Eastern Mojave Vegetation Field Notes (Continued)  

Tom Schweich  

Home Page
Topics in this Article:
2008 Tour de Swertia albomarginata
Mono Lake, August 2008
Literature Cited
   When I first read the field notes of Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg, I was fascinated by the descriptions they wrote about the places they went and the plants and animals they found there. By publishing my field notes on the Internet I hope to follow a little bit in their tradition.






  • 1995
  • 1996
  • 1997
  • 1998
  • Other articles:
    • Mojave Desert Joshua Tree Road:  Near Wittwer Cyn;
    Full Size ImageStand of blackbrush.  


    Some sort of foray into Utah -- maybe this was following the trail of Carl Purpus (?)

  • 1999
  • 1999 Trip to Spain
    • Toledo
    • Cordoba
    • Sevilla
    • Granada
    • Grazalema
    • Ronda
    • Cueva de la Pileta
    • Santiago de Compostela
  • 2000
  • 2001
      • Madrid
      • Segovia
      • Cuenca
      • Almaden
      • Oropesa
  • 2002
  • 2003
      • Semana Santa in Sevilla
      • the Alpujarra
      • Rio Tinto
  • 2004

    Locations: Sevilla.  

      • Sevilla
      • Bormujos
      • Jubrique
      • Los Reales de Sierra Bermeja
      • Jimera de Libar.

    Locations: Mesquite Mountains. Mojave National Preserve. Zzyzx.  

      • Mojave National Preserve
      • Mesquite Mountains
      • Zzyzx

    Locations: Aztec Tank. Hawthorne. Magruder Mountain. Mojave National Preserve. Potosi Mountain. Silver Peak Range. Walker Lake.  

      • Mojave National Preserve
      • Potosi Mountain
      • Aztec Tank
      • Magruder Mountain
      • Silver Peak Range
      • Hawthorne
      • Walker Lake
  • 2005

    Leaving Lander.





    Literature Cited

      A list of all literature cited by this web site can be found in the Bibliography.
        Ackerfield, Jennifer. 2015. Flora of Colorado. Fort Worth, TX 76107-3400: Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 2015.
        Aedo, Carlos. 2001. The Genus Geranium L. (Geraniaceae) in North America. II. Perennial Species. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid. 59(1):3-65. {TAS-pdf}
        Anderson, D., P. Haseman, and T. Schweich. 2019. Kinney Run Walking Tour for Stewards of Golden Open Space. Unpublished field guide..
        Anderson, Steve, Lisa Eriksen, Cheri Howell, Lois Ports, and Lisa Seymour. 1998. Ruby Mountain Flora: A guide to common plants of the Ruby Mountains and East Humboldt Range. Elko, NV: Humboldt National Forest Interpretive Association, 1998. Purchased at the Northeastern Nevada Museum, Elko, NV.
        Anderson, John L. 2006. Vascular Plants of Arizona: Anacardiaceae Sumac Family. Canotia. 3(2):13-22.
        Andres-Hernandez, Agustina Rosa, Teresa Terrazas, Gerardo Salazar, and Helga Ochoterena. 2014. Phylogenetic analysis based on strructural and combined analyses of Rhus s. s. (Anacardiaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 176(4):452-468.
        Anonymous. n.d.. Sierra Nevada National Park: Alpujarras, Marquesado del Zenete. Granada, Spain: Editorial Penibetica.. ISBN: 84-931217-8-9.
        Anonymous. N. D.. Mineral County, Nevada. Hawthorne, NV: Mineral County Museum. Link to external document.
        Anonymous. n.d.. Self-Guiding Tour of Eureka, Nevada. Obtained at the Eureka Museum.
        Anonymous. n.d.. Totem Poles of Alert Bay. {TAS-pdf} Retrieved 30 Sept 2018 from an extremely long URL on Squarespace. Document properties indicate it was created in August 2014 using Microsoft Word.
        Anonymous. 2000. Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, Ruby Mountains Ranger District, National Forest Map. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intermountain Region, National Forest Service, 2000. Scale 1:126,720, 1 inch = 2 miles.
        Anonymous. 2015. In Colorado's snowbound mountains, desperation turned starving men into cannibals. The Pueblo Chieftain. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 25 September 2017, URL: http://cqrcengage.com/coloradoconcern/app/document/6150728 fails.
        Anonymous. 2016. Nevada Appeal at 150: Sept 8, 1954: Alpine County Highway to be opened. Nevada Appeal. Link to external document. Date retrieved: 11 February 2016, 12 January 2021.
        Argus, George W. 2009. Salix (Willows) in the New World: A Guide to the Interactive Identification of Native and Naturalized Taxa Using Intkey (Delta)., accessed 5/25/2013, now requires a password.
        Ausmus, Bob. 1989. East Mojave Diary. Tales of the Mojave Road #16. Norco, California: Tales of the Mojave Road Publishing Company, October 1989. {TAS}
        Baars, Donald L. 2003. Geology of Canyonlands National Park, Utah. pp. 61-83 in SprinkelDACA2003. Geology of Utah's Parks and Monuments, 2nd Edition. Utah Geological Association Publication 28. Salt Lake City, Utah: Utah Geological Association and Bryce Canyon Natural History Association, 2003.
        Baldwin, Bruce G., Steve Boyd, Barbara J. Ertter, Robert W. Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, and Dieter H. Wilken. 2002. The Jepson Desert Manual: Vascular Plants of Southeastern California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002.
        Baldwin, Bruce G., Douglas H. Goldman, David J. Keil, Robert Patterson, and Thomas J. Rosatti. 2012. The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, January 2012. {TAS}
        Baldwin, Bruce G., Susan Kalisz, and W. Scott Armbruster. 2011. Phylogenetic perspectives on diversification, biogeography, and floral evolution of Collinsia and Tonella (Plantaginaceae). American Journal of Botany. 98(4):731-753. {TAS-pdf}
        Baldwin, Bruce G., Donald W. Kyhos, Scott N. Martins, Frank C. Vasek, and Bridget L. Wessa. 1996. Natural hybridization between species of Ambrosia and Hymenoclea salsola (Compositae). Madrońo. 43(1):15-27.
        Barbour, Michael G., Todd Keeler-Wolf, and Allan A. Schoenherr. 2007. Terrestrial Vegetation of California. Third Edition. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007. {TAS}
        Barkworth, Mary. 1978. A taxonomic study of the large-glumed species of Stipa (Gramineae) occurring in Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany. 56: 606-625.
        Barkworth, Mary E., Laurel K. Anderton, Kathleen M. Capels, Sandy Long, and Michael B. Piep. 2007. Manual of Grasses for North America. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press, 2007.
        Barneby, Rupert C. 1977. William H. Shockley: An early day mining engineer and exceptional plant collector. Mentzelia. 3: 19. {TAS}
        Bell, Charles D., and Robert W. Patterson. 2000. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Linanthus (Polemoniaceae). American Journal of Botany. 87(12):1857-1870.
        Benedict, Nathan B. 1983. Plant Associations of Subalpine Meadows, Sequoia National Park, California. Arctic and Alpine Research. 15(3):383-396.
        Bureau of Land Management. 2006. San Rafael Motorized Route Designations. Price, Utah 84501: Bureau of Land Management, March 2006. {TAS}
        Bureau of Land Management. 2005. Pine Tree Wind Development Project, Findings of No Significant Impact. NEPA Compliance Document Number CA-650-2005-13. Ridgecrest, California: Bureau of Land Management, January 24, 2006. {TAS-pdf}
        Bradshaw, R. E. 2003. Grazalema Village Trail and A Brief History. 2003. {TAS}
        Bridge, John, and Robert Demicco. 2008. Earth Surface Processes, Landforms and Sediment Deposits. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
        Britton, Nathaniel Lord. 1882. Notes on the Autumn Flora of Southern Wyoming and Eastern Colorado. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 8(12):156. Link to external document. Date retrieved: 31 January 2021. Very brief, without much detail.
        Britton, Nathaniel Lord. 1884. Observations on the Geology in the Vicinity of Golden, Colorado. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences. 3: 77. Link to external document.
        Brokaw, Joshua M., and Larry Hufford. 2011. A new species of Mentzelia (Loasaceae) from Mono County, California. Madrońo. 58(1):57-63. {TAS-pdf}
        Browne, Brandon, Marcus Bursik, Justin Deming, Michael Louros, Antonio Martos, and Scott Stine. 2010. Eruption chronology and petrologic reconstruction of the ca. 8500 yr B. P. eruption of Red Cones, southern Inyo chain, California. GSA Bulletin. 122(9/10):1401-1422. {TAS}
        Brown, Howard. 2003. Geology, genesis and mining of pharmaceutical and food grade calcium carbonate at the Amboy Limestone Quarry. pp. 49-56 in Reynolds, Robert E.. Land of Lost Lakes, the 2003 Desert Research Symposium. April 2003. {TAS}
        Brunquist, E. H. 1966. Flora. pp. 6-11 in Irwin-Williams, Cynthia, and Henry J. Irwin, 1966. Excavations at Magic Mountain: A Diachronic Study of Plains-Southwest Relations. Denver Museum of Natural History, Proceedings No. 12. Denver, Colorado: Denver Museum of Natural History, October 20, 1966. {TAS-pdf}
        Buerki, Sven, Porter P. Lowry II, nadir Alvarez, Sylvain G. Razafimandimbison, Phillipe Kupfer, & Martin W. Callmander. 2010. Phylogeny and circumscription of Sapindaceae revisited: molecular sequence data, morphology and biography support recognition of a new family, Xanthoceraceae. Plant Ecology and Evolution. 143(2):148-159. https://doi.org/10.5091/plecevo.2010.437
        Cannon, H. L., Sara Trimby, T. F. Harms, and E. L. Mosier. 1986. Some observations on plant assemblages and elemental content of plants in mineralized areas of the Walker Lake 1° x 2° quadrangle, California-Nevada. Open-File Report 86-409. 1986. {TAS-pdf}
        Carver, Norman F., Jr. 1981. Iberian Villages: Portugal and Spain. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Documan Press, Ltd., 1981.
        Casebier, Dennis G. 1988. Guide to the East Mojave Heritage Trail: Ivanpah to Rocky Ridge. Tales of the Mojave Road Number Fourteen. Norco, California: Tales of the Mojave Road Publishing Company, October 1988. {TAS}
        Centala, Maxine. 2013. Geology of the Seal Rock Area. Link to external document.
        Chen, Chia Jui, Meghan G. Mendenhall, and Billie L. Turner. 1994. Taxonomy of Thermopsis (Fabaceae) in North America. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 81(4):714-742.
        Chesterman, Charles W. 1968. Volcanic Geology of the Bodie Hills, Mono County. pp. 45-68 in Coats, Robert R., Richard L. Hay, and Charles A. Anderson. Studies in Volcanology: A Memoir in Honor of Howel Williams. Memoir 116. Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America, 1968. {TAS}
        Chester, Tom, and Michael Charters. 2008. Does Geranium richardsonii Exist In Southern California?. {TAS-pdf} (http://tchester.org/plants/analysis/geranium/richardsonii.html, accessed 21 February 2015, includes a side-by-side comparison of charactreristics of Geranium californicum and G. richardsonii)
        Clark, Marin K., Gweltaz Maheo, Jason Saleeby, and Kenneth A Farley. 2005. The non-equilibrium landscape of the southern Sierra Nevada, California. GSA Today. 15(9):4-10. {TAS-pdf}
        Clausen, Jens, D. D. Keck, and Wm. M. Heisey. 1939. The Concept of Species Based on Experiment. American Journal of Botany. 26(2):103-106.
        California Native Plant Society, Bristlecone Chapter. 2000. Newsletter. 20(2).
        California Native Plant Society, Bristlecone Chapter. 2000. Newsletter. 20(5).
        Corsetti, Frank A, and Alan J. Kaufman. 2003. Stratigraphic investigations of carbon isotope anomalies and Neoproterozoic ice ages in Death Valley, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 115(8):916-932. {TAS}
        Coulter, John Merle. 1885. Manual of the botany (phaenogamia and pteridophyta) of the Rocky mountain region : from New Mexico to the British boundary. New York: American Book Company, 1885. Link to external document.
        Coulter, John M., and Aven Nelson. 1909. New Manual of Botany of the Central Rocky Mountains (Vascular Plants). New York: American Book Company, 1909. Link to external document. {TAS-pdf}
        Countryman, Clive M. 1969. Final Report. Project Flambeau: An Investigation of Mass Fire (1964-1967). I. Berkeley, California: U. S. Forest Service, 1969. (Date retrieved: 8 April 2017. http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=AD0710979)
        Cox, Billy Joe. 1972a. Biosystematics of Lupinus Lepidus - Lupinus caespitosus complex. Ph. D. Dissertation. 1972. Link to external document.
        Cox, Billy Joe. 1972b. [Placeholder]. Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science, St. Louis. 6: 60. Link to external document. This bibliographic entry is a placeolder for publication of L. caespitosus var. utahensis (S. Watson) B. J. Cox that I am unable to find .
        Cox, Billy Joe. 1973. A chemosystematic comparison of the Lupinus lepidus-L. caespitosus complex. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 100(1):12-17. Link to external document. Also available through Sci-Hub.
        Crawford, J. J. 1894. Twelfth Report of the State Mineralogist. Sacramento, CA: California State Mining Bureau, 1894. {TAS-pdf}
        Cronquist, Arthur. 1943. The Separation of Erigeron from Conyza. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 70(6):629-632. Link to external document. https://doi.org/10.2307/2481719
        Cruikshank, Kenneth M., and Atilla Aydin. 1004. Role of fracture localization in arch formation, Arches National Park, Utah. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 106: 879-891.
        Davis, Steven J., William R. Dickinson, George E. Gehrels, Jon E. Spencer, Timothy F. Lawton, and Alan R. Carroll. 2010. The Paleogene California River: Evidence of Mojave-Uinta paleodrainage from U-Pb ages of detrital zircons. Geology. 38(10):931-934. {TAS-pdf}
        DeCourten, Frank L. 2003. The Broken Land: Adventures in Great Basin Geology. Salt Lake City, Utah: The University of Utah Press, 2003. {TAS}
        DeDecker, Mary. 1984. Flora of the northern Mojave Desert, California. Berkeley, CA: Califonia Native Plant Society.. {TAS}
        Detling LeRoy E. 1937. The Pacific Coast Species of Cardamine. American Journal of Botany. 24(2):70-76.
        Doelling, Hellmut H. 2003. Geology of Arches National Park, Utah. pp. 11-36 in Sprinkel, Douglas A., Thomas C. Chidsey, Jr., and Paul B. Andersen, eds., 2003. Geology of Utah's Parks and Monuments, 2nd Edition. Utah Geological Association Publication 28. Salt Lake City, Utah: Utah Geological Association and Bryce Canyon Natural History Association, 2003.
        Dohrenwend, J. C. 1982. Map Showing Late Cenozoic Faults in the Walker Lake 1° By 2° Quadrangle, Nevada - California. Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1382-D. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey, 1982. {TAS-map}
        Dorsey, Rebecca J., Amy Fluette, Kristin McDougall, Bernard A. Housen, Susanne U. Janecke, Gary J. Axen, and Catherine R. Shirvell. 2007. Chronology of Miocene–Pliocene deposits at Split Mountain Gorge, Southern California: A record of regional tectonics and Colorado River evolution. Geology. 35(1):57-60. {TAS-pdf}
        Egan, Ferol. 1977. Fremont, explorer for a restless nation. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1977.
        Elliott, D. R., and D. L. Elliott. 1999. Place Names of Colorado. Denver, CO: Colorado Council of Genealogical Societies., 1999.
        Fernandez-Mazuecos, Mario, Jose Luis Blanco-Pastor, and Pablo Vargas. 2013. A Phylogeny of. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 174(2):234-249.
        Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. Withdrawal of Proposed Rule to List the Plants Astragalus lentiginosus var. micans (shining milk-vetch) and Astragalus lentiginosus var. sesquimetralis (Sodaville milk-vetch) as Threatened. Federal Register. 63(193):53631-63635. {TAS-pdf}
        Friends of Bidwell Park. 2019. Potentially Invasive Plant Species In Bidwell Park. Potentially Invasive Plant Species In Bidwell Park. Date retrieved: 21 June 2019, http://friendsofbidwellpark.org/potentially-invasive-plant-species-in-bidwell-park/
        Fox, Douglas. 2017. Inside the dangerous and unpredictable behavior of wildfire. High Country News. 49(6). (Date retrieved: 8 April 2017, http://www.hcn.org/issues/49.6/inside-the-dangerous-and-unpredictable-behavior-of-wildfire/)
        Grant, Verne. 1992. Systematics and Phylogeny of the Ipomopsis aggregata Group (Polemoniaceae): Traditional and Molecular Approaches. Systematic Botany. 17(4):683-691. Contains a reanalysis of I. a. subsp. collina and I. a. subsp. candida.
        Grant, Verne, and Dieter H. Wilken. 1986. Taxonomy of the Ipomopsis aggregata group (Polemoniaceae). Botanical Gazette. 147(3):359-371. {TAS-Abs}
        Grant, William F., and Ernest Small. 1996. The origin of the lotus corniculatus (Fabaceae) complex: a synthesis of diverse evidence. Canadian Journal of Botany. 74(7):975-989.
        Gray, Asa. 1849. Plantae Fendlerianae Novi-Mexicanae; An Account of a Collection of Plants made chiefly in the Vicinity of Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Augustus Fendler;. with Descriptions of the New Species, Critical Remarks, and Characters of other undescribed or little known Plants from surrounding Regions. Memoirs of the American Academy. IV(I):1-116. Link to external document.
        Gray, Asa. 1862. 3. Synopsis of the Genus Pentstemon. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 6: 56-. Link to external document.
        Gray, Asa. 1863. Enumeration of the Species of Plants Collected by Dr. C. C. Parry, and Messrs. Elihu Hall and J. P. Harbour, during the Summer and Autumn of 1862, on and near the Rocky Mountains, in Colorado Territory, lat. 39°-41°. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 15: 55-80. Link to external document.
        Gray, Asa. 1870. 2. Revision of the North American Polemoniaceae. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 8: 247-282. Link to external document. Date retrieved: 15 October 2020, 16 January 2021.
        Greene, Edward L. 1894. Observation of the Compositae. -- VI. Erythrea. 2: 95.
        Greene, Edward L. 1898. Studies in the Compositae.—VII. Pittonia. 3(18):264-305. Link to external document.
        Greene, Edward L. 1899d. Segregates of Caltha leptosepala. Pittonia. 4(21):73-80. Link to external document.
        Greene, Edward L. 1901. Plantae Bakerianae. 3(1):35. https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/210254
        Greene, Edward Lee. 1902a. A Fascicle of New Compositae. Pittonia. V(26):54-64. Washington, D. C.: September-November, 1902. {TAS-pdf}
        Greene, Edward Lee. 1905a. A Proposed New Genus, Callisteris. Leaflets. 1: 159.
        Gregson, Joe D., and Dan J. Chure. 2003. Geology and Paleontology of Dinosaur National Monument, Utah-Colorado. pp. 155-187 in Sprinkel, Douglas A., Thomas C. Chidsey, Jr., and Paul B. Andersen, eds., 2003. Geology of Utah's Parks and Monuments, 2nd Edition. Utah Geological Association Publication 28. Salt Lake City, Utah: Utah Geological Association and Bryce Canyon Natural History Association, 2003.
        Guest, Bernard, Nathan Niemi, and Brian Wernicke. 2007. Stateline fault system: A new component of the Miocene-Quaternary Eastern California shear zone. GSA Bulletin. 119(11/12):1337-1346. {TAS&pdf}
        Hammond, William C, Geoffrey Blewitt, Zhenhong Li, Hans-Peter Plag, and Corné Kreemer. 2012. Contemporary uplift of the Sierra Nevada, western United States, from GPS and InSAR measurements. Geology. 40(7):667-670. {TAS-pdf}
        Hankamp, Paul, Charles D. Bell, and Robert Patterson. 2016. Towards a complete species level phylogeny of Leptosiphon (Polemoniaceae. Madrońo. 63(3):208-219.
        Harrington, H. D. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado. Denver, CO.: Sage Books., 1954.
        Harrington, H. D. 1964, 2nd ed.. Manual of the plants of Colorado. Denver, CO.: Sage Books., 1964. {TAS}
        Hellmund Associates. 1998. Planning Trails with Wildlife in Mind: A Handbook for Trail Planners. Denver, CO: Trails and Wildlife Task Force, Colorado State Parks, September, 1998. {TAS-pdf}
        Hewett, D. Foster. 1956. Geology and Mineral Resources of the Ivanpah Quadrangle, California and Nevada. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 275.. {TAS} 172 pp.
        Higgins, Larry C. 1972. The Boraginaceae of Utah. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin. Biological Series. 16(3):1-81.
        Holmgren, Arthur H., Leila M. Schultz, and Timothy K. Lowrey. 1976. Sphaeromeria, a genus closer to Artemisia than to Tanacetum (Asteraceae: Anthemideae). Brittonia. 28: 252-262.
        Hora, Zdenek D., and Kirk D. Hancock. 2008. Geology of the Parliament Buildings 6. Geology of the British Columbia Parliament Buildings, Victoria. Geoscience Canada. 35(2):88-96. Date retrieved: 19 September 2018, https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/GC/article/view/11087/11747
        Houck, Karen J., Martin G. Lockley, Megan Caldwell, and Brandon Clark. 2010. A well-preserved Crocodylian trackway from the South Platte Formation (Lower Cretaceous), Golden Colorado. Crocodyle tracks and traces. Bulletin 51. 2010.
        Howell, John Thomas. 1943. Sertulum Greeneanum. American Midland Naturalist. 30(9):6-39.
        Hudson-Edwards, Karen A., Mark G, Macklin, Paul Brewer, Tom J. Coulthard, Andy J. Howard, Mette F. Nielsem, Jon Turner, Heather E. Jamieson & Vicki H. Remenda. 2000. Geochemistry of Rio Guadiamar Sediments Following the April 1998 Spanish Aznalcollar Mine Tailing Dam Failure and Subsequent Clean-up. Journal Conference Abstracts. Proceedings of the Goldschmidt 2000 Conference, September 3rd-8th, 2000. 5(2):536. Oxford, UK: Cambridge Publications, 2000.
        Hufford, Larry, and Michelle McMahon. 2004. Morphological Evolution and Systematics of Synthyris and Besseya (Veronicaceae): A Phylogenetic Analysis. Systematic Botany. 29(3):716-736.
        Hyslop, Larry. 1999. The Ruby Mountains: A Visitor's Guide. Elko, NV: C&L Publishing, 1999.
        Jacques, H. L. 1940. Mono Craters Tunnel Construction Problems. Journal of the American Water Works Association. 32(1):43-56. {TAS-pdf} A paper presented October 26, 1939, a the California Section Meeting at San Francisco, by H. L. Jacques, Engineer of Major Construction, Bureau of Water Works and Supply, Department of Water and Power, Los Angeles.
        James, Edwin. 1825. Catalogue of Plants Collected During a Journey to and from the Rocky Mountains, During the Summer of 1820. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. n.s.(2):172-190. (http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/26092#page/194/mode/1up)
        Jessen, Kenneth. 2012. Riding the Denver & Rio Grande Railway at 12 mph. Reporter-Herald (Loveland, CO). http://www.reporterherald.com/columnists/colorado-railroads/ci_21438491/riding-denver-rio-grande-railway-at-12-mph
        Kilburn, Paul D., and Sally L. White. 1992. North Table Mountain: Its History and Natural Features. Morrison, CO: Jefferson County Nature Association, 1992. {TAS-pdf}
        Kittel, Gwen. 2016. A Vegetative Key to the Willows of Colorado. Date retrieved: March 6, 2016, https://conps.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Kittel_Salix_Key_ver_3-2016-1.pdf
        Klinka, K., Vladimir J. Krajina, A. Ceska, and A. M. Scagel. 1989. Indicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia. 1989.
        Koenig, Heidi. 2007. Mining History of Mojave National Preserve. Rohnert Park, CA: Sonoma State University, June 2007.
        Kothera, Linda, Sarah M. Ward, and Shanna E. Carney. 2007. Assessing the threat from hybridization to the rare endemic physaria bellii Mulligan (Brassicaceae). Biological Conservation. 140: 110-118. {TAS-pdf}
        Laity, June. 2000. Ventifacts in the Mojave River Corridor and at "Ventifact Hill". pp. 37-39 in Reynolds, Robert E., and Jennifer Reynolds, 2000. Empty Basins, Vanished Lakes: A Field Guide to Afton, Baxter, Tecopa, Shoshone, Pahrump and Kingston. San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly. 47(2). Redlands, CA: San Bernardino County Museum Association, 2000. {TAS}
        Lamson-Scribner, F. 1898. Economic Grasses. Grass and Forage Plant Investigations. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1898.
        Langley, Alli. 2015. Summit County's toxic Pennsylvania Mine unlikely to blow like Gold King. Summit Daily. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2018: https://www.summitdaily.com/news/summit-countys-toxic-pennsylvania-mine-unlikely-to-blow-like-gold-king/
        Laughlin, Breeana. 2013. Toxic Pennsylvania Mine cleanup under way in Summit County. Summit Daily. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 1 July 2018: https://www.summitdaily.com/news/local/toxic-pennsylvania-mine-cleanup-under-way-in-summit-county/
        Likes, Robert C. 197x. Mono Mills to Bodie. Desert Magazine. {TAS} Available on the Internet, by permission, at: http://www.explorehistoricalif.com/mono_mills.html.
        Lipman, Peter W. 2006. Geologic Map of the Central San Juan Caldera Cluster, Southwestern Colorado. Geologic Investigations Series I-2799. 2006. {TAS-pdf}
        Load, Jayson, and Gary Sohler. 1985. Hot Springs and Hot Pools of the Southwest. Berkeley, CA: Wilderness Press. {TAS}
        Lockley, Martin, Karen Chin, Masaki Matsukawa, and Reiji Kukihara. 2009. New interpretations of Ignotornis, the first-reported Mesozoic avian footprints: implications for the paleoecology and behavior of an enigmatic Cretaceous bird. Cretaceous Research. 30: 1041-1061. {TAS-pdf}
        Löve, Áskell, and Doris Löve. 1976. Nomenclatural Notes on Arctic Plants. Bot. Notiser. 128: 497-523.
        Lum, Maria A. 2003. Crucifixion thorn. pp. 48 in Reynolds, R. E.. 2003 Desert Symposium. Land of Lost Lakes. Fullerton, CA 92384: California State University, Desert Studies Consortium, April 2003.
        Manaster, Jane. 1997. Horned Lizards. Number Thirty-Four, The Corrie Herring Hooks Series. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 1997. {TAS}
        Mann, Bill. 1999. Guide to 50 Interesting and Mysterious Sites in the Mojave. Volume 2. Barstow, California: Shortfuse Publishing Co., 1998. {TAS}
        Martine, Christopher T., Stacey Leicht-Young, Patrick Herron, and Andrew Latimer. 2008. Fifteen woody species with potential for invasiveness in New England. Rhodra. 110(943):345-353. https://doi.org/10.3119/07-30.1
        McVaugh, Rogers and Thomas H. Kearney. 1943. Edward Palmer's Collections in Arizona in 1869, 1876, and 1877. American Midland Naturalist. 29(3):768-778.
        Merrill, E. D. 1938. Biographical Memoir of Nathaniel Lord Britton. National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoirs. 19. Link to external document.
        Miller, Allison J., David A. Young, and Jun Wen. 2001. Phylogeny and biogeography of Rhus (Anacardiaceae) based on ITS sequence data. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 162(6):1401-1407. Paris: 1803.
        Nash, George V. 1895. New of noteworthy American Grasses. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 22(12):511-512. Link to external document.
        Nazaire, Mare, and Larry Hufford. 2012. A Broad Phylogenetic Analysis of Boraginaceae: Implications for the Relations of Mertensia. Systematic Botany. 37(3):758-783. {TAS-pdf}
        Nesom, Guy L. 1990. Taxonomy of the genus Laennecia (Asteraceae: Astereae). Phytologia. 68(3):205-228. Link to external document.
        Nesom, Guy L., and Gary I. Baird. 1993. Completion of Ericameria (Asteraceae: Astereae), Diminution of Chrysothamnus. Phytologia. 75(1):74-93. {TAS-pdf}
        Noe, David C., James M. Soule, Jeffrey L. Hynes and Karen A. Berry. 1999. Bouncing boulders, rising rivers, and sneaky soils: A primer of geologic hazards and engineering geology along Colorado's Front Range. Field Guides. 1: 1-19. Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America, 1999. {TAS-pdf}
        Nuttall, Thomas. 1818. The Genera of North American Plants and a catalogue of the species to the year 1817. 2 Vols.. Philadelphia: 1818. Link to external document. {TAS-pdf} Retrieved 22 February 2016,
        Nystrom, Eric Charles. 2003. From Neglected Space to Protected Place: An Administrative History of Mojave National Preserve. From Neglected Space to Protected Place: An Administrative History of Mojave National Preserve. Prepared for: United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mojave National Preserve. Great Basin CESU, Cooperative Agreement H8R0701001. Link to external document.
        Anon. . Tioga Pass Buried in 50 Ft. of Debris. Oakland Tribune. CLXIII(24):1. Oakland, CA: July 24, 1955.
        O'Kane, Steve L. 2010. Physaria. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 7: 616. Link to external document.
        Palmer, Thomas Y. 1969. Catalogue of Project Plambeau Fires, 1964-1967. Project Flambeau: An Investigation of Mass Fire (1964-1967). II. Berkeley, California: U. S. Forest Service, 1969. (Date retrieved: 8 April 2017. http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/710980.pdf)
        Pascual, Jose Pascual Real. n.d.. La Alpujarra. Barcelona, Spain: Editorial Escudo de Oro S.A. ISBN: 84-378-1614-9.
        Pavlik, Bruce Michael. 1985. Sand dune flora of the Great Basin and Mojave deserts of California, Nevada, and Oregon. Madrońo. 32(4):197-213. {TAS}
        Petronis, Michael S., John W. Geissman, John S. Oldow, and William C. McIntosh. 2002. Paleomagnetic and 40Ar/39Ar geochronologic data bearing on the structural evolution of the Silver Peak extensional complex, west-central Nevada. GSA Bulletin. 114(9):1108-1130.
        Pitblado, Bonnie L. 2015. Paleoindian archaeology of the Upper Gunnison Basin, Colorado Rocky Mountains. North American Archaeologist. 37(1):20-60. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 25 September 2017, http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0197693115594516
        Polunin, Oleg and Anthony Huxley. 1966. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.
        Polunin, Oleg, and B. E. Smythies. 1973. Flowers of South-West Europe: a field guide. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1973. ISBN: 0 19 288178 7
        POWO. 2021 - 2023. Plants of the World Online. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.. Link to external document. Retrieved on numerous dates from 26 February 2021 through today.
        Primack, Richard B., and Carina Terry. 2021. New social trails made during the pandemic increase fragmentation of an urban protected area. Biological Conservation. No. . Link to external document.
        Pursh, Frederick. 1814. Flora Americae Septentrionalis; or, A Systematic Arrangement and Description of the Plants of North America. 1. London: White, Cochrane, and Co., 1814. Link to external document. Date retrieved: 24 February 2016. biodiversitylibrary.org/item/1987
        Querol X., Alastuey A., López-Soler A., Plana F., Mesas A., Ortiz L., Alzaga R., Bayona J.M. & J. De La Rosa. 1999. Physico-chemical characterisation of atmospheric aerosols in a rural area affected by the Aznalcollar toxic spill, south-west Spain, during the soil reclamation activities. The Science of the Total Environment. Special Issue: The environmental impact of the mine tailing accident in Aznalcóllar (south-west Spain). 242(1-3):89-104.
        Reynolds, Robert E. 2001. The Changing Face of the East Mojave Desert. April 2001.
        Reynolds G, Epstein W, Terry D, Rodriguez E. 1980. A potent contact allergen of Phacelia (Hydrophyllaceae). Contact Dermatitis. 6(4):272-4.
        Reynolds, Robert E. 2006. Making Tracks Across the Southwest. 2006 Desert Research Symposium Field Guide and Abstracts from Proceedings. April 2006. {TAS}
        Reynolds, Robert E. 2008. Trough to Trough -- The Field Trip Guide. Proceedings of the 2008 Desert Symposium. April 2008. {TAS}
        Reynolds, Robert E. 2011. The Incredible Shrinking Pliocene. The 2011 Desert Symposium. April 2011. {TAS}
        Reynolds, Robert E., and David M. Miller. 2010. Overboard in the Mojave: the field guide. pp. 7-23 in Reynolds, Robert E.,. Overboard in the Mojave: 20 Million Years of Lakes and Wetlands. The 2010 Desert Symposium. California State University, Fullerton, CA: Desert Studies Consortium, April, 2010.
        Reynolds, Robert E., and Ted Weasma. 2005. Old ores: mines and Mineral marketing in the east Mojave Desert -- a field trip guide. pp. 3-19 in Reynolds, Robert E.. Old Ores: Mining history in the easterm Mojave Desert. April 2005. {TAS-pdf}
        Reynolds, Robert E., and Jennifer Reynolds. 2000. Empty Basins, Vanished Lakes: A Field Guide to Afton, Baxter, Tecopa, Shoshone, Pahrump and Kingston. San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly. 47(2). Redlands, CA: San Bernardino County Museum Association, 2000. {TAS}
        Rolfsmeier, Susan J. 2013. Taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Lappula Moench (Boraginaceae) in North America. PH. D. Dissertation. Manhattan, Kansas: Kansas State University, 2013. {TAS-pdf}
        Romaschenki, Konstantin, Paul M. Peterson, Robert J. Soreng, nuria Garcia-Jacas, and Alfonso Susanna. 2010. Phylogenetics of Stipeae (Poaceae: Pooideae) Based on Plastid and Nuclear DNA Sequences. pp. 511-537 in Seberg, Petersen, Barfod & Davis. Diversity, Phylogeny, and Evolution in the Monocotyledons. Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 2010. {TAS-pdf}
        Rose, Jeffrey P. 2021. Taxonomy and Relationships Within Polemonium foliosissimum (Polemoniaceae): Untangling a Clade of Colorful and Gynodioecious Herbs. Systematic Botany. 46(3):519-537. Link to external document.
        Rose, Jeffrey P., Cassio A. P. Toledo, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R, Lemmon, and Kenneth J. Sytsma. 2021. Out of Sight, Out of Mind: Widespread Nuclear and Plastid-Nuclear Discordance in the Flowering Plant Genus Polemonium (Polemoniaceae) Suggests Widespread Historical Gene Flow Despite Limited Nuclear Signal. Systematic Biology. 70(1):162-180. Link to external document.
        Rydberg, Per Axel. 1897. Rarieties from Montana.-III. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 24(6):292-299.
        Rydberg, Per Axel. 1901a. Studies on the Rocky Mountain Flora.—IV. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 28(1):20-28. Link to external document.
        Rydberg, Per Axel. 1906. Flora of Colorado. Bulletin 100. Fort Collins, Colorado: Experiment Station, Colorado Agricultural College, 1906. Link to external document. Date retrieved: 30 September 2016. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.2486
        Savoca, Matthew. 2019. A teen scientist helped me discover tons of golf balls polluting the ocean. The Conversation. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 10 May 2020, https://theconversation.com/a-teen-scientist-helped-me-discover-tons-of-golf-balls-polluting-the-ocean-109769
        Schlechtendal, D. de, and AD. de Chamisso. 1830. Plantarum Mexicanarum a cel viris Schiede et Deppe Collectarum. Linnaea : Ein Journal für die Botanik in ihrem ganzen Umfange. 5: 72ff., 206ff., 497ff..
        Schmitt, Axel K., Arturo Martín, Bodo Weber, Daniel F. Stockli, Haibo Zou, and Chuan-Chou Shen. 2013. Oceanic magmatism in sedimentary basins of the northern Gulf of California rift. GSA Bulletin. 125(11/12):1833-1850. {TAS-pdf}
        Schoenherr, Allan. 1993. Rise anf Fall of the Desert Pupfish, Cyprinodon macularis, at the Salton Sea. 1993 Desert Research Symposium. Ashes, Faults, and Basin. San Bernardino County Museum Association 93-1. San Bernardino, CA: May 21-24, 1993.
        Scott, G. R. 1972. Geologic map of the Morrison quadrangle, Jefferson County, Colorado. Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-790-A. U. S. Geological Survey: 1972. {TAS-pdf} http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/ngm-bin/pdp/download.pl?q=7283_9620_5, accessed 28 August 2014
        Scully, Richard W. 2007. Key to Potentillas of Colorado. Lyons, Colorado: Richard W. Scully, November 2007. Link to external document.
        SEINet. 2019+. Regional Networks of North American Herbaria. Date retrieved: daily, if not more often, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/index.php
        Semple, John C. 2016. An intuitive phylogeny and summary of chromosome number variation in the Goldenrod genus Solidago (Asteraceae: Astereae). Phytoneuron. 2016-32: 1-9. Date retrieved: 30 December 2020, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303366007_An_intuitive_phylogeny_and_summary_of_chromosome_number_variation_in_the_goldenrod_genus_Solidago_Asteraceae_Astereae
        Semple, John C., Katherine Kornobis, and Sofia Bzovsjy. 2018. A multivariate morphometric analysis of Solidago subsect. Nemorales (Asteraceae: Astereae). Phytoneuron. 2018-42:: 1-40. Date retireved: 30 December 2020. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325854903_A_multivariate_morphometric_analysis_of_Solidago_subsect_Nemorales_Asteraceae_Astereae
        Semple, John C. 2018. Intuitive Phylogeny of Solidago. © 2018 J.C. Semple, including all illustrations unless otherwise indicated. Date retrieved: 30 December 2020. https://uwaterloo.ca/astereae-lab/research/goldenrods/intuitive-phylogeny-solidago-0
        Sencer, H. A., and J. G. Hawkes. 1980. On the origin of cultivated rye. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 13(4):299-313.
        Shamberger, Hugh A. 1978. Candelaria and Its Neighbors. Historic Mining Camps of Nevada. Carson City, Nevada: Nevada Historical Press, 1978. {TAS}
        Shaw, Robert B. 2008. Grasses of Colorado. Boulder, Colorado: University Press of Colorado, 2008. {TAS}
        Simpson, Michael G., C. Matt Guilliams, Kristin E. Hasenstab-Lehman, Makenzie E. Mabry, & Lee Ripma. 2017. Phylogeny of the popcorn flowers: Use of genome skimming to evaluate monophyly and interrelationships in subtribe Amsinckiinae (Boraginaceae). Taxon. 66(6):1406-1420. {TAS-pdf}
        Smith, Beatrice Scheer. 1994. The 1872 Diary and Plant Collection of Ellen Powell Thompson. Utah Historical Quarterly. 62(Spring):104-131.
        Smith, Jerd. 2019. Eco-vandals shutdown high country water diversions bound for the Front Range, causing $1 million in damage. Water Education Colorado. {TAS-pdf}
        Smith, Scott. 2007. The Native Orchids of Colorado. North American Native Orchid Journal. 13(3):127-182. Link to external document.
        Sovell, John, Pam Smith, Denise Culver, Susan Panjabi and Joe Stevens. 2012. Survey of Critical Biological Resources, Jefferson County, Colorado, 2010-2011. Prepared for: Jefferson County Board of County Commissioners. Fort Collins, Colorado: Colorado Natural Heritage Program, Warner College of Natural Resources, Colorado State University, 2012. {TAS-pdf}
        Spalik, Krzysztof. 1997. Revision of Anthriscus (Apiaceae). Polish Botanical Studies. 13: 1-69. {TAS-pdf}
        Standard Lithium. 2017. Standard Lithium Signs MOU to Expand California Project with Permitted Producer in Bristol Dry Lake, Adds Additional Project at Cadiz Dry Lake. News. Date retrieved: 19 February 2018, URL: http://standardlithium.com/press-release/
        Steven, Thomas A., and Peter W. Lipman. 1976. Calderas of the San Juan Volcanic Field. Geological Survey Professional Paper 958. https://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/0958/report.pdf, date retrieved: 24 September 2017
        Strother, John L., and Bruce G. Baldwin. 2002. Hymenocleas are Ambrosias (Compositae). Madrońo. 49(3):143-144. {TAS-pdf}
        Sutton, D. A. 1988. A revision of the tribe Antirrhineae. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
        Swallen, Jason R. 1928. BOTANY - The grass Schizachne. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 18(8):203-206. Link to external document. Public domain.
        Sweeney, Patrick W. and Robert A. Price. 2000. Polyphyly of the Genus Dentaria (Brassicaceae): Evidence from trnL Intron and ndhF Sequence Data. Systematic Botany. 25(3):468-478.
        Tabor, Lawrence L/. 1936. Geology of the Crater Sulphur deposits, Inyo County, California. Unpublished Master's thesis.
        Thompson, David G. 1929. The Mohave Desert Region, California. Water-Supply Paper 578. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey, 1929. {TAS}
        Thompson, David M. 2005. Systematics of Mimulus subg. Schizoplacus (Scrophulariaceae). Systematic Botany Monographs. 75. Ann Arbor, MI: American Society of Plant Taxonomists, 2005. ISBN 0-912861-75-4
        Todd, Andrew S., Diane M. McKnight, and Sabre M. Duren. 2005. Water Quality Characteristics for the Snake River, North Fork of the Snake River, Peru Creek, and Deer Creek in Summit County, Colorado: 2001 to 2002. Occasional Paper 57. Boulder CO: Instirute of Arctic and Alpine Research, 2005. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: https://instaar.colorado.edu/uploads/occasional-papers/OP57_todd_et_al.pdf
        Toké, Nathan A., J Ramón Arrowsmith, Michael J. Rymer, Angela Landgraf, David E. Haddad, Melanie Busch, Joshua Coyan, and Alexander Hannah. 2011. Late Holocene slip rate of the San Andreas fault and its accommodation by creep and moderate-magnitude earthquakes at Parkfield, California. Geology. 39(3):243-246. {TAS-pdf}
        Torrey, John, and Asa Gray. 1838-1843. A flora of North America :containing abridged descriptions of all the known indigenous and naturalized plants growing north of Mexico, arranged according to the natural system. 1-2. Link to external document.
        Torrey, John, and Asa Gray. 1841. Flora of North America. 2.
        Trexler, Dennis T., and Wilton N. Melhorn. 1986. Singing and booming land dunes of California and Nevada. California Geology. 39(7):147-152. San Francisco, CA: California Division of Mines and Geology, July 1986. {TAS}
        Tripp, Ralph. 2009. My Life on a Ranch. Published through Lulu.com
        Turner, George. 1967. Slim Rails Through The Sand. Los Angeles, CA: Trans-Anglo Books, 1967. {TAS}
        Tyrrell, Pat. n. d.. Major Reservoir Information. Green River Basin Water Plan. Cheyenne, WY: Wyoming Water Development Office, no date. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 28 Sept 2018, http://waterplan.state.wy.us/plan/green/techmemos/reservoir.html
        Valdes, B. 2011. Echium. Anthos. Sistema de información de las plantas de Espańa. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC- Fundación Biodiversidad. Recurso electrónico en www.anthos.es. Consulta realizada en marzo de 2011[Consultada: 11 Sep 2013].
        Van Buskirk, M. C., and M. A. McKibben. 1993. The Modoc Fossil Hot Spring Deposit. 1993 Desert Research Symposium. Ashes, Faults, and Basins. San Bernardino County Museum Association 93-1.
        Van Horn, Richard. 1972. Surficial and bedrock geologic map of the Golden Quadrangle, Jefferson County, Colorado. USGS IMAP: 761-A. 1972. {TAS-pdf} http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/ngm-bin/pdp/download.pl?q=7281_9511_5, accessed 27 August 2014
        Varnes, D. J., and W. Z. Savage, eds.,. 1996. The Slumgullion Earthflow: A Large-Scale Natural Laboratory. U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2130. Washington, D. C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1996. https://pubs.usgs.gov/bul/b2130/, retrieved 24 September 2017
        Venhuis, C., and J. G. B. Oostermeijer. 2004. Conservation biology of Serapias perez-chiscanoi Acedo in the Guadiana river basin in Extremadura. Eurorchis. 16: 48-73. {TAS-pdf}
        Vredenburgh, Larry M., Gary L. Shumway, and Russell D. Hartill. 1981. Desert Fever: An Overview of Mining in the California Desert. Canoga Park, California: Living West Press, 1981. {TAS}
        Waage, Karl M. 1955. Dakota Group in Northern Front Range Foothills, Colorado. Geological Survey Professional Paper. 274-B. Washington, D. C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1955. {TAS-pdf}
        Walsh, P., and D. D. Schultz-Ela. 2003. Mechanics of graben evolution in Canyonlands National Park, Utah. GSA Bulletin. 115(3):259-270.
        D.A. Wark, W. Hildreth, F.S. Spear, D.J. Cherniak and E.B. Watson. 2007. Pre-eruption recharge of the Bishop magma system. Geology. 35(3):235-238. {TAS-pdf}
        Watson, Sereno. 1873b. Revision of the extra-tropical North American Species of the Genus Lupinus. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 8: 517-548. Link to external document.
        Weakley, Alan S., Richard J. LeBlond, Bruce A. Sorrie, C. Theo Witsell, L. Dwayne Estes, Janchi Gandhi, Katherine Gould Mathews, and Atsushi Ebihara. 2011. New combinations, rank changes, and nonemclatural and taxonomic comments in the vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas. 5(2):437-455. {TAS-pdf}
        Weber, Alex K., Michael W. Weber, and Matthew S. Savoca. 2019. Quantifying marine debris associated with coastal golf courses. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 140: 1-8.
        Weber, W. A., and Áskell Löve. 1981. New combinations in the genus Packera (Asteraceae). Phytologia. 49(1):44-40. {TAS-pdf}
        Weber, William A., and Ronald C. Wittmann. 2012. Colorado Flora: Eastern Slope. 4th Edition. Boulder, Colorado: University Press of Colorado, 2012. {TAS}
        Wedertz, Frank S. 1978. Mono Diggings. Bishop, CA: Chalfant Press, 1978. {TAS}
        Wefferling, Keir M., and Sara B. Hoot. 2017. Species circumstriction of the Caltha leptosepala polyploid complex (Ranunculaceae) based on molecular and morphological data. Phytotaxa. 316(3):201-223. Link to external document. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.316.3.1
        Wefferling, Keir M., and Sara B. Hoot. 2018. Dated phylogeography of western North American subalpine marshmarigolds (Caltha spp., Ranunculaceae):. Miocene–Pliocene divergence of hexaploids, multiple origins of allododecaploids during the Pleistocene, and repeated recolonization of Last Glacial Maximum glaciated regions. Journal of Biogeography. 45(5):1077-1089. Link to external document. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13204
        Weigend, M., M. Gottschlinf, F. Selvi, and H. H. Hilger. 2009. Marbleseeds are gromwells--systematics and evolution of Lithospermum and allies (Boraginaceae tribe Lithospermeae) based on molecular and morphological data. Mol Phylogenetic Evolution. 52(3):755-68. {TAS}
        Weitemier, Kevin Allen. 2010. Phylogeographic Patterns and Intervarietal Relationships within Lupinus lepidus: Morphological Differences, Genetic Similatities. Paper 919. {TAS-pdf} (http://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1918&context=open_access_etds, accessed 29 April 2015.)
        Welsh, Stanley L., N. Duane Atwood, Sherel Goodrich, and Larry C. Higgins. 1993. A Utah Flora. Second Edition, revised. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University, 1993. {TAS}
        Willson, Gary D., James L. Stubbendieck. 1996. Suppression of Smooth Brome by Atrazine, Mowing, and Fire. Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications. 369. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 3 March 2019, http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/agronomyfacpub/369
        Wilson, Anna Burack, and P. K. Sims. 2003. Colorado Mineral Belt Revisited -- An Analysis of New Data. Open-File Report 03-046.
        Wilson, E. D., and R. T. Moore. 1959. Geologic Map of Mohave County, Arizona. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines, 1959.
        Wingate, Janet L. 2017. Sedges of Colorado. Parker, CO: Wingate Consulting, 2017.
        Wrucke, C.T. ; Werschky, R.S. ; Raines, G.L. ; Blakely, R.I. ; Hoover, D.B. ; Miller, M.S. 1984. Mineral resources and mineral resource potential of the Little Sand Spring Wilderness Study Area, Inyo County, California. USGS-OFR-84-557. Reston, VA: Geological Survey, 1984 Jan 01.
        Yu, L., J. Young, A. Boe, J. R. Hendrickson, and N. H. Troelstrup, Jr. 2016. Impacts of Mowing Treatments on Smooth Bromegrass (Bromus inermis) Belowground Bud Bank. Natural Resource Management Faculty Publications. 214. {TAS-pdf} Date retrieved: 3 March 2019, http://openprairie.sdstate.edu/nrm_pubs/214
        Yi, Tingshuang, Allison J. Miller, and Jun Wen. 2004. Phylogenetic and biogeographic diversication of Rhus (Anacardiaceae) in the Northern Hemisphere. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 33(3):861-879.
        Yi, Tingshuang, Allison J. Miller, and Jun Wen. 2007. Phylogeny of Rhus (Anacardiaceae) Based on Sequences of Nuclear Nia-i3 intron and Chloroplast TrnC-trnD. Systematic Botany. 32(2):379-391. {TAS-PDF}
        Zhou, Q., Cai, Q., Zheng, Y., Wu, Z., & Mao, J. 2019. Floral development and the formation of functionally unisexual flowers in Xanthoceras sorbifolium (Sapindaceae), a morphologially andromonoecious tree endemic to northern China. Trees. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-019-01879-6
        [Previous Page]

    Go to page: [1800s] [1900s] [1910s] [1920s] [1930s] [1940s] [1950s] [1960s] [1970s] [1980s] [1990] [1991] [1992] [1993] [1994] [1995] [1996] [1997] [1998] [1999] [2000] [2001] [2002] [2003] [2004] [2005] [2006] [2007] [2008] [2009] [2010] [2011] [2012] [2013] [2014] [2015] [2016] [2017] [2018] [2019] [2020] [2021] [2022] [2023] [2024] [A]

    If you have a question or a comment you may write to me at: tomas@schweich.com I sometimes post interesting questions in my FAQ, but I never disclose your full name or address.  

    [Home Page] [Site Map]

    Date and time this article was prepared: 7/13/2024 8:11:55 AM