Eastern Mojave Vegetation

Detailed Area Plant List for Delong Park, Jefferson County, United States.

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Edited by Tom Schweich

This list is assembled from personal collections, herbarium vouchers, and published lists. For California, much of the data is provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria as indicated by a single dagger “†.” Their web site is at: (http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/). For Colorado, much of the data is provided by the Southwest Environmental Information Network as indicated by a double dagger “‡,” which web site is found at (http://swbiodiversity.org). See their respective websites for copyright information and recommended citation formats.

For a complete list of Locations included in this Area List, see the Locations Included section, below.

For a check list, please see: Check List for Delong Park, Jefferson County, United States.

Cupressaceae

Juniperus scopulorum Sarg. 'Cologreen'.  Cologreen Rocky Mountain Juniper. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 15 gal. planted 2568. 2568. .

Pinaceae

Pinus aristata Engelm.  Bristlecone Pine. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 8 ft. planted 2570. 2570. . .

Pinus heldreichii H. Christ var. leucodermis.  Bosnian Pine. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 8 ft. planted, nomenclature confused, possibly a subspecies 2569. 2569. .

Apiaceae

Conium maculatum L.  Common Poison Hemlock. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, Growing on side of small watercourse, probably pre-dates designation of park and construction. Colorado Noxious Weed List C. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2768. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) .

Asteraceae

Achillea millefolium L.  (Syn: A. lanulosa Nutt. , A. m. L. var. alpicola (Rydb.) Garrett , A. m. L. var. lanulosa (Nutt.) Piper , A. m. L. var. occidentalis DC. ) Common Yarrow. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb to 50 cm.;; Leaves alternate, tendrils absent, finely dissected, aromatic when fresh; Inflorescence, heads enclosed by an involucre, in flat-topped clusters; Phyllaries in 2+ series; Receptacles bearing scale-like bracts (paleate); Perianth in 2 or more whorls, parts in 5s; Phyllaries in 2+ series, not all subtending ray flowers; Flowers open, bisexual, two kinds, some with strap-shaped corollas; Petals fused into a tube; Ray flowers, white, lobe ovate; Disc flowers, white; Stamens = in number to corolla lobes; Ovary inferior. Pistils, 1 per flower (Described from Coll. No. 482, 30 Nov 2011, and Coll. No. 1023, 24 Jul 2013).

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), as Western Yarrow, hydroseeded 2546. 2546. . .

Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.  (Syn: A. artemisiifolia L. var. elatior (L.) Descourt. ) Annual Ragweed. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Native, but very weedy. Weed

- Delong Park, Tom Schweich 2908. 18 Aug 2022. ( Undist. ) Tom Schweich 2916. 15 Sep 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.  (Syn: Breea arvensis (L.) Lessing ) Canada Thistle. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Annual, to 70 cm., tap-rooted; Leaves, cauline, alternate, sessile but not obviously decurrent, 85 mm. × 20 mm. wide, margin sinuate, spiny, adaxial thinly tomentose, abaxial tomentose; Inflorescence, panicle(?); Heads, many, 30±, 15 mm. × 8 mm. dia., disk flowers only, dioecious, staminate heads, pappus < corolla, pistillate heads, pappus > corolla; Phyllaries, many (6-7) series, outer 3 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, inner 15 mm. × 1 mm. wide, dark dorsal ridge, tips, spinulose, reflexed; Receptacle, soft bristles, 10 mm.; Pappus, plumose bristles (Described from Coll. No. 1512, 24 July 2016).

- Delong Park, Colorado Noxious Weed List B. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2773. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist.  (Syn: Erigeron canadensis (L.) Cronquist ) Canadian Horseweed. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, 2721. 5/26/2022. 2856. 6/30/2022. . .

Coreopsis auriculata 'Zampfir'.  Fluted Coreopsis. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 1 gal. planted 2553. 2553. . .

Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L.Nesom & G.I.Baird var. graveolens (Nutt.) Reveal & Schuyler.  Goldy-Locks. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, many seedlings Tom Schweich 2602. 5/12/2022. . .

Gaillardia aristata Pursh.  Blanketflower. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Leaves, alternate, entire to toothed; Inflorescence, single heads on peduncles 13-18 cm., flowers of 2 kinds; Phyllaries, 2+ series, 17 mm. × 2.7 mm. wide, lance-linear; Receptacle, epaleate, setae, to 10 mm.; Rays, sterile, corolla, 21 mm. × 10 mm. wide, yellow, deeply 3-lobed; Disk flowers, corolla, 7 mm., purple; Pappus of 6+ aristate scales, 4 mm., awn 2×> body. Described from Coll. No. 1205, 12 Jul 2015.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 1 gal. planted 2550. 2550. . .

Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners.  (Syn: H. v. (Pursh) Shinners var. nana (A. Gray) Semple , H. v. (Pursh) Shinners var. villosa ) Hairy False Goldenaster. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 50 cm.; Leaves, cauline alternate, entire, 1-veined, distal perpendicular to stems, hairs > glands; Heads solitary, with both ray and disk flowers; Phyllaries in 2+ series, unequal, to 7 mm.; Rays, 9 mm.; Pappus double, outer narrow scales ≤ 1 mm. (easier to see on mature fruit), inner bristles, 6.5 mm., white; Fruit, disk 3 mm., hairy.

- Delong Park, 2836. 6/16/2022. . .

Lactuca serriola L.  Prickly Lettuce. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

Annual herb, Stems erect, Leaves basal 0 at flowering, cauline coarsely lobed, margins prickly-toothed, Fruit beak slender, many-ribbed, ~8 adaxial, ~5 abaxial (Described from Collection No. 911, 4 Oct 2012).

- Delong Park, New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2778. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Onopordum acanthium L.  Scotch Cottonthistle. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2772. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) The leaves have been lightly brushed to remove sand, but this has affected the tomentum. Colorado Noxious Weed List B. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2776. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Osteospermum 'Analanche'.  Avalanche White Dwarf Sun Daisy. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 1 gal. planted 2552. 2552. . .

Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl.  (Syn: Rudbeckia columnifera Nutt. ) Upright Prairie Coneflower. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 50 cm., tap-rooted; Leaves, cauline, to 11 cm. × 3 cm. wide, 1-pinnate, pinnae to 39 mm. × 4 mm. wide, some toothed; Inflorescence, single heads per stem, >> leaves; Involucre, 14 mm. diameter; Phyllaries, 1 series, lanceolate, hairy abaxially; Receptacle, cylindric, paleate; Rays, #5, 17 mm., × 13 mm. wide, elliptic-ovate, sterile, corolla yellow; Disk, cylindric, 20-45 mm. × 9-12 mm. wide; Palea, folded around but not enclosing disk flowers; Disk flowers, many, corolla greenish-yellow; Pappus, short crown of scales; Fruit, compressed, but maybe not strongly, ciliate adaxially(!). Described from Coll. No. 1198, 12 July 2015.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), as Prairie Coneflower, hydroseeded 2545. 2545. . .

Scabiosa columbaria 'Butterfly Blue'.  Blue Pincushion Flower. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 1 gal. planted 2554. 2554. . .

Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.  (Syn: T. laevigatum (Willd.) DC. ) Common Dandelion. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, Tom Schweich 2579. 5/6/2022. .

Bignoniaceae

Catalpa speciosa Teas.  Western Catalpa. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 2.5 gal. planted 2572. 2572. .

Boraginaceae

Ellisia nyctelea (L.) L.  Aunt Lucy. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Adventive native annual. Weed only if it becomes dominant.

- Delong Park, Tom Schweich 2601. 5/12/2022. .

Brassicaceae

Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.  Shepherd's Purse. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

Annual, scapose, to 27 cm., hairs, sessile, stellate, 3-4 points, throughout; Leaves, basal, oblanceolate, 55 mm. × 16 mm. wide, deeply lobed, but not all the way to mid-rib; cauline, 4-5 stem leaves, lanceolate, 25 mm. × 10 mm. wide, base sagittate; Flowers, small, petals white; Fruit, obcordate, 4 mm. × 3.5 mm. wide. The single species in this genus; described by some as the second-most common weed on Earth (Described from Coll. No. 1336, 11 May 2016).

- Delong Park, New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2765. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC.  Crossflower. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

Annual, hairs 0, sparsely stalked-gland-dotted; Leaves basal, withered at flowering, cauline simple, not basally lobed or clasping; Flowers radial; Corolla purple; Stamens 6; Ovary linear when young; Fruit linear, bilateral, to 4 cm, seed in proximal 2.5 cm., tip pointed; Seeds in two rows, brown, 1 mm (Described from Coll. No. 301, 5 Nov 2012).

- Delong Park, Collected to prepare educational materials for City of Golden volunteer weeding program. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2762. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Descurainia incisa (Engelm.) Britton.  Mountain Tansymustard. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2771. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Hesperis matronalis L.  Dame's Rocket. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial herb, to 50 cm., hairs, forked on stem, leaf, and sepal, but not fruit; Leaves, basal, withered at flowering, cauline, petiole 3-5 mm. + blade 100 mm. × 35 mm. wide, lanceolate, margin, small-toothed; Inflorescence, raceme; Sepals, #4, 5-6 mm., green, margins purple; Petals, #4, 13 mm. × 4 mm. wide, clawed, purple; Fruit, silique, 40 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide; Seed, 1.7 mm., brown, glabrous (Described from Coll. No. 1441, 15 June 2016).

- Delong Park, 2841. 6/20/2022. . .

Lepidium draba L.  (Syn: Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. ) White Top. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial, herb, to 45 cm., spreading by rhizomes, hairs simple; Leaves, basal, not seen, cauline, sessile, base auriculate, 36 mm. × 12 mm. wide, oblanceolate, margin irregularly toothed, reduced above; Flowers, petals, white; Style, immature, 1 mm.; Fruit, silicle, immature, 1.3-1.5 mm. × 0.5-1.0 mm. wide, flattened, wings 0, glabrous, reticulate-veined (Described from Coll. No. 1366, 24 May 2016).

- Delong Park, Colorado Noxious Weed List B. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2766. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) .

Cannabaceae

Celtis occidentalis L.  Western Hackberry. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 2.5 gal. planted 2571. 2571. .

Caprifoliaceae

Knautia macedonica Griesb.  Macedonian scabious. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, Probably a garden escapee, now naturalized. In the unreconstructed portion of the park, below the houses on Lookout View Court, 1.81 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich 2810. 20 Jun 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Viburnum dentatum L.  Arrowwood Viburnum. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted 2567. 2567. .

Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium album L.  Lambsquarters. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2769. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Cycloloma atriplicifolium (Spreng.) J. M. Coult.  Winged-Pigweed. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, Tom Schweich, with Laurel Starr 2914. 15 Sep 2022. ( Golden ) Tom Schweich, with Laurel Starr 2915. 15 Sep 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad.  (Syn: Bassia scoparia (L.) A. J. Scott , Bassia sieversiana (Pall.) W. A. Weber ) Common Red Sage. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2775. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Salsola tragus L.  (Syn: S. australis R. Brown , S. iberica (Sennen & Pau) Botschantzev ex Czerepanov , S. kali , S. kali var. tenuifolia Tausch. , S. pestifer Nels. ) Tumbleweed. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, seedlings, determination tentative Tom Schweich 2673. 5/12/2022. .

Cleomaceae

Cleome serrulata Pursh.  (=Cleomella serrulata (Pursh) Roalson & J. C. Hall) Rocky Mountain Beeplant. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), as Bee Plant, hydroseeded 2547. 2547. .

Convolvulaceae

Convolvulus arvensis L.  Field Bindweed. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, Colorado Noxious Weed List C. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2774. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) .

Euphorbiaceae

Euphorbia myrsinites L.  (Syn: Tithymalus myrsinites (L.) Hill ) Myrtle Spurge. Weed: CO DofA, List: A. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Toxic!

- Delong Park, Known to be in this parcel before construction. Colorado Noxious Weed List A. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2767. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) .

Fabaceae

Gleditsia triacanthos L. var. inermis C. K. Schneid. 'Imperial'.  Imperial Honeylocust. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 2.5 gal. planted, nomenclature unclear 2575. 2575. . .

Lathyrus latifolius L.  Perennial Pea Vine. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

Vine, Stem winged to 3 mm., Leaves pinnate compound, main leaf axis extended as tendril, Leaflets 2, Inflorescence of 9-11 flowers, Sepals fused at base, Flower bilateral, Corolla 20 mm., wing 33 mm. wide, Stamens 10, Filaments top free, bottom 9 fused (Described from Collection No. 884, 17 August 2012).

- Delong Park, 2842. 6/20/2022. . .

Securigera varia (L.) Lassen.  (Syn: Coronilla varia L. ) Purple Crownvetch. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

Perennial shrub, to 1 m. × 3 m. dia.; Leaves, cauline, alternate, stipules, 3 mm. × 0.6 mm., strap-shaped, sessile or nearly so, compound, leaflets, #21, 9 mm. × 2.7 mm. wide, oblong, tip mucronate; Inflorescence, axillary umbellate clusters, peduncles, 25 mm., Pedicels, 2.5 mm., Calyx, conical, tube 2.5 mm. + lobes 0.5 mm.; Flowers, white to pink, banner 4 mm. + 2 mm., wings, 6 mm., keel, 9 mm.; Fruit, erect, 19 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, ridged. (Described from Coll. No. 1526, 5 August 2016.)

- Delong Park, 2857. 6/30/2022. .

Fagaceae

Quercus bicolor Willd.  Swamp White Oak. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 2.5 gal. planted 2573. 2573. . .

Quercus macrocarpa Michx.  Bur Oak. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 2.5 gal. planted, nomenclature unclear 2578. 2578. .

Geraniaceae

Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her. ex Aiton.  Hemlock-leav'd Crane's-bill. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, Annual or biennial. Colorado Noxious Weed List C. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2764. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) .

Lamiaceae

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Blue Mist'.  Blue Mist Spirea. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted 2566. 2566. . .

Lamium amplexicaule L.  Henbit. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2770. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Nepeta racemosa Lam.  Persian Catmint. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2776.1 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Salvia × sylvestris 'May Night'.  May Night Purple Salvia. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 1 gal. planted 2551. 2551. .

Linaceae

Linum L. Flax. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), as Blue Flax, hydroseeded 2548. 2548. .

Oleaceae

Syringa vulgaris L.  Common Purple Lilac. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted 2565. 2565. .

Papaveraceae

Eschscholzia californica Cham.  California Poppy. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed ? , Not weeding at this time.

- Delong Park, 2858. 6/30/2022. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2775.1 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) .

Plantaginaceae

Penstemon pinifolius Greene.  Pine-Needle Beardtongue. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 1 gal. planted 2549. 2549. .

Polygonaceae

Polygonum aviculare L.  Prostrate Knotweed. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, Collected to prepare educational materials for City of Golden volunteer weeding program. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2763. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Rumex crispus L.  Curley Dock. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2777. 6 May 2022. ( Golden ) .

Ranunculaceae

Ranunculus testiculatus Crantz.  (Syn: Ceratocephala orthoceras DC. ) Bur Buttercup. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, Collected to prepare educational materials for City of Golden volunteer weeding program. New city park (construction in 2021 and 2022) near the intersection of 23rd Street and Vernon Drive, 1.75 km. southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Tom Schweich, with Carol Cameron & David Chavez 2761. 6 May 2022. .

Rosaceae

Dasiophora fruticosa (L.) Rydb. 'Gold Drop'.  Gold Drop Potentilla. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted 2562. 2562. . .

Fallugia paradoxa (D. Don) Endl.  Apache Plume. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted 2564. 2564. . .

Rosa 'Knock Out'.  Knock Out Rose. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted 2561. 2561. .

Rubiaceae

Galium aparine L.  (Syn: Galium aparine L. var. echinospermum (Wallr.) Farw. , Galium spurium L. ) Sticky Willy, Cleavers. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

Annual/perennial unknown, weak-stemmed and scrambling through shrubs and grass; Stem, retrorsely scabrous on angles (but not densely so); Leaves, whorls of 6-8 (more leaves above, fewer below), 46 mm. × 4 mm. wide, oblanceolate, margins retrorsely scabrous, tips with a short spine; Flowers, corolla, greenish-white, lobes 1 mm.; Fruit, 1.3 mm., covered with hooked hairs (Described from Coll. No. 1395, 8 June 2016).

- Delong Park, Tom Schweich, with David Chavex 2577. 5/6/2022. .

Sapindaceae

Acer miyabbei Maxim. 'Morton'.  State Street Maple. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 2.5 gal. planted 2574. 2574. . .

Acer saccharum L. 'JFS-Caddo'.  Caddo Sugar Maple. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 2.5 gal. planted, nomenclature unclear 2576. 2576. .

Saxifragaceae

Heuchera villosa × americana 'Berry Smoothie'.  Coral Bells 'Berry Smoothie'. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 1 gal. planted 2556. 2556. .

Solanaceae

Solanum rostratum Dunal.  Buffalo Bur Nightshade. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Native, but very prickly, Weed

- Delong Park, 2843. 6/20/2022. . .

Solanum triflorum Nutt.  Cutleaf Nightshade. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Native, but very weedy. Weed

- Delong Park, 2944. 7/28/2022. .

Ulmaceae

Ulmus pumila L.  Siberian Elm. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed, 1000s of seedlings.

- Delong Park, 2859. 6/30/2022. Tom Schweich 2603. 5/12/2022. .

Verbenaceae

Verbena bracteata Lag. & Rodr.  Large Bract Vervain. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

Perennial herb, to 15 cm., erect; Leaves, cauline, opposite, petiole 5 mm. + blade 20 mm. × 10 mm. wide, pinnafitid, toothed; Bract, 11 mm. × 2.2 mm. wide, entire; Calyx, 4 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide; Corolla, lobes, #5 tube 4 mm. + throat 1 mm. + lobes 2 mm., limb, 2.5 mm., color blue; Introduced (Described from Coll. No. 1500.2, 13 July 2016). Usually seen as a prostrate trailside herb. However, occasionally growing in grasses and herbs, and forced to adopt an erect habit.

- Delong Park, 2837. 6/16/2022. .

Zygophyllaceae

Tribulus terrestris L.  Puncture Vine. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, Carol Cameron 2947. 9/1/2022. .

Asparagaceae

Hesperaloe parviflora (Torr.) Coult.  Red False Yucca. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted 2563. 2563. .

Asphodelaceae

Kniphofia uvaria (L.) Oken 'Flamenco'.  Torch Lily. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 1 gal. planted 2555. 2555. .

Poaceae

Achnatherum hymenoides (Roem. & Schult.) Barkworth.  (=Eriocoma hymenoides (Roem. & Schult.) Rydb.) Indian Rice Grass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted, as A. humenoides 2558. 2558. . .

Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths.  (Syn: Chondrosum gracile Kunth ) Blue Grama. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), as Blue Grama, hydroseeded 2542. 2542. . .

Bromus tectorum L.  (Syn: B. tectorum L. var. glabratus Spenn. ) Cheat Grass. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Annual grass, to 30 cm.; Leaves, Sheath, 50 mm., closed proximal ⅔, open distally, Ligule, membraneous, 1 mm.; Blade, 60 mm.; Inflorescence, open panicle, rachis and pedicels short hairy, Spikelets, 1 per node, 15 mm., laterally compressed; Glumes, 2, sparsely hairy, margins scarious, lower, 2.3 mm., veins indistinct, upper, 4.5 mm. Callus, glabrous, very short, Florets, ±6, Lemma, 6.5 mm., 0.7  from mid-vein to margin, back rounded, sparsely hairy, tip, forked, teeth 1 mm., awned from near tip, awn, 5-7 mm.; Anthers, 3, 0.4 mm. Described from Coll. No. 1112, 26 May 2015. Dimensions are small for B. tectorum, perhaps because of the early date of collection.

- Delong Park, Tom Schweich 2674. 5/12/2022. . .

Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm.  (=Bouteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) J.T. Columbus) Buffalo Grass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), as Buffalograss, hydroseeded 2543. 2543. . .

Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fern.  Longspine Sandbur. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Native, but very prickly, Weed

- Delong Park, Tom Schweich 2907. 18 Aug 2022. ( Undist. ) Tom Schweich 2911. 25 Aug 2022. ( Undist. ) . .

Dactylis glomerata L.  Orchard Grass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial grass, to 1.0-1.2 m., not rhizomatous, basal or subterranean internodes not swollen; Stem herbaceous; Leaf, Sheath open and closed observed, published descriptions are roughly equally divided as to whether the sheath is open or closed, Ligule membraneous, 5 mm.; Blade, differentiated from sheath, base not constricted, soft, 25 cm. × 0.7 cm. wide, not sharp-pointed; Auricle, rounded, <1 mm., generally described as 0; Infloresence exceeding leaves, 13 cm., panicle, well developed, erect, 1° branches open, branching 4° or 5°; Spikelets not enclosed in a bur-like involucre, not subtended by bristles or long silky hairs, similar throughout plant, all on one side of rachis, crowded in dense clusters, on 2°-4° panicle branches 1 per node, axis few hairy, some spikelets appear to be infertile; Glumes, 2 < lowest floret, lower, 3.5 mm, smaller and thinner than upper, 6 mm., keeled, glabrous to ciliate on keel, else sparsely hairy; Florets not modified into bulblets 4+ per spikelet , have feathery stigma-like material but no ovary (immature?), uppermost vestigal floret not club-shaped rudiment (as seen in Melica); Lemma lowest largest, 5 mm., reduced above, keeled, line of hairs on keel, 5 veins, tip forked, awn 1.0-1.5 mm.; Palea light green with 2 veins forked at tip. Described from Collection No. 815, 9 May 2012, Alameda County, CA and Coll. No. 1111, 26 May 2015, Jefferson County, CO.

- Delong Park, 2840. 6/20/2022. . .

Distichlis spicata (L.) E. Greene.  (=Distichlis stricta (Torrey) Rydberg) Saltgrass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial, herbaceous, to 20 cm. above ground; Rhizomes, 3-5 mm. dia., scaly when young, buried 15-20 cm. below surface; Stem, cylindric (and don't you forget it!), herbaceous, leafy, unisexual; Leaf differentiated into sheath and blade, arranged in two (not three!) rows, blade 6-7 cm., glabrous, stiff; Ligule soft hairy around exterior; Inflorescence of many crowded spikelets, compressed laterally; Flowers, staminate and pistillate on different stems; Glumes 2, Stigmas 2 per flower; Fruit an achene (Described from Coll. No. 839, 20 Jun 2012).

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), as Inland Salt Grass, hydroseeded 2544. 2544. . .

Echinochloa muricata (P. Beauv.) Fernald.  Rough Barnyardgrass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, These are medium size; there are others double in height, and others that have been mowed and are quite short. Scattered mainly around the front entrance on 23rd Street. Tom Schweich 2913. 8 Sep 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch.  Stinkgrass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, Tom Schweich 2909. 18 Aug 2022. ( Undist. ) . .

Hesperostipa comata (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth.  (Syn: Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. ) Needle and Thread. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial, 50 cm., clumped, nonrhizomatous; Roots, fibrous; Stem, herbaceous; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated; Sheath, 100-120 mm., open ≥½, glabrous; Ligule, membranous, length 3.7 mm., lacerate into 2 equal parts, auricles 0; Blade, 60 mm., involute, glabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, panicle, 200 mm. × 30 mm. wide; Rachis, not extended, somewhat scabrous throughout; Spikelets, many, similar, borne singly; Compression, unremarkable; Disarticulation, above the glumes; Glumes, lower, 23-34 mm., veins #3, upper, 23-29 mm., veins #5, awl-shaped, rounded, membranous, ±equal, tip, very narrow, not awned; Florets, 1 per spikelet; Callus, 4.5-50 mm., sharp, straight hairs 1.0-1.5 mm., color tan; Lemma, 9.5-10.0 mm., rolled, indurate, straight hairy 0.5 mm., color white-tan, veins #3(?), awns, #1, 125-160 mm., twisted and short straight hairy proximal 45 mm., bent, scabrous distally; Palea, 9 mm., ±lemma, few white hairs on mid-vein; Stamens, #3; Anthers, 6.5 mm. (Described from Coll. No. 1890, 28 May 2018).

- Delong Park, 2844. 6/20/2022. . .

Panicum miliaceum L.  Proso Millet. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, This plant was probably weed-whacked at least one, which may account for its poor condition. Bottom of watercourse. Tom Schweich 2912. 8 Sep 2022. ( Golden ) . .

Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) Á. Löve.  (Syn: Agropyron smithii Rydb. ) Western Wheatgrass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial grass, to 75 cm., rhizomes, not seen; Leaves, ligule, short membraneous, auricles, 0, blade revolute; Inflorescence, bilateral spike; Rachis, internodes 6 mm.; Spikelets, 17 mm. × 10 mm. wide × 2 mm., not in capitate clusters, 1 per node, not oriented edgewise to rachis; Glumes, < lowest floret, narrowly lanceolate, slightly asymmetric, lower, 9.5 mm., upper, 10.6 mm.; Florets, #6±; Lemma, 11 mm., awns, 0; Palea, 9 mm.; Anthers, 4.5 mm. Described from Coll. No. 1691, 28 Jun 2017.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), as Western Wheatgrass, hydroseeded 2541. 2541. . .

Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng. 'Hameln'.  Dwarf Fountain Grass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted 2559. 2559. . .

Poa annua L.  Annual Blue Grass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

Annual, 15-18 cm.; Stem herbaceous; Sheath open; Inflorescence > leaves; Spikelets similar, 1 per node; Glumes lower 2 mm., upper 3 mm., awns 0, < lowest floret; Axis hidden; Florets 4 per spikelet, lowest 3.5 mm, > lowest glume, bisexual; Callus glabrous; Lemma veins 5, awns 0, short hairy; Palea keels hairy; Stamens, early deciduous; Anthers 2, 0.8 mm.; Ovary glabrous (Described from Coll. No. 920, 12 Feb 2012).

- Delong Park, 2722. 5/26/2022. . .

Poa bulbosa L.  Bulbous Bluegrass. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

- Delong Park, 2723. 5/26/2022. . .

Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv.  Green Bristlegrass. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon. Weed

- Delong Park, 2943. 8/4/2022. . .

Sporobolus heterolepis (A. Gray) A. Gray.  Prairie Drop-seed. CalPhotos. Jepson eFlora. SEINet Taxon.

Perennial grass, to 40 cm., caespitose; Leaves, mostly basal, ≥inflorescence; Inflorescence, (immature) 10 cm. × 2 cm. wide, open panicle; Spikelets, 1 per node, 4-5 mm.; Florets, 1 per spikelet; Glumes, #2, awns 0, lower, 4 mm., <lemma, upper, 5 mm., ≥lemma; Lemma, 4 mm., veins 1, awn 0. Described from Coll. No. 1714.

- Delong Park (Horticultural Planting), 5 gal. planted 2557. 2557. .

Total number of taxa: 83
Native Taxa:
(serif, italic, bold)
23
Exotic Taxa:
(sans-serif, italic)
58
Nativity Undetermined:
(default font, italic)
2
Listed Weeds:
Identified as Weed
12

Notes:

† -- Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria (ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/).
‡ -- Southwest Environmental Information Network, SEINet. 2009-2014. http//:swbiodiversity.org/seinet/index.php. Accessed from July 2009 to September 2014.

Locations Included in This Area

Bibliography

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Date and time this article was prepared: 9/21/2022 1:04:52 PM.