Ruby Mountains.
Full Size ImageView of Ruby Mountains from US I-80.  

Exit 321

Junction: Nevada Highway 229.

Other articles: Nevada State Route 230 at US I-80 Exit 333  

Exit 333, Junction: Nevada State Route 230, exit for Deeth.
 

Deeth

 

Other articles: Nevada State Route 230 at US I-80 Exit 343  

Exit 343, Junction: Nevada State Route 230, exit for Welcome.
  Exit 348: ,the old US Highway 40.

Other articles: Nevada State Route 231 at Humboldt Ave  

Exit 351: Humboldt Avenue, turn right for NV SR 231, Angel Lake Road.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 93 at US I-80

Locations: Wells.  

Wells

Exit 352: U. S. Highway 93.

Other articles: West Entrance Road at US I-80  

Exit 378: Nevada State Route 233
 

Wendover

 

Other articles: Field Notes 17 Aug 2003  

Bonneville Salt Flats

 

Other articles: Field Notes 17 Aug 2003

Locations: Bonneville Salt Flats.
Full Size ImageUS I-80 rest stop in the middle of the Bonneville salt flats.  

 
Full Size Image
The Bonneville Salt Flats from the Rest Stop on US I-80.

Literature Cited:
- Hart, William S., Jay Quade, David B. Madsen, Darrell S. Kaufman, and Charles G. Oviatt., 2004.
- Oviatt, C. G., D. M. Miller, C. Zachary, and J. P. McGeehin., 2001.

Locations: Great Salt Lake. Lake Bonneville. Lake Gunnison. Red Rock Pass. Sevier Lake. Zenda.  

Great Salt Lake State Park

Once a part of Pleistocene Lake Bonneville, the Great Salt Lake occupies the largest northern basin. The Bear River dominates the hydrologic budget of the Great Salt Lake.

The most recent major transgression and regression of Lake Bonneville spanned ~ 14C 30-12 Ka. About 14C 30 Ka Lake Bonneville began to rise from levels close to that of the modern Great Salt Lake. During this rise the lake oscillated at ~ 22-20 14C Ka, producing the Stansbury shoreline complex between 1347 and 1378 m. Following formation of the Stansbury shorelines, Lake Bonneville rose to its highest level of 1552 m by ~ 15.5 14C Ka (the Bonneville stage).

At this elevation the lake overflowed intermittently for ~500-100 years near Zenda, Idaho into the Snake River basin, until catastrphic failure of the alluvial threshold dropped the lake level by ~100 m during the Bonneville flood at ~14.5 14C Ka. Immediately following the Bonneville flood, the lake level stabilized at 1450 m by the overflow at Red Rock Pass bedrock threshold, and the Provo shoreline formed.

The lake regressed rapidly from the Provo shoreline sometime between 14 and 12 14C Ka, possibly to levels lower than the modern GSL. At the lake level receded past 1390 m, it separated into two basins forming Lake Gunnison in the southern basin. Lake Gunnison apparently continued to overflow along the Old River Bed into the northern basin until ~ 10 14C Ka. The lake remnant occupying the northern basin transgresses to the Gilbert shoreline (~1300 m) ~ 10.3 14C Ka, before dropping to levels <1287 m throughout the Holocene (Oviatt et al., 2001, Hart et al., 2004).

Locations: Salt Lake City.  

Salt Lake City

 

Other articles: Interstate 15 19000  

Junction: U. S. Interstate 15, north, through Idaho and Montana.

Other articles: Interstate 15 20000  

Junction: U. S. Interstate 15, south, to Las Vegas and Los Angeles.

Other articles: U. S. Hwy 89 at US I-80  

Junction: US Highway 89

Locations: Parley's Summit.  

Salt Lake County above …
Parley's Summit
Summit County below …

Other articles: US Hwy 40 at US I-80  

Junction: US Highway 40

Literature Cited:
- Jones, Marcus E., n.d..

Locations: Parley's Park.  

Parley's Park. Marcus E. Jones botanized here August 18, 1881, May 16, 1901,

Other articles: US I-84 at I-80  

Junction: US Interstate 84, northwest through Boise, Idaho, to Portland, Oregon.
  Utah above …
Wyoming below …
 

Green River

 

Other articles: US Highway 191 at US I-80  

Junction: US Highway 191, south to Vernal, Utah.

Locations: Rock Springs.  

Rock Springs

 

Other articles: US Highway 191 at US I-80  

Junction: US Highway 191, north to Yellowstone National Park.
  Table Rock
 
Great Divide Basin below …
  Wamsutter
  Junction: Wyoming 789, south.
  Great Divide Basin above …
 

Rawlins

 

Other articles: US Highway 287 at USI80  

Junction:
  • US Highway 30 Business, for Rawlins, Wyoming.
  • US Highway 287, northwest in the direction of Yellowstone National Park.

Other articles: US Highway 287 at USI80  

Junction:
  • US Highway 30
  • US Highway 287, to Medicine Bow.
 

 

… miles pass …

 

 

Laramie

 

Other articles: US Highway 287 at USI80  

Junction: US Highway 287, south to Ft Collins and Denver, Colorado, or west to Rawlins (subparallel to US I-80).
 

 

… miles pass …

 

Other articles: US Interstate 25 at US I-80  

Junction: US Interstate 25
 

Cheyenne

 
  Wyoming above …
Nebraska below …
 

North Platte

 
 

Omaha

 
  Nebraska above …
Iowa below …
  Iowa above …
Illinois below …
  Illinois above …
Indiana below …
  Indiana above …
Ohio below …
 

Toledo

 
 

Cleveland

 
  Ohio above …
Pennsylvania below …
  Pennsylvania above …
New Jersey below …
 

Ridgefield Park

 
  Junction: U. S. Interstate 95.
 

Literature Cited

  A list of all literature cited by this web site can be found in the Bibliography.
  Adams, Kenneth D., Steven G. Wesnousky and Bruce G. Bills. 1999. Isostatic rebound, active faulting, and potential geomorphic effects in the Lake Lahontan basin, Nevada and California. GSA Bulletin. 111(12):1739-1756.
  Banerjee, Amlan, Mark Person, Albert Hofstra, Donald Sweetkind, Denis Cohen, Andrew Sabin, Jeff Unruh, George Zyvoloski, Carl W. Gable, Laura Crossey, and Karl Karlstrom. 2011. Deep permeable fault–controlled helium transport and limited mantle flux in two extensional geothermal systems in the Great Basin, United States. Geology. 39(3):195-198. {TAS-pdf}
  Faulds, James E., Christopher D. Henry, and Micholas Hinz. 2005. Kinematics of the northern Walker Lane: An incipient transform fault along the Pacific-NorthAmerican plate boundary. Geology. 33(6):505-508. {TAS-pdf}
  Hart, William S., Jay Quade, David B. Madsen, Darrell S. Kaufman, and Charles G. Oviatt. 2004. The 87Sr/86Sr ratios of lacustrine carbonates and lake-level history of the Bonneville paleolake system. GSA Bulletin. 116(9/10):1107-1119.
  Jolie, Egbert, Matthias Klinkmueller, Inga Moeck, and David Bruhn. 2016. Linking gas fluxes at Earth's surface with fracture zones in an active geothermal field. Geology. 44(3):187-190. {TAS-pdf}
  Jones, Marcus E. n.d.. Botanical Exploration of Marcus E. Jones: 1875 to 1919. {TAS-pdf} (http://www.rsabg.org/documents/research/marcus_jones_1875_1919.pdf, accessed 22 November 2014)
  Oviatt, C. G., D. M. Miller, C. Zachary, and J. P. McGeehin. 2001. Refining the age of the lake transgression to the Gilbert shoreline in the Bonneville basin. EOS Transactions of the American Geophysical Union. Abstract PP22A-0496.. 82: F755.
  Trexler, James H., Jr., Patricia H. Cashman, Walter S. Snyder, and Vladimir I. Davidov. 2004. Late Paleozoic tectonism in Nevada: Timing, kinematics, and tectonic significance. GSA Bulletin. 116(5/6):525-538. {TAS-pdf}
  Wakabayashi, John, Arundhuti Ghatak, and Asish R. Basu. 2010. Suprasubduction-zone ophiolite generation, emplacement, and initiation of subduction: A perspective from geochemistry, metamorphism, geochronology, and regional geology. GSA Bulletin. 122(9/10):1548-1568. {TAS-pdf}
If you have a question or a comment you may write to me at: tas4@schweich.com I sometimes post interesting questions in my FAQ, but I never disclose your full name or address.  


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Date and time this article was prepared: 2/10/2017 5:11:58 PM