Eastern Mojave Vegetation Field Notes (Continued)  
 

Tom Schweich  

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Contents
Literature Cited
 When I first read the field notes of Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg, I was fascinated by the descriptions they wrote about the places they went and the plants and animals they found there. By publishing my field notes on the Internet I hope to follow a little bit in their tradition.
  Glacier Point
 

2003

 
 

Saturday, March 22

 

Other articles: Bridge View Isle at Towata Pk
Full Size ImageColl. No, 322, Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum  

322  Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum (L.) Hilliard & B. L. Burtt. Jersey Cudweed.

Towata Park, City of Alameda, Alameda County, California. In the vacant lot across Bridgeview Isle from Towata Park, near Bay Farm Bridge abutment on Otis Drive (California Highway 61). 37.7501°N, 122.2369°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 3 m.

Coll. No. 322, 22 March 2003, characters observed while keying: Annual, to 25 cm., tap-rooted; Stem, branched at base, ascending, tomentose, without embedded translucent oil glands; Leaves, alternate, sessile to ±clasping, to 35 mm., not spiny, entire, leaves just below cluster of flowers shorter than cluster; Inflorescence, without strap-shaped corollas, flowers of 1 kind; Heads, many per flower stem; Involucre 3 mm.; Phyllaries in 2+ series, unequal in size and appearance, outermost transparent, inner have some green near base, not spiny; Receptacle epaleate; Pappus of fine bristles, 8-12+, shed in rings; Corollas, white to pink, radial (not bilateral).

 

My 2003 Trip To Spain

 

Monday, April 14th

 
  Our flight left San Francisco on time and we landed in Toronto a few minutes early. No one was wearing masks in San Francisco, so we did not put ours on either. The same in Toronto, no masks.
  Our plane landed in Madrid a few minutes early. I slept maybe 20 minutes on the flight. On the flight into Madrid we were handed a questionnaire about asking whether we had any fever or cough, where we were coming from, and where we were staying in Spain. These were collected in Madrid, but not reviewed at the collection point. The only mask we saw was in Madrid, worn by the medical person who was handing out a SARS information sheet.

Full Size ImageFirst morning in Spain at Atocha.  
We cleared customs and headed for the Metro station. After realizing that the walk was substantial, plus we carrying lots of baggage, and the knowledge that we would have to climb up and down stairs while we transferred twice in the Metro, we decided to take a taxi. The taxi fare from Barajas to Atocha was €18, including some additional charges for four pieces of luggage the driver had to handle.

Full Size ImageCountryside as seen from the Ave.
Full Size ImageSpanish countryside in the foothills of the Sierra Morena.  
At Atocha we had a light breakfast and then waited a few minutes for our train. We were a little late getting on the train as the baggage shelves were quite full, and another person was in our seat. After a little ticket-showing and gesturing, she agreed to change. The ride from Madrid to Sevilla was very pretty, the hills were quite green as Spain has been getting some rain lately. I tried to take some photos from the train, but all the fore- and middle-grounds were blurred by the high speed of the train.
  Our daughter, Rachel, met us at Estacion Santa Justa, and we took a taxi to our house. I took a shower and a short (2 hour) nap. A pair of leg cramps, both legs, cramped up solid, rudely awakened me. Maybe it would have been good to walk a little more when we arrived at Seville, rather than just crash for a nap.

Full Size ImageBeso de Judo: Four Guys and an Olive Tree Lurch Around the Corner  
Having been so rudely awakened, I dressed and then went out. My daughter and son in law live in a courtyard, so you have to have keys for the courtyard, the building and the apartment. I could hear some music and when I got to the street, it seemed like everyone was going one direction, toward the city center. So I followed them. There was a large crowd in Plaza Ponce de Leon, and I could see some purple "capirotes" crossing the plaza. After waiting a short time, music started to play and people would applaud. Then it got loud and from around a corner these four guys and an olive tree lurched around the corner and across the plaza disappearing into a small side street. I hope that doesn't sound horrible or like I'm some sort of cultural illiterate, because it was pretty impressive. I just had no idea what to expect. Loud music, incense, and these very imposing statues, moving in strange way. People were clapping in a very sharp, distinct way. It had a different qualify than the polite applause you might expect at a parade. It reminded me of the very sharp clapping we've heard at flamenco programs. Later, over coffee and the Semana Santa program, we figured out this was Beso de Judas, and they were off their normal route because they were returning to the church due to the threat of rain.
  In the evening, we thought we would catch some Salidas ("exits") from the churches. We went to Las Penas, Las Aguas, and El Museo. Each, however, had been cancelled because of the threat of rain.
  We had tapas at La Gigantica, and then turned in for the night.
 

Tuesday April 15th.

 
  We got up this morning and went down to La Gigantica on Plaza Ponce de Leon for coffee and tostada ("toast").

Full Size ImageVirgin Paso in Iglesia de la Anunciacion  
Down a little further we came to what looked like a church with the door open. People were going in and out, so we joined them. Inside were about 6 "pasos" (floats), and people were going in to see them. Later, outside, we learned this was the Iglesia de la Anunciacion, which is adjacent to the University of Seville School of Fine Arts. We don't know whether these pasos went out, but looking at the Practical Guide to Semana Santa from El Pais, it doesn't seem like they do. I took several photos, as it seemed to OK to do so. Later on TV we saw film of the same church. The candles had been lit for the filming.
  We walked down toward El Corte Ingles, a big Spanish department store, to buy my wife some socks. Then, we sat in the cafe under Hotel Americana until Rachel came to join us for lunch. It rained during and after lunch, sometimes hard, so we're thinking there won't be any pasos this afternoon. We came back to Rachel's apartment and are watching last year's Semana Santa on TV. The weather is breaking up a little bit, but not clearing. Some of the pasos have already been cancelled, but others are saying they may come out if the weather clears.
 

Tuesday April 15th Afternoon

 
  In the afternoon, we walked by two nearby churches to see if they were open. Sometimes if the pasos don't go out from the church because of rain, then the church will be open so people can come in and see them. However, the two nearby churches were not open. Since Rachel's friend Amalia was coming by, Rachel and my wife went back to the apartment, while Nacho and I went to the supermarket.

Full Size ImageWaiting to enter a church to see the pasos  
At the supermarket, we got some fruit. The routine is to get a plastic bag and a plastic hand mitt to pick up the fruit and put it in the bag. Then you weigh the fruit on a nearby scale and push the button that corresponds to the number of the item you got. The scale prints a label that you stick on the bag. Then you twist up the open end of the bag and push it through a little slot that neatly ties a tape around the bag. No twist ties here.

Full Size ImageThe Virgin paso in Candelaria  
Amalia was at the apartment when son in law and I returned. So we headed out and went to the three churches: San Esteban, Candelaria and Santa Cruz that Amalia knew were open. All three churches were scheduled to send out pasos today, but they cancelled because of rain. People were going to the churches, instead.

Full Size ImageNacho, Rachel, Amalia, and Cheryl at Candelaria.  
After visiting the churches, we went to a Gallego (Galician) tapas place. The tapas were quite a bit different. We had a Galician white wine called Ribeiro that was very mild. We also had pulpo (octopus), Patatas Brava (potatoes in a tomato sauce that Spaniards would consider to be spicy), Gambas Alioli (shrimp served in boiling olive oil with garlic), and something else I can't remember at the time.

Full Size ImageLa Bofeta "The Slap"  
By this time we learned that one paso had gone out, so we found a place at the end of Sierpes (main shopping street in Seville) to wait for the paso. It was very crowded, but we finally got to see one complete paso go by. This one was La Bofeta ("The Slap"). This paso depicts Christ before the High Priest Anas where the guy in the purple robe slaps him. The Nazarenos were all dressed in white. The comparison to Ku Klux Klan robes is very strong, but also unfortunate. The book says 650 total people. It didn't seem like that many to me. The Christ paso comes by first followed about 30 minutes later by the Virgin, each accompanied by their own band.
  After this paso went by, we walked Amalia home and then walked back to Rachel and Nacho's apartment getting home a little after midnight.
 

Wednesday, April 16th.

 
  This morning the sky is blue with not a cloud in the sky. We're going to try to see two pasos coming in from the city this afternoon: La Sed and San Bernardo. They are large pasos, one with 1300 people and the other with 1900 people.
  We went out, walking down to a neighborhood known as Alfalfa. We got cafe con leche in one place, and then had lunch at another. We ordered a 1/2 ration of Ensalada Mixta (Mixed Salad: lettuce, onion, tomato, and tuna), and a 1/2 ration of Chicken Breast. The salad was quite large, and the chicken breast was 3 breasts, so we should have ordered chicken breast as a tapas, i.e., much smaller portions.

Other articles: Field Notes Thursday, February 19, 2004
Full Size ImageLos Nazarenos de San Bernardo
Full Size ImageFamily Watching The Pasos  

After lunch we walked up to watch the first paso, San Bernardo. We were afraid we had missed it because they were already going by. But this is a very long paso, and after 20 minutes the Cristo went by. According to the program, this Christ is dead on the cross. Then we waited for the virgin about another 20 minutes.
Full Size Image
The Cristo Paso of San Bernardo
Full Size Image
Virgin Paso from San Bernardo
  After the virgin went by, we left to go find another paso: La Sed ("The Thirst"). We wound through the passages of old Seville following other people who seemed to know where they were going, and in a hurry. We arrived at La Sed, just as the Cristo was going by. Since they stop and rest every 100 yards or so, we were able to get ahead of the paso, and then stop to watch it go by. This Cristo apparently refers to Jesus' words, "I thirst." After a while the Virgin went by. It seems like many of the parishioners follow along behind the virgin. After they went by, we made our way back to Rachel and Nacho's apartment.
  My wife and I went back to Rachel's apartment to meet her after work. But she was late and rushed, so my wife and I went to Christo de Burgos to watch a salida. The street in front of the church was packed. Then an ambulance went by and we had to pack in tighter to make room for it. There were people trying to walk right behind the ambulance to get through the crowd, but after the ambulance the crowd surged back into the ambulance's wake. Then we watched salida of the Cristo and then the Virgin.

Full Size ImageGarden of Gethsemene  
At Rachel's apartment we determined to watch one more paso, down in the center of Sevilla. The streets were extremely crowded and we couldn't move. The paso depicted Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane, but they set it down around the corner from our location, and then moved quickly across the intersection where we were standing. Our view was very short, but we waited until the virgin passed.
  After the paso, we tried to eat at a bar near my Rachel and Nacho's apartment, but the restaurant was very busy and got the orders mixed up, so we had to wait a long time, and it was late when we got back to the apartment.
 

Thursday April 17th

 
  This morning we got up late and took a while getting ready to go. son in law and I walked over to get the car at the Hertz office at Estacion Santa Justa. The car was an Opel ____, a small mini-van. It was a little bigger than Ford Focus Wagon I had in mind, but it is OK.
  Nacho drove the car back to the apartment. It was a good thing because the police stopped us. They were not letting cars into the neighborhood, in preparation for the day's pasos. Nacho explained that he lived in the neighborhood, and waved a piece of paper that had his address, and the police let us through. We parked for a few minutes in the basement garage. Nacho went up and got Rachel, my wife, and they brought the luggage.
  I was happy to let Nacho drive out of town. At one point the street was so narrow, Rachel had to fold back the mirror. We went north out of town to A-92, the highway to Granada.

Locations: Osuna.
Full Size ImageThe main plaza in Osuna.  

We drove to Osuna in about an hour. At the Plaza Mayor, we parked and had lunch in a small cafe bar. We had Boccarones in Vinegar, Gambas ____(Deep-fired shrimp), Chicken in a sauce from the Azores (adobo ?), and Ensalada Rusa, a kind of Potato Salad.

Full Size ImageView of countryside south of Osuna  
After eating lunch, we walked up to the top of the town. There was a old building there, not really a castle, and a fine view of the surrounding countryside.

Locations: Puerto del Suspiro de Moro. Valle de Lecrín.  

Leaving Osuna, I took over driving, and after a false start, we got off in good shape. Drove past Granada, getting a glimpse of the Alhambra at one point. Very quickly we were over the Puerto del Suspiro de Moro and in Valle de Lecrín and the Mediterranean watershed.

Full Size ImageThe road between Orgiva and Pampaneira  
Very soon, we exited the freeway and drove a few miles to Lanjaron. Here we got gas and continued to Orgiva, then turned off for Pampaneira, Bubion and Capileira. The roads are a bit narrow, and the drop off is steep but the drive is easy.

Locations: Capileira.  

In Capileira, we drove up through the town to Finca Las Llanos at the top of Capileira. We checked in and then walked down into the town, in search of tourist information. The tourist place was closed. Opens at 9:00 AM tomorrow morning. The we walked to the Church, to see if there was going to be a paso in Capileira tonight. There was no notice on the door, but we asked a man standing outside the church. He said there would be a small paso after Mass.
  We were a bit hungry, so we went to a local market and bought some food. Back at Finca Los Llanos we had a small snack and them walked down into town. At the church, we waited until Mass was over but there was no paso.

Literature Cited:
- Anonymous, n.d..
- Pascual, Jose Pascual Real., n.d..
Full Size ImageIce Cream at Café Europa  

At Cafe Europa, which we learned specialized in ice cream, we had ice cream and coffee. We also bought the recreation map of Las Alpujarras and a book about the region. The Alpujarra book is: Pascual, Jose Pascual Real. n.d. La Alpujarra. Barcelona Spain: Editorial Escudo de Oro S.A. ISBN: 84-378-1614-9. The map does not have copyright information but includes a booklet about the region and the bibliographic reference is: Anonymous. n.d. Sierra Nevada National Park: Alpujarras, Marquesado del Zenete. Granada, Spain: Editorial Penibetica. ISBN: 84-931217-8-9.
  We are now back at Finca Los Llanos, and watching the news.
 

Friday, April 18th

 

Locations: Pampaneira.
Full Size ImageRachel and Tom with Pampaneira in the background.  

This morning we had a brief snack, and headed down to Pampaneira, because that is where the local information center is. Tried to arrive in the Aparcamiento, but it was quite full so we returned to a spot just above town.

Locations: Pampaneira.
Full Size ImageBreakfast of toast with olive oil and pureed tomato.
Full Size ImageBreakfast in the main plaza of Pampaneira  

We arrived a little early, so had breakfast of café con leche and tostada with aciete and tomate in the plaza outside. The tostada was a sliced bun that was lightly toasted. On this we drizzled olive oil, and then spooned pureed tomato. A little salt helped it immensely. Accustomed as I am to my oatmeal or eggs for breakfast, I was a little dubious. But it was quite good (a little salt helps), and carried us through until lunch.

Locations: Pampaneira.
Full Size ImageSmall street with grape vines overhead.  

The information center opened at 11:00 AM. It was primarily for Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada, with some very nice interpretive displays, but they also had other local information as well. I saw one very tempting book, a flora of endemic plants to Parque Nacional, published by the Junta de Andalucia for €36. There are three Gentians found in the park, but no Frasera.

Locations: Orgiva.
Full Size ImageBuying turron at the crafts fair.  

Then we drove further down to Orgiva to see their Feria (Fair) of local foods and crafts. This was primarily for promotion of local producers and vendors. Featured were jamon (ham), wine, and confections. There was one blacksmith making furniture and one potter who was turning a pot. A local tile maker was exhibiting their tiles that I wish were available in the United States. When we were redoing our bathroom, we had lots of choice of Italian tile, but no Spanish tile was available in the Bay Area. There were also a couple of weavers. My favorite was the turron, a confection of almonds, sugar and honey, and Rachel took a photograph of me trying to buy some. The seller kept wanting to give us samples, I guess not realizing that we wanted to buy some turron as well.
  From there we walked into the town a little bit, as Rachel wanted to buy some cough medicine. It took a bit of walking to find an open Pharmacy, but eventually they did. At the church, we learned that Orgiva has a paso tonight. They are taking Cristo out in the sepulcher followed by the virgin. We watched the pasos being prepared, with white chrysanthemums at the feet of the virgin, and a few more in the ferns decorating the Cristo paso. Rachel and Nacho may want to drive down to see it but I think my wife and I might pass on the opportunity.

Locations: Rio Guadalfeo.
Full Size ImageThe Rio Guadalfeo near Orgiva.  

Walked back to the Feria and got our car, heading south and east looking for a place to have lunch. The highway south from Orgiva crosses over the Guadalfeo, where it joins another large highway connecting Motril to Torvizcón and on to Cadiar and Ugijar.

Other articles: Alpujarra Torvizcón

Locations: Torvizcón.
Full Size ImageJudas tree (Cercis siliquastrum L.) tree in front of bar where we had lunch.  

At Torvizcón, there were several places to eat on the highway. Torvizcón is on a rambla (wash) of the same name. We drove through tiny streets until we came to the town square. There was a restaurant there, but no parking places. We parked back down by the rambla, and walked a block back to the town square. They had no menu, but simply asked whether we wanted fish or meat. Unable to choose, we chose one of each. The fish was some sort of deep-fried fish, and the meat was maybe pork shoulder sliced very thin, and served between two pieces of bread. Each came with several slices of very good ripe tomato. We asked for a second helping of both. This time the fish was more like swordfish, sliced very thin and fried, whereas the pork was very similar to bacon. The plaza had some trees that I'm sure were Cercis (Redbud). The flowers were a little larger than our redbud, but the leaves were very, very similar.
Full Size Image
Torvizcón beside its rambla.

Locations: Orgiva. Rio Guadalfeo.
Full Size ImageRio Guadalfeo with Orgiva in background.  

On our return we stopped for a photo of the Guadalfeo valley, and then again at an overlook between Pampaneira and Bubion. The views were almost opposite each other, as the dam across the Guadalfeo could be seen from both sides. I remember reading about this dam. Apparently it has rarely gotten full, because there just isn't enough sustained runoff, and it has nearly filled with sediment because of the occasional floods with huge sediment loads. Even the bed of the Guadalfeo is braided in places, an indication that the sediment load is far greater than the capacity of the river.
  Back at Finca Los Llanos, we have had a Siesta and now, at least, I am stirring.

Full Size ImageSucculent in a terrace wall near Capileira
Full Size ImageCapileira from above on a cool hazy afternoon.
Full Size ImageThe beginnings of the middle trail "sendero" from Capileira  
After bringing my journal up to date, I went out briefly. Walked to the edge of town and then out on a little trail. It began to climb quickly. Below I could see a good wide trail that left from a lower parking lot of Capileira. This must be the trail up the canyon.
  Tonight we sampled the buffet at Finca Los Llanos. They served a limited salad, with chicken, fish, potatoes and swiss chard as the main course. Not quite a Hometown Buffet, but enough to each. Quality: OK; price: a little steep at €9 a plate.
 

Saturday April 19th.

 

Full Size ImageRain and snow in the morning.  
Today was to be our walking day, but I woke up early in the morning to the sound of rain. As the clouds lifted in the valley we could see snow across the canyon, just a few meters above the level of our hotel. As the morning progressed the rain stopped, so after breakfast at Cafe Europa, we went to the little store, bought some supplies and set off for our day's walk.

Locations: Barranco del Poqueira.  

From the lower parking lots of Capileira that I saw yesterday, we took a broad path that headed up the canyon (Barranco del Poqueira) to the bridge called Puente Buchite.

Full Size ImageStable beside the trail.  
We passed by a grove of almond trees in bloom, and numerous small outbuildings.
  Just before Puente Buchite, I slipped and in the process of catching myself shredded the skin on the side of my thumb. I was, of course, fully equipped for this accident, and staunched the flow of blood with an old, used Kleenex.

Locations: Puente Buchite.
Full Size ImagePuente Buchite  

At Puente Buchite, we sampled the water of Rio Poqueira. It was very cold, having come directly from the snow, and a little milky, perhaps with rock flour from the high mountains.
  Immediately after crossing Puente Buchite, the trail climbs away from Rio Poqueira, and travels up the canyon, climbing from terrace to terrace.

Full Size ImageShelter from the light rain.  
The weather continued to be sun and clouds with wind and occasional light rain. We stood under a little shelter to get a break from wind, then pressed on.

Full Size ImageThreshing floor to right of trail.  
We saw many rock lined circular platforms along the way. I thought maybe they were to catch the rain, but Rachel and Nacho got it right, that they are for threshing of grain. Every little ranch or finca had one. Later a man would confirm this for us, and point out that they are built at an exposed location to catch the wind to blow away the chaff.

Full Size ImageWalking in the fog.  
We were passed by one hiking group, most of whom were speaking German. Some of them were equipped for some serious hiking, with poles and boots and daypacks with rain covers.

Full Size ImageLooking across Barranco del Poqueira.  
The fog would come and go, sometimes the sun would tantalize us a bit and the fog would lift enough for a view of the other side of the canyon. At this place we could hear some bells for a flock of sheep, but we never saw them until we were on the opposite side of the canyon.

Full Size ImageFinal climb to Haza Llana.
Full Size ImageLa Cebadilla with Mulhacen in background.  
Finally we made a descent from Haza Llana to Puente Naute at La Cebadilla. Rachel pointed out the black sand beach along side the river, being the dark minerals from the schist. At some old buildings above the river, we had our lunch of bread, cheese, salami, and oranges.
  Thoroughly chilled from sitting still while we ate our lunch, we started our return along the road to La Cebadlla.

Full Size ImageSun on opposite bank, under a bank of fog.  
From the road we could look back across the canyon and see the sheep that we heard on the ranch below. They were a small flock, maybe 30 sheep, and were moving from terrace to terrace.

Full Size ImageView across the Barranco
Full Size ImageHouse above the road.  
About half way back to Capileira, we crossed Acequia de los Lugares. Here a path aptly named "Camino Capileira" left the main road. It generally followed the aqueduct across the side of the canyon.

Full Size ImageHouse above the road.  
We came upon a man and his sheep (mixed with a few goats) at his house. We asked about the threshing floors and he told us about them. He also said that each ranch had their own threshing floor to minimize conflict with neighbors.
  Soon the trail dropped right down into Capileira, at the point I explored last night.
  We stopped at Cafe Europa for a little refreshment, then returned to Finca Los Llanos for a short nap.
  Now, at 7:00 PM, it is clear outside, with just a few clouds around the mountain peaks. It is also quite breezy, so there isn't any haze built up in the canyon.

Full Size ImageDinner at Restaurante Alpuxarra.  
For dinner we went to Restaurante Alpuxarra, just across the road from Finca los Llanos. son in law and I had the Plato Alpuxarreño, which was a blood sausage, another sausage something chorizo, patatas pobres, and a fried egg. I tasted the blood sausage and decided it wasn't for me. The papas a la pobres were fried with onion and pepper and of course lots of olive oil, so while burned in some places they were not crisp.
  Yesterday, today's forecast for this region was mixed clouds and sun, but no rain. I'm thinking that today we saw some local weather effects from the Sierra Nevada. While other areas may have had just a few clouds, perhaps the clouds along moisture from the Mediterranean, only 20 km away, rising and cooling, produced the rain and snow. This morning as soon as the sun hit the canyon, a fog formed in the lower part of the canyon, blowing upward and obscuring the sun for us. Sometimes the sun could burn through the fog and clouds, other times to orographic effect was just too strong.
  It was an interesting day. I wish it were just a little bit warmer, but I certainly can't complain.
  Not sure what tomorrow will bring. I'm hoping it will be another walking day, maybe Capileira to Bubion to Pitres and return, but we'll see what the group wants to do. Then Monday, we are off for a brief visit to Granada before returning to Sevilla.
 

Sunday, April 20th

 
  Raining again this morning and, as the clouds lift, we can see snow down lower than yesterday. At about 10:00, blue sky breaks overhead.
  We tried to go to the museum in Capileira. The sign said it opened at 1130 am on Sundays. But, this Sunday, probably because it was Easter Sunday, the museum wasn't open.

Full Size ImageGoats grazing along the road above Capileira
Full Size ImageWalking toward Loma de las Palominicas
Full Size ImageCistus albidus on Loma de las Palominicas  
Then, while my wife and my daughter relaxed, son in law and I set off up the hill. We climbed up the road until it doubled back, where we took a dirt road to cross the ridge. The sign on the road said, "Cortijo Prado Toro." I think we walked by Pena del Angel and walked as far as La Cuerda on Loma de los Palominicas.
Full Size Image
Lavender on Loma de las Palominicas
  Out near the end of the ridge, we saw a mountain sheep, or an ibex. I got one photograph of it before it bounded away, so maybe when I get my photographs developed, we can identify it.

Locations: Torvizcón.  

Heard some percussion, and looked to the south. It looked like fireworks and, while we could not see the town, it seemed like it was likely Torvizcón. The time was 13:20, so we think the fireworks were preparatory to the burning of Judas at 13:30, followed by the paella at 14:30.

Full Size ImageBubión and Capileira with Veleta in background.  
We had very good views of Bubion and Capileira from the ridge.

Full Size ImageEast end of the Valle de Lecrín.  
Looking the other way, we could see all the way to the Mediterranean.

Full Size ImageCeiling construction with chestnut beams and slate.
Full Size ImageCabin on the ridge above Capileira.
Full Size ImageIbex? Mountain Goat?  
Among the plants we saw were Rock Rose (Cistus sp.) and Lavender (Lavandula sp.). It is interesting to see these common garden plants growing in the wild state. On the way back to town, we noticed three species of broom growing together, co-existing with each other and the other plants.
  I also saw a little white flower, with the buds recurved,
  This afternoon we had lunch at the Pizza place just below the church. I had the Alpujarreña Pizza. It was a basic cheese pizza with pieces of the chorizo-like sausage that came with my dinner last night.
  After lunch, my wife and I shopped a bit in Capileira. We bought a woven purse for my wife and a similar purse for Tamara. In another store we bought a little shrine for Shi, and my wife picked out a plate she liked that depicts Capileira.
  Then we went back to the hotel and rested a bit. For dinner we finished the leftover pizza and had some other snacks.
 

Monday, April 21st.

 

Locations: Pampaneira.
Full Size ImageSmall street in Pampaneira.  

This morning we packed and drove to Pampaneira for breakfast. Again we had aceite and tomate on toast. We shopped a bit in Pampaneira. I got a rug for the bathroom.

Full Size ImagePinos del Valle and the Sierra de las Guajaras  
We drove from Pampaneira, stopping once to buy oranges, and another time to look over the Lecrin Valley and the town of Pinos del Valle on the other side.

Full Size ImageSmall street in the Albaicin.
Full Size ImagePlaza Nueva with the Alcazaba of La Alhambra above.
Full Size ImageLooking the other way, we liked the yellow color of the building on the right.  
We drove into Granada through very traffic in what now seemed like a very big city. Parked underneath Plaza Real, and walked up toward El Albaicin. We got Falafel for lunch at the Falafel shop and ate it on a pack bench in Plaza Nueva. I took a photo of a building that my wife liked the color of.

Full Size ImageLa Alhambra from Mirador de Nicolas.
Full Size ImageView south from Mirador de San Nicolas.
Full Size ImageCheryl's camera view from the Mirador de San Nicolas.  
Then we walked up to Mirador de San Nicolas for a view of La Alhambra. It was a bit of a climb, as it is just as high as the Alhambra, but a nice view as well.

Full Size ImageAt a tea shop in the Albaicin.
Full Size ImageOlive trees on a hillside between Sevilla and Granada.
Full Size ImageFields between Granada and Sevilla.  
After the view we walked down into the Albaicin. I guess I'm just not very impressed by the shops and what they have to sell. But, anyway, we took a little break at a tea shop (I had fresh-squeezed orange juice), and then we walked back to get the car. Traffic was pretty heavy on the highway until we left Granada. Driving time from the outskirts of Granada to Sevilla was just over two hours.
  my wife made a salad and fried some chicken in olive oil. That and a little bread made a fine dinner. We also started a load of clothes in the washer.
 

Tuesday, April 22nd.

 
  This morning it is raining. The clothes we washed last night are hanging on the inside clothes line. A few of them are dry this morning, but most are a bit damp. my wife has been snoozing while I e-mail. I think after she gets dressed, we're going to the market to get some food for lunch and dinner. Then maybe tonite, we will go look at the house that my daughter and son in law are interested in.
  my wife and I walked to the supermarket in the rain. Along the way we had a cafe con leche. In the supermarket, we couldn't find the spinach, and ultimately decided they didn't have any today. Also we bought the only package of broccoli. For the asparagus, we couldn't find the number, so I asked a man who was shopping himself. Turns out that Asparagus bought fresh in little bunches was "trigero" not "esparrago" maybe because they are thin little sprouts instead of the large thick spears. Otherwise I think we got every thing OK.
  However, after buying the groceries, we looked outside and it was just pouring rain. The streets were water from curb to curb. After watching and waiting for a while, we decided to make a run for it. Since I had my Gortex shell, I put up the parka and carried two bags and two water jugs without the umbrella. my wife took two bags with her umbrella. Well, we were pretty soaked when we got back to my daughter and son in law's apartment.
  For lunch, my wife fixed the broccoli and ravioli, with a little leftover salad from last night.

Full Size ImageDuplex in housing development.
Full Size ImageLooking west, highway to Huelva.
Full Size ImageHousing development in Bormujos.  
After a rest we drove out to Bormujos to look at a house my daughter and son in law are interested in. It has three stories, The ground floor has a kitchen, bathroom and a combination dining/living area. The second floor has three bedrooms, including a master bedroom with a bath, and a shared bathroom for the other bedrooms. The upper floor has a bedroom and a 3/4 bath. It's in a new development area on the edge of an established older town, about 5 km west of Sevilla. There is a new university, CEU, about 5 blocks away, and a hospital a little closer.
Full Size Image
Development plan for Ciudad de Universitario.
  After looking at the house, we went to La Taberna El Potro in Gines for dinner. We got there a little early, so we sat in a coffee shop across the street and nursed our cafe con leche until the tavern opened about 8:45 PM. For dinner, we had deep-fried zucchini, pescado adobo (fried fish in a slightly spicy batter), a very thin piece of pork loin with some french fries that was very tasty, and an artichole scramble (revuelto). El Potro had a nice atmosphere, and was decorated with historic artifacts, farm implements, and the like.
 

Wednesday, April 23rd

 
  This morning the sky was blue, with a few clouds coming in from the southwest. We organized ourselves and walked down to the Alcazar.
  On the way, we stopped at a convent and bought a dozen magdalenas for a snack.

Full Size ImageRachel and Cheryl at the entrance to the Alcazar.
Full Size ImageStandard view inside the Alcazar.
Full Size ImageGardens of the Alcazar.  
We had visited the Alcazar once during our first visit in 1999. I mistakenly took my analog camera, so I didn't have a flash, therefore no photos inside the building. Also my film is ASA 200, because the store in Capileira did not have ASA 400 film. I took a few photos of the inside courtyards, but the light was very low because of the clouds, so we'll see what the results are.
  We ate some of the magdalenas in the gardens of the Alcazar. A pair of mallard ducks waddled over to beg for a handout. After the snack we walked through the gardens and the grotesque wall.
  My daughter took us up through the Barrio de Santa Cruz on our way back to her apartment, including along the street called "Agua." A section of the old city wall is on one side of the street and the wall includes a segment of the original aqueduct that brought water to Sevilla. Hence the name Agua. I guess this is also the street where my daughter, son, and daughter in law have a photo of them in the pouring rain, during their visit a couple of years ago.
  I think this afternoon we will have a little rest, and then maybe do some shopping downtown.
  After Siesta, we walked down to Sierpes, Campana, and El Corte Ingles. My destination was Sevilla Rock, a music store. In the basement we found a CD that I have been looking for. It is produced by a group called "Acetre" from Oliviendo in Extremadura. I have heard them on the Internet, but their CD isn't imported into the United States. This was a good find. It was the only CD by Acetre in the store. I also found a CD by a group called "Luar Na Lubre" who play music from Portugal and Galicia. my wife found a two CD set of Semana Santa music that we can regale our friends with upon our return.
  We also shopped Sierpes and another street a little closer to the river. After walking home we had a light dinner and went to bed.
 

Thursday April 24th.

 

Locations: Carmona.  

This morning we determined to go to Carmona. We took the bus to the San Sebastian bus station, where we thought we could catch the bus to Carmona. When we didn’t see any ticket sellers for Carmona, we asked the information guy. He gave us the schedule and told us to wait at the end of the platform for the bus to Carmona, and that we would have to pay the driver.
  The bus pretty much left on time, but for the first half hour, it would its way through city streets picking people up. Some pickup points were clearly bus stops. Other pickup points just seemed to be people standing in the oleanders by the side of the road.
  It took about an hour to get to Carmona, with the bus stop conveniently just outside the Sevilla gate of the old city. We went to the tourist information center strategically located inside the Sevilla gate and got a map. Asking about bathrooms, we were told to go to the Market Plaza (Plaza de Mercado). On the way we came to the Casa Palacio de Los Dominguez, which we discovered was now a library. We found bathrooms inside the library. We walked through the Plaza de Mercado on the way to the Parador, but didn't really stop to look or buy anything.
  We went to be Parador to see the view from the terrace. We thought we might also relax and have something to drink. Unfortunately, the terrace was closed for construction, so we couldn't do that. we did walk along the road to the north of the Parador to see the view. Today was a pleasantly warm day, with a few clouds coming in from the Gulf of Cadiz, and a few light breezes. From this overlook, we could see a long way in the Guadalquivir Valley.
  From there, we went to the Museum of Carmona. The 2€ entrance price is well worth it. This is a nice interpretive museum of the prehistory and current history of Carmona. There is also a nice exhibition of paintings by Carmen Diaz, who must have been a local painter. She painted portraits, landscapes, and city scenes.
  We had lunch at a Cafe Bar in Plaza de San Fernando, perhaps the main plaza of the old city. We had Ensalada Mixta, Espinaca con Garbanzos, and I added a Mortadilo de filete lomo de puerco (a small sandwich of fried fileted pork loin). We also tried to order Setas a la plancha, but they were out of setas.
  From there we walked down to the Cordoba gate, looked around, and then headed for the Hotel Casa de Corboda. This is a very fancy hotel, four stars, and might be worth a visit.
  Now we walked through the city en route to the Sevilla Gate. I took a couple of photographs of the snapdragon that grows in the rain gutters here.
  We were a little early for the next bus, so we sat for a time in the shade in a park below the Sevilla gate.
  Our bus left right at Five, and we got off near the shopping center Nervion. We waited while my daughter did a little bit of business. Then we took a bus to Plaza Encarnacion, and walked a short block home.
 

Friday April 25th

 

Full Size ImageStreet Sign  
Today we did not do much, because we were recovering from colds. However, in the afternoon we went to Bormujos again with my daughter and son in law to look at the house.

Full Size ImageHabanita Restaurant  
We had dinner at Habanita, C/ Golfo 3 in Alfalfa. This is a Cuban / Vegetarian restaurant with a little of something for everyone. Very popular, though, there was no seating left after 9:30 PM. We had fried banana balls; chicken in curry with pineapple, salmorejo, and some other things I can't remember.
 

Saturday April 26th

 
  Walked down to the book store on Sierpes and my daughter and son in law bought a couple of books for home owners in Spain. Then we went over to El Corte Ingles, where we bought some things to bring home. This included some supreme quality turron for my wife and I to take to work.

Full Size ImageSmall street near Puerto Osario
Full Size ImageIntersection of puerto del Osario and Escuelas Pias.  
On the way back we had lunch in the Plaza Santa Marta. We had acetunas, paella, and patatas alioli. son in law and I walked home to start our siesta, while my wife and my daughter stayed behind in the plaza to watch a wedding.
  After a long nap, we went out for coffee in the Plaza Los Terceros, and then to the supermarket. We had a relaxing afternoon, and then my daughter and son in law made dinner.
 

Sunday, April 27th.

 
  This morning, or the Spanish equivalent of morning, meaning before 3:00 PM, we set forth for Rio Tinto. we drove north from Sevilla on N-630 to Las Nieves. my wife and I had been that far in 1999, when we drove as far north as Monesterio. However, at Los Nieves we turned on C-421 to Nerva and Minas de Riotinto.

Literature Cited:
- Hudson-Edwards, Karen A., Mark G, Macklin, Paul Brewer, Tom J. Coulthard, Andy J. Howard, Mette F. Nielsem, Jon Turner, Heather E. Jamieson & Vicki H. Remenda., 2000.
- Querol X., Alastuey A., López-Soler A., Plana F., Mesas A., Ortiz L., Alzaga R., Bayona J.M. & J. De La Rosa, 1999.

Locations: Rio Guadiamar.  

Just after turning off at Los Nieves, we stopped where the road crossed the Rio Guadimar. There were lots of wild flowers, as it is now the height of spring at the lower elevations in Andalucia. I saw a Polygonum that looked much like the one we have in our front yard; oleanders growing by the river, a lavender, and lots of other wild flowers I did not recognize.
Full Size Image
Anchusa sp.on the Rio Guadiamar.
Full Size Image
Tom by the Rio Guadiamar

Locations: Rio Tinto.
Full Size ImageNacho and me at the Museo de Rio Tinto  

Leaving the Rio Guadimar we drove to Minas de Riotinto and to the museum. It was open when we arrived, but was closing for an hour at 3:00 PM. We had a quick look around. This museum is a worthwhile stop, if you are interested in mining, the Romans in Spain, or Spanish archeology of any age.
  One thing we learned is that an extra-charge guided tour is required to look into the Corta Atalaya (the Big Hole).

Full Size ImageCistus sp. common in the understory.  
The museum also has a replica of the Roman mine workings. It also requires a guided tour, that I believe is conducted once an hours. Inside the replica is a working pair of the water wheels that the Romans used to de-water the mines. We learned that the Roman mine workings were about 100 meters deep, that the Romans did not recognize the gold in the Gossan deposit, but were after the silver under the gold. Of course, the Romans did not work in the mines themselves. They used slaves to work the mines. Once in the mines, the slaves never left. They also used the children of the slaves to work in the small ore shoots.

Full Size ImageLos Domingueros have a picnic at Rio Tinto
Full Size ImageLos Domingueros have a picnic at Rio Tinto  
When the museum closed we set about looking for a place to have lunch. We drove close to the Corta Atalaya, but were stopped by a large gate. We tried a little side road that took us to a large open area. Here we had lunch, in the shade of the Pine Trees, surrounded by Rock Roses.

Locations: Rio Tinto.
Full Size ImageCorta Atalaya, the largest pit at Rio Tinto.  

After lunch we walked down the bank and over to the Mirador (the looking place) to look into the pit. It was a short walk, and fairly easy. The Corta Atalaya is 1220 meters in length and 335 meters deep. There was a locomotive still in the pit, about 2/3 down. From the Mirador, the locomotive is a pretty small dot.
  We went back to the museum, where my wife, my daughter, and son in law had coffee, while I walked back through the entire museum. One thing I learned is that the oldest Bronze Age artifact has been dated at 800 B.C. That means that the mines have been active for at least 2,800 years, and probably longer. There were Paleolithic artifacts, Bronze age, Roman, and Celtic artifacts, including dolmens.
  They made me buy some souvenirs, so I bought a tee shirt and a hat.
  Leaving Minas de Riotinto we drove south through El Madroño and Berrocal. Just before entering Berrocal, we stopped to take some photos, and discovered some local pigs behind the stone wall. They came over to see us, presumably in hopes of a handout.

Full Size ImageRio Tinto from the H 5137 highway bridge near Berrocal.  
Below Berrocal, we came to a bridge over Rio Tinto. Here we stopped for photographs. The yellow color of the river seems mostly to be an iron sediment at this point. Then we drove east on the small road from Berrocal, then south on N 435 and A 493. At one point we crossed the Rio Tinto again. It was still quite tinted at this point. Near La Palma de Condado, we joined A 49, the main highway between Sevilla and Huelva, where we turned west to Sevilla.
  son in law did a good job of driving, and my daughter navigated, to help me get the Triple Crown of Rio Tinto: the Museum, the Big Hole, and the River, while earning the hat and t-shirt!
 

Monday April 28th

 
  Today we said goodbye to my daughter and son in law and took the Ave to Madrid. I was a little concerned about getting a taxi, but it worked out OK. We walked down to the Plaza Ponce de Leon (where I saw the four guys and the olive tree lurch around the corner) and watched for a taxi. An available taxi has a green light on the top, and a "Libre" sign in the window. Anyway, one came pretty quickly, and we got in for the ride to Estacion Santa Justa.
  When we arrived at Santa Justa, the platform for our train was not announced yet, so my wife had Cafe con Leche and a croissant, while I had some fresh-squeezed Orange Juice.
  For the ride from Sevilla to Madrid, we had window seats, on the single seat side of the train. We tried to see Carmona from the train but could not. While the sky was overcast in Sevilla, it cleared progressively as we rode north. The countryside was still quite green, as the rain has continued over the two weeks of our vacation.
  In Madrid, we took a taxi from Atocha to Hotel Mora at Paseo del Prado, 32. Well, had we known, we would have walked, as the hotel was quite close to the train station. In fact, the hotel was across the street and up about half a block.
  When we went by the Prado, my wife noticed the banners for the Vermeer exhibit, something she would very much like to see.
  Upon check-in to the hotel, the clerk gave me a long speech in Spanish about "muchos robos," many robbers that we took as advice to be careful. After checking in to the hotel, we walked across the street to the entrance of the Botanical Garden to check its opening hours. It was open until 8:00 PM, so we determined to see the Vermeer exhibit. Unfortunately, today is a Monday, a day on which all the museums are closed. So we walked down to the Botanical Garden.
  The Garden is quite large and we walked its length several times. It was also quite winday, so the dust and pollen were swirling about. The tulips were done, and the iris winding down. The Buckeye and a K_______ were at the height of their bloom. We also saw a Ceanothus thrysiflorus in bloom.
  Leaving the garden, we thought of going to the Parque del Retiro. We walked up through a construction zone to the park and entered the nearest gate. It wasn't very nice in there, with some rough-looking characters, so we left and walked north to the next gate. This seemed to be a main gate.
  There were lots of people sitting on benches and sunbathing on the grass. Walking in a little further, we came to a lake. People were out on the lake in little row boats, and there is a cafe, as well as a couple of food stands. Here we got an ice cream -- a Magnum Almendra -- vanilla ice cream covered with chocolate with almonds, all on a stick.
  There was a guy reciting poetry to recorded music, some of the poetry he recited from memory and some he read.
  On the way back to the hotel, we looked in the Starbucks. It looked very much like a Starbucks at home. Didn't have Sulawesi, and in addition to the traditional Starbucks coffee drinks, they had added Cafe Mista that we decided was the Starbucks equivalent of Cafe con Leche.
  We walked back down to the hotel, and took a little rest before dinner. I think it was about 8:45 PM that we went down for dinner.
 

Tuesday April 29th.

 
  This morning we got up pretty early, because we wanted to be at the Prado when it opened at 9:00 PM.
  After the typical breakfast of Cafe con Leche, Zumo de Naranja, and Tostada, we walked over to the Prado and waited in a short line to enter.
  We walked through the Vermeer exhibit. There were about 12 paintings by Vermeer and about 20-24 paintings by his contemporaries. But "The Girl with the Pearl Earring" wasn't there. We walked through a couple of other galleries, and then left, returning to our hotel to check out. We took a taxi to Barajas, 17€ this time.
  The flight to Toronto is about 80% full. Took off on time, and now we are over Labrador or Newfoundland.
 

Sunday 25-May

 
  This morning I left home and drove through the fog and drizzle through Salinas.
  Exited US Hwy 101 at Arroyo Seco Road, thinking I would stop by Mission Soledad. Unfortunately I made a wrong turn (or didn’t see the sign), and remained on Arroyo Seco Road until it entered the canyon. Here I turned back on County Route G16 to Greenfield.
  South of King City I left US Hwy 101 at Wildhorse Road and then followed the old highway, now known as Cattlemen Road, through San Lucas and San Ardo, back to US Hwy 101.
  Exited briefly at Alvarado Road for a photo of the San Ardo oil fields.
  In the afternoon, we decided to visit Cuesta Ridge. The fog was pouring over the ridge, but we found a sunny spot in the Botanic Area where the Sergeant Cypress is. As the fog cleared a little more, we climbed a ridge to check the view.
  The fog came back in quickly and swirled around us as we picked our way back to the car.
 

Monday 26-May

 
  Left Atascadero about 8:15 AM and drove to Bakersfield for supplies. Next Stop was Riotinto Borax visitor center. Very nice display and video. Unfortunately, the viewpoint doesn’t permit a view all the way to the bottom of the pit.
  Got gas at Baker – 99° -- and then drove to Pinto Mountain. Calochortus kennedyi out in force. A couple of other little things in bloom, but otherwise not much to see.
  Only one rosette of Frasera albomarginata and that one was in my plot. No other rosettes seen around the plot. Collected a few things to verify determinations.
  Colected four plants at Pinto Mountain, one is Calochortus kennedyi. The other three remain to be determined. See my Eastern Mojave field notes for details.

Full Size ImageCollection No. 308, Calochortus kennedyi
Full Size ImageCollection No. 308, Calochortus kennedyi  
308  Calochortus kennedyi Porter. Desert Mariposa Lily.

Pinto Mountain, San Bernardino County, California. 14.5 km north of Hole-in-the-Wall. 35.1755°N, 115.3866°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1650 m.

Other articles: Cedar Canyon Road Pinto Mountain
Full Size ImageColl. No. 309, Syntrichopappus fremontii  

309  Syntrichopappus fremontii A. Gray. Yellow-Ray Fremont's-Gold.

Pinto Mountain, San Bernardino County, California. South side of Pinto Mountain. 35.1754°N, 115.3862°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1658 m.

Collected under Permit#: MOJA-2001-SCI-0015, Vegetation of Lobo Point and North Wild Horse Mesa.

Coll. No. 309, 25 May 2003, characters observed while keying: Annual, tap-rooted, to 15 cm., generally tomentose throughout; Stem, decumbent to ascending; Leaves, alternate, 16 mm. × 3 mm. wide, tip 3-lobed; Inflorescence, solitary heads on peduncles (10 mm.), flowers of two kinds, radiate; Phyllaries, 5, in one series, free at base, 7.5 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, margins slightly scarious, tip acuminate without tack-shaped gland; Receptacle, flat, epaleate; Ray flowers, 5, 5 mm., yellow; Pappus of bristles on both ray and disc flowers, single row, short plumose; cypsela, black, short plumose.

Other articles: Cedar Canyon Road Pinto Mountain
Full Size ImageColl. No. 310, Cryptantha gracilis  

310  Phacelia

Cryptantha gracilis Osterh. Narrow-Stem Cryptantha.

Pinto Mountain, San Bernardino County, California. South face of Pinto Mountain, 12.5 km southeast of Cima, 14.5 km north of Hole-in-the-Wall, growing in Winkler Formation, a Tertiary lacustrine limestone. 35.1752°N, 115.386°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1639 m.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 311, Phacelia fremontii  
311  Phacelia fremontii Torr. Fremont's Phacelia.

Pinto Mountain, San Bernardino County, California. 35.1732°N, 115.3844°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1613 m.

Coll. No. 311, keyed 10 Jan 2013, characters observed: Annual, from taproot, 10 to 20 cm., green, glandular, staining newsprint, Leaves, alternate, deeply pinnately lobed; Inflorescence coiled; Sepals, 5, 5 mm x 1 mm wide, tip rounded, sinus appendages 0; Corolla funnelform, radial, tube 6.5 mm + lobes 2.5 mm = 9 mm x 6 mm wide, blue/purple, deciduous; Ovary, 1, entire; Style, attached to tip of ovary, forked; Stigma, 2; Stamens, 5, included, different lengths (2,2,1), filaments all attached at same level, free glabrous; Seeds 8, 1.2 mm, dark brown or nearly black, cross-furrowed.

  Cloudy but not too humid, beautiful at sunset when the clouds were lit from below.
 

Tuesday 27-May

 
  Sun up about 5:40 AM. Low maybe 60°. Few high cirrus clouds, light breeze from the east.
  Checked my plot of Salvia dorrii near Lobo Point. This might have been a good year for annuals, but not perennials. Many Salvia dorrii have died or remained dormant.
  Even the junipers have some die back.
  Collected three plants, including a Phacelia that was growing in the Coleogyne, a Cryptantha and a Stylocline.
  Phacelia ramosissima Douglas ex Lehm. Branching Phacelia. Poorly preserved, no good leaf material, destroyed.

Other articles: Lobo Point Road 65000
Full Size ImageColl. No. 347, Cryptantha circumcissa
Full Size ImageColl. No. 347, Cryptantha circumcissa  

313  Cryp ? at MLPSD

Cryptantha circumscissa (Hook. & Arn.) I. M. Johnst. Cushion Cryptantha.

Lobo Point, San Bernardino County, California. Experimental plots in Salvia dorrii. 3.6 km northwest of Hole in the Wall visitor center, 20.7 km south southeast of Cima, San Bernardino County, California. 35.0571°N, 115.4321°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1425 m.

Collected under Permit#: MOJA-2001-SCI-0015, Vegetation of Lobo Point and North Wild Horse Mesa.

  314  Stylocline at MLSDP

Eriophyllum pringeli A. Gray. Pringle's Woolly Sunflower.

Lobo Point, San Bernardino County, California. Experimental plots in Salvia dorrii, bajada just north of Lobo point, about 2½ miles northwest of Hole-in-the-Wall, 9 miles northeast of Mitchell Caverns. 35.0571°N, 115.432°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1425 m.

  Had lunch at Lobo Point, and then drove up the cherry-stem road into the north face of Wild Horse Mesa. Most of my Frasera albomarginata have died. There are two new rosettes in the experimental plot. One of the new rosettes is in a cluster of four new rosettes. The other three are just outside my plot.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 315, Phacelia ramosissima  
315  Collected a Phacelia on the north face of Wild Horse Mesa that was growing under pinyons. This collection had UTM coordinates of the access road to the Mid Hills Campground. So, it's not clear where the collection was actually made.

Phacelia ramosissima Douglas ex Lehm. Branching Phacelia.

Mid Hills Campground, San Bernardino County, California. 35.1274°N, 115.4351°W. WGS 1984.


Full Size ImageDead or dying Junipers on north face of Wild Horse Mesa  
Noticed that many of the junipers near Winkler’s cabin have died, or at least turned brown.
  Went to Winkler’s Cabin and signed guest register. Looked like someone was staying there.
  The Salvia dorrii along the road near Mid Hills campground had some heavy bloom, perhaps 6 or 7 whorls.
  Plants that looked good: Annuals, especially several different Phacelias, Calochortus, Ephedra, and Ledipium.
  Plants that looked OK: Coleogyne, Mirabilis (both M. multiflora and M. bigelovii[= M. laevis var. villosa] TAS 19-Feb-05), Yucca baccata, and the single-leaved ash (Fraxinus anomala) on the north face of Wild Horse Mesa.
  Plants that looked bad: Junipers, some Pinyons, Salvia dorrii, and Frasera albomarginata.
 

Wednesday 28-May

 
  07:45 74515 mi., lv. Mid Hills, bound for Goodsprings, Potosi Mountain, and the Mesquite Mountains.
  08:53 74575 mi., lv. Jean, having filled up with gas.
  09:00 74584 mi., lv. Goodsprings, thinking we would like to drive to the top of Potosi Mtn. We take a major-looking road off of Wilson Pass Road. It turns out this road doesn’t go to the top of Potosi Mountain, but to a nearby hill with lots of radio towers.

Locations: Mesquite Mountains.
Full Size ImageLocation of Aztec Tank, type locality of Aztec Sandstone.
Full Size ImageSandy Valley and the Mesquite Mountains.  

09:45 74589 mi., lv. Radio towers, nice view of Sandy Valley, Goodsprings, the Bird Spring Mountains, and Potosi Mountain.
  Not too much to collect on the top, but the undisturbed slopes below the top were pretty interesting.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 316, Caulanthus crassicaulis  
316  Caulanthus crassicaulis (Torr.) Wats. Spindlestem.

Spring Mountains, Clark County, Nevada. On a ridge south of an unnamed small peak with many radio towers, southern Spring Mountains, 5.3 air miles northwest of Goodsprings, Clark County, Nevada, and 5.1 air miles south of Potosi Mountain, Clark County Nevada. 35.8909°N, 115.4955°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1859 m.

Coll. No. 316, 10 Nov 2012, characters observed while keying: Perennial, terrestrial, caudex woody; Stem erect 7 dm., inflated, glabrous; Leaves basal glabrous, cauline leaves few, bases not lobed of sagittate; Pedicel 2 mm.; Calyx many straight hairs; Stamens 6, mostly included; Stigma lobes opposite valves; Fruit cylindric; Seed wings 0.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 317, Oenothera suffrutescens  
317  Oenothera suffrutescens (Ser.) W. L. Wagner & Hoch. Linda Tarde. (Syn: Gaura coccinea Pursh)

Spring Mountains, Clark County, Nevada. On a ridge south of an unnamed small peak with many radio towers, southern Spring Mountains, 5.3 air miles northwest of Goodsprings, Clark County, Nevada, and 5.1 air miles south of Potosi Mountain, Clark County Nevada. 35.8909°N, 115.4955°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1859 m.

Coll. No. 317, keyed 15 Dec 2012, characters observed: Herbaceous perennial, to 60 cm.; Stipules absent; Leaves alternate, 25 mm. x 5 mm., lanceolate, few toothed; Inflorescence straight, open; Bracts 2-3 mm.; Buds erect; Sepals fused to tip in bud, all coming free, reflexed, 6 mm., not persistent after flowering; Hypanthium 6 mm.; Petals entire; Stamens 8, < stigma; Anthers maturing in unison with stigma; Ovary at flowering > distal internode (ergo infl. "open"); Stigma 4-lobed; Fruit 7 mm., stalk-like base 0, erect, fusiform, gradually wider at middle, puberulent, indehiscent; Seeds few, 2 mm., glabrous, not winged.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 318, Calochortus kennedyi var. kennedyi  
318  Calochortus kennedyi Porter var. kennedyi. Desert Mariposa Lily.

Potosi Mountain, Clark County, Nevada. Rocky ground just below unnamed peak with radio towers, 5.0 air miles south of Potosi Mountain, and 5.5 air miles northwest of Goodsprings, Nevada. 35.8909°N, 115.4955°W. Elev. 1859 m.

Coll. No. 318, 10 June 2012, characters observed while keying: Leaf basal withered at flowering; Perianth outer parts (bracts) differentiated from inner parts (petals); Flower erect; Petals 20 mm., wide, orange (faded to yellow brown); Nectary round, hairy; Fruit erect.

Locations: Mesquite Mountains.
Full Size ImageKingston Road at the California-Nevada border  

From the radio towers we drove back through Goodsprings, and then over Columbia Pass on Nevada Highway 161. Did not stop in Sandy Valley, and then into the Mesquite Mountains on a very good dirt Kingston Road.
  We turned up the cherry-stem road into the North Mesquite Mountains, and drove 1.6 miles to the end. Here we had lunch. 11S 0615381 3952371 1220 m.

Other articles: Kingston Road at cherry stem
Full Size ImageColl. no. 319, Diplacus bigelovii var. bigelovii  

319  Mimulus bigelovii (A. Gray) A. Gray var. bigelovii. Bigelow's Monkeyflower.

Mesquite Mountains, San Bernardino County, California. About 1.75 mi northwest of Winters Pass, reached by going 1.2 mi north of Winters Pass on Kingston Road, then 1.5 mi west on cherry-stem road into North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness. 35.7085°N, 115.7245°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1220 m.

Coll. No. 319, 27 May 2003, characters observed while keying: Annual, 10-15 cm., tap-rooted, branched at base or not, terrestrial; Leaves, opposite, lower, sessile, 11 mm. × 3 mm., oblanceolate, upper, petioled 1.5 mm. + blade 8 mm. × 2.8 mm., elliptic, tip acuminate; Inflorescence axillary, flowering nodes with 2 flowers; Pedicel 1.5 mm.; Calyx, tube 4 mm. + lobes 1.5-2.0 mm., cleft <½length, hairy; Corolla, lobes similar, spur absent, magenta; Stamens, 4, in 2 pairs of unequal length, staminode 0; Stigma, broad, ±2-lobed.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 320, Eriogonum nidularium
Full Size ImageColl. No. 320, Eriogonum nidularium  
320  Eriogonum nidularium Coville. Birdnest Buckwheat.

Mesquite Mountains, San Bernardino County, California. About 1.75 mi northwest of Winters Pass, reached by going 1.2 mi north of Winters Pass on Kingston Road, then 1.5 mi west on cherry-stem road into North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness. 35.7085°N, 115.7245°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1220 m.

Coll. No. 320, 27 May 2003, characters observed while keying: Annual; Stem densely branched, some incurved, tomentose (not glabrous or glandular); Leaves basal, blades round-ovate; Involucre 1.5-2.0 mm., angled (a little), not solely at tips of slender branches, sessile, sparsely tomentose; Peduncles glabrous; Flowers 1.8-1.9 mm., yellow, glabrous, outer perianth lobes fan-shaped (fiddle-shaped?), obtuse basally, all lobes ± alike.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 321, Phacelia vallis-mortae  
321  Phacelia ramosissima Douglas ex Lehm. Branching Phacelia. Phacelia vallis-mortae J. W. Voss Death Valley Phacelia.

Mesquite Mountains, San Bernardino County, California. At the end of a cherry-stem road into the North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness, 1.4 miles by road north of Winters Pass, then 1.6 miles by road west to end of road; about 21 miles by road north of the Cima Road exit on US Interstate 15. 35.7085°N, 115.7245°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 1220 m.

Coll. No. 321, keyed 19 Jan 2013, characters observed: Perennial, sprawling in shade, to 60 cm.; Stem decumbent, sparse short and long hairs; Leaves, alternate, to 7 cm., compound, 5 or 7 lobes, terminal lobes larger than lateral lobes, sparsely short hairy and glandular; Inflorescence coiled loosely, 12-15 flowers; Pedicels, 1-3 mm, elongating as fruit matures; Calyx, lobes 5, long (7.5 mm) and narrow, glandular hairy; Corolla blue, tube 4 mm + lobes 3.5 mm = 7.5 mm x 8 mm wide; Ovary, 1 mm., entire, straight hairy distally; Style, arising from top of ovary, 7 mm., hairy proximally, forked at approximate middle; Stigma, 2; Stamens exserted; Fruit, 3 mm., ovoid; Seeds, 4, 2.5 mm, light brown, pitted.

  12:50 74620 mi., return to Kingston Rd. Turn right, west to Winters Pass.
  12:55 74621 Winters Pass, 1169 m by GPS, lots of Eriogonum in bloom, one Eschscholzia, perhaps E. minutiflora, lots of Winter Fat, some Salvia dorrii that had finished blooming and set seed.
  Once we left Winters Pass, we watched for the other cherry-stem road going into the North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness. We did not find it.
  Since the hour was early we resolved to drive through the Piute Valley south of Mountain Pass.

Full Size ImageView of Mountain Pass Rare Earth Mine from the east slope of Kokoweef Peak.  
We started by visiting the mine on the north face of Kokoweef Peak, that I believe is the Carbonate King Mine.
  Then we swung through Kokoweef Caverns. It’s occupied and we turned around and left.

Locations: Blue Buzzard Mine. Iron Horse Mine. Rogers Camp.
Full Size ImageRogers Camp in Piute Valley
Full Size ImageTwo mines in the Mescal Range seen from Striped Mountain  

Navigated our way through the maze of roads in Piute Valley past the dinosaur foot prints. Then past the turn off to the Iron Horse Mine and the Blue Buzzard Mine to Rogers Camp. Here a check of our GPS receivers indicated an anomaly of about 160 m north and south. The GPS receivers were correct east and west.
  We returned back up the road into Piute Valley, drove around the north side of Striped Mountain, and then exited Piute Valley through a small pass.
  Did a drive through of the Standard No. 1 Mine and then took a relatively short dirt road down to Cima Road.
  16:26 74695 mi., ar. Mid Hills, total 180 miles.
 

Wednesday 29-May

 
  This morning I drove out through Macedonia Canyon, Kelso and Granite Pass. It’s clearly the fastest way in and out of the Mid Hills area.
 

Saturday, 16-August

 
  Alameda to Elko
 

Sunday, 17-August

 
  Elko

Other articles: Interstate 80 Bonneville Salt Flats

Locations: Bonneville Salt Flats.
Full Size ImageUS I-80 rest stop in the middle of the Bonneville salt flats.  

 

Other articles: Interstate 80 34501

Locations: Bonneville Salt Flats.
Full Size ImageThe Bonneville Salt Flats from the Rest Stop on US I-80.  

 
  Salt Lake City

Locations: Salt Lake City.
Full Size ImageOrgan concert in Temple Square.  

We got to Temple Square in Salt Lake City just in time for the daily organ concert, a brief tour of Temple Square, and then went to the food court in the mall across the street for lunch.
 

Park City

In Park City, we stopped to get gas, and then drove through the town on our way to Heber City.

Other articles: US Hwy 40 Vernal

Locations: Vernal.  

Vernal

 
  We checked in to the Best Western Dinosaur in Vernal. I wanted to stay here because they had high-speed wireless Internet access. This is a community service as an alternative to wiring the community for DSL or for cable modems. The wireless LAN adapter was an Orinoco card, and the software client was a very well locked down client loaded from a CD. It worked very well.
 

Monday, 18-August

 
  This morning in Vernal, we visited the Utah Field House Museum, next to the motel, and then headed out for Dinosaur National Monument.
 

Dinosaur National Monument

 

Literature Cited:
- Gregson, Joe D., and Dan J. Chure, 2003.

Locations: Dinosaur National Monument.  

Geology and paleontology of Dinosaur National Monument, Utah-Colorado is discussed in Gregson and Chure (2003).

Full Size ImageThe quarry building at Dinosaur National Monument.  
We rode the shuttle bus up to the quarry building.

Full Size ImageThe quarry at Dinosaur National Monument.  
The bones inside the quarry are very impressive.

Locations: Green River.
Full Size ImageThe Green River exits Split Mountain Canyon.  

For lunch, we went to a place called Split Mountain where the Green River exits a canyon.

Other articles: US Hwy 40 along Colorado R.

Locations: Colorado River.
Full Size ImageThe Colorado River between Kremmling and Hot Sulphur Springs.  

Between Kremmling and Hot Sulphur Springs, we stopped at a fishing access point to take photos of the Colorado River.
Full Size Image
The Colorado River between Kremmling and Hot Sulphur Springs.
  Hot Sulphur Springs
  Steamboat Springs
 

Tuesday, 19-August

 
  Steamboat Springs

Other articles: US Hwy 40 Steamboat Springs

Locations: Steamboat Springs.
Full Size ImageYampa River Botanic Park in Steamboat Springs  

Yampa River Botanic Park

Other articles: US Hwy 40 at Berthoud Pass
Full Size ImageBerthoud Pass, Continental Divide, 11,307 feet.  

Berthoud Pass is the highest pass on the route of US Highway 40.
  Denver
 

Wednesday, 20-August

 
  Denver
  FlatIron Crossing
  Denver
 

Thursday, 21-August

 
  Denver

Full Size ImageDinner with my cousin Sydney and her husband Dave.  
On Thursday evening we had dinner with my cousin Sydney and her husband Dave.
 

Friday, 22-August

 
  Denver
  Glenwood Springs
  Carbondale

Locations: Redstone.
Full Size ImageLunch along the Crystal River in Redstone, CO.
Full Size ImageMatt and Simone by the Crystal River.  

We stopped for lunch in Redstone, CO.
Full Size Image
The town of Redstone.
  Lost Lake

Locations: Lost Lake Campground.
Full Size ImageBecci, Matt, Cheryl, and Simone around the fire at Lost Lake, CO.  

Sitting around the campfire, Simone tried everyone else's chair.
 

Saturday, 23-August

 

Full Size ImageView of Lost Lake Slough from the trail to Dollar Lake.  
On Saturday morning we took a little hike to Dollar Lake from the campground. From we trail we had this view of Lost Lake Slough.

Locations: Dollar Lake.
Full Size ImageDollar Lake, near Crested Butte.  

Dollar Lake

Full Size ImageMany Frasera speciosa at Dollar Lake.  
Across Dollar Lake we could see many Frasera speciosa (Kellogg) Kuntze, or perhaps Frasera speciosa Griesb., depending on your point of view. The common names for this plant are either Monument Plant or Elkweed.

Full Size ImageFrasera speciosa that has finished blooming.  
Generally, we found this plant in open areas, rarely in shade, and never under trees. The habit of growing in the open has apparently carried over to other Frasera, including the desert species.

Full Size ImageRosette of Frasera speciosa at Dollar Lake, CO.  
The life history of Frasera speciosa was studied by Taylor and Inouye (1985) at the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory, in nearby Gothic (Crested Butte), Colorado. S. radiata blloms once then dies. The expected age at flowering is 37 years.
  Lost Lake

Full Size ImageColl. No. 323, Gentiana parryi
Full Size ImageColl. No. 323, Gentiana parryi
Full Size ImageLost Lake Slough  
323  Gentiana parryi Engelm. Parry's Gentian.

Lost Lake Slough, Gunnison County, Colorado. 12 mi (19.2 km) west of Crested Butte, Colorado. 38.8693°N, 107.2091°W. WGS 1984. Elev. 2933 m.

Coll. No. 323, keyed 1 Jan 2013, characters observed: Perennial herb to 35 cm.; Leaves cauline; Bracts 25 mm x 10-12 mm wide; Corolla blue, 35 mm., distinctly tubular, tube broad, plicate; Anthers not spirally twisted.

 

Sunday, 24-August

 
  Lost Lake Campground
  Crested Butte
  Gunnison

Full Size ImageLooking into Black Canyon of the Gunnison.  
Black Canyon of the Gunnison

Full Size ImageLooking toward Montrose, CO from Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park.  
Montrose
  Ouray
  Silverton
  Durango
 

Monday, 25-August

 

Locations: Durango.
Full Size ImageDurango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad.
Full Size ImageOverview of Durango, Colorado.  

Durango
 

Tuesday, 26-August

 
  Durango
  Mesa Verde National Park

Locations: Mesa Verde National Park.
Full Size ImageThe north end of Mesa Verde  

This is the north and highest end of Mesa Verde. Somewhat like Wild Horse Mesa, Mesa Verde is much higher at one end and sloping at a pretty high angle, and then becomes nearly flat at the lower and southern end.

Locations: Mesa Verde National Park.
Full Size ImageCliff Palace  

We took the tour of Cliff Palace.

Full Size ImageCheryl talks with two young people from the Bay Area at the Cliff Palace.  
As if to underscore what a small world this is, we learned that these young people were also from the Bay Area. They are brother and sister; she just graduated from Stanford, he from UC Berkeley.

Locations: Mesa Verde National Park.
Full Size ImageThe reservoir at Far View.  

On our way back up the mesa, and out of the park, we stopped at Far View. There were four or five little villages here, and this apparent reservoir. It was 90 feet in diameter and 12 feet deep.
  Monticello

Literature Cited:
- Baars, Donald L., 2003.
- Walsh, P., and D. D. Schultz-Ela, 2003.

Locations: Canyon Lands National Park.  

Canyonlands National Park. We didn't have time to stop this year. However, I would like to visit and see the grabens, as described in Baars (2003), and Walsh and Shultz-Ela (2003).

Locations: Moab.  

Moab

 
  We arrived in Moab in the early evening, checked in to a motel and walked down to the Slickrock Café for dinner. Then we got a really good ice cream cone at the Restoration Creamery run by Living Rivers Network.
 

Wednesday, 27-August

 
  Moab

Locations: Arches National Park.  

Arches National Park

Locations: Arches National Park.
Full Size ImageArches at the Windows.  

Our first major stop was at the Windows, an area of many arches. We walked around the "primitive" trail that leads behind the arches. Here we caught up with a Ranger giving a desert survival talk. We stayed with her for a bit and then sat inside one of the arches.

Locations: Arches National Park.
Full Size ImageTurret Arch  

From the perspective of one of the Spectacles Arches, we looked over Turret Arch.

Locations: Arches National Park.
Full Size ImageTrail to Delicate Arch  

The trail sign says it's 1.5 miles from the trail head to Delicate Arch. The first half of this trail climbs across this bare sandstone outcrop.

Locations: Arches National Park.
Full Size ImageCheryl rests on the trail to Delicate Arch.  

The last portion of the trail to Delicate Arch traverses a ledge with a drop-off of 30 to 50 feet.

Locations: Arches National Park.
Full Size ImageDelicate Arch  

Delicate Arch is across a small bowl. You have to skirt around the bowl to the left to stand under the arch. Behind the arch the sandstone drops off quickly to a creek.

Locations: Arches National Park.
Full Size ImageTrailside discussion with a Ranger.  

At the end of the day, we took a plant walk with Lee. It turns out Lee and I had previously corresponded about Blackbrush. One of the plants we saw on this walk was Lomatium latilobum (Rydb.) Mathias, common name: Canyonlands biscuitroot.

Locations: La Sal Mountains.
Full Size ImageThe La Sal Mountains in the late afternoon  

As we were leaving Arches National Park in the late afternoon, we were treated to some beautiful views, lit by the setting sun.

Literature Cited:
- Cruikshank, Kenneth M., and Atilla Aydin, 1004.
- Doelling, Hellmut H., 2003.

Locations: Arches National Park.  

References about geology are Doelling (2003) and Cruikshank and Ayden (1994).
 

Thursday, 28-August

 

Locations: Colorado River.
Full Size ImageColorado River upstream of Moab.  

Moab
  Arches National Park

Locations: Green River.
Full Size ImageGreen River in Green River, UT  

Green River

Other articles: Interstate 70 132500

Locations: San Rafael Swell.
Full Size ImageSan Rafael Swell.  

San Rafael Swell
  Eureka
 

Friday, 29-August

 
  Eureka
  Alameda
 

October 3, 2003

 
 

October 4, 2003

 
  Drive to Glacier point … Merced River valley hazy.
  Taft Point, Sentinel Dome trail head.

Locations: El Capitan. Yosemite National Park.
Full Size ImageEl Capitan as seen from Taft Point  

Taft Point, Sentinel Dome trial head.

Locations: Yosemite National Park.
Full Size ImageHikers at Taft Point  

Taft Point
  Yosemite West
  Wawona
 

October 5, 2003

 
  … power out …
  Library
  Crossed Merced River
  … to 7th Day Adventist camp .. Couldn't find suspension bridge …
  … back to the Redwoods.
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Date and time this article was prepared: 4/9/2017 9:09:23 AM